keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

plant-based diet

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918906/diet-and-the-risk-of-head-and-neck-cancer-among-never-smokers-and-smokers-in-a-chinese-population
#1
Carrie Butler, Yuan-Chin Amy Lee, Shuang Li, Qian Li, Chien-Jen Chen, Wan-Lun Hsu, Pen-Jen Lou, Cairong Zhu, Jian Pan, Hongbing Shen, Hongxia Ma, Lin Cai, Baochang He, Yu Wang, Xiaoyan Zhou, Qinghai Ji, Baosen Zhou, Wei Wu, Jie Ma, Paolo Boffetta, Zuo-Feng Zhang, Min Dai, Mia Hashibe
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been conducted in China to investigate the association between diet and the risk of head-and-neck cancer (HNC). The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between diet and HNC risk in the Chinese population and to examine whether smoking status has any effect on the risk. METHODS: Our multicenter case-control study included 921 HNC cases and 806 controls. We obtained information on the frequency of both animal- and plant-based food consumption...
December 2, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898907/apparent-total-tract-macronutrient-digestibility-fecal-characteristics-and-fecal-fermentative-end-product-concentrations-of-healthy-adult-dogs-fed-bioprocessed-soy-protein
#2
A N Beloshapka, M R C de Godoy, K B Detweiler, M Newcomb, K H Ellegård, G C Fahey, K S Swanson
Animal proteins are commonly used in extruded dog foods. Plant-based proteins have a more consistent nutrient profile than animal sources but may contain antinutritional factors, including trypsin inhibitors and oligosaccharides. Bioprocessed soy protein (SP; HP-300; Hamlet Protein, Inc., Findlay, OH) is a processed soy-based product with low antinutritional factor concentrations and high protein quality. The objective was to evaluate the effects of SP on apparent total tract macronutrient digestibility, fecal characteristics, and fecal fermentative end products...
September 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898676/dietary-butyrate-helps-to-restore-the-intestinal-status-of-a-marine-teleost-sparus-aurata-fed-extreme-diets-low-in-fish-meal-and-fish-oil
#3
Itziar Estensoro, Gabriel Ballester-Lozano, Laura Benedito-Palos, Fabian Grammes, Juan Antonio Martos-Sitcha, Liv-Torunn Mydland, Josep Alvar Calduch-Giner, Juan Fuentes, Vasileios Karalazos, Álvaro Ortiz, Margareth Øverland, Ariadna Sitjà-Bobadilla, Jaume Pérez-Sánchez
There is a constant need to find feed additives that improve health and nutrition of farmed fish and lessen the intestinal inflammation induced by plant-based ingredients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of adding an organic acid salt to alleviate some of the detrimental effects of extreme plant-ingredient substitution of fish meal (FM) and fish oil (FO) in gilthead sea bream diet. Three experiments were conducted. In a first trial (T1), the best dose (0.4%) of sodium butyrate (BP-70 ®NOREL) was chosen after a short (9-weeks) feeding period...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894200/differences-in-the-association-between-empirically-derived-dietary-patterns-and-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#4
Francesca Bella, Justyna Godos, Antonella Ippolito, Alessia Di Prima, Salvatore Sciacca
Plant-based dietary patterns have been associated with decreased cancer risk. The aim of the present study was to perform a meta-analysis of studies comparing empirically derived dietary patterns in relation to cancer risk. A systematic search of PubMed and EMBASE electronic databases was conducted. Eligible studies had an observational design and evaluated the association with cancer risk between a posteriori derived dietary patterns. Random-effects models were applied to calculate relative risks (RRs) of cancer between diets...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886704/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-vegetarian-diets
#5
Vesanto Melina, Winston Craig, Susan Levin
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that appropriately planned vegetarian, including vegan, diets are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits for the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. These diets are appropriate for all stages of the life cycle, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, adolescence, older adulthood, and for athletes. Plant-based diets are more environmentally sustainable than diets rich in animal products because they use fewer natural resources and are associated with much less environmental damage...
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881201/review-feeding-conserved-forage-to-horses-recent-advances-and-recommendations
#6
P A Harris, A D Ellis, M J Fradinho, A Jansson, V Julliand, N Luthersson, A S Santos, I Vervuert
The horse is a non-ruminant herbivore adapted to eating plant-fibre or forage-based diets. Some horses are stabled for most or the majority of the day with limited or no access to fresh pasture and are fed preserved forage typically as hay or haylage and sometimes silage. This raises questions with respect to the quality and suitability of these preserved forages (considering production, nutritional content, digestibility as well as hygiene) and required quantities. Especially for performance horses, forage is often replaced with energy dense feedstuffs which can result in a reduction in the proportion of the diet that is forage based...
November 24, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881064/functional-foods-for-health-the-interrelated-antioxidant-and-anti-inflammatory-role-of-fruits-vegetables-herbs-spices-and-cocoa-in-humans
#7
Mauro Serafini, Ilaria Peluso
The health benefits of plant food-based diets could be related to both integrated antioxidant and anti-inflammatory mechanisms exerted by a wide array of phytochemicals present in fruit, vegetables, herbs and spices. Therefore, there is mounting interest in identifying foods, food extracts and phytochemicals formulations from plant sources which are able to efficiently modulate oxidative and inflammatory stress to prevent diet-related diseases. This paper reviews available evidence about the effect of supplementation with selected fruits, vegetables, herbs, spices and their extracts or galenic formulation on combined markers of redox and inflammatory status in humans...
November 22, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871943/understanding-the-attitudes-and-perceptions-of-vegetarian-and-plant-based-diets-to-shape-future-health-promotion-programs
#8
REVIEW
Tricia Corrin, Andrew Papadopoulos
Vegetarian diets have become a prominent area of interest. However, little research has focused on the attitudes and perceptions on vegetarian diets. The purpose of this scoping review was to methodologically search the literature and summarize public perceptions and attitudes towards a vegetarian diet. Using the information found from this review, the Health Belief Model can be applied to shape future health promotion initiatives to move individuals towards a vegetarian or plant-based diet. The main findings indicate that vegetarian diets are generally perceived in a positive light...
November 18, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870287/potential-of-tannin-rich-plants-leucaena-leucocephala-glyricidia-sepium-and-manihot-esculenta-to-reduce-enteric-methane-emissions-in-sheep
#9
H Archimède, M Rira, D J Barde, F Labirin, C Marie-Magdeleine, B Calif, F Periacarpin, J Fleury, Y Rochette, D P Morgavi, M Doreau
An in vivo trial was conducted in sheep to investigate the effect of three tropical tannin-rich plants (TRP) on methane emission, intake and digestibility. The TRP used were leaves of Glyricidia sepium, Leucaena leucocephala and Manihot esculenta that contained, respectively, 39, 75 and 92 g condensed tannins/kg DM. Methane was determined with the sulphur hexafluoride tracer technique. Eight rumen-cannulated sheep of two breeds (four Texel, four Blackbelly) were used in two 4 × 4 Latin square designs. Four experimental diets were tested...
December 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868444/-plant-based-diets-a-review
#10
Zoltán Szabó, Attila Erdélyi, Andrea Gubicskóné Kisbenedek, Tamás Ungár, Éva Lászlóné Polyák, Szilvia Szekeresné Szabó, Réka Erika Kovács, László Bence Raposa, Mária Figler
Plant-based diet is an old-new trend in nutrition. In this review based on a historical context, we wish to introduce this popular nutritional trend. Our aim is to present plant-based diet as a primary measure for prevention. We intend to critically analyse some past stereotypes related to plant-based diet - whose main components include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts and seeds - according to the literature (e.g. protein, vitamin B12, folic acid, and iron intake) by doing so we wish to create an adequate conceptual basis for its interpretation...
November 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859709/dietary-chicory-root-and-chicory-inulin-trigger-changes-in-energetic-metabolism-stress-prevention-and-cytoskeletal-proteins-in-the-liver-of-growing-pigs-a-proteomic-study
#11
A Lepczyński, A Herosimczyk, M Ożgo, M Marynowska, M Pawlikowska, M Barszcz, M Taciak, J Skomiał
Currently, a wide array of plant preparations exerting health-promoting properties are commonly used as feed additives. Among them, Cichorium intybus L. have gained considerable attention as a source of compounds showing prebiotic character. Large body of evidence suggests that products of prebiotic fermentation (short-chain fatty acids) may influence the expression of genes encoding liver enzymes involved in the regulation of energetic metabolism. Given the above, the present study was aimed at estimating the influence of a diet supplemented with chicory root or water extract of chicory inulin on liver proteome in growing pigs...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851745/testing-dietary-hypotheses-of-east-african-hominines-using-buccal-dental-microwear-data
#12
Laura Mónica Martínez, Ferran Estebaranz-Sánchez, Jordi Galbany, Alejandro Pérez-Pérez
There is much debate on the dietary adaptations of the robust hominin lineages during the Pliocene-Pleistocene transition. It has been argued that the shift from C3 to C4 ecosystems in Africa was the main factor responsible for the robust dental and facial anatomical adaptations of Paranthropus taxa, which might be indicative of the consumption of fibrous, abrasive plant foods in open environments. However, occlusal dental microwear data fail to provide evidence of such dietary adaptations and are not consistent with isotopic evidence that supports greater C4 food intake for the robust clades than for the gracile australopithecines...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843721/antioxidant-nutrition-in-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-parr-and-post-smolt-fed-diets-with-high-inclusion-of-plant-ingredients-and-graded-levels-of-micronutrients-and-selected-amino-acids
#13
Kristin Hamre, Nini H Sissener, Erik-Jan Lock, Pål A Olsvik, Marit Espe, Bente E Torstensen, Joana Silva, Johan Johansen, Rune Waagbø, Gro-Ingunn Hemre
The shift from marine to plant-based ingredients in fish feeds affects the dietary concentrations and bioavailability of micronutrients, amino acids and lipids and consequently warrants a re-evaluation of dietary nutrient recommendations. In the present study, an Atlantic salmon diet high in plant ingredients was supplemented with graded levels of nutrient premix (NP), containing selected amino acids, taurine, cholesterol, vitamins and minerals. This article presents the results on the antioxidant nutrients vitamin C, E and selenium (Se), and effects on tissue redox status...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836721/the-european-seabass-dicentrarchus-labrax-innate-immunity-and-gut-health-are-modulated-by-dietary-plant-protein-inclusion-and-prebiotic-supplementation
#14
Rita Azeredo, Marina Machado, Eva Kreuz, Sven Wuertz, Aires Oliva-Teles, Paula Enes, Benjamín Costas
Inclusion of prebiotics in aqua feeds, though a costly strategy, has increased as a means to improve growth. Still, its effects on health improvement are not fully disclosed. Regarding their immunestimulatory properties, research has focused on carbohydrates such as fructooligosaccharides and xylooligosaccharides demonstrating their modulatory effects on immune defences in higher vertebrates but few studies have been done on their impact on fish immunity. Replacing fish meal (FM) by plant protein (PP) sources is a current practice in the aquaculture business but their content in antinutrients is still a drawback in terms of gut well-functioning...
November 9, 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833908/exploratory-analysis-of-the-links-among-food-consumption-profiles-prenatal-androgens-and-selected-measures-of-quality-of-life
#15
Klaudia Modlinska, Wojciech Pisula
Prenatal sex steroids play a vital role in the development of the whole organism, and therefore also the brain. Exposure of the fetus to testosterone seems to be of special importance both for typical development and pathology. The key factor impacting offspring development (including prenatal androgen levels) appears to be diet, both in terms of shortage and excessive intake of certain food products. Prenatal steroid levels are measured using the ratio of the lengths of the second and fourth fingers (2D:4D)...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829485/the-impact-of-doubling-dairy-or-plant-based-foods-on-consumption-of-nutrients-of-concern-and-proper-bone-health-for-adolescent-females
#16
Elieke Demmer, Christopher J Cifelli, Jenny A Houchins, Victor L Fulgoni
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of increasing plant-based foods v. dairy foods on energy and nutrients of concern in adolescent females via diet modelling exercises. DESIGN: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to compare nutrient intakes from usual diet with those from three dietary scenarios that increased current intakes by 100 % of the following: (i) plant-based foods; (ii) protein-rich plant-based foods; and (iii) milk, cheese and yoghurt...
November 10, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819479/diversity-of-formyltetrahydrofolate-synthetase-genes-in-the-rumens-of-roe-deer-capreolus-pygargus-and-sika-deer-cervus-nippon-fed-different-diets
#17
Zhipeng Li, Gemma Henderson, Yahan Yang, Guangyu Li
Reductive acetogenesis by homoacetogens represents an alternative pathway to methanogenesis to remove metabolic hydrogen during rumen fermentation. In this study, we investigated the occurrence of homoacetogen in the rumens of pasture-fed roe deer (Capreolus pygargus) and sika deer (Cervus nippon) fed either oak-leaf-based (tannin-rich, 100 mg/kg dried matter), corn-stover-based, or corn-silage-based diets, by using formyltetrahydrofolate synthetase (FTHFS) gene sequences as a marker. The diversity and richness of FTHFS sequences was lowest in animals fed oak leaf, indicating that tannin-containing plants may affect rumen homoacetogen diversity...
August 23, 2016: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817089/evaluation-of-physicochemical-and-glycaemic-properties-of-commercial-plant-based-milk-substitutes
#18
Stephanie Jeske, Emanuele Zannini, Elke K Arendt
The market for plant-based dairy-type products is growing as consumers replace bovine milk in their diet, for medical reasons or as a lifestyle choice. A screening of 17 different commercial plant-based milk substitutes based on different cereals, nuts and legumes was performed, including the evaluation of physicochemical and glycaemic properties. Half of the analysed samples had low or no protein contents (<0.5 %). Only samples based on soya showed considerable high protein contents, matching the value of cow's milk (3...
November 5, 2016: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812169/bryophyte-feeders-in-a-basal-brachyceran-lineage-diptera-rhagionidae-spaniinae-adult-oviposition-behavior-and-changes-in-the-larval-mouthpart-morphology-accompanied-with-the-diet-shifts
#19
Yume Imada, Makoto Kato
Dipteran larval morphology exhibits overwhelming variety, affected by their diverse feeding habits and habitat use. In particular, larval mouthpart morphology is associated with feeding behavior, providing key taxonomic traits. Despite most larval Brachycera being carnivorous, a basal brachyceran family, Rhagionidae, contains bryophyte-feeding taxa with multiple feeding habits. To elucidate the life history, biology, and morphological evolution of the bryophyte-feeding rhagionids, the larval feeding behavior and morphology, and the adult oviposition behavior of four species belonging to three genera of Spaniinae (Spania Meigen, Litoleptis Chillcott and Ptiolina Zetterstedt) are described...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808103/adaptive-capacities-from-survival-to-stress-responses-of-two-isogenic-lines-of-rainbow-trout-fed-a-plant-based-diet
#20
B Sadoul, A Foucard, C Valotaire, L Labbé, L Goardon, J M LeCalvez, F Médale, E Quillet, M Dupont-Nivet, I Geurden, P Prunet, V Colson
The composition of feed for farmed salmonids has strongly evolved during the last decades due to the substitution of fishery-derived fish oil and fishmeal by ingredients of plant origin. Little information is available regarding the effects of this transition on adaptive capacities in fish. Two rainbow trout isogenic lines, known for their divergent ability to grow on a plant-based diet (PBD), were fed for seven months from first feeding either a fully PBD or a control marine-resources diet and were compared for their growing and survival capacities over time and their behavioral and stress responses at similar sizes but different ages...
November 3, 2016: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
3708
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"