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Bronwyn McGill, Blythe J O'Hara, Philayrath Phongsavan
Objectives and importance of study: Low program completion rates can undermine the public health impact of even the most effective program. Participant experiences with lifestyle programs are not well reported, but are important for program improvement and retention. The purpose of this study was to understand participant perceptions of the Get Healthy Information and Coaching Service (GHS), a 6-month telephone-based health coaching program to promote lifestyle change. We were particularly interested in participants' initial expectations, their actual experience and, for those who did not complete the program, what influenced their withdrawal...
June 14, 2018: Public Health Research & Practice
Anne Ziegltrum, Mary Jane Rapport
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
S Allen, R Harris, S L Brown, G Humphris, Y Zhou, S N Rogers
To examine associations between socioeconomic status and the extent to which patients with cancer of the head and neck expressed concerns to surgeons during routine follow-up clinics, we analysed audio recordings of 110 consultations with one consultant. We used the Verona Coding Definitions of Emotional Sequences (VRCoDES) to measure communication between the doctor and the patient, and grouped the English indices of multiple deprivation (IMD) 2015 scores into deciles to compare the VRCoDES with socioeconomic status...
June 13, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Brittany Steelman
PURPOSE: This paper will acquaint the psychiatric nurse with attachment theory-based therapy through a narrative of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment of a Vietnam veteran with a history of compound trauma in childhood. DESIGN AND METHODS: Application of attachment-based therapy is discussed within the context of its guiding principles and tenets. FINDINGS: Attachment-based therapy is effective in reducing PTSD symptoms in a Vietnam veteran through forming secure base scripts from which the patient better evaluated and managed stressors, resulting in improved life functioning...
June 13, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Carina C J M de Klerk, Antonia F de C Hamilton, Victoria Southgate
Mimicry, the tendency to spontaneously and unconsciously copy others' behaviour, plays an important role in social interactions. It facilitates rapport between strangers, and is flexibly modulated by social signals, such as eye contact. However, little is known about the development of this phenomenon in infancy, and it is unknown whether mimicry is modulated by social signals from early in life. Here we addressed this question by presenting 4-month-old infants with videos of models performing facial actions (e...
May 16, 2018: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
Elionor Nehme, Sahar Obeid, Souheil Hallit, Chadia Haddad, Wael Salame, Fouad Tahan
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of psychosis on prognosis as measured by the course of a manic episode, symptoms severity and time to remission and identify existing differences in positive and negative symptoms between psychotic and non-psychotic patients. STUDY DESIGN: 40 bipolar patients presenting with a diagnosis of acute mania were enrolled (18 psychotic patients and 22 non psychotic patients) in this cross-sectional study. Subjects were required to complete two self-reported questionnaires, the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) for manic symptoms, and Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale (PANSS) for psychotic symptoms...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Neuroscience
Victoria A Miller, Elizabeth Friedrich, J Felipe García-España, Jessica H Mirman, Carol A Ford
PURPOSE: To increase understanding of parental perspectives on time alone and of factors that influence adolescent communication with physicians in a pediatric clinic. METHODS: The sample consisted of 91 parents of adolescents aged 14-17 years who attended a well child visit at one primary care pediatric practice and completed a 2-week follow-up phone call as part of a larger study on adolescent health and communication. Parents reported whether their child met alone with the pediatrician, rated the importance of him or her having time alone with the physician, and responded to open-ended questions regarding barriers and facilitators of adolescent-physician communication...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Florent Serina
If his relationship to Sigmund Freud's psychoanalysis has been widely acknowledged, Claude Lévi-Strauss' rapport with C.G. Jung's analytical psychology remains quite obscure. While secondary commentary has been abundant, its approach has above all been intertextual, to the detriment of a rigorously historical reading. Even if certain arguments put forward by supporters of so-called "influence" deserve to be taken into account, especially because they highlight Lévi-Strauss ambiguities and paradoxes toward Jung, this paper provides proof that a precise reading of the texts, with the help of recent studies on the intellectual genesis of Lévi-Strauss, lead to reject the thesis of an unstated debt owed by the French anthropologist to the Zurich psychologist...
June 9, 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
Justin J Sanders, Kimberly S Johnson, Kimberly Cannady, Joanna Paladino, Dee W Ford, Susan D Block, Katherine R Sterba
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore multiple perspectives regarding barriers to and facilitators of advance care planning (ACP) among African Americans to identify similarities or differences that might have clinical implications. METHOD: Qualitative study with health disparities experts (n = 5), community members (n = 9), and seriously ill African American patients and caregivers (n = 11). Using template analysis, interviews were coded to identify intrapersonal, interpersonal, and systems-level themes in accordance with a social ecological framework...
June 5, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
Nicolien M H Kromme, Kees T B Ahaus, Reinold O B Gans, Harry B M van de Wiel
BACKGROUND: Internists appear to define productive interactions, key concept of the Chronic Care Model, as goal-directed, catalyzed by achieving rapport, and depending on the medical context: i.e. medically explained symptoms (MES) or medically unexplained symptoms (MUS). OBJECTIVE: To explore internists' interaction strategy discourses in the context of MES and MUS. METHODS: We interviewed twenty internists working in a Dutch academic hospital, identified relevant text fragments in the interview transcripts and analyzed the data based on a discourse analysis approach...
2018: PloS One
Frances Rapport, Mia Bierbaum, Catherine McMahon, Isabelle Boisvert, Annie Lau, Jeffrey Braithwaite, Sarah Hughes
INTRODUCTION: The growing prevalence of adults with 'severe or greater' hearing loss globally is of great concern, with hearing loss leading to diminished communication, and impacting on an individual's quality of life (QoL). Cochlear implants (CI) are a recommended device for people with severe or greater, sensorineural hearing loss, who obtain limited benefits from conventional hearing aids (HA), and through improved speech perception, CIs can improve the QoL of recipients. Despite this, utilisation of CIs is low...
May 29, 2018: BMJ Open
Grace Meijuan Yang, Sungwon Yoon, Yung Ying Tan, Karen Liaw
BACKGROUND: Palliative care is associated with better outcomes in advanced cancer, but there is limited research comparing different models of palliative care delivery alongside oncology care. For inpatients with cancer, palliative care is mostly delivered through a consult service, primarily relying on oncologist-initiated referrals to a separate specialist palliative care team. In our hospital setting, we piloted a palliative care and oncology corounding model of care. AIM: To explore the views and experience of oncology and palliative care professionals on the corounding model compared to an inpatient consult service...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Rasmieh Mustafa Al-Amer, Lucie Ramjan, Paul Glew, Tamara Taysir Darwish, Sue Randall, Yenna Salamonson
BACKGROUND: Cultural beliefs and ways of thinking need to be considered when interviewing Arab participants with chronic diseases. AIM: To provide insights into the challenges of interviewing Arab participants. DISCUSSION: This paper taps into the first author's experiences of interviewing ten Arab participants with type 2 diabetes and coexisting depression. Issues relating to gatekeeping, gender, participants' privacy and superstitious thinking need to be taken into consideration, particularly when discussing sensitive topics that may challenge social norms...
June 7, 2018: Nurse Researcher
Shahrazad Akbar, Lujayn Akbar, Nuralhuda Akbar, Ali Nawras
One of the most commonly encountered medical problems affecting all age groups in health care is abdominal pain. There are many surgical and medical causes behind this symptom; however, a rare cause of abdominal pain and other unspecific abdominal complaints are gastric bezoars. Gastric bezoars are defined as the accumulation of undigested or partially digested foreign materials in the stomach. They are typically found incidentally during upper endoscopy. Patients may present with abnormal behavior or eating disorders such as pica...
January 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Harendra Singh Bargali, Tanveer Ahmed
India with estimated more than 2000 tigers (across 18 states) accounts for more than half of the remaining tigers across its range countries. Long-term conservation requires measures to protect the large carnivores and its prey base beyond the Protect Areas. The Corbett Tiger Reserve (CTR) and adjoining forest divisions with high density of tigers play a crucial role in conservation of tiger in Uttarakhand state as well as the Terai-Arc Landscape. However, CTR is surrounded with multiple-use forest (forest divisions), agriculture land, human habitation, townships and developmental projects...
2018: PloS One
Mark Tomlinson, Xanthe Hunt, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus
Most low- and middle-income countries lack resources with which to implement public health programs. As such, there is a necessity to facilitate programing that judiciously makes use of what resources there are. However, despite evidence for the efficacy of many interventions, translating these into real-world effectiveness, and then into scalability, is complex and has often been neglected. We draw on a case study of Philani+ (a maternal and child health intervention implemented in South Africa) to distil eight features of health programing that aid intervention effectiveness...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Michelle Cleary, Toby Raeburn, Sancia West, Phil Escott, Violeta Lopez
Recovery-oriented principles underpin modern-day mental health care and are enhanced by consumer participation in decision-making. Understanding how consumer participation can be maximized is central to promoting recovery-oriented care. This study explored the key strategies used by mental health registered nurses and perceived by nurses to be used by peer support workers in facilitating consumer decision-making to determine similarities, differences, and possible tensions. A qualitative descriptive approach using semi-structured interviews was conducted with nine nurses employed in mental health care...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Allen F Shih, Nana O Addo-Tabiri, Andre N Sofair
OBJECTIVES: Concerns regarding lack of privacy, poor patient understanding, and physician discomfort have led to a decline in rounding at the bedside. Our project explored patient perceptions of the implementation and value of bedside rounding. METHODS: This mixed-methods study used semi-structured qualitative interviews and a five-item Likert survey, which included questions about patients' experiences with rounds, their comfort level with the rounding process, and their understanding of care after rounds...
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
Tania Josiane Bosqui, Bassam Marshoud
Despite increasing research and clinical interest in delivering psychosocial interventions for children affected by war, little research has been conducted on the underlying mechanisms of change associated with these interventions. This review aimed to identify these processes in order to inform existing interventions and highlight research gaps. A systematic review of reviews was conducted drawing from academic databases (PubMed, PILOTS, Cochrane Library for Systematic Reviews) and field resources (e.g. Médecins Sans Frontières and the Psychosocial Centre of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies), with extracted data analysed using Thematic Content Analysis...
2018: Conflict and Health
Jai-Yon Lee, Young Ae Song, Ji Young Jung, Hyun Jeong Kim, Bo Ram Kim, Hyun-Kyung Do, Jae-Young Lim
AIMS: To determine the need for care robots among nurses and to suggest how robotic care should be prioritized in an integrated nursing care services. BACKGROUND: Korea is expected to be a super-aged society by 2030. To solve care issues with elderly inpatient caused by informal caregivers, the government introduced 'integrated nursing care services'; these are comprehensive care systems staffed by professionally trained nurses. To assist them, a care robot development project has been launched...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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