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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534220/is-decompressive-surgery-the-only-treatment-option-a-case-series-of-patients-with-spinal-tuberculosis-in-advanced-pregnancy
#1
Ashok K Rathod, Vishwajeet Singh, Prateek Patil, Hemant Singh
PURPOSE: To present cases of spinal tuberculosis in advanced pregnancy treated on anti-tuberculous drug regimen with successful outcome and proposing alternative paradigm to surgical decompression. A case series of five patients in stages of advanced pregnancy with neurologic deterioration and spinal tuberculosis were reported and treated. METHODS: Five patients with backache in advanced stages of pregnancy were reported. Patients were diagnosed as cases of spinal tuberculosis on further imaging studies...
May 22, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533875/-management-of-spontaneous-pneumothorax-about-138-cases
#2
Bouchra Habibi, Leila Achachi, Sohaib Hayoun, Mohammed Raoufi, Laila Herrak, Mustapha El Ftouh
Pneumothorax is a collection of air in the pleural cavity. We conducted a retrospective study of patients with spontaneous pneumothorax in the Department of Pneumology at the Ibn Sina Hospital in Rabat (2009-2011) with the aim to determine the epidemiological, clinical, radiological, therapeutic and evolutionary manifestation of spontaneous pneumothorax. The study involved 138 patients: 128 men and 10 women (17-83 years), with an average age of 44.5 +/- 17.4 years and sex ratio of 12/8. 81.2% of patients were smokers...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529684/c-reactive-protein-and-radiographic-findings-of-lower-respiratory-tract-infection-in-infants
#3
Maria Twomey, Hannah Fleming, Fiachra Moloney, Kevin P Murphy, Lee Crush, Siobhan B O'Neill, Oisin Flanagan, Karl James, Conor Bogue, Owen J O'Connor, Michael M Maher
AIM: To evaluate the association between C-reactive protein (CRP) and radiological evidence of lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) in infants. METHODS: All patients aged less than 4 years who presented with suspected lower respiratory tract infection, who received a peri-presentation chest radiograph and CRP blood measurement over an 18-mo period were included in the study. Age, gender, source of referral, CRP, white cell count, neutrophil count along with the patients' symptoms and radiologist's report were recorded...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529108/a-3-to-18-year-follow-up-of-revision-total-hip-arthroplasty-with-impacted-bone-allografts-and-cemented-lubinus-sp-ii-stem-clinical-radiographic-and-survivorship-analysis-with-comparison-to-the-literature
#4
Hampus Stigbrand, Gösta Ullmark
BACKGROUND: We present the first medium- to long-term follow-up of revision total hip arthroplasty using impaction bone grafting (IBG) combined with the matte and collared Lubinus SP II stem for cases of severe osteolysis and stem loosening. METHODS: Sixty-nine femoral revisions were identified for 67 patients consecutively operated with revision femoral arthroplasty using IBG and a cemented Lubinus SP II stem. The mean age was 69 years (standard deviation, 9.9)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527963/clinical-significance-of-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum
#5
Brittany A Potz, Linda H Chao, Thomas T Ng, Ikenna C Okereke
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is classified as free air in the mediastinum in the absence of any precipitating cause. It is relatively uncommon, and the clinical significance and risk associated with SPM is not well understood and has not been widely documented in the literature. Our goals were to determine the outcomes of patients who presented with SPM and to determine predictors of severe pathology associated with SPM. METHODS: From 2004 through 2013, a retrospective review was conducted of patients who presented with SPM to our institution...
May 18, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526949/antemortem-identification-by-fusion-of-mr-and-ct-of-the-paranasal-sinuses
#6
Jakob Heimer, Dominic Gascho, Simon Gentile, Gary M Hatch, Michael J Thali, Thomas D Ruder
Radiologic forensic identification is usually performed by comparing antemortem and postmortem radiographs. While computed tomography (CT) has become a valuable addition to radiologic identification, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has only rarely been used for this purpose. In our case, identification was accomplished using fused MR- and CT images in a survivor of a gunshot injury to the head. This case supports and highlights the possibility to perform intermodality radiologic identification comparing preexisting MR imaging to subsequently aquired CT data in living (or deceased) humans as long as manual modifications of windowing, color and contrast enable differentiation of the two modalities in the fused image...
May 20, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526236/management-of-severe-valgus-knee-by-total-unconstrained-arthroplasty-a-comparative-study-with-long-term-follow-up
#7
X Paredes-Carnero, A B Fernández-Cortiñas, J Escobar, J M Galdo, J G Babé
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of unconstrained implants in the correction of large valgus deformities using total knee arthroplasty (TKA). MATERIAL AND METHOD: A total of 817 primary TKA operated between 1998 and 2006 were retrospectively assessed. 50 TKA were selected (group A) in 49 patients, with a minimum deformity of 15° of valgus, 41 cases were included. Another 50 ATR were selected (group B), with a maximum deformity of 15° of varus, finally including 44 cases in 42 patients...
May 16, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525493/influence-of-myelography-and-postmyelographic-ct-on-therapeutic-decisions-in-degenerative-diseases-of-the-cervical-spine
#8
Thomas Westermaier, Christina Doerr, Christian Stetter, Thomas Linsenmann, Stefan Koehler, Joerg Eriskat, Laszlo Solymosi, Ralf-Ingo Ernestus
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of clinical records and radiologic imaging by 3 independent reviewers to assess the indication for surgical treatment with and without myelography and postmyelographic computed tomography (MCT). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether myelography and MCT obtained in addition to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) influence therapeutic decisions in degenerative diseases of the cervical spine. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: MRI has become the standard examination in spinal diseases...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525488/artificial-disk-replacement-combined-with-fusion-versus-2-level-fusion-in-cervical-2-level-disk-disease-with-a-5-year-follow-up
#9
Gyu Yeul Ji, Chang Hyun Oh, Dong Ah Shin, Yoon Ha, Seong Yi, Keung Nyun Kim, Hyun Cheol Shin, Do Heum Yoon
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the long-term clinical and radiologic outcomes of hybrid surgery (HS) and 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (2-ACDF) in patients with 2-level cervical disk disease. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In a previous study with a 2-year follow-up, HS was shown to be superior to 2-ACDF, with a better Neck Disability Index (NDI) score, less postoperative neck pain, faster C2-C7 range of motion (ROM) recovery, and less adjacent ROM increase...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525478/a-radiographic-analysis-of-cervical-sagittal-alignment-in-adolescent-idiopathic-cervical-kyphosis
#10
Xiao-Long Shen, Ye Tian, Xu-Hui Zhou, Dong Ren, Peng Cao, Wen Yuan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the radiologic features of adolescent idiopathic cervical kyphosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There are few previous reports about radiographic analysis of cervical sagittal alignment of adolescent idiopathic cervical kyphosis. A new method was proposed in this article to evaluate the severity of cervical kyphosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 41 adolescent patients with cervical kyphosis were reviewed...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525475/a-comparison-of-multilevel-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-corpectomy-in-patients-with-4-level-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy-a-minimum-2-year-follow-up-study-multilevel-anterior-cervical-discectomy
#11
Zhonghai Li, Jiancheng Huang, Zhizhong Zhang, Fengning Li, Tiesheng Hou, Shuxun Hou
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical series. OBJECTIVES: To compare perioperative parameters, clinical outcomes, radiographic parameters, and complication rates of segmental anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (sACCF) plus preservation of middle vertebrae with those of multilevel anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (mACDF) in 70 patients with 4-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). METHODS: Between July 2006 and May 2011, 70 consecutive patients [49 males and 21 females; mean age 56...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525471/cervical-disk-replacement-with-discover-versus-fusion-in-a-single-level-cervical-disk-disease-a-prospective-single-center-randomized-trial-with-a-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#12
Marjan Rožanković, Sergej M Marasanov, Miroslav Vukić
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized study. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical outcome after Discover arthroplasty versus anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) in patients treated for symptomatic single-level cervical disk disease. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ACDF is still the gold standard for surgical treatment of cervical spine degenerative disk disease. However, results of many studies suggest that it may cause degenerative changes at levels immediately above and below the fusion, known as adjacent segment degenerative disease...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511523/achondroplasia-with-polydactyly-a-case-report
#13
Caroline Frank, Sameeya Shariff, Muddepalle Pavani, Balasubramanian Karthika, Sridhar Thathekalva
An eight-year-old girl child reported to the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology with the chief complaint of unerupted permanent teeth for past two years. The child presented features like disproportionately short stature, rhizomelic shortening of arms and legs, long face, frontal bossing and saddle nose. Based on the findings of chest and spine radiographs and ultrasound the case was diagnosed as a rare bone disorder "Achondroplasia". This case also presents a unique feature of polydactyly. Polydactyly is a manifestation in clinical medicine because it can serve as an indicator for a plethora of congenital anamolies...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511438/assessing-the-safety-and-clinical-impact-of-thoracoscopic-lung-biopsy-in-patients-with-interstitial-lung-disease
#14
Scott Lieberman, James Benjamin Gleason, Mohamed Iyoob Mohamed Ilyas, Felipe Martinez, Jinesh P Mehta, Edward B Savage
INTRODUCTION: The clinical relevance of surgical lung biopsy in Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD) is supported in the literature. Yet most reports reflect institutional or personal bias. AIM: To evaluate the validity of radiologic diagnosis and clinical impact of lung biopsy to help clarify which patient benefit most from biopsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of a prospectively managed database. All patients who had a surgical lung biopsy for ILD within a period of four year (2009 to 2013) were included...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508240/atlantoaxial-dislocation-and-os-odontoideum-in-two-identical-twins-perspectives-on-etiology
#15
Xiangsheng Tang, Mingsheng Tan, Ping Yi, Feng Yang, Qingying Hao
PURPOSE: There are two theories about the origin of os odontoideum: traumatic or congenital. However, most studies favor the hypothesis of traumatic theory. To emphasize the congenital theory, we report a pair of identical twins both with atlantoaxial dislocation and os odontoideum, which is believed to be a congenital defect. METHODS: We present two 14-year-old identical twins with atlantoaxial dislocation and os odontoideum. Neither of the twins had history of trauma in head nor cervical spine...
May 15, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507956/an-unusual-case-of-giant-cell-tumor-of-first-metatarsal-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#16
Kumar Prashant, Tulsi Das Bhattacharyya, Herman Frank, Prema Ram
INTRODUCTION: Giant cell tumor (GCT) or osteoclastoma is an osteolytic, mostly benign but locally aggressive tumor occurring in young adults at the epiphysis. Area of predilection is mainly long bones (85-90%). 4% of GCT are also found in iliac bone, spine and only 2% in hand (of which GCT phalanges are more common than metacarpal). GCT of metatarsal is a very rare occurrence with very few cases being reported so far. We report a case of GCT 1(st) metatarsal in a 40-year-old male which is a very rare entity...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506314/application-of-intraoperative-limb-length-measurement-by-a-new-osteotomy-device-in-hemiarthroplasty-for-treating-femoral-neck-fracture
#17
Zhanle Zheng, Lei Yang, Yanling Su, Xian Yu, Zhiyong Hou, Yingze Zhang
BACKGROUND: Limb length discrepancy is one of the most common complications after hip arthroplasty. We developed a device - intraoperative limb-length measurement and osteotomy device (ILMOD), and applied it to patients who were treated with hemiarthroplasty for femoral neck fracture to improve limb length discrepancy by providing an accurate osteotomy during hemi-arthroplasty. METHODS: Between April 2012 and October 2013, 65 patients were treated with hip hemiarthroplasty for femoral neck fracture at our trauma center...
May 15, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506299/developmental-hip-dysplasia-treated-by-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-a-cementless-wagner-cone-stem-in-young-adult-patients-with-a-small-physique
#18
Ping Zhen, Jun Liu, Hao Lu, Hui Chen, Xusheng Li, Shenghu Zhou
BACKGROUND: Developmental hip dysplasia (DDH) may lead to severe acetabular and femoral abnormalities that can render total hip arthroplasty (THA) challenging, especially in DDH patients with a small physique. Most conventional cemented or cementless femoral components are often difficult to implant in the narrow femoral canal and require slight version correction during surgery. The aim of this study was to present the mid-term results of THA in the treatment of DDH patients with a small physique using a cementless Wagner cone prosthesis (Zimmer®, US)...
May 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504811/percutaneous-screw-fixation-for-scaphoid-fractures
#19
Mohamed E Al-Ashhab, Hossam El-Dein A Elbegawi
Treatment of nondisplaced scaphoid waist fractures has evolved from conventional cast immobilization to percutaneous screw insertion. This study assessed clinical and radiologic outcomes of volar percutaneous screw fixation for 15 type B2 scaphoid fractures (according to the Herbert and Fisher classification). All patients were followed for an average of 33 months (range, 6-50 months). All fractures achieved radiographic union at an average of 57 days (range, 35-70 days), requiring no additional procedures...
May 15, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503459/changes-in-resting-calcaneal-stance-position-angle-following-insole-fitting-in-children-with-flexible-flatfoot
#20
Eui Chang Lee, Myeong Ok Kim, Hyo Sang Kim, Sang Eun Hong
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the relationship of the initial radiologic and a biomechanical parameter at first clinical visit, and define the effectiveness of modified insole, following insole fitting in children with flexible flatfoot. METHODS: Children aged less than 13 years with flexible flatfoot were enrolled. The total number of subjects was 66 (33 boys, 33 girls). The subjects were divided into 5 subgroups, based on age: 1-2, 3-4, 5-6, 7-9, and 10-12 years. The mean time period between the initial & final examination for their resting calcaneal stance position angle (RCSPA) was 24 months...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
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