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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238229/suspecting-non-cystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis-what-the-busy-primary-care-clinician-needs-to-know
#1
REVIEW
Diego J Maselli, Bravein Amalakuhan, Holly Keyt, Alejandro A Diaz
AIMS: Non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFB) is a chronic, progressive respiratory disorder characterised by irreversibly and abnormally dilated airways, persistent cough, excessive sputum production and recurrent pulmonary infections. In the last several decades, its prevalence has increased, making it likely to be encountered in the primary care setting. The aim was to review the clinical presentation and diagnosis of NCFB, with an emphasis on the role of computed tomography (CT)...
February 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238228/is-sedentary-behaviour-unhealthy-and-if-so-does-reducing-it-improve-this
#2
REVIEW
Shao-Hua Chin, Chanaka Kahathuduwa, Martin Binks
PURPOSE: To provide a qualitative synthesis of the available literature on the role of sedentary behavior in health. AIMS: We sought to determine if (i) being sedentary 'causes' health problems and (ii) interventions to reduce sedentary behavior improve health status. METHODS: PubMed and Google Scholar databases were utilized. Manuscripts published from 2001 to 2015 using specific keyword combinations (eg sedentary behavior, physical activity, sitting, intervention) were included and qualitatively reviewed...
February 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237963/inappropriate-prescribing-among-older-persons-in-primary-care-protocol-for-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#3
Cia Sin Lee, Tau Ming Liew
INTRODUCTION: Inappropriate prescribing has a significant impact on older persons in primary care. Previous reviews on inappropriate prescribing included a heterogeneous range of populations and may not be generalisable to primary care. In this study we aim to conduct a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence, risk factors and adverse outcome associated with inappropriate prescribing, specifically among older persons in primary care. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, Web of Science, Scopus, PsycINFO and references of other review articles for observational studies related to the keywords 'older persons', 'primary care' and 'inappropriate prescribing'...
February 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237696/toxoplasmosis-in-rodents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-in-iran
#4
REVIEW
Shahram Khademvatan, Masoud Foroutan, Khosrow Hazrati-Tappeh, Sahar Dalvand, Hamidreza Khalkhali, Sajjad Masoumifard, Faezeh Hedayati-Rad
During recent years, implication of rodents in the epidemiology of Toxoplasma gondii is overlooked in Iran; thus, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the prevalence of toxoplasmosis in rodents of Iran. For this purpose, following the general methodology recommended for systematic reviews and meta-analysis, 5 English and 3 Persian databases were explored from 1 January 2000 till 10 September 2016 using related keywords. Finally, 9 out of 291 citations were met to be included in this study...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236605/clinical-use-of-curcumin-in-depression-a-meta-analysis
#5
Qin Xiang Ng, Shawn Shao Hong Koh, Hwei Wuen Chan, Collin Yih Xian Ho
INTRODUCTION: There is growing interest in the use of curcumin, a plant polyphenol with potent anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, and neuroprotective properties, as a novel antidepressant. Clinical trials have yielded conflicting conclusions pertaining to its effectiveness in depression. A meta-analysis of the topic, which has not been done until now, is therefore necessary to summarize current evidence and generate hypotheses for further research. METHODS: Using the keywords [curcumin OR diferuloylmethane OR curcuminoid OR turmeric OR Indian saffron] AND [depression OR MDD OR suicide], a preliminary search on the PubMed, Ovid, Clinical Trials Register of the Cochrane Collaboration Depression, Anxiety and Neurosis Group (CCDANTR), and Cochrane Field for Complementary Medicine database yielded 2081 articles published in English between January 1, 1960, and August 1, 2016...
February 21, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236425/efficacy-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-after-mandibular-third-molar-extraction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Faez Saleh Al-Hamed, Mohamed Abdel-Monem Tawfik, Ehab Abdelfadil, Mohammed A Q Al-Saleh
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on the healing process of the alveolar socket after surgical extraction of the mandibular third molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Scopus, and relevant journals were searched using a combination of specific keywords ("platelet-rich fibrin," "oral surgery," and "third molar"). The final search was conducted on November 2, 2015. Randomized controlled clinical trials, as well as controlled clinical trials, aimed at comparing the effect of PRF versus natural healing after extraction of mandibular third molars were included...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236403/phytochemistry-pharmacology-and-therapeutic-uses-of-black-seed-nigella-sativa
#7
REVIEW
Wesam Kooti, Zahra Hasanzadeh-Noohi, Naim Sharafi-Ahvazi, Majid Asadi-Samani, Damoon Ashtary-Larky
Black seed (Nigella sativa) is an annual flowering plant from Ranunculaceae family, native to southwest Asia. This plant has many food and medicinal uses. The use of its seeds and oil is common for treatment of many diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, inflammatory diseases, diabetes and digestive diseases. The purpose of this study was to provide a comprehensive review on the scientific reports that have been published about N. sativa. The facts and statistics presented in this review article were gathered from the journals accessible in creditable databases such as Science Direct, Medline, PubMed, Scopus, EBSCO, EMBASE, SID and IranMedex...
October 2016: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236205/influence-of-oral-probiotic-streptococcus-salivarius-k12-on-ear-and-oral-cavity-health-in-humans-systematic-review
#8
Katarina Zupancic, Valentina Kriksic, Irena Kovacevic, Dujo Kovacevic
Traditionally, probiotics are linked to the good health of the intestine and most clinical studies focus on that field. Evidence of oral probiotic use for ear and oral cavity disease prevention with impact on human health is limited. This work reviews existing studies and literature on Streptococcus salivarius K12 as an oral probiotic and effects of S. salivarius K12 on human ear and oral cavity human health. The studies were accessed via database searches: MEDLINE, PubMed, and Elsevier. The search included/focused on/encompassed publications from 2003 to 2016 with keywords related to K12 Streptococcus salivarius, bacteriocin-like inhibitory substances (BLIS) K12, probiotic K12 salivarius, and K12 probiotic health effects...
February 24, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231685/unmet-psychosocial-needs-in-adolescents-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#9
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are severe medical conditions with adverse impact on the quality of life of both children and their caregivers. IBD are associated with many limitations in personal and interpersonal functioning, and it also restricts the patients' ability to use the full potential (extent) of their capabilities. With the progress and humanization in society, the issue of patients' needs became an important topic; however, the psychosocial functioning and quality of life of adolescents suffering from IBD and their caregivers have been understudied...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231682/unmet-needs-of-the-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#10
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a disabling mental disorder with the chronic and difficult course. The disorder is accompanied by numerous limitations in personal and interpersonal functioning. OCD decreases the quality of life and the chance to maintain relationships and professional status. The patients with OCD often experience a severe disabling course of the disorder. Even the individuals, who follow treatment advice, are often still highly symptomatic. In the last decade, the concept of the needs has been assessed as an extent of the traditional outcome evaluation in order to focus on the identification of the specific needs of the patients and their relatives, improve the patients´ overall mental condition and quality of life, and also to increase the treatment effectiveness of the mental disorders...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231442/ethnomethodological-studies-of-nurse-patient-and-nurse-relative-interactions-a-scoping-review
#11
REVIEW
Eric Mayor, Lucas Bietti
OBJECTIVES: Researchers in nursing science interested in the study of nurse-patient and nurse-relative interactions have displayed an ever increasing interest in ethnomethodology and conversation analysis. This review assesses the scope of this literature. We categorize the papers in thematic categories determined both inductively and deductively and synthesize the main findings of this literature within category. Finally we discuss the interactional determinants of the lack patient participation, the limitations of the field, and focus on implications...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231339/limits-of-use-of-social-media-for-monitoring-biosecurity-events
#12
Marijke Welvaert, Omar Al-Ghattas, Mark Cameron, Peter Caley
Compared to applications that trigger massive information streams, like earthquakes and human disease epidemics, the data input for agricultural and environmental biosecurity events (ie. the introduction of unwanted exotic pests and pathogens), is expected to be sparse and less frequent. To investigate if Twitter data can be useful for the detection and monitoring of biosecurity events, we adopted a three-step process. First, we confirmed that sightings of two migratory species, the Bogong moth (Agrotis infusa) and the Common Koel (Eudynamys scolopaceus) are reported on Twitter...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230654/surgical-endoscopy-versus-endoscopic-surgery-for-obesity
#13
Bogdan Silviu Ungureanu, Ştefan Pătraşcu, Valeriu Şurlin, Adrian Săftoiu
BACKGROUND: Obesity treatment options are of great interest worldwide with major developments in the past 20 years. From general surgery to natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery intervention nowadays, obesity surgical therapies have surely developed and are now offering a variety of possibilities. AREAS OF UNCERTAINTY: Although surgery is the only proven approach for weight loss, a joint decision between the physician and patient is required before proceeding to such a procedure...
February 3, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229469/what-is-the-impact-of-shift-work-on-the-psychological-functioning-and-resilience-of-nurses-an-integrative-review
#14
REVIEW
Mozhdeh Tahghighi, Clare S Rees, Janie A Brown, Lauren J Breen, Desley Hegney
AIM: To synthesise existing research to determine if nurses who work shifts have poorer psychological functioning and resilience than nurses who do not work shifts. BACKGROUND: Research exploring the impact of shift work on the psychological functioning and resilience of nurses is limited compared with research investigating the impact of shifts on physical outcomes. DESIGN: Integrative literature review. DATA SOURCES: Relevant databases were searched from January 1995- August 2016 using the combination of keywords: nurse, shift work; rotating roster; night shift; resilient; hardiness; coping; well-being; burnout; mental health; occupational stress; compassion fatigue; compassion satisfaction; stress; anxiety; depression...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229077/surgical-therapy-of-cholangiocarcinoma
#15
REVIEW
Arnold Radtke, Alfred Königsrainer
BACKGROUND: The majority of patients with cholangiocarcinoma present with advanced disease that is often challenging to diagnose and to treat. The optimal preoperative evaluation requires a coordinated multidisciplinary approach. Surgical resection is the mainstay of therapy. METHODS: This systematic review delineates surgical treatment strategies for cholangiocarcinoma in general as well as special considerations concerning the particular tumor localization. A literature search (see keywords) was conducted using PubMed and publications between 1990 and 2016 regarding resectable and advanced cholangiocarcinoma were reviewed...
December 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228488/uk-guideline-on-transition-of-adolescent-and-young-persons-with-chronic-digestive-diseases-from-paediatric-to-adult-care
#16
Alenka J Brooks, Philip J Smith, Richard Cohen, Paul Collins, Andrew Douds, Valda Forbes, Daniel R Gaya, Brian T Johnston, Patrick J McKiernan, Charles D Murray, Shaji Sebastian, Monica Smith, Lisa Whitley, Lesley Williams, Richard K Russell, Sara A McCartney, James O Lindsay
The risks of poor transition include delayed and inappropriate transfer that can result in disengagement with healthcare. Structured transition care can improve control of chronic digestive diseases and long-term health-related outcomes. These are the first nationally developed guidelines on the transition of adolescent and young persons (AYP) with chronic digestive diseases from paediatric to adult care. They were commissioned by the Clinical Services and Standards Committee of the British Society of Gastroenterology under the auspices of the Adolescent and Young Persons (A&YP) Section...
February 21, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227018/using-constrained-information-entropy-to-detect-rare-adverse-drug-reactions-from-medical-forums
#17
Yi Zheng, Chaowang Lan, Hui Peng, Jinyan Li, Yi Zheng, Chaowang Lan, Hui Peng, Jinyan Li, Jinyan Li, Hui Peng, Chaowang Lan, Yi Zheng
Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) detection is critical to avoid malpractices yet challenging due to its uncertainty in pre-marketing review and the underreporting in post-marketing surveillance. To conquer this predicament, social media based ADRs detection methods have been proposed recently. However, existing researches are mostly co-occurrence based methods and face several issues, in particularly, leaving out the rare ADRs and unable to distinguish irrelevant ADRs. In this work, we introduce a constrained information entropy (CIE) method to solve these problems...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225876/anticoagulation-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-systematic-search
#18
Nayara L Froio, Richard Murdoch Montgomery, Elias David-Neto, Ivan Aprahamian
INTRODUCTION: Stroke is one of the most important diseases worldwide. Several clinical scenarios demand full dose of anticoagulants primary to stroke etiology or to the treatment of comorbidity. However, controversy exists over many issues regarding anticoagulation treatment in stroke such as time for initiation, efficacy according to stroke etiology, the ideal dose of anticoagulants, and whether novel anticoagulants should be used. METHOD: Computerized search for clinical trials and randomized controlled clinical trials was done to the present date at Medline, Scielo, Embase, PsychInfo, and Cochrane Library using MeSH terms and the keywords stroke, ischemic stroke, anticoagulation, anticoagulants, heparin, low-molecular-weight heparin, warfarin, dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban...
January 1, 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225850/the-influence-of-morphological-awareness-on-reading-and-writing-a-systematic-review
#19
Ainoã Athaide Macedo Silva, Vanessa de Oliveira Martins-Reis
Purpose: this study aimed to perform a systematic review of national and international studies about the relationship between morphological awareness, reading/writing, reading comprehension, and spelling. Research strategies: a search for national and international literature was carried out using databases Medline (via PubMed) and Portal de Periódicos da Capes (Eric, PsycINFO, LILACS, SciELO) from August to September 2015. Selection criteria: the inclusion criteria were: studies that answered the guiding question and addressed the subject matter established by the descriptors and keywords...
February 16, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225644/a-narrative-synthesis-of-nintendo-wii-fit-gaming-protocol-in-addressing-balance-among-healthy-older-adults-what-system-works
#20
Donald G Manlapaz, Gisela Sole, Prasath Jayakaran, Cathy M Chapple
BACKGROUND: Balance is crucial in performing functional tasks particularly among older adults. Exergaming is gaining attention as a novel approach to enhance balance in a number of clinical populations. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to synthesize and present published evidence for Nintendo Wii Fit™ gaming system protocols. These include game preference, intervention setting, and exercise dosage for improving balance in healthy older adults. Commonly used outcome measures were also identified...
February 22, 2017: Games for Health
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