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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670913/vegetarian-diet-and-cardiometabolic-risk-among-asian-indians-in-the-united-states
#1
Ranjita Misra, Padmini Balagopal, Sudha Raj, Thakor G Patel
Research studies have shown that plant-based diets confer cardiovascular and metabolic health benefits. Asian Indians (AIs) in the US (who have often followed plant-based diets) have elevated risk for chronic diseases such as diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and obesity suggesting ethnic vulnerability that imply genetic and/or lifestyle causative links. This study explored the association between this ethnic group and diabetes, obesity, and metabolic syndrome after controlling for demographics, acculturation, family history of diabetes, and lifestyle and clinical risk factors...
2018: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661852/integrated-transcriptomic-and-proteomic-analyses-suggest-the-participation-of-endogenous-protease-inhibitors-in-the-regulation-of-protease-gene-expression-in-helicoverpa-armigera
#2
Purushottam R Lomate, Veena Dewangan, Neha Mahajan, Yashwant Kumar, Abhijeet Kulkarni, Li Wang, Smita Saxsena, Vidya S Gupta, Ashok P Giri
Insects adapt to plant protease inhibitors (PIs) present in their diet by differentially regulating multiple digestive proteases. However, mechanisms regulating protease gene expression in insects are largely enigmatic. Ingestion of multi-domain recombinant Capsicum annuum protease inhibitor-7 (CanPI-7) arrests growth and development of Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Using de novo RNA sequencing and proteomic analysis, we examined the response of H. armigera larvae fed on recombinant CanPI-7 at different time intervals...
April 16, 2018: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660895/rheological-characterization-of-an-in-vitro-model-for-salmonid-chyme-to-quantify-changes-in-feed-composition
#3
Mark Schumann, Alexander Brinker, Christian Friedrich
BACKGROUND: Developments in the production of aquacultural salmonid feeds in the last 20 years have led to extruded diets with extremely low water content and a shift from mainly marine fish based ingredients towards plant content. These changes expose the industry to the vagaries of the highly dynamic plant protein market. Resulting variations in the precise composition of aqua feeds may carry unpredictable consequences for water quality, since some plant ingredients cause undesirable reductions in the mechanical stability of faeces...
April 12, 2018: Biorheology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659968/healthy-plant-based-diets-are-associated-with-lower-risk-of-all-cause-mortality-in-us-adults
#4
Hyunju Kim, Laura E Caulfield, Casey M Rebholz
Background: Plant-based diets, often referred to as vegetarian diets, are associated with health benefits. However, the association with mortality is less clear. Objective: We investigated associations between plant-based diet indexes and all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality in a nationally representative sample of US adults. Methods: Analyses were based on 11,879 participants (20-80 y of age) from NHANES III (1988-1994) linked to data on all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality through 2011...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653365/bene%C3%AF-cial-health-effects-of-lupenone-triterpene-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Feng Xu, Xulong Huang, Hongmei Wu, Xiangpei Wang
There are a large number of new structure compounds with good pharmacological activity in the natural plants, can be applied to the treatment of human diseases. Finding active ingredients from the plants is one of the important ways to develop new drugs. Triterpenes are widespread in plants, and lupenone belongs to lupane type triterpenoids. Lupenone is very common natural ingredient distributed in multi-family plants including Asteraceae, Balanophoraceae, Cactaceae, Iridaceae, Musaceae, Urticaceae, Leguminosae, Bombacaceae, etc...
April 10, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644016/the-effect-of-oxidative-stress-towards-the-expression-of-thiamine-biosynthesis-genes-thic-and-thi1-thi4-in-oil-palm-elaeis-guineensis
#6
Zainor Hafisah Che Idris, Aisamuddin Ardi Zainal Abidin, Atiqah Subki, Zetty Norhana Balia Yusof
Thiamine is known to be an important compound in human diet and it is a cofactor required for vital metabolic processes such as acetyl-CoA biosynthesis, amino acid biosynthesis, Krebs and Calvin cycle. Besides that, thiamine has been shown to be involved in plant protection against stress. In this study, the level of expression of THIC and THI1/THI4, the genes for the first two enzymes in the thiamine biosynthesis pathway were observed when oil palm ( Elaeis guineensis ) was subjected to oxidative stress. Primers were designed based on the consensus sequence of thiamine biosynthesis genes obtained from Arabidopsis thaliana , Zea mays , Oryza sativa , and Alnus glutinosa ...
March 2018: Tropical Life Sciences Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642557/a-mediterranean-diet-model-in-australia-strategies-for-translating-the-traditional-mediterranean-diet-into-a-multicultural-setting
#7
Elena S George, Teagan Kucianski, Hannah L Mayr, George Moschonis, Audrey C Tierney, Catherine Itsiopoulos
Substantial evidence supports the effect of the Mediterranean Diet (MD) for managing chronic diseases, although trials have been primarily conducted in Mediterranean populations. The efficacy and feasibility of the Mediterranean dietary pattern for the management of chronic diseases has not been extensively evaluated in non-Mediterranean settings. This paper aims to describe the development of a MD model that complies with principles of the traditional MD applied in a multiethnic context. Optimal macronutrient and food-based composition was defined, and a two-week menu was devised incorporating traditional ingredients with evidence based on improvements in chronic disease management...
April 9, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627546/differential-contribution-of-animal-and-vegetable-food-items-on-persistent-organic-pollutant-serum-concentrations-in-spanish-adults-data-from-bioambient-es-project
#8
Juan Pedro Arrebola, Argelia Castaño, Marta Esteban, Mónica Bartolomé, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Juan José Ramos
Diet is considered the main source of Persistent Organic Pollutant (POP) exposure in the general population, although there are still several gaps of knowledge regarding the differential contribution of main food groups. The aim of this study was to identify dietary patterns that contribute to human exposure to organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and Perfluoroalkyl Substances (PFASs). Study population (n=1880, 18-65years old) was recruited during 2009-2010 in all the main geographical areas of Spain...
April 5, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618018/patterns-of-plant-and-animal-protein-intake-are-strongly-associated-with-cardiovascular-mortality-the-adventist-health-study-2-cohort
#9
Marion Tharrey, François Mariotti, Andrew Mashchak, Pierre Barbillon, Maud Delattre, Gary E Fraser
Background: Current evidence suggests that plant and animal proteins are intimately associated with specific large nutrient clusters that may explain part of their complex relation with cardiovascular health. We aimed at evaluating the association between specific patterns of protein intake with cardiovascular mortality. Methods: We selected 81 337 men and women from the Adventist Health Study-2. Diet was assessed between 2002 and 2007, by using a validated food frequency questionnaire...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614023/genomic-influence-in-the-prevention-of-cardiovascular-diseases-with-a-sterol-based-treatment
#10
Ismael San Mauro Martín, Javier Andrés Blumenfeld Olivares, Eva Pérez Arruche, Esperanza Arce Delgado, María José Ciudad Cabañas, Elena Garicano Vilar, Luis Collado Yurrita
Raised serum cholesterol concentration is a well-established risk factor in cardiovascular disease. In addition, genetic load may have an indirect influence on cardiovascular risk. Plant-based sterol-supplemented foods are recommended to help reduce the serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level. The objective was to analyse the influence of different polymorphisms in hypercholesterolemia patients following a dietary treatment with plant sterols. A randomised double-blind cross-over controlled clinical trial was carried out in 45 people (25 women)...
April 3, 2018: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609628/reconsideration-of-the-nomadic-condition-of-the-southernmost-guachichiles-based-on-the-relationship-with-their-environment
#11
Eric Mellink, Mónica E Riojas-López, José Antonio Rivera-Villanueva
BACKGROUND: The Guachichiles were a group of Chichimeca people that inhabited the southern and central parts of the Mexican Plateau. In the southern area of their distribution, they occupied and used the tunales, extensive forests of arborescent nopales (Opuntia spp.). Their pre-Columbian distribution was dissected by the Royal Silver Road established by the Spaniards, and this lead to them being main protagonists in the so-called Chichimeca War, during the sixteenth century. With very little first-hand documentation, the Guachichiles were described as savage, warring, primitive, hunting nomads, but little efforts have been done to understand their daily life habits...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599697/links-between-the-prophet-muhammad-pbuh-recommended-foods-and-disease-management-a-review-in-the-light-of-modern-superfoods
#12
REVIEW
Sharique A Ali, Naima Parveen, Ayesha S Ali
Nutrition and other bioactive natural products present in specific foods within a balanced diet play an indispensable role in maintaining and promoting human health. Plants are rich sources of a balanced nutrition because of high content of bioactive products; hence, most of them recently have acquired the status of superfoods. It has been used since ancient times for the treatment of various ailments, and these traditional medicines still remain as one of the most affordable and easily accessible sources of treatment in the primary health-care system...
March 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596375/comparative-performance-analysis-of-support-vector-machine-random-forest-logistic-regression-and-k-nearest-neighbours-in-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-classification-using-image-based-features
#13
Mohammadmehdi Saberioon, Petr Císař, Laurent Labbé, Pavel Souček, Pablo Pelissier, Thierry Kerneis
The main aim of this study was to develop a new objective method for evaluating the impacts of different diets on the live fish skin using image-based features. In total, one-hundred and sixty rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ) were fed either a fish-meal based diet (80 fish) or a 100% plant-based diet (80 fish) and photographed using consumer-grade digital camera. Twenty-three colour features and four texture features were extracted. Four different classification methods were used to evaluate fish diets including Random forest (RF), Support vector machine (SVM), Logistic regression (LR) and k -Nearest neighbours ( k -NN)...
March 29, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592809/exploring-the-potential-of-black-tea-based-flavonoids-against-hyperlipidemia-related-disorders
#14
Ali Imran, Masood Sadiq Butt, Muhammad Sajid Arshad, Muhammad Umair Arshad, Farhan Saeed, Muhammad Sohaib, Rizwan Munir
BACKGROUND: In recent decade, Hyperlipidemia related disorders like obesity, hypercholesterolemia and diabetes are considered as the leading killers for mankind. Fundamental nexus between nutrition and health diverting the consumers focus towards plant based natural products as a remedy against various metabolic syndrome. Considering this, present study was conducted to explicate the role of black tea polyphenols such as Theaflavins and thearubigins therapeutic potential to tackle targeted maladies especially oxidative stress related disorders like hypercholesterolemia and diabetes...
March 27, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581251/the-opportunity-cost-of-animal-based-diets-exceeds-all-food-losses
#15
Alon Shepon, Gidon Eshel, Elad Noor, Ron Milo
Food loss is widely recognized as undermining food security and environmental sustainability. However, consumption of resource-intensive food items instead of more efficient, equally nutritious alternatives can also be considered as an effective food loss. Here we define and quantify these opportunity food losses as the food loss associated with consuming resource-intensive animal-based items instead of plant-based alternatives which are nutritionally comparable, e.g., in terms of protein content. We consider replacements that minimize cropland use for each of the main US animal-based food categories...
March 26, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576363/hyperlipidemia-secondary-to-acitretin-therapy-for-lamellar-ichthyosis-associated-with-a-nipal4-mutation-improves-on-a-plant-based-diet-and-relapses-on-a-standard-western-diet
#16
Jonathan C Lin, Daniele Massera, Mohammad Ghalib, Robert Marion, Lauren Graf, Steven R Cohen, Robert J Ostfeld
Oral retinoids are commonly prescribed for many dermatological conditions and may induce hyperlipidemia. We document the case of a 35-year-old man taking acitretin for congenital lamellar ichthyosis associated with a homozygous deleterious mutation in NIPAL4 who developed retinoid-induced hyperlipidemia that responded dramatically to a whole-food plant-based (WFPB) diet. On presentation, his diet consisted of chicken, fish, low fat meats and dairy, grains, and some fruits and vegetables. He then adopted a WFPB diet without making changes to his medications...
April 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576250/dietary-inflammatory-index-or-mediterranean-diet-score-as-risk-factors-for-total-and-cardiovascular-mortality
#17
A M Hodge, J K Bassett, P-A Dugué, N Shivappa, J R Hébert, R L Milne, D R English, G G Giles
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dietary patterns are associated with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). We aimed to examine associations of the Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) and the Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS) with total, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality in the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study; and compare the strengths of the associations. METHODS AND RESULTS: In our prospective cohort study of 41,513 men and women aged 40-69 years, a food frequency questionnaire was completed at baseline and mortality data were obtained via linkage with local and national registries over an average of 19 years follow up...
February 7, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576039/performance-health-and-physiological-responses-of-newly-weaned-feedlot-cattle-supplemented-with-feed-grade-antibiotics-or-alternative-feed-ingredients
#18
K A de Souza, R F Cooke, K M Schubach, A P Brandão, T F Schumaher, I N Prado, R S Marques, D W Bohnert
With increased regulations regarding the use of feed-grade antimicrobials in livestock systems, alternative strategies to enhance growth and immunity of feedlot cattle are warranted. Hence, this experiment compared performance, health and physiological responses of cattle supplemented with feed-grade antibiotics or alternative feed ingredients during the initial 60 days in the feedlot. Angus×Hereford calves (63 steers+42 heifers) originating from two cow-calf ranches were weaned on day -3, obtained from an auction yard on day -2 and road-transported (800 km; 12 h) to the feedlot...
March 26, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575862/dietary-intake-of-antioxidants-and-fats-in-the-context-of-coronary-heart-disease-prevention-among-elderly-people
#19
Emilia Kolarzyk, Agata Skop-Lewandowska, Jagoda Jaworska, Agnieszka Ostachowska-Gąsior, Teresa Krzeszowska-Rosiek
INTRODUCTION: Some literature data indicate that the proper intake of exogenic antioxidants from food and the proper intake of fats can offer significant protection against coronary heart disease. OBJECTIVES: The estimation of total antioxidant capacity of food intake on the basis of Dietary Antioxidant Index (DAI), together with an assessment of the contribution of particular food products in DAI, and the evaluation of consumption of all dietary fats and frequency of consumption of products that are a source of fats among elderly people in Krakow, Poland...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575002/a-defined-plant-based-diet-utilized-in-an-outpatient-cardiovascular-clinic-effectively-treats-hypercholesterolemia-and-hypertension-and-reduces-medications
#20
Rami S Najjar, Carolyn E Moore, Baxter D Montgomery
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major economic burden in the United States. CVD risk factors, particularly hypertension and hypercholesterolemia, are typically treated with drug therapy. Five-year efficacy of such drugs to prevent CVD is estimated to be 5%. Plant-based diets have emerged as effective mitigators of these risk factors. HYPOTHESIS: The implementation of a defined, plant-based diet for 4 weeks in an outpatient clinical setting may mitigate CVD risk factors and reduce patient drug burden...
March 25, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
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