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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933638/nursing-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-in-hospitalized-patients-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Z Kazemzadeh, Z S Manzari, Z Pouresmail
AIM: This study aimed to clarify the role of nurses in planning and implementation of nursing interventions related to smoking cessation. BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION: Nearly half of all smokers die from smoking-related illnesses. Quitting smoking can reduce these problems. Smoking cessation interventions include various types helping smokers successfully quit. Studies suggest that hospitalization can be a golden opportunity for nurses helping patients to quit smoking because of No Smoking regulations...
December 9, 2016: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931908/the-efficacy-of-atomoxetine-in-treating-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-a-meta-analysis-of-controlled-trials
#2
Vinutha Ravishankar, Suresh Vedaveni Chowdappa, Vivek Benegal, Kesavan Muralidharan
Atomoxetine, a non-stimulant, is FDA approved drug used in the management of adult ADHD. Since the presentation of adult ADHD is different from the childhood onset condition, there is an urgent need to study the efficacy of atomoxetine on the different symptom domains of adult ADHD. To study the efficacy of atomoxetine in treating adult ADHD compared to placebo, we performed a Medline search for English language publications of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) comparing atomoxetine to placebo for adult ADHD using the keywords "adult ADHD", "atomoxetine" and "placebo"...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931389/effects-of-pollution-on-marine-organisms
#3
Alan J Mearns, Donald J Reish, Philip S Oshida, Ann Michelle Morrison, Mary Ann Rempel-Hester, Courtney Arthur, Nicolle Rutherford, Rachel Pryor
This review covers selected 2015 articles on the biological effects of pollutants and human physical disturbances on marine and estuarine plants, animals, ecosystems and habitats. The review, based largely on journal articles, covers field and laboratory measurement activities (bioaccumulation of contaminants, field assessment surveys, toxicity testing and biomarkers) as well as pollution issues of current interest including endocrine disrupters, emerging contaminants, wastewater discharges, dredging and disposal, etc...
October 2016: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930859/a-meta-synthesis-of-children-s-experiences-of-postoperative-pain-management
#4
Qian Wen Sng, Hong-Gu He, Wenru Wang, Beverley Taylor, Aloysius Chow, Piyanee Klainin-Yobas, Lixia Zhu
BACKGROUND: Ineffective management of postoperative pain in children has been reported widely. To improve the effectiveness of postoperative pain management for children, it was necessary to conduct a systematic review to better understand the current knowledge of children's experiences of their postoperative pain management. AIMS: The aim of this review was to update and synthesize current qualitative research of postoperative pain management based on children's experiences...
December 8, 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929355/global-physical-activity-levels-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Davy Vancampfort, James Mugisha, Marc De Hert, Michel Probst, Joseph Firth, Paul Gorczynski, Brendon Stubbs
PURPOSE: It is unclear how much physical activity people living with HIV (PLWH) engage in. We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate physical activity levels and its predictors in PLWH. METHODS: PubMed, PsycARTICLES, and CINAHL Plus were searched by two independent reviewers from inception till 1 April 2016 using the keywords: "HIV" OR "AIDS" AND "physical activity" OR "exercise" OR "sports". A random effects meta-analysis was conducted. RESULTS: Across 24 studies including 34 physical activity levels there were 3780 (2471♂) PLWH (mean age range: 37-58 years)...
December 8, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928960/research-advances-in-molecular-modeling-in-cyclodextrins
#6
Qianqian Zhao, Weixiang Zhang, Runmiao Wang, Yitao Wang, Defang Ouyang
BACKGROUND: Cyclodextrins (CDs), as one type of the novel pharmaceutical excipients, have been widely used in drug delivery and pharmaceutical industry. Over the past decades, a large amount of molecular modeling studies in CDs were reported for profound understanding of structural, dynamic and energetic features of CDs systems. Thus, this review is focused on qualitative and quantitative analysis of research outputs on molecular modeling in CDs. METHODS: The original data were collected from Web of Science and analyzed by scientific knowledge mapping tools, including Citespace, Science of Science, VOSviewer, GPSvisualizer and Gephi software...
December 8, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928755/mapping-the-scientific-research-on-non-point-source-pollution-a-bibliometric-analysis
#7
Beibei Yang, Kai Huang, Dezhi Sun, Yue Zhang
A bibliometric analysis was conducted to examine the progress and future research trends of non-point source (NPS) pollution during the years 1991-2015 based on the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-Expanded) of Web of Science (WoS). The publications referencing NPS pollution were analyzed including the following aspects: document type, publication language, publication output and characteristics, subject category, source journal, distribution of country and institution, author keywords, etc. The results indicate that the study of NPS pollution demonstrated a sharply increasing trend since 1991...
December 8, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928050/smokeless-tobacco-and-oral-potentially-malignant-disorders-in-south-asia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Zohaib Khan, Sheraz Khan, Lara Christianson, Sara Rehman, Obinna Ekwunife, Florence Samkange-Zeeb
: Oral Potentially Malignant Disorders (OPMDs) are chronic lesions or conditions characterized by a potential for malignant transformation. While recent meta-analyses show that smokeless tobacco (SLT) use is a risk factor for oral cancer in South Asia, there is a lack of pooled evidence regarding SLT use and the development of OPMDs. We searched Medline via PubMed, the Science Citation Index (SCI) via Web of Science, Scopus, CINAHL, Global Index Medicus and Google Scholar databases for relevant literature using a combination of keywords and MeSH terms...
December 7, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927042/pharmacological-treatments-for-methamphetamine-addiction-current-status-and-future-directions
#9
Javier Ballester, Gerald Valentine, Mehmet Sofuoglu
Methamphetamine (MA) abuse remains a global health challenge despite intense research interest in the development of pharmacological treatments. This review provides a summary of clinical trials and human studies on the pharmacotherapy of methamphetamine use disorder (MUD). Areas Covered: We summarize published clinical trials that tested candidate medications for MUD and also conducted PubMed and Google Scholar searches to identify recently completed clinical trials using the keywords "methamphetamine" "addiction" "pharmacotherapy" and "clinical trial...
December 7, 2016: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926598/acculturation-and-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-among-hispanic-women-in-the-united-states-systematic-review
#10
Dalia Alhasanat, Carmen Giurgescu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to evaluate studies that examined the relationship between acculturation and postpartum depression (PPD) among immigrant and/or refugee women in the United States. METHODS: A systematic, computer-assisted search of quantitative, English-language, peer-reviewed, published research articles was conducted in the Scopus, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and Maternity and Infant Care databases using the keyword terms of "postpartum depression" and "perinatal depression" in combination with "acculturation...
January 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925499/non-adherence-to-psychotropic-medication-among-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#11
Alexander Häge, Lisa Weymann, Lucia Bliznak, Viktoria Märker, Konstantin Mechler, Ralf W Dittmann
INTRODUCTION: Whether patients take their medication as prescribed is of increasing importance in adolescent psychiatry since both the number of efficacious pharmaceutical treatments and the rate of prescriptions of psychotropic compounds are on the rise. Previous research showed high rates of medication nonadherence among both adolescents with medical disorders and adult patients with psychiatric disorders. METHODS: The present review was performed according to PRISMA guidelines and evaluates existing scientific literature concerning adherence to psychotropic medication among adolescents...
December 7, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925480/evaluation-of-background-parenchymal-enhancement-on-breast-mri-a-systematic-review
#12
Bianca Bignotti, Alessio Signori, Francesca Valdora, Federica Rossi, Massimo Calabrese, Manuela Durando, Giovanna Mariscotti, Alberto Tagliafico
OBJECTIVES: To perform a systematic review of the methods used for background parenchymal enhancement (BPE) evaluation on breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: Studies dealing with BPE assessment on breast MRI were retrieved from major medical libraries independently by four reviewers up to 6 October 2015. The keywords used for database searching are "background parenchymal enhancement', 'parenchymal enhancement', "MRI" and "breast". The studies were included if a qualitative and/or quantitative methods for BPE assessment were described...
December 7, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925100/strategies-for-thirst-relief-integrative-literature-review
#13
Aline Korki Arrabal Garcia, Lígia Fahl Fonseca, Patricia Aroni, Cristina Maria Galvão
Objective: to analyze the strategies used to relieve the thirst of hospitalized patients. Method: an integrative review, for which the databases PubMed, LILACS, CINAHL and the group of references organized by the Group for Study and Research of Thirst were selected for the search of primary studies, with the keywords: thirst, ice, cold, intervention, nursing care, artificial saliva. Results: the review sample was composed of ten primary studies...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925015/trends-in-freshwater-microcrustaceans-studies-in-brazil-between-1990-and-2014
#14
W M Silva, G Perbiche-Neves
This study presents a review of scientiometric data about freshwater microcrustaceans (Copepoda, Ostracoda, Branchiopoda: Cladocera, Anostraca, Notostraca and Conchostraca) in Brazil from 1990-2014. This review is based on 179 papers published across four databases, using the following keywords in the search: microcrustaceans, Copepoda, Cyclopoida, Calanoida, Harpacticoida, Ergasilidae, Daphniidae, Moinidae, Cladocera, Ostracoda, Conchostraca, zooplankton, reservoir, river, ponds, reservoirs, wetlands, caves, lakes, limnology, ecology, aquatic, taxonomy, systematics, morphology and biogeography...
December 1, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924350/-use-of-intracutaneous-or-subcutaneous-botulinum-toxin-for-postherpetic-neuralgia
#15
L Halb, B J Amann, H Bornemann-Cimenti
BACKGROUND: Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT), a toxin of the anaerobic spore-forming bacterium Clostridium botulinum is used as a drug for alleviating muscle spasticity. Other indications include the cosmetic application in facial muscles, hyperhidrosis and neurogenic bladder disorders. It has been approved since 2010 as the first prophylactic treatment for chronic migraine. The analgesic effect of BoNT was observed early on and is currently the subject of intensive research. Painful postherpetic neuralgia is a common complication of an infection with herpes zoster virus...
December 6, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924021/aagatlas-1-0-a-human-autoantigen-database
#16
Dan Wang, Liuhui Yang, Ping Zhang, Joshua LaBaer, Henning Hermjakob, Dong Li, Xiaobo Yu
Autoantibodies refer to antibodies that target self-antigens, which can play pivotal roles in maintaining homeostasis, distinguishing normal from tumor tissue and trigger autoimmune diseases. In the last three decades, tremendous efforts have been devoted to elucidate the generation, evolution and functions of autoantibodies, as well as their target autoantigens. However, reports of these countless previously identified autoantigens are randomly dispersed in the literature. Here, we constructed an AAgAtlas database 1...
October 19, 2016: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921084/the-prevalence-of-herpes-simplex-virus-type-1-and-2-infection-in-iran-a-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Mina Malary, Ghasem Abedi, Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi, Mahdi Afshari, Mahmood Moosazadeh
BACKGROUND: Seroepidemiologic studies indicate a high prevalence of herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection. This infection leads to ophthalmic, dermatologic, oral, neurologic, vaginal and cervical problems. Different studies have been carried out to estimate the HSV seroprevalence in Iran. Combining the results of these studies would be useful for health policy-making. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to estimate the pooled prevalence of HSV infection using meta-analysis...
October 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920940/3d-printing-in-neurosurgery-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Michael Randazzo, Jared M Pisapia, Nickpreet Singh, Jayesh P Thawani
BACKGROUND: The recent expansion of three-dimensional (3D) printing technology into the field of neurosurgery has prompted a widespread investigation of its utility. In this article, we review the current body of literature describing rapid prototyping techniques with applications to the practice of neurosurgery. METHODS: An extensive and systematic search of the Compendex, Scopus, and PubMed medical databases was conducted using keywords relating to 3D printing and neurosurgery...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919863/applying-multiple-data-collection-tools-to-quantify-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-communication-on-twitter
#19
Philip M Massey, Amy Leader, Elad Yom-Tov, Alexandra Budenz, Kara Fisher, Ann C Klassen
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. There are several vaccines that protect against strains of HPV most associated with cervical and other cancers. Thus, HPV vaccination has become an important component of adolescent preventive health care. As media evolves, more information about HPV vaccination is shifting to social media platforms such as Twitter. Health information consumed on social media may be especially influential for segments of society such as younger populations, as well as ethnic and racial minorities...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919663/efficacy-of-low-level-laser-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-burning-mouth-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Sadeq Ali Al-Maweri, Fawad Javed, Butchibabu Kalakonda, Nader A AlAizari, Walid Al-Soneidar, Ameen Al-Akwa
BACKGROUND: Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a chronic pain condition with indefinite cure, predominantly affecting post-menopausal women. The aim of this study was to systematically review the efficacy of low level laser therapy in the treatment of burning mouth syndrome (BMS). METHODS: PubMed, Embase and Scopus were searched from date of inception till and including October 2016 using various combinations of the following keywords: burning mouth syndrome, BMS, stomatodynia, laser therapy, laser treatment and phototherapy...
December 2, 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
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