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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126576/beginner-s-guide-to-medicare-access-and-chip-reauthorization-act-s-quality-payment-program
#1
Naiim S Ali, Anthony Dinizio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122272/enhancing-yoga-participation-a-qualitative-investigation-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-yoga-among-predominantly-racial-ethnic-minority-low-income-adults
#2
Christine E Spadola, Rebecca Rottapel, Neha Khandpur, Emily Kontos, Suzanne M Bertisch, Dayna A Johnson, Mirja Quante, Sat Bir S Khalsa, Robert B Saper, Susan Redline
Yoga is underutilized among racial/ethnic minorities and low-income populations. To enhance participation among these demographic groups and to inform a future clinical trial, we conducted a qualitative formative investigation, informed by the Social Contextual Model of health behavior change, to identify barriers and facilitators to yoga that could impact study participation. We recruited twenty-four racially/ethnically diverse adults, with and without prior yoga experience, from a low-income, urban housing community to participate in either an individual interview or focus group...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120523/a-magic-ratio-rule-for-beginners-a-chemist-s-guide-to-quantum-interference-in-molecules
#3
Colin J Lambert, Shi-Xia Liu
This overview will give a glimpse into chemical design principles for gating quantum interference (QI) effects in molecular-scale devices. Direct observation of room temperature QI in single-molecule junctions has stimulated growing interest in fabrication of tailor-made molecular electronic devices. Herein, we outline a new conceptual advance in the scientific understanding and technological know-how necessary to control QI effects in single molecules by chemical modification. We start by discussing QI from a chemical viewpoint and then describe a new magic ratio rule (MRR), which captures a minimal description of connectivity-driven charge transport and provides a useful starting point for chemists to design appropriate molecules for molecular electronics with desired functions...
November 9, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113657/huang-s-three-step-maneuver-shortens-the-learning-curve-of-laparoscopic-spleen-preserving-splenic-hilar-lymphadenectomy
#4
REVIEW
Chang-Ming Huang, Ze-Ning Huang, Chao-Hui Zheng, Ping Li, Jian-Wei Xie, Jia-Bin Wang, Jian-Xian Lin, Lu Jun, Qi-Yue Chen, Long-Long Cao, Mi Lin, Ru-Hong Tu
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to investigate the difference between the learning curves of different maneuvers in laparoscopic spleen-preserving splenic hilar lymphadenectomy for advanced upper gastric cancer. METHODS: From January 2010 to April 2014, 53 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic spleen-preserving splenic hilar lymphadenectomy via the traditional-step maneuver (group A) and 53 consecutive patients via Huang's three-step maneuver (group B) were retrospectively analyzed...
December 2017: Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096638/empirical-study-of-seven-data-mining-algorithms-on-different-characteristics-of-datasets-for-biomedical-classification-applications
#5
Yiyan Zhang, Yi Xin, Qin Li, Jianshe Ma, Shuai Li, Xiaodan Lv, Weiqi Lv
BACKGROUND: Various kinds of data mining algorithms are continuously raised with the development of related disciplines. The applicable scopes and their performances of these algorithms are different. Hence, finding a suitable algorithm for a dataset is becoming an important emphasis for biomedical researchers to solve practical problems promptly. METHODS: In this paper, seven kinds of sophisticated active algorithms, namely, C4.5, support vector machine, AdaBoost, k-nearest neighbor, naïve Bayes, random forest, and logistic regression, were selected as the research objects...
November 2, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094960/overconfidence-among-beginners-is-a-little-learning-a-dangerous-thing
#6
Carmen Sanchez, David Dunning
Across 6 studies we investigated the development of overconfidence among beginners. In 4 of the studies, participants completed multicue probabilistic learning tasks (e.g., learning to diagnose "zombie diseases" from physical symptoms). Although beginners did not start out overconfident in their judgments, they rapidly surged to a "beginner's bubble" of overconfidence. This bubble was traced to exuberant and error-filled theorizing about how to approach the task formed after just a few learning experiences...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081420/qeeg-based-neural-correlates-of-decision-making-in-a-well-trained-eight-year-old-chess-player
#7
Abolfazl Alipour, Sahar Seifzadeh, Hadi Aligholi, Mohammad Nami
The neurocognitive substrates of decision making (DM) in the context of chess has appealed to researchers' interest for decades. Expert and beginner chess players are hypothesized to employ different brain functional networks when involved in episodes of critical DM upon chess. Cognitive capacities including, but not restricted to pattern recognition, visuospatial search, reasoning, planning and DM are perhaps the key determinants of rewarding and judgmental decisions in chess. Meanwhile, the precise neural correlates of DM in this context has largely remained elusive...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076584/beginners-in-prescribing-practice-experiences-and-perceptions-of-nurses-and-doctors
#8
Anecita Gigi Lm, Nicola North, John Shaw
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the experiences and perceptions of nurses and doctors in becoming prescribers. BACKGROUND: The development of core skills, knowledge, and attitudes as a prescriber is among the present foci of current medical education, and the requirements for ongoing mentorship, support and education for novice medical prescribers have been identified as important training components. However, little is known of the prescribing practices of other health professionals who are also new to prescribing, for example, nurse prescribers...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067619/transparent-model-of-temporal-bone-and-vestibulocochlear-organ-made-by-3d-printing
#9
Ryoji Suzuki, Naoto Taniguchi, Fujio Uchida, Akimitsu Ishizawa, Yoshinori Kanatsu, Ming Zhou, Kodai Funakoshi, Hideo Akashi, Hiroshi Abe
The vestibulocochlear organ is composed of tiny complex structures embedded in the petrous part of the temporal bone. Landmarks on the temporal bone surface provide the only orientation guide for dissection, but these need to be removed during the course of dissection, making it difficult to grasp the underlying three-dimensional structures, especially for beginners during gross anatomy classes. We report herein an attempt to produce a transparent three-dimensional-printed model of the human ear. En bloc samples of the temporal bone from donated cadavers were subjected to computed tomography (CT) scanning, and on the basis of the data, the surface temporal bone was reconstructed with transparent resin and the vestibulocochlear organ with white resin to create a 1:1...
October 24, 2017: Anatomical Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063736/a-practical-guide-to-the-preparation-and-use-of-metal-ion-buffered-systems-for-physiological-research
#10
REVIEW
Felix Neumaier, Serdar Alpdogan, Jürgen Hescheler, Toni Schneider
Recent recognition that mobile pools of Zn(2+) and Cu(2+) are involved in the regulation of neuronal, endocrine and other cells has stimulated the development of tools to visualize and quantify the level of free trace metal ions. Most of the methods used to measure or control loosely bound metals require reference media that contain exactly defined free concentrations of the target ions. Despite the central importance of proper metal ion buffering, there is still a lack of international standards and beginners in the field may have difficulties finding a coherent description of how to prepare trace metal ion buffers, especially when experiments are to be performed in multi-metal systems...
October 24, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037615/six-weeks-of-mat-pilates-training-are-enough-to-improve-functional-capacity-in-elderly-women
#11
Josefina Bertoli, Grazieli Maria Biduski, Cíntia de la Rocha Freitas
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of Mat Pilates on the functional capacity (FC) of elderly women before and after six weeks of intervention. Eighteen women aged 62.28 (±2.34) participated in the study. Timed Up and Go test, Timed Up Stairs, Timed Down Stairs, 30-s Chair Stand, Chair Sit-and-Reach and Back Scratch tests were assessed. The results showed significant improvements in all FC tests after six weeks of the Mat Pilates intervention. Summarizing, only six weeks of Mat Pilates training of 60 min per session, three times a week, three series beginning with six repetitions and eight repetitions at the last two weeks of intervention, were enough to improve FC in elderly women...
October 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031463/changes-in-brain-activity-during-action-observation-and-motor-imagery-their-relationship-with-motor-learning
#12
Nobuaki Mizuguchi, Kazuyuki Kanosue
Many studies have demonstrated that training utilizing action observation and/or motor imagery improves motor performance. These two techniques are widely used in sports and in the rehabilitation of movement-related disorders. Motor imagery has also been used for brain-machine/computer interfaces (BMI/BCI). During both action observation and motor imagery, motor-related regions such as the premotor cortex and inferior parietal lobule are activated. This is common to actual execution and are involved with the underlying mechanisms of motor learning without execution...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974894/assessment-of-colon-polyp-morphology-is-education-effective
#13
Jae Hyun Kim, Kyoung Sik Nam, Hye Jung Kwon, Youn Jung Choi, Kyoungwon Jung, Sung Eun Kim, Won Moon, Moo In Park, Seun Ja Park
AIM: To determine the inter-observer variability for colon polyp morphology and to identify whether education can improve agreement among observers. METHODS: For purposes of the tests, we recorded colonoscopy video clips that included scenes visualizing the polyps. A total of 15 endoscopists and 15 nurses participated in the study. Participants watched 60 video clips of the polyp morphology scenes and then estimated polyp morphology (pre-test). After education for 20 min, participants performed a second test in which the order of 60 video clips was changed (post-test)...
September 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954367/-the-author-of-yi-du-medicine-reading-and-source-and-history-of-its-editions
#14
S M Wan, X Lu, X G Wang
Yi du (Medicine Reading)was a primer of traditional Chinese medicine. The original author was Wang Ji of the Ming Dynasty, and the book was block-printed and published, after the supplement made by Cheng Yingmao of the Qing Dynasty during the reign of Kangxi Emperor of the Qing Dynasty. The editions of the book preserved in Nanjing Library and China Institute for History of Medicine and Medical Literature of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences was the original version in the reign of Kangxi Emperor. The edition in Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine was the amended version of original version in the reign of Kangxi Emperor...
July 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933763/a-critical-review-of-surveys-emphasizing-on-routing-in-wireless-sensor-networks-an-anatomization-under-general-survey-design-framework
#15
REVIEW
Waqas Rehan, Stefan Fischer, Maaz Rehan
A large number of routing-related surveys are published so far for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) that exhibit either complete or partial emphasis on routing in WSNs. These surveys classify and discuss the relevant routing protocols published mainly in the fields of classical, energy efficient, secure, hierarchical, geographic, intelligent, Quality of Service (QoS)-based and multipath WSNs. However, to the best of our knowledge, no study is presented so far which may clearly categorize the routing-related survey literature for WSNs...
July 26, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932380/effect-of-expertise-on-boundary-extension-in-approach-sequences
#16
Emmanuelle Ménétrier, André Didierjean, Frédérique Robin
In a constantly changing environment, one of the conditions for adaptation is based on the visual system's ability to realize predictions. In this context, a question that arises is the evolution of the processes allowing anticipation with regard to the acquisition of knowledge relative to specific situations. We sought to study this question by focusing on boundary extension, the tendency to overestimate the scope of a previously perceived scene. We presented to novice, beginner, and expert car drivers road scenes in the form of approach sequences constituting very briefly displayed photographs (i...
September 2017: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932019/towards-identifying-dyslexia-in-standard-indonesian-the-development-of-a-reading-assessment-battery
#17
Bernard A J Jap, Elisabeth Borleffs, Ben A M Maassen
With its transparent orthography, Standard Indonesian is spoken by over 160 million inhabitants and is the primary language of instruction in education and the government in Indonesia. An assessment battery of reading and reading-related skills was developed as a starting point for the diagnosis of dyslexia in beginner learners. Founded on the International Dyslexia Association's definition of dyslexia, the test battery comprises nine empirically motivated reading and reading-related tasks assessing word reading, pseudoword reading, arithmetic, rapid automatized naming, phoneme deletion, forward and backward digit span, verbal fluency, orthographic choice (spelling), and writing...
2017: Reading and Writing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910255/better-strength-better-balance-partnering-to-deliver-a-fall-prevention-program-for-older-adults
#18
Darcie Taing, Kelly McKay
SETTING: Falls incur significant health and economic costs, particularly among older adults. Physical activity has been found to be the single most important fall prevention behaviour an older adult can do. This manuscript describes Ottawa Public Health's (OPH) experience implementing the Better Strength, Better Balance! (BSBB) program, a fall prevention exercise program for older adults, through an innovative partnership with the local Recreation, Cultural & Facility Services (RCFS) Department...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878444/experimental-evaluation-and-training-of-stent-clot-retrieval-the-confront-clot-scrambling-method
#19
Tomotaka Ohshima, Shunsaku Goto, Taiki Yamamoto, Kojiro Ishikawa
The introduction of stent retrievers has changed the methods used for acute intracranial thrombectomy, but the training approach has not been discussed enough. We, therefore, aimed to establish a simple skill up method which can be used to train anytime and anywhere with low costs. Also, we introduce our experimental confront clot scrambling method (CCSM) which makes a profitable visualization in how the stent retriever works. The CCSM involved a sham clot set in the middle of a polyvinyl chloride tube, after which two stent retrievers were navigated from each side before being simultaneously withdrawn with the same force...
August 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877273/virtual-reality-simulator-for-dental-anesthesia-training-in-the-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block
#20
Cléber Gimenez Corrêa, Maria Aparecida de Andrade Moreira Machado, Edith Ranzini, Romero Tori, Fátima de Lourdes Santos Nunes
Objectives: This study shows the development and validation of a dental anesthesia-training simulator, specifically for the inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB). The system developed provides the tactile sensation of inserting a real needle in a human patient, using Virtual Reality (VR) techniques and a haptic device that can provide a perceived force feedback in the needle insertion task during the anesthesia procedure. Material and Methods: To simulate a realistic anesthesia procedure, a Carpule syringe was coupled to a haptic device...
July 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
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