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Heriberto Camero-Martínez, Aída Inés López-García, Daniela Rivero-Yeverino, Chrystopherson Gengyny Caballero-López, Oswaldo Arana-Muñoz, Sergio Papaqui-Tapia, Isabel Cristina Rojas-Méndez, Elizabeth Vázquez-Rojas
BACKGROUND: Food allergy is deemed to have a worldwide prevalence ranging from 2 to 10 %. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of skin reactivity to food allergens by age groups. METHODS: Cross-sectional, descriptive, prolective, observational study. Patients aged from 2 to 64 years with symptoms consistent with allergic disease were included. Skin prick tests were carried out with food allergens. Frequencies and percentages were estimated...
July 2017: Revista Alergia Mexico: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Mexicana de Alergia e Inmunología, A.C
Canan Altay, Mustafa Seçil, Tevfik Demir, Tahir Atik, Gülçin Akıncı, Nilüfer Özdemir Kutbay, Ela Keskin Temeloğlu, Ilgın Yıldırım Şimşir, Seçil Özışık, Leyla Demir, Erdal Eren, Emine Burçin Tuna, Hasibe Aytaç, Hüseyin Onay, Barış Akıncı
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate residual adipose tissue with whole-body magnetic resonance imaging to differentiate between subtypes of lipodystrophy. METHODS: A total of 32 patients (12 with congenital generalized lipodystrophy [CGL], 1 with acquired generalized lipodystrophy [AGL], 12 with familial partial lipodystrophy [FPLD], and 7 with acquired partial lipodystrophy [APL]) were included. RESULTS: Despite generalized loss of metabolically active adipose tissue, patients with CGL1 caused by AGPAT2 mutations had a significant amount of residual adipose tissue in the scalp, earlobes, retro-orbital region, and palms and soles...
October 18, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
Kemal Tuna Olğaç, Ergun Akçay, Beste Çil, Burak Mehmet Uçar, Ali Daşkın
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of thermographic monitoring, using the temperature changes of perianal and perivulvar areas for the determination of estrus in Anatolian Shepherd bitches. Fifteen bitches were used in the study. Blood and vaginal smear samples were collected and thermographic monitoring of perianal and perivulvar areas were carried out starting from proestrus to early diestrus. Also, external signs of estrus were investigated. Smear samples were evaluated by light microscopy after Diff-Quik staining method and superficial and keratinized superficial cells were determined as percentage (S + KS%)...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
Tuna Demirdal, Ümmü Sena Sarı, Salih Atakan Nemli, Serap Ural, Sibel El
Visceral leishmaniasis is an endemic disease in many parts of world, and if untreated, it is a potentially life-threatening infectious disease. It is similar to chronic liver disease because of signs and symptoms such as fever, weight loss, hepatosplenomegaly, and pancytopenia. In this study, we present a case of visceral leishmaniasis, which is known to be a chronic hepatitis B infection, that was coincidentally diagnosed with liver biopsy. Visceral leishmaniasis should be considered as an infectious disease in the differential diagnosis of chronic liver diseases...
September 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
K Wood, E Mantzioris, B Lingwood, J Couper, M Makrides, R A Gibson, B S Muhlhausler
BACKGROUND: Animal studies have suggested that an increased supply of omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA), in particular docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), during the perinatal period can prevent later excess body fat mass. However, previous human studies have produced inconsistent findings, and few have assessed potential effects beyond 6 years of age. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of supplementing women in the second half of pregnancy with omega-3 LCPUFA, chiefly as DHA, on the percentage body fat of children at 7 years of age, as assessed by two methods: air displacement plethysmography (BOD POD) and bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS)...
September 22, 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
Sappasith Klomklao, Soottawat Benjakul
Two trypsins (A and B) from the liver of albacore tuna (Thunnus alalunga) were purified to homogeneity using a series of column chromatographies including Sephacryl S-200, Sephadex G-50 and Diethylaminoethyl-cellulose. Purity was increased to 80.35- and 101.23-fold with approximately 3.1 and 19.2% yield for trypsins A and B, respectively. The molecular weights of trypsins A and B were estimated to be 21 and 24kDa, respectively, by SDS-PAGE and size exclusion chromatography. Both trypsins showed only one band on native-PAGE...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Jakub Krejcik, Kristine A Frerichs, Inger S Nijhof, Berris van Kessel, Jeroen van Velzen, Andries C Bloem, Marloes Broekmans, Sonja Zweegman, Johan van Meerloo, René J Musters, Pino Poddighe, Richard Groen, Christopher Chiu, Torben Plesner, Henk M Lokhorst, A Kate Sasser, Tuna Mutis, Niels W C J van de Donk
PURPOSE: Daratumumab treatment results in a marked reduction of CD38 expression on multiple myeloma (MM) cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical implications and the underlying mechanisms of daratumumab-mediated CD38 reduction. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We evaluated the effect of daratumumab alone or in combination with lenalidomide-dexamethasone, on CD38 levels of MM cells and non-tumor immune cells in the GEN501 study (daratumumab monotherapy) and the GEN503 study (daratumumab combined with lenalidomide-dexamethasone)...
October 12, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Yangyang Liu, Susan Buchanan, Henry A Anderson, Zhiwen Xiao, Victoria Persky, Mary E Turyk
BACKGROUND: MeHg is a well-established neurotoxicant for fetal brain growth and development and has been shown to increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in aging populations. In the U.S., Asian populations are of particular concern because of their seafood consumption behaviors. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to calculate the average daily MeHg intake (ADMI) from seafood and to assess the relationship between ADMI with blood methylmercury (BMeHg) concentrations, specifically among women of reproductive age (WORA) and adults ≥ 50 years of age...
October 8, 2017: Environmental Research
María de Jesús Ibarra-Salas, Hilda Irene Novelo-Huerta, Marcela Alejandra De León-Salas, Mayra Elisa Sánchez-Murillo, María Del Carmen Mata-Obregón, Aurora de Jesús Garza-Juárez
other: Existe evidencia que apoya la utilidad clínica de que el índice glucémico (IG) y la carga glucémica (CG) podrían ser importantes en la prevención de enfermedades crónicas. Objetivo: Determinar el IG y la CG del fruto de Opuntia ficus-indica (tuna). Metodología: Se realizó un estudio analítico, transversal, con 25 voluntarios sanos con valores normales de índice de masa corporal, glucosa, hemoglobina glucosilada, colesterol y triglicéridos séricos, que mediante consentimiento informado aceptaron participar...
2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
Benedict M Gardner, David M King, Floriana Tuna, Ashley J Wooles, Nicholas F Chilton, Stephen T Liddle
We report the synthesis and characterisation of a family of diuranium(iv)-μ-chalcogenide complexes including a detailed examination of their electronic structures and magnetic behaviours. Treatment of [U(Tren(TIPS))] [1, Tren(TIPS) = N(CH2CH2NSiPr(i)3)3] with Ph3PS, selenium or tellurium affords the diuranium(iv)-sulfide, selenide, and telluride complexes [{U(Tren(TIPS))}2(μ-E)] (E = S, 2; Se, 5; Te, 6). Complex 2 is also formed by treatment of [U(Tren(TIPS)){OP(NMe2)3}] (3) with Ph3PS, whereas treatment of 3 with elemental sulfur gives the diuranium(iv)-persulfido complex [{U(Tren(TIPS))}2(μ-η(2):η(2)-S2)] (4)...
September 1, 2017: Chemical Science
Amy L Lusher, Gema Hernandez-Milian, Simon Berrow, Emer Rogan, Ian O'Connor
Interactions between marine mammals and plastic debris have been the focus of studies for many years. Examples of interactions include entanglement in discarded fishing items or the presence of ingested debris in digestive tracts. Plastics, including microplastics, are a form of marine debris globally distributed in coastal areas, oceanic waters and deep seas. Cetaceans which strand along the coast present a unique opportunity to study interactions between animals with macro- and microplastics. A combination of novel techniques and a review of historical data was used to complete an extensive study of cetaceans interacting with marine debris within Irish waters...
October 5, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Dalal A Aloraini, Gharam A Alharshan, Aljawharah H Almuqrin, Hanan Al-Ghamdi, Khaled M El-Azony
Twenty-six brands of canned tuna and sardines imported from several countries in Southeast Asia to consume in the KSA. All samples were prepared and analyzed by using a High Pure Germanium Detector of 40% efficiency. Natural radionuclides 40K, 238U (226Ra) and 232Th(228Ra) series were observed with a varying range in all analyzed samples. The values found to be 192.3 ± 14.6, 1.5 ± 0.8 and 1.0 ± 0.6 Bq kg-1 for canned tuna and 219.8 ± 15.8, 0.37 ± 0.3 and 1.2 ± 0.3 Bq kg-1 for canned sardines, respectively...
July 14, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Omur Tabak, Gonul Simsek, Fusun Erdenen, Volkan Sozer, Tuna Hasoglu, Remise Gelisgen, Esma Altunoglu, Cuneyt Muderrisoglu, Abdulhalim Senyigit, Hafize Uzun
OBJECTIVE: We wanted to investigate whether there is a relationship between circulating irisin, retinol binding protein-4 (RBP-4), adiponectin and proinflammatory mediators implicated in the development of insulin resistance (IR) in metabolic syndrome (MetS). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In 180 individuals, including controls and patients with MetS, we measured fasting plasma insulin, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), pentraxin-3 (PTX-3), interleukin-33 (IL-33), irisin, RBP-4, and adiponectin using ELISA kits...
September 18, 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Francisco José Fernández-Fernández, Eugenia Ameneiros-Lago, Cintia Tuñas-Gesto, Inmaculada Gómez-Buela
To date, there are no sufficient data to make firm recommendations on the treatment of patients with severe thrombocytopenia who require antiplatelet therapy after experiencing acute coronary syndrome. Therefore, we think that it is important to communicate the experience with individual cases. We report the case of a patient who presented with pericardial effusion causing cardiac tamponade. He had thrombocytopenia associated with myelodysplastic syndrome, and ten weeks before this admission, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty with implantation of drug-eluting stents was performed for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome...
2017: Acta Medica (Hradec Králové)
Alp Tuna Beksac, Emine Aydin, Ceren Orhan, Ergun Karaagaoglu, Turkan Akbayrak
INTRODUCTION: Urinary Incontinence (UI) in pregnancy is more than a disease; it is a social problem that necessitates special care and management. The exact rationales and biological facts behind urinary incontinence during pregnancy are unclear and multivariate. AIM: This pilot study was designed to examine the direct effect of gestational factors (e.g., physical and metabolic/hormonal) on the presence of Gestational Urinary Incontinence (GUI), in nulliparous pregnant women...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Shui-Kai Chang, Hung-I Liu, Hiromu Fukuda, Mark N Maunder
Catch-per-unit-effort (CPUE) is often the main piece of information used in fisheries stock assessment; however, the catch and effort data that are traditionally compiled from commercial logbooks can be incomplete or unreliable due to many reasons. Pacific bluefin tuna (PBF) is a seasonal target species in the Taiwanese longline fishery. Since 2010, detailed catch information for each PBF has been made available through a catch documentation scheme. However, previously, only market landing data with a low coverage of logbooks were available...
2017: PloS One
Mukti Zainuddin, Aisjah Farhum, Safruddin Safruddin, Muhammad Banda Selamat, Sudirman Sudirman, Nurjannah Nurdin, Mega Syamsuddin, Muhammad Ridwan, Sei-Ichi Saitoh
Using remote sensing of sea surface temperature (SST), sea surface height anomaly (SSHA) and chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) together with catch data, we investigated the detection and persistence of important pelagic habitat hotspots for skipjack tuna in the Gulf of Bone-Flores Sea, Indonesia. We analyzed the data for the period between the northwest and southeast monsoon 2007-2011. A pelagic hotspot index was constructed from a model of multi-spectrum satellite-based oceanographic data in relation to skipjack fishing performance...
2017: PloS One
Lilian Wiens, Sheena Banh, Emianka Sotiri, Martin Jastroch, Barbara A Block, Martin D Brand, Jason R Treberg
Recently we demonstrated that the capacity of isolated muscle mitochondria to produce reactive oxygen species, measured as H2O2 efflux, is temperature-sensitive in isolated muscle mitochondria of ectothermic fish and the rat, a representative endothermic mammal. However, at physiological temperatures (15° and 37°C for the fish and rat, respectively), the fraction of total mitochondrial electron flux that generated H2O2, the fractional electron leak (FEL), was far lower in the rat than in fish. Those results suggested that the elevated body temperatures associated with endothermy may lead to a compensatory decrease in mitochondrial ROS production relative to respiratory capacity...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
Mahdi Hashemi, Zahra Nazari, Nooshin Noshirvani
A novel chitosan molecularly imprinted polymers (CHI/MIPs) coated on Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) for selective solid phase extraction (SPE) of histamine (His) was synthesized by cross-linking of CHI with (3-Glycidyloxypropyl) trimethoxysilane (GPTMS) in the presence of His as the template molecule, and GPTMS/MNPS. Synthesized sorbent was characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, FT-IR and via adsorption kinetics and adsorption isotherms. The application of this sorbent was investigated in preconcentration and spectrophotometric determination of His by charge transfer complexation...
December 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Mert Esme, Burcu Balam Yavuz, Bunyamin Yavuz, Serkan Asil, Rana Tuna Dogrul, Fatih Sumer, Mustafa Kemal Kilic, Muhammet Cemal Kizilarslanoglu, Hacer Dogan Varan, Aykut Sagir, Cafer Balci, Meltem Halil, Mustafa Cankurtaran
Background: Masked hypertension is described as high ambulatory blood pressure measurements (ABPM) where office blood pressure measurements are normal. Effect of hypertension on cognitive functions is well known. However, the effect of masked hypertension on cognitive functions is unclear. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between masked hypertension and cognitive functions. Methods: One hundred-two normotensive patients admitted to the Geriatric Medicine outpatient clinic were included...
August 8, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
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