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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227738/antibiotic-resistance-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-iranian-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Arshid Yousefi-Avarvand, Hamid Vaez, Mohsen Tafaghodi, Amir Hossein Sahebkar, Mohsen Arzanlou, Farzad Khademi
Antibiotic therapy for children infected with Helicobacter pylori is important. However, resistance to antibiotics is one of the main causes of treatment failure. This study was designed to evaluate the prevalence pattern of antibiotic resistance of H. pylori in Iranian children using a systematic review and meta-analysis of literature. A computerized search (until June 10, 2017) using related keywords in the national and international databases was performed. A total of 261 original articles on antibiotic resistance of H...
December 11, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227329/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-second-line-immunosuppressants-for-autoimmune-hepatitis-treatment
#2
Michele De Lemos-Bonotto, Cristiane Valle-Tovo, Ane M Costabeber, Angelo A Mattos, André L F Azeredo-da-Silva
INTRODUCTION: The gold-standard treatment for autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a prednisone/azathioprine combination. However, subgroups of patients may be unresponsive to this treatment. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of second-line immunosuppressive therapies for AIH through a systematic review and meta-analysis in adult patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The systematic review was registered at the PROSPERO platform under number 42015019831. Databases MEDLINE (PubMed), Lilacs, Cochrane, and Scielo were searched...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226234/implementation-of-a-clinical-reasoning-course-in-the-internal-medicine-trimester-of-the-final-year-of-undergraduate-medical-training-and-its-effect-on-students-case-presentation-and-differential-diagnostic-skills
#3
Sigrid Harendza, Ingo Krenz, Andreas Klinge, Ulrike Wendt, Matthias Janneck
Background: Clinical reasoning, comprising the processes of clinical thinking, which form the basis of medical decisions, constitutes a central competence in the clinical routine on which diagnostic and therapeutic steps are based. In medical curricula in Germany, clinical reasoning is currently taught explicitly only to a small extend. Therefore, the aim of this project was to develop and implement a clinical reasoning course in the final year of undergraduate medical training. Project description: A clinical reasoning course with six learning units and 18 learning objectives was developed, which was taught by two to four instructors on the basis of 32 paper cases from the clinical practice of the instructors...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225671/tourette-syndrome-and-other-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-comprehensive-review
#4
REVIEW
Elena Cravedi, Emmanuelle Deniau, Marianna Giannitelli, Jean Xavier, Andreas Hartmann, David Cohen
Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (TS) is a complex developmental neuropsychiatric condition in which motor manifestations are often accompanied by comorbid conditions that impact the patient's quality of life. In the DSM-5, TS belongs to the "neurodevelopmental disorders" group, together with other neurodevelopmental conditions, frequently co-occurring. In this study, we searched the PubMed database using a combination of keywords associating TS and all neurodevelopmental diagnoses. From 1009 original reports, we identified 36 studies addressing TS and neurodevelopmental comorbidities...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225633/genotoxicity-bioactivity-and-clinical-properties-of-calcium-silicate-based-sealers-a-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Farnaz Jafari, Sanaz Jafari, Paria Etesamnia
An ideal endodontic sealer should have many properties such as excellent seal after setting, dimensional stability, slow setting time to ensure sufficient working time, insolubility to tissue fluids, adequate adhesion with canal walls and biocompatibility. Genotoxicity is one of the important factors that influence biocompatibility of an endodontic sealer. This literature review was conducted to survey the genotoxicity, bioactivity and clinical perspectives of calcium silicate based sealers. We searched PubMed using appropriate MeSH keywords...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225589/state-of-the-art-of-interpersonal-physiology-in-psychotherapy-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Johann R Kleinbub
Introduction: The fast expanding field of Interpersonal Physiology (IP) focuses on the study of co-ordination or synchronization dynamics between the physiological activities of two, or more, individuals. IP has been associated with various relational features (e.g., empathy, attachment security, rapport, closeness…) that overlap with desirable characteristics of clinical relationships, suggesting that the relevant studies might provide objective, economical, and theory-free techniques to investigate the clinical process...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224787/global-research-output-in-antimicrobial-resistance-among-uropathogens-a-bibliometric-analysis-2002-2016
#7
Waleed M Sweileh, Samah W Al-Jabi, Sa 'ed H Zyoud, Ansam F Sawalha, Adham S Abu-Taha
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) among uropathogens contributes to treatment failure. Research in AMR among uropathogens is important to establish treatment. The aim of this study was to assess global research trends in AMR among uropathogens. METHODS: Sciverse Scopus was used to retrieve relevant documents for the period from 2002 to 2016. Only journal articles were included in the analysis. Analysis of author keywords was carried out using VOSviewer...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224237/major-haemorrhage-fatalities-in-the-australian-national-coronial-database
#8
Jacob S Gipson, Erica M Wood, Merrole F Cole-Sinclair, Zoe McQuilten, Neil Waters, Noel W Woodford
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to describe the epidemiology of major bleeding fatalities. METHODS: A case series analysis of Australia's National Coronial Information System was conducted. Keywords were used to search for closed cases of major haemorrhage in the state of Victoria for the period 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2011. Coroners' findings, autopsy reports and police reports of cases were reviewed. Demographic data were extracted, and cases were assigned to a clinical bleeding context...
December 10, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223453/hbv-reactivation-in-rheumatic-diseases-patients-under-therapy-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Mohsen Moghoofei, Shayan Mostafaei, Amir Ashraf-Ganjouei, Hoda Kavosi, Mahdi Mahmoudi
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B is one of the most common infectious diseases worldwide. In patients undergoing immunosuppressive therapy such as rheumatic diseases, reactivation of Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is considered clinically important. This systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to determine the prevalence rate of HBV reactivation in rheumatic patients from different parts of the world. It is worth mentioning that the aim of the current study was to report the prevalence of HBV with the application of meta-analysis...
December 6, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222544/association-of-age-related-hearing-loss-with-cognitive-function-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
David G Loughrey, Michelle E Kelly, George A Kelley, Sabina Brennan, Brian A Lawlor
Importance: Epidemiologic research on the possible link between age-related hearing loss (ARHL) and cognitive decline and dementia has produced inconsistent results. Clarifying this association is of interest because ARHL may be a risk factor for outcomes of clinical dementia. Objectives: To examine and estimate the association between ARHL and cognitive function, cognitive impairment, and dementia through a systematic review and meta-analysis. Data Sources and Study Selection: A search of PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and SCOPUS from inception to April 15, 2016, with cross-referencing of retrieved studies and personal files for potentially eligible studies was performed...
December 7, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221997/what-do-patients-want-to-know-questions-and-concerns-regarding-mammography-expressed-through-social-media
#11
Abbas M Charlie, Yiming Gao, Samantha L Heller
PURPOSE: The purpose of this project is to identify questions and concerns patients have regarding breast cancer screening mammography to establish priorities in patient education and health care communication. METHODS: A content analysis of posted questions (June 2010 to February 2017) containing the keywords mammogram and mammography was conducted on the social media question and answer website Quora (Quora Inc, Mountainview, California). Question topic, responses, and number of views were recorded...
December 5, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220086/zinc-against-advanced-glycation-end-products
#12
REVIEW
Sorayya Kheirouri, Mohammad Alizadeh, Vahid Maleki
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are destructive compounds with pathogenic importance in age-related chronic diseases. Zinc has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic potential. This study was aimed to summarize effects of zinc on AGEs formation and AGEs induced damaging agents. Pubmed, Google scholar, Web of Sciences, and Scopus databases were searched. There was no limitation for publication date. English language original articles (in vitro, experimental and human studies) which examined the effect of external zinc on AGEs formation, AGEs- induced apoptosis, or oxidative stress in mammals were included...
December 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219631/tourette-syndrome-and-other-chronic-tic-disorders-an-update-on-clinical-management
#13
Davide Martino, Tamara M Pringsheim
The management of Tourette syndrome (TS) and other chronic tic disorders occurs in multiple stages and begins with comprehensive assessment and complex psychoeducation. Behavioral and pharmacological interventions (second stage) are needed when tics cause physical or psychosocial impairment. Deep brain stimulation surgery or experimental therapies represent the third stage. Areas covered: Discussed are recent advances in assessment and therapy of chronic tic disorders, encompassing the three stages of intervention, with the addition of experimental, non-invasive brain stimulation strategies...
December 8, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219206/neuroprotective-effects-of-antioxidants-in-the-management-of-neurodegenerative-disorders-a-literature-review
#14
Yunes Panahi, Seyyed Mahdi Rajaee, Thomas P Johnston, Amirhossein Sahebkar
It is proven that oxidative stress has a pivotal role in the process of neurodegeneration. The use of antioxidants is an attractive method to prevent the incidence of neurodegenerative diseases. We searched major databases (PubMed, Med Line and Google Scholar) using the keywords of neurodegeneration, oxidative stress, and antioxidant for both review and original studies which have reported the various beneficial effects of antioxidants. About 70 studies were identified for this review. Among various antioxidants, 9 antioxidants with the most applications in research investigations were selected and the major findings concerning their protective effects were reviewed...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218813/association-of-pnpla3-rs738409-polymorphism-with-liver-steatosis-but-not-with-cirrhosis-in-patients-with-hbv-infection-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Saman Ghalamkari, Heidar Sharafi, Seyed Moayed Alavian
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a worldwide health issue and is well known to be the main cause of developing secondary liver complications such as cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The PNPLA3 rs738409 polymorphism has been investigated conclusively with occurrence risk of steatosis and cirrhosis. Therefore, performing a meta-analysis of the available studies with the aim of clarifying the association between rs738409 and occurrence risk of steatosis and cirrhosis among HBV-infected patients would be helpful...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Gene Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216741/annals-express-evaluation-of-cellulose-pads-as-a-method-to-detect-cytomegalovirus-dna-in-neonatal-urine
#16
Florian Kipfmueller, Kira Jungbluth, Anna-Maria Eis-Hübinger, Ulrike Reber, Stefan Holdenrieder, Ulrich Gembruch, Peter Bartmann, Andreas Mueller
BACKGROUND: Several approaches exist to screen neonates for congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. We here describe a new method using cellulose pads for urine collection and its evaluation in an experimental and a clinical setting. METHODS: We systematically tested the effect of storage duration of the pads after exposure to CMV-positive urine, meconium contamination and specimen handling on the CMV load and the detection rate. Further, the method was tested in clinical practice in a cohort of 500 neonates...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216479/diagnosis-of-deep-vein-thrombosis-recurrence-ultrasound-criteria
#17
REVIEW
Mario Maufus, Antoine Elias, Marie-Thérèse Barrellier, Gilles Pernod
INTRODUCTION: Recurrent deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is often suspected in patients after anticoagulant drug withdrawal. The clinical signs can be confused with the onset of post-thrombotic syndrome. For these reasons, diagnosis of DVT recurrence must rely on an accurate method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In order to assess this challenging clinical issue, we performed an overview of the literature regarding ultrasound criteria for the diagnosis of recurrent DVT through a Medline search, which included articles published from January 1, 1980 to February 20, 2017...
November 14, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215397/keratoconus-and-personality-a-review
#18
Mark J Mannis, Jennifer J Ling, Ralph Kyrillos, Melissa Barnett
PURPOSE: To assess the existing literature on the subject of keratoconus and personality and to propose a theory that might account for the perceived personality changes associated with this condition. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in the PubMed database using the term "keratoconus" in combination with keywords such as personality, psychiatry, psychology, anxiety, depression, or psychosis. A total of 15 articles pertaining to personality and psychiatric disorders in keratoconus were retained and reviewed...
December 5, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214927/probiotic-supplementation-in-sports-and-physical-exercise-does-it-present-any-ergogenic-effect
#19
Audrey Yule Coqueiro, Amanda Beatriz de Oliveira Garcia, Marcelo Macedo Rogero, Julio Tirapegui
BACKGROUND: Probiotics are live microorganisms that promote health benefits to the host. Evidence indicates that some probiotic strains play an immunomodulatory role and reduce the incidence of respiratory and gastrointestinal infections in athletes and in physical activity practitioners. For this reason, probiotic supplementation could indirectly improve exercise performance. However, recent studies have observed direct ergogenic effects of probiotics, but the mechanisms of action are poorly elucidated...
December 2017: Nutrition and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214387/dealing-with-difference-a-scoping-review-of-psychotherapeutic-interventions-with-unaccompanied-refugee-minors
#20
REVIEW
Gwladys Demazure, Sydney Gaultier, Nicolas Pinsault
Unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) are a population at risk for developing mental problems, post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and/or depression. Therapists working with URMs often have to overcome language and cultural barriers, while taking into account these young people's specific needs. A growing literature describes a wide range of interventions designed to reduce psychopathologies and improve well-being. We summarized the different interventions used with URMs to get an overview of techniques used for reducing psychopathologies and difficulties of URMs and to give recommendations to help professionals...
December 6, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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