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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938108/cervical-arthroplasty-versus-anterior-cervical-fusion-for-symptomatic-adjacent-segment-disease-after-anterior-cervical-fusion-surgery-review-of-treatment-in-41-patients
#1
Sang-Bok Lee, Kyoung-Suok Cho
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy and safety of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and cervical total disc replacement (CTDR) as revision surgeries for symptomatic adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) in cases with previous ACDF. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2010 and 2014, 41 patients with previous cervical fusion surgery underwent ACDF or CTDR for symptomatic ASD. Twenty-two patients in the ACDF group underwent 26 ACDFs, and 19 patients in the CTDR group underwent 25 arthroplasties for symptomatic ASD...
August 4, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936285/clinical-and-radiological-outcome-of-arthrocentesis-followed-by-autologous-blood-injection-for-treatment-of-chronic-recurrent-temporomandibular-joint-dislocation
#2
Jinesh Patel, Kumar Nilesh, M I Parkar, Alpesh Vaghasiya
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to evaluate the functional outcome and MRI findings of arthrocentsis followed by autologous blood injection (ABI) into the joint space for management of chronic recurrent TMJ dislocation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Total ten patients with bilateral chronic recurrent condylar dislocation were included in the study. Arthrocentesis of both TMJ was performed on each patient, followed by the injection of 2 ml of autologous blood into the superior joint compartment and 1 ml onto the outer surface of the joint capsule...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935490/immediate-loading-of-subcrestally-placed-dental-implants-in-anterior-and-premolar-sites
#3
Anders Henningsen, Ralf Smeets, Kai Köppen, Susanne Sehner, Frank Kornmann, Alexander Gröbe, Max Heiland, Till Gerlach
PURPOSE: Immediate loading of dental implants has been evolving into an appropriate procedure for the treatment of partially edentulous jaws. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical success and radiological outcome of immediately and delayed loaded dental implants in anterior and premolar sites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, data of 163 individuals requiring tooth removal with subsequent implant placement in anterior and premolar sites were analyzed...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935435/subchondral-tibial-bone-texture-predicts-the-incidence-of-radiographic-knee-osteoarthritis-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#4
T Janvier, R Jennane, H Toumi, E Lespessailles
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether trabecular bone texture (TBT) parameters measured on computed radiographs could predict the onset of radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects from the Osteoarthritis Initiative with no sign of radiographic OA at baseline were included. Cases that developed either a global radiographic OA defined by the Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) scale, a joint space narrowing (JSN) or tibial osteophytes (TOS) were compared with the controls with no changes after 48 months of follow-up...
September 18, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933333/-canine-elbow-humeroulnar-incongruity-measurements-using-computed-tomography
#5
R Snášil, P Proks, A Nečasová, K Michalčáková, A Nečas
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The purpose of the study is to compare the repeatability and reproducibility of quantitative and subjective evaluation of elbow humeroulnar incongruity (HUI) using computed tomography (CT) on an in vivo canine model. MATERIAL AND METHODS HUI was evaluated on canine (n = 50) elbow joints (n = 100). The computed tomography of elbow joints was performed under intravenous sedation. Multiplanar reconstructions (MPR) were produced. HUI was evaluated on sagittal MPR images subjectively and by measuring the subluxation index (SI)...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932038/unicystic-ameloblastoma-in-conjunction-with-peripheral-ameloblastoma-a-unique-case-report-presenting-with-diverse-histological-patterns
#6
Sravani Ghattamaneni, Shilpa Nallamala, Venkateswara Rao Guttikonda
Ameloblastomas are benign epithelial odontogenic neoplasms which are locally aggressive with an insidious growth pattern. Based on the clinical, radiographic, histopathology and behavioral and prognostic aspects, four variants of ameloblastoma are distinguished. They include solid/multicystic ameloblastoma, unicystic ameloblastoma (UA), peripheral ameloblastoma (PA) and desmoplastic ameloblastoma. UA and PA are two variants that have no clinical or radiological resemblance to each other. A case of simultaneous occurrence of these two lesions displaying an array of different histopathological entities together, with a note on pathological insight, has been reported in a 59-year-old adult male patient...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929204/salvage-of-a-monoblock-metal-on-metal-cup-using-a-dual-mobility-liner-a-two-year-mri-follow-up-study
#7
Maximilian F Kasparek, Lisa Renner, Martin Faschingbauer, Wenzel Waldstein, Kilian Rueckl, Friedrich Boettner
PURPOSE: Revision of failed modular metal-on-metal total hip replacement (MoM-THA) can be technically difficult. A dual mobility liner can help to salvage a well-fixed acetabular component. The present paper reports the clinical and radiographic outcome of revision of failed Birmingham modular MoM-THA using a dual mobility liner. METHODS: The present study reports on ten patients (3 female and 7 male) with 11 revision THAs. Patients underwent revision an average of 51 months (range 40-73 months) after index procedure...
September 19, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926505/do-all-clavicle-fractures-in-children-need-to-be-managed-by-orthopedic-surgeons
#8
John Adamich, Andrew Howard, Mark Camp
OBJECTIVES: Although many uncomplicated pediatric fractures do not require routine long-term follow-up with an orthopedic surgeon, practitioners with limited experience dealing with pediatric fractures will often defer to a strategy of frequent clinical and radiographic follow-up. Development of an evidence-based clinical care pathway can help unnecessary radiation exposure to this patient population and reduce costs to patient families and the health care system. METHODS: A retrospective analysis including patients who presented to the Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) for management of clavicle fractures was performed...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924066/-factors-contributing-to-surgical-intervention-for-subacute-subdural-hematoma-enlargement-in-patients-with-mild-head-injuries
#9
Yosuke Akamatsu, Tohru Sasaki, Masayuki Kanamori, Shinsuke Suzuki, Hiroshi Uenohara, Teiji Tominaga
Delayed neurological deterioration following mild head injury(MHI)usually occurs within 24 hours. However, some cases require delayed surgical evacuation of an acute subdural hematoma(ASDH), owing to subacute progressive hematoma enlargement. This study aimed to determine radiological or clinical parameters associated with surgical intervention in ASDH cases in which surgery was not initially considered necessary. From 2010 to 2015, 64 patients were non-surgically treated for ASDH following MHI. We evaluated the various outcomes of eventual surgical ASDH evacuation after the first 48 hours following injury, due to hematoma enlargement and clinical deterioration...
September 2017: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919612/bone-age-determination-by-radiology-imaging-in-bangladesh-perspective
#10
M I Hossain, M G Hafiz, M A Islam, M N Islam, M M Ahsan, N Mostofa, R Mondal, M M Hossain
Determination of age is one of the most important and vital demand in legal affairs, court and young sports, especially from 7-21 years. There is no established age determination table in our county. So we are dependent upon Galstaun, Bashu & Bashu and other European tables, which sometimes provide misinterpretation and variation of opinion. We should have our own table suitable for our nation. So, this prospective study was carried out in the Department of Radiology and Imaging of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2010 to June 2014 (five years) to assess the general skeletal maturity...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918999/diagnosis-of-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-after-a-first-shoulder-dislocation
#11
Geoffroy Nourissat, Marie Vigan, Claude Hamonet, Levon Doursounian, Julien Deranlot
BACKGROUND: Shoulder dislocation is often the first symptom of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). Whether it occurs in early-onset EDS is unknown. In most cases, surgical failure leads to the diagnosis. We aimed to determine whether clinical symptoms can signal the presence of EDS at a first dislocation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we analyzed clinical and radiologic data for 27 patients with EDS and shoulder instability and a control population of 40 consecutive non-EDS patients undergoing surgery for an unstable shoulder...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917996/poor-efficacy-of-tnf-inhibitors-in-non-radiographic-axial-spondyloarthritis-in-the-absence-of-objective-signs-a-bicentric-retrospective-study
#12
Céline Vidal, Cédric Lukas, Bernard Combe, Francis Berenbaum, Yves Marie Pers, Christian Jorgensen, Jérémie Sellam, Jacques Morel
OBJECTIVE: To compare BASDAI 50 response rate to TNFi in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) depending on the presence or not of objective signs of axSpA and to look for predictive factors of TNFi efficacy. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with axSpA according to ASAS criteria "clinical arm" and treated between January 2001 and September 2015 with TNFi were included. First group included patients with at least one objective sign such as arthritis, dactylitis, enthesitis, uveitis, inflammatory bowel disease, elevated C-reactive protein or radiological sacroiliitis, and second group included non-radiographic axSpA (nr-axSpA) patients without any objective sign corresponding to patients with inflammatory back pain and either a good response to NSAID or a SpA family history...
September 13, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917605/outcomes-using-wedge-stem-with-full-hydroxiapatite-coverage-with-a-minimum-of-5-years-follow-up
#13
D Godoy-Monzon, M Buttaro, F Comba, G Zanotti, F Piccaluga, I Neira-Borrajo
INTRODUCTION: Total Hip Arthroplsty (THA) using uncemented stems is a popular practice in the last decades. The implant survivorship is crtitical and a less than 10% revision at 10 years is been propesed for commercialization and use. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the clinicoradiological results of an uncemented hydroxiapatite covered wedge stem with a 5 years minimum follow up. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective study, patients aged from 21-75years were included...
September 13, 2017: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917547/growth-of-the-new-thumb-metacarpal-after-pollicization-for-thumb-hypoplasia
#14
Michael A Tonkin, Nathan D Trist, Dirk J van der Spuy, Albert Yoon, Harvinder P Singh, Richard D Lawson
PURPOSE: To investigate the radiographic length and width of the new thumb metacarpal in relation to the middle finger proximal phalanx; to assess the incidence of premature physeal closure of the new metacarpal; and to consider whether there is a relationship between growth characteristics and the presence of union or nonunion of the new trapezium to the retained index finger metacarpal base. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty pollicizations were assessed with preoperative or immediate postoperative radiographs and follow-up radiographs to establish the growth characteristics of the new thumb metacarpal...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917431/results-of-toccata-%C3%A2-resurfacing-pip-joint-arthroplasty-a-series-of-32%C3%A2-cases-at-a-mean-follow-up-of-5-9%C3%A2-years
#15
W Kim, B Renaud, P Dumontier, J-L Condamine
The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term results of proximal interphalangeal (PIP) resurfacing arthroplasty for treating osteoarthritis: the PIP Toccata implant(®). This was a retrospective study of 32 out of 33 PIP arthroplasty cases performed with a dorsolateral or a Chamay approach by two surgeons after a minimum follow-up of 24 months. Patients were reviewed using a standardized assessment of pain, function, mobility and radiological changes. The average follow-up was 5.9 years. The mean active range of motion was 67° (15-95)...
September 13, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916885/geometric-analysis-and-clinical-outcome-of-two-cemented-stems-for-primary-total-hip-replacement-with-and-without-modular-necks
#16
Marcel Haversath, Christine Wendelborn, Marcus Jäger, Boris Schmidt, Wojciech Kowalczyk, Stefan Landgraeber
INTRODUCTION: Restoration of the physiological biomechanical principles of the hip is crucial in total hip replacement. The aim of this study was to compare an arthroplasty system with different offset options (a: Exeter(®)) with a dual-modular stem (b: Profemur Xm(®)). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A local and an inertial coordinate system were used to assist the description of the components' assembly in the prosthesis. A resection line of the femoral head in standard position was added to the arthroplasties and geometric parameters were measured...
September 15, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914378/the-spectrum-of-psoriatic-arthritis-in-a-south-african-cohort
#17
Jean-Paul Muzemb Kanyik, Annibale Coi, Asgar Ali Kalla
The aim of this study was to describe the clinical features of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in a South African cohort. This is a retrospective analysis of patients contributing to development of the international classification criteria for PsA, ClASsification criteria for Psoriatic ARthritis (CASPAR). Patients were all seen at the arthritis clinics at Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town. Demographic, clinical, laboratory and radiographic information was collected. This study describes the relevant findings relating to the clinical profile of the patients seen at our centre as well as the effect of family history and/or dactylitis in determining the severity of psoriatic arthritis...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914248/comparative-evaluation-of-clinical-and-radiological-success-of-zinc-oxide-ozonated-oil-modified-3mix-mp-antibiotic-paste-and-vitapex-as-treatment-options-in-primary-molars-requiring-pulpectomy-an-in-vivo-study
#18
Divya Doneria, Seema Thakur, Parul Singhal, Deepak Chauhan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic success of zinc oxide-ozonated oil (ZnO-OO), modified 3Mix antibiotic paste, and Vitapex in treatment of primary molars requiring pulpectomy. METHODS: Sixty-four primary molars of forty three children aged between 4 and 8 years with pulpally involved primary molars requiring root canal procedures were treated with ZnO-OO, modified 3Mix-MP paste, and Vitapex. The subjects were followed up clinically at 1, 6, and 12 months whereas radiographically at 6 and 12 months, respectively...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913406/long-term-results-of-a-porous-tantalum-monoblock-tibia-component-clinical-and-radiographic-results-at-follow-up-of-10-years
#19
Daniel Gerscovich, Catherine Schwing, Anthony Unger
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to assess the long-term follow-up of cementless total knee arthroplasty with the trabecular metal (TM) monoblock tibial component at an average 10-year follow-up. This report is an extension of our previously reported series of 108 TM tibias reported in 2011 (Unger and Duggan, 2011). METHODS: Fifty-eight of the original 108 knees were available for review. Each follow-up patient was evaluated by radiologic and clinical Knee Society Scores...
September 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911958/application-of-real-time-surgical-navigation-for-zygomatic-implant-insertion-in-patients-with-severely-atrophic-maxilla
#20
Feng Wang, Michael M Bornstein, Kuofeng Hung, Shengchi Fan, Xiaojun Chen, Wei Huang, Yiqun Wu
PURPOSE: Computer-aided treatment technology has extended its applications to oral implantology. This report describes the authors' initial clinical experience on the application of a commercially available navigation system (VectorVision) in zygomatic implant (ZI) insertion in the severely atrophic maxilla. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective longitudinal study. Eligible patients with maxillary edentulism who were treated with ZI placement were enrolled...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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