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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147057/lessons-learnt-during-20-years-of-the-swedish-strategic-programme-against-antibiotic-resistance
#1
Sigvard Mölstad, Sonja Löfmark, Karin Carlin, Mats Erntell, Olov Aspevall, Lars Blad, Håkan Hanberger, Katarina Hedin, Jenny Hellman, Christer Norman, Gunilla Skoog, Cecilia Stålsby-Lundborg, Karin Tegmark Wisell, Christina Åhrén, Otto Cars
Increasing use of antibiotics and rising levels of bacterial resistance to antibiotics are a challenge to global health and development. Successful initiatives for containing the problem need to be communicated and disseminated. In Sweden, a rapid spread of resistant pneumococci in the southern part of the country triggered the formation of the Swedish strategic programme against antibiotic resistance, also known as Strama, in 1995. The creation of the programme was an important starting point for long-term coordinated efforts to tackle antibiotic resistance in the country...
November 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146771/odor-source-localization-in-complex-visual-environments-by-fruit-flies
#2
Nitesh Saxena, Dinesh Natesan, Sanjay P Sane
Flying insects routinely forage in complex and cluttered sensory environments. Their search for a food or a pheromone source typically begins with a whiff of odor, which triggers a flight response, eventually bringing the insect near the odor source. However, pinpointing the precise location of an odor source requires use of both visual and olfactory modalities, aided by odor plumes. Here, we investigated odor-tracking behavior in fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) presented with low- or high-contrast visual landmarks, either paired with or separate from an attractive odor cue...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139223/dosimetric-effects-of-intrafractional-isocenter-variation-during-deep-inspiration-breath-hold-for-breast-cancer-patients-using-surface-guided-radiotherapy
#3
Malin Kügele, Anneli Edvardsson, Lovisa Berg, Sara Alkner, Carina Andersson Ljus, Sofie Ceberg
The aim of this study was to investigate potential dose reductions to the heart, left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD), and ipsilateral lung for left-sided breast cancer using visually guided deep inspiration breath-hold (DIBH) with the optical surface scanning system Catalyst™, and how these potential dosimetric benefits are affected by intrafractional motion in between breath holds. For both DIBH and free breathing (FB), treatment plans were created for 20 tangential and 20 locoregional left-sided breast cancer patients...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137172/fluorescent-magnetopolymersomes-a-theranostic-platform-to-track-intracellular-delivery
#4
Oliver Bixner, Noga Gal, Christoph Zaba, Andrea Scheberl, Erik Reimhult
We present a potential theranostic delivery platform based on the amphiphilic diblock copolymer polybutadiene-block-poly (ethylene oxide) combining covalent fluorescent labeling and membrane incorporation of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles for multimodal imaging. A simple self-assembly and labeling approach to create the fluorescent and magnetic vesicles is described. Cell uptake of the densely PEGylated polymer vesicles could be altered by surface modifications that vary surface charge and accessibility of the membrane active species...
November 13, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119808/early-warning-and-track-and-trigger-systems-for-newborn-infants-a-review
#5
Nicolay Mortensen, Johan Henrik Augustsson, Jorunn Ulriksen, Unni Tveit Hinna, Georg M Schmölzer, Anne Lee Solevåg
Tools for clinical assessment and escalation of observation and treatment are insufficiently established in the newborn population. We aimed to provide an overview over early warning- and track and trigger systems for newborn infants and performed a nonsystematic review based on a search in Medline and Cinahl until November 2015. Search terms included 'infant, newborn', 'early warning score', and 'track and trigger'. Experts in the field were contacted for identification of unpublished systems. Outcome measures included reference values for physiological parameters including respiratory rate and heart rate, and ways of quantifying the extent of deviations from the reference...
March 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107801/linear-infrastructure-impacts-on-landscape-hydrology
#6
Keren G Raiter, Suzanne M Prober, Hugh P Possingham, Fiona Westcott, Richard J Hobbs
The extent of roads and other forms of linear infrastructure is burgeoning worldwide, but their impacts are inadequately understood and thus poorly mitigated. Previous studies have identified many potential impacts, including alterations to the hydrological functions and soil processes upon which ecosystems depend. However, these impacts have seldom been quantified at a regional level, particularly in arid and semi-arid systems where the gap in knowledge is the greatest, and impacts potentially the most severe...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107332/neuronal-representation-of-social-information-in-the-medial-amygdala-of-awake-behaving-mice
#7
Ying Li, Alexander Mathis, Benjamin F Grewe, Jessica A Osterhout, Biafra Ahanonu, Mark J Schnitzer, Venkatesh N Murthy, Catherine Dulac
The medial amygdala (MeA) plays a critical role in processing species- and sex-specific signals that trigger social and defensive behaviors. However, the principles by which this deep brain structure encodes social information is poorly understood. We used a miniature microscope to image the Ca(2+) dynamics of large neural ensembles in awake behaving mice and tracked the responses of MeA neurons over several months. These recordings revealed spatially intermingled subsets of MeA neurons with distinct temporal dynamics...
November 16, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101661/stuck-at-the-starting-line-how-the-starting-procedure-influences-mouse-tracking-data
#8
Stefan Scherbaum, Pascal J Kieslich
Mouse-tracking is an increasingly popular method to trace cognitive processes. As is common for a novel method, the exact methodological procedures employed in an individual study are still relatively idiosyncratic and the effects of different methodological setups on mouse-tracking measures have not been explored so far. Here, we study the impact of one commonly occurring methodological variation, namely whether participants have to initiate their mouse movements to trigger stimulus presentation (dynamic starting condition) or whether the stimulus is presented automatically after a fixed delay and participants can freely decide when to initiate their movements (static starting condition)...
November 3, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099172/a-target-triggered-dnazyme-motor-enabling-homogeneous-amplified-detection-of-proteins
#9
Junbo Chen, Albert Zuehlke, Bin Deng, Hanyong Peng, Xiandeng Hou, Hongquan Zhang
We report here the concept of a self-powered, target-triggered DNA motor constructed by engineering a DNAzyme to adapt into binding-induced DNA assembly. An affinity ligand was attached to the DNAzyme motor via a DNA spacer, and a second affinity ligand was conjugated to the gold nanoparticle (AuNP) that was also decorated with hundreds of substrate strands serving as a high-density, three-dimensional track for the DNAzyme motor. Binding of a target molecule to the two ligands induced hybridization between the DNAzyme and its substrate on the AuNP, which are otherwise unable to spontaneously hybridize...
November 15, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094536/undertaking-an-accurate-and-comprehensive-assessment-of-the-acutely-ill-adult
#10
Paula Mayo
Accurate assessment of the acutely ill adult who has recently been admitted to hospital, or an inpatient whose condition begins to deteriorate, is becoming a required skill for nurses as people live longer and with a variety of complex conditions, and as nursing skills continue to evolve and develop. This article emphasises the importance of undertaking an accurate and comprehensive patient assessment to ensure that management strategies are implemented in a timely manner. The article also considers the importance of the National Early Warning Score (NEWS), which is a 'track-and-trigger' tool designed to identify patients who are at risk of deterioration...
October 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081711/performance-of-the-atlas-track-reconstruction-algorithms-in-dense-environments-in-lhc-run-2
#11
M Aaboud, G Aad, B Abbott, J Abdallah, O Abdinov, B Abeloos, S H Abidi, O S AbouZeid, N L Abraham, H Abramowicz, H Abreu, R Abreu, Y Abulaiti, B S Acharya, S Adachi, L Adamczyk, J Adelman, M Adersberger, T Adye, A A Affolder, T Agatonovic-Jovin, C Agheorghiesei, J A Aguilar-Saavedra, S P Ahlen, F Ahmadov, G Aielli, S Akatsuka, H Akerstedt, T P A Åkesson, A V Akimov, G L Alberghi, J Albert, P Albicocco, M J Alconada Verzini, M Aleksa, I N Aleksandrov, C Alexa, G Alexander, T Alexopoulos, M Alhroob, B Ali, M Aliev, G Alimonti, J Alison, S P Alkire, B M M Allbrooke, B W Allen, P P Allport, A Aloisio, A Alonso, F Alonso, C Alpigiani, A A Alshehri, M Alstaty, B Alvarez Gonzalez, D Álvarez Piqueras, M G Alviggi, B T Amadio, Y Amaral Coutinho, C Amelung, D Amidei, S P Amor Dos Santos, A Amorim, S Amoroso, G Amundsen, C Anastopoulos, L S Ancu, N Andari, T Andeen, C F Anders, J K Anders, K J Anderson, A Andreazza, V Andrei, S Angelidakis, I Angelozzi, A Angerami, A V Anisenkov, N Anjos, A Annovi, C Antel, M Antonelli, A Antonov, D J Antrim, F Anulli, M Aoki, L Aperio Bella, G Arabidze, Y Arai, J P Araque, V Araujo Ferraz, A T H Arce, R E Ardell, F A Arduh, J-F Arguin, S Argyropoulos, M Arik, A J Armbruster, L J Armitage, O Arnaez, H Arnold, M Arratia, O Arslan, A Artamonov, G Artoni, S Artz, S Asai, N Asbah, A Ashkenazi, L Asquith, K Assamagan, R Astalos, M Atkinson, N B Atlay, K Augsten, G Avolio, B Axen, M K Ayoub, G Azuelos, A E Baas, M J Baca, H Bachacou, K Bachas, M Backes, M Backhaus, P Bagnaia, H Bahrasemani, J T Baines, M Bajic, O K Baker, E M Baldin, P Balek, F Balli, W K Balunas, E Banas, Sw Banerjee, A A E Bannoura, L Barak, E L Barberio, D Barberis, M Barbero, T Barillari, M-S Barisits, T Barklow, N Barlow, S L Barnes, B M Barnett, R M Barnett, Z Barnovska-Blenessy, A Baroncelli, G Barone, A J Barr, L Barranco Navarro, F Barreiro, J Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, R Bartoldus, A E Barton, P Bartos, A Basalaev, A Bassalat, R L Bates, S J Batista, J R Batley, M Battaglia, M Bauce, F Bauer, H S Bawa, J B Beacham, M D Beattie, T Beau, P H Beauchemin, P Bechtle, H P Beck, K Becker, M Becker, M Beckingham, C Becot, A J Beddall, A Beddall, V A Bednyakov, M Bedognetti, C P Bee, T A Beermann, M Begalli, M Begel, J K Behr, A S Bell, G Bella, L Bellagamba, A Bellerive, M Bellomo, K Belotskiy, O Beltramello, N L Belyaev, O Benary, D Benchekroun, M Bender, K Bendtz, N Benekos, Y Benhammou, E Benhar Noccioli, J Benitez, D P Benjamin, M Benoit, J R Bensinger, S Bentvelsen, L Beresford, M Beretta, D Berge, E Bergeaas Kuutmann, N Berger, J Beringer, S Berlendis, N R Bernard, G Bernardi, C Bernius, F U Bernlochner, T Berry, P Berta, C Bertella, G Bertoli, F Bertolucci, I A Bertram, C Bertsche, D Bertsche, G J Besjes, O Bessidskaia Bylund, M Bessner, N Besson, C Betancourt, A Bethani, S Bethke, A J Bevan, J Beyer, R M Bianchi, O Biebel, D Biedermann, R Bielski, N V Biesuz, M Biglietti, T R V Billoud, H Bilokon, M Bindi, A Bingul, C Bini, S Biondi, T Bisanz, C Bittrich, D M Bjergaard, C W Black, J E Black, K M Black, R E Blair, T Blazek, I Bloch, C Blocker, A Blue, W Blum, U Blumenschein, S Blunier, G J Bobbink, V S Bobrovnikov, S S Bocchetta, A Bocci, C Bock, M Boehler, D Boerner, D Bogavac, A G Bogdanchikov, C Bohm, V Boisvert, P Bokan, T Bold, A S Boldyrev, A E Bolz, M Bomben, M Bona, M Boonekamp, A Borisov, G Borissov, J Bortfeldt, D Bortoletto, V Bortolotto, D Boscherini, M Bosman, J D Bossio Sola, J Boudreau, J Bouffard, E V Bouhova-Thacker, D Boumediene, C Bourdarios, S K Boutle, A Boveia, J Boyd, I R Boyko, J Bracinik, A Brandt, G Brandt, O Brandt, U Bratzler, B Brau, J E Brau, W D Breaden Madden, K Brendlinger, A J Brennan, L Brenner, R Brenner, S Bressler, D L Briglin, T M Bristow, D Britton, D Britzger, F M Brochu, I Brock, R Brock, G Brooijmans, T Brooks, W K Brooks, J Brosamer, E Brost, J H Broughton, P A Bruckman de Renstrom, D Bruncko, A Bruni, G Bruni, L S Bruni, B H Brunt, M Bruschi, N Bruscino, P Bryant, L Bryngemark, T Buanes, Q Buat, P Buchholz, A G Buckley, I A Budagov, F Buehrer, M K Bugge, O Bulekov, D Bullock, T J Burch, H Burckhart, S Burdin, C D Burgard, A M Burger, B Burghgrave, K Burka, S Burke, I Burmeister, J T P Burr, E Busato, D Büscher, V Büscher, P Bussey, J M Butler, C M Buttar, J M Butterworth, P Butti, W Buttinger, A Buzatu, A R Buzykaev, S Cabrera Urbán, D Caforio, V M Cairo, O Cakir, N Calace, P Calafiura, A Calandri, G Calderini, P Calfayan, G Callea, L P Caloba, S Calvente Lopez, D Calvet, S Calvet, T P Calvet, R Camacho Toro, S Camarda, P Camarri, D Cameron, R Caminal Armadans, C Camincher, S Campana, M Campanelli, A Camplani, A Campoverde, V Canale, M Cano Bret, J Cantero, T Cao, M D M Capeans Garrido, I Caprini, M Caprini, M Capua, R M Carbone, R Cardarelli, F Cardillo, I Carli, T Carli, G Carlino, B T Carlson, L Carminati, R M D Carney, S Caron, E Carquin, S Carrá, G D Carrillo-Montoya, J Carvalho, D Casadei, M P Casado, M Casolino, D W Casper, R Castelijn, V Castillo Gimenez, N F Castro, A Catinaccio, J R Catmore, A Cattai, J Caudron, V Cavaliere, E Cavallaro, D Cavalli, M Cavalli-Sforza, V Cavasinni, E Celebi, F Ceradini, L Cerda Alberich, A S Cerqueira, A Cerri, L Cerrito, F Cerutti, A Cervelli, S A Cetin, A Chafaq, D Chakraborty, S K Chan, W S Chan, Y L Chan, P Chang, J D Chapman, D G Charlton, C C Chau, C A Chavez Barajas, S Che, S Cheatham, A Chegwidden, S Chekanov, S V Chekulaev, G A Chelkov, M A Chelstowska, C Chen, H Chen, S Chen, S Chen, X Chen, Y Chen, H C Cheng, H J Cheng, A Cheplakov, E Cheremushkina, R Cherkaoui El Moursli, V Chernyatin, E Cheu, L Chevalier, V Chiarella, G Chiarelli, G Chiodini, A S Chisholm, A Chitan, Y H Chiu, M V Chizhov, K Choi, A R Chomont, S Chouridou, V Christodoulou, D Chromek-Burckhart, M C Chu, J Chudoba, A J Chuinard, J J Chwastowski, L Chytka, A K Ciftci, D Cinca, V Cindro, I A Cioara, C Ciocca, A Ciocio, F Cirotto, Z H Citron, M Citterio, M Ciubancan, A Clark, B L Clark, M R Clark, P J Clark, R N Clarke, C Clement, Y Coadou, M Cobal, A Coccaro, J Cochran, L Colasurdo, B Cole, A P Colijn, J Collot, T Colombo, P Conde Muiño, E Coniavitis, S H Connell, I A Connelly, S Constantinescu, G Conti, F Conventi, M Cooke, A M Cooper-Sarkar, F Cormier, K J R Cormier, M Corradi, F Corriveau, A Cortes-Gonzalez, G Cortiana, G Costa, M J Costa, D Costanzo, G Cottin, G Cowan, B E Cox, K Cranmer, S J Crawley, R A Creager, G Cree, S Crépé-Renaudin, F Crescioli, W A Cribbs, M Cristinziani, V Croft, G Crosetti, A Cueto, T Cuhadar Donszelmann, A R Cukierman, J Cummings, M Curatolo, J Cúth, H Czirr, P Czodrowski, G D'amen, S D'Auria, L D'eramo, M D'Onofrio, M J Da Cunha Sargedas De Sousa, C Da Via, W Dabrowski, T Dado, T Dai, O Dale, F Dallaire, C Dallapiccola, M Dam, J R Dandoy, M F Daneri, N P Dang, A C Daniells, N S Dann, M Danninger, M Dano Hoffmann, V Dao, G Darbo, S Darmora, J Dassoulas, A Dattagupta, T Daubney, W Davey, C David, T Davidek, M Davies, D R Davis, P Davison, E Dawe, I Dawson, K De, R de Asmundis, A De Benedetti, S De Castro, S De Cecco, N De Groot, P de Jong, H De la Torre, F De Lorenzi, A De Maria, D De Pedis, A De Salvo, U De Sanctis, A De Santo, K De Vasconcelos Corga, J B De Vivie De Regie, W J Dearnaley, R Debbe, C Debenedetti, D V Dedovich, N Dehghanian, I Deigaard, M Del Gaudio, J Del Peso, T Del Prete, D Delgove, F Deliot, C M Delitzsch, A Dell'Acqua, L Dell'Asta, M Dell'Orso, M Della Pietra, D Della Volpe, M Delmastro, C Delporte, P A Delsart, D A DeMarco, S Demers, M Demichev, A Demilly, S P Denisov, D Denysiuk, D Derendarz, J E Derkaoui, F Derue, P Dervan, K Desch, C Deterre, K Dette, M R Devesa, P O Deviveiros, A Dewhurst, S Dhaliwal, F A Di Bello, A Di Ciaccio, L Di Ciaccio, W K Di Clemente, C Di Donato, A Di Girolamo, B Di Girolamo, B Di Micco, R Di Nardo, K F Di Petrillo, A Di Simone, R Di Sipio, D Di Valentino, C Diaconu, M Diamond, F A Dias, M A Diaz, E B Diehl, J Dietrich, S Díez Cornell, A Dimitrievska, J Dingfelder, P Dita, S Dita, F Dittus, F Djama, T Djobava, J I Djuvsland, M A B do Vale, D Dobos, M Dobre, C Doglioni, J Dolejsi, Z Dolezal, M Donadelli, S Donati, P Dondero, J Donini, J Dopke, A Doria, M T Dova, A T Doyle, E Drechsler, M Dris, Y Du, J Duarte-Campderros, A Dubreuil, E Duchovni, G Duckeck, A Ducourthial, O A Ducu, D Duda, A Dudarev, A Chr Dudder, E M Duffield, L Duflot, M Dührssen, M Dumancic, A E Dumitriu, A K Duncan, M Dunford, H Duran Yildiz, M Düren, A Durglishvili, D Duschinger, B Dutta, M Dyndal, C Eckardt, K M Ecker, R C Edgar, T Eifert, G Eigen, K Einsweiler, T Ekelof, M El Kacimi, R El Kosseifi, V Ellajosyula, M Ellert, S Elles, F Ellinghaus, A A Elliot, N Ellis, J Elmsheuser, M Elsing, D Emeliyanov, Y Enari, O C Endner, J S Ennis, J Erdmann, A Ereditato, G Ernis, M Ernst, S Errede, M Escalier, C Escobar, B Esposito, O Estrada Pastor, A I Etienvre, E Etzion, H Evans, A Ezhilov, M Ezzi, F Fabbri, L Fabbri, G Facini, R M Fakhrutdinov, S Falciano, R J Falla, J Faltova, Y Fang, M Fanti, A Farbin, A Farilla, C Farina, E M Farina, T Farooque, S Farrell, S M Farrington, P Farthouat, F Fassi, P Fassnacht, D Fassouliotis, M Faucci Giannelli, A Favareto, W J Fawcett, L Fayard, O L Fedin, W Fedorko, S Feigl, L Feligioni, C Feng, E J Feng, H Feng, M J Fenton, A B Fenyuk, L Feremenga, P Fernandez Martinez, S Fernandez Perez, J Ferrando, A Ferrari, P Ferrari, R Ferrari, D E Ferreira de Lima, A Ferrer, D Ferrere, C Ferretti, F Fiedler, A Filipčič, M Filipuzzi, F Filthaut, M Fincke-Keeler, K D Finelli, M C N Fiolhais, L Fiorini, A Fischer, C Fischer, J Fischer, W C Fisher, N Flaschel, I Fleck, P Fleischmann, R R M Fletcher, T Flick, B M Flierl, L R Flores Castillo, M J Flowerdew, G T Forcolin, A Formica, F A Förster, A Forti, A G Foster, D Fournier, H Fox, S Fracchia, P Francavilla, M Franchini, S Franchino, D Francis, L Franconi, M Franklin, M Frate, M Fraternali, D Freeborn, S M Fressard-Batraneanu, B Freund, D Froidevaux, J A Frost, C Fukunaga, T Fusayasu, J Fuster, C Gabaldon, O Gabizon, A Gabrielli, A Gabrielli, G P Gach, S Gadatsch, S Gadomski, G Gagliardi, L G Gagnon, C Galea, B Galhardo, E J Gallas, B J Gallop, P Gallus, G Galster, K K Gan, S Ganguly, Y Gao, Y S Gao, F M Garay Walls, C García, J E García Navarro, M Garcia-Sciveres, R W Gardner, N Garelli, V Garonne, A Gascon Bravo, K Gasnikova, C Gatti, A Gaudiello, G Gaudio, I L Gavrilenko, C Gay, G Gaycken, E N Gazis, C N P Gee, J Geisen, M Geisen, M P Geisler, K Gellerstedt, C Gemme, M H Genest, C Geng, S Gentile, C Gentsos, S George, D Gerbaudo, A Gershon, G Geßner, S Ghasemi, M Ghneimat, B Giacobbe, S Giagu, P Giannetti, S M Gibson, M Gignac, M Gilchriese, D Gillberg, G Gilles, D M Gingrich, N Giokaris, M P Giordani, F M Giorgi, P F Giraud, P Giromini, D Giugni, F Giuli, C Giuliani, M Giulini, B K Gjelsten, S Gkaitatzis, I Gkialas, E L Gkougkousis, P Gkountoumis, L K Gladilin, C Glasman, J Glatzer, P C F Glaysher, A Glazov, M Goblirsch-Kolb, J Godlewski, S Goldfarb, T Golling, D Golubkov, A Gomes, R Gonçalo, R Goncalves Gama, J Goncalves Pinto Firmino Da Costa, G Gonella, L Gonella, A Gongadze, S González de la Hoz, S Gonzalez-Sevilla, L Goossens, P A Gorbounov, H A Gordon, I Gorelov, B Gorini, E Gorini, A Gorišek, A T Goshaw, C Gössling, M I Gostkin, C A Gottardo, C R Goudet, D Goujdami, A G Goussiou, N Govender, E Gozani, L Graber, I Grabowska-Bold, P O J Gradin, J Gramling, E Gramstad, S Grancagnolo, V Gratchev, P M Gravila, C Gray, H M Gray, Z D Greenwood, C Grefe, K Gregersen, I M Gregor, P Grenier, K Grevtsov, J Griffiths, A A Grillo, K Grimm, S Grinstein, Ph Gris, J-F Grivaz, S Groh, E Gross, J Grosse-Knetter, G C Grossi, Z J Grout, A Grummer, L Guan, W Guan, J Guenther, F Guescini, D Guest, O Gueta, B Gui, E Guido, T Guillemin, S Guindon, U Gul, C Gumpert, J Guo, W Guo, Y Guo, R Gupta, S Gupta, G Gustavino, P Gutierrez, N G Gutierrez Ortiz, C Gutschow, C Guyot, M P Guzik, C Gwenlan, C B Gwilliam, A Haas, C Haber, H K Hadavand, N Haddad, A Hadef, S Hageböck, M Hagihara, H Hakobyan, M Haleem, J Haley, G Halladjian, G D Hallewell, K Hamacher, P Hamal, K Hamano, A Hamilton, G N Hamity, P G Hamnett, L Han, S Han, K Hanagaki, K Hanawa, M Hance, B Haney, P Hanke, J B Hansen, J D Hansen, M C Hansen, P H Hansen, K Hara, A S Hard, T Harenberg, F Hariri, S Harkusha, R D Harrington, P F Harrison, N M Hartmann, M Hasegawa, Y Hasegawa, A Hasib, S Hassani, S Haug, R Hauser, L Hauswald, L B Havener, M Havranek, C M Hawkes, R J Hawkings, D Hayakawa, D Hayden, C P Hays, J M Hays, H S Hayward, S J Haywood, S J Head, T Heck, V Hedberg, L Heelan, K K Heidegger, S Heim, T Heim, B Heinemann, J J Heinrich, L Heinrich, C Heinz, J Hejbal, L Helary, A Held, S Hellman, C Helsens, R C W Henderson, Y Heng, S Henkelmann, A M Henriques Correia, S Henrot-Versille, G H Herbert, H Herde, V Herget, Y Hernández Jiménez, H Herr, G Herten, R Hertenberger, L Hervas, T C Herwig, G G Hesketh, N P Hessey, J W Hetherly, S Higashino, E Higón-Rodriguez, E Hill, J C Hill, K H Hiller, S J Hillier, M Hils, I Hinchliffe, M Hirose, D Hirschbuehl, B Hiti, O Hladik, X Hoad, J Hobbs, N Hod, M C Hodgkinson, P Hodgson, A Hoecker, M R Hoeferkamp, F Hoenig, D Hohn, T R Holmes, M Homann, S Honda, T Honda, T M Hong, B H Hooberman, W H Hopkins, Y Horii, A J Horton, J-Y Hostachy, S Hou, A Hoummada, J Howarth, J Hoya, M Hrabovsky, J Hrdinka, I Hristova, J Hrivnac, T Hryn'ova, A Hrynevich, P J Hsu, S-C Hsu, Q Hu, S Hu, Y Huang, Z Hubacek, F Hubaut, F Huegging, T B Huffman, E W Hughes, G Hughes, M Huhtinen, P Huo, N Huseynov, J Huston, J Huth, G Iacobucci, G Iakovidis, I Ibragimov, L Iconomidou-Fayard, Z Idrissi, P Iengo, O Igonkina, T Iizawa, Y Ikegami, M Ikeno, Y Ilchenko, D Iliadis, N Ilic, G Introzzi, P Ioannou, M Iodice, K Iordanidou, V Ippolito, M F Isacson, N Ishijima, M Ishino, M Ishitsuka, C Issever, S Istin, F Ito, J M Iturbe Ponce, R Iuppa, H Iwasaki, J M Izen, V Izzo, S Jabbar, P Jackson, R M Jacobs, V Jain, K B Jakobi, K Jakobs, S Jakobsen, T Jakoubek, D O Jamin, D K Jana, R Jansky, J 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Swiatlowski, S P Swift, I Sykora, T Sykora, D Ta, K Tackmann, J Taenzer, A Taffard, R Tafirout, E Tahirovic, N Taiblum, H Takai, R Takashima, E H Takasugi, T Takeshita, Y Takubo, M Talby, A A Talyshev, J Tanaka, M Tanaka, R Tanaka, S Tanaka, R Tanioka, B B Tannenwald, S Tapia Araya, S Tapprogge, S Tarem, G F Tartarelli, P Tas, M Tasevsky, T Tashiro, E Tassi, A Tavares Delgado, Y Tayalati, A C Taylor, G N Taylor, P T E Taylor, W Taylor, P Teixeira-Dias, D Temple, H Ten Kate, P K Teng, J J Teoh, F Tepel, S Terada, K Terashi, J Terron, S Terzo, M Testa, R J Teuscher, T Theveneaux-Pelzer, J P Thomas, J Thomas-Wilsker, P D Thompson, A S Thompson, L A Thomsen, E Thomson, M J Tibbetts, R E Ticse Torres, V O Tikhomirov, Yu A Tikhonov, S Timoshenko, P Tipton, S Tisserant, K Todome, S Todorova-Nova, J Tojo, S Tokár, K Tokushuku, E Tolley, L Tomlinson, M Tomoto, L Tompkins, K Toms, B Tong, P Tornambe, E Torrence, H Torres, E Torró Pastor, J Toth, F Touchard, D R Tovey, C J Treado, T Trefzger, F Tresoldi, A Tricoli, I M Trigger, S Trincaz-Duvoid, M F Tripiana, W Trischuk, B Trocmé, A Trofymov, C Troncon, M Trottier-McDonald, M Trovatelli, L Truong, M Trzebinski, A Trzupek, K W Tsang, J C-L Tseng, P V Tsiareshka, G Tsipolitis, N Tsirintanis, S Tsiskaridze, V Tsiskaridze, E G Tskhadadze, K M Tsui, I I Tsukerman, V Tsulaia, S Tsuno, D Tsybychev, Y Tu, A Tudorache, V Tudorache, T T Tulbure, A N Tuna, S A Tupputi, S Turchikhin, D Turgeman, I Turk Cakir, R Turra, P M Tuts, G Ucchielli, I Ueda, M Ughetto, F Ukegawa, G Unal, A Undrus, G Unel, F C Ungaro, Y Unno, C Unverdorben, J Urban, P Urquijo, P Urrejola, G Usai, J Usui, L Vacavant, V Vacek, B Vachon, K O H Vadla, A Vaidya, C Valderanis, E Valdes Santurio, M Valente, S Valentinetti, A Valero, L Valéry, S Valkar, A Vallier, J A Valls Ferrer, W Van Den Wollenberg, H van der Graaf, P van Gemmeren, J Van Nieuwkoop, I van Vulpen, M C van Woerden, M Vanadia, W Vandelli, A Vaniachine, P Vankov, G Vardanyan, R Vari, E W Varnes, C Varni, T Varol, D Varouchas, A Vartapetian, K E Varvell, J G Vasquez, G A Vasquez, F Vazeille, T Vazquez Schroeder, J Veatch, V Veeraraghavan, L M Veloce, F Veloso, S Veneziano, A Ventura, M Venturi, N Venturi, A Venturini, V Vercesi, M Verducci, W Verkerke, A T Vermeulen, J C Vermeulen, M C Vetterli, N Viaux Maira, O Viazlo, I Vichou, T Vickey, O E Vickey Boeriu, G H A Viehhauser, S Viel, L Vigani, M Villa, M Villaplana Perez, E Vilucchi, M G Vincter, V B Vinogradov, A Vishwakarma, C Vittori, I Vivarelli, S Vlachos, M Vlasak, M Vogel, P Vokac, G Volpi, H von der Schmitt, E von Toerne, V Vorobel, K Vorobev, M Vos, R Voss, J H Vossebeld, N Vranjes, M Vranjes Milosavljevic, V Vrba, M Vreeswijk, R Vuillermet, I Vukotic, P Wagner, W Wagner, J Wagner-Kuhr, H Wahlberg, S Wahrmund, J Wakabayashi, J Walder, R Walker, W Walkowiak, V Wallangen, C Wang, C Wang, F Wang, H Wang, H Wang, J Wang, J Wang, Q Wang, R Wang, S M Wang, T Wang, W Wang, W Wang, Z Wang, C Wanotayaroj, A Warburton, C P Ward, D R Wardrope, A Washbrook, P M Watkins, A T Watson, M F Watson, G Watts, S Watts, B M Waugh, A F Webb, S Webb, M S Weber, S W Weber, S A Weber, J S Webster, A R Weidberg, B Weinert, J Weingarten, M Weirich, C Weiser, H Weits, P S Wells, T Wenaus, T Wengler, S Wenig, N Wermes, M D Werner, P Werner, M Wessels, T D Weston, K Whalen, N L Whallon, A M Wharton, A S White, A White, M J White, R White, D Whiteson, B W Whitmore, F J Wickens, W Wiedenmann, M Wielers, C Wiglesworth, L A M Wiik-Fuchs, A Wildauer, F Wilk, H G Wilkens, H H Williams, S Williams, C Willis, S Willocq, J A Wilson, I Wingerter-Seez, E Winkels, F Winklmeier, O J Winston, B T Winter, M Wittgen, M Wobisch, T M H Wolf, R Wolff, M W Wolter, H Wolters, V W S Wong, S D Worm, B K Wosiek, J Wotschack, K W Wozniak, M Wu, S L Wu, X Wu, Y Wu, T R Wyatt, B M Wynne, S Xella, Z Xi, L Xia, D Xu, L Xu, B Yabsley, S Yacoob, D Yamaguchi, Y Yamaguchi, A Yamamoto, S Yamamoto, T Yamanaka, M Yamatani, K Yamauchi, Y Yamazaki, Z Yan, H Yang, H Yang, Y Yang, Z Yang, W-M Yao, Y C Yap, Y Yasu, E Yatsenko, K H Yau Wong, J Ye, S Ye, I Yeletskikh, E Yigitbasi, E Yildirim, K Yorita, K Yoshihara, C Young, C J S Young, J Yu, J Yu, S P Y Yuen, I Yusuff, B Zabinski, G Zacharis, R Zaidan, A M Zaitsev, N Zakharchuk, J Zalieckas, A Zaman, S Zambito, D Zanzi, C Zeitnitz, G Zemaityte, A Zemla, J C Zeng, Q Zeng, O Zenin, T Ženiš, D Zerwas, D Zhang, F Zhang, G Zhang, H Zhang, J Zhang, L Zhang, L Zhang, M Zhang, P Zhang, R Zhang, R Zhang, X Zhang, Y Zhang, Z Zhang, X Zhao, Y Zhao, Z Zhao, A Zhemchugov, B Zhou, C Zhou, L Zhou, M Zhou, M Zhou, N Zhou, C G Zhu, H Zhu, J Zhu, Y Zhu, X Zhuang, K Zhukov, A Zibell, D Zieminska, N I Zimine, C Zimmermann, S Zimmermann, Z Zinonos, M Zinser, M Ziolkowski, L Živković, G Zobernig, A Zoccoli, R Zou, M Zur Nedden, L Zwalinski
With the increase in energy of the Large Hadron Collider to a centre-of-mass energy of 13 [Formula: see text] for Run 2, events with dense environments, such as in the cores of high-energy jets, became a focus for new physics searches as well as measurements of the Standard Model. These environments are characterized by charged-particle separations of the order of the tracking detectors sensor granularity. Basic track quantities are compared between 3.2 fb[Formula: see text] of data collected by the ATLAS experiment and simulation of proton-proton collisions producing high-transverse-momentum jets at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 [Formula: see text]...
2017: European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076427/engineered-nanoparticles-their-properties-and-putative-applications-for-therapeutic-approaches-utilizing-stem-cells-for-the-repair-of-atherosclerotic-disease
#12
Dimitry A Chistiakov, Alexandra A Melnichenko, Alexander N Orekhov, Yuri V Bobryshev
BACKGROUND: Stem cell therapy was established as a promising approach for regenerative medicine applications such as cardiac repair. However, current stem cell-based therapeutic strategies have serious challenges such as low retention and viability of transplanted stem cells in the injured myocardium. This significantly limits efficiency of stem cell therapy. In addition, poor knowledge about the fate and survival of stem cells after transplantation represents a major reason of conflicting results from recent clinical studies...
October 27, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064714/gated-mesoporous-silica-nanocarriers-for-a-two-step-targeted-system-to-colonic-tissue
#13
Marta Gonzalez-Alvarez, Carmen Coll, Isabel González-Álvarez, Cristina Gimenez, Elena Aznar, M Carmen Martínez-Bisbal, Isabel Lozoya-Agullo, Marival Bermejo, Ramon Martinez-Manez, Felix Sancenón
Colon targeted drug delivery is highly relevant not only to treat colonic local diseases, but also for systemic therapies. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) have been demonstrated as useful systems for controlled drug release given their biocompatibility and the possibility of designing gated systems able to release cargo only upon the presence of certain stimuli. We report herein the preparation of three gated MSNs able to deliver their cargo triggered by different stimuli (redox ambient (S1), enzymatic hydrolysis (S2) and a surfactant or being in contact with cell membrane (S3)), and their performance in solution and in vitro with Caco-2 cells...
October 24, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060396/effects-of-galvanic-skin-response-feedback-on-user-experience-in-gaze-controlled-gaming-a-pilot-study
#14
Fanny Larradet, Giacinto Barresi, Leonardo S Mattos
Eye-tracking (ET) is one of the most intuitive solutions for enabling people with severe motor impairments to control devices. Nevertheless, even such an effective assistive solution can detrimentally affect user experience during demanding tasks because of, for instance, the user's mental workload - using gaze-based controls for an extensive period of time can generate fatigue and cause frustration. Thus, it is necessary to design novel solutions for ET contexts able to improve the user experience, with particular attention to its aspects related to workload...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049280/ethoscopes-an-open-platform-for-high-throughput-ethomics
#15
Quentin Geissmann, Luis Garcia Rodriguez, Esteban J Beckwith, Alice S French, Arian R Jamasb, Giorgio F Gilestro
Here, we present the use of ethoscopes, which are machines for high-throughput analysis of behavior in Drosophila and other animals. Ethoscopes provide a software and hardware solution that is reproducible and easily scalable. They perform, in real-time, tracking and profiling of behavior by using a supervised machine learning algorithm, are able to deliver behaviorally triggered stimuli to flies in a feedback-loop mode, and are highly customizable and open source. Ethoscopes can be built easily by using 3D printing technology and rely on Raspberry Pi microcomputers and Arduino boards to provide affordable and flexible hardware...
October 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041001/hmgb1-expression-level-in-circulating-platelets-is-not-significantly-associated-with-outcomes-in-symptomatic-coronary-artery-disease
#16
Dominik Rath, Tobias Geisler, Meinrad Gawaz, Sebastian Vogel
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Platelets express high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), a damage-associated molecular pattern molecule (DAMP) that triggers thrombosis and inflammation when present in extracellular space. The role of platelet-derived HMGB1 in coronary artery disease (CAD) remains unexplored. METHODS: In a cohort study, we measured the expression of HMGB1 on the surface of circulating platelets in 183 patients with symptomatic CAD (stable CAD: n=80, acute coronary syndrome, ACS: n=103) at the time of percutaneous coronary intervention...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035236/fuzzy-adaptive-compensation-control-of-uncertain-stochastic-nonlinear-systems-with-actuator-failures-and-input-hysteresis
#17
Jianhui Wang, Zhi Liu, C L Philip Chen, Yun Zhang
Hysteresis exists ubiquitously in physical actuators. Besides, actuator failures/faults may also occur in practice. Both effects would deteriorate the transient tracking performance, and even trigger instability. In this paper, we consider the problem of compensating for actuator failures and input hysteresis by proposing a fuzzy control scheme for stochastic nonlinear systems. Compared with the existing research on stochastic nonlinear uncertain systems, it is found that how to guarantee a prescribed transient tracking performance when taking into account actuator failures and hysteresis simultaneously also remains to be answered...
October 12, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032705/a-mobile-application-for-monitoring-and-management-of-depressed-mood-in-a-vulnerable-pregnant-population
#18
Liisa Hantsoo, Stephanie Criniti, Annum Khan, Marian Moseley, Naomi Kincler, Laura J Faherty, C Neill Epperson, Ian M Bennett
OBJECTIVE: This study tested whether a mood tracking and alert (MTA) mobile application (app) improved mental health care delivery in a high-risk obstetric population. METHODS: Pregnant women with depressive symptomatology at <32 weeks gestation were followed for eight weeks after randomization to a control patient portal (PP) app alone or with the MTA app. The MTA app monitored activity, assessed mood, and alerted obstetric providers of signs of worsening mood...
October 16, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032657/optimization-of-scan-delay-for-multi-phase-computed-tomography-using-bolus-tracking-technique-in-normal-canine-kidney
#19
Hyun Cho, DaHae Lee, AhYoung Cha, DongEun Kim, DongWoo Chang, Jihye Choi
This study was performed to optimize scan delays for the kidney using a bolus-tracking technique. In six beagle dogs, CT scan of the kidney were performed three times in each dog with different scan delays after bolus tracking triggered at 100 Hounsfield of aortic enhancement; 5, 20, 35, and 50 sec for the first scan, 10, 25, 40, and 55 sec for the second scan, and 15, 30, 45, and 60 sec for the third scan. The renal artery-to-vein contrast difference peaked at 5 sec and the renal cortex-to-medulla contrast difference reached a peak at 10 sec...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021914/retinoic-acid-induces-white-adipose-tissue-browning-by-increasing-adipose-vascularity-and-inducing-beige-adipogenesis-of-pdgfr%C3%AE-adipose-progenitors
#20
Bo Wang, Xing Fu, Xingwei Liang, Jeanene M Deavila, Zhixiu Wang, Liang Zhao, Qiyu Tian, Junxing Zhao, Noe Alberto Gomez, Sophie C Trombetta, Mei-Jun Zhu, Min Du
Formation of beige adipocytes within white adipose tissue enhances energy expenditure, which is a promising strategy to reduce obesity and prevent metabolic symptoms. Vitamin A and its bioactive metabolite, retinoic acid (RA), have regulatory roles in lipid metabolism. Here we report that RA induces white adipose tissue browning via activating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling. RA triggered angiogenesis and elicited de novo generation of platelet-derived growth factor receptor α positive (PDGFRα(+)) adipose precursor cells via VEGFA/VEGFR2 signaling...
2017: Cell Discovery
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