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Family Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045914/suicide-exposures-and-bereavement-among-american-adults-evidence-from-the-2016-general-social-survey
#1
William Feigelman, Julie Cerel, John L McIntosh, David Brent, Nina Gutin
BACKGROUND: We investigated lifetime suicide exposures and bereavement among a representative sample of American adults from the 2016 General Social Survey. METHODS: Questions on lifetime suicide exposures, bereavement and mental health status were administered to 1432 respondents. Suicide exposed and bereaved respondents were compared to non-exposed respondents on three different measures of mental health functioning with cross tabulations and means comparison tests...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045440/parental-depressive-symptoms-children-s-emotional-and-behavioural-problems-and-parents-expressed-emotion-critical-and-positive-comments
#2
Lamprini Psychogiou, Nicholas J Moberly, Elizabeth Parry, Selina Nath, Angeliki Kallitsoglou, Ginny Russell
This longitudinal study examined whether mothers' and fathers' depressive symptoms predict, independently and interactively, children's emotional and behavioural problems. It also examined bi-directional associations between parents' expressed emotion constituents (parents' child-directed positive and critical comments) and children's emotional and behavioural problems. At time 1, the sample consisted of 160 families in which 50 mothers and 40 fathers had depression according to the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044637/the-modeled-cost-effectiveness-of-family-based-and-adolescent-focused-treatment-for-anorexia-nervosa
#3
Long Khanh-Dao Le, Jan J Barendregt, Phillipa Hay, Susan M Sawyer, Elizabeth K Hughes, Cathrine Mihalopoulos
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a prevalent, serious mental disorder. We aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of family-based treatment (FBT) compared to adolescent-focused individual therapy (AFT) or no intervention within the Australian healthcare system. METHOD: A Markov model was developed to estimate the cost and disability-adjusted life-year (DALY) averted of FBT relative to comparators over 6 years from the health system perspective. The target population was 11-18 year olds with AN of relatively short duration...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040889/factors-associated-with-happiness-in-the-elderly-persons-living-in-the-community
#4
Bruna Moretti Luchesi, Nathalia Alves de Oliveira, Daiene de Morais, Rebeca Mendes de Paula Pessoa, Sofia Cristina I Pavarini, Marcos Hortes N Chagas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate factors associated with happiness in a sample of Brazilian older adults. METHODS: A study was conducted with 263 elderly people in the area of coverage of a family health unit located in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The Subjective Happiness Scale was used to measure happiness, the final score of which determined one of three outcomes: not happy, intermediate, and happy. Disability, sociodemographic characteristics, and psychological, cognitive, and physical factors were considered for the multinomial logistic regression analysis...
October 12, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039808/a-diagnosis-of-denial-how-mental-health-classification-systems-have-struggled-to-recognise-family-violence-as-a-serious-risk-factor-in-the-development-of-mental-health-issues-for-infants-children-adolescents-and-adults
#5
Wendy Bunston, Candice Franich-Ray, Sara Tatlow
Child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) routinely overlook assessing for, and providing treatment to, infants and children living with family violence, despite family violence being declared endemic across the globe. As contemporary neuro-developmental research recognises the harm of being exposed to early relational trauma, key international diagnostic texts such as the DSM-5 and ICD-10 struggle to acknowledge or appreciate the relational complexities inherent in addressing family violence and its impacts during childhood...
October 17, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039780/housing-and-health-of-kiribati-migrants-living-in-new-zealand
#6
Mary Anne Teariki
Settlement is a complex process of adjustment for migrants and refugees. Drawing on recent research on the settlement experiences of Kiribati migrants and their families living in New Zealand, this article examines the role of housing as an influencer of the settlement and health of Kiribati migrants. Using qualitative methodology, in-depth interviews were conducted with fourteen Kiribati migrants (eight women and six men) representing 91 family members about the key issues and events that shaped their settlement in New Zealand...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038687/mental-health-status-of-north-korean-refugees-in-south-korea-and-risk-and-protective-factors-a-10-year-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
Yeeun Lee, Minji Lee, Subin Park
Background: North Korean refugees (NKRs) are often exposed to traumatic events in North Korea and during their defection. Furthermore, they face sociocultural barriers in adapting to the new society to which they have defected. Objective: To integrate previous findings on this mentally vulnerable population, we systematically reviewed articles on the mental health of NKRs in South Korea. Method: We searched for empirical studies conducted in the last 10 years in six online databases (international journals: Embase, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science; Korean journals: DBPIA, KMbase) through June 2017...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038686/the-assessment-of-psychopathology-among-traumatized-refugees-measurement-invariance-of-the-harvard-trauma-questionnaire-and-the-hopkins-symptom-checklist-25-across-five-linguistic-groups
#8
Tim R Wind, Niels van der Aa, Simone de la Rie, Jeroen Knipscheer
Background: Questionnaires are widely used to assess the mental health status of refugees, whereas their construct validity largely remains unexplored. Objective: This study examined the construct validity of two widely-used instruments for the assessment of PTSD symptoms (Harvard Trauma Questionnaire [HTQ]; 16 items) and symptoms of anxiety and depression (Hopkins Symptom Check list-25 [HSCL-25]; 25 items) among Dutch and refugee patients with different linguistic backgrounds. Method: We applied exploratory factor analyses and measurement invariance analyses to test construct validity...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037275/intergenerational-transmission-of-family-meal-patterns-from-adolescence-to-parenthood-longitudinal-associations-with-parents-dietary-intake-weight-related-behaviours-and-psychosocial-well-being
#9
Jerica M Berge, Jonathan Miller, Allison Watts, Nicole Larson, Katie A Loth, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined longitudinal associations between four family meal patterns (i.e. never had regular family meals, started having regular family meals, stopped having regular family meals, maintained having regular family meals) and young adult parents' dietary intake, weight-related behaviours and psychosocial well-being. In addition, family meal patterns of parents were compared with those of non-parents. DESIGN: Analysis of data from the longitudinal Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Adolescents and Young Adults) study...
October 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034517/medication-use-by-adolescents-and-adults-with-fragile-x-syndrome
#10
D J Laxman, J S Greenberg, L S DaWalt, J Hong, M G Aman, M Mailick
BACKGROUND: The behavioural challenges and medical conditions associated with fragile X syndrome (FXS) can lead to increased need for medications. METHOD: This longitudinal study examined the use of prescription medications for psychotropic and non-psychotropic purposes by adolescents and adults with FXS drawn from a North American community sample (N = 105). Odds and probabilities of continuing or discontinuing medication were calculated. Predictors of medication use were calculated...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034464/stigma-expressed-emotion-and-quality-of-life-in-caregivers-of-individuals-with-dementia
#11
Amy Weisman de Mamani, Marc J Weintraub, Jessica Maura, Ana Martinez de Andino, Caitlin A Brown
Expressed emotion (EE) is a measure of a caregiver's critical and emotionally overinvolved (EOI; e.g., intrusive, self-sacrificing) attitudes and behaviors toward a person with a mental illness. Mounting evidence indicates that high levels of these critical and EOI attitudes and behaviors (collectively termed high EE) in family members are associated with a poorer course of illness for people with a range of disorders, including dementia (Nomura et al., 2005). However, less is known about factors that might trigger high EE and how high EE might impact dementia caregivers' own mental health...
October 15, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033986/women-coping-strategies-towards-menopause-and-its-relationship-with-sexual-dysfunction
#12
Nafiseh Shams Nateri, Marjan Beigi, Ashraf Kazemi, Fatemeh Shirinkam
BACKGROUND: Paying attention to sexual dysfunction and its coping strategies is essential owing to its impact on mental health in postmenopausal women and their families. This study aimed to determine the relationship between women coping strategies toward the process of menopause and sexual dysfunction in menopausal women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study in which 233 married menopausal women were sampled in the first 5 years after cessation of menstrual cycle using health records in the health centers in Isfahan in 2015...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032704/addressing-barriers-to-clozapine-underutilization-a-national-effort
#13
Deanna L Kelly, Oliver Freudenreich, MacKenzie A Sayer, Raymond C Love
Although clozapine has demonstrated unique efficacy for the treatment of seriously ill patients with refractory psychosis, its real-world use presents challenges to clinicians in a variety of settings, leading to its underutilization in the United States. The barriers include a lack of prescriber knowledge and confidence, negative prescriber attitudes, special monitoring requirements, administrative burden, unprepared health systems, and inadequate appreciation of clozapine's unique nature by policy makers and payers...
October 16, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032703/the-use-of-telepsychiatry-to-provide-cost-efficient-care-during-pediatric-mental-health-emergencies
#14
John F Thomas, Douglas K Novins, Patrick W Hosokawa, Christina A Olson, Dru Hunter, Alison S Brent, Gerard Frunzi, Anne M Libby
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated a videoconference-based psychiatric emergency consultation program (telepsychiatry) at geographically dispersed emergency department (ED) sites that are part of the network of care of an academic children's hospital system. The study compared program outcomes with those of usual care involving ambulance transport to the hospital for in-person psychiatric emergency consultation prior to disposition to inpatient care or discharge home. METHODS: This study compared process outcomes in a cross-sectional, pre-post design at five network-of-care sites before and after systemwide implementation of telepsychiatry consultation in 2015...
October 16, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032166/interpersonal-vulnerability-among-offspring-of-holocaust-survivors-gay-men-and-its-association-with-depressive-symptoms-and-life-satisfaction
#15
Geva Shenkman, Amit Shrira, Kfir Ifrah, Dov Shmotkin
The aim of the current study was to examine whether offspring of Holocaust survivors (OHS) gay men report higher interpersonal vulnerability in comparison to non-OHS gay men, and to further assess whether that vulnerability mediates the association between having a Holocaust background and mental health outcomes (depressive symptoms and life satisfaction). For this purpose, a community-dwelling sample of 79 middle-aged and older OHS and 129 non-OHS gay men completed measures of hostile-world scenario (HWS) in the interpersonal domain, satisfaction from current steady relationship, depressive symptoms and life satisfaction...
October 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032165/association-between-family-socioeconomic-status-and-depressive-symptoms-among-chinese-adolescents-evidence-from-a-national-household-survey
#16
Qin Zhou, Libo Fan, Zhichao Yin
Depression is a common mental disorder due to high risk of the adolescence development stage. Few studies discussed the association between family socioeconomic status (SES) and depression and its mechanism. We aimed to provide a national view of depressive symptoms among Chinese adolescents to explore the relationship between family SES and depressive symptoms. We used the data from the Chinese Family Panel Studies (CFPS). Family SES include family income and parents' educational attainment. Depressive symptoms were measured by the Center for Epidemiological Study Depression...
September 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031553/relationship-between-hiv-and-depressive-symptomatology-in-patients-from-northern-portugal-analysis-of-individual-health-and%C3%A2-social-predictors
#17
Ângela Maia, Hugo Gomes, Mariana Gonçalves
Depression is the most prevalent mental disorder in people living with HIV. Our study involved 371 participants in outpatient treatment for HIV in hospitals in northern Portugal. Participants were referred to the study by the attending physician/nurse, and data were collected through an individual interview at a single evaluation moment. Participants were mostly male (70%), with an average age of 46.63 years (SD = 11.77), and a known diagnosis of HIV for an average of 10.13 years (SD = 6.42). Severe depressive symptoms were identified in 18% of participants...
September 23, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031280/factors-influencing-suicide-in-older-rural-males-a-review-of-australian-studies
#18
Kylie T Crnek-Georgeson, Leigh A Wilson, Andrew Page
INTRODUCTION: Suicide remains an important public health issue in Australia, responsible for around 2500 deaths each year. Although suicide only accounts for around 1.7% of total mortality in Australia per year, 75% of suicide deaths are in males. This article reviews the factors contributing to suicide in older rural males in Australia and then categorises the papers into themes for ease of explanation. Living with experiences of drought, dramatic weather change, lower employment opportunities, out-migration, changing family dynamics, ageism in the community, economic change and competitive labour markets, all add to the diverse experience for an older person who is ageing in a rural setting...
October 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030790/acculturation-gap-distress-among-latino-youth-prospective-links-to-family-processes-and-youth-depressive-symptoms-alcohol-use-and-academic-performance
#19
Rajni L Nair, Kathleen M Roche, Rebecca M B White
Latino youth have higher rates of educational and mental health difficulties compared to peers from other racial/ethnic groups. To understand the factors related to such maladjustment, a mediational model linking youth report of parent-youth acculturation gaps to prospective changes (from spring to fall semester) in youth report of academic performance, depressive symptoms and alcohol use via youth report of parent-youth conflict and family cohesion, was studied in a sample of 248 U.S.-and foreign-born Latino youth (Mage = 15...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030694/peer-status-in-relation-to-psychotic-experiences-and-psychosocial-problems-in-adolescents-a-longitudinal-school-based-study
#20
Saliha El Bouhaddani, Lieke van Domburgh, Barbara Schaefer, Theo A H Doreleijers, Wim Veling
Social exclusion is related to many adverse mental health outcomes and may be particularly harmful for mental health in adolescence when peer relations become very important. This study examined associations between low peer status and psychotic experiences, psychosocial problems and short-term courses of these symptoms. A school-based sample of adolescents (N = 1171) was investigated in 2 consecutive years using the 16-item Prodromal Questionnaire and the self-report and teacher-report version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
October 13, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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