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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427493/hair-mercury-levels-and-their-relationship-with-seafood-consumption-among-preschool-children-in-shanghai
#1
Jin Yan, Zhen Yan Gao, Ju Wang, Chong Huai Yan
Mercury is a global pollutant. Children are vulnerable to environmental toxicants. Seafood consumption is a major source of methylmercury exposure. In order to ascertain children's mercury exposure levels and study their relationship with seafood consumption, we conducted a cross-sectional study among preschool children in Shanghai. According to our data, the geometric mean of the mercury levels in children's hair was 191.9 (95% CI: 181.8, 202.4) μg/kg. These results indicate that high income may be a predictor of elevated mercury levels in children's hair...
March 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424628/branchial-pathomorphology-of-southern-bluefin-tuna-thunnus-maccoyii-castelnau-1872-infected-by-helminth-and-copepodan-parasites
#2
Mark B Adams, Craig J Hayward, Barbara F Nowak
Three metazoan parasites, a monogenean Hexostoma thynni and two species of copepods Pseudocycnus appendiculatus and Euryphorus brachypterus are known to parasitize the gills of ranched southern bluefin tuna (SBT) and other tuna species. However, there is no detailed information describing the pathological response to infection by these parasites in this species. Wild southern bluefin tuna Thunnus maccoyii (approximately 3 years of age), captured and towed to a grow-out site in the waters immediately south of Port Lincoln, South Australia were subsequently sampled (n = 10) monthly from March until August 2004 during commercial harvest operations...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424440/gemcitabine-induced-coronary-vasospasm-a-case-report
#3
Mahmut Tuna Katırcıbaşı, Aynur Eken
Gemcitabine is a chemotherapy drug. It is a nucleoside analogue that is usually well tolerated by patients, with myelosuppression (especially thrombocytopenia) as dose-limiting side effect. Other mild to moderate side effects include alopecia, vomiting, nausea, rash, and fever. Coronary ischemia is the most common cardiotoxic effect of gemcitabine, which is due to its antimetabolites. While underlying cause of coronary ischemia following use of gemcitabine is uncertain, endothelial dysfunction and coronary thrombosis are potential explanations...
March 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424314/muscle-biochemistry-of-a-pelagic-delphinid-stenella-longirostris-longirostris-insight-into-fishery-induced-separation-of-mothers-and-calves
#4
Shawn R Noren, Kristi West
The length of time required for postnatal maturation of the locomotor muscle (longissimus dorsi) biochemistry [myoglobin (Mb) content and buffering capacity] in marine mammals typically varies with nursing duration, but it can be accelerated by species-specific behavioral demands, such as deep-diving and sub-ice transit. We examined how the swimming demands of a pelagic lifestyle influence postnatal maturation of Mb and buffering capacity in spinner dolphins (Stenella longirostris longirostris). Mb content of newborn (1...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424000/heavy-metals-and-pahs-in-canned-fish-supplies-on-the-serbian-market
#5
Nikolina J Novakov, Željko A Mihaljev, Brankica D Kartalović, Bojan J Blagojević, Jelana M Petrović, Miroslav A Ćirković, Dragan R Rogan
The aim of this study was to determine the level of heavy metals and PAHs in 57 samples of canned tuna, 25 samples of canned sardines and 16 samples of canned smoked sprouts, collected from supermarkets in Serbia. Heavy metal levels (lead, cadmium, mercury, arsenic, iron, copper and zinc) were determined using an ICP-MS method. Sixteen analyzed PAHs were determined using a GC-MS method. The trace elements in canned fish were in the range (mg kg(-1)) of 0.01-0.28 for lead, 0.003-0.08 for cadmium, 0.007-0.64 for mercury, 0...
April 20, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423938/validation-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-quick-mild-cognitive-impairment-screen
#6
Burcu Balam Yavuz, Hacer Dogan Varan, Rónán O'Caoimh, Muhammet Cemal Kizilarslanoglu, Mustafa Kemal Kilic, D William Molloy, Rana Tuna Dogrul, Erdem Karabulut, Anton Svendrovski, Aykut Sağır, Eylem Sahin Cankurtaran, Yusuf Yesil, Mehmet Emin Kuyumcu, Meltem Halil, Mustafa Cankurtaran
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to validate the Turkish version of the Quick Mild Cognitive Impairment (Q mci-TR) screen. METHODS: In total, 100 patients aged ≥65 years referred to a geriatric outpatient clinic with memory loss were included. The Q mci was compared to the Turkish versions of the standardized Mini-Mental State Examination and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). RESULTS: The Q mci-TR had higher accuracy than the MoCA in discriminating subjective memory complaints (SMCs) from cognitive impairment (mild cognitive impairment [MCI] or dementia), of borderline significance after adjusting for age and education ( P = ...
May 2017: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422289/dietary-tuna-dark-muscle-protein-attenuates-hepatic-steatosis-and-increases-serum-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-in-obese-type-2-diabetic-obese-kk-a-y-mice
#7
Hayato Maeda, Ryota Hosomi, Mari Fukuda, Yuki Ikeda, Munehiro Yoshida, Kenji Fukunaga
Tuna muscle consists of light and dark muscle in approximately equal proportions. However, besides for the light muscle of tuna, cod, sardine, and salmon, few researches have assessed the health-promoting functions of fish protein. Therefore, we evaluated the mechanisms underlying the alteration of lipid storage and cholesterol metabolism following the intake of tuna dark muscle protein (TDMP) by obese type-2 diabetic/obese mice. Four-week-old male KK-A(y) mice were separated into 2 dietary groups, with one group receiving a casein-based diet and the other receiving a diet with the substitution of part of the protein (50%, w/w) by TDMP (TDMP diet) for 4 wk...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419285/genomic-differentiation-and-demographic-histories-of-atlantic-and-indo-pacific-yellowfin-tuna-thunnus-albacares-populations
#8
J M I Barth, M Damerau, M Matschiner, S Jentoft, R Hanel
Recent developments in the field of genomics have provided new and powerful insights into population structure and dynamics that are essential for the conservation of biological diversity. As a commercially highly valuable species, the yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) is intensely exploited throughout its distribution in tropical oceans around the world, and is currently classified as near threatened. However, conservation efforts for this species have so far been hampered by limited knowledge of its population structure, due to incongruent results of previous investigations...
April 13, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415166/holmes-tremor-with-shoulder-pain-treated-by-deep-brain-stimulation-of-unilateral-ventral-intermediate-thalamic-nucleus-and-globus-pallidus-internus
#9
Sabri Aydın, Huseyin Canaz, Ezgi Tuna Erdogan, Nazlı Durmaz, Barıs Topcular
A 21-year-old male was admitted with severe right arm and hand tremors after a thalamic hemorrhage caused by a traffic accident. He was also suffering from agonizing pain in his right shoulder that manifested after the tremor. Neurologic examination revealed a disabling, severe, and irregular kinetic and postural tremor in the right arm during target-directed movements. There was also an irregular ipsilateral rest tremor and dystonic movements in the distal part of the right arm. The amplitude was moderate at rest and extremely high during kinetic and intentional movements...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414279/short-term-effects-of-radioiodine-therapy-on-auditory-function
#10
Deniz Tuna Edizer, Suat Bilici, Muhammet Yıldız, Özgür Yiğit, Tevfik Fikret Çermik
OBJECTIVE: Radioiodine therapy (RIT) is frequently utilized as an adjunctive treatment option for differentiated thyroid carcinoma following surgical intervention. The side effects of RIT are considered to emerge as a result of radioiodine accumulation in non-thyroidal tissues capable of iodine uptake. We aimed to evaluate the effects of RIT on auditory function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who had undergone total thyroidectomy and diagnosed to have differentiated thyroid carcinoma were analyzed...
April 17, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401101/warm-autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia-experience-from-a-single-referral-center-in-mexico-city
#11
Hernandez-Company Alonso, Anguiano-Alvarez Victor Manuel, Carmona Gonzalez Carlos Amir, Rodriguez-Rodriguez Sergio, Pomerantz Allan, Lopez-Karpovitch Xavier, Tuna-Aguilar Elena Juventina
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is characterized by an autoimmune-mediated destruction of red blood cells. Warm AIHA (wAIHA) represents 60% of AIHA cases and is associated with the positive detection of IgG and C3d in the direct antiglobulin test (DAT). This study aimed to assess the clinical and laboratorial differences between primary and secondary wAIHA patients from a referral center in Mexico City. METHODS: All patients diagnosed with wAIHA in our institution from January 1992 to December 2015 were included and received corticosteroids as the first-line treatment...
March 2017: Blood Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396865/biomaterials-for-dental-applications
#12
EDITORIAL
Elif Bahar Tuna, Yoshiki Oshida, Bugra Ozen, Elizabeta Gjorgievska, Tamer Tuzuner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391999/trends-in-management-of-the-small-renal-mass-in-renal-transplant-recipient-candidates-a-multi-institutional-survey-analysis
#13
Alp Tuna Beksac, David J Paulucci, John P Sfakianos, Balaji N Reddy, Greg E Gin, Susan M Lerner, Ketan K Badani
INTRODUCTION: Patients with end-stage renal disease are under increased risk for renal cell carcinoma development, and radical nephrectomy is the preferred treatment in this setting. Owing to the increased surgical morbidity and mortality, active surveillance (AS) may be a valid option for treatment of small renal masses (SRM). As there is a lack of high-level evidence for treatment recommendations, we performed a survey analysis to analyze the treatment patterns of transplant surgeons...
April 5, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379067/mercury-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-seafood-intake-are-not-associated-with-heart-rate-variability-or-qt-interval
#14
Charles Miller, Roxanne Karimi, Susan Silbernagel, Danielle Kostrubiak, Frederick Schiavone, Qiao Zhang, Jie Yang, Eric Rashba, Jaymie R Meliker
Mercury (Hg), eicosapentanoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) concentrations differ across seafood types. Our aim was to investigate the association of Hg, EPA and DHA, as well as avid consumption of diverse seafood types on cardiovascular variables heart rate variability (HRV) and QT interval duration (QTc) in a contemporary population. We measured HRV and QTc by Holter monitor, EPA and DHA in plasma, total Hg in whole blood, and possible confounders in ninety-four avid seafood consumers from Long Island, NY...
April 5, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374054/-tuna-saving-endoscopic-medial-maxillectomy-a-surgical-technique-for-maxillary-inverted-papilloma
#15
Fabio Pagella, Alessandro Pusateri, Elina Matti, Irene Avato, Dario Zaccari, Enzo Emanuelli, Tiziana Volo, Diego Cazzador, Leonardo Citraro, Giampiero Ricci, Giovanni Leo Tomacelli
The maxillary sinus is the most common site of sinonasal inverted papilloma. Endoscopic sinus surgery, in particular endoscopic medial maxillectomy, is currently the gold standard for treatment of maxillary sinus papilloma. Although a common technique, complications such as stenosis of the lacrimal pathway and consequent development of epiphora are still possible. To avoid these problems, we propose a modification of this surgical technique that preserves the head of the inferior turbinate and the nasolacrimal duct...
April 3, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366843/risk-assessment-related-to-biogenic-amines-occurrence-in-ready-to-eat-baby-foods
#16
Anna Czajkowska-Mysłek, Joanna Leszczyńska
Potential adverse reactions among infants and young children could appear after consumption of food containing small amounts of bioactive amines. This study presents the first assessment of biogenic amines occurrence in ready-to-eat vegetable without/with fish, meat and fruit baby products intended for the youngest consumers. The biogenic amine profiles and quantities of 6 amines were evaluated in 68 commercial baby foods produced by 10 leading manufacturers available in Poland, using HPLC-APCI-MS method. The total amine contents in analyzed products were obtained in the range of 1283-101421 ng/g...
March 30, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362836/numerical-study-on-the-hydrodynamics-of-thunniform-bio-inspired-swimming-under-self-propulsion
#17
Ningyu Li, Huanxing Liu, Yumin Su
Numerical simulations are employed to study the hydrodynamics of self-propelled thunniform swimming. The swimmer is modeled as a tuna-like flexible body undulating with kinematics of thunniform type. The wake evolution follows the vortex structures arranged nearly vertical to the forward direction, vortex dipole formation resulting in the propulsion motion, and finally a reverse Kármán vortex street. We also carry out a systematic parametric study of various aspects of the fluid dynamics behind the freely swimming behavior, including the swimming speed, hydrodynamic forces, power requirement and wake vortices...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361550/mercury-in-fish-products-what-s-the-best-for-consumers-between-bluefin-tuna-and-yellowfin-tuna
#18
Gaetano Cammilleri, Mirella Vazzana, Vincenzo Arizza, Francesca Giunta, Antonio Vella, Gianluigi Lo Dico, Vita Giaccone, Salvatore V Giofrè, Giuseppe Giangrosso, Nicola Cicero, Vincenzo Ferrantelli
A total of 205 bluefin and yellowfin tuna samples were examined for mercury detection in order to verify possible differences and have a detailed risk assessment of the two tuna species. The results showed significant higher mercury concentration in muscle tissue of bluefin tuna respect yellowfin tuna (p < 0.001) with mean concentration of 0.84 mg/kg and maximum value of 1.94 mg/kg. These differences can be due the different biological and ecological aspects of the two tuna species and to different oceanographic aspects between Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean sea...
March 31, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355269/use-of-a-counterfactual-approach-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-area-closures-on-fishing-location-in-a-tropical-tuna-fishery
#19
Tim K Davies, Chris C Mees, E J Milner-Gulland
Spatial closures are widely used in marine conservation and fisheries management and it is important to understand their contribution to achieving management objectives. Many previous evaluations of closed area effects have used before-after comparisons, which, without controlling for a full range of factors, cannot ascribe changes in fleet behaviour to area closures per se. In this study we used a counterfactual approach to disentangle the effect of two closed areas on fishing location from other competing effects on the behaviour of the Indian Ocean tuna purse seine fishery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352149/robot-assisted-partial-nephrectomy-for-t1b-tumors-strict-trifecta-outcomes
#20
Ilter Tufek, Panagiotis Mourmouris, Tunkut Doganca, Can Obek, Omer Burak Argun, Mustafa Bilal Tuna, Mehmet Selcuk Keskin, Ali Rıza Kural
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: "Trifecta" in partial nephrectomy consists of negative surgical margins, minimal renal function decrease and absence of complications. In the present article, our single-center robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) experience in T1b renal masses is reported in terms of strict Trifecta outcomes. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of patients with a tumor diameter between 4 and 7 cm (stage T1b), who underwent RAPN by a single surgeon...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
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