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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738668/study-of-effects-of-multimodal-exercise-programme-on-physical-fitness-and-health-perception-in-community-living-hungarian-older-adults
#1
Anikó Virág, Izabella Harkányi, Csilla K Karóczi, Zsolt Vass, Éva Kovács
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects on fitness indicators and subjective health-perception of a multimodal exercise programme provided by a district in Budapest among community-living seniors. METHODS: Sixty community-living older adults aged over 60 years formed beginner group (who were at the beginning of the exercise programme), advanced group (who had been in the programme for 3-6 months), active group (who had been participating in the exercise programme for at least 6 months, in addition to Nordic Walking programme) and a physically inactive control group...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736429/ultrasound-guided-genitourinary-interventions-principles-and-techniques
#2
Byung Kwan Park
Ultrasound (US) is often used to guide various interventional procedures in the genitourinary Epub ahead of print (GU) tract because it can provide real-time imaging without any radiation hazard. Moreover, US can clearly visualize the pathway of an aspiration or biopsy needle to ensure the safety of the intervention. US guidance also helps clinicians to access lesions via the transabdominal, transhepatic, transvaginal, transrectal, and transperineal routes. Hence, US-guided procedures are useful for radiologists who wish to perform GU interventions...
May 29, 2017: Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697374/counselor-competence-for-telephone-motivation-interviewing-addressing-lifestyle-change-among-dutch-older-adults
#3
Ilse Mesters, Hilde M van Keulen, Hein de Vries, Johannes Brug
Counselor competence in telephone Motivation Interviewing (MI) to change lifestyle behaviors in a primary care population was assessed using the Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity (MITI) rating system. Counselor behavior was evaluated by trained raters. Twenty minutes of a random sample of 336 MI sessions were coded representing 232 counselees. Ninety-four sessions (28%) were double coded to assess inter-rater agreement. The MI fidelity was examined by comparing the MI fidelity scores direction, empathy, spirit, % open questions, % complex reflections, reflections-to-questions ratio, % MI-adherent responses with the matching beginner proficiency MITI threshold...
July 6, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687417/just-a-minute-meditation-rapid-voluntary-conscious-state-shifts-in-long-term-meditators
#4
Ajay Kumar Nair, Arun Sasidharan, John P John, Seema Mehrotra, Bindu M Kutty
Meditation induces a modified state of consciousness that remains under voluntary control. Can meditators rapidly and reversibly bring about mental state changes on demand? To check, we carried out 128 channel EEG recordings on Brahma Kumaris Rajayoga meditators (36 long term: median 14240h meditation; 25 short term: 1095h) and controls (25) while they tried to switch every minute between rest and meditation states in different conditions (eyes open and closed; before and after an engaging task). Long term meditators robustly shifted states with enhanced theta power (4-8Hz) during meditation...
August 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669417/st-george-mivart-as-popularizer-of-zoology-in-britain-and-america-1869-1881
#5
Emma E Swain
Recent scholarly attentions have shifted from key actors within the scientific elite and religious authorities to scientific practitioners and popularizers who used science to pursue a wide variety of cultural purposes. The Roman Catholic zoologist St. George Mivart (1827-1900) has typically been cast as a staunch anti-Darwinian ostracized by Darwin's inner circle of scientific naturalists. Understood as a popularizer of science, his position can be re-thought. Mivart did not operate on the periphery of Victorian science...
June 29, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659511/ronald-epstein-md-bringing-mindfulness-into-the-examination-room
#6
Ronald Epstein
Advances in Mind-Body Medicine (Advances): You have come out with a book recently, titled Attending: Medicine, Mindfulness, and Humanity. What was the motive for writing this book? Dr Epstein: I knew that it was time to expand beyond writing for medical audiences and peer-reviewed journals when 2 realizations struck me. One is that important change in medicine often comes from the outside in as opposed to from the inside out. The degree to which the public is educated and energized about an issue can produce a change in medicine...
April 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654728/finding-similar-nucleotide-sequences-using-network-blast-searches
#7
Istvan Ladunga
The Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLAST) is the first tool in the annotation of nucleotide or amino acid sequences. BLAST is a flagship of bioinformatics due to its performance and user-friendliness. Beginners and intermediate users will learn how to design and submit blastn and Megablast searches on the Web pages at the National Center for Biotechnology Information. We map nucleic acid sequences to genomes, find identical or similar mRNAs, expressed sequence tag, and noncoding RNA sequences, and run Megablast searches, which are much faster than blastn...
June 27, 2017: Current Protocols in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623590/integration-of-genome-wide-tf-binding-and-gene-expression-data-to-characterize-gene-regulatory-networks-in-plant-development
#8
Dijun Chen, Kerstin Kaufmann
Key transcription factors (TFs) controlling the morphogenesis of flowers and leaves have been identified in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. Recent genome-wide approaches based on chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) followed by high-throughput DNA sequencing (ChIP-seq) enable systematic identification of genome-wide TF binding sites (TFBSs) of these regulators. Here, we describe a computational pipeline for analyzing ChIP-seq data to identify TFBSs and to characterize gene regulatory networks (GRNs) with applications to the regulatory studies of flower development...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623001/a-concealed-observational-study-of-infection-control-and-safe-injection-practices-in-jordanian-governmental-hospitals
#9
Omar M Al-Rawajfah, Ahmad Tubaishat
BACKGROUND: The recognized international organizations on infection prevention recommend using an observational method as the gold standard procedure for assessing health care professional's compliance with standard infection control practices. However, observational studies are rarely used in Jordanian infection control studies. This study aimed to evaluate injection practices among nurses working in Jordanian governmental hospitals. METHODS: A cross-sectional concealed observational design is used for this study...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620876/english-orthographic-learning-in-chinese-l1-young-efl-beginners
#10
Yu-Lin Cheng
English orthographic learning, among Chinese-L1 children who were beginning to learn English as a foreign language, was documented when: (1) only visual memory was at their disposal, (2) visual memory and either some letter-sound knowledge or some semantic information was available, and (3) visual memory, some letter-sound knowledge and some semantic information were all available. When only visual memory was available, orthographic learning (measured via an orthographic choice test) was meagre. Orthographic learning was significant when either semantic information or letter-sound knowledge supplemented visual memory, with letter-sound knowledge generating greater significance...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619016/clinical-application-of-a-novel-endoscopic-mask-a-randomized-controlled-multi-center-trial-in-patients-undergoing-awake-fiberoptic-bronchoscopic-intubation
#11
Tianxiao Zou, Zhenling Huang, Xiaoxue Hu, Guangyu Cai, Miao He, Shanjuan Wang, Ping Huang, Bin Yu
BACKGROUND: Awake fiberoptic bronchoscopic tracheal intubation is usually regarded as an effective method in the management of predicted difficult airway. Hypoxia during awake nasal fiberoptic bronchoscopic intubation leads to discontinuation of the procedure, prolonged manipulation time and increased risk of severe complications. The main aim of the study was to test whether the novel endoscopic mask is helpful for hypoxia during the intubation. METHODS: This was a randomized, controlled, multi-center study...
June 15, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615157/designing-prototyping-and-evaluating-digital-mindfulness-applications-a-case-study-of-mindful-breathing-for-stress-reduction
#12
Bin Zhu, Anders Hedman, Shuo Feng, Haibo Li, Walter Osika
BACKGROUND: During the past decade, there has been a rapid increase of interactive apps designed for health and well-being. Yet, little research has been published on developing frameworks for design and evaluation of digital mindfulness facilitating technologies. Moreover, many existing digital mindfulness applications are purely software based. There is room for further exploration and assessment of designs that make more use of physical qualities of artifacts. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to develop and test a new physical digital mindfulness prototype designed for stress reduction...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606006/a-beginner-s-guide-to-the-literature-search-in-medical-education
#13
S Martin, Z Hussain, J G Boyle
Conducting a literature search can be a daunting prospect if you have not done it before. This article aims to provide a beginner's guide to searching the medical education literature, by describing how to construct an effective search strategy, the resources that are available and the basics of how searching works.
January 1, 2017: Scottish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604579/how-to-avoid-a-learning-curve-in-stapedotomy-a-standardized-surgical-technique
#14
Pingling Kwok, Otto Gleich, Katharina Dalles, Elisabeth Mayr, Peter Jacob, Jürgen Strutz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, whether a learning curve for beginners in stapedotomy can be avoided by using a prosthesis with thermal memory-shape attachment in combination with a standardized laser-assisted surgical technique. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Fifty-eight ears were operated by three experienced surgeons and compared with a group of 12 cases operated by a beginner in stapedotomy...
August 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604375/retained-upper-third-molars-during-le-fort-i-osteotomy-with-downfracture
#15
Marco Friscia, Marzia Petrocelli, Carolina Sbordone, Raffaele Corvino, Fabio Maglitto, Francesco Maria Cassandro, Giorgio Iaconetta, Luigi Califano
AIM: The aim of our study is to demonstrate that the presence of upper wisdom teeth must be evaluated before and during Le Fort I osteotomy because attention must be focused to the disadvantages or facilitations of surgery depending on molar presence. MATERIALS OF STUDY: Our study has analyzed two groups, each one including 20 patients, 10 males and 10 females, with an age between 16-30 years. The first group was treated with le Fort I osteotomy leaving in situ the wisdom upper third molars...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603585/international-scientific-communications-in-the-field-of-colorectal-tumour-markers
#16
Krasimir Ivanov, Ivan Donev
AIM: To analyze scientometrically the dynamic science internationalization on colorectal tumour markers as reflected in five information portals and to outline the significant journals, scientists and institutions. METHODS: A retrospective problem-oriented search was performed in Web of Science Core Collection (WoS), MEDLINE, BIOSIS Citation Index (BIOSIS) and Scopus for 1986-2015 as well as in Dervent Innovations Index (Derwent) for 1995-2015. Several specific scientometric parameters of the publication output and citation activity were comparatively analyzed...
May 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594724/the-american-society-of-colon-and-rectal-surgeons-assessment-tool-for-performance-of-laparoscopic-colectomy
#17
Bradley J Champagne, Scott R Steele, Samantha K Hendren, Paul M Bakaki, Patricia L Roberts, Conor P Delaney, Justin T Brady, Helen M MacRae
BACKGROUND: The lack of consensus for performance assessment of laparoscopic colorectal resection is a major impediment to quality improvement. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop and assess the validity of an evaluation tool for laparoscopic colectomy that is feasible for wide implementation. DESIGN: During the pilot phase, a small group of experts modified previous assessment tools by watching videos for laparoscopic right colectomy with the following categories of experience: novice (less than 20 cases), intermediate (50-100 cases), and expert (more than 500 cases)...
July 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578849/effectiveness-of-training-final-year-undergraduate-nutritionists-in-motivational-interviewing
#18
Trevor N Simper, Jeff D Breckon, Karen Kilner
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of a motivational interviewing (MI) training programme on trainee nutritionists. METHODS: A repeated measures design was applied to assess clinician behaviours in a 'helping' conversation. Participants were 32 nutrition students, assessed at baseline and one-month follow-up. RESULTS: The training significantly reduced the use of closed questions and MI non-adherent behaviours (MINA) (P for both=<0.001)...
May 13, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578115/2d-hd-versus-3d-endoscopy-in-endonasal-skull-base-surgery-a-comparative-pre-clinical-study
#19
Vittorio Rampinelli, Francesco Doglietto, Davide Mattavelli, Jimmy Qiu, Elena Raffetti, Alberto Schreiber, Andrea Bolzoni Villaret, Walter Kucharczyk, Francesco Donato, Marco Maria Fontanella, Piero Nicolai
BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional (3D) endoscopy has been recently introduced in endonasal skull base surgery. Only a relatively limited number of studies have compared it to two-dimensional, high definition (2D-HD) technology. OBJECTIVE: To analyze, in a preclinical setting for endonasal endoscopic surgery, surgical maneuverability comparing 2D-HD and 3D endoscopy. METHODS: A group of 68 volunteers, both novice and experienced surgeons, were asked to perform two tasks, namely simulating grasping and dissection surgical maneuvers, in a model of the nasal cavities...
May 31, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575143/seeing-the-wood-for-the-trees-a-forest-of-methods-for-optimization-and-omic-network-integration-in-metabolic-modelling
#20
Supreeta Vijayakumar, Max Conway, Pietro Lió, Claudio Angione
Metabolic modelling has entered a mature phase with dozens of methods and software implementations available to the practitioner and the theoretician. It is not easy for a modeller to be able to see the wood (or the forest) for the trees. Driven by this analogy, we here present a 'forest' of principal methods used for constraint-based modelling in systems biology. This provides a tree-based view of methods available to prospective modellers, also available in interactive version at http://modellingmetabolism...
May 30, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
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