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Bone ablation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732055/role-of-htra1-in-bone-formation-and-regeneration-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-evaluation
#1
Gladys Filliat, Ali Mirsaidi, André N Tiaden, Gisela A Kuhn, Franz E Weber, Chio Oka, Peter J Richards
The role of mammalian high temperature requirement protease A1 (HTRA1) in somatic stem cell differentiation and mineralized matrix formation remains controversial, having been demonstrated to impart either anti- or pro-osteogenic effects, depending on the in vitro cell model used. The aim of this study was therefore to further evaluate the role of HTRA1 in regulating the differentiation potential and lineage commitment of murine mesenchymal stem cells in vitro, and to assess its influence on bone structure and regeneration in vivo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731366/chondromyxoid-fibroma-of-the-distal-fibula-treated-by-percutaneous-radiofrequency-ablation
#2
Tamar Berenstein-Weyel, Ehud Lebel, Daniela Katz, Yaakov Applbaum, Amos Peyser
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been shown to be an effective treatment for soft tissue lesions and also benign bone tumors, especially osteoid osteoma. There are limited data regarding this technique in other bone tumors, specifically larger and more aggressive ones. PURPOSES: To describe the use of RFA as a definitive treatment and an alternative to traditional open surgery for the treatment of chondromyxoid fibroma (CMF), a benign but locally aggressive bone tumor...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726968/evaluation-of-spectral-photon-counting-computed-tomography-k-edge-imaging-for-determination-of-gold-nanoparticle-biodistribution-in-vivo
#3
Salim Si-Mohamed, David P Cormode, Daniel Bar-Ness, Monica Sigovan, Pratap C Naha, Jean-Baptiste Langlois, Lara Chalabreysse, Philippe Coulon, Ira Blevis, Ewald Roessl, Klaus Erhard, Loic Boussel, Philippe Douek
Spectral photon counting computed tomography (SPCCT) is an emerging medical imaging technology. SPCCT scanners record the energy of incident photons, which allows specific detection of contrast agents due to measurement of their characteristic X-ray attenuation profiles. This approach is known as K-edge imaging. Nanoparticles formed from elements such as gold, bismuth or ytterbium have been reported as potential contrast agents for SPCCT imaging. Furthermore, gold nanoparticles have many applications in medicine, such as adjuvants for radiotherapy and photothermal ablation...
July 20, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721134/osteoporosis-in-men
#4
REVIEW
Waldemar Misiorowski
Osteoporotic fractures are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among aging men. 30% of all hip fractures occur in men, and mortality resulting from not only the hip fracture, but also the spine and other major osteoporotic fractures, is significantly higher in men than in women. As in women, hypogonadism is the best documented risk factor for developing osteoporosis in men. In older men, testosterone levels are negatively correlated with the risk of fractures, and it seems that this age-related testosterone deficiency should not be considered as one of the many causes of secondary osteoporosis, rather one of the major and most important mechanisms of senile osteoporosis...
June 2017: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714082/in-situ-macrophage-phenotypic-transition-is-affected-by-altered-cellular-composition-prior-to-acute-sterile-muscle-injury
#5
Andreas Patsalos, Attila Pap, Tamas Varga, Gyorgy Trencsenyi, Gerardo Alvarado Contreras, Ildiko Garai, Zoltan Papp, Balazs Dezso, Eva Pintye, Laszlo Nagy
Skeletal muscle regeneration is a complex interplay between various cell types including invading macrophages. Their recruitment to damaged tissues upon acute sterile injuries is necessary for necrotic debris clearance and for coordination of tissue regeneration. This highly dynamic process is characterized by an in-situ transition of infiltrating monocytes from an inflammatory (Ly6C(high) ) to a repair (Ly6C(low) ) macrophage phenotype. The importance of the macrophage phenotypic shift and the cross-talk of the local muscle tissue with the infiltrating macrophages during tissue regeneration upon injury are not fully understood and their study lacks adequate methodology...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706798/arthroscopic-excision-of-osteoid-osteoma-of-the-elbow
#6
Deepak N Bhatia
Osteoid osteoma has been reported infrequently around the elbow joint, and is usually treated with radiofrequency ablation or open excision. Elbow arthroscopy is useful for excision of accessible lesions, and the accompanying elbow stiffness can be treated concurrently. This report describes an arthroscopic excision of an osteoid osteoma located in the juxta-articular distal humeral bone. An initial adhesiolysis and capsulectomy is performed to gain access to the region above the capitellar articular margin...
June 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704698/interventional-radiology-in-breast-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Lizbeth Moira Kenny, Franco Orsi, Andreas Adam
Molecular profiling of metastatic disease may greatly influence the systemic therapy recommended by oncologists and chosen by patients, allowing treatment to be more targeted. Comprehensive care of patients with advanced breast cancer now includes percutaneous image-guided biopsy if this has the potential to influence systemic treatment [1]. Interventional radiologists can contribute significantly to the care of patients affected by breast cancer, in diagnostic and supportive procedures and importantly also in treatment...
July 10, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702394/osteoid-osteoma-radiofrequency-ablation-treatment-guided-by-computed-tomography-a-case-series
#8
Rosana Raquel Endo, Natalia Fabris Gama, Suely Akiko Nakagawa, Chiang Jeng Tyng, Wu Tu Chung, Fábio Fernando Eloi Pinto
The osteoid osteoma is a benign primary bone tumor that affects mainly males in the second and third decades of life. Radiographic findings show a radiolucent nidus surrounded by reactive sclerotic bone, particularly in the long bones of the lower extremity. Clinically, it presents persistent pain, which is worse at night and improves with salicylates. It can be a self-limiting injury, with an average duration of three years, but because of pain intensity and intolerance to prolonged use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories, surgical treatment is an option...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699686/ablation-of-ceramide-synthase-2-exacerbates-dextran-sodium-sulphate-induced-colitis-in-mice-due-to-increased-intestinal-permeability
#9
Ye-Ryung Kim, Giora Volpert, Kyong-Oh Shin, So-Yeon Kim, Sun-Hye Shin, Younghay Lee, Sun Hee Sung, Yong-Moon Lee, Jung-Hyuck Ahn, Yael Pewzner-Jung, Woo-Jae Park, Anthony H Futerman, Joo-Won Park
Ceramides mediate crucial cellular processes including cell death and inflammation and have recently been implicated in inflammatory bowel disease. Ceramides consist of a sphingoid long-chain base to which fatty acids of various length can be attached. We now investigate the effect of alerting the ceramide acyl chain length on a mouse model of colitis. Ceramide synthase (CerS) 2 null mice, which lack very-long acyl chain ceramides with concomitant increase of long chain bases and C16-ceramides, were more susceptible to dextran sodium sulphate-induced colitis, and their survival rate was markedly decreased compared with that of wild-type littermates...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698417/-intravenous-ablation-for-lower-extremity-varices-to-prevent-recurrent-pulmonary-embolism-in-klippel-trenaunay-syndrome-report-of-a-case
#10
Ikutaro Kigawa, Masahiro Aiba, Atsushi Ito
Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome( KTS) is a complex congenital anomaly characterized by lower extremity varix and venous malformations, port-wine stains, and soft tissue and bone hypertrophy. We present a case of a 35-year-old man of KTS with pulmonary embolism (PE). The patient was referred to our hospital complaining of the leg pain and sudden onset of dyspnea. Enhanced computed tomography (CT) showed lower extremity varices, superficial thrombophlebitis and bilateral pulmonary thrombi. No venous malformations except for varicose veins were revealed in the limbs or pelvis...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689337/osteoid-osteoma-of-the-hand-and-foot-in-children-successfully-treated-with-radiofrequency-neurotomy-probes
#11
Gokhan Kuyumcu, Murali Sundaram, Jean P Schils, Hakan Ilaslan
Osteoid osteoma is a common benign tumor that is typically found in young adults and children, usually in the long bones of the lower extremity. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) under computed tomography guidance is the standard of care for symptomatic osteoid osteomas. However, patients with osteoid osteoma of the hand or foot are often treated with open surgery because of the risk of injury to vascular and neural structures from RFA. This risk is more pronounced in pediatric patients because of the small lesion size and proximity of lesions to important neurovascular structures...
July 8, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688831/local-chemical-sympathectomy-of-rat-bone-marrow-and-its-effect-on-marrow-cell-composition
#12
P Dubový, I Klusáková, L Kučera, J Osičková, J Chovancová, T Loja, J Mayer, M Doubek, M Joukal
Existing experimental studies of the effect of sympathetic nerve fibers on bone marrow cells are based on the systemic administration of neurotoxic 6-hydroxydopamine. The method of global chemical sympathectomy has some serious disadvantages and could lead to questionable results. We describe a new method of local chemical sympathectomy of rat femoral bone marrow using guanethidine (Ismelin) delivery using an osmotic mini pump. Local guanethidine treatment for 14days led to complete elimination of sympathetic fibers in femoral bone marrow in contrast to bone marrow of contralateral or naïve femurs...
June 23, 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688457/u-series-dating-and-classification-of-the-apidima-2-hominin-from-mani-peninsula-southern-greece
#13
Antonis Bartsiokas, Juan Luis Arsuaga, Maxime Aubert, Rainer Grün
Laser ablation U-series dating results on a human cranial bone fragment from Apidima, on the western cost of the Mani Peninsula, Southern Greece, indicate a minimum age of 160,000 years. The dated cranial fragment belongs to Apidima 2, which preserves the facial skeleton and a large part of the braincase, lacking the occipital bone. The morphology of the preserved regions of the cranium, and especially that of the facial skeleton, indicates that the fossil belongs to the Neanderthal clade. The dating of the fossil at a minimum age of 160,000 years shows that most of the Neanderthal traits were already present in the MIS 6 and perhaps earlier...
August 2017: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687706/bone-regulates-browning-and-energy-metabolism-through-mature-osteoblast-osteocyte-ppar%C3%AE-expression
#14
Julia Brun, Flavien Berthou, Mirko Trajkovski, Pierre Maechler, Michanlegelo Foti, Nicolas Bonnet
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is a master regulator of energy metabolism. In bone it is known to regulate osteoblast differentiation and osteoclast activity. Whether PPARγ expression in bone cells, particularly osteocytes, regulates energy metabolism remains unknown. Here we show that mature osteoblast/osteocyte-specific ablation of PPARγ in mice (Ocy-PPARγ(-/-) ) alters body composition with age, namely less fat and more lean mass and enhances insulin sensitivity and energy expenditure compared to wildtype...
July 7, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678581/downregulation-of-the-ifnar1-chain-of-type-1-interferon-receptor-contributes-to-the-maintenance-of-the-hematopoietic-stem-cells
#15
Jun Gui, Bin Zhao, Kaosheng Lyu, Wei Tong, Serge Y Fuchs
Recent studies demonstrated that prolonged exposure of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) to type I interferons (IFN) stimulates HSCs entrance to cell cycle, continuous proliferation and eventual exhaustion, which could be prevented by ablation of the Ifnar1 chain of IFN receptor. Given that levels IFNAR1 expression can be robustly affected by IFN-independent ubiquitination and downregulation of IFNAR1 in response to activation of protein kinases such as protein kinase R-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK) and casein kinase 1α (CK1α), we aimed to determine the role of IFNAR1 downregulation in the maintenance of HSCs...
July 5, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675158/smad5-acts-as-an-intracellular-ph-messenger-and-maintains-bioenergetic-homeostasis
#16
Yujiang Fang, Zhongliang Liu, Zhenyu Chen, Xiangjie Xu, Mengtao Xiao, Yanyan Yu, Yuanyuan Zhang, Xiaobai Zhang, Yanhua Du, Cizhong Jiang, Yuzheng Zhao, Yiran Wang, Beibei Fan, Daniel Terheyden-Keighley, Yang Liu, Lei Shi, Yi Hui, Xin Zhang, Bowen Zhang, Hexi Feng, Lin Ma, Quanbin Zhang, Guohua Jin, Yi Yang, Bin Xiang, Ling Liu, Xiaoqing Zhang
Both environmental cues and intracellular bioenergetic states profoundly affect intracellular pH (pHi). How a cell responds to pHi changes to maintain bioenergetic homeostasis remains elusive. Here we show that Smad5, a well-characterized downstream component of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling responds to pHi changes. Cold, basic or hypertonic conditions increase pHi, which in turn dissociates protons from the charged amino acid clusters within the MH1 domain of Smad5, prompting its relocation from the nucleus to the cytoplasm...
July 4, 2017: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670376/ccr2-dependent-neutrophil-activation-and-mobilization-rely-on-tlr4-p38-axis-during-liver-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#17
Peng Xu, Junbin Zhang, Hui Wang, Guoliang Wang, Cong-Yi Wang, Jinxiang Zhang
Liver ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is a common clinical problem in which neutrophil recruitment is an essential event. Our previous study revealed the important role of C-C motif chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) in neutrophils during liver IRI. The aim of the present study was to further investigate the underlying mechanisms mediating the changes in CCR2 expression in neutrophils during this pathophysiological process. Herein, we found that TLR4 ablation reduced neutrophil mobilization from the bone marrow and the subsequent infiltration into the liver during liver IRI; neutrophil-derived CCR2 expression was also repressed...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659052/magnetic-resonance-guided-focused-ultrasound-for-treatment-of-bone-tumors
#18
Vivek Ajit Singh, Syed Usman Shah, Nor Faissal Yasin, Basri Johan Jeet Abdullah
AIMS: Magnetic resonance guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) is a new modality in the management of primary and secondary bone tumors. We aimed to investigate the safety, efficacy, and feasibility of using MRgFUS for the treatment of (1) benign bone tumors with the intent of complete tumor ablation, (2) primary malignant bone tumors with the intent to assess its effectiveness in causing tumor necrosis, and (3) metastatic bone disease with the intent of pain relief. METHOD: Twenty-four patients with benign bone tumors, primary malignant bone tumors, and metastatic bone disease were treated with one session of MRgFUS...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658621/nociceptors-boost-the-resolution-of-fungal-osteoinflammation-via-the-trp-channel-cgrp-jdp2-axis
#19
Kenta Maruyama, Yasunori Takayama, Takeshi Kondo, Ken-Ichi Ishibashi, Bikash Ranjan Sahoo, Hisashi Kanemaru, Yutaro Kumagai, Mikaël M Martino, Hiroki Tanaka, Naohito Ohno, Yoichiro Iwakura, Naoki Takemura, Makoto Tominaga, Shizuo Akira
Candida albicans can enter skeletal tissue through a skin wound in an immunocompromised host or by contamination during orthopedic surgery. Such Candida osteomyelitis is accompanied by severe pain and bone destruction. It is established that nociceptor innervation occurs in skin and bone, but the mechanisms of nociceptive modulation in fungal inflammation remain unclear. In this study, we show that C. albicans stimulates Nav1.8-positive nociceptors via the β-glucan receptor Dectin-1 to induce calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)...
June 27, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657211/quality-of-life-after-bone-sarcoma-surgery-around-the-knee-a-long-term-follow-up-study
#20
W P Bekkering, J C van Egmond-van Dam, J A M Bramer, A Beishuizen, M Fiocco, P D S Dijkstra
It remains unclear if quality of life (QoL) improvements could be expected in young patients after malignant bone tumour surgery after 2 years. To assess the course of QoL over time during a long-term follow-up, malignant bone tumour survivors of a previous short-term study were included. Assessments were done at least 5 years after surgery. QoL was measured with Short-form (SF)-36, TNO-AZL Questionnaire for Adult's Quality of Life (TAAQOL) and Bone tumour (Bt)-DUX. QoL throughout the follow-up was analysed by linear mixed model analysis...
July 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
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