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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661069/the-black-cloud-phenomenon-in-hand-surgery
#1
Emily Zhao, Nathan Tiedeken, William Wang, John Fowler
BACKGROUND: The term black cloud for a surgeon is generally used to describe someone who is unusually busy compared with his or her counterparts, and it is a superstition that tends to pervade the medical world. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether black clouds exist in hand surgery. METHODS: We examined one academic year's worth of hand surgery-specific call at a level I trauma center and tabulated the number of hand-related patient transfers and add-on cases per surgeon...
April 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659296/mental-health-knowledge-and-training-needs-among-direct-care-workers-a-mixed-methods-study
#2
Candace Konnert, Vivian Huang, Barbara Pesut
OBJECTIVES: Direct care providers (DCWs) spend the most time with clients in the home, and as such, play an integral role in identifying mental health problems. However, DCWs receive little preparation in mental health and there is little research regarding their role in the mental health care of clients. The purpose of this study was to explore DCWs' knowledge, attitudes, and experiences of caring for clients with mental health problems from the perspectives of DCWs and key administrators (KAs)...
April 16, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649672/leading-up-to-saying-yes-a-qualitative-study-on-the-experience-of-patients-with-refractory-epilepsy-regarding-presurgical-investigation-for-resective-surgery
#3
Patti Shih, Armin Nikpour, Andrew Bleasel, Geoffrey Herkes, Rebecca Mitchell, Rebecca Seah, Virginia Mumford, Jeffrey Braithwaite, Sanjyot Vagholkar, Frances Rapport
OBJECTIVES: Adult patients with refractory epilepsy who are potential candidates for resective surgery undergo a period of presurgical investigation in tertiary epilepsy centers (TECs), where they engage extensively with healthcare professionals and receive a range of treatment-related information. This qualitative study aimed to examine the experiences of adult patients with refractory epilepsy leading up to and during presurgical investigation and how their perceptions of resective surgery are shaped...
April 9, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643493/build-two-way-rapport-for-better-policymaking
#4
Adam P Hejnowicz, Sue E Hartley, Nigel Gilbert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620608/rapport-management-opening-the-door-for-effective-debriefing-erratum
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617368/reducing-negative-affect-and-increasing-rapport-improve-interracial-mentorship-outcomes
#6
Jordan B Leitner, ├ľzlem Ayduk, C Malik Boykin, Rodolfo Mendoza-Denton
Research suggests that interracial mentoring relationships are strained by negative affect and low rapport. As such, it stands to reason that strategies that decrease negative affect and increase rapport should improve these relationships. However, previous research has not tested this possibility. In video-chats (Studies 1 and 2) and face-to-face meetings (Study 3), we manipulated the degree of mutual self-disclosure between mentees and mentors, a strategy that has been shown to reduce negative affect and increase rapport...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579444/optimizing-hospitalist-patient-communication-an-observation-study-of-medical-encounter-quality
#7
Julie Apker, Margaret Baker, Scott Shank, Kristen Hatten, Sally VanSweden
BACKGROUND: Optimizing patient-hospitalist interactions heightens patient satisfaction, improves patient health outcomes, and improves hospitalist job satisfaction. A study was conducted to recognize hospitalist communication that enhance encounters, identify hospitalist behaviors for improvement interventions, and explore the association of time and gender with communication quality. METHODS: Researchers observed encounters between 36 hospitalists and 206 adult patients...
April 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579008/functional-mobility-improved-after-intensive-progressive-resistance-exercise-in-an-adolescent-with-spina-bifida
#8
Carol L Baym, James B Hedgecock, Mary Jane K Rapport
PURPOSE: To describe the use and effectiveness of a novel intensive progressive resistance exercise (PRE) approach to address the functional goals of a 14-year-old adolescent with a myelomeningocele. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: The child had lower extremity weakness, knee and hip flexion contractures, impaired somatosensation, and cardiopulmonary deconditioning, affecting gait mechanics and functional ambulation. An 8-week intensive PRE-based intervention was designed to improve walking in the home by targeting both power-generating and stabilizing lower extremity musculature...
April 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578028/changes-in-alpha-activity-reveal-that-social-opinion-modulates-attention-allocation-during-face-processing
#9
Evelien Heyselaar, Ali Mazaheri, Peter Hagoort, Katrien Segaert
Participants' performance differs when conducting a task in the presence of a secondary individual, moreover the opinion the participant has of this individual also plays a role. Using EEG, we investigated how previous interactions with, and evaluations of, an avatar in virtual reality subsequently influenced attentional allocation to the face of that avatar. We focused on changes in the alpha activity as an index of attentional allocation. We found that the onset of an avatar's face whom the participant had developed a rapport with induced greater alpha suppression...
March 22, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562905/a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-client-experience-of-inter-professional-practice-in-the-delivery-of-activeplus-a-combined-smoking-cessation-and-physical-activity-intervention
#10
G A O'Sullivan, Clare Hanlon, T Dentry, T Morris, L Banting
BACKGROUND: Research investigating interprofessional practice (IPP) frameworks has predominately focused on the service delivery of IPP or educating practitioners through interprofessional education. Minimal research has addressed client outcomes or the experience of clients with IPP in real world contexts. In this paper, we explore the experience of seven participants in the ActivePlus program, an IPP-based smoking cessation intervention combined with physical activity promotion. METHODS: Participants informed on their program experiences through post-program in-depth interviews...
March 21, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561236/functional-specificity-and-sex-differences-in-the-neural-circuits-supporting-the-inhibition-of-automatic-imitation
#11
Kohinoor M Darda, Emily E Butler, Richard Ramsey
Humans show an involuntary tendency to copy other people's actions. Although automatic imitation builds rapport and affiliation between individuals, we do not copy actions indiscriminately. Instead, copying behaviors are guided by a selection mechanism, which inhibits some actions and prioritizes others. To date, the neural underpinnings of the inhibition of automatic imitation and differences between the sexes in imitation control are not well understood. Previous studies involved small sample sizes and low statistical power, which produced mixed findings regarding the involvement of domain-general and domain-specific neural architectures...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553299/the-novel-use-of-life-grids-in-a-phenomenological-study-of-family-carers-of-people-with-profound-intellectual-and-multiple-disabilities-and-dysphagia
#12
Hannah Crawford, Heather Wilkinson
Life grids have been used in qualitative studies for the last two decades. They provide an activity which researcher and participant can focus their attention on, help build rapport, and reduce the control the researcher may hold within a session. Here we describe the novel use of life grids at the end of a data collection phase. Used in this previously unreported way, life grids assisted the closure of the data collection phase by summarizing the data collection and marking departure from the field. Creation of a life grid produced a tangible outcome, evidencing the work undertaken within the data collection period...
March 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548354/preoperative-anesthesia-evaluation
#13
Joseph D Tobias
The preoperative evaluation is the first step in ensuring the safe conduct of anesthetic care in pediatric patients of all ages. Over time, this process has changed significantly from a time when patients were admitted to the hospital the night before surgery to a time when the majority of patients, including those scheduled for major surgical procedures, arrive the day of surgery. For most patients, the preoperative examiantion can be conducted over the phone by a trained nurse or on-line via a survey thereby eliminating the need for a separate visit merely for the preoperative evaluation...
April 2018: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542099/amateur-radio-communications-in-a-disaster-preparedness-simulation-when-all-else-fails-amateur-radio
#14
Randy McCamey, Jennifer Yeager
During natural disasters, communications can be disrupted, which negatively impacts response time of first responders thus diminishing the level of care provided to disaster victims. In the fall of 2014, as part of a larger community-based participatory research study, the Tarleton Area Amateur Radio Club (TAARC) joined the Department of Nursing, Tarleton State University, and provided amateur radio communications during a disaster preparedness simulation. The simulation was conducted to determine the ability of the university to provide rapid response and render quality, acute healthcare to its neighbors during a natural disaster...
January 2018: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532739/online-interviewing-with-interpreters-in-humanitarian-contexts
#15
Anna Chiumento, Laura Machin, Atif Rahman, Lucy Frith
PURPOSE: Recognising that one way to address the logistical and safety considerations of research conducted in humanitarian emergencies is to use internet communication technologies to facilitate interviews online, this article explores some practical and methodological considerations inherent to qualitative online interviewing. METHOD: Reflections from a case study of a multi-site research project conducted in post-conflict countries are presented.  Synchronous online cross-language qualitative interviews were conducted in one country...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522387/hypertension-in-older-adults-what-is-the-target-blood-pressure
#16
EDITORIAL
Anu Garg, Barbara J Messinger-Rapport
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520935/living-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-jordanian-perspective
#17
Alham Al-Sharman, Hanan Khalil, Mohammad Nazzal, Nihaya Al-Sheyab, Alia Alghwiri, Khalid El-Salem, Mais AlDughmi
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms are very heterogeneous and may lead to reduced physical, cognitive, and psychosocial functioning that can consequently impair aspects of individual's life. Many studies have examined the living experiences of individuals with MS and its impact on their daily lives. In developing countries and particularly in Jordan, there has been little attempt to conduct studies exploring the experiences of people living with MS. Such knowledge will provide a background to hidden aspects of human concepts, such as culture, perception, and attitudes about chronic diseases...
March 9, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517012/academics-should-build-rapport-with-government-s-policy-analysts
#18
Marie Claire Brisbois, Kimberly Girling, Scott Findlay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492050/analyzing-communication-skills-of-pediatric-postgraduate-residents-in-clinical-encounter-by-using-video-recordings
#19
Attia Bari, Rehan Ahmed Khan, Uzma Jabeen, Ahsan Waheed Rathore
Objective: To analyze communication skills of pediatric postgraduate residents in clinical encounter by using video recordings. Methods: This qualitative exploratory research was conducted through video recording at The Children's Hospital Lahore, Pakistan. Residents who had attended the mandatory communication skills workshop offered by CPSP were included. The video recording of clinical encounter was done by a trained audiovisual person while the resident was interacting with the patient in the clinical encounter...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485911/leadership-primer-for-current-and-aspiring-pulmonary-critical-care-and-sleep-medicine-academic-division-chiefs
#20
H Bryant Nguyen, Carey C Thomson, Naftali Kaminski, Lynn M Schnapp, J Mark Madison, Robb W Glenny, Anne E Dixon
An academic medical career traditionally revolves around patient care, teaching, and scholarly projects. Thus, when an opportunity for a leadership role arises, such as Division Chief, the new leader is often unprepared with little or no formal leadership training. In this article, academic leaders of the Association of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Division Directors reviewed several leadership concepts adapted from the business sector and applied years of their experience to aid new division chiefs with their first day on the job...
February 27, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
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