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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350001/-analysis-of-complications-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy
#1
Ke-Lun Huang, Hong-Lin Teng, Min-Yu Zhu, Jing Wang, Chi Li, Yu Wang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the complications of lumbar intervertebral disc herniation treated with percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy(PELD), and discuss how to avoid these complications. METHODS: The data of 132 patients with lumbar intervertebral disc herniation underwent PELD from October 2013 and June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed, including 85 males and 47 females with an average age of 42.9 years old. There were 6 cases of L₃,₄, 68 of L₄,₅ and 58 of L₅S₁...
February 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338984/practical-guidelines-for-performing-laparoscopic-liver-resection-based-on-the-second-international-laparoscopic-liver-consensus-conference
#2
REVIEW
Jai Young Cho, Ho-Seong Han, Go Wakabayashi, Olivier Soubrane, David Geller, Nicholas O'Rourke, Joseph Buell, Daniel Cherqui
Laparoscopic liver resection is rapidly increasing, and certain types of resection are considered standard procedures for liver resection, especially for small malignant tumors located on the liver surface or in the anterolateral segments of the liver. Several specialized centers have performed many types of highly complex hepatectomies, anatomical resections, and laparoscopic donor hepatectomies. Even though several international consensus conferences and expert meetings have been held, until now there have been no practical guidelines for beginners or experts conducting laparoscopic liver resection...
January 6, 2018: Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319737/a-non-living-effective-model-for-microvascular-training
#3
Cristina Pires Camargo, Daniel Imbassahy de Sa Bittencourt de Camara E Silva, Fauze Camargo Maluf, Julio Morais-Besteiro, Rolf Gemperli
PURPOSE: To introduce a nonliving microvascular training model based on vessels diameter and feasibility. METHODS: We dissected ten oxen tongues, and divided the pedicles into three-thirds: proximal, middle and distal. We measured the external vessels diameter in all regions. We performed a descriptive statistical analysis. Three students (two beginner level and one intermediate level) performed this training. We evaluated the confidence, according Likert scale...
December 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313580/presenting-research-paper-learning-the-steps
#4
Sandeep B Bavdekar, Varun Anand, Shruti Vyas
For a beginner, presenting a research paper at a conference as a podium presentation can be a daunting task. She is required to choose an appropriate conference for presentation, prepare an abstract, prepare slides and the speech that goes parallel with the slides and train oneself to answer questions posed by the audience. She has also got to overcome the fear of speaking in public and conquer the phobia of encountering a hostile audience ready to shred her paper to pieces. This communication intends to provide useful tips on how to go about preparing and presenting a research paper...
September 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312845/transforaminal-percutaneous-endoscopic-discectomy-using-transforaminal-endoscopic-spine-system-technique-pitfalls-that-a-beginner-should-avoid
#5
REVIEW
Stylianos Kapetanakis, Grigorios Gkasdaris, Antonios G Angoules, Panagiotis Givissis
Transforaminal Percutaneous Endoscopic Discectomy (TPED) is a minimally invasive technique mainly used for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation from a lateral approach. Performed under local anesthesia, TPED has been proven to be a safe and effective technique which has been also associated with shorter rehabilitation period, reduced blood loss, trauma, and scar tissue compared to conventional procedures. However, the procedure should be performed by a spine surgeon experienced in the specific technique and capable of recognizing or avoiding various challenging conditions...
December 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302087/moving-from-novice-to-expertise-and-its-implications-for-instruction
#6
REVIEW
Adam M Persky, Jennifer D Robinson
Objective: To address the stages of expertise development, what differentiates a novice from an expert, and how the development and differences impact how we teach our classes or design the curriculum. This paper will also address the downside of expertise and discuss the importance of teaching expertise relative to domain expertise. Summary: Experts develop through years of experience and by progressing from novice, advance beginner, proficient, competent, and finally expert. These stages are contingent on progressive problem solving, which means individuals must engage in increasingly complex problems, strategically aligned with the learner's stage of development...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286462/repeated-blood-collection-from-tail-vein-of-non-anesthetized-rats-with-a-vacuum-blood-collection-system
#7
Wusong Zou, Yanqun Yang, Ye Gu, Pengfei Zhu, Mingjing Zhang, Zhong Cheng, Xiaoyan Liu, Yijun Yu, Xiaohong Peng
Blood can be collected from rats in a number of sampling locations. For instance, the tail vein is a superior location for blood sampling. However, the tail vein is thin so that it is sometimes hard to puncture. In addition, the tail vein has low blood flow and requires a long sampling time to get sufficient blood. The present report describes a simple blood sampling method, the vacuum blood collection method, which is usually used to obtain blood samples from patients, here used for non-anesthetized rats. The 22 G butterfly needle tip was inserted into one of the lateral tail veins approximately 2-3 cm from the tip of the tail at an angle of approximately 20°, and blood was collected in the vacuum collection tube by inserting the rubber end of the butterfly needle into the vacuum blood collection tube...
December 10, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282799/a-beginner-s-guide-to-gene-editing
#8
Patrick T Harrison, Stephen Hart
Genome editing enables precise changes to be made in the genome of living cells. The technique was originally developed in the 1980's but largely limited to use in mice. The discovery that a targeted double stranded break (DSB) at a unique site in the genome, close to the site to be changed, could substantially increase the efficiency of editing raised the possibility of using the technique in a broader range of animal models and potentially human cells. But the challenge was to identify reagents that could create targeted breaks at a unique genomic location with minimal off-target effects...
December 28, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279661/setting-benchmarks-for-the-new-user-training-on-the-robotic-simulator
#9
Shayan M Dioun, Nicole D Fleming, Mark F Munsell, Joseph Lee, Pedro T Ramirez, Pamela T Soliman
Background and Objectives: Data showing the impact of the robotic simulator on fellowship training are limited. This study was conducted to determine whether simulator scores reflect the experience of the robotic gynecologic surgeon and to develop a simulator curriculum for trainees in gynecologic oncology. Methods: All faculty and fellows in the Department of Gynecologic Oncology and Reproductive Medicine were asked to participate. For phase 1, all participants were divided into 2 groups based on robotic surgical experience: beginner (0-50 cases) and experienced (>50 cases)...
October 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274524/undergraduate-nursing-students-experience-related-to-their-clinical-learning-environment-and-factors-affecting-to-their-clinical-learning-process
#10
Burcu Arkan, Yaprak Ordin, Dilek Yılmaz
Clinical education is an essential part of nursing education. The purpose of this study was to explore nurse students' experiences related to cinical learning environments, factors effecting to clinical learning process. Descriptive qualitative design was used in this study, and data were collected from 2nd class nursing student (n = 14). The study took the form of in-depth interviews between August-October 2015. The qualitative interviews were analyzed by using simple content analysis. Data were analyzed manually...
December 15, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245168/-school-entrance-examination-for-lateral-entrants-what-can-and-what-should-they-be-able-to-do-a-discussion-contribution-based-on-the-data-from-the-health-authority-frankfurt-am-main-2006-2016
#11
Maria Karathana, Bernhard Krackhardt, Manuela Schade, Ursel Heudorf
Question The medical investigation of school beginners is one of the essential tasks of the child and youth services of the health authorities. While in all federal states in Germany, the examination of all school beginners is legally clearly stipulated, the situation for "lateral entry", that is, children of school age, who are moving from a foreign country to a local German community and attending school there, is not clearly regulated in the respective school laws. This article presents the experiences of the lateral entry investigations in Frankfurt am Main...
December 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234465/ten-quick-tips-for-machine-learning-in-computational-biology
#12
REVIEW
Davide Chicco
Machine learning has become a pivotal tool for many projects in computational biology, bioinformatics, and health informatics. Nevertheless, beginners and biomedical researchers often do not have enough experience to run a data mining project effectively, and therefore can follow incorrect practices, that may lead to common mistakes or over-optimistic results. With this review, we present ten quick tips to take advantage of machine learning in any computational biology context, by avoiding some common errors that we observed hundreds of times in multiple bioinformatics projects...
2017: BioData Mining
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231953/fundamental-tongue-motions-for-trumpet-playing-a-study-using-cine-magnetic-resonance-imaging-cine-mri
#13
Hiroko Furuhashi, Toru Chikui, Daisuke Inadomi, Tomoko Shiraishi, Kazunori Yoshiura
OBJECTIVE: Though the motions of structures outside the mouth in trumpet performance have been reported, the dynamics of intraoral structures remain unelucidated. This study explored the tongue's movement in trumpet playing using cine magnetic resonance imaging (cine MRI) and demonstrated the effects of intraoral anatomical structures on changes in pitch and dynamics. METHODS: Cine MRI was applied to 18 trumpet players, who were divided into two groups (7 beginner, 11 advanced) based on their ability to play a certain high note...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213226/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs-a-beginner-s-guide-for-design-and-implementation
#14
Hayley Thair, Amy L Holloway, Roger Newport, Alastair D Smith
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a popular brain stimulation method that is used to modulate cortical excitability, producing facilitatory or inhibitory effects upon a variety of behaviors. There is, however, a current lack of consensus between studies, with many results suggesting that polarity-specific effects are difficult to obtain. This article explores some of these differences and highlights the experimental parameters that may underlie their occurrence. We provide a general, practical snapshot of tDCS methodology, including what it is used for, how to use it, and considerations for designing an effective and safe experiment...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209252/role-of-a-semiotics-based-curriculum-in-empathy-enhancement-a-longitudinal-study-in-three-dominican-medical-schools
#15
Montserrat San-Martín, Roberto Delgado-Bolton, Luis Vivanco
Background: Empathy in the context of patient care is defined as a predominantly cognitive attribute that involves an understanding of the patient's experiences, concerns, and perspectives, combined with a capacity to communicate this understanding and an intention to help. In medical education, it is recognized that empathy can be improved by interventional approaches. In this sense, a semiotic-based curriculum could be an important didactic tool for improving medical empathy. The main purpose of this study was to determine if in medical schools where a semiotic-based curriculum is offered, the empathetic orientation of medical students improves as a consequence of the acquisition and development of students' communication skills that are required in clinician-patient encounters...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205507/current-status-of-holmium-laser-enucleation-of-the-prostate
#16
REVIEW
Katsumi Shigemura, Masato Fujisawa
There are several options for the surgical management of benign prostatic hyperplasia representatively from transurethral resection of the prostate. Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate is one of those options, and many institutions and urologists have initiated this technique, and most of them have accomplished better outcomes compared with transurethral resection of the prostate. In contrast to transurethral resection of the prostate, which requires a similar procedure to transurethral resection of bladder tumors, holmium laser enucleation of the prostate requires a special surgical technique: enucleation and morcellation with around 10 years' history of experience, even in Japan...
December 3, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199779/analysis-of-muscular-activity-in-archery-a-comparison-of-skill-level
#17
Hiroshi Shinohara, Yukio Urabe
AIM: A series of archery shooting movements requires strong activity of muscles attached to the shoulder girdle and upper extremity. It is unclear which muscles influence archery competition scores. This study aimed to compare muscle activity of the shoulder girdle and upper extremity during shooting movements and to analyze the muscles influencing in archeryskill improvement. METHODS: Thirty male archers, who were divided into three groups based on skill level (elite, preelite, and beginner), were included in this study...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198262/medical-missions-for-the-provision-of-paediatric-cardiac-surgery-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#18
Frank J Molloy, Nguyenvu Nguyen, Marisa Mize, Gavin Wright, Cecilia St George-Hyslop, Maura O'Callaghan, Emma Scanlan, William M Novick
This review will outline the role of visiting cardiac surgical teams in low- and middle-income countries drawing on the collective experience of the authors in a wide range of locations. Requests for assistance can emerge from local programmes at a beginner or advanced stage. However, in all circumstances, careful pre-trip planning is necessary in conjunction with clinical and non-clinical local partners. The clinical evaluation, surgical procedures, and postoperative care all serve as a template for collaboration and education between the visiting and local teams in every aspect of care...
December 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189304/interventional-pain-procedures-in-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-residencies
#19
Sanjeev Agarwal, Caitlin Cicone, Philip Chang
Exposure to interventional pain procedures is now a required component of training in physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) residencies as mandated by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). Data regarding resident exposure and competency in these procedures remains limited. Objectives were to determine the volume and type of exposure PM&R residents have to interventional pain procedures and to obtain faculty-perceived opinions regarding competency of incoming fellows as it pertains to interventional pain management...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187653/-investigation-of-status-for-vascular-access-in-hemodialysis-patients-at-xiangya-hospital-of-central-south-university
#20
Yong Zhong, Jiaxi Pu, Xiang Ao, Weisheng Peng, Zhangzhe Peng, Xiaozhao Li, Xiangcheng Xiao, Qiaoling Zhou, Ping Xiao
To investigate the status of vascular access in hemodialysis patients in our center.
 Methods: The general information of hemodialysis patients and types and complications of vascular access at Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from April 2015 to April 2016, were retrospectively analyzed.
 Results: Among 258 prevalent patients, 87.60% of them had arteriovenous fistula (AVF), while 12.40% showed tunneled cuffed catheter. Of the 61 incident patients, 80.33% of them initiated dialysis with a non-tunneled and non-cuffed catheter, 8...
November 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
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