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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747000/response-of-soil-dissolved-organic-matter-to-microplastic-addition-in-chinese-loess-soil
#1
Hongfei Liu, Xiaomei Yang, Guobin Liu, Chutao Liang, Sha Xue, Hao Chen, Coen J Ritsema, Violette Geissen
Plastic debris is accumulating in agricultural land due to the increased use of plastic mulches, which is causing serious environmental problems, especially for biochemical and physical properties of the soil. Dissolved organic matter (DOM) plays a central role in driving soil biogeochemistry, but little information is available on the effects of plastic residues, especially microplastic, on soil DOM. We conducted a soil-incubation experiment in a climate-controlled chamber with three levels of microplastic added to loess soil collected from the Loess Plateau in China: 0% (control, CK), 7% (M1) and 28% (M2) (w/w)...
July 18, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702673/unexpected-thermal-annealing-effects-on-the-viscosity-of-polymer-nanocomposites
#2
Fei Chen, Koshu Takatsuji, Dan Zhao, Xuanji Yu, Sanat K Kumar, Ophelia K C Tsui
The effects of thermal annealing, 12-50 K above the glass transition temperature, on the zero-shear viscosity, η, of polymer nanocomposites (PNCs) and the corresponding host polymers were studied. For all specimens, including neat and 4 wt% dioctyl phthalate (DOP)-plasticized polystyrene (PS), neat poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), and PNCs containing bare and grafted silica nanoparticles in neat and DOP-plasticized PS, the η increased with time initially, and only asymptotically approached a steady-state value after thermal annealing for ∼100 to ∼200 h...
July 12, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699350/analgesic-properties-of-opioid-nk1-multitarget-ligands-with-distinct-in-vitro-profiles-in-naive-and-chronic-constriction-injury-cci-mice
#3
Joanna Starnowska, Roberto Costante, Karel Guillemyn, Katarzyna Popiolek-Barczyk, Nga N Chung, Carole Lemieux, Attila Keresztes, Joost Van Duppen, Adriano Mollica, John M Streicher, Jozef Vanden Broeck, Peter W Schiller, Dirk Tourwé, Joanna Mika, Steven Ballet, Barbara Przewlocka
The lower efficacy of opioids in neuropathic pain may be due to the increased activity of pronociceptive systems such as substance P. We present evidence to support this hypothesis in this work from the spinal cord in a neuropathic pain model in mice. Biochemical analysis confirmed the elevated mRNA and protein level of pronociceptive substance P, the major endogenous ligand of the neurokinin-1 (NK1) receptor, in the lumbar spinal cord of chronic constriction injury (CCI)-mice. To improve opioid efficacy in neuropathic pain, novel compounds containing opioid agonist and neurokinin 1 (NK1) receptor antagonist pharmacophores were designed...
July 12, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694507/a-novel-highly-sensitive-no2-sensor-based-on-perovskite-na0-5-xbi0-5tio3-%C3%AE-electrolyte
#4
Yihong Xiao, Chufan Zhang, Xu Zhang, Guohui Cai, Yong Zheng, Ying Zheng, Fulan Zhong, Lilong Jiang
NOx is one of dangerous air pollutants, and the demands for reliable sensors to detect NOx are extremely urgent recently. Conventional fluorite-phase YSZ used for NOx sensor requires higher operating temperature to obtain desirable oxygen ion conductivity. In this work, perovskite-phase Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 (NBT) oxygen conductor was chosen as the solid electrolyte to fabricate a novel highly sensitive NO2 sensor with CuO as the sensing electrode and Pt as reference electrode. Na dopped Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 greatly improved the sensing performance of this sensor...
July 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693513/multiplier-method-may-be-unreliable-to-predict-the-timing-of-temporary-hemiepiphysiodesis-for-coronal-angular-deformity
#5
REVIEW
Zhenkai Wu, Jing Ding, Dahang Zhao, Li Zhao, Hai Li, Jianlin Liu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSES: The multiplier method was introduced by Paley to calculate the timing for temporary hemiepiphysiodesis. However, this method has not been verified in terms of clinical outcome measure. We aimed to (1) predict the rate of angular correction per year (ACPY) at the various corresponding ages by means of multiplier method and verify the reliability based on the data from the published studies and (2) screen out risk factors for deviation of prediction. METHODS: A comprehensive search was performed in the following electronic databases: Cochrane, PubMed, and EMBASE™...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684298/polysaccharides-of-dendrobium-officinale-kimura-migo-protect-gastric-mucosal-cell-against-oxidative-damage-induced-apoptosis-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#6
Qiang Zeng, Chun-Hay Ko, Wing-Sum Siu, Long-Fei Li, Xiao-Qiang Han, Liu Yang, Clara Bik-San Lau, Jiang-Miao Hu, Ping-Chung Leung
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Dendrobium officinale Kimura & Migo (DO) is a valuable Traditional Chinese Medicine to nourish stomach, in which polysaccharides are identified as active ingredients. However, limited scientific evidences have been reported on the gastroprotective efficacy of DO. The aim of the current study was to investigate the protective effects and underlying mechanism of polysaccharides from DO(DOP) on gastric mucosal injury. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For in vitro study, HFE145 cells were pretreated with DOP before induction of cell apoptosis by H2O2...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655359/on-the-appropriate-use-and-interpretation-of-dietary-diversity-scores-response-to-farm-production-diversity-and-individual-level-dietary-diversity-by-koppmair-and-qaim
#7
Eric O Verger, Andrew D Jones, Marie-Claude Dop, Yves Martin-Prével
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649842/lipo-oligomer-nanoformulations-for-targeted-intracellular-protein-delivery
#8
Peng Zhang, Benjamin Steinborn, Ulrich Lächelt, Stefan Zahler, Ernst Wagner
Here, we report novel lipo-oligoaminoamide nanoformulations for targeted intracellular protein delivery. Formulations are generated by first bioreversibly conjugating a sequence-defined amphiphilic lipo-oligomer 728 to the cargo protein via disulfide bonds, followed by formulation of the formed 728-SS-protein conjugate with different helper lipids in various compositions. The triblock oligoaminoamide 728 contains cysteines for reversible covalent protein conjugation and cross-link-stabilization of formed nanoparticles, polyethylene glycol (PEG) for shielding, and providing a hydrophilic domain, eight cationizable succinoyl tetraethylene pentamine (Stp) repeats for endosomal buffering and escape into the cytosol, and a tetra-oleic acid block for hydrophobic stabilization...
July 10, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647876/characteristics-and-effects-of-dissolved-organic-phosphorus-from-different-sources-on-the-water-quality-of-erhai-lake-in-southwest-china
#9
Ningning Ji, Shengrui Wang, Li Zhang, Zhaokui Ni
To establish the influence of dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP) from different sources on the water quality of Erhai Lake in August 2014, enzymatic hydrolysis technology was used to characterize enzymatically hydrolyzable phosphorus (EHP). The results indicate that the DOP represents a significant source of the bioavailable P in the lake water and its different sources of Erhai Lake, and the bioavailability of the P pool may be underestimated by up to 55% if DOP is ignored and only the soluble-reactive phosphorus (SRP) is considered...
June 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636344/ruthenium-complexes-are-ph-activated-metallo-prodrugs-phamps-with-light-triggered-selective-toxicity-toward-cancer-cells
#10
Fengrui Qu, Seungjo Park, Kristina Martinez, Jessica L Gray, Fathima Shazna Thowfeik, John A Lundeen, Ashley E Kuhn, David J Charboneau, Deidra L Gerlach, Molly M Lockart, James A Law, Katherine L Jernigan, Nicole Chambers, Matthias Zeller, Nicholas A Piro, W Scott Kassel, Russell H Schmehl, Jared J Paul, Edward J Merino, Yonghyun Kim, Elizabeth T Papish
Metallo prodrugs that take advantage of the inherent acidity surrounding cancer cells have yet to be developed. We report a new class of pH-activated metallo prodrugs (pHAMPs) that are activated by light- and pH-triggered ligand dissociation. These ruthenium complexes take advantage of a key characteristic of cancer cells and hypoxic solid tumors (acidity) that can be exploited to lessen the side effects of chemotherapy. Five ruthenium complexes of the type [(N,N)2Ru(PL)](2+) were synthesized, fully characterized, and tested for cytotoxicity in cell culture (1A: N,N = 2,2'-bipyridine (bipy) and PL, the photolabile ligand, = 6,6'-dihydroxybipyridine (6,6'-dhbp); 2A: N,N = 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) and PL = 6,6'-dhbp; 3A: N,N = 2,3-dihydro-[1,4]dioxino[2,3-f][1,10]phenanthroline (dop) and PL = 6,6'-dhbp; 4A: N,N = bipy and PL = 4,4'-dimethyl-6,6'-dihydroxybipyridine (dmdhbp); 5A: N,N = 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) and PL = 4,4'-dihydroxybipyridine (4,4'-dhbp)...
June 21, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605872/characteristics-of-dissolved-organic-phosphorus-inputs-to-freshwater-lakes-a-case-study-of-lake-erhai-southwest-china
#11
Ningning Ji, Shengrui Wang, Li Zhang
In this study, we made the first estimate of the annual dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP) load to Lake Erhai, a typical mesotrophic-eutrophic lake in China. We also evaluated what proportion of DOP was bioavailable using enzymatically hydrolyzable phosphorus (EHP), and further assessed the potential impacts of DOP on lake water quality. We estimated that the annual DOP load into Lake Erhai accounted for nearly 50% of total dissolved phosphorus, while EHP accounted for about 30% of the bioavailable phosphorus (BAP) pool...
June 8, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587963/a-polysaccharide-of-dendrobium-officinale-ameliorates-h2o2-induced-apoptosis-in-h9c2-cardiomyocytes-via-pi3k-akt-and-mapk-pathways
#12
Jing-Yi Zhang, Ying Guo, Jin-Ping Si, Xiao-Bo Sun, Gui-Bo Sun, Jing-Jing Liu
Dendrobium officinale is one valuable traditional Chinese medicine, which has skyscraping medicinal value. Polysaccharide is the main active ingredient in D. officinale; its antioxidant activity is a hot research topic nowadays. Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathological progress of a variety of cardiovascular disease, as one of key factors of cardiomyocyte apoptosis. This research adopts a model of H2O2 induction-H9c2 cardiomyocytes apoptosis, aiming to study the effect of Dendrobium officinale Polysaccharide (DOP-GY) for cardiomyocyte apoptosis caused by oxidative stress and its possible mechanism...
June 3, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548660/transcriptomic-and-micrornaomic-profiling-reveals-multi-faceted-mechanisms-to-cope-with-phosphate-stress-in-a-dinoflagellate
#13
Xinguo Shi, Xin Lin, Ling Li, Meizhen Li, Brian Palenik, Senjie Lin
Although gene regulation can occur at both transcriptional and epigenetic (microRNA) levels, combined transcriptomic and microRNAomic responses to environmental stress are still largely unexplored for marine plankton. Here, we conducted transcriptome and microRNAome sequencing for Prorocentrum donghaiense to understand the molecular mechanisms by which this dinoflagellate copes with phosphorus (P) deficiency. Under P-depleted conditions, G1/S specific cyclin gene was markedly downregulated, consistent with growth inhibition, and genes related to dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP) hydrolysis, carbon fixation, nitrate assimilation, glycolysis, and cellular motility were upregulated...
May 26, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521220/synthesis-of-ordered-mesoporous-la2o3-zro2-composites-with-encapsulated-pt-nps-and-the-effect-of-la-dopping-on-catalytic-activity
#14
Yan Gao, Yiwei Zhang, Yuming Zhou, Chao Zhang, Hongxing Zhang, Shuo Zhao, Jiasheng Fang, Mengqiu Huang, Xiaoli Sheng
In this work, we report a feasible approach to synthesize a ternary nanocomposites, Pt/lanthanum doped mesoporous zirconium oxide (Pt/La2O3-ZrO2), via an effective two-step method. Ordered mesoporous La2O3-ZrO2 composites were firstly fabricated with mesoporous silica KIT-6 as a hard template. Subsequently, uniform Pt nanoparticles encapsulated by 4 hydroxyl-terminated poly (amidoamine) (G4-OH PAMAM) dendrimers were deposited on the La2O3-ZrO2 composites. The as-prepared samples were characterized by transmission electron microscope (TEM), N2 adsorption-desorption isotherm analysis, energy dispersion X-ray analysis (EDX), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and temperature programmed reduction (H2-TPR)...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505508/phosphatase-activities-of-a-microepiphytic-community-during-a-bloom-of-ostreopsis-cf-ovata-in-the-northern-adriatic-sea
#15
Stefano Accoroni, Cecilia Totti, Emanuela Razza, Roberta Congestri, Alessandra Campanelli, Mauro Marini, Neil Thomas William Ellwood
It is becoming more apparent that increased organic nutrient loads deriving from anthropogenic activities and natural processes frequently cause the eutrophication of coastal waters. Concurrently, an increasing number of phototrophs have been shown to make use of organic nutrients, mainly through indirect studies of surface enzyme activities or through direct studies of growth in media containing organic-only nutrients. The potential utilization of dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP) by microepiphytic-mats associated with frequently problematic, toxic dinoflagellate Ostreopsis cf...
May 8, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468337/spectralon-spatial-depolarization-towards-an-intrinsic-characterization-using-a-novel-phase-shift-distribution-analysis
#16
Jan Dupont, Xavier Orlik, Romain Ceolato, Thibault Dartigalongue
Spectralons are reference radiometric samples which exhibit a calibrated reflectance. However, in case of low reflectance samples, the degree of polarization (DOP) of scattered light is hard to characterize. Here, an accurate determination of spectralon spatial depolarization is proposed. Based on a spatially resolved polarimetric imaging system, the polarization state of the scattered light is characterized for every pixel. A statistic distribution analysis is carried out over the entire image. The relative phase shift distribution between two orthogonal components of the scattered electric field clearly exhibits a high sensitivity to the reflectance, the phase statistics following a circular Voigt profile...
May 1, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464102/effects-of-feeding-different-levels-of-dried-orange-pulp-and-recycled-poultry-bedding-on-the-performance-of-fattening-lambs
#17
Z Tadayon, Y Rouzbehan, J Rezaei
The effects of dietary feeding different levels of recycled poultry bedding (RPB) and dried orange pulp (DOP) on the performance of fattening Shal lambs (initial BW of 28 ± 2.2 kg) were assessed using a factorial experiment (2 × 3) with a completely randomized design. Six diets, containing different levels of RPB (0 or 160 g/kg of DM) and DOP (0, 110, or 220 g/kg of DM), were randomly assigned to 6 groups of 6 lambs each for a 74-d period (14 d for adaptation and 60 d for data collection). Diets were offered as total mixed ration to ensure 10% of orts...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463256/multiplexed-polarization-otdr-system-with-high-dop-and-ability-of-multi-event-detection
#18
Xuefeng Wang, Chaodong Wang, Ming Tang, Songnian Fu, Perry Shum
A novel polarization optical time domain reflectometry (POTDR) with high degree of polarization is proposed for multi-event detection. By employing multiple 2×2 optical fiber couplers and fiber mirrors, an arbitrary number and customized length of sensing fiber can be multiplexed into the system without modification of the other components, e.g., the light source, photodetector, signal processing device, etc. More importantly, the signal-to-noise ratio of this system is significantly improved, and the temporal depolarization effect can be almost completely suppressed...
May 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460566/recognition-dynamics-of-dopamine-to-human-monoamine-oxidase-b-role-of-leu171-gln206-and-conserved-water-molecules-in-the-active-site-cavity
#19
Subrata Dasgupta, Soumita Mukherjee, Bishnu P Mukhopadhyay, Avik Banerjee, Deepak K Mishra
The human Monoamine oxidase (hMAO) metabolizes several biogenic amine neurotransmitters and is involved in different neurological disorders. Extensive MD simulation studies of dopamine-docked hMAO B structures have revealed the stabilization of amino-terminal of the substrate by a direct and water-mediated interaction of catalytic tyrosines, Gln206, and Leu171 residues. The catechol ring of the substrate is stabilized by Leu171(C-H)⋯π(Dop)⋯(H-C) Ile199 interaction. Several conserved water molecules are observed to play a role in the recognition of substrate to the enzyme, where W1 and W2 associate in dopamine- FAD interaction, reversible dynamics of W3 and W4 influenced the coupling of Tyr435 to Trp432 and FAD, and W5 and W8 stabilized the catalytic Tyr188/398 residues...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454075/a-novel-highly-sensitive-selective-reversible-and-turn-on-chemi-sensor-based-on-schiff-base-for-rapid-detection-of-cu-ii
#20
Sayed M Saleh, Reham Ali, Ibrahim A I Ali
In this work, a novel optical fluoro-chemisensor was designed and synthesized for copper (II) ions detection. The sensor film is created by embedded N,N-Bis(2-hydroxo-5-bromobenzyl)ethylenediamine in poly vinyl chloride (PVC) film in presence of dioctyl phthalate (DOP) as plasticizer. The receptor Schiff base reveals "off-on" mode with high selectivity, significant sensitivity to Cu(II) ions. The selectivity of optical sensor for Cu(II) ions is the result of chelation enhanced fluorescence (CHEF). The optimal conditions of pH and response time at which higher efficiency of sensor film is performed was found to be 6...
April 20, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
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