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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052782/clinical-and-immunologic-evaluation-of-three-metastatic-melanoma-patients-treated-with-autologous-melanoma-reactive-tcr-transduced-t-cells
#1
Tamson Moore, Courtney Regan Wagner, Gina M Scurti, Kelli A Hutchens, Constantine Godellas, Ann Lau Clark, Elizabeth Motunrayo Kolawole, Lance M Hellman, Nishant K Singh, Fernando A Huyke, Siao-Yi Wang, Kelly M Calabrese, Heather D Embree, Rimas Orentas, Keisuke Shirai, Emilia Dellacecca, Elizabeth Garrett-Mayer, Mingli Li, Jonathan M Eby, Patrick J Stiff, Brian D Evavold, Brian M Baker, I Caroline Le Poole, Boro Dropulic, Joseph I Clark, Michael I Nishimura
Malignant melanoma incidence has been increasing for over 30 years, and despite promising new therapies, metastatic disease remains difficult to treat. We describe preliminary results from a Phase I clinical trial (NCT01586403) of adoptive cell therapy in which three patients received autologous CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells transduced with a lentivirus carrying a tyrosinase-specific TCR and a marker protein, truncated CD34 (CD34t). This unusual MHC Class I-restricted TCR produces functional responses in both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells...
October 20, 2017: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052531/pten-expression-is-upregulated-by-a-rna-binding-protein-rbm38-via-enhancing-its-mrna-stability-in-breast-cancer
#2
Xu-Jie Zhou, Jing Wu, Liang Shi, Xiao-Xia Li, Lei Zhu, Xi Sun, Jia-Yi Qian, Ying Wang, Ji-Fu Wei, Qiang Ding
BACKGROUND: PTEN (phosphatase and tensin homolog gene on chromosome 10), a well-characterized tumor suppressor, is a key regulator of the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway involved in cell survival, metastasis and cell renewal. PTEN expression is closely related to the phenotype, prognosis and drug selection in breast cancer. It is mainly regulated by transcriptional and post-transcriptional modifications. RNA binding motif protein 38 (RBM38), an RNA-binding protein (RBP) and a target of P53 family, plays a crucial role in the regulation of cellular processing, especially in post-transcription regulation and gene transcription...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051532/ccaat-enhancer-binding-protein-%C3%AE-silencing-mitigates-glial-activation-and-neurodegeneration-in-a-rat-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Jose A Morales-Garcia, Elena Gine, Elena Hernandez-Encinas, Diana Aguilar-Morante, Ana Sierra-Magro, Marina Sanz-SanCristobal, Sandra Alonso-Gil, Raul Sanchez-Lanzas, Jose G Castaño, Angel Santos, Ana Perez-Castillo
The CCAAT/Enhancer binding protein β (C/EBPβ) is a transcription factor involved in numerous physiological as well as pathological conditions in the brain. However, little is known regarding its possible role in neurodegenerative disorders. We have previously shown that C/EBPβ regulates the expression of genes involved in inflammatory processes and brain injury. Here, we have analyzed the effects of C/EBPβ interference in dopaminergic cell death and glial activation in the 6-hydroxydopamine model of Parkinson's disease...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051216/prolyl-4-hydroxylase-domain-protein-3-overexpression-improved-obstructive-sleep-apnea-induced-cardiac-perivascular-fibrosis-partially-by-suppressing-endothelial-to-mesenchymal-transition
#4
Guang-Hao Zhang, Fu-Chao Yu, Yang Li, Qin Wei, Song-Song Song, Fang-Ping Zhou, Jia-Yi Tong
BACKGROUND: Intermittent hypoxia (IH) induced by obstructive sleep apnea is the key factor involved in cardiovascular fibrosis. Under persistent hypoxia condition, endothelial cells respond by endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT), which is associated with cardiovascular fibrosis. Prolyl 4-hydroxylase domain protein 3 (PHD3) is a cellular oxygen sensor and its expression increased in hypoxia. However, its role in obstructive sleep apnea-induced EndMT and cardiovascular fibrosis is still uncertain...
October 19, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050075/-specific-cytotoxicity-of-a-novel-her2-based-chimeric-antigen-receptor-modified-t-lymphocytes-against-her2-positive-tumor-cells
#5
H J Tang, Y Q Liu, X C Bian, H L Feng, B Gu, H Sun, C X Zuo, F Y Zhou, J Liu
Objective: To construct the third generation chimeric antigen receptor based on a novel humanized anti-HER2 H1-2 scFv, and to investigate the specific cytotoxicity of H1-2 CAR modified T lymphocytes(CAR-T) against HER2(+) tumor cells. Method: The expression cassette of the third generation CAR gene and anti-HER2 H1-2 scFv were constructed and cloned into lentivirus transfer plasmid, and then the third generation H1-2 CAR was transduced into human T lymphocytes using lentivirus.Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect the expression of cytokines IL2, and LDH release assay was used to detect the cytotoxic effect of the H1-2 CAR-T...
October 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050003/cantharidin-inhibits-the-growth-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-cells-by-suppressing-autophagy-and-inducing-apoptosis-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#6
Hong-Chang Li, Zhi-Hua Xia, Ya-Feng Chen, Fan Yang, Wen Feng, Han Cai, Yi Mei, Yi-Ming Jiang, Ke Xu, Dian-Xu Feng
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cantharidin, a type of terpenoid secreted by the blister beetle Mylabris phalerata (Pallas), has attracted great attention in cancer therapy because of its potential anti-cancer activities. Here, we report the effects on apoptosis and autophagy in human triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cell lines after treatment with cantharidin and attempt to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468 cells were treated with cantharidin and cell proliferation was examined using CCK-8 and clone formation assays...
October 19, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049996/nogo-b-promotes-angiogenesis-in-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-via-vegf-pi3k-akt-pathway-in-an-autocrine-manner
#7
Yuelu Zhang, Liang Wang, Yuechan Zhang, Mo Wang, Qinglei Sun, Fangzhou Xia, Ruobing Wang, Lin Liu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Nogo-B, a conservative protein of endoplasmic reticulum, is a member of the reticulon family of proteins. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) is the major concerning problem of diabetic retinopathy. This study explored the role of Nogo-B in the regulation of angiogenesis in PDR patients and primary human retinal endothelial cells (HRMECs). METHODS: Nogo-B was down-regulated through the use of Lentivirus-NogoB-RNAi, the effects of Nogo-B on angiogenesis under high glucose stimulation were evaluated via CCK-8 assay, wound closure assay, transwell assay, and tube formation assay...
October 19, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049831/improving-myocardial-fractional-flow-reserve-in-coronary-atherosclerosis-via-cx37-gene-silence-a-preclinical-validation-study-in-pigs
#8
Suxia Guo, Ying Yang, Zhenyu Yang, Huayan You, Yunke Shi, Zhao Hu, Zhaohui Meng, Jianming Xiao
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of CX37 gene silence on myocardial fractional flow reserve (FFR). METHODS: A total of 90 male pigs were randomly divided into saline, mock and 3 different doses (5, 10 and 20 µl) of CX37 viral suspension groups that could induce coronary plaque formation with high-fat diet. After performing myocardial FFR by intravascular ultrasound, different doses of CX37 viral suspension, saline and mock small interfering RNA (siRNA) were transfected into the related coronary...
July 31, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049808/cold-inducible-ribonucleic-acid-binding-protein-attenuates-acute-kidney-injuries-after-deep-hypothermic-circulatory-arrest-in-rats
#9
Lei Yu, Tianxiang Gu, Yu Liu, Xuan Jiang, Enyi Shi
OBJECTIVES: Cold-inducible ribonucleic acid-binding protein (CIRP) has been identified to play a role in the antiapoptotic effect of hypothermia. We sought to investigate the renoprotection of CIRP in a rat model of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. METHODS: Overexpression and knockdown of CIRP were achieved in vivo by directly injecting lentivirus vectors containing packaging lentivirus (pL)/internal ribosome entry site (IRES)/green fluorescent protein (GFP)-CIRP or pL/short hairpin RNA (shRNA)/F-cold inducible RNA binding protein (F-CIRP)-A into the renal parenchyma of rats 7 days before deep hypothermic circulatory arrest under the ultrasound guidance...
August 14, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048678/suppression-of-stim1-inhibits-the-migration-and-invasion-of-human-prostate-cancer-cells-and-is-associated-with-pi3k-akt-signaling-inactivation
#10
Yibin Zhou, Peng Gu, Jian Li, Feng Li, Jin Zhu, Peng Gao, Yachen Zang, Yongchang Wang, Yuxi Shan, Dongrong Yang
Store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) plays an important role in the invasion and migration of cancer cells. Stromal-interacting molecule 1 (STIM1) is a critical component in the SOCE. STIM1 has been attracting more and more attention due to its oncogenic potential. STIM1 inhibition suppresses cell proliferation, migration and invasion in a variety of cancer models both in vitro and in vivo. However, the role of STIM1 in prostate carcinogenesis, in particular, in tumor migration and invasion is unclear. Herein, we downregulated STIM1 in prostate cancer cells by lentivirus-mediated short hairpin (shRNA), and then studied its impacts on cell migration and invasion...
September 18, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048648/long-non-coding-rna-xist-regulates-pdcd4-expression-by-interacting-with-mir-21-5p-and-inhibits-osteosarcoma-cell-growth-and-metastasis
#11
Rui Zhang, Tian Xia
lncRNA-X-inactive specific transcript (lncRNA XIST) has been demonstrated to be a tumor suppressor involved in the pathogenesis and development of various cancers. However, the function of XIST and its working mechanism in osteosarcoma (OS) remain enigmatic. Firstly, we determined the expression of XIST in OS tissues and cell lines by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR) and explored whether aberrant XIST expression was associated with recurrence and short overall survival. Furthermore, the effects of XIST on osteosarcoma cells were studied by lentivirus mediated overexpression approach in vitro and in vivo...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048627/slc7a11-a-component-of-cysteine-glutamate-transporter-is-a-novel-biomarker-for-the-diagnosis-and-prognosis-in-laryngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#12
Zhihong Ma, Hong Zhang, Meng Lian, Changli Yue, Gehong Dong, Yulan Jin, Rui Li, Hongfei Wan, Ru Wang, Ying Wang, Jie Zhai, Hongzhi Ma, Ling Feng, Jianfeng Han, Shuzhou Liu, Youxin Guo, Jianhua Li, Yu Liu, Jugao Fang, Honggang Liu
Solute carrier family 7, membrane 11 (SLC7A11) or (xCT) is a component of the cysteine-glutamate transporter, which plays a critical role in glutathione homeostasis which is important to protect cells from oxidative stress. SLC7A11 is distributed in various tissues and participates in the occurrence of a number of diseases, particularly in the pathogenesis of malignant tumors, but its role in laryngeal cancer development has not yet been clearly defined. The objective of the present study was to investigate the role of SLC7A11 in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC)...
September 20, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047259/the-candidate-tumor-suppressor-gene-slc8a2-inhibits-invasion-angiogenesis-and-growth-of-glioblastoma
#13
Mingqi Qu, Ju Yu, Hongyuan Liu, Ying Ren, Chunxiao Ma, Xingyao Bu, Qing Lan
Glioblastoma is the most frequent and most aggressive brain tumor in adults. Solute carrier family 8 member 2 (SLC8A2) is only expressed in normal brain, but not present in other human normal tissues or in gliomas. Therefore, we hypothesized that SLC8A2 might be a glioma tumor suppressor gene and detected the role of SLC8A2 in glioblastoma and explored the underlying molecular mechanism. The glioblastoma U87MG cells stably transfected with the lentivirus plasmid containg SLC8A2 (U87MG-SLC8A2) and negative control (U87MGNC) were constructed...
October 17, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047106/extracellular-5-nucleotidase-cd73-promotes-human-breast-cancer-cells-growth-through-akt-gsk-3%C3%AE-%C3%AE-catenin-cyclind1-signaling-pathway
#14
Jiangang Yu, Xue Wang, Qi Lu, Jigang Wang, Luying Li, Xiaohong Liao, Wei Zhu, Lei Lv, Xiuling Zhi, Jerry Yu, Yiting Jin, Qiang Zou, Zhouluo Ou, Xiuping Liu, Ping Zhou
To identify the role and to explore the mechanism of extracellular 5'-nucleotidase (CD73) in human breast cancer growth, CD73 expression was measured firstly in breast cancer tissues and cell lines, and then interfered with or over-expressed by recombinant lentivirus in cell lines. Impacts of CD73 on breast cancer cell proliferation and cell cycle were investigated with colony formation assay, CCK-8 and flow cytometry. The relationship between CD73 and AKT/GSK-3β/β-catenin pathway was assessed with adenosine, adenosine 2A receptor antagonist (SCH-58261), adenosine 2A receptor agonist (NECA), CD73 enzyme inhibitor (APCP) and Akt inhibitor (MK-2206)...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046446/foamy-virus-vector-carries-a-strong-insulator-in-its-long-terminal-repeat-which-reduces-its-genotoxic-potential
#15
Michael A Goodman, Paritha I Arumugam, Devin M Pillis, Anastacia Loberg, Md Nasimuzzaman, Danielle Lynn, Johannes C M van der Loo, Phillip J Dexheimer, Mehdi Keddache, Thomas R Bauer, Dennis D Hickstein, David W Russell, Punam Malik
Strong viral enhancers in γ-retrovirus vectors have caused cellular proto-oncogene activation and leukemia, necessitating use of cellular promoters in 'enhancer-less' self-inactivating integrating vectors. However, cellular promoters result in relatively low transgene expression, often leading to inadequate disease correction. Vectors derived from foamy virus, a nonpathogenic retrovirus, show higher preference for non-genic integrations than γ-retroviruses/lentiviruses and preferential integration near transcriptional start sites, like γ-retroviruses...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046444/relative-resistance-of-mhc-b-to-nef-mediated-downregulation-is-conserved-among-primate-lentiviruses-and-influences-antiviral-t-cell-responses-in-hiv-1-infected-individuals
#16
Francis Mwimanzi, Mako Toyoda, Macdonald Mahiti, Jaclyn K Mann, Jeffrey N Martin, David Bangsberg, Mark A Brockman, Philip Goulder, Frank Kirchhoff, Zabrina L Brumme, Thumbi Ndung'u, Takamasa Ueno
Patient-derived HIV-1 subtype B Nef clones downregulate HLA-A more efficiently than HLA-B. However, it remains unknown whether this property is common to Nef proteins across primate lentiviruses, and how antiviral immune responses may be affected. We examined 263 Nef clones from diverse primate lentiviruses including different pandemic HIV-1 group M subtypes for their ability to downregulate MHC-A and MHC-B from the cell surface. Though lentiviral Nef proteins differed markedly in their absolute MHC-A and MHC-B downregulation abilities, all lentiviral Nef lineages downregulated MHC-A on average 11-32% more efficiently than MHC-B...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044473/induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-from-ovarian-tissue
#17
Sophia Salas, Nicholas Ng, Behzad Gerami-Naini, Raymond M Anchan
Yamanaka and colleagues revolutionized stem cell biology and regenerative medicine by observing that somatic cells can be reprogrammed into pluripotent stem cells. Evidence indicates that induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells retain epigenetic memories that bias their spontaneous differentiation into the originating somatic cell type, therefore epigenetic memory may be exploited to improve tissue specific regeneration. We recently showed that iPS cells reprogrammed from ovarian granulosa cells using mouse and human tissue overwhelmingly differentiate homotypically into ovarian steroidogenic and primordial germ cells...
October 18, 2017: Current Protocols in Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042969/silencing-of-tctn1-inhibits-proliferation-induces-cell-cycle-arrest-and-apoptosis-in-human-thyroid-cancer
#18
Peipei Xu, Xiaotian Xia, Zhili Yang, Yuan Tian, Jianzhong Di, Minggao Guo
Tectonic family member 1 (TCTN1) is one of the tectonic family members, and a regulator of the hedgehog signaling pathway, which has been studied in various cancer types, including prostate and pancreatic cancer. However, its function in thyroid cancer has not been well documented. Therefore, the present study investigated the function of TCTN1 in thyroid cancer using a loss-of-function assay. Lentivirus-mediated RNA interference was applied to downregulate TCTN1 in the thyroid cancer cell lines, CAL62 and 8305C...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040500/chlamydia-trachomatis-plasmid-encoded-protein-porf5-protects-mitochondrial-function-by-inducing-mitophagy-and-increasing-hmgb1-expression
#19
Wenbo Lei, Qun Li, Shengmei Su, Jichang Bu, Qiulin Huang, Zhongyu Li
Chlamydia trachomatis, an obligate intracellular pathogen, has various effective strategies to regulate host cell death signalling pathways that ensure completion of their growth cycle. Mitochondrial autophagy (mitophagy) is responsible for elimination of dysfunctional and impaired mitochondria, and this process plays a critical role in cell survival via restriction of the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. However, the specific molecular mechanisms are not entirely understood. In the present study, we observed that pORF5 plasmid protein of C...
October 11, 2017: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039595/caveolin%C3%A2-1-regulates-oxidative-stress%C3%A2-induced-senescence-in-nucleus-pulposus-cells-primarily-via-the-p53-p21-signaling-pathway-in%C3%A2-vitro
#20
Lei Ding, Qingmin Zeng, Jingping Wu, Defang Li, Houlei Wang, Wei Lu, Zengxin Jiang, Guoxiong Xu
Previous studies have indicated that cellular senescence is a critical underlying mechanism of intervertebral disc degeneration. However, the precise mechanism by which cellular senescence accelerates disc degeneration has not been fully elucidated. Caveolin‑1 has recently emerged as an important regulator of cellular senescence. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether caveolin‑1 is involved in nucleus pulposus (NP) cellular senescence during oxidative stress. PCR was used to detect caveolin‑1 mRNA expression and protein expression was detected by western blotting...
October 13, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
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