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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453408/biosignals-reflect-pair-dynamics-in-collaborative-work-eda-and-ecg-study-of-pair-programming-in-a-classroom-environment
#1
Lauri Ahonen, Benjamin Ultan Cowley, Arto Hellas, Kai Puolamäki
Collaboration is a complex phenomenon, where intersubjective dynamics can greatly affect the productive outcome. Evaluation of collaboration is thus of great interest, and can potentially help achieve better outcomes and performance. However, quantitative measurement of collaboration is difficult, because much of the interaction occurs in the intersubjective space between collaborators. Manual observation and/or self-reports are subjective, laborious, and have a poor temporal resolution. The problem is compounded in natural settings where task-activity and response-compliance cannot be controlled...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447727/n-o-129-l-exercice-physique-pendant-la-grossesse-et-le-postpartum
#2
Gregory A L Davies, Larry A Wolfe, Michelle F Mottola, Catherine MacKinnon
OBJECTIF: Énoncer une directive canadienne visant à informer les fournisseurs de soins obstétricaux des répercussions, pour la mère, le fœtus et le nouveau-né, des exercices de conditionnement aerobique et musculaire pendant la grossesse. RéSULTATS ATTENDUS: Effets sur la morbidité maternelle, fœtale et néonatale et mesures de la forme physique maternelle. PREUVES: Une recherche sur MEDLINE des articles, publiés en anglais de 1966 à 2002, appartenant aux catégories suivantes : études sur le conditionnement aérobique et musculaire chez des femmes ne faisant pas jusque-là d'exercice et chez des femmes actives avant leur grossesse, ainsi que des études sur les répercussions du conditionnement aérobique et musculaire sur les issues précoces et tardives de la grossesse ou sur les issues néonatales; rapports de synthèse et méta-analyses portant sur l'exercice pendant la grossesse...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441663/preceptors-perspectives-of-an-integrated-clinical-learning-model-in-a-mental-health-environment
#3
Gayelene Boardman, Karen Lawrence, Meg Polacsek
Supervised clinical practice is an essential component of undergraduate nursing students' learning and development. In the mental health setting, nursing students traditionally undertake four-week block placements. An integrated clinical learning model, where preceptors mentor students on an individual basis, has been used successfully in the clinical learning environment. This flexible model provides the opportunity for students to work across morning, afternoon, night and weekend shifts. There is a need to improve the evidence base for a flexible model for students undertaking a mental health placement...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435339/perceptions-regarding-utilization-of-meteorological-information-in-healthcare-in-korea-a-qualitative-study
#4
Minsu Ock, Eun Young Choi, Inbo Oh, Seok Hyeon Yun, Yoo-Keun Kim, Hyunsu Kim, Min-Woo Jo, Jiho Lee
Background: Health forecasting has been used in an attempt to provide timely and tailored meteorological information to patients and healthcare providers so that they might take appropriate actions to mitigate health risks and manage healthcare-related needs. This study examined the in-depth perceptions of healthcare providers and the general public regarding the utilization of meteorological information in the healthcare system in Korea. Methods: The COREQ (Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research) checklist was applied to this study...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424766/social-connectedness-and-perceived-listening-effort-in-adult-cochlear-implant-users-a-grounded-theory-to-establish-content-validity-for-a-new-patient-reported-outcome-measure
#5
Sarah E Hughes, Hayley A Hutchings, Frances L Rapport, Catherine M McMahon, Isabelle Boisvert
OBJECTIVES: Individuals with hearing loss often report a need for increased effort when listening, particularly in challenging acoustic environments. Despite audiologists' recognition of the impact of listening effort on individuals' quality of life, there are currently no standardized clinical measures of listening effort, including patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). To generate items and content for a new PROM, this qualitative study explored the perceptions, understanding, and experiences of listening effort in adults with severe-profound sensorineural hearing loss before and after cochlear implantation...
February 8, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422477/parental-presence-absence-in-the-dental-operatory-as-a-behavior-management-technique-a-review-and-modified-view
#6
Hicham Riba, Asma Al-Shahrani, Hayat Al-Ghutaimel, Adel Al-Otaibi, Salim Al-Kahtani
INTRODUCTION: Parental presence/absence in the dental operatory (also called: Parent-in-parent-out technique) is an extremely controversial aspect of the nonpharmacological BMTs. Historically, dentists used to exclude parents from dental operatory to avoid their interference with the dentist's aptitude to build a rapport and relationship with the child, hence increasing the child management problems by disrupting treatment and making the dentist unfocused and uncomfortable. AIM: The purpose of this article is to review and emphasize on the importance of parental presence/absence in the dental operatory, especially in a certain age group, as a behavior management technique (BMT) in pediatric dentistry, and to present a modified view of this technique...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414111/exploration-of-the-perceived-impact-of-carer-involvement-in-mental-health-nurse-education-values-attitudes-and-making-a-difference
#7
Gwenne Louise McIntosh
Academic settings are seen to be an ideal, although potentially privileged, environments in which to demonstrate meaningful and authentic involvement. Despite the lack of evaluation and evidence relating to the impact of involvement being noted in the early 2000's, there continues to be a lack of evaluative research in this area (Happell et al., 2014) with the examination of the carers perspective being even more limited. This paper presents qualitative findings emerging from an Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) carried out on transcripts from five individual semi-structured interviews with family carers who contribute to the Bachelor of Nursing (Mental Health) programme at Edinburgh Napier University...
January 25, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410935/negative-symptom-dimensions-of-the-positive-and-negative-syndrome-scale-across-geographical-regions-implications-for-social-linguistic-and-cultural-consistency
#8
Anzalee Khan, Lora Liharska, Philip D Harvey, Alexandra Atkins, Daniel Ulshen, Richard S E Keefe
Objective: Recognizing the discrete dimensions that underlie negative symptoms in schizophrenia and how these dimensions are understood across localities might result in better understanding and treatment of these symptoms. To this end, the objectives of this study were to 1) identify the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale negative symptom dimensions of expressive deficits and experiential deficits and 2) analyze performance on these dimensions over 15 geographical regions to determine whether the items defining them manifest similar reliability across these regions...
December 1, 2017: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402278/participants-perceptions-of-interactions-with-community-health-workers-who-promote-behavior-change-a-qualitative-characterization-from-participants-with-normal-depressive-and-anxious-mood-states
#9
Joseph Perales, Belinda M Reininger, MinJae Lee, Stephen H Linder
BACKGROUND: Interventions that promote healthier lifestyles among Latinos often involve community health workers (CHWs). CHWs can effectively advocate for healthier lifestyles and may be pivotal in addressing such mental health conditions as depression and anxiety. The goal of this study was to characterize the relationship dynamics between Latino participants and CHWs, from the participant's perspective. We aimed to determine if CHW-delivered community interventions effected behavior change, especially among participants who reported anxiety and depression...
February 5, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400550/who-let-the-dogs-out-therapy-dogs-in-clinical-practice
#10
M G Jones, S M Rice, S M Cotton
OBJECTIVES: Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) is a growing field in Australia, and therapy dogs are becoming increasingly common in clinical settings. This paper aims to highlight the current issues facing AAT in Australia and to make recommendations on how to progress the field. We acknowledge that there are several ways that therapy dogs may enhance treatment outcomes for clients, such as reductions in stress and acute anxious arousal, and improvements in engagement and rapport. These psychological and physiological advantages, however, may not be sustained once interaction with the dog ceases...
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372492/doctor-pharmacist-communication-in-hospitals-strategies-perceptions-limitations-and-opportunities
#11
Peter Coomber, Alexandra Clavarino, Emma Ballard, Karen Luetsch
Background Effective communication between health professionals contributes to safe and efficient patient care, whereas communication breakdown can lead to adverse patient outcomes and increased healthcare expenditure. Information on how pharmacists and doctors communicate with each other in hospitals is limited. Objective To explore usage and perceptions of communication methods by doctors and pharmacists in hospital settings. Setting Four public hospitals in Australia. Method A mixed method study utilising a pilot questionnaire, semi-structured interviews, and electronic survey was designed...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368277/utilization-of-the-tablet-application-proband-in-pedigree-construction-and-assessment
#12
Andrew Joseph McCarty, Jeffrey M Miller, Heather Fecteau, Jeffrey W Pennington, Lisa Kessler
Many medical institutions have converted to a digital model for record keeping due to the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act. This Act provides incentives to health care systems to accelerate and encourage the adoption of electronic health record (EHR) systems. The pedigree as a tool in medicine provides an efficient method to assess and represent an individual's health and family health risks that may otherwise not be apparent in the medical record in a clearly identifiable way (Schuette, J...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362620/compare-of-the-west-syndrome-with-other-syndromes-in-the-epileptic-encephalopathy-kosovo-experience
#13
Naim Zeka, Abdurrahim Gërguri, Ramush Bejiqi, Ragip Retkoceri, Armend Vuciterna
BACKGROUND: West Syndrome (WS) represents as a specific epileptic encephalopathy characterised with a unique type of attacks, called infantile spasms, severe forms of abnormalities in electroencephalographic (EEG) records as a hypsarythmias and delays in the psychomotoric development. The characteristics of the disease, mostly affecting male gender, are infantile spasms and typical findings in EEG as a hypsarythmia. Infantile spasms are a consequence of many factors in the undeveloped brain...
December 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338313/rapport-building-and-instructional-fading-prior-to-discrete-trial-instruction-moving-from-child-led-play-to-intensive-teaching
#14
M Alice Shillingsburg, Bethany Hansen, Melinda Wright
Discrete trial instruction (DTI) is effective for teaching skills to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Although effective, instructional settings can become aversive resulting in avoidant and escape-related behaviors. Given the significant social impairments associated with ASD, interventions that promote social approach and reduce avoidance are warranted. Rapport building or "pairing" the therapist and teaching setting with highly preferred activities prior to instruction can reduce problematic behaviors during subsequent instruction...
January 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334921/a-pilot-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-adjunct-brief-social-network-intervention-in-opiate-substitution-treatment-services
#15
Ed Day, Alex Copello, Jennifer L Seddon, Marilyn Christie, Deborah Bamber, Charlotte Powell, Carmel Bennett, Shabana Akhtar, Sanju George, Andrew Ball, Emma Frew, Ilias Goranitis, Nick Freemantle
BACKGROUND: Approximately 3% of people receiving opioid substitution therapy (OST) in the UK manage to achieve abstinence from prescribed and illicit drugs within three years of commencing treatment. Involvement of families and wider social networks in supporting psychological treatment may be an effective strategy in facilitating recovery, and this pilot study aimed to evaluate the impact of a social network-focused intervention for patients receiving OST. METHODS: A two-site, open feasibility trial randomised patients receiving OST for at least 12 months but still reporting illicit opiate use in the past 28 days to one of three treatments: 1) treatment as usual (TAU), 2) Brief Social Behaviour and Network Therapy (B-SBNT) + TAU, or 3) Personal Goal Setting (PGS) + TAU...
January 15, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333127/quality-assurance-procedures-based-on-dosimetric-gamma-analysis-as-a-fast-reliable-tool-for-commissioning-brachytherapy-treatment-planning-systems
#16
Grzegorz Zwierzchowski, Grzegorz Bieleda, Janusz Skowronek
Background: Fast and easily repeatable methods for commissioning procedures for brachytherapy (BT) treatment planning systems (TPS) are needed. Radiochromic film dosimetry with gamma analysis is widely used in external beam quality assurance (QA) procedures and planar film dosimetry is also increasingly used for verification of the dose distribution in BT applications. Using the gamma analysis method for comparing calculated and measured dose data could be used for commissioning procedures of the newly developed TG-186 and MBDCA calculation algorithms...
December 2017: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325143/associations-of-gross-motor-delay-behavior-and-quality-of-life-in-young-children-with-autism
#17
James B Hedgecock, Lisa A Dannemiller, Amy Shui, Mary Jane Rapport, Terry Katz
Background: Young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often have gross motor delays (GMD) that may accentuate problem daytime behavior (PDB) and health-related quality of life (QoL). Objective: The objective of this study was to describe the degree of GMD in young children with ASD and associations of GMD with PDB and QoL. The primary hypothesis was that GMD significantly modifies the associations between internalizing or externalizing PDB and QoL. Design: This study used a cross-sectional, retrospective analysis...
January 9, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323808/adolescent-preferences-for-topics-addressed-during-well-visits
#18
Eugene C Lee
BACKGROUND: Current evidence is limited regarding the topics adolescents want to discuss with clinicians during routine well visits. High school students were surveyed to determine potential adolescent discussion topics, barriers to discussion, and ways to promote dialogue. METHODS: Surveys were distributed between October 2014 and January 2015 to 102 students in the Verona Area High School in Verona, Wisconsin. RESULTS: Of the topics presented, teens preferred to discuss vaccines and mood/stress with their clinicians...
November 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311715/the-bone-marrow-niche-in-mds-and-mgus-implications-for-aml-and-mm
#19
REVIEW
Irene M Ghobrial, Alexandre Detappe, Kenneth C Anderson, David P Steensma
Several haematological malignancies, including multiple myeloma (MM) and acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), have well-defined precursor states that precede the development of overt cancer. MM is almost always preceded by monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), and at least a quarter of all patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) have disease that evolves into AML. In turn, MDS are frequently anteceded by clonal haematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP). The acquisition of additional genetic and epigenetic alterations over time clearly influences the increasingly unstable and aggressive behaviour of neoplastic haematopoietic clones; however, perturbations in the bone-marrow microenvironment are increasingly recognized to have key roles in initiating and supporting oncogenesis...
January 9, 2018: Nature Reviews. Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297766/-my-body-my-choice-a-qualitative-study-of-the-influence-of-trust-and-locus-of-control-on-postpartum-contraceptive-choice
#20
Beth Sundstrom, Caitlin Szabo, Angela Dempsey
Postpartum contraception helps reduce unintended pregnancy and space births to improve maternal and child health. This study explored women's perceptions of contraceptive choice during the postpartum period in the context of locus of control and trust in healthcare providers. Researchers conducted six focus groups with 47 women, ages 18-39, receiving postpartum care at an outpatient clinic. Techniques from grounded theory methodology provided an inductive approach to analysis. HyperRESEARCH 3.5.2 qualitative data analysis software facilitated a constant-comparative coding process to identify emergent themes...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
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