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Family Mental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929086/positive-and-negative-social-support-and-hpa-axis-hyperactivity-evidence-from-glucocorticoids-in-human-hair
#1
Eleonora Iob, Clemens Kirschbaum, Andrew Steptoe
INTRODUCTION: While positive social support is associated with lower prevalence of disease and better treatment outcomes, negative social relationships can instead have unfavourable consequences for several physical and mental health conditions. However, the specific mechanisms by which this nexus might operate remain poorly understood. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis hyperactivity owing to psychosocial stress has been proposed as a potential pathway underlying the link between social support and health...
June 12, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928147/associations-between-physical-and-psychosocial-factors-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-women-who-gave-birth-after-a-kidney-transplant
#2
Yuki Yoshikawa, Junji Uchida, Chiharu Akazawa, Nobuhiko Suganuma
Purpose: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among kidney transplant recipients is associated with physical and psychosocial characteristics. Furthermore, pregnancy and childcare may be particularly challenging for women. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between patients' psychosocial characteristics and HRQOL, specifically for recipients who have given birth after their kidney transplant. Patients and methods: This was a cross-sectional study...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927659/limitations-in-the-prediction-of-mass-violence-cautionary-tales
#3
Robert P Archer
The incidents of mass violence that have occurred in the United States have been deeply disturbing to the public as well as to mental health professionals. The public, the media, as well as our patients, family members, and friends have reached out to mental health professionals in the hope that we can provide an understanding of these events that might serve to reduce their frequency in the future. This article explores how we can best respond to these requests, including the current limitations of psychologists in the prediction of mass violence...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927316/the-burden-of-moderate-to-severe-atopic-dermatitis-in-canadian-children-a-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Alanna C Bridgman, Panteha Eshtiaghi, Amanda Cresswell-Melville, Michele Ramien, Aaron M Drucker
OBJECTIVES: Although atopic dermatitis (AD) has significant impacts on quality of life, data from Canada on the subject are limited. This survey aims to assess the burden of moderate to severe AD on quality of life and disease management for pediatric patients and their caregivers in Canada. METHODS: The Eczema Society of Canada conducted an online national cross-sectional survey in English and French. We included children with self-reported moderate to severe AD...
July 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927309/the-resilience-status-of-chinese-left-behind-children-in-rural-areas-a-meta-analysis
#5
Bao Dong, Dandan Yu, Qiongqiong Ren, Dongdong Zhao, Jie Li, Ye-Huan Sun
The resilience has become the main trend of the left-behind children's (LBC) mental health research. To evaluate the resilience status of Chinese LBC in rural areas, a meta-analysis was performed. Relevant studies were identified using electronic databases from 1990 to 2017. Pooled weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were calculated with fixed and random effects models. A total of 14 cross-sectional studies with 9777 individuals were included in this meta-analysis. The results showed there was significant difference in the aspects of family support and RSCA (Resilience Scale for Chinese Adolescents) total score between LBC and non-left-behind children (NLBC)...
June 21, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925419/follow-up-study-regarding-the-medium-term-effectiveness-of-the-home-visiting-program-pro-kind-at-age-7-years-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Sören Kliem, Malte Sandner, Anna Lohmann, Susan Sierau, Verena Dähne, Annette M Klein, Tanja Jungmann
BACKGROUND: Pro Kind is a German adaptation of the US Nurse Family Partnership program. It is an intervention based on home visits targeting first-time mothers from disadvantaged populations. Pro Kind was implemented as a randomized control trial from 2006 to 2012 with N = 755 first-time mothers (TG n = 394, CG n = 391). The 7-8-year follow-up aims to assess the mid-term effects of the program. METHODS/DESIGN: Mid-term outcomes are being assessed by trained assessors...
June 20, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925358/consequences-of-obstetric-fistula-in-sub-sahara-african-countries-from-patients-perspective-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#7
Debrework Tesgera Bashah, Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku, Mezgebu Yitayal Mengistu
BACKGROUND: Women with fistula live in a state of distress and in fear of their future life. An obstetric fistula has a devastating impact on affected women and their families. The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize the evidence from published articles on the consequences of obstetric fistula on women who endure the condition. METHODS: The consequences were systematically reviewed from purely qualitative and mixed method primary studies. The literatures were searched through the search engines Google, Google scholar, Hinari using Pub Med data bases, and citation tracking...
June 20, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922910/-prescribing-valproate-to-girls-and-women-of-childbearing-age-in-germany-analysis-of-trends-based-on-claims-data
#8
Nadine Wentzell, Ulrike Haug, Tania Schink, Susanne Engel, Judith Liebentraut, Roland Linder, Marlies Onken, Christof Schaefer, Katarina Dathe
BACKGROUND: Measures to raise awareness of the teratogenic potential of valproate and restrict its use in girls/women of childbearing age have been intensified. For Germany, the impact of these measures on valproate prescription rates remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: Trends in prescribing valproate, the underlying treatment indication, and the specialty of the prescribing physician are analyzed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With claims data from several statutory health insurance providers from 2004 to 2016 (approximately 3...
June 19, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922112/pathway-to-care-and-clinical-profile-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-new-delhi-india
#9
Puneet Anand, Ankur Sachdeva, Vipin Kumar
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood neurobehavioral disorder, which may cause impairment in multiple domains. Understanding the pathway to care helps in planning effective early interventions. The study aims to provide a quantitative description of the factors affecting the help-seeking pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted at an outpatients department of a tertiary care multispecialty hospital. Fifty consecutive consenting children aged 5-15 years were screened and diagnosed for ADHD using Conners' Parent Rating Scale-Revised: Short Form, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fourth edition text revision criteria, and Kiddie Schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia...
May 2018: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921649/social-support-and-maternal-mental-health-at-4-months-and-1-year-postpartum-analysis-from-the-all-our-families-cohort
#10
Erin Hetherington, Sheila McDonald, Tyler Williamson, Scott B Patten, Suzanne C Tough
BACKGROUND: Low social support is consistently associated with postpartum depression. Previous studies do not always control for previous mental health and do not consider what type of support (tangible, emotional, informational or positive social interaction) is most important. The objectives are: to examine if low social support contributes to subsequent risk of depressive or anxiety symptoms and to determine which type of support is most important. METHODS: Data from the All Our Families longitudinal pregnancy cohort were used (n=3057)...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920685/the-impact-of-carer-status-on-participation-in-healthy-activity-and-self-reported-health-among-australian-women-over-50-years
#11
Teagan Farrugia, Alana Hewitt, Helen Bourke-Taylor, Annette V Joosten
BACKGROUND/AIM: Occupational therapists frequently work with carers and their family member who requires direct services. In Australia, women provide the majority of informal care. Carer status is determined by the provision of informal help or supervision to an older person, or a person with a disability or long-term health condition. Caregiving responsibilities can impact mental and physical health and reduce women's participation in leisure activities and the labour force. The aim of the study was to examine differences in the participation of Australian women, aged 50 years and over, with and without caregiving responsibilities, in self-selected health promoting activities, self-reported mental health and participation in physical activity...
June 19, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920636/quality-of-life-in-parents-of-children-born-with-esophageal-atresia
#12
Stefanie Witt, Michaela Dellenmark-Blom, Jens Dingemann, Carmen Dingemann, Benno M Ure, Barbara Gomez, Monika Bullinger, Julia Quitmann
INTRODUCTION:  For parents of chronically ill children, the experiences of caregiving are challenged by increased demands and restrictions imposed by their child's disease. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the quality of life (QoL) in parents of children born with esophageal atresia (EA) and to explore associated factors. METHODS:  Parents of children (2-17 years) with EA recruited from two German pediatric hospitals participated in this cross-sectional study about QoL in EA...
June 19, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917225/psychological-treatments-for-adults-and-children-with-epilepsy-evidence-based-recommendations-by-the-international-league-against-epilepsy-psychology-task-force
#13
Rosa Michaelis, Venus Tang, Laura H Goldstein, Markus Reuber, William Curt LaFrance, Tobias Lundgren, Avani C Modi, Janelle L Wagner
Given the significant impact that psychosocial factors and epilepsy treatments can have on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of individuals with epilepsy and their families, there is great clinical interest in the role of psychological evaluation and treatments to improve HRQOL and comorbidities. Therefore, the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) charged the Psychology Task Force with the development of recommendations for clinical care based on evaluation of the evidence from their recent Cochrane review of psychological treatments in individuals with epilepsy...
June 19, 2018: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916621/-italian-contribute-to-the-ciass-validation
#14
Giuliana Spadaro, Angelo Romano, Cristina O Mosso
OBJECTIVES: Interpersonal relationships contribute to the psychological adjustments to chronic disease, directly affecting health and, more generally, life satisfaction of patients. Those factors are often threatened by the fear of becoming target of prejudices and discrimination from those who share their daily life with. Thus, this study proposes a contribution to the Italian adaptation and validation of the Chronic Illness Anticipated Stigma Scale (CIASS), a brief questionnaire (12 items) that aims to assess perceived stigma of chronic illness patients in family, work and health care contexts...
November 2017: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916525/chronic-grief-management-a-live-streaming-video-group-based-intervention-for-family-caregivers-of-individuals-with-dementia-in-long-term-care
#15
Olimpia Paun, Fawn Cothran
Family caregivers of individuals with Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) experience long-term mental health effects. Although caregivers who place relatives in long-term care (LTC) experience increased depression, anxiety, and chronic grief post-placement, interventions to improve caregivers' mental health have focused mainly on in-home care. Current researchers previously tested a group-based Chronic Grief Management Intervention (CGMI) with ADRD caregivers of individuals in LTC, with significant effects on caregiver mental health outcomes...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916521/mental-health-promotion-for-gender-minority-adolescents
#16
Valerie Tobin, Walter O Bockting, Tonda L Hughes
The current study uses an ecological model of biopsychosocial vulnerability to guide the description of risk and protective factors for the mental health of gender minority (i.e., transgender and gender non-conforming) adolescents at the individual, family, community, and societal levels. Minority stress is the vulnerability of youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) to adverse mental health outcomes due to stigma. In addition, unlike cisgender (non-transgender) LGB individuals, gender minorities may experience internal stress related to gender dysphoria...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916432/approach-to-family-assessment-and-intervention
#17
Anand Krishnan, Priyamadhaba Behera, Baridalyne Nongkynrih
Background.: Family studies are an integral part of teaching of community medicine to all undergraduate medical and nursing students. It enhances the understanding of students about social determinants and multifactorial causation of disease. However, there is no standard approach towards it and it is seen as a clinical presentation with some elements of family included. We describe a systematic and comprehensive approach to a family study. Methods.: Based on the existing literature and personal experience, we identified 11 domains under the acronym Family ASSESSMENT-Structure, Socioeconomic, Sickness, Nutritional, Educational, Environmental, Affordability, System (health), Mental, Family influence, Threats...
September 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914462/factors-associated-with-motivation-in-medical-education-a-path-analysis
#18
Natchaya Kunanitthaworn, Tinakon Wongpakaran, Nahathai Wongpakaran, Salilthip Paiboonsithiwong, Natchaphon Songtrijuck, Pimolpun Kuntawong, Danny Wedding
BACKGROUND: This study identified and investigated the relationship between demographics, mental health problems, positive personality traits and perceived social support and motivation in medical education (MME) among first year medical students. METHODS: One hundred-thirty eight first year medical students completed the Academic Motivation Scale, Outcome Inventory, Strength Based Inventory, and Multidimensional Scale for Perceived Social Support. Path analysis was conducted to identify relationships between the variables of interest and each type of motivation, including intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and amotivation...
June 18, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914413/examination-of-performance-of-the-center-for-epidemiologic-studies-depression-scale-short-form-10-among-african-youth-in-poor-rural-households
#19
Kelly Kilburn, Leah Prencipe, Lisa Hjelm, Amber Peterman, Sudhanshu Handa, Tia Palermo
BACKGROUND: Youth mental health has emerged as a pressing global issue. However, to advance research gaps in low-income settings, we need valid measures of common mental health disorders. Using primary data collected in five countries (Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe), this study aims to assess the psychometric properties of the commonly used 10-item Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D 10) scale among poor, disadvantaged youth populations in sub-Saharan African (SSA)...
June 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914409/adverse-childhood-experiences-among-patients-with-substance-use-disorders-at-a-referral-psychiatric-hospital-in-kenya
#20
Sarah Kanana Kiburi, Keneilwe Molebatsi, Anne Obondo, Mary W Kuria
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorders are a major cause of health and social problems worldwide. Research evidence shows a strong graded relationship of adverse childhood experiences and substance use in adulthood. This study aimed at determining the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences and their association with substance use among patients with substance use disorders. METHOD: The study used a descriptive cross-sectional design. A total of 134 patients aged 18 years and above receiving inpatient treatment for substance use disorders were recruited into the study...
June 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
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