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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239507/in-the-moment-dissociation-emotional-numbing-and-sexual-risk-the-influence-of-sexual-trauma-history-trauma-symptoms-and-alcohol-intoxication
#1
Cynthia A Stappenbeck, William H George, Jennifer Staples, Hong Nguyen, Kelly Cue Davis, Debra Kaysen, Julia R Heiman, N Tatiana Masters, Jeanette Norris, Cinnamon L Danube, Amanda K Gilmore, Kelly F Kajumulo
OBJECTIVE: Prior research on the effects of sexual trauma has examined dissociation but not emotional numbing during sex and has relied exclusively on retrospective surveys. The present experiment examined associations among distal factors of childhood sexual abuse (CSA), adolescent/adult sexual assault (ASA), and trauma symptoms and the proximal factor of acute alcohol intoxication on in-the-moment dissociation, emotional numbing, and sexual risk intentions. METHOD: Young adult female drinkers (N = 436) at elevated sexual risk were randomized to receive alcohol (target peak breath alcohol concentration = ...
October 2016: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228473/violence-related-ambulance-call-outs-in-the-north-west-of-england-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-nature-extent-and-relationships-to-temporal-celebratory-and-sporting-events
#2
Zara Quigg, Ciara McGee, Karen Hughes, Simon Russell, Mark A Bellis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the potential of ambulance call-out data in understanding violence to inform about prevention activity. METHOD: This cross-sectional (2013-2015) study examined the nature, extent and characteristics of violence-related ambulance call-outs (n=15 687) across North West England and relationships with temporal, celebratory and sporting events. RESULTS: The majority of call-outs were for men, with a mean age of 33 years...
February 21, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224435/factors-associated-with-trait-anger-level-of-juvenile-offenders-in-hubei-province-a-binary-logistic-regression-analysis
#3
Li-Na Tang, Xiao-Zhou Ye, Qiu-Ge Yan, Hong-Juan Chang, Yu-Qiao Ma, De-Bin Liu, Zhi-Gen Li, Yi-Zhen Yu
The risk factors of high trait anger of juvenile offenders were explored through questionnaire study in a youth correctional facility of Hubei province, China. A total of 1090 juvenile offenders in Hubei province were investigated by self-compiled social-demographic questionnaire, Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), and State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-II (STAXI-II). The risk factors were analyzed by chi-square tests, correlation analysis, and binary logistic regression analysis with SPSS 19.0. A total of 1082 copies of valid questionnaires were collected...
February 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219966/the-child-witness-in-the-courtroom
#4
Robert H Pantell
Beginning in the 1980s, children have increasingly served as witnesses in the criminal, civil, and family courts; currently, >100 000 children appear in court each year. This statement updates the 1992 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement "The Child as a Witness" and the subsequent 1999 "The Child in Court: A Subject Review." It also builds on existing AAP policy on adverse life events affecting children and resources developed to understand and address childhood trauma. The purpose of this policy statement is to provide background information on some of the legal issues involving children testifying in court, including the accuracy and psychological impact of child testimony; to provide suggestions for how pediatricians can support patients who will testify in court; and to make recommendations for policy improvements to minimize the adverse psychological consequences for child witnesses...
February 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212063/conflict-resolution-styles-as-mediators-of-female-child-sexual-abuse-experience-and-heterosexual-couple-relationship-satisfaction-and-stability-in-adulthood
#5
Ashlee E Knapp, Darin J Knapp, Cameron C Brown, Jeffry H Larson
Trauma from female incestuous child sexual abuse may result in negative psychological consequences affecting adult relationships. This study explored relational consequences of incestuous child sexual abuse, focusing on conflict resolution styles, relationship satisfaction, and relationship stability. Using the RELATionship Evaluation dataset, 457 heterosexual couples in which female partners experienced incestuous child sexual abuse were compared to a group of 1,827 couples with no sexual abuse history. Analyses tested differences in the frequencies of reported conflict resolution styles for incestuous child sexual abuse and non-incestuous child sexual abuse groups, the mediating effects of conflict resolution styles on the relationship between incestuous child sexual abuse, and self- and partner-reported relationship satisfaction and stability...
January 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203149/gene-gene-environment-interactions-of-serotonin-transporter-monoamine-oxidase-a-and-childhood-maltreatment-predict-aggressive-behavior-in-chinese-adolescents
#6
Yun Zhang, Qing-Sen Ming, Jin-Yao Yi, Xiang Wang, Qiao-Lian Chai, Shu-Qiao Yao
Gene-environment interactions that moderate aggressive behavior have been identified independently in the serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene and monoamine oxidase A gene (MAOA). The aim of the present study was to investigate epistasis interactions between MAOA-variable number tandem repeat (VNTR), 5-HTTlinked polymorphism (LPR) and child abuse and the effects of these on aggressive tendencies in a group of otherwise healthy adolescents. A group of 546 Chinese male adolescents completed the Child Trauma Questionnaire and Youth self-report of the Child Behavior Checklist...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202323/cumulative-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-sexual-satisfaction-in-sex-therapy-patients-what-role-for-symptom-complexity
#7
Noémie Bigras, Natacha Godbout, Martine Hébert, Stéphane Sabourin
INTRODUCTION: Patients consulting for sexual difficulties frequently present additional personal or relational disorders and symptoms. This is especially the case when they have experienced cumulative adverse childhood experiences (CACEs), which are associated with symptom complexity. CACEs refer to the extent to which an individual has experienced an accumulation of different types of adverse childhood experiences including sexual, physical, and psychological abuse; neglect; exposure to inter-parental violence; and bullying...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198209/a-report-of-sexual-abuse-in-an-afghan-refugee-boy-in-iran
#8
Naimeh Farhidnia, Nahid Dadashzadeh Asl, Azadeh Memarian
All children have the right to complete and integrated physical and psychological protection against abuse. The most important reason and risk factors for child abuse are social causes including poor familial support, poverty, mood disorders in the family, and addiction. Here, we report a case of child abuse of an Afghan child in Iran with a background of mood disturbances who presented with multiple trauma and injury. A nine-year-old Afghan boy was described with multiple injuries on neck, upper and lower extremities, and trunk...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194504/variation-in-post-traumatic-response-the-role-of-trauma-type-in-predicting-icd-11-ptsd-and-cptsd-symptoms
#9
Philip Hyland, Jamie Murphy, Mark Shevlin, Frédérique Vallières, Eoin McElroy, Ask Elklit, Mogens Christoffersen, Marylène Cloitre
PURPOSE: The World Health Organization's 11th revision to the International Classification of Diseases manual (ICD-11) will differentiate between two stress-related disorders: PTSD and Complex PTSD (CPTSD). ICD-11 proposals suggest that trauma exposure which is prolonged and/or repeated, or consists of multiple forms, that also occurs under circumstances where escape from the trauma is difficult or impossible (e.g., childhood abuse) will confer greater risk for CPTSD as compared to PTSD...
February 14, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187522/survey-of-patient-and-partner-satisfaction-following-collagenase-clostridium-histolyticum-treatment-for-peyronie-s-disease
#10
J Anaissie, F A Yafi, E J Traore, S C Sikka, W J G Hellstrom
Intralesional injection of collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) is a minimally invasive, Food and Drug Administration-approved, effective treatment for Peyronie's disease (PD). To assess the satisfaction of patients and their female sexual partners (FSP) following CCH therapy for PD, we conducted a retrospective review of the records of all patients treated with CCH for PD between 04/2014 and 03/2016. Collected variables included demographics, pre- and post-treatment sexual function, penile curvature, penile vascular findings, and treatment outcomes...
February 10, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186637/perceived-burdensomeness-thwarted-belongingness-and-fearlessness-about-death-associations-with-suicidal-ideation-among-female-veterans-exposed-to-military-sexual-trauma
#11
Lindsey L Monteith, Nazanin H Bahraini, Deleene S Menefee
OBJECTIVE: Military sexual trauma (MST) is prevalent among female Veterans and is associated with increased risk for suicidal self-directed violence. Yet research examining processes which contribute to suicidal ideation and attempts among MST survivors has been sparse, focusing primarily on psychiatric symptoms or diagnoses, rather than employing a theory-driven approach. The interpersonal-psychological theory (Joiner, 2005) is a leading theory of suicide that may be particularly relevant for understanding suicidal ideation among female Veterans who have experienced MST...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168433/post-traumatic-stress-and-trauma-related-subjective-distress-comparisons-among-hispanics-african-americans-and-whites-with-severe-mental-illness
#12
Thomas O'Hare, Ce Shen, Margaret V Sherrer
We tested the hypothesis with a sample of community mental health clients (N = 132) that Hispanic clients would report significantly greater post-traumatic stress symptoms than African-American or white clients when controlling for gender, psychiatric symptoms of SMI, and subjective distress from six of the most commonly reported trauma in the SMI literature. Results supported our main hypothesis: being self-identified as Hispanic was significantly associated with greater post-traumatic stress symptoms...
February 6, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165686/violence-is-one-small-part-of-childhood-trauma-so-why-do-we-tend-to-focus-on-it-alone
#13
Jane Stevens
Many people and organizations focus on preventing violence with the belief that if our society can stop violence against chil- dren, then most childhood trauma will be eradicated. How- ever, research that has emerged over the last 20 years clearly shows that focusing primarily on violence prevention - physical and sexual abuse, in particular - doesn't eliminate the trauma that children experience, and it won't even prevent further violence.
July 2016: Health Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161655/improvements-in-personal-resiliency-among-youth-who-have-completed-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-a-preliminary-examination
#14
Esther Deblinger, Elisabeth Pollio, Melissa K Runyon, Robert A Steer
This preliminary investigation assessed whether different aspects of personal resiliency improved for youth (7-17 years old) impacted by child sexual abuse (CSA) after completing trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT). The Resiliency Scales for Children and Adolescents (RSCA; Prince-Embury, 2007) were administered to 157 youth before and after participating in TF-CBT with their nonoffending caregivers. Hierarchal regression analyses were performed to ascertain whether pretest RSCA resiliency scores moderated decreases in the posttraumatic stress and self-reported depressive symptoms at posttreatment...
February 2, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155299/experiences-of-women-who-reported-sexual-assault-at-a-provincial-hospital-south-africa
#15
Jeanette M Sebaeng, Mashudu Davhana-Maselesele, Eva Manyedi
BACKGROUND: Sexual assault poses a serious health problem to both the survivor and the health system. Experiencing sexual assault requires women to seek medical and psychological assistance as part of their journey towards recovery. This study examined the experiences of women who received post-sexual assault services from a specialised care centre within a provincial hospital. METHODS: A qualitative, exploratory and contextual design was used to explore and describe experiences of women...
November 16, 2016: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149826/firearm-injury-in-a-child-an-uncommon-case-of-penile-trauma
#16
Mustafa Erman Dorterler, Mehmet Emin Boleken
Genitourinary system injuries generally occur due to blunt and penetrating trauma. Approximately 10% of all injuries encountered in the emergency department are related to the genitourinary system. Male genital trauma is a urological emergency because of the high risk of infection and the priority of protecting the sexual, endocrine, and reproductive functions. Blunt injuries to the penis are more often seen due to the mobility and localization of the penis than due to penetrating injuries caused by firearms or cutting instruments...
October 2016: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145816/a-naturalistic-study-of-a-brief-treatment-program-for-survivors-of-complex-trauma
#17
Catherine C Classen, Robert T Muller, Nigel P Field, Carrie S Clark, Eva-Marie Stern
A naturalistic study of a brief treatment program for The impact of chronic trauma can be longstanding, affecting survivor affect regulation, consciousness, interpersonal functioning, perceptions of self and others, self-regulation, and somatic experience. There is a growing consensus that multi-modal and staged approaches to treatment are necessary to promote healing. However, empirical investigations of such treatments are still needed. The current study used a naturalistic design to examine the impact of a brief, yet intensive, outpatient program on complex PTSD symptoms and attachment classification among women with histories of chronic trauma...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145812/childhood-sexual-abuse-and-fear-of-abandonment-moderate-the-relation-of-intimate-partner-violence-to-severity-of-dissociation
#18
Noga Zerubavel, Terri L Messman-Moore, David DiLillo, Kim L Gratz
Betrayal trauma theory proposes a relation between intimate partner violence (IPV) and dissociation, suggesting that dissociation among victims of IPV may function to restrict awareness of abuse in order to preserve attachments perceived as vital. We investigated two factors that may moderate the relation between IPV and dissociation-childhood sexual abuse (CSA) severity and fear of abandonment-among 348 women currently in a relationship. The relation between frequency of IPV (sexual and physical) and dissociation (amnesia and depersonalization) was moderated by CSA severity and fear of abandonment...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135599/impact-of-military-trauma-exposures-on-posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-in-female-veterans
#19
Lizabeth A Goldstein, Julie Dinh, Rosemary Donalson, Claire L Hebenstreit, Shira Maguen
Previous research has demonstrated the deleterious effects of traumatic military experiences on symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression in female veterans. However, more research is needed to identify the unique predictors of distressing psychological symptoms when both combat-related and sexual trauma are considered, particularly as women's combat exposure in the military increases. Female veterans who had attended at least one appointment at a large Veterans Health Administration medical center were invited to complete questionnaires about traumatic military exposures and psychiatric symptoms...
March 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129258/the-impact-of-trauma-type-or-number-of-traumatic-events-on-ptsd-diagnosis-and-symptom-severity-in-treatment-seeking-veterans
#20
Jeanne M D Jakob, Kristen Lamp, Sheila A M Rauch, Erin R Smith, Katherine R Buchholz
Trauma history and increased exposure to combat and sexual trauma may account for heightened rates of PTSD among military populations. This study assessed trauma type and exposure history, diagnostic impressions, and PTSD severity in a large clinical dataset (n = 2463) of veterans presenting for PTSD evaluation at a Midwestern VA Medical Center between the years 2006 and 2013. The degree of lifetime trauma exposure was pronounced, with approximately 76% of the sample reporting exposure to at least four traumatic events...
February 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
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