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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025123/comparative-epidemiology-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-england-and-the-usa
#1
Alice King, Benjamin H Mullish, Horace R T Williams, Paul Aylin
Objective: To examine whether there is an epidemiological difference between Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) inpatient populations in England and the United States. Design: A cross-sectional study. Setting: National administrative inpatient discharge data from England (Hospital Episode Statistics) and the USA (National Inpatient Sample) in 2012. Participants: De-identifiable non-obstetric inpatient discharges from the national datasets were used to estimate national CDI incidence in the United States and England using ICD9-CM(008...
September 11, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020302/cerebrovascular-diseases-in-poland-inconsistent-seasonal-patterns-of-hospitalisation-and-mortality
#2
Anna Poznanska, Bogdan Wojtyniak, Kamil Chwojnicki, Katarzyna Lewtak, Barbara Rubikowska, Wojciech Seroka
Background: A seasonal variation in the incidence of cerebrovascular diseases still remains inconsistently evidenced. Herein, we analyse the monthly patterns of two health phenomena: hospital admissions and deaths due to these diseases. Methods: We identified 69 511 cases of hospital admissions and 14 956 deaths due to cerebrovascular diseases (ICD10: I60-I69 and G45) among the inhabitants of five Polish voivodeship capitals in 2004-13. The method of time series analysis (exponential smoothing with linear trend and monthly additive seasonality) was applied to calculate the monthly specific seasonal indices...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893475/impact-of-five-years-of-rotavirus-vaccination-in-finland-and-the-associated-cost-savings-in-secondary-healthcare
#3
Tuija Leino, Ulrike Baum, Peter Scott, Jukka Ollgren, Heini Salo
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to estimate the impact of the national rotavirus (RV) vaccination programme, starting 2009, on the total hospital-treated acute gastroenteritis (AGE) and severe RV disease burden in Finland during the first five years of the programme. This study also evaluated the costs saved in secondary healthcare by the RV vaccination programme. METHODS: The RV related outcome definitions were based on ICD10 diagnostic codes recorded in the Care Register for Health Care...
September 8, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844750/integrating-cancer-diagnosis-terminologies-based-on-logical-definitions-of-snomed-ct-concepts
#4
Jean Noël Nikiema, Vianney Jouhet, Fleur Mougin
In oncology, the reuse of data is confronted with the heterogeneity of terminologies. It is necessary to semantically integrate these distinct terminologies. The semantic integration by using a third terminology as a support is a conventional approach for the integration of two terminologies that are not very structured. The aim of our study was to use SNOMED CT for integrating ICD-10 and ICD-O3. We used two complementary resources, mapping tables provided by SNOMED CT and the NCI Metathesaurus, in order to find mappings between ICD-10 or ICD-O3 concepts and SNOMED CT concepts...
October 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802614/uncommon-combinations-of-icd10-pcs-or-icd-9-cm-operative-procedure-codes-account-for-most-inpatient-surgery-at-half-of-texas-hospitals
#5
Liam O'Neill, Franklin Dexter, Sae-Hwan Park, Richard H Epstein
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Recently, there has been interest in activity-based cost accounting for inpatient surgical procedures to facilitate "value based" analyses. Research 10-20years ago, performed using data from 3 large teaching hospitals, found that activity-based cost accounting was practical and useful for modeling surgeons and subspecialties, but inaccurate for individual procedures. We hypothesized that these older results would apply to hundreds of hospitals, currently evaluable using administrative databases...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725879/using-closure-tables-to-enable-cross-querying-of-ontologies-in-database-driven-applications
#6
Daniel R Harris, Darren W Henderson, Jeffery C Talbert
We demonstrate that closure tables are an effective data structure for developing database-driven applications that query biomedical ontologies and that require cross-querying between multiple ontologies. A closure table stores all available paths within a tree, even those without a direct parent-child relationship; additionally, a node can have multiple ancestors which gives the foundation for supporting linkages between controlled ontologies. We augment the meta-data structure of the ICD9 and ICD10 ontologies included in i2b2, an open source query tool for identifying patient cohorts, to utilize a closure table...
February 2017: IEEE-EMBS International Conference on Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709430/exploring-the-factor-structure-of-the-health-of-the-nation-outcomes-scale-honos-in-a-sample-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-schizotypal-and-delusional-disorders
#7
Wayne Smith, Silia Vitoratou, Paul McCrone, Anita Patel
BACKGROUND: The Health of the Nation Outcomes Scale (HoNOS) is recommended for use by the English National Service Framework for Mental Health and by the working group on outcome indicators for severe mental illnesses to the Department of Health. It was developed to measure the health and social functioning of people with severe mental illness. Since the development of the HoNOS many have debated its latent structure. This paper examines the latent structure of the HoNOS using current factor analysis techniques...
July 14, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705790/children-with-life-limiting-conditions-in-paediatric-intensive-care-units-a-national-cohort-data-linkage-study
#8
Lorna K Fraser, Roger Parslow
OBJECTIVE: To determine how many children are admitted to paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) with life-limiting conditions (LLCs) and their outcomes. DESIGN: National cohort, data-linkage study. SETTING: PICUs in England. PATIENTS: Children admitted to a UK PICU (1 January 2004 and 31 March 2015) were identified in the Paediatric Intensive Care Audit Network dataset. Linkage to hospital episodes statistics enabled identification of children with a LLC using an International Classification of Diseases (ICD10) code list...
July 13, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675915/risk-factors-for-premature-death-in-diabetes-patients-who-undergo-amputations-below-ankle-level
#9
Therese E Wilbek, Rasmus B Jansen, Bo Jørgensen, Ole Lander Svendsen
Aim To identify risk factors for early death in diabetes patients who undergo amputations below the ankle. Methods A retrospective study, where all hospital records of all diabetes patients who had undergone minimum one amputation below the ankle at the CWHC Bispebjerg Hospital, Denmark, in the period 1996-2013, were examined. The amputations were mainly trans-metatarsal amputations and partial amputations of toes. The participants were found via ICD10-codes. The included patients were followed from their first contact to the last registered contact...
July 4, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635420/the-most-common-comorbidities-in-dandy-walker-syndrome-patients-a-systematic-review-of-case-reports
#10
Emelina Stambolliu, Myrsini Ioakeim-Ioannidou, Kimonas Kontokostas, Maria Dakoutrou, Antonis A Kousoulis
OBJECTIVE: Dandy-Walker syndrome (DWS) is a rare neurologic multi-entity malformation. This review aimed at reporting its main nonneurologic comorbidities. METHODS: Following PRISMA guidelines, search in Medline was conducted (2000-2014, keyword: dandy-walker). Age, sex, country, DWS type, consanguinity or siblings with DWS, and recorded coexistent conditions (by ICD10 category) were extracted for 187 patients (46.5% male, 43% from Asia) from 168 case reports. RESULTS: Diagnosis was most often set in <1 year old (40...
September 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635239/-an-analysis-of-incidence-trends-and-characteristics-of-soft-tissue-sarcoma-in-beijing-1999-2013
#11
L Yang, Z W Fang, Z F Fan, N Wang, Y N Yuan, H C Li, S Liu
Objective: To analyze the incidence trends and to describe the characteristics of soft tissue sarcoma (STS) among residents in Beijing from 1999 to 2013. Methods: Medical information of the cases diagnosed as STS(ICD10: C47&C49) from 1999 to 2013 in Beijing was extracted from the population-based database of Beijing Cancer Registry.Crude incidence rate, age-standardized incidence rates to Chinese population (ASRC)and the world population(ASRW) were calculated. The characteristics of the STS cases in different gender and age groups from urban and rural areas were respectively analyzed...
June 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625708/-algorithms-for-the-identification-of-hospital-stays-due-to-osteoporotic-femoral-neck-fractures-in-european-medical-administrative-databases-using-icd-10-codes-a-non-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#12
P Caillet, P Oberlin, E Monnet, L Guillon-Grammatico, P Métral, M Belhassen, P Denier, L Banaei-Bouchareb, M Viprey, D Biau, A-M Schott
BACKGROUND: Osteoporotic hip fractures (OHF) are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The French medico-administrative database (SNIIRAM) offers an interesting opportunity to improve the management of OHF. However, the validity of studies conducted with this database relies heavily on the quality of the algorithm used to detect OHF. The aim of the REDSIAM network is to facilitate the use of the SNIIRAM database. The main objective of this study was to present and discuss several OHF-detection algorithms that could be used with this database...
October 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622071/survival-in-out-of-hospital-rapid-sequence-intubation-of-non-traumatic-brain-pathologies
#13
Pieter Francsois Fouche, Paul Andrew Jennings, Karen Smith, Malcolm Boyle, Gabriel Blecher, Jonathan Knott, Mani Raji, Pamela Rosengarten, Michael Roberto Augello, Stephen Bernard
INTRODUCTION: Rapid sequence intubation (RSI) is not only used in traumatic brain injuries in the out-of-hospital setting, but also for non-traumatic brain pathologies (NTBP) such as brain tumors, meningitis, encephalitis, hypoxic/anoxic brain injury, stroke, arteriovenous malformations, tumors, aneurysms, brain hemorrhage, as well as brain injury due to diabetes, seizures and toxicity, metabolic conditions, and alcohol and drug overdose. Previous research suggests that RSI is common in non-traumatic coma, but with an unknown prevalence of NTBP in those that receive RSI...
June 16, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585669/effectiveness-of-traumatic-brain-injury-management-guideline-introduction-in-hungary
#14
Abayomi Sorinola, Andras Buki, Janos Sandor, Endre Czeiter
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the impact of the Traumatic Brain Injury management guideline introduction in Hungary. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hospital discharge records (HDR) including age, gender, codes of interventions applied, ICD codes of diagnosed disorders of patients admitted between 01/01/2004 and 31/12/2010 with diagnosis of intracranial injury (S06 by ICD10) from every inpatient institution in Hungary were collected from the database of National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF)...
April 27, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578812/determinants-of-duration-of-untreated-psychosis-among-first-episode-psychosis-patients-in-denmark-a-nationwide-register-based-study
#15
Lene Halling Hastrup, Ulrik Helt Haahr, Jens Einar Jansen, Erik Simonsen
BACKGROUND: Information on determinants of duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) is still needed to inform campaigns targeting people with first episode psychosis (FEP). This nation-wide study analysed the association between demographic factors (age, sex, ethnicity, marital status, and geographic area), premorbid and illness-related factors (global functional level, substance misuse, and contact to police), healthcare factors (referral source and first FEP contact) and DUP. METHOD: The study population of 1266 patients aged 15-25years diagnosed with FEP (ICD10 F20...
May 31, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561792/short-term-associations-between-air-pollution-concentrations-and-respiratory-health-comparing-primary-health-care-visits-hospital-admissions-and-emergency-department-visits-in-a-multi-municipality-study
#16
Tahir Taj, Ebba Malmqvist, Emilie Stroh, Daniel Oudin Åström, Kristina Jakobsson, Anna Oudin
Acute effects of air pollution on respiratory health have traditionally been investigated with data on inpatient admissions, emergency room visits, and mortality. In this study, we aim to describe the total acute effects of air pollution on health care use for respiratory symptoms (ICD10-J00-J99). This will be done by investigating primary health care (PHC) visits, inpatient admissions, and emergency room visits together in five municipalities in southern Sweden, using a case-crossover design. Between 2005 and 2010, there were 81,019 visits to primary health care, 38,217 emergency room visits, and 25,271 inpatient admissions for respiratory symptoms in the study area...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554929/nutritional-rickets-in-norway-a-nationwide-register-based-cohort-study
#17
Haakon E Meyer, Kristina Skram, Ingvill Almås Berge, Ahmed A Madar, Hilde Johanne Bjørndalen
OBJECTIVES: Poor vitamin D status has been reported to be highly prevalent in many non-western immigrant groups living in Norway and other western countries. However, data on rickets are scarce, and the aim of the current study was to identify new cases of nutritional rickets in Norway in the period 2008-2012 among children under the age of 5 years. DESIGN: Register-based cohort study. SETTING: The Norwegian population from 2008 to 2012. PARTICIPANTS: Children with nutritional rickets under the age of 5 years...
May 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544284/the-national-healthcare-system-claims-databases-in-france-sniiram-and-egb-powerful-tools-for-pharmacoepidemiology
#18
Julien Bezin, Mai Duong, Régis Lassalle, Cécile Droz, Antoine Pariente, Patrick Blin, Nicholas Moore
The French health care system is based on universal coverage by one of several health care insurance plans. The SNIIRAM database merges anonymous information of reimbursed claims from all these plans, linked to the national hospital-discharge summaries database system (PMSI) and the national death registry. It now covers 98.8% of the French population, over 66 million persons, from birth (or immigration) to death (or emigration), making it possibly the world's largest continuous homogeneous claims database...
August 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525559/first-onset-mental-disorders-after-cancer-diagnosis-and-cancer-specific-mortality-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#19
J Zhu, F Fang, A Sjölander, K Fall, H O Adami, U Valdimarsdóttir
Background: The diagnosis of cancer is strongly associated with the risk of mental disorders even in patients with no previous history of mental disorders. Accumulating data suggest that mental distress may accelerate tumor progression. We hypothesized therefore that mental disorders after a cancer diagnosis may increase the risk of cancer-specific mortality. Patients and methods: We conducted a nationwide cohort study including 244 261 cancer patients diagnosed in Sweden during 2004-2009 and followed them through 2010...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498626/risk-of-labor-dystocia-increases-with-maternal-age-irrespective-of-parity-a-population-based-register-study
#20
Ulla Waldenström, Cecilia Ekéus
INTRODUCTION: Advanced maternal age is associated with labor dystocia (LD) in nulliparous women. This study investigates the age-related risk of LD in first, second and third births. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All live singleton cephalic births at term (≥ 37 gestational weeks) recorded in the Swedish Medical Birth Register from 1999 to 2011, except elective cesarean sections and fourth births and more, in total 998 675 pregnancies, were included in the study. LD was defined by International Classification of Diseases, version 10 codes (O620, O621, O622, O629, O630, O631 and O639)...
September 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
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