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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122714/diethanolamine-modified-pectin-based-core-shell-composites-as-dual-working-gastroretentive-drug-cargo
#1
Hriday Bera, Sanoj Kumar
The current study aimed at developing diethonolamine-modified high-methoxyl pectin (DMP)-alginate (ALG) based core-shell composites for controlled intragastric delivery of metformin HCl (MFM) by combined approach of floating and bioadhesion. DMP with degree of amidation of 48.72% was initially accomplished and characterized by FTIR, DSC and XRD analyses. MFM-loaded core matrices were then fabricated by ionotropic gelation technique employing zinc acetate as cross-linker. The core matrices were further coated by fenugreek gum (FG)-ALG gel membrane via diffusion-controlled interfacial complexation method...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122263/knowledge-attitude-and-beliefs-toward-traditional-herbal-medicine-use-among-diabetics-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#2
Fatemah O Kamel, Rania M Magadmi, Magda M Hagras, Bashair Magadmi, Reem A AlAhmad
Herbs have long been used in the treatment of diabetes. Therefore, a cross-sectional study of a random sample of diabetic patients was conducted to assess their knowledge, attitude, and beliefs about the use of herbs to control diabetes. Approximately 64% of the patients had previously used herbs for controlling diabetes; 27%, 20.3%, 15.2%, and 10.8% used myrrh, black seeds, fenugreek, and aloe, respectively. Approximately 55.1% patients preferred using herbs to prescription drugs, while 75.2% used herbs with the prescribed medications...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115455/dioscin-inhibits-ischemic-stroke%C3%A2-induced-inflammation-through-inhibition-of-the-tlr4-myd88-nf%C3%A2-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-in-a-rat-model
#3
Shilin Zhu, Siyuan Tang, Feng Su
Diosgenin, as an essential natural steroidal saponin, can be extracted from numerous sources, primarily from fenugreek. It is an important raw material for the synthesis of steroid hormone drugs. It exhibits antitumor, anti‑inflammatory, antioxidation and several other significant pharmacologic actions, and is of high pharmaceutical value. In the present study, the activities and underlying mechanisms of dioscin in the inhibition of ischemic stroke in rats were investigated. Inflammatory responses wer analyzed using ELISA kits and caspase‑3 and caspase‑9 activity was analyzed using Caspase‑3 and caspase‑9 activity kits...
October 26, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107013/changes-in-fenugreek-transcriptome-induced-by-methyl-jasmonate-and-steroid-precursors-revealed-by-rna-seq
#4
Joanna Ciura, Magdalena Szeliga, Michalina Grzesik, Mirosław Tyrka
Changes in fenugreek transcriptome related to enhanced production of steroids were induced by methyl jasmonate, cholesterol and squalene, and recorded using RNA-seq. A total of 112,850 unigenes were obtained after de novo assembling of next generation sequencing data, and used for functional annotations. In steroidal saponins pathway, transcripts involved in mevalonate, terpenoid backbone and plant sterol synthesis were annotated. Overexpression of several transcripts from phytosterol biosynthesis pathway was confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR...
October 26, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105723/new-horizons-in-microbiological-food-safety-photodynamic-decontamination-based-on-a-curcumin-derivative
#5
Michael Glueck, Barbara Schamberger, Peter Eckl, Kristjan Plaetzer
Outbreaks of foodborne diseases are regularly reported worldwide. In particular, uncooked plant food is considered risky in terms of microbiological safety. Food is also the most important transmission route for resistant microorganisms from animals to humans. Photodynamic Decontamination (PDc) of foodstuff was recently introduced as a novel approach for increasing microbiological food safety. We investigated the efficiency of PDc on plant food with different geometries (flat, spherical and complex) using a two-dimensional LED array as a light source (435 nm, 33...
November 6, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103525/extraction-purification-and-characterization-of-galactomannan-from-fenugreek-for-industrial-utilization
#6
Farhat Rashid, Sarfraz Hussain, Zaheer Ahmed
Galactomannan, a water-soluble heteropolysaccharide was isolated and purified from seed of fenugreek locally called as Kasuri Methi. Polysaccharide was chemically characterized and its functional attributes were studied in detail. FTIR analysis divulges representative peaks of polysaccharide in region of 3324, 2914 & 1653cm(-1). Galactomannan depicted lower water holding capacity compared to guar gum. Emulsifying activity and emulsion stability of biopolymer was on higher side as compare to reference material...
January 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097216/antimicrobial-antioxidant-and-anticancer-activities-of-zinc-nanoparticles-prepared-by-natural-polysaccharides-and-gamma-radiation
#7
Ahmed I El-Batal, Farag M Mosalam, M M Ghorab, Amro Hanora, Ahmed M Elbarbary
Aqueous dispersed zinc nanoparticles (ZnNPs) were synthesized using natural polysaccherides (chitosan (CS), citrus pectin (CP) and alginate (Alg)) using aqueous fermented fenugreek powder (FFP) by Pleurotus ostreatus as reducing and stabilizing agent or using gamma irradiation. The synthesized ZnNPs are characterized by ultra violect spectroscopy (UV), Transmission electronmicroscopy (TEM), Dynamic light scattering (DLS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). XRD analysis of the ZnNPS confirmed the formation of metallic nanoparticles...
October 30, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094243/alleviation-of-cardiac-damage-by-dietary-fenugreek-trigonella-foenum-graecum-seeds-is-potentiated-by-onion-allium-cepa-in-experimental-diabetic-rats-via-blocking-renin-angiotensin-system
#8
Seetur R Pradeep, Krishnapura Srinivasan
Hyperglycemia is one of the metabolic and homeostatic abnormalities that increase the cardiovascular mortality in diabetic patients by increased oxidative stress. We have recently reported amelioration of oxidative stress in cardiac tissue by dietary fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) seeds and onion (Allium cepa) in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. The mechanistic aspects of the cardio-protective influence of dietary fenugreek seeds (10%) and onion (3% powder) both individually and in combination on hyperglycemia-mediated cardiac damage was further investigated in this study on streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats...
November 1, 2017: Cardiovascular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079622/fate-of-salmonella-enterica-and-enterohemorrhagic-escherichia-coli-cells-artificially-internalized-into-vegetable-seeds-during-germination
#9
Da Liu, Yue Cui, Ronald Walcott, Jinru Chen
Vegetable seeds contaminated with bacterial pathogens have been linked to fresh produce-associated outbreaks of gastrointestinal infections. This study was undertaken to observe the physiological behavior of Salmonella enterica and enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) cells, artificially internalized into vegetable seeds during the germination process. Surface-decontaminated seeds of alfalfa, fenugreek, lettuce, and tomato were vacuum-infiltrated with four individual strains of Salmonella or EHEC. Contaminated seeds were germinated at 25°C for 9 days and different sprout/seedling tissues were microbiologically analyzed every other day...
October 27, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068452/alleviation-of-oxidative-stress-mediated-nephropathy-by-dietary-fenugreek-trigonella-foenum-graecum-seeds-and-onion-allium-cepa-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#10
Seetur R Pradeep, Krishnapura Srinivasan
Oxidative stress plays a major role in the progression of diabetes and the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. In this study, the beneficial influence of dietary fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) seeds and onion (Allium cepa) on oxidative stress-mediated renal injury was evaluated in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced in adult Wistar rats by the administration of streptozotocin (i.p. 45 mg kg(-1)). Dietary interventions were made with 10% fenugreek seeds or 3% onion (freeze-dried) or their combination for 6 weeks...
October 25, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066172/effects-of-nanosized-titanium-dioxide-on-the-photosynthetic-metabolism-of-fenugreek-trigonella-foenum-graecum-l
#11
Takwa Missaoui, Moêz Smiri, Hajer Chmingui, Amor Hafiane
The potential toxicity of nanoparticles in plants is scarce and contradictory. Despite the diversity of research efforts, a detailed explanation of the TiO2NPS effects in plant photosynthesis is still missing. The present work gives a new approach to examine the impact of the TiO2NPs on crop production (development and photosynthesis) and plant protection (tolerance and defense systems) in fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum L.). Seedlings were assessed in greenhouse trials to estimate the influence of TiO2NPs on physiological characters for 16 days...
October 21, 2017: Comptes Rendus Biologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057974/engineering-a-short-chain-dehydrogenase-reductase-for-the-stereoselective-production-of-2s-3r-4s-4-hydroxyisoleucine-with-three-asymmetric-centers
#12
Xuan Shi, Takuya Miyakawa, Akira Nakamura, Feng Hou, Makoto Hibi, Jun Ogawa, Yeondae Kwon, Masaru Tanokura
Fenugreek is a dietary supplement for anti-aging and human health. (2S,3R,4S)-4-hydroxyisoleucine (4-HIL), which is extracted from fenugreek seeds, is expected to be a promising orally active drug for diabetes and diabetic nephropathy because of its insulinotropic effect. Although several chemical synthesis methods of 4-HIL have been proposed, these methods require multistep reactions to control the stereochemistry of 4-HIL. In this study, we modified the key enzyme 4-HIL dehydrogenase (HILDH) to overcome the biggest limitation in commercial-scale production of 4-HIL...
October 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057459/phone-calls-to-an-australian-pregnancy-and-lactation-counselling-service-regarding-use-of-galactagogues-during-lactation-the-mothersafe-experience
#13
Luke E Grzeskowiak, Majella Hill, Debra S Kennedy
Galactagogues represent substances used to enhance breast milk production. Between 2001 and 2014 we identified 2034 phone calls regarding the use of galactagogues made to MotherSafe. The majority involved discussion of domperidone (n = 1884; 92.6%), with the remainder relating to metoclopramide (n = 153; 7.5%) or other herbal galactagogues (eg fenugreek, milk thistle; n = 262; 12.9%). A 50% decrease in total calls occurred from 2011 to 2014, while the percentage of calls regarding herbal galactagogues increased from 0% in 2001 to 23% in 2014...
October 23, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028495/non-cytotoxic-effect-of-green-synthesized-silver-nanoparticles-and-its-antibacterial-activity
#14
B Senthil, T Devasena, B Prakash, A Rajasekar
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were green synthesized using ethanolic extract of fenugreek leaves and characterized using UV-Vis spectroscopy, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), high resolution transmission electron microscopy HRTEM and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) techniques. The HRTEM results revealed the formation of highly stable, mono dispersed, spherical shaped AgNPs with the size ranging from 20 to 30nm. The presence of flavonoids and their interaction with the AgNPs were confirmed using FTIR...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018642/pulmonary-embolism-secondary-to-testosterone-enhancing-herbal-supplement-use
#15
Steven M Nguyen, Nway Ko Ko, Asad S Sattar, Esra Gucuk Ipek, Sayed Ali
Decreased testosterone levels in men are often a normal sign of aging. Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) is a well-established option for those with symptomatic hypogonadism related to low testosterone levels. Conversely, designer herbal supplements in the context of testosterone supplementation are poorly studied, yet remain popular among aging men who seek the well-known, often enhancing, effects of testosterone that involve muscle mass and sexual function/drive. In 2014, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a warning about the significant risk of venous clots secondary to testosterone product use...
August 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993009/fenugreek-galactomannan-and-citrus-pectin-improve-several-parameters-associated-with-glucose-metabolism-and-modulate-gut-microbiota-in-mice
#16
Miriam G Shtriker, Michal Hahn, Elise Taieb, Abraham Nyska, Uzi Moallem, Oren Tirosh, Zecharia Madar
OBJECTIVE: Galactomannans derived from fenugreek confer known health benefits; however, there is little information regarding health benefits of citrus pectin (CP) and its association with gut microbiome metabolites. The aim of this study was to examine links between galactomannan and CP consumption, microbiota development, and glucose metabolism. DESIGN: Male C57 BL/6 J mice ages 7 to 8 wk were fed ad libitum with a normal diet or one supplemented with 15% of either galactomannan or CP...
August 3, 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986580/fenugreek-supplementation-during-high-fat-feeding-improves-specific-markers-of-metabolic-health
#17
Eric J Knott, Allison J Richard, Randall L Mynatt, David Ribnicky, Jacqueline M Stephens, Annadora Bruce-Keller
To assess the metabolically beneficial effects of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum), C57BL/6J mice were fed a low- or high-fat diet for 16 weeks with or without 2% (w/w) fenugreek supplementation. Body weight, body composition, energy expenditure, food intake, and insulin/glucose tolerance were measured regularly, and tissues were collected for histological and biochemical analysis after 16 weeks of diet exposure. Fenugreek did not alter body weight, fat mass, or food intake in either group, but did transiently improve glucose tolerance in high fat-fed mice...
October 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979073/glycosides-based-standardized-fenugreek-seed-extract-ameliorates-bleomycin-induced-liver-fibrosis-in-rats-via-modulation-of-endogenous-enzymes
#18
Amit D Kandhare, Subhash Laxmanrao Bodhankar, Vishwaraman Mohan, Prasad A Thakurdesai
BACKGROUND: Liver fibrosis a complex process of excess collagen deposition resulted in disturbance of hepatic cellar function. Glycosides based standardized fenugreek seed extract (SFSE-G) has potent anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-fibrotic properties. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the hepatoprotective potential of SFSE-G against bleomycin (BLM)-induced liver fibrosis in laboratory animals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats (180-220 g) were assigned to various groups, namely, normal, sham, BLM control, SFSE-G (5, 10, 20, and 40 mg/kg, p...
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974794/triticale-crisp-bread-enriched-with-selected-bioactive-additives-volatile-profile-physical-characteristics-sensory-and-nutritional-properties
#19
Agnieszka Makowska, Małgorzata Majcher, Sylwia Mildner-Szkudlarz, Anna Jedrusek-Golinska, Krzysztof Przygoński
The effect of selected plant additives (couch grass, artichoke, kale, nettle, ground buckwheat husks, broad beans, fenugreek seeds, and extracts of yellow tea and mulberry leaf) on the volatile compounds, color, texture, sensory attributes, polyphenols, and antioxidant properties of triticale crisp bread was studied. The volatile profile of control bread was dominated by lipid oxidation products with hexanal and (E)-2-nonenal predominant. The additives strongly modified the volatile profile of the extruded crisp bread...
September 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959663/beyond-the-flavor-a-green-formulation-of-ferula-asafoetida-oleo-gum-resin-with-fenugreek-dietary-fibre-and-its-gut-health-potential
#20
Liju Vijayasteltar, I J Jismy, Ashil Joseph, Balu Maliakel, Ramadasan Kuttan, Krishnakumar I M
Albeit the fact that asafotida is a popular kitchen spice and Indian folklore medicine for gut disorders, its consumption at physiologically relevant dosage is greatly challenged by the unpleasant flavor characteristics. Herein we report a green approach to derive stable powder formulations of asafoetida gum with minimized taste and odor suitable for dietary applications and gut health-related disorders. Employing a water based ultrasound mediated gel-phase dispersion of asafoetida gum on fenugreek derived soluble galactomannan fibre matrix...
2017: Toxicology Reports
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