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Family Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471526/predictors-and-outcomes-of-mealtime-emotional-climate-in-families-with-preschoolers
#1
Jaclyn A Saltzman, Kelly K Bost, Salma M A Musaad, Barbara H Fiese, Angela R Wiley
Objective: Mealtime emotional climate (MEC) is related to parent feeding and mental health, and possibly to child food consumption. However, MEC has been inconsistently assessed with a variety of coding schemes and self-report instruments, and has not been examined longitudinally. This study aims to characterize MEC systematically using an observational, count-based coding scheme; identify whether parent feeding or mental health predict MEC; and examine whether MEC predicts child food consumption and weight...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471461/gendered-pathways-to-burnout-results-from-the-salveo-study
#2
Nancy Beauregard, Alain Marchand, Jaunathan Bilodeau, Pierre Durand, Andrée Demers, Victor Y Haines
Aim: Burnout is a pervasive mental health problem in the workforce, with mounting evidence suggesting ties with occupational and safety outcomes such as work injuries, critical events and musculoskeletal disorders. While environmental [work and non-work, work-to-family conflict (WFC)] and individual (personality) pathways to burnout are well documented, little is known about how gender comes to influence such associative patterns. The aim of the study consisted in examining gendered pathways to burnout...
February 19, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471260/stress-underestimation-and-mental-health-literacy-of-depression-in-japanese-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Nanako Nakamura-Taira, Shuhei Izawa, Kosuke Chris Yamada
Appropriately estimating stress levels in daily life is important for motivating people to undertake stress-management behaviors or seek out information on stress management and mental health. People who exhibit high stress underestimation might not be interested in information on mental health, and would therefore have less knowledge of it. We investigated the association between stress underestimation tendency and mental health literacy of depression (i.e., knowledge of the recognition, prognosis, and usefulness of resources of depression) in Japanese workers...
January 2, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470591/-differences-in-subjective-health-mental-health-and-health-behavior-among-11-to-17-year-olds-at-secondary-schools-in-germany-results-of-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-survey-for-children-and-adolescents-first-follow-up-kiggs-wave-1
#4
Julia Waldhauer, Benjamin Kuntz, Thomas Lampert
BACKGROUND: Social inequalities in health can already be found among children and adolescents to the disadvantage of socially deprived population groups. This paper aims to detect, whether differences in subjective health, mental health and health behavior among young people are due to the secondary school type attended and whether these associations exist independently of the family's socioeconomic position (SEP). METHODS: The data basis was the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS Wave 1, 2009-2012)...
February 22, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470468/an-audit-of-risk-assessments-for-suicide-and-attempted-suicide-in-ed-a-retrospective-review-of-quality
#5
Wayne de Beer, Bernard DeWitt, Jules Schofield, Helen Clark, Veronique Gibbons
AIM: The primary aim of this audit was to determine the quality of psychiatric risk assessments conducted by Mental Health & Addiction Services clinicians for patients presenting to the emergency department, Waikato Hospital, Hamilton, New Zealand following an attempted suicide. METHOD: A retrospective, randomised audit of 376 files of patients who had presented to the ED over a 12-month period from 1 July 2015 to 30 June 2016 was conducted, following the standards outlined in the present New Zealand Ministry of Health Clinical Practice Guideline for Deliberate Self Harm (DSH)...
February 23, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469935/are-children-with-chronic-illnesses-requiring-dietary-therapy-at-risk-for-disordered-eating-or-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Jenny H Conviser, Sheehan D Fisher, Susanna A McColley
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric chronic illnesses (CI) can affect a child's mental health. Chronic illnesses with treatment regimens that specify a therapeutic diet may place the child at increased risk for disordered eating and specific eating disorders (ED). The aim of this review is to examine the relation between diet-treated CI and disordered eating and to determine the order of onset to infer directionality. Diet-treated CI is hypothesized to precede and to be associated with disordered eating...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469214/food-neglect-and-infant-development
#7
Jesse J Helton, Theodore P Cross, Michael G Vaughn, Tatiana Gochez-Kerr
The impact of food insecurity on child development in the general U.S. population is well-established, yet little is known about the harm of food neglect relative to other types of maltreatment. Due to the harmful physiological impact of inadequate nutrients and the social impact of food-related stress, it was hypothesized that food neglect would be more likely to impair infant cognitive and language development than physical abuse, sexual abuse, and other forms of neglect. Families of infants (N = 1,951) investigated by Child Protective Services were studied using the second cohort of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW II; NSCAW Research Group, 2002)...
February 22, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468922/the-impact-of-perceived-discrimination-on-personality-among-chinese-migrant-children-the-moderating-role-of-parental-support
#8
Xiaoping Xiang, Daniel Fu Keung Wong, Ke Hou
BACKGROUND: Previous research has indicated that perceived discrimination has harmful effects on migrant children's physical, mental and behavioral health. However, little is known as to whether these harmful effects cumulate to impact on migrant children's personalities. AIMS: This study examines the effect of perceived discrimination on personality, as well as the moderating role of parental support in the discrimination-personality linkage. METHODS: A purposeful convenience sample of 215 migrant children in Beijing, China, completed a standardized questionnaire...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468664/adverse-mental-health-outcomes-in-a-population-based-cohort-of-survivors-of-childhood-cancer
#9
Paul C Nathan, Alex Nachman, Rinku Sutradhar, Paul Kurdyak, Jason D Pole, Cindy Lau, Sumit Gupta
BACKGROUND: The elevated risk for physical late effects in childhood cancer survivors (CCS) is well documented, but their risk for mental health problems is less well described. METHODS: The authors assembled a cohort of all 5-year CCS who were diagnosed before age 18 years and treated in an Ontario pediatric cancer center between 1987 and 2008. Patients were matched to population controls and linked to health administration databases. The authors calculated rates of mental health care visits (family physician, psychiatrist, emergency department, hospitalization) and the risk for a severe mental health event (emergency department, hospitalization, suicide)...
February 22, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468464/characterizing-intervention-strategies-used-in-community-based-mental-health-care-for-infants-and-their-families
#10
Gabriela M Rodríguez, Dainelys Garcia, Angela Blizzard, Nicole E Barroso, Daniel M Bagner
Mental health interventions for infants typically target high-risk groups and can prevent long-term negative outcomes. Despite federal initiatives promoting early intervention, minimal research has examined usual care services for infants, which is important to improve routine care. The current study characterized usual care practices in infant mental health through the adaptation and administration of a provider survey. Providers (n = 126) reported using a wide range of intervention strategies and few intervention programs with varied evidence...
February 21, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468447/the-views-of-mental-health-manager-towards-the-use-of-a-family-work-model-for-psychosis-in-guangzhou-china
#11
Jeremy Dixon, Jie Lei, Wanyi Huang, Jacqueline Sin, Gina Smith
Family Interventions in Psychosis (FIP) have been promoted internationally but have been criticised for being based on western cultural models. This paper reports on a focus group study with 10 Integrated Mental Health Service Managers in Guangzhou, China using thematic analysis. Managers believed FIP might benefit families but identified potential difficulties due to (a) families avoiding services due to the 'shame' of mental illness (b) unrealistic expectations of services amongst families (c) deferral to 'key decision-makers' within families when discussing family issues with workers...
February 21, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468084/a-development-study-and-randomised-feasibility-trial-of-a-tailored-intervention-to-improve-activity-and-reduce-falls-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-mild-dementia
#12
Rowan H Harwood, Veronika van der Wardt, Sarah E Goldberg, Fiona Kearney, Pip Logan, Vicky Hood-Moore, Vicky Booth, Jennie E Hancox, Tahir Masud, Zoe Hoare, Andrew Brand, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards, Carys Jones, Roshan das Nair, Kristian Pollock, Maureen Godfrey, John R F Gladman, Kavita Vedhara, Helen Smith, Martin Orrell
Background: People with dementia progressively lose abilities and are prone to falling. Exercise- and activity-based interventions hold the prospect of increasing abilities, reducing falls, and slowing decline in cognition. Current falls prevention approaches are poorly suited to people with dementia, however, and are of uncertain effectiveness. We used multiple sources, and a co-production approach, to develop a new intervention, which we will evaluate in a feasibility randomised controlled trial (RCT), with embedded adherence, process and economic analyses...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467817/mental-health-literacy-what-do-nigerian-adolescents-know-about-depression
#13
Deborah O Aluh, Obinna C Anyachebelu, Chibueze Anosike, Ezinne L Anizoba
Background: Depression is a leading cause of disability and has been projected to become the 2nd most burdensome disease by the year 2020; depression has also been found to be the strongest single risk factor for attempted or completed suicides. Adolescent-onset mood disorders are frequently unrecognized or misdiagnosed and often go untreated. While there is a growing literature on the mental health literacy of adults, there has not been a parallel interest in the mental health literacy of young people in Nigeria...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466377/understanding-the-psychiatric-effects-of-concussion-on-constructed-identity-in-hockey-players-implications-for-health-professionals
#14
Ryan Todd, Shree Bhalerao, Michael T Vu, Sophie Soklaridis, Michael D Cusimano
OBJECTIVE: The following study was undertaken to investigate the effect of concussion and psychiatric illness on athletes and their caregivers. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 20 ice hockey stakeholders (17 men and 3 women) including minor and professional players, coaches, parents, and physicians were conducted over two years (2012-2014). These interviews were analyzed using grounded theory. RESULTS: From this analysis, a common biographical theme emerged whereby the subject's identity as a hockey player, constructed early in life over many years, was disrupted by concussion...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463287/weaved-into-the-cultural-fabric-a-qualitative-exploration-of-alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-among-tribal-women-in-odisha-india
#15
Sanghamitra Pati, Abhimanyu Singh Chauhan, Pranab Mahapatra, Devraj Hansdah, Krushna Chandra Sahoo, Sandipana Pati
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based research has documented the association between alcohol intake during pregnancy and increased risk of miscarriage, stillbirth and congenital birth defects. Alcohol consumption is a complex behavior whose origins lay in cultural norms and the social structure. In tribal communities in India, alcohol misuse among women is a public health problem. This study is intended to explore perceptions and beliefs among tribal women and the community towards alcohol consumption during pregnancy...
February 20, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462893/social-determinants-of-perceived-discrimination-among-black-youth-intersection-of-ethnicity-and-gender
#16
Shervin Assari, Cleopatra Howard Caldwell
Most of the existing sociological and epidemiological literature has focused on the protective effects of high socioeconomic status (SES) on population health through reducing exposure to risk factors and increasing human and material resources that can mitigate adversities. Recent studies, however, have documented poor mental health of high SES Blacks, particularly African American males and Caribbean Black females. The literature also shows a link between perceived discrimination and poor mental health. To better understand the extra costs of upward social mobility for minority populations, this study explored ethnic by gender variations in the associations between SES indicators and perceived discrimination in an ethnically diverse national sample of Black youth...
February 15, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460358/role-of-social-environmental-protective-factors-on-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-among-midwestern-homeless-youth
#17
Kimberly A Tyler, Rachel M Schmitz, Colleen M Ray
We employ a social stress framework, which examines the influence of multiple stressors (e.g., physical abuse, foster care placement) on an individual's ability to function (e.g., mental well-being), to longitudinally examine the effects of stressful life events on mental health and the role of the social environment in this process among 150 homeless youth. Results revealed that numerous stressors, such as physical abuse and running away from home more frequently, were associated with greater depressive symptoms and elevated anxiety...
March 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460194/spiritual-well-being-associated-with-personality-traits-and-quality-of-life-in-family-caregivers-of-cancer-patients
#18
Anna Vespa, Roberta Spatuzzi, Fabiana Merico, Marica Ottaviani, Paolo Fabbietti, Cristina Meloni, Letizia Raucci, Marcello Ricciuti, Domenico Bilancia, Giuseppe Pelliccioni, Maria Velia Giulietti
PURPOSE: This study focuses on the spiritual well-being (SWB) of the family caregivers of cancer patients, examining the relationship with personality traits and quality of life (QoL) in palliative and curative care settings. METHODS: All participants (n = 199) underwent the following self-report questionnaires: the Structural Analysis of Social Behavior (SASB)-Form A, the SWB Index, and the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form (SF-36). SWB scores were dichotomized at a cutoff corresponding to the 75th percentile...
February 19, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458198/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-adult-inflammation-findings-from-the-1958-british-birth-cohort
#19
Mingyi Chen, Rebecca E Lacey
BACKGROUND: The relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACE) and poorer health across the life course is well established. Increased chronic inflammation might be one mechanism through which these associations operate. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between ACE and adult inflammation using a prospective longitudinal study. We also investigated whether associations were explained by life course socioeconomic, psychological and health behavioural factors, and whether associations differed by gender...
February 16, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457190/family-based-interventions-targeting-improvements-in-health-and-family-outcomes-of-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Marissa A Feldman, Lindsay M Anderson, Jenna B Shapiro, Aneta M Jedraszko, Meredyth Evans, Lindsey E G Weil, Kimberly P Garza, Jill Weissberg-Benchell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A systematic review was conducted of family-based interventions to improve glycemic control, adherence, and psychosocial outcomes in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Electronic databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published since the seminal Diabetes Control and Compliance Trial (DCCT). Interventions are summarized and findings reviewed to help guide clinical practice and future research. RECENT FINDINGS: Twenty-five RCTs are reviewed...
February 19, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
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