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Maxillofacial surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027958/adipose-tissue-as-a-strategic-source-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-bone-regeneration-a-topical-review-on-the-most-promising-craniomaxillofacial-applications
#1
REVIEW
Francesco Paduano, Massimo Marrelli, Massimiliano Amantea, Carlo Rengo, Sandro Rengo, Michel Goldberg, Gianrico Spagnuolo, Marco Tatullo
Bone regeneration in craniomaxillofacial surgery represents an issue that involves both surgical and aesthetic aspects. The most recent studies on bone tissue engineering involving adipose-derived stromal/stem cells (ASCs) have clearly demonstrated that such cells can play a crucial role in the treatment of craniomaxillofacial defects, given their strong commitment towards the osteogenic phenotype. A deeper knowledge of the molecular mechanisms underlying ASCs is crucial for a correct understanding of the potentialities of ASCs-based therapies in the most complex maxillofacial applications...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026968/clinical-outcome-social-impact-and-patient-expectation-a-purposive-sampling-pilot-evaluation-of-patients-in-benin-seven-years-after-surgery
#2
Michelle C White, Kirsten Randall, Esther Avara, Jenny Mullis, Gary Parker, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: Access to affordable and timely surgery is not equitable around the world. Five billion people lack access, and while non-governmental organizations (NGOs) help to meet this need, long-term surgical outcomes, social impact or patient experience is rarely reported. METHOD: In 2016, Mercy Ships, a surgical NGO, undertook an evaluation of patients who had received surgery seven years earlier with Mercy Ships in 2009 in Benin. Using purposive sampling, patients who had received maxillofacial, plastics or orthopedic surgery were invited to attend a surgical evaluation day...
October 12, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023221/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-phototherapy-in-patients-with-mandibular-fracture-on-mandibular-dynamics-pain-edema-and-bite-force-a-pilot-study
#3
Leandro Lauriti, João Gualberto de Cerqueira Luz, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita-Ferrari, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes, Alessandro Melo Deana, Anna Carolina Ratto Tempestini Horliana, Larissa Costa-Santos, Aldo Brugnera Junior, Sandra Kalil Bussadori
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of phototherapy on bite force, facial swelling, mandibular movements, and pain in patients having undergone surgical treatment for mandibular fractures. BACKGROUND: These are among the predominant types of facial fractures, and treatment involving surgical fixation with titanium plates is one of the most common procedures in oral-maxillofacial surgery. Phototherapy has been used to accelerate the muscle healing process and significantly improves muscle regeneration by inducing the formation of new muscle fibers...
October 12, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019579/epidemiological-study-of-facial-fractures-at-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-service-santa-casa-de-misericordia-hospital-complex-porto-alegre-rs-brazil
#4
Rodrigo Andrighetti Zamboni, João Carlos Birnfeld Wagner, Maurício Roth Volkweis, Eduardo Luis Gerhardt, Elissa Muller Buchmann, Caren Serra Bavaresco
OBJECTIVES: to investigate the incidence and etiology of face trauma with diagnosis of facial fracture treated at the Buccomaxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology Service of the Santa Casa de Misericórdia Hospital Complex in Porto Alegre. METHODS: we conducted a cross-sectional, retrospective epidemiological study of 134 trauma victims with 153 facial fractures. RESULTS: the male gender was the most affected (86.6%) and the incidence was higher in the age group from 21 to 30 years...
September 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016574/microvascular-free-flaps-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-reconstruction-following-cancer-ablation
#5
Santosh Kumar Yadav, Suraksha Shrestha
Microsurgical free flaps have become the first choice for reconstruction of oral and maxillofacial (OMF) defects after tumor resection. Till recently the pectoralis major myocutaneous flap (PMMC) was considered to be the benchmark for OMF reconstruction. This philosophy is changing fast with rapid advancement in reconstructive microsurgery. Years of innovation in reconstructive microsurgery has given us a reasonably good number of excellent flaps. Tremendous work has been put into producing some exceptionally brilliant research articles, sometimes contradicting each other...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991941/fever-rash-and-leukopenia-in-a-32-year-old-man-%C3%A2-dx
#6
Robert Gauer, Collin Hu, Lindsey Beaman
A 32-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with fever, chills, malaise, leukopenia, and a rash. About 3 weeks earlier, he'd had oral maxillofacial surgery and started a 10-day course of prophylactic amoxicillin/clavulanic acid. Fifteen days after the surgery, he developed a fever (temperature, 103° F), chills, arthralgia, myalgia, cough, diarrhea, and malaise. He was seen by his physician, who obtained a chest x-ray showing a lingular infiltrate. The physician diagnosed influenza and pneumonia in this patient, and prescribed oseltamivir, azithromycin, and an additional course of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid...
October 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987233/controversies-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#7
EDITORIAL
Luis G Vega, Daniel J Meara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987231/controversies-in-anesthesia-for-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#8
REVIEW
Brett J King, Adam Levine
The future of office-based anesthesia for oral and maxillofacial surgery is at risk. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons have been on the forefront of providing safe and effective outpatient anesthesia for decades. Recent changes in Medicare policies have had, and will continue to have, a significant effect on the training of oral and maxillofacial surgery residents regarding anesthesia. The outcome of these changes can have a major effect on the specialty of oral and maxillofacial surgery and a cornerstone of the profession...
November 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987224/controversies-in-traditional-oral-and-maxillofacial-reconstruction
#9
REVIEW
John S Vorrasi, Antonia Kolokythas
Traditional reconstruction of the head and neck and significantly evolved over the last 20 to 30 years with advances in microvascular surgery, biologic materials such as bone morphogenic protein, and dental implant predictability. Earlier and more definitive reconstruction can now be achieved with combining therapies, allowing patients immediate restoration of function and improved cosmetics. Antiresorptive medications, such as Denosumab and bisphosphonates, have complicated bony reconstruction treatments with altered biology and less-predictable results...
November 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987222/controversies-in-dentoalveolar-and-preprosthetic-surgery
#10
REVIEW
Deepak G Krishnan
Dentoalveolar surgeries are among the more common procedures performed by oral maxillofacial surgeons. It is only natural that there are several controversies associated with many aspects of this type of surgery. Although good scientific evidence is the basis of most oral maxillofacial procedures, some of what is accepted as common wisdom may not meet strict guidelines of evidence-based practice. This article explores some controversies that are relevant to the current practice of dentoalveolar surgery.
November 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979575/implantology-and-periodontal-disease-the-panacea-to-problem-solving
#11
Giovanni Matarese, Luca Ramaglia, Luca Fiorillo, Gabriele Cervino, Floriana Lauritano, Gaetano Isola
INTRODUCTION: The specialty of periodontology has changed dramatically in recent years. With the long-standing goal of retaining teeth in a functional and esthetical state, the periodontology has developed a high level of expertise in the regeneration of bone and connective tissues that support the teeth. However, periodontists have also joined maxillofacial surgeons as the primary providers of implant surgery. METHODS: The tremendous innovations of periodontists induced also by the marketplace resulted in predictable periodontal treatment outcomes for most patients by the implants led to a dramatically different marketplace in which many patients with periodontitis can be treated by the implants rather than the traditional periodontal treatment...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969192/effect-of-2-nasal-mupirocin-ointment-on-decreasing-complications-of-nasotracheal-intubation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Kourosh Taheri Talesh, Reza Movassaghi Gargary, Seyed Ahmad Arta, Javad Yazdani, Monireh Roshandel, Milad Ghanizadeh, Hossein Samadi Kafil, Mir Naser Seyyed Mousavi
INTRODUCTION: In oral and maxillofacial surgeries, nasotracheal intubation is carried out to increase the surgeon's access to the oral cavity. During nasotracheal intubation the risk of trauma is higher than that in orotracheal intubation as there is passage of the tube through the mucosa of the nasal tract due to which bacteria might get transported into the trachea. AIM: To evaluate the effect of 2% nasal mupirocin ointment before and after nasotracheal intubation on decreasing the complications of intubation for oral and maxillofacial surgeries...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963869/is-formal-research-training-associated-with-academic-success-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#13
Jesse T Han, Mark A Egbert, Thomas B Dodson, Srinivas M Susarla
PURPOSE: Pursuing promotion in academic rank and seeking funded research opportunities are core elements of academic practice. Our purpose was to assess whether formal research training influences academic rank or National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding among full-time academic oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMSs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of full-time academic OMSs in the United States. The primary predictor variable was completion of formal research training, defined as a research fellowship or advanced non-clinical doctoral research degree (PhD, DMSc, DPH, DPhil, ScD)...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951372/-prior-periodontal-intervention-lowers-incidence-of-lower-respiratory-infection-in-patients-receiving-oral-and-maxillofacial-tumor-surgery
#14
Jie You, Ya-Jie Yang, Li-Yan Liu, Chen Hu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether periodontal infection is a risk factor for lower respiratory infection patients receiving oral and maxillofacial tumor surgery. METHODS: Patients undergoing oral and maxillofacial surgery for tumors with concurrent periodontal disease between January, 2012 and December, 2016 were randomized into periodontal intervention group and control group (treated with gargle solution containing chlorhexidine gluconate). The one-time periodontal intervention was completed within 24 h in the intervention group and two-week mouthwash was prescribed in the control group before oral and maxillofacial tumor surgery...
September 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947890/the-prevalence-of-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-different-sites-of-oral-cavity-at-our-rural-health-care-centre-in-loni-maharashtra-a-retrospective-10-year-study
#15
Parul Tandon, Anuj Dadhich, Harish Saluja, Shilpa Bawane, Shivani Sachdeva
AIM OF THE STUDY: Oral cancer ranks in the top three of all cancers in India and is quickly becoming a global health priority. More than 90% of oral and oropharyngeal cancers are squamous cell carcinoma. The purpose of this study was to document its incidence depending upon the involvement of different sites of oral cavity, and its variation with age and gender. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Histopathologically proven oral squamous cell carcinoma cases were collected from the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery RDC, PIMS...
2017: Contemporary Oncology Współczesna Onkologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944220/determinants-for-further-wishes-for-cosmetic-and-reconstructive-interventions-in-1652-patients-with-surgical-treated-carcinomas-of-the-oral-cavity
#16
Henrik Holtmann, Simon Spalthoff, Nils-Claudius Gellrich, Jörg Handschel, Julian Lommen, Norbert R Kübler, Gertrud Krüskemper, Majeed Rana, Karoline Sander
BACKGROUND: The impairment of the appearance is a major problem for patients with carcinomas of the oral cavity. These patients want to recover their preoperative facial appearance. Some do not realize that this is not always possible and hence develop a desire for further cosmetic and reconstructive surgery (CRS) which often causes psychological problems. METHOD: The desire of patients for CRS (N = 410; 26%) has been acquired in this DÖSAK rehab study including multiple reasons such as medical, functional, aesthetic and psychosocial aspects...
December 2017: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938323/neck-surgery-under-local-anesthesia
#17
Bojan Obradovic
The value of local anesthesia (LA) is widely recognized in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Many procedures can be performed with the use of local anesthetic alone, instilled at or near the site of surgery.The author presents a patient with neck tumor, where the tumor removal was managed under LA at outpatient clinic. Treatment and postoperative period was routine.Neck surgery under LA in outpatient environment shows a great potential in adequately selected patients.
September 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936292/evolution-of-oral-cancer-treatment-in-an-andalusian-population-sample-rehabilitation-with-prosthetic-obturation-and-removable-partial-prosthesis
#18
Rafael Flores-Ruiz, Lizette Castellanos-Cosano, María-Angeles Serrera-Figallo, Aida Gutiérrez-Corrales, Maribel Gonzalez-Martin, Jose-Luis Gutiérrez-Pérez, Daniel Torres-Lagares
BACKGROUND: Radical surgical resection as a treatment modality for oral cancer often leads to an extensive deficit in both the maxillary and mandibular levels, where the use of a palatal obturator prosthesis (POP) or removable partial denture (RPP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the treatment with POP and RPP in patients treated for oral cancer in the Unit of Prosthetic Rehabilitation of the University Hospital Virgen del Rocío in a period of 20 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective descriptive study during the years 1991 and 2011 analyzing oral cancer type, characteristics, treatment and follow-up...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936287/evaluation-of-orthognathic-surgery-on-articular-disc-position-and-temporomandibular-joint-symptoms-in-skeletal-class-ii-patients-a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#19
Gholamreza Firoozei, Shirin Shahnaseri, Hasan Momeni, Parisa Soltani
BACKGROUND: The purpose of orthognathic surgery is to correct facial deformity and dental malocclusion and to obtain normal orofacial function. However, there are controversies of whether orthognathic surgery might have any negative influence on temporomandibular (TM) joint. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of orthognathic surgery on articular disc position and temporomandibular joint symptoms of skeletal CI II patients by means of magnetic resonance imaging. MATERIAL AND METHODS: For this purpose, fifteen patients with skeletal CI II malocclusion, aged 19-32 years (mean 23 years), 10 women and 5 men, from the Isfahan Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery were studied...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932988/surgical-treatment-of-painful-inferior-alveolar-nerve-injuries-following-endodontic-treatment-a-consecutive-case-series-of-seven-patients
#20
Federico Biglioli, Otilija Kutanovaite, Luca Autelitano, Alessandro Lozza, Laura Moneghini, Gaetano Bulfamante, Fabiana Allevi
PURPOSE: Injuries of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) related to endodontic treatment are being increasingly reported. However, consensus on the preferred intervention and the timing of and indications for surgical treatment is lacking. Here, we describe our experience with painful IAN injuries arising from endodontic treatment and requiring prompt microsurgical treatment. METHODS: Seven consecutive patients with painful IAN injuries were referred to the Maxillofacial Surgery Unit of San Paolo Hospital in Milan...
September 20, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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