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Fast scan cyclic voltammetry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930994/measuring-in-vivo-changes-in-extracellular-neurotransmitters-during-naturally-rewarding-behaviors-in-female-syrian-hamsters
#1
Kelsey M Moore, Brett T Himmler, Benjamin A Teplitzky, Matthew D Johnson, Robert L Meisel
The ability to measure neurotransmitter release on a rapid time scale allows patterns of neurotransmission to be linked to specific behaviors or manipulations; a powerful tool in elucidating underlying mechanisms and circuitry. While the technique of microdialysis has been used for decades to measure nearly any analyte of interest in the brain, this technique is limited in temporal resolution. Alternatively, fast scan cyclic voltammetry is both temporally precise and extremely sensitive; however, because this technically difficult method relies on the electroactivity of the analyte of interest, the possibility to detect nonelectroactive substances (e...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918253/deep-brain-stimulation-of-the-medial-forebrain-bundle-elevates-striatal-dopamine-concentration-without-affecting-spontaneous-or-reward-induced-phasic-release
#2
Marianne Klanker, Matthijs Feenstra, Ingo Willuhn, Damiaan Denys
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the medial forebrain bundle (MFB) induces rapid improvement of depressive symptoms in patients suffering from treatment-refractory major depressive disorder. It has been hypothesized that activation of the dopamine (DA) system contributes to this effect. To investigate whether DBS in the MFB affects DA release in the striatum, we combined DBS with fast-scan cyclic voltammetry (FSCV) in freely moving rats. Animals were implanted with a stimulating electrode at the border of the MFB and the ventral tegmental area, and a FSCV microelectrode in the ventromedial striatum to monitor extracellular DA during the acute onset of DBS and subsequent continued stimulation...
September 13, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911630/nonenzymatic-glucose-sensor-based-on-disposable-pencil-graphite-electrode-modified-by-copper-nanoparticles
#3
Sima Pourbeyram, Khadijeh Mehdizadeh
A nonenzymatic glucose sensor based on a disposable pencil graphite electrode (PGE) modified by copper nanoparticles [Cu(NP)] was prepared for the first time. The prepared Cu(NP) exhibited an absorption peak centered at ∼562 nm using UV-visible spectrophotometry and an almost homogenous spherical shape by scanning electron microscopy. Cyclic voltammetry of Cu(NP)-PGE showed an adsorption controlled charge transfer process up to 90.0 mVs(-1). The sensor was applied for the determination of glucose using an amperometry technique with a detection limit of [0...
October 2016: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889259/an-ultrasensitive-and-selective-electrochemical-sensor-for-determination-of-estrone-3-sulfate-sodium-salt-based-on-molecularly-imprinted-polymer-modified-carbon-paste-electrode
#4
Han Song, Yuli Wang, Lu Zhang, Liping Tian, Jun Luo, Na Zhao, Yajie Han, Feilang Zhao, Xue Ying, Yingchun Li
A highly sensitive and selective electrochemical sensor based on carbon paste electrode (CPE) modified with molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) has been developed for the determination of estrone 3-sulfate sodium salt (ESS). MIPs were prepared in polar medium via bulk polymerization and characterized by scanning electron microscopy and infrared spectroscopy. Cyclic voltammetry was performed to the study preparation process and binding behavior of the MIP-modified CPE (MIP/CPE) toward ESS. The conditions for preparing MIPs and MIP/CPE as well as ESS detection were optimized...
September 9, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882695/effects-of-an-acute-therapeutic-or-rewarding-dose-of-amphetamine-on-acquisition-of-pavlovian-autoshaping-and-ventral-striatal-dopamine-signaling
#5
D R Schuweiler, J M Athens, J M Thompson, S T Vazhayil, P A Garris
Rewarding doses of amphetamine increase the amplitude, duration, and frequency of dopamine transients in the ventral striatum. Debate continues at the behavioral level about which component of reward, learning or incentive salience, is signaled by these dopamine transients and thus altered in addiction. The learning hypothesis proposes that rewarding drugs result in pathological overlearning of drug-predictive cues, while the incentive sensitization hypothesis suggests that rewarding drugs result in sensitized attribution of incentive salience to drug-predictive cues...
September 5, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866153/nonenzymatic-glucose-sensor-based-on-ag-pt-hollow-nanoparticles-supported-on-tio2-nanotubes
#6
Xiaojun Wang, Xiaoan Xia, Xiaogang Zhang, Weijia Meng, Chen Yuan, Meiqing Guo
This study was dedicated to develop a nonenzymatic glucose sensor based on Ag&Pt hollow nanoparticles supported on TiO2 nanotubes. The Ag&Pt-TiO2/(500°C) was synthesized by a simple reduction and galvanic replacement method in an aqueous solution. The surface morphology and structure of Ag&Pt-TiO2/(500°C) could be examined by transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectrometer. The mechanical behavior was measured by nanoindentation test and the hydropathy property was measured by contact angle test...
November 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795565/in-vivo-ambient-serotonin-measurements-at-carbon-fiber-microelectrodes
#7
Aya Abdalla, Christopher W Atcherley, Pavithra Pathirathna, Srimal Samaranayake, Beidi Qiang, Edsel Peña, Stephen L Morgan, Michael L Heien, Parastoo Hashemi
The mechanisms that control extracellular serotonin levels in vivo are not well-defined. This shortcoming makes it very challenging to diagnose and treat the many psychiatric disorders in which serotonin is implicated. Fast-scan cyclic voltammetry (FSCV) can measure rapid serotonin release and reuptake events but cannot report critically important ambient serotonin levels. In this Article, we use fast-scan controlled adsorption voltammetry (FSCAV), to measure serotonin's steady-state, extracellular chemistry...
September 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772968/co%C3%A2-o%C3%A2-cos-core-shell-nanosheets-on-carbon-cloth-for-high-performance-supercapacitor-electrodes
#8
Jinfeng Ning, Tianyu Zhang, Ying He, Congpu Jia, Petr Saha, Qilin Cheng
In this work, a two-step electrodeposition strategy is developed for the synthesis of core-shell Co₃O₄@CoS nanosheet arrays on carbon cloth (CC) for supercapacitor applications. Porous Co₃O₄ nanosheet arrays are first directly grown on CC by electrodeposition, followed by the coating of a thin layer of CoS on the surface of Co₃O₄ nanosheets via the secondary electrodeposition. The morphology control of the ternary composites can be easily achieved by altering the number of cyclic voltammetry (CV) cycles of CoS deposition...
June 1, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764016/electrodeposition-of-gold-nanoparticles-and-reduced-graphene-oxide-on-an-electrode-for-fast-and-sensitive-determination-of-methylmercury-in-fish
#9
Yiwei Xu, Wen Zhang, Jiyong Shi, Xiaobo Zou, Yanxiao Li, Tahir Haroon Elrasheid, Xiaowei Huang, Zhihua Li, Xiaodong Zhai, Xuetao Hu
Fish consumption is the main source of methylmercury (CH3Hg(+)) exposure for humans. In this study, gold nanoparticles and reduced graphene oxide (AuNPs-RGO) modified electrode was fabricated for determination of CH3Hg(+) in fish. The AuNPs-RGO composite was synthesized by electroreduction method. The composite was characterized by scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectra, X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. Electrochemical performance of the proposed sensor was studied by cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and differential pulse stripping voltammetry...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758383/single-organic-droplet-collision-voltammogram-via-electron-transfer-coupled-ion-transfer
#10
Cheng Liu, Pekka Peljo, Xinjian Huang, Wenxue Cheng, Lishi Wang, Haiqiang Deng
Single-emulsion toluene oil droplets (femtoliter) containing a hydrophobic redox probe that are dispersed in water stochastically collide with an ultramicroelectrode (UME). The fast-scan cyclic voltammetry (FSCV) or Fourier-transformed sinusoidal voltammetry (FTSV) is applied: the UME was scanned with a fast, repetitive triangular, or sinusoidal potential, and its current in time/frequency domains were monitored. The electron transfer at the UME/oil interface is coupled with ion transfer at the oil/water interface...
September 5, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715004/an-implantable-multimodal-sensor-for-oxygen-neurotransmitters-and-electrophysiology-during-spreading-depolarization-in-the-deep-brain
#11
Caddy N Hobbs, Justin A Johnson, Matthew D Verber, R Mark Wightman
Brain tissue injury is often accompanied by spreading depolarization (SD) events, marked by widespread cellular depolarization and cessation of neuronal firing. SD recruits viable tissue into the lesion, making it a focus for intervention. During SD, drastic fluctuations occur in ion gradients, extracellular neurotransmitter concentrations, cellular metabolism, and cerebral blood flow. Measuring SD requires a multimodal approach to capture the array of changes. However, the use of multiple sensors can inflict tissue damage...
August 7, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708061/locus-coeruleus-to-basolateral-amygdala-noradrenergic-projections-promote-anxiety-like-behavior
#12
Jordan G McCall, Edward R Siuda, Dionnet L Bhatti, Lamley A Lawson, Zoe A McElligott, Garret D Stuber, Michael R Bruchas
Increased tonic activity of locus coeruleus noradrenergic (LC-NE) neurons induces anxiety-like and aversive behavior. While some information is known about the afferent circuitry that endogenously drives this neural activity and behavior, the downstream receptors and anatomical projections that mediate these acute risk aversive behavioral states via the LC-NE system remain unresolved. Here we use a combination of retrograde tracing, fast-scan cyclic voltammetry, electrophysiology, and in vivo optogenetics with localized pharmacology to identify neural substrates downstream of increased tonic LC-NE activity in mice...
July 14, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667509/hypocretin-receptor-1-blockade-produces-bimodal-modulation-of-cocaine-associated-mesolimbic-dopamine-signaling
#13
K A Levy, Z D Brodnik, J K Shaw, D A Perrey, Y Zhang, R A España
RATIONALE: Cocaine addiction is a chronic psychiatric disorder characterized by pathological motivation to obtain cocaine and behavioral and neurochemical hypersensitivity to cocaine-associated cues. These features of cocaine addiction are thought to be driven by aberrant phasic dopamine signaling. We previously demonstrated that blockade of the hypocretin receptor 1 (HCRTr1) attenuates cocaine self-administration and reduces cocaine-induced enhancement of dopamine signaling. Despite this evidence, the effects of HCRTr1 blockade on endogenous phasic dopamine release are unknown...
June 30, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619545/blast-related-disinhibition-and-risk-seeking-in-mice-and-combat-veterans-potential-role-for-dysfunctional-phasic-dopamine-release
#14
A G Schindler, J S Meabon, K F Pagulayan, R C Hendrickson, K D Meeker, M Cline, G Li, C Sikkema, C W Wilkinson, D P Perl, M R Raskind, E R Peskind, J J Clark, D G Cook
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) caused by exposure to high explosives has been called the "signature injury" of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. There is a wide array of chronic neurological and behavioral symptoms associated with blast-induced mTBI. However, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Here we used a battlefield-relevant mouse model of blast-induced mTBI and in vivo fast-scan cyclic voltammetry (FSCV) to investigate whether the mesolimbic dopamine system contributes to the mechanisms underlying blast-induced behavioral dysfunction...
June 12, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617576/ex-vivo-measurement-of-electrically-evoked-dopamine-release-in-zebrafish-whole-brain
#15
Mimi Shin, Thomas M Field, Chase S Stucky, Mia N Furgurson, Michael A Johnson
Zebrafish (Danio rerio) have recently emerged as useful model organism for the study of neuronal function. Here, fast-scan cyclic voltammetry (FSCV) at carbon-fiber microelectrodes was used to measure locally evoked dopamine release and uptake in zebrafish whole brain preparations and results were compared with those obtained from brain slices. Evoked dopamine release ([DA]max) was similar in whole brain and sagittal brain slice preparations (0.49 ± 0.13 μM in whole brain and 0.59 ± 0.28 μM in brain slices)...
June 28, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605373/modeling-fast-scan-cyclic-voltammetry-data-from-electrically-stimulated-dopamine-neurotransmission-data-using-qnsim1-0
#16
Rashed Harun, Christine M Grassi, Miranda J Munoz, Amy K Wagner
Central dopaminergic (DAergic) pathways have an important role in a wide range of functions, such as attention, motivation, and movement. Dopamine (DA) is implicated in diseases and disorders including attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Parkinson's disease, and traumatic brain injury. Thus, DA neurotransmission and the methods to study it are of intense scientific interest. In vivo fast-scan cyclic voltammetry (FSCV) is a method that allows for selectively monitoring DA concentration changes with fine temporal and spatial resolution...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599176/a-highly-sensitive-immunosensor-based-on-ito-thin-films-covered-by-a-new-semi-conductive-conjugated-polymer-for-the-determination-of-tnf%C3%AE-in-human-saliva-and-serum-samples
#17
Elif Burcu Aydın, Muhammet Aydın, Mustafa Kemal Sezgintürk
A novel, ultrasensitive impedimetric immunosensor was constructed for the detection of tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) by using Poly(3-thiophene acetic acid) (P3), a conjugated polymer as an immobilization matrix. The polymer P3 contains a lot of carboxylic acid groups on its surface that provide a larger biorecognition surface. This developed immunosensor was prepared on hydroxy-bearing ITO surface via an ester bond linkage of polymer P3 to immobilize anti-TNF α antibodies. The ITO electrode modification steps and interaction between anti-TNF α antibody and TNF α antigen were monitored by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) method...
June 2, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597913/inherent-vulnerabilities-in-monoaminergic-pathways-predict-the-emergence-of-depressive-impairments-in-an-animal-model-of-chronic-epilepsy
#18
Jesús-Servando Medel-Matus, Don Shin, Raman Sankar, Andrey Mazarati
The objective was to determine whether the depression comorbid with epilepsy could be predicted based on inherent premorbid patterns of monoaminergic transmission. In male Wistar rats, despair-like and anhedonia-like behaviors were examined using forced swimming and taste preference tests, respectively. Serotonergic raphe nucleus (RN)-prefrontal cortex (PFC) and dopaminergic ventral tegmental area (VTA)-nucleus accumbens (NAcc) pathways were interrogated by fast scan cyclic voltammetry (FSCV). The assays were performed before and 2 months after pilocarpine status epilepticus...
August 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594540/noradrenergic-modulation-of-dopamine-transmission-evoked-by-electrical-stimulation-of-the-locus-coeruleus-in-the-rat-brain
#19
Jin W Park, Rohan V Bhimani, Jinwoo Park
Central norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA) are involved in a variety of physiological functions and behaviors. Accumulating evidence suggests that NE neurons originating from the locus coeruleus (LC) innervate DA neurons of the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and influence VTA-DA neural activity. However, the underlying mechanisms of how LC-NE regulates DA transmission via VTA-DA neurons remain largely unexplored. Herein, we investigated how electrical stimulation of the LC modulates VTA-DA neurotransmission in the nucleus accumbens (NAc)...
June 21, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593190/nucleus-accumbens-shell-dopamine-preferentially-tracks-information-related-to-outcome-value-of-reward
#20
Deirdre A Sackett, Michael P Saddoris, Regina M Carelli
Effective decision-making requires organisms to predict reward values and bias behavior toward the best available option. The mesolimbic dopamine system, including the nucleus accumbens (NAc) shell and core, is involved in this process. Although studies support a role of the shell and core in specific aspects of decision-making (e.g., risk, effort, delay), no studies have directly compared dopamine release dynamics in these subregions to cues exclusively signaling the availability of different reward magnitudes...
May 2017: ENeuro
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