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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088219/the-unhealthy-food-environment-does-not-modify-the-association-between-obesity-and-participation-in-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-snap-in-los-angeles-county
#1
M Pia Chaparro, Gail G Harrison, May C Wang, Edmund Y W Seto, Anne R Pebley
BACKGROUND: Participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) has been linked to an increased risk of obesity, but not much is known about the mechanisms behind this association. The objective of this study was to determine if the neighborhood density of unhealthy food outlets modifies the association between obesity and participation in SNAP. METHODS: Data comes from the first wave of the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey; included are a subsample of adults (18+ years) who were SNAP participants or eligible non-participants (N = 1,176)...
January 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087798/social-network-types-and-mental-health-among-lgbt-older-adults
#2
Hyun-Jun Kim, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Amanda E B Bryan, Anna Muraco
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study was designed to identify social network types among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults and examine the relationship between social network type and mental health. DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed the 2014 survey data of LGBT adults aged 50 and older (N = 2,450) from Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study. Latent profile analyses were conducted to identify clusters of social network ties based on 11 indicators...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086765/health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-and-its-associated-factors-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-t1dm
#3
Marta Murillo, Joan Bel, Jacobo Pérez, Raquel Corripio, Gemma Carreras, Xavier Herrero, Josep-Maria Mengibar, Dolors Rodriguez-Arjona, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Hein Raat, Luis Rajmil
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to describe the baseline health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a cohort of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), and analyze its associated clinical and sociodemographic factors, assessing HRQOL through internet. METHODS: This was a descriptive study of 136 patients with T1DM from 5 hospitals in Catalonia, Spain (72 girls, mean age 13.4 years (range 8-19). Inclusion criteria were more than 6 months from diagnosis, more than 8 years old and without cognitive problems...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079902/phenx-measures-for-phenotyping-rare-genetic-conditions
#4
Michael Phillips, Tracey Grant, Philip Giampietro, Joann Bodurtha, Rodolfo Valdez, Deborah R Maiese, Tabitha Hendershot, Sharon F Terry, Carol M Hamilton
INTRODUCTION: The PhenX Toolkit, an online resource of well-established measures of phenotypes and exposures, now has 16 new measures recommended for assessing rare genetic conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: These measures and their protocols were selected by a working group of domain experts with input from the scientific community. RESULTS: The measures, which cover life stages from birth through adulthood, include clinical scales, characterization of rare genetic conditions, bioassays, and questionnaires...
January 12, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078477/information-sharing-challenges-between-adolescents-with-cancer-their-parents-and-health-care-providers-a-qualitative-study
#5
Masoud Bahrami, Mahboobeh Namnabati, Fariborz Mokarian, Parastoo Oujian, Paul Arbon
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the viewpoints, experiences, and preferences within the clinical communication triangle (parent, adolescent, health care team) concerning the information-sharing process for adolescents with cancer. METHODS: This is a qualitative descriptive-exploratory study. Overall, 33 participants were recruited (adolescents diagnosed with cancer aged 15-20 years, their parents, oncologists, and nurses). In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted and data were analyzed using constant comparative analysis...
January 11, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076919/use-of-treatment-and-counseling-services-and-mind-body-techniques-by-students-with-emotional-and-behavioral-difficulties
#6
Wasantha Jayawardene, Ryan Erbe, David Lohrmann, Mohammad Torabi
BACKGROUND: School-based treatment and counseling services (TCSs) can integrate mind-body techniques (MBTs) to improve children's health, wellness, and academic performance. We aimed to describe the effect of school-based TCS on MBT-use among students experiencing difficulties with concentration, emotions, behaviors, and getting along (DCEBG). METHODS: National Health Interview Survey data were utilized (N2007  = 1225; N2012  = 1835). Logistic regression examined associations between TCS-type and MBT-use, while propensity score matching controlled for confounders in the prematch sample...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076645/is-there-a-correlation-between-physicians-clinical-impressions-and-patients-perceptions-of-change-use-of-the-perceived-change-scale-with-inpatients-with-mental-disorders
#7
Gabriela Pavan, Julia Almeida Godoy, Ricardo Tavares Monteiro, Hugo Karling Moreschi, Eduardo Lopes Nogueira, Lucas Spanemberg
Introduction: Assessment of the results of treatment for mental disorders becomes more complete when the patient's perspective is incorporated. Here, we aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties and application of the Perceived Change Scale - Patient version (PCS-P) in a sample of inpatients with mental disorders. Methods: One hundred and ninety-one psychiatric inpatients answered the PCS-P and the Patients' Satisfaction with Mental Health Services Scale (SATIS) and were evaluated in terms of clinical and sociodemographic data...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076531/anxious-and-depressed-women-s-experiences-of-emotional-suffering-and-help-seeking-in-a-rio-de-janeiro-favela
#8
Karen Athié, Christopher Dowrick, Alice Lopes do Amaral Menezes, Luanda Cruz, Ana Cristina Lima, Pedro Gabriel Godinho Delgado, Cesar Favoretto, Sandra Fortes
Taking into consideration issues such as stigma and the mental health gap, this study explores narratives of anxious and depressed women treated in a community-based primary care service in a Rio de Janeiro favela about their suffering and care. We analysed 13 in-depth interviews using questions from Kadam's study. Framework analysis studied Access, Gateway, Trust, Psychosocial Issues, and Primary Mental Health Care, as key-concepts. Vulnerability and accessibility were the theoretical references. Thematic analysis found "suffering category", highlighting family and community problems, and "help seeking category", indicating how these women have coped with their emotional problems and addressed their needs through health services, community resources and self-help...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073465/-depression-in-relatives-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-8-month-longitudinal-outcome-of-profamille-program
#9
E Valladier, D Willard, L Romo, Y Hodé, Y Morvan
INTRODUCTION: Mental illness such as schizophrenia is a major public health concern. In France, the economic cost of schizophrenia represents 2 % of total medical expenditures. Schizophrenia has an impact on health and quality of life not only for patients but also for relatives. Family psychoeducation is a complementary therapeutic intervention to ordinary clinical care deigned to alleviate the burden of care among relatives of patients with schizophrenia. Literature suggests such programs including the patients' family members reduce the risk of relapse...
January 7, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073386/disclosure-of-mental-health-problems-findings-from-an-australian-national-survey
#10
N J Reavley, A J Morgan, A F Jorm
AIMS: The aim of the current study was to carry out a national population-based survey to assess the proportion of people disclosing mental health problems in a variety of settings. A further aim was to explore respondent characteristics associated with disclosure. METHODS: In 2014, telephone interviews were carried out with 5220 Australians aged 18+, 1381 of whom reported a mental health problem or scored highly on a symptom screening questionnaire. Questions covered disclosure of mental health problems to friends, intimate partners, other family members, supervisors or other colleagues in the workplace, teachers, lecturers or other students in the educational institution, health professionals and others in the community...
January 11, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072836/pre-migration-trauma-exposure-and-mental-health-functioning-among-central-american-migrants-arriving-at-the-us-border
#11
Allen Keller, Amy Joscelyne, Megan Granski, Barry Rosenfeld
In recent years, increasing numbers of families and individuals have arrived at the U.S. border from Central America, in particular, from Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala. This study sought to examine pre-migration trauma exposure and current mental health functioning of migrant families arriving at the U.S. border from the Northern Triangle region, with specific attention to the reasons offered for leaving their home country and the frequency with which migrant families appear to satisfy legal criteria for asylum We interviewed 234 adults in McAllen, Texas, using a structured interview and standardized questionnaires to assess exposure to trauma prior to migration, reasons for leaving their home country and symptoms of posttraumatic stress and depression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070889/guided-parent-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-children-with-anxiety-disorders-outcomes-at-3-to-5-year-follow-up
#12
Alexandra Brown, Cathy Creswell, Chris Barker, Stephen Butler, Peter Cooper, Catherine Hobbs, Kerstin Thirlwall
OBJECTIVES: Brief guided parent-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) has been developed to meet the demand for non-intensive interventions for children with anxiety disorders, and initial trials have shown it to be effective for children with a range of anxiety disorders. This study examined outcomes 3-5 years post-treatment. DESIGN: A long-term follow-up (LTFU) cohort study. METHODS: Families who (1) completed at least 50% of allocated treatment sessions of guided parent-delivered CBT for childhood anxiety as part of a randomized control trial (RCT), (2) provided consent to be recontacted, (3) had not received further mental health interventions, and (4) were contactable were invited to take part...
January 9, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070765/health-impacts-of-religious-practices-and-beliefs-associated-with-the-church-of-jesus-christ-of-latter-day-saints
#13
Rocío de Diego Cordero, Bárbara Badanta Romero
The aim of the study is to discuss the relationship between lifestyle marked by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and health. PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, WOS y Scopus were the databases used for this literature review, with these descriptors: "Mormons", "mormons religion", "health". Inclusion criteria were articles with full text available, published between 2005 and 2016, in English or Spanish language. Results show that following the restrictive Mormon doctrine generates beneficial effects for the health...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070467/social-support-and-resilience-among-patients-with-burn-injury-in-lahore-pakistan
#14
Ahmed Waqas, Sadiq Naveed, Mariam M Bhuiyan, Jawad Usman, Ahmed Inam-Ul-Haq, Sara S Cheema
INTRODUCTION: Social support and ego resiliency play a great role in maintaining the physical and mental health of patients with burn injuries. The present study has been designed to compare ego resiliency levels and the degree of social support in patients with a burn injury and their healthy counterparts. METHODS: This study was conducted in two teaching hospitals in Lahore, Pakistan from May 2015 to July 2015. A total of 80 burn patients presenting in outpatient departments of general surgery, plastic surgery, and burn centers of these hospitals were surveyed conveniently, and for comparison, 80 patients presenting in outpatient departments with minor ailments, for routine checkups or follow-ups were recruited...
November 8, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068932/women-s-descriptions-of-childbirth-trauma-relating-to-care-provider-actions-and-interactions
#15
Rachel Reed, Rachael Sharman, Christian Inglis
BACKGROUND: Many women experience psychological trauma during birth. A traumatic birth can impact on postnatal mental health and family relationships. It is important to understand how interpersonal factors influence women's experience of trauma in order to inform the development of care that promotes optimal psychosocial outcomes. METHODS: As part of a large mixed methods study, 748 women completed an online survey and answered the question 'describe the birth trauma experience, and what you found traumatising'...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068863/an-exploratory-study-investigating-the-multidimensional-factors-impacting-the-health-and-well-being-of-young-adults-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
Susan E Sienko
BACKGROUND: For young adults with cerebral palsy, changes in psychological and social development, in conjunction with the progression of musculoskeletal deformities and the onset of secondary conditions, make the transition to adulthood a difficult developmental phase. Preliminary evidence shows that many of the physical impairments reported in adults with cerebral palsy begin during late adolescence; however, there is little information about prevalence of impairments and the combined role impairments, psychological and social factors have on the health and well-being of young adults with cerebral palsy...
January 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068794/the-impact-of-cardiac-arrest-on-the-long-term-wellbeing-and-caregiver-burden-of-family-caregivers-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Helena Gfm van Wijnen, Sascha Mc Rasquin, Caroline M van Heugten, Jeanine A Verbunt, Véronique Rm Moulaert
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to gain insight in the functioning of caregivers of cardiac arrest survivors at 12 months after a cardiac arrest. Secondly, the course of the wellbeing of the caregivers during the first year was studied. Finally, factors that are associated with a higher care burden at 12 months after the cardiac arrest were investigated. SUBJECTS: A total of 195 family caregivers of cardiac arrest survivors were included. MAIN MEASURES: Quality of life (SF-36, EuroQol-VAS), caregiver strain (CSI) and emotional functioning (HADS, IES) were measured at two weeks, three months and one year after the cardiac arrest...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068130/victimization-and-depressive-symptomology-in-transgender-adults-the-mediating-role-of-avoidant-coping
#18
Jaclyn M White Hughto, John E Pachankis, Tiara C Willie, Sari L Reisner
Victimization and depressive distress symptoms represent serious and interconnected public health problems facing transgender communities. Avoidant coping is hypothesized to temporarily alleviate the stress of victimization, but has potential long-term mental and behavioral health costs, such as increasing the probability of depressive symptoms. A community sample of 412 transgender adults (M age = 32.7, SD = 12.8) completed a one-time survey capturing multiple forms of victimization (i.e., everyday discrimination, bullying, physical assault by family, verbal harassment by family, childhood sexual abuse, intimate partner violence), avoidant coping, and past-week depressive symptomology...
January 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068129/imagining-the-future-perspectives-among-youth-and-caregivers-in-the-trans-youth-family-study
#19
Sabra L Katz-Wise, Stephanie L Budge, Joe J Orovecz, Bradford Nguyen, Brett Nava-Coulter, Katharine Thomson
Future perspectives of transgender youth and their caregivers may be shaped by knowledge of discrimination and adverse mental health among transgender adults. Qualitative data from the Trans Youth Family Study were analyzed to examine how transgender and gender nonconforming (TGN) youth and their caregivers imagine the youth's future. A community-based sample of 16 families (16 TGN youth, ages 7-18 years, and 29 caregivers) was recruited from 2 regions in the United States. Participants completed in-person qualitative interviews and surveys...
January 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067726/autism-spectrum-disorder-outcomes-in-adulthood
#20
Patricia Howlin, Iliana Magiati
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Until recently, there has been little systematic study of adult life among individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) but recognition of the high psychological and social costs of ASD has led to an increase in adult-focused research over the past decade. The aim of this review is to summarize recent empirical findings on outcomes for adults with ASD. RECENT FINDINGS: Most research on adult outcomes in ASD indicates very limited social integration, poor job prospects and high rates of mental health problems...
January 6, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
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