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Refugees and their Identity Problem

Kari A Hartwig, Meghan Mason
Refugees and new immigrants arriving in the United States (U.S.) often encounter a multitude of stressors adjusting to a new country and potentially coping with past traumas. Community gardens have been celebrated for their role in improving physical and emotional health, and in the Twin Cities of Minnesota, have been offered as a resource to immigrants and refugees. The purpose of this study is to present a mixed method evaluation of a refugee gardening project hosted by area churches serving primarily Karen and Bhutanese populations...
April 16, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Edward J Alessi, Sarilee Kahn, Sangeeta Chatterji
Numerous studies demonstrate that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) children and youth are likely to experience abuse by peers, parents, and other adults and that these experiences correlate with a host of mental health problems. However, there is little understanding of the experiences of LGBT children and youth living in countries where social and legal protections for sexual and gender minorities are limited or nonexistent. This qualitative study used thematic analysis to explore the child and adolescent abuse experiences and their impact on the pre-migration mental health of LGBT forced migrants...
January 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
Erica Caple James
In this article, I seek to show how states of insecurity provoked by ongoing social, economic, and political ruptures in Haiti can disorder individual subjectivity and generate the flight of individuals seeking asylum within and across borders. Nongovernmental actors working in Haiti and with Haitians in the diaspora frequently managed the long-term psychosocial effects of insecurity. Their interventions can range from repressive to compassionate and influence the formation of identity and the embodied experiences of trauma for vulnerable Haitians...
September 2011: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
S Hultsjö, K Hjelm
BACKGROUND: During the past few decades Sweden has developed into a multicultural society. The proportion of patients with different cultural backgrounds increases, which naturally makes new demands on health care staff. AIM: To identify whether staff in somatic and psychiatric emergency care experienced problems in the care of migrants, and if so to compare these. METHOD: The study design was explorative. Focus group interviews of 22 women and 13 men working as nurses and assistant nurses at an emergency ward, an ambulance service and a psychiatric intensive care unit were held...
December 2005: International Nursing Review
Louise O Sister Lears, Jean Sister Abbott
Although many of the more than 17 million refugees and asylum seekers worldwide are injured or hungry, many more of them suffer from psychological harm because of torture, psychological violation, forced displacement, rape, and extended deprivation. As a result, many resettled refugees in the United States are at significantly higher risk of developing mental health problems due to both the trauma from which they fled and the challenge of adjusting to their new lives. Because of its emphasis on the individual, the Western model of psychotherapy may seem foreign to many refugee populations...
January 2005: Health Progress
Manuela Barreto, Russell Spears, Naomi Ellemers, Khosrow Shahinper
Statements of social identification among ethnic minority members were examined as a function of group membership of the participants, group membership of the audience, and personal identifiability. In Study 1, Turkish migrants and Iranian refugees in the Netherlands expressed their identification with native and host groups as a function of the audience implicit in the language of the questionnaire (native, host). Turks stressed identification both with native and with the host group more to the host audience, whereas Iranians did not...
June 2003: British Journal of Social Psychology
T Francisković, L Moro, I Torić, I Urlić, I Roncević-Grzeta, T Tić-Bacić
Traumatic experience has overall far reaching consequences on personality. In particular, it has significant impact on teenagers that are just approaching the phase of solving their identity problems. This research examines the relation of traumatic experience and attitude towards the future in two groups of adolescents. The first group consists of 20 adolescents-refugees from the East Slavonia that were settled in Rijeka area with their parents during the last six years. The second group consists of 20 adolescent's local inhabitants that were influenced by the war only indirectly...
December 2000: Collegium Antropologicum
M T Fullilove
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to describe the psychological processes that are affected by geographic displacement. METHOD: The literature from the fields of geography, psychology, anthropology, and psychiatry was reviewed to develop a "psychology of place" and to determine the manner in which place-related psychological processes are affected by upheaval in the environment. RESULTS: The psychology of place is an emerging area of research that explores the connection between individuals and their intimate environments...
December 1996: American Journal of Psychiatry
M Demedts, P Van den Brande, A Gyselen
Tuberculosis (tb) mortality, morbidity and infection prevalence were very high in Belgium and in the other industrialised countries during the previous century, and the first half of this century. Therefore tb was an "export" pathology, especially towards developing countries. At the end of this century tb-epidemiological indices reached very low levels in the Western world, while tb became endemic in several non-Western countries and so it actually has become an "import" pathology. In the USA, as well as in many European countries, the tb-morbidity incidence started to increase again about ten years ago...
1995: Verhandelingen—Koninklijke Academie Voor Geneeskunde Van België
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