keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

magnesium citrate

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422036/physicochemical-factors-of-the-urine-of-children-with-hypercalciuria
#1
Mercedes Ubetagoyena-Arrieta, Jorge Martínez Sáenz de Jubera, María Nieves Corera-Casty, Eduardo González Pérez-Yarza, Irati García-Albizua
OBJECTIVE: Hypercalciuria is a common lithogenic risk factor. The aim of this study was, first, to study the characteristics of urine biochemical factors of children with hypercalciuria (HC) and compare them with those of children without hypercalciuria. Second, to analyze the differences between children with HC and lithiasis (HCL) and children with HC and no lithiasis (HCNL). METHODS: The sample was composed by 111 cases with HC, divided into 2 groups: HCNL group, consisting of 93 cases with no personal history of kidney stones, and HCL group, 18 cases with personal history of kidney stones...
April 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331937/whey-protein-and-albumin-effects-upon-urinary-risk-factors-for-stone-formation
#2
Camila Mithie Hattori, Hans-Göran Tiselius, Ita Pfeferman Heilberg
Protein supplements are consumed for an expected increase in muscle mass and improved exercise performance, but as their impact on lithogenic parameters are unknown, we aimed to evaluate the effects of Whey protein (WP) and Albumin upon the risk factors for nephrolithiasis. WP or Albumin supplements (one scoop/day) were administered for 3 days to 18 healthy volunteers, with 1-week washout period between them. Serum and 24-h urine samples were collected at baseline and after completing each intervention. All participants were asked to replicate their baseline diet during the subsequent urine collection...
March 22, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324150/stress-stones-stress-recurrent-stones-a-self-propagating-cycle-difficulties-in-solving-this-dichotomy
#3
Montserrat Arzoz-Fabregas, Josep Roca-Antonio, Luis Ibarz-Servio, Dalielah Jappie-Mahomed, Allen Rodgers
Numerous studies have reported an association between stress and urolithiasis. Although urinary risk factors have been measured in several of these, compelling evidence of a causal relationship has not been established. A shortcoming is that alterations in single urinary parameters rather than ratios and quotients, which provide a more synergistic risk evaluation, have been measured. Recently, we speculated about a possible association between chronic stress and stone recurrence. This presents an intriguing dichotomy of whether stress causes stones or vice versa, or whether they are linked in a self-propagating stress-stones-stress-recurrence cycle...
March 21, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258359/concentration-of-zinc-copper-iron-calcium-and-magnesium-in-the-serum-tissues-and-urine-of-streptozotocin-induced-mild-diabetic-rat-model
#4
Tahiry Gómez, Leticia Bequer, Angel Mollineda, José L Molina, Alain Álvarez, Mayrelis Lavastida, Sonia Clapés
The present study aimed to investigate, in the streptozotocin-induced mild diabetic rat model, the zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), calcium (Ca), and magnesium (Mg) concentration in serum, liver, and kidney tissues, and urine samples from adult Wistar rats treated neonatally with streptozotocin (STZ). Diabetes was induced by subcutaneous administration of streptozotocin (100 mg/Kg) in female Wistar rats of 2 days old (STZ, n = 10). Control group (CG, n = 10) received only sodium-citrate buffer. The mineral concentrations were measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry...
March 3, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218351/the-role-of-ionized-calcium-and-magnesium-in-regional-citrate-anticoagulation-and-its-impact-on-inflammatory-parameters
#5
Karin Strobl, Stephan Harm, Viktoria Weber, Jens Hartmann
INTRODUCTION: Regional anticoagulation with citrate has been found to be superior to heparin in terms of biocompatibility, and numerous protocols for regional citrate anticoagulation have been published, while a consensus on the target concentration of ionized calcium (Ca2+) in the extracorporeal circuit has not been reached so far. METHODS: The aim of this in vitro study was to assess the impact of different citrate concentrations on coagulation as well as on complement activation and cytokine secretion and to investigate the impact of ionized magnesium (Mg2+) on these parameters...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180009/pseudothrombocytopenia-with-multiple-anticoagulant-sample-collection-tubes
#6
REVIEW
Ferenc Kovacs, Marina Varga, Zsolt Pataki, Erzsebet Rigo
The knowledge of pseudothrombocytopenia (PTCP) is important for the accuracy of a clinical assessment and for avoiding unnecessary treatment. An elderly patient was hospitalized with left lung pneumonia. Severe thrombocytopenia [platelet (PLT) number: 18 × 10(9)/L] without any clinical bleeding was found in ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid blood collection tube. PLT measurement was repeated in various anticoagulant [sodium citrate, lithium heparin, disodium oxalate, hirudin, and magnesium sulfate (Mg-sulfate)] sample collection tubes and all of them showed thrombocytopenia except with Mg-sulfate...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135896/enhanced-dissolution-of-sildenafil-citrate-as-dry-foam-tablets
#7
Somchai Sawatdee, Apichart Atipairin, Attawadee Sae Yoon, Teerapol Srichana, Narumon Changsan
Dry foam formulation technology is alternative approach to enhance dissolution of the drug. Sildenafil citrate was suspended in sodium dodecyl sulfate solution and adding a mixture of maltodextrin and mannitol as diluent to form a paste. Sildenafil citrate paste was passed through a nozzle spray bottle to obtain smooth foam. The homogeneous foam was dried in a vacuum oven and sieved to obtain dry foam granules. The granules were mixed with croscarmellose sodium, magnesium stearate and compressed into tablet...
January 30, 2017: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073210/the-importance-of-citrates-in-treatment-and-prophylaxis-of-calcium-oxalate-urinary-stones
#8
Michele Barbera, Andreas Tsirgiotis, Mauro Barbera, Quintino Paola
About 10% of the people is the subject of an episode of kidney stones during their lifetime, about 70% of these people undergoes relapses. About 80% of the urinary stones contains calcium, of wich 80% is formed of calcium oxalate, in pure form or associated with calcium phosphate. Therefore we can saythat in most cases (about 65%) the urinary stones are composedof calcium oxalate. Use of supplements of potassium citrate and magnesium citrate can help in the prevention of kidney stones of calcium oxalate, but mostly they can be used in the days before a shockwaves lithotripsy treatment to make the stones more fragile to the effect of the shock waves...
December 30, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055031/a-customized-mobile-application-in-colonoscopy-preparation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Ala I Sharara, Jean M Chalhoub, Maya Beydoun, Rani H Shayto, Hamed Chehab, Ali H Harb, Fadi H Mourad, Fayez S Sarkis
OBJECTIVES: Adherence with diet and prescribed purgative is essential for proper cleansing with low-volume bowel preparations. The aim of this work was to assess the effect of a customized mobile application (App) on adherence and quality of bowel preparation. METHODS: One hundred and sixty (160) eligible patients scheduled for elective colonoscopy were randomly assigned to paper (control) or App-based instructions. The preparation consisted of low-fiber diet for 2 days, clear fluids for one day and split-dose sodium picosulfate/magnesium citrate (SPS)...
January 5, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030601/calcium-mass-balance-during-citrate-hemodialysis-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-normal-and-low-ionized-calcium-target-ranges
#10
Jakob Gubensek, Alesa Orsag, Rafael Ponikvar, Jadranka Buturovic-Ponikvar
BACKGROUND: Regional citrate anticoagulation (RCA) during hemodialysis interferes with calcium homeostasis. Optimal ionized calcium (iCa) target range during RCA and consequent calcium balance are unknown. METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial (ACTRN12613001029785) 30 chronic hemodialysis patients were assigned to normal (1.1-1.2 mmol/) or low (0.95-1.05 mmol/l) iCa target range during a single hemodialysis with RCA. The primary outcome was calcium mass balance during the procedure, using a partial spent dialysate collection method; magnesium mass balance was also measured...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019093/creatine-and-creatine-forms-intended-for-sports-nutrition
#11
REVIEW
Susanne Andres, Rainer Ziegenhagen, Iris Trefflich, Sophie Pevny, Katharina Schultrich, Hans Braun, Wilhelm Schänzer, Karen Ildico Hirsch-Ernst, Bernd Schäfer, Alfonso Lampen
Creatine is a popular ergogenic supplement in sports nutrition. Yet, supplementation of creatine occasionally caused adverse effects such as gastrointestinal complaints, muscle cramps and an increase in body weight. Creatine monohydrate has already been evaluated by different competent authorities and several have come to the conclusion that a daily intake of 3 g creatine per person is unlikely to pose safety concerns, focusing on healthy adults with exclusion of pregnant and breastfeeding women. Possible vulnerable subgroups were also discussed in relation to the safety of creatine...
December 25, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995107/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-adding-magnesium-chloride-to-conventional-protocol-of-citrate-alkali-therapy-on-kidney-stone-size
#12
Hassan Niroomand, Amin Ziaee, Keivan Ziaee, Alaleh Gheissari
BACKGROUND: Potassium citrate (K-Cit) is one of the therapeutic solutions broadly used in patients with urolithiasis. However, recent studies have shown that it is not so effective. Therefore, the goal of our study was to evaluate the effect of a combination of K-Cit - MgCl2 oral supplements, on urinary stone size. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed on 70 asymptomatic urolithiasis cases. The supplements included K-Cit and magnesium chloride (MgCl2), purchased from (Merck Company, Germany)...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932479/progress-in-understanding-the-genetics-of-calcium-containing-nephrolithiasis
#13
John A Sayer
Renal stone disease is a frequent condition, causing a huge burden on health care systems globally. Calcium-based calculi account for around 75% of renal stone disease and the incidence of these calculi is increasing, suggesting environmental and dietary factors are acting upon a preexisting genetic background. The familial nature and significant heritability of stone disease is known, and recent genetic studies have successfully identified genes that may be involved in renal stone formation. The detection of monogenic causes of renal stone disease has been made more feasible by the use of high-throughput sequencing technologies and has also facilitated the discovery of novel monogenic causes of stone disease...
March 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928809/efficacy-of-medical-expulsive-therapy-in-renal-calculi-less-than-or-equal-to-5-millimetres-in-size
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sudarshan Daga, Vinayak G Wagaskar, Harshawardhan Tanwar, Umesh Shelke, Bhushan Patil, Sujata Patwardhan
PURPOSE: Natural history and modality of treatment for asymptomatic renal calculi less than or equal to 5 millimetres in size is still unknown. Many options are available ranging from medical expulsive therapy to minimally invasive surgery. Till date no study has focussed on this very common but asymptomatic issue. Hence, this study is undertaken to evaluate efficacy of medical expulsive therapy in renal calculi less than or equal to 5mm in size. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, parallel group, randomized study was carried out from 1st June 2014 to 31st May 2015, with total of 100 patients, 50 patients in each group...
December 8, 2016: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900407/do-inhibitors-of-crystallisation-play-any-role-in-the-prevention-of-kidney-stones-a-critique
#15
REVIEW
William G Robertson
A critical examination of data in the literature and in as yet unpublished laboratory records on the possible role of so-called inhibitors of crystallisation in preventing the formation of calcium-containing kidney stones leads to the following conclusions. So-called inhibitors of spontaneous "self-nucleation" are unlikely to play any role in the initiation of the crystallisation of CaOx or CaP in urine because excessive urinary supersaturation of urine with respect to these salts dominates the onset of "self-nucleation" within the normal time frame of the transit of tubular fluid through the nephron (3-4 min)...
February 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784865/rapid-multi-residue-analysis-of-pesticides-in-pulses-by-lc-ms-ms
#16
Keiko Iwakoshi, Kenji Otsuka, Yasuhiro Tamura, Sanae Tomizawa, Tamako Masubuchi, Yumiko Yamaki, Yukiko Nakagawa, Ryoko Masuda, Shota Suto, Yoshie Kokaji, Tetsuya Shindo, Ichiro Takano
Rapid multi-residue analysis of pesticides in pulses was developed using LC-MS/MS. Pesticide residues in 5 g of homogenized pulses were extracted with 30 mL of acetonitrile and salted out with 4 g of anhydrous magnesium sulfate and 2 g of sodium chloride in the presence of citrate buffer in a disposable tube. The resulting residues were extracted with 30 mL of acetonitrile, and co-extractives were removed on a handmade four-layer column, consisting of a layer of Z-Sep/C18 (20 mg/50 mg) dry particles on top of a three-layer, custom-made (pre-packed) column (lower bed: 60 mg of PSA, middle bed: 30 mg of GC, and top bed: 60 mg of C18) packed in a 10 mm internal diameter polypropylene column (3 mL)...
2016: Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi. Journal of the Food Hygienic Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782976/the-use-of-mechanical-bowel-preparation-in-pelvic-reconstructive-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Amos O Adelowo, Michele R Hacker, Anna M Modest, Costa A Apostolis, Anthony J Disciullo, Katherine J Hanaway, Eman E Elkadry, Peter L Rosenblatt, Kathleen J Rogers, Lekha S Hota
OBJECTIVE: To compare mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) using oral magnesium citrate with sodium phosphate enema to sodium phosphate (NaP) enema alone during minimally invasive pelvic reconstructive surgery. METHODS: We conducted a single-blind, randomized controlled trial of MBP versus NaP in women undergoing minimally invasive pelvic reconstructive surgery. The primary outcome was intraoperative quality of the surgical field. Secondary outcomes included surgeon assessment of bowel handling and patient-reported tolerability symptoms...
January 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752627/upper-airway-obstruction-resulting-from-acute-mucosal-injury-induced-by-direct-ingestion-of-sodium-picosulfate-magnesium-citrate-powder
#18
Gyeong Bo Kim, Sung Yeon Hwang, Tae Gun Shin, Tae Rim Lee, Won Chul Cha, Min Seob Sim, Ik Joon Jo, Keun Jeong Song, Joong Eui Rhee, Yeon Kwon Jeong
A 59-year-old man presented to the emergency department with a chief complaint of sore throat after swallowing sodium picosulfate/magnesium citrate powder for bowel preparation, without first dissolving it in water. The initial evaluation showed significant mucosal injury involving the oral cavity, pharynx, and epiglottis. Endotracheal intubation was performed for airway protection in the emergency department, because the mucosal swelling resulted in upper airway compromise. After conservative treatment in the intensive care unit, he underwent tracheostomy because stenosis of the supraglottic and subglottic areas was not relieved...
June 2016: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744630/metabolic-risk-factors-in-pediatric-stone-formers-a-report-from-an-emerging-economy
#19
Kiran Imran, Mirza Naqi Zafar, Uzma Ozair, Sadia Khan, Syed Adibul Hasan Rizvi
The goal of this study was to investigate metabolic risk factors in pediatric stone formers in an emerging economy. A prospective, data collection enrolled 250 children age <1-15 years at our center. Risk factors were evaluated by gender and in age groups <1-5, 6-10 and 11-15 years. Patients were evaluated for demographics, blood and 24 h urine for calcium, magnesium, phosphate, uric acid, electrolytes and additional protein, citrate, ammonia and oxalate in urine. All reported values were two sided and statistical significance was considered at p value ≤0...
October 15, 2016: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736795/preparation-regimen-is-more-important-than-patient-related-factors-a-randomized-trial-comparing-a-standard-bowel-preparation-before-colonoscopy-with-an-individualized-approach
#20
T Voiosu, Alina Tanţău, A Voiosu, Andreea Benguş, Cristina Mocanu, Bianca Smarandache, C Baicuş, Ioana Vişovan, B Mateescu
BACKGROUND: Optimal bowel preparation is one of the most important factors affecting the quality of colonoscopy. Several patient-related factors are known to influence the quality of bowel cleansing but randomized trials in this area are lacking. We aimed to compare an individualized bowel prep strategy based on patient characteristics to a standard preparation regimen. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted an endoscopist-blinded multicenter randomized control-trial...
March 1, 2017: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
keyword
keyword
37029
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"