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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909654/bone-substitutes-and-expanders-in-spine-surgery-a-review-of-their-fusion-efficacies
#1
Abhijeet Kadam, Paul W Millhouse, Christopher K Kepler, Kris E Radcliff, Michael G Fehlings, Michael E Janssen, Rick C Sasso, James J Benedict, Alexander R Vaccaro
STUDY DESIGN: A narrative review of literature. OBJECTIVE: This manuscript intends to provide a review of clinically relevant bone substitutes and bone expanders for spinal surgery in terms of efficacy and associated clinical outcomes, as reported in contemporary spine literature. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Ever since the introduction of allograft as a substitute for autologous bone in spinal surgery, a sea of literature has surfaced, evaluating both established and newly emerging fusion alternatives...
2016: International Journal of Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909126/medium-term-outcomes-of-the-universal-2-total-wrist-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#2
R Badge, K Kailash, D R Dickson, S Mahalingam, A Raza, A Birch, D Nuttall, S R Murali, M J Hayton, S Talwalkar, A C Watts, I A Trail
AIMS: The aims of this study were to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of the Universal-2 total wrist arthroplasty (TWA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective review of all 95 Universal-2 TWAs which were performed in our institution between 2003 to 2012 in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. A total of six patients were lost to follow-up and two died of unrelated causes. A total of ten patients had bilateral procedures...
December 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905673/single-versus-multiple-visits-for-endodontic-treatment-of-permanent-teeth
#3
REVIEW
Maddalena Manfredi, Lara Figini, Massimo Gagliani, Giovanni Lodi
BACKGROUND: Root canal treatment (RoCT), or endodontic treatment, is a common procedure in dentistry. The main indications for RoCT are irreversible pulpitis and necrosis of the dental pulp caused by carious processes, tooth cracks or chips, or dental trauma. Successful RoCT is characterised by an absence of symptoms (i.e. pain) and clinical signs (i.e. swelling and sinus tract) in teeth without radiographic evidence of periodontal involvement (i.e. normal periodontal ligament). The success of RoCT depends on a number of variables related to the preoperative condition of the tooth, as well as the endodontic procedures...
December 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905002/disseminated-candidiasis-in-a-young-previously-healthy-dog-and-review-of-literature
#4
Nicole Willems, Dirk J Houwers, Yvette M Schlotter, Bart Theelen, Teun Boekhout
BACKGROUND: The reports on disseminated candidiasis in dogs so far describe at least one predisposing factor. This case report, however, highlights candidiasis in a dog without any known predisposition. PATIENT: A 1.5-year-old intact female Hovawart dog was presented with subcutaneous nodules and polyuria/polydipsia. An excisional biopsy revealed a chronic pyogranulomatous and necrotizing inflammation with mycotic structures. The patient became febrile and lethargic, and developed lameness...
November 30, 2016: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904997/pleiotrophin-the-angiogenic-and-mitogenic-growth-factor-levels-in-serum-and-synovial-fluid-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-osteoarthritis-and-correlation-with-clinical-laboratory-and-radiological-indices
#5
S M H Fadda, I H Bassyouni, R H Khalifa, N Y Elsaid
BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported a possible involvement of pleiotrophin (PTN) in the pathophysiology of osteoarthritis (OA) and very little is known about its role in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study is to measure PTN in the sera and synovial fluids in RA and OA and to assess its relation to activity, functional class and radiological staging. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Serum and synovial fluid samples were collected from 35 RA patients and 40 knee OA patients and serum samples were withdrawn from 20 healthy controls...
November 30, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904716/is-anterior-bridge-plating-for-mid-shaft-humeral-fractures-a-suitable-option-for-patients-predominantly-involved-in-overhead-activities-a-functional-outcome-study-in-athletes-and-manual-laborers
#6
Abhishek S Mahajan, Young Gun Kim, Jae Hwa Kim, Prashanth D'sa, Azhar Lakhani, Hyun Soo Ok
BACKGROUND: To assess the functional and radiological outcomes of minimally invasive anterior bridge plating (ABP) for mid-shaft humerus fractures in patients predominantly involved in overhead activities (athletes and manual laborers). METHODS: Forty-eight patients fulfilling inclusion criteria were treated with ABP at a level-I trauma center using a 4.5-mm dynamic/locking compression plate and followed for a period of 1 year. Functional outcome was assessed using the Constant, Mayo elbow, and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) scores...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904223/talocalcaneal-coalition-a-focus-on-radiographic-findings-and-sites-of-bridging
#7
Soon Hyuck Lee, Hyung Jun Park, Eui Dong Yeo, Young Koo Lee
BACKGROUND: Verifying the exact location of talocalcaneal (TC) coalition is important for surgery, but the complicated anatomy of the subtalar joint makes it difficult to visualize on radiographs. No study has used computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to verify the radiological characteristics of TC coalition or those of different facet coalitions. Therefore, this study verified the radiological findings used to identify TC coalitions and those of different facet coalitions using CT and MRI...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900509/conversion-of-hip-fusion-to-total-hip-arthroplasty-clinical-radiological-outcomes-and-complications-in-40-hips
#8
Mustafa Celiktas, Ozkan Kose, Adil Turan, Ferhat Guler, Cagri Ors, Emre Togrul
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective study is to report the clinical and radiological outcome of total hip arthroplasty in patients with previous hip arthrodesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 28 (40 hips) prospectively followed patients in whom ankylosed hips were converted to total hip arthroplasty (THA) between 2010 and 2014 in our institution. The average age at the time of the conversion operation was 40.8 ± 9.8 years (range 24-62)...
November 29, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900304/clinical-outcome-of-design-modifications-to-the-cls-spotorno-stem-in-total-hip-replacement
#9
Angelo Graceffa, Pier Francesco Indelli, Leonardo Latella, Paolo Poli, Alexander Fulco, Massimiliano Marcucci
PURPOSE: historically, the original CLS Spotorno Stem has demonstrated excellent survival. The design of this stem was recently modified, resulting in the introduction of a shorter, modular version (CLS Brevius). The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the functional, radiological and survivorship outcomes of the cementless CLS Brevius Stem in a multi-surgeon, single center, consecutive series study at two years post-surgery. METHODS: the Authors performed 170 total hip arthroplasties in 155 patients using the shorter, triple-taper stem design (CLS Brevius)...
July 2016: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900253/the-clinico-radiological-spectrum-of-masseteric-venous-malformation-case-report
#10
Kavita Agarwal, Hemant R Umarji, Sonali Kadam, Neeraj Agrawal
Due to its location, intra-masseteric venous malformation often mistaken for a parotid swelling and clinical examination alone frequently underestimates the deep extension of the lesion and rarely gives accurate pre-operative diagnosis. But once it is diagnosed, the feasibility of the treatment and the plan of approach depend on accurate delineation of the extent, size and location of the lesion. Therefore, complimentary radiographic studies are essential for its management. In this case report, typical features of venous malformation within the masseter muscle, including clinical findings (turkey wattle sign) and imaging are presented...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898253/establishing-equipoise-national-survey-of-the-treatment-of-pediatric-para-pneumonic-effusion-and-empyema
#11
Morgan K Richards, Jarod P Mcateer, Todd C Edwards, Lucas R Hoffman, Matthew P Kronman, Dennis W Shaw, Adam B Goldin
BACKGROUND: Despite six randomized trials of various treatments for pediatric para-pneumonic effusion (PPE), management approaches differ. The purpose of this study was to gain insight into opinions on PPE treatment with the goal of designing a definitive trial to generate consensus intervention guidelines. METHODS: To evaluate physician opinions regarding PPE management, we developed a survey based on input from a nationwide, multi-disciplinary advisory group that established content validity...
November 29, 2016: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895201/intraorbital-wooden-foreign-body-detected-by-computed-tomography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#12
Alfredo Di Gaeta, Francesco Giurazza, Eugenio Capobianco, Alvaro Diano, Mario Muto
To identify and localize an intraorbital wooden foreign body is often a challenging radiological issue; delayed diagnosis can lead to serious adverse complications. Preliminary radiographic interpretations are often integrated with computed tomography and magnetic resonance, which play a crucial role in reaching the correct definitive diagnosis. We report on a 40 years old male complaining of pain in the right orbit referred to our hospital for evaluation of eyeball pain and double vision with an unclear clinical history...
November 28, 2016: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894835/reducing-resource-utilization-during-non-operative-treatment-of-pediatric-proximal-humerus-fractures
#13
A Z Gladstein, A T Schade, A W Howard, M W Camp
INTRODUCTION: The majority of proximal humeral fractures in the skeletally immature are treated non-operatively. Operative indications vary but are largely based on degree of displacement. Non-union is rare. Non-operatively treated fractures are typically monitored radiographically to assess healing. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that the decision to treat fractures operatively is made at the time of first imaging and that follow-up X-rays do not lead to a change in management...
November 25, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894176/complications-and-short-term-outcomes-of-medial-opening-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy-using-a-locking-plate-for-medial-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee
#14
Seung-Suk Seo, Ok-Gul Kim, Jin-Hyeok Seo, Do-Hoon Kim, Youn-Gu Kim, In-Seung Lee
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate complications and radiologic and clinical outcomes of medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO) using a locking plate. Materials and Methods: This study reviewed 167 patients who were treated with MOWHTO using a locking plate from May 2012 to June 2014. Patients without complications were classified into group 1 and those with complications into group 2. Medical records, operative notes, and radiographs were retrospectively reviewed to identify complications...
December 1, 2016: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889923/normal-radiological-unossified-hip-joint-space-and-femoral-head-size-development-during-growth-in-675-children-and-adolescents
#15
Veronika Wegener, Gabriele Jorysz, Andreas Arnoldi, Sandra Utzschneider, Bernd Wegener, Volkmar Jansson, Bernhard Heimkes
Evaluation of hip joint space width during child growth is important to aid in the early diagnosis of hip pathology in children. We established reference values for hip joint space and femoral head size for each age. Hip joint space development during growth was retrospectively investigated medial and cranial in 1350 hip joints of children using standard anteroposterior supine plain pelvic radiographs. Maximum capital femoral epiphysis diameter and femoral radii were further more investigated. Hip joint space values show a slow decline during growth...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889655/a-prediction-model-based-on-biomarkers-and-clinical-characteristics-for-detection-of-lung-cancer-in-pulmonary-nodules
#16
Jie Ma, Maria A Guarnera, Wenxian Zhou, HongBin Fang, Feng Jiang
Lung cancer early detection by low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) can reduce the mortality. However, LDCT increases the number of indeterminate pulmonary nodules (PNs), whereas 95% of the PNs are ultimately false positives. Modalities for specifically distinguishing between malignant and benign PNs are urgently needed. We previously identified a panel of peripheral blood mononucleated cell (PBMC)-miRNA (miRs-19b-3p and -29b-3p) biomarkers for lung cancer. This study aimed to evaluate efficacy of integrating biomarkers and clinical and radiological characteristics of smokers for differentiating malignant from benign PNs...
November 24, 2016: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889405/primary-total-knee-arthroplasty-for-elderly-complex-tibial-plateau-fractures
#17
Jie-Feng Huang, Jian-Jian Shen, Jun-Jie Chen, Pei-Jian Tong
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical and radiologic results of primary Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) for elderly complex tibial plateau fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between November 2010 and February 2012, six cases of elderly complex tibial plateau fractures were treated with primary TKA using the standard medial parapatellar approach. All six patients were available at follow up with mean duration of 32.3 months (range 25-41 months)...
November 23, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889373/-infant-respiratory-distress-revealing-jeune-syndrome
#18
J Page, E Bodart, J-L Hennecker
Jeune syndrome (asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy) is a rare autosomal recessive osteochondrodysplasia with a variable degree of severity, clinically characterized by respiratory distress with a narrow chest and limb shortness. The reported incidence is one to five in 500,000 live births. Most patients develop severe respiratory failure during the first 2 years of life, leading to death in 60-80 % of cases. Survivors may suffer from renal, hepatic, or pancreatic complications. Expanding thoracic surgery can be used for severe cases...
November 23, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889111/minimally-invasive-fixation-in-tibial-plateau-fractures-using-an-pre-operative-and-intra-operative-real-size-3d-printing
#19
Silvio Giannetti, Nicola Bizzotto, Andrea Stancati, Attilio Santucci
The purpose of our study was to compare the outcome after minimally invasive reconstruction and internal fixation with and without the use of pre- and intra-operative real size 3D printing for patients with displaced tibial plateau fractures (TPFs). We prospectively followed up 40 consecutive adult patients with closed TPF who underwent surgical treatment of reconstruction of the tibial plateau with the use of minimally invasive fixation. Sixteen patients (group 1) were operated using a pre-operative and intra-operative real size 3D-model, while 24 patients (group 2) were operated without 3D-model printing, but using only pre-operative and intra-operative 3D Tc-scan images...
November 18, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885837/imaging-findings-of-flexion-type-of-hangman-s-fracture-an-attempt-for-a-more-objective-evaluation-with-newly-introduced-scoring-system
#20
Sawsan Taif, Venugopal K Menon, Asif Alrawi, Ahmed Sameer Alnuaimi, Kishore Kumar Mollahalli, Khalifa Al Ghafri
OBJECTIVE: To identify the flexion type of hangman's fracture on imaging studies. METHODS: Thirty-eight cases of Hangman's fractures were retrospectively studied and categorised into flexion and non-flexion groups. Plain radiograph, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of these patients were evaluated, 13 radiological parameters that might define flexion injuries were measured. The data was statistically analysed to identify good criteria and to rank them according to their importance in predicting flexion...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
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