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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454220/early-life-sexual-abuse-is-associated-with-increased-suicide-attempts-an-update-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Qin Xiang Ng, Bob Zheng Jie Yong, Collin Yin Xian Ho, Donovan Yutong Lim, Wee-Song Yeo
Suicide is an emerging, yet preventable global health issue associated with significant mortality. Identification of underlying risk factors and antecedents may inform preventive strategies and interventions. This study serves to provide an updated meta-analysis examining the extent of association of early life sexual abuse with suicide attempts. Using the keywords [early abuse OR childhood abuse OR sexual OR rape OR molest* OR violence OR trauma OR PTSD] AND [suicid* OR premature OR unnatural OR deceased OR died OR mortality], a preliminary search on the PubMed, Ovid, PsychINFO, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases yielded 12,874 papers published in English between 1-Jan-1988 and 1-June-2017...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453618/lumbosacral-transitional-vertebrae-significance-of-local-bone-marrow-edema-at-the-transverse-processes
#2
Mika T Nevalainen, Eoghan McCarthy, William B Morrison, Adam C Zoga, Johannes B Roedl
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between low back pain and bone marrow edema in lumbosacral transitional vertebra (LSTV) transverse processes, and to assess the prevalence of LSTV in a physically active population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Individuals with LSTV on coronal MRI studies were identified in a retrospective review by keyword search from PACS. In total, 140 cases were reviewed by two fellowship-trained musculoskeletal radiologists. Data on associated low back pain were collected from patient records at the time of the imaging...
February 16, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453469/demographic-and-clinical-profile-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-central-nepal
#3
Subash Bhattarai, Merina Gyawali, Khus Raj Dewan, Gaurav Shrestha
INTRODUCTION: Liver cirrhosis is an important health problem worldwide and is a common disease in Nepal. The profile of cirrhosis may vary due to different factors. This study was undertaken to see the demographic and clinical profiles of patients with cirrhosis of liver attending a tertiary care hospital in Central Nepal. METHODS: Six hundred patients with clinical features, laboratory and sonological findings suggestive of chronic liver dysfunction and endoscopic evidence of portal hypertension were included in the study...
October 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453301/role-of-the-family-doctor-in-the-management-of-adults-with-obesity-a-scoping-review
#4
Elizabeth A Sturgiss, Nicholas Elmitt, Emily Haelser, Chris van Weel, Kirsty A Douglas
OBJECTIVES: Obesity management is an important issue for the international primary care community. This scoping review examines the literature describing the role of the family doctor in managing adults with obesity. The methods were prospectively published and followed Joanna Briggs Institute methodology. SETTING: Primary care. Adult patients. INCLUDED PAPERS: Peer-reviewed and grey literature with the keywords obesity, primary care and family doctors...
February 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451666/pilates-for-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Roberta Costa Espíndula, Gabriella Barbosa Nadas, Maria Inês da Rosa, Charlie Foster, Florentino Cardoso de Araújo, Antonio Jose Grande
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is the leading type of cancer causing death in women worldwide. The incidence of the disease is expected to grow worldwide due to the aging of the population and risk factors related to lifestyle behaviors. Considering the lifestyle of women with breast cancer before or after surgery, pilates exercise may be a complementary intervention additionally to standard treatment. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the efficacy of pilates compared to other exercises and to no exercise for women with breast cancer diagnosis...
November 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451138/detection-of-repair-of-the-zone-of-calcified-cartilage-with-osteoarthritis-through-mesenchymal-stem-cells-by-ultrashort-echo-time-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#6
REVIEW
Quan Zhou, Shao-Lin Li, Ya-Jun Ma, Vicki de Tal, Wei Li, Ying-Hua Zhao
Objective: Currently, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the most commonly used imaging modality for observing the growth and development of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) after in vivo transplantation to treat osteoarthritis (OA). However, it is a challenge to accurately monitor the treatment effects of MSCs in the zone of calcified cartilage (ZCC) with OA. This is especially true in the physiological and biochemical views that are not accurately detected by MRI contrast agents. In contrast, ultrashort time echo (UTE) MRI has been shown to be sensitive to the presence of the ZCC, creating the potential for more effectively observing the repair of the ZCC in OA by MSCs...
February 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450937/adaptation-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-to-dentine-walls-compared-with-other-root-end-filling-materials-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Selen Küçükkaya Eren, Peter Parashos
This systematic review analysed the literature comparing marginal adaptation of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) with other filling materials in root-end cavities. The PubMed, Ovid, Web of Science, SCOPUS, and Cochrane library databases were searched using appropriate keywords related to root-end filling materials and adaptation. Of 38 articles assessed, 20 met the inclusion criteria. No in vivo study was identified. In 10 studies, MTA gave the best marginal adaptation results, but no significant differences were found between MTA and any of the tested filling materials in seven studies...
February 16, 2018: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449785/a-systematic-review-of-burnout-among-doctors-in-china-a-cultural-perspective
#8
REVIEW
Dana Lo, Florence Wu, Mark Chan, Rodney Chu, Donald Li
Background: Numerous studies around the world has already suggested that burnout among doctors is a global phenomenon. However, studies for burnout in doctors are relatively limited in Chinese communities when compared to the West. As risk factors, barriers to intervention and strategies combatting burnout in different parts of the world can vary a lot due to different social culture and healthcare system, study with a focus at doctors in China from a cultural perspective is a worthful endeavor...
2018: Asia Pacific Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449748/visualizing-the-context-of-citations-referencing-papers-published-by-eugene-garfield-a-new-type-of-keyword-co-occurrence-analysis
#9
Lutz Bornmann, Robin Haunschild, Sven E Hug
During Eugene Garfield's (EG's) lengthy career as information scientist, he published about 1500 papers. In this study, we use the impressive oeuvre of EG to introduce a new type of bibliometric networks: keyword co-occurrences networks based on the context of citations, which are referenced in a certain paper set (here: the papers published by EG). The citation context is defined by the words which are located around a specific citation. We retrieved the citation context from Microsoft Academic. To interpret and compare the results of the new network type, we generated two further networks: co-occurrence networks which are based on title and abstract keywords from (1) EG's papers and (2) the papers citing EG's publications...
2018: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449162/is-video-based-education-an-effective-method-in-surgical-education-a-systematic-review
#10
Akgul Ahmet, Kus Gamze, Mustafaoglu Rustem, Karaborklu Argut Sezen
OBJECTIVE: Visual signs draw more attention during the learning process. Video is one of the most effective tool including a lot of visual cues. This systematic review set out to explore the influence of video in surgical education. We reviewed the current evidence for the video-based surgical education methods, discuss the advantages and disadvantages on the teaching of technical and nontechnical surgical skills. METHODS: This systematic review was conducted according to the guidelines defined in the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses statement...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449091/adjuvant-therapies-in-nonmetastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Marco Bandini, Ariane Smith, Michele Marchioni, Raisa S Pompe, Tristan F Martel, Luca Cindolo, Francesco Montorsi, Shahrokh F Shariat, Alberto Briganti, Anil Kapoor, Umberto Capitanio, Pierre I Karakiewicz
To conduct a review of literature on adjuvant therapy in nonmetastatic renal-cell carcinoma (nmRCC) treated with nephrectomy and to describe the efficacy of adjuvant agents on cancer control outcomes. A review of the literature was performed in January 2018 to identify all studies evaluating adjuvant therapy in patients with nmRCC treated with nephrectomy using PubMed, Embase, Medline, and Cochrane Library databases. The following keywords were used: adjuvant therapy, renal-cell carcinoma, nonmetastatic, targeted molecular therapy, kidney cancer...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447398/secular-trends-in-the-physical-fitness-of-united-states-army-infantry-units-and-infantry-soldiers-1976-2015
#12
Joseph J Knapik, Jan E Redmond, Tyson L Grier, Marilyn A Sharp
Introduction: The purpose of this investigation was to examine changes over time in the physical fitness of the United States (US) Army infantry. A systematic review was conducted to identify and analyze articles and databases that reported on physical characteristics (height, weight, and body mass index) and/or Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) scores of male infantrymen or men in infantry units. Materials and Methods: The National Library of Medicine's PubMed and the Defense Technical Information Center were searched using specific keywords...
February 13, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447380/sirtuins-in-gamete-biology-and-reproductive-physiology-emerging-roles-and-therapeutic-potential-in-female-and-male-infertility
#13
Carla Tatone, Giovanna Di Emidio, Arcangelo Barbonetti, Gaspare Carta, Alberto M Luciano, Stefano Falone, Fernanda Amicarelli
BACKGROUND: Sirtuins (SIRT1-7) are a family of NAD+-dependent deacetylases that catalyze post-translational modifications of proteins. Together, they respond to metabolic challenges, inflammatory signals or hypoxic/oxidative stress, and are associated with aging and longevity. The role of Sirtuins in the regulation of fertility emerged in 2003 when a defective reproductive phenotype was observed in SIRT1-null mice. Although studies on Sirtuins in reproductive biology have been increasing in the last years, a recent comprehensive update on this issue is still lacking...
February 13, 2018: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446513/a-systematic-review-of-clinical-supervision-evaluation-studies-in-nursing
#14
John R Cutcliffe, Graham Sloan, Marie Bashaw
According to the international, extant literature published during the last 20 years or so, clinical supervision (CS) in nursing is now a reasonably common phenomenon. Nevertheless, what appears to be noticeably 'thin on the ground' in this body of literature are empirical evaluations of CS, especially those pertaining to client outcomes. Accordingly, the authors undertook a systematic review of empirical evaluations of CS in nursing to determine the state of the science. Adopting the approach documented by Stroup et al...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445717/acceptance-of-health-information-technologies-acceptance-of-mobile-health-a-review-article
#15
REVIEW
A Garavand, M Samadbeik, M Kafashi, Sh Abhari
Background: Mobile health is one of the new technologies for the utilization of health information. For its successful implementation as well as any other system, we must primarily measure the adoption and use of its factors. The purpose of this study was to systematically investigate published articles about the factors affecting the adoption of mobile health and categorizing the factors affecting the adoption of this system. Methods: This study is a comprehensive review done by searching major databases such as Google Scholar, Emerald, Science Direct, Iran Medex, SID, Magiran, Pub med, etc...
December 2017: Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445632/trend-of-medical-tourism-publications-an-attempt-to-explore-the-involved-academic-disciplines-and-interests
#16
Ladan Rokni, Sam-Hun Park
Background: Medical tourism suffers from the lack of a consensus regarding the involved categories. This study aimed to address this gap from the academic disciplines and publications perspective. Methods: Totally 1954 citations were identified through a formula of keyword search of SCOPUS. In order to classify the various subject areas, we followed the international standard classification of education (ISCED) developed by UNESCO. Moreover, the trends of publications were identified based on their popularity between 2000 and 2017...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445625/improvement-of-emergency-management-mechanism-of-public-health-crisis-in-rural-china-a-review-article
#17
REVIEW
Jiaxiang Hu, Chao Chen, Tingting Kuai
Background: With the rapid development of social economy in China, various public health emergencies frequently occur. Such emergencies cause a serious threat to human health and public safety, especially in rural China. Owing to flaws in emergency management mechanism and policy, the government is not capable to effectively deal with public health emergencies. Therefore, this study aimed to discuss the path to improve the emergency management mechanism for public health emergency in rural China...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444557/limits-of-the-endoscopic-transnasal-trans-tubercular-approach
#18
Verena Gellner, Peter V Tomazic
INTRODUCTION: The endoscopic transnasal transsphenoidal transtubercular approach has become a standard alternative approach to neurosurgical transcranial routes for lesions of the anterior skull base in particular pathologies of the anterior tubercle, sphenoid plane, and midline lesions up to the interpeduncular cistern. For both the endoscopic and the transcranial approach indications must strictly be evaluated and tailored to the patients' morphology and condition. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the evidence in literature of the limitations of the endoscopic transtubercular approach...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444346/prenatal-vitamin-d-status-and-respiratory-and-allergic-outcomes-in-childhood-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#19
REVIEW
Rosa M Pacheco-González, Luis García-Marcos, Eva Morales
Prenatal vitamin D status may influence offspring's respiratory and allergic outcomes; however, evidence is inconclusive. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted on the association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels in maternal blood in pregnancy or cord blood at birth with the risk of offspring's respiratory and allergic conditions. Two independent researchers conducted systematic searches for observational studies published until May 2017 using defined keywords on vitamin D and health outcomes, including respiratory tract infections (RTIs), wheeze, asthma, atopic eczema, allergic rhinitis, allergic sensitization, and lung function...
February 14, 2018: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444224/a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-the-prevalence-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-in-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-pediatric-survivors
#20
J V Arcos-Machancoses, C Ruiz Hernández, J Martin de Carpi, S Pinillos Pisón
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia survivors are a well-known group at risk for developing gastroesophageal reflux disease that may be particularly long-term severe. The aim of this study is to provide a systematic review of the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux in infant and children survivors treated for congenital diaphragmatic hernia.Electronic and manual searches were performed with keywords related to congenital diaphragmatic hernia, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and epidemiology terms. Summary estimates of the prevalence were calculated...
February 9, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
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