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hypertension and diabetis

Mara Graziele Maciel Silveira, Antônio Carlos Sobral Sousa, Marcos Antônio Almeida Santos, Irlaneide da Silva Tavares, Stephanie Macedo Andrade, Luiza Dantas Melo, Loren Suyane Oliveira de Andrade, Emmanuel Lima Almeida Santos, Joselina Luzia Menezes Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Physical stress echocardiography is an established methodology for diagnosis and risk stratification of coronary artery disease in patients with physical capacity. In obese (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2) the usefulness of pharmacological stress echocardiography has been demonstrated; however, has not been reported the use of physical stress echocardiography in this growing population group. OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of myocardial ischemia in obese and non-obese patients undergoing physical stress echocardiography and compare their clinical and echocardiographic differences...
May 2015: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
R K Vinod, M Shashikala, K P Suresh
The objectives of the study were to determine dyslipidaemia prevalence in first episode coronary heart disease cases and to determine the pattern of distribution of risk factors in this temporal relationship. This hospital based retrospective cohort study was conducted at Basaveshwara Teaching Hospital, Gulbarga, during January 2012. Data for the 3 year period (January 2005-December 2007) were collected from the case sheets of cardiac care unit admissions. Out of the 1,373 admissions to the cardiac care unit over the 36 months period, 462 case sheets were examined as these were the ones with first episode coronary heart disease aetiology...
June 2013: Journal of the Indian Medical Association
Ernest Palomeras Soler, Virgina Casado Ruiz
Cerebral ischemia and ischemic heart diseases, common entities nowadays, are the main manifestation of circulatory diseases. Cardiovascular diseases, followed by stroke, represent the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Both entities share risk factors, pathophisiology and etiologic aspects by means of a main common mechanism, atherosclerosis. However, each entity has its own particularities. Ischemic stroke shows a variety of pathogenic mechanisms not present in ischemic heart disease. An ischemic stroke increases the risk of suffering a coronary heart disease, and viceversa...
August 2010: Current Cardiology Reviews
Chieh-fu Chen, Ya-dong Li, Zhe Xu
The bioactive principles contained in blueberries (Vaccinium) are various kind of anthocyanins (anthocyanidins, or phenolic aglycone, conjugated with sugar), chlorogenic acid, flavonids, alpha-linolenic acid, pterostilbene, resveratrol, and vitamins. After oral administration, anthocyanins can pass through blood-brain barrier and thus appear in various organs and brain. Improve visual function by increasing rhodopsin regeneration and ocular health is the earliest reported bioactivities of anthocyanin. Recent studies demonstrated the benefit of blueberries to prevent the age-related chronic diseases such as cancer, diabeties, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, neurodegeneration, obesity, and osteoporosis through its apoptosis, antioxidant, antiinflammation, and antiangiogenesis effects...
April 2010: Yao Xue Xue Bao, Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica
S A Al-Shammari, T A Khoja, M A Al-Maatouq
Attendees of 15 health centers in urban and rural areas in the Riyadh region were screened for obesity during May and June 1994. Systemic selection yielded 1580 Saudi males for analysis. The mean age was 33.6 +/- 13.5 years and body mass index (BMI) was 26.9 +/- 5.7 kg/m(2). Only 36.6% of subjects were their ideal weight (BMI < 25 kg/m(2)), while 34.8% were overweight (BMI 25-29.9 kg/m(2)), 26.9% were moderately obese (BMI 30-40 kg/m(2)) and 1.7% were morbidly obese (BMI > 40 kg/m(2)). Middle age, lower education and joblessness predicted a higher risk for obesity...
May 1996: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Atsushi Yoshinaga, Tetsuo Hayashi, Soichiro Yoshida, Rena Ohno, Nobuyuki Ishii, Toshiya Terao, Toru Watanabe, Takumi Yamada
We compared the prevalence of concurrent diseases (diabetes mellitus, hypertension, ischemic heart diseases and apoplexy) in patients with renal cell carcinoma, bladder carcinoma and prostatic carcinoma diagnosed in our department with that in all patients in our department analyzed using Mantel-Haenszel regression. In hypertension, there was a significantly high prevalence of patients with renal cell carcinoma (p < 0.05) in males and females, and prostatic carcinoma (p < 0.05). In diabetis mellitus, ischemic heart diseases and apoplexy, no apparent characteristic of prevalence was recognized...
July 2006: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
L J Lin, J L Lin, W C Tsai, J K Teng, L M Tsai, J H Chen
In order to assess the incidence of significant venous thrombosis after transvenous permanent pacemaker implantation, transcutaneous ultrasound studies were performed in 109 consecutive patients with single-polyurethane-lead pacemakers. Ultrasonic evaluation was found to be a good noninvasive method in assessing the veins. Six patients (5.5%) were found to have significant venous obstruction in the subclavian vein. However, none of them were symptomatic. No difference in the incidence of venous obstruction was found, based on the age, duration of implantation, operative technique, potentially thrombogenic factors including atrial fibrillation, diabeties mellitus, hypertension, heart failure and end-stage renal disease...
February 1998: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
A Strata, U Zuliani, S Caronna, G Magnati, C Pugnoli, F Tirelli
Epidemiological aspects of obesity have been the object of few studies in Italy, and the results of these are reviewed and compared with those obtained in other developed countries. The prevalence of obesity has been investigated in pre-school and school-age children, in young conscripts and in workers at the Riuniti Hospital in Parma, and the results show that the problem of obesity in Italy is a serious one. More than 2000 obese subjects, attending the First Medical Clinic of Parma University, have been studied to establish how far overweight is responsible for pathological and disabling complications...
1977: International Journal of Obesity
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