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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903951/a-management-algorithm-for-retained-rectal-foreign-bodies
#1
Shamir O Cawich, Dexter A Thomas, Fawwaz Mohammed, Nahmorah J Bobb, Dorothy Williams, Vijay Naraynsingh
Few authors have proposed therapeutic protocols to manage retained rectal foreign bodies (RFBs). All patients with retained RFBs in hospitals across Trinidad and Tobago over 5 years were identified. Hospital records were retrieved and manually reviewed to extract the following data: demographics, history, foreign body retrieved, clinical signs at presentation, management strategy, duration of hospitalization, and morbidity and mortality. There were 10 patients with RFBs over the study period. The annual incidence of this phenomenon was 0...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902572/meeting-people-where-they-are-case-managers-empower-and-motivate-clients-to-pursue-their-health-goals
#2
Jane Harkey, Charlotte Sortedahl, Michelle M Crook, Patrice V Sminkey
PURPOSE: The propose of this discussion is to explore the role of the case manager to empower and motivate clients, especially those who appear "stuck" or resistant to change. Drawing upon the experiences of case managers across many different practice settings, the article addresses how case managers can tap into the individual's underlying and sometimes deep-seated desires in order to foster buy-in for making even small steps toward achieving their health goals. The article also addresses how motivational interviewing can be an effective tool used by case managers to uncover blocks and barriers that prevent clients from making changes in their health or lifestyle habits...
January 2017: Professional Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882710/john-porter-book-prize-lecture-bringing-the-social-back-in-on-the-integration-of-muslim-immigrants-and-the-jurisprudence-of-muslim-minorities
#3
Abdolmohammad Kazemipur
In much of the academic debate on the integration of Muslims into Western liberal democracies, Islam is often treated as one or the sole independent variable in the lives of Muslims. Offering to view Islam-or the understanding of Islam among Muslims-as the dependent variable, The Muslim Question in Canada discusses the influence of socioeconomic forces in shaping the Muslim immigrants' opinions, modes of thinking, and even interpretations of their faith. Drawing on this general approach, which is introduced and developed in the book using a variety of both quantitative and qualitative data, this article focuses on a school of thought within the Islamic jurisprudence known as fiqh al-aqalliyyat al-Muslema (the jurisprudence of Muslim minorities)...
November 2016: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871120/tri-focal-model-of-care-implementation-perspectives-of-residents-and-family
#4
Alison Hutchinson, Helen Rawson, Beverly O'Connell, Helen Walker, Tracey Bucknall, Helen Forbes, Joan Ostaszkiewicz, Cherene Ockerby
PURPOSE: To explore residents' and family members' perceptions of partnership-centered long-term care (LTC) associated with implementation of the Tri-focal Model of Care. The Model promotes partnership-centered care, evidence-based practice, and a positive environment. Its implementation is supported by a specifically designed education program. METHODS: The Model was implemented over approximately 12 months in seven LTC facilities in Victoria, Australia. A qualitative exploratory-descriptive approach was used...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867231/interviewing-practices-conversational-practices-and-rapport-responsiveness-and-engagement-in-the-standardized-survey-interview
#5
Dana Garbarski, Nora Cate Schaeffer, Jennifer Dykema
"Rapport" has been used to refer to a range of positive psychological features of an interaction -- including a situated sense of connection or affiliation between interactional partners, comfort, willingness to disclose or share sensitive information, motivation to please, or empathy. Rapport could potentially benefit survey participation and response quality by increasing respondents' motivation to participate, disclose, or provide accurate information. Rapport could also harm data quality if motivation to ingratiate or affiliate caused respondents to suppress undesirable information...
August 2016: Sociological Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856405/infusing-technology-into-perinatal-home-visitation-in-the-united-states-for-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence-exploring-the-interpretive-flexibility-of-an-mhealth-intervention
#6
Loraine J Bacchus, Linda Bullock, Phyllis Sharps, Camille Burnett, Donna L Schminkey, Ana Maria Buller, Jacquelyn Campbell
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is common during pregnancy and the postpartum. Perinatal home visitation provides favorable conditions in which to identify and support women affected by IPV. However, the use of mHealth for delivering IPV interventions in perinatal home visiting has not been explored. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to conduct a nested qualitative interpretive study to explore perinatal home visitors' and women's perceptions and experiences of the Domestic Violence Enhanced Home Visitation Program (DOVE) using mHealth technology (ie, a computer tablet) or a home visitor-administered, paper-based method...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847592/a-preliminary-survey-on-the-religious-profile-of-brazilian-psychiatrists-and-their-approach-to-patients-religiosity-in-clinical-practice
#7
Maria Cecilia Menegatti-Chequini, Juliane P B Gonçalves, Frederico C Leão, Mario F P Peres, Homero Vallada
BACKGROUND: Although there is evidence of a relationship between religion/spirituality and mental health, it remains unclear how Brazilian psychiatrists deal with the religion/spirituality of their patients. AIMS: To explore whether Brazilian psychiatrists enquire about religion/spirituality in their practice and whether their own beliefs influence their work. METHOD: Four hundred and eighty-four Brazilian psychiatrists completed a cross-sectional survey on religion/spirituality and clinical practice...
November 2016: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845620/gerontological-social-work-student-delivered-respite-a-community-university-partnership-pilot-program
#8
Tiffany R Washington, Jacqueline A Tachman
The current study describes a community-university partnership to support a gerontological social work student-delivered respite program, the Houseguest Program (Houseguest). Houseguest was designed using a community-engaged scholarship model of integrating research, teaching, and service. Houseguest was piloted with a small group of community-dwelling, co-residing dementia caregivers and care recipients. We examined caregivers' experiences with student-delivered respite using qualitative data analysis. Thematic analysis produced eight themes: 1) respite from full time caregiving role; 2) information on caregiving strategies; 3) no-cost supportive services; 4) opportunity for care recipients to socialize; 5) tailored activities for care recipients; 6) rapport-building between students and family dyad; 7) reciprocity between students and family dyad; and 8) program continuation...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833573/the-influence-of-facial-signals-on-the-automatic-imitation-of-hand-actions
#9
Emily E Butler, Robert Ward, Richard Ramsey
Imitation and facial signals are fundamental social cues that guide interactions with others, but little is known regarding the relationship between these behaviors. It is clear that during expression detection, we imitate observed expressions by engaging similar facial muscles. It is proposed that a cognitive system, which matches observed and performed actions, controls imitation and contributes to emotion understanding. However, there is little known regarding the consequences of recognizing affective states for other forms of imitation, which are not inherently tied to the observed emotion...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832743/clinicians-views-of-factors-of-importance-for-improving-the-rate-of-vbac-vaginal-birth-after-caesarean-section-a-study-from-countries-with-low-vbac-rates
#10
Ingela Lundgren, Patricia Healy, Margaret Carroll, Cecily Begley, Andrea Matterne, Mechthild M Gross, Susanne Grylka-Baeschlin, Jane Nicoletti, Sandra Morano, Christina Nilsson, Joan Lalor
BACKGROUND: Caesarean section (CS) rates are increasing worldwide and the most common reason is repeat CS following previous CS. For most women a vaginal birth after a previous CS (VBAC) is a safe option. However, the rate of VBAC differs in an international perspective. Obtaining deeper knowledge of clinicians' views on VBAC can help in understanding the factors of importance for increasing VBAC rates. Focus group interviews with clinicians and women in three countries with high VBAC rates (Finland, Sweden and the Netherlands) and three countries with low VBAC rates (Ireland, Italy and Germany) are part of "OptiBIRTH", an ongoing research project...
November 10, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831731/behavioral-inhibition-and-activation-systems-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Christina G Wong, Lisa J Rapport, Sarah-Jane Meachen, Robin A Hanks, Mark A Lumley
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: Personality has been linked to cognitive appraisal and health outcomes; however, research specific to traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been sparse. Gray's theory of behavioral inhibition system and behavioral activation system (BIS/BAS) offers a neurobiologic view of personality that may be especially relevant to neurobehavioral change associated with TBI. The present study examined theoretical and psychometric issues of using the BIS/BAS scale among adults with TBI as well as BIS/BAS personality correlates of TBI...
November 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822447/family-school-relationship-in-the-italian-infant-schools-not-only-a-matter-of-cultural-diversity
#12
Anna Granata, Ouejdane Mejri, Federica Rizzi
BACKGROUND: The family-school relationship is a crucial component in achieving the optimum scholastic experience of pupils. Such a relationship is often described in somewhat reductive binary terms of collaboration/non-collaboration. However, the significant presence of families from different cultural backgrounds in Italy since the 1990s demonstrates how multiple types of rapport with schools can generate effective styles of relationship. Infant schools constitute a privileged location where such dynamics can be investigated...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806924/-how-did-we-get-here-topic-drift-in-online-health-discussions
#13
Albert Park, Andrea L Hartzler, Jina Huh, Gary Hsieh, David W McDonald, Wanda Pratt
BACKGROUND: Patients increasingly use online health communities to exchange health information and peer support. During the progression of health discussions, a change of topic-topic drift-can occur. Topic drift is a frequent phenomenon linked to incoherence and frustration in online communities and other forms of computer-mediated communication. For sensitive topics, such as health, such drift could have life-altering repercussions, yet topic drift has not been studied in these contexts...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800596/-us-against-them-schools-families-and-the-diagnosis-of-adhd-among-black-children
#14
Myles D Moody
Prior research indicates that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is underdiagnosed, or less likely to be diagnosed, among Black children relative to White children and children in other non-Black racial categories. Scholars have suggested that this may be a result of cultural biases or misconceptions that affect the ways classroom behavior is interpreted. The purpose of this pilot study was to engage a larger theoretical framework that explores the relationships between parents and teachers and to examine some of the ways in which common cultural misconceptions can lead to flawed behavioral ascriptions in the classroom, producing negative social outcomes for Black children...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794726/nursing-staff-play-key-role-in-preventing-suicides-says-leading-nurse
#15
(no author information available yet)
Nurses are best placed to develop a rapport and communicate with patients at risk of suicide, a leading mental health nurse said.
September 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784033/a-usability-study-of-internet-based-therapy-for-naming-deficits-in-aphasia
#16
Tijana Simic, Carol Leonard, Laura Laird, Jennifer Cupit, Fiona Höbler, Elizabeth Rochon
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the usability of delivering the Phonological Components Analysis treatment for anomia (Leonard, Rochon, & Laird, 2008) remotely via the Internet to individuals with chronic poststroke aphasia. A secondary aim was to probe the experiences and satisfaction of clinicians in administering treatment at a distance. Method: Six individuals with mild-moderate aphasia and 2 trained clinicians participated in this usability study. Participants and clinicians underwent approximately 6 hr of treatment under observation by an independent observer...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780573/clinical-update-on-nursing-home-medicine-2016
#17
Barbara J Messinger-Rapport, Milta O Little, John E Morley, Julie K Gammack
This is the tenth clinical update. It covers chronic kidney disease, dementia, hypotension, polypharmacy, rapid geriatric assessment, and transitional care.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773898/use-of-focus-group-interviews-with-public-health-nurses-to-identify-the-efforts-of-and-challenges-faced-by-branches-of-the-japan-health-insurance-association-to-achieve-good-performance-of-the-specific-health-guidance-initiatives
#18
Fumi Hayashi, Keiko Ozawa, Teruko Kawabata, Yukari Takemi
Objectives Aiming at improvement of the Japan Health Insurance Association's Specific Health Guidance initiatives and human resource development, we conducted a qualitative study to clarify the features necessary for and the challenges hindering the achievement of good performance of the initiatives.Methods From November 2014 to January 2015, we conducted 10 focus group interviews, each 90 minutes long, with 64 public health nurses from 10 Japan Health Insurance Association branches. In addition, self-administered questionnaires were administered to obtain the participants' basic characteristics...
2016: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757258/measles-prevention-in-adolescents-lessons-learnt-from-implementing-a-high-school-catch-up-vaccination-programme-in-new-south-wales-australia-2014-2015
#19
Sonya Nicholl, Holly Seale, Vicky Sheppeard, Sue Campbell-Lloyd
INTRODUCTION: In response to a significant increase of measles cases and a high percentage of unvaccinated adolescents in New South Wales, Australia, a measles high school catch-up vaccination programme was implemented between August and December 2014. This study aimed to explore the factors affecting school-based supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) and to inform future SIA and routine school-based vaccination programme implementation and service provision. METHODS: Focus group analysis was conducted among public health unit (PHU) staff responsible for implementing the SIA catch-up programme...
July 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756239/the-infant-feeding-genogram-a-tool-for-exploring-family-infant-feeding-history-and-identifying-support-needs
#20
K L Darwent, R J McInnes, V Swanson
BACKGROUND: Family culture and beliefs are passed through the generations within families and influence what constitutes appropriate infant care. This includes infant feeding decisions where a family history and support network congruent with women's infant feeding intentions has been shown to be important to women's breastfeeding experience. This is reflected in breastfeeding rates where women who were not breastfed themselves are less likely to initiate and continue with breastfeeding...
October 19, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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