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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444530/-that-s-kind-of-one-of-our-jobs-sexual-activity-as-a-form-of-care-work-among-women-with-sexual-difficulties
#1
Amy Braksmajer
Willing engagement in unwanted or undesired sexual activity, often associated with fulfilling a partner's needs or sustaining intimate relationships, is common. Acquiescence with undesired sexual activity can be conceptualized as sexual care work, that is, domestic "labor" that women undertake with the goal of caring for their partners' well-being. Drawing on interviews with 53 women with dyspareunia (pain experienced during intercourse) and low desire, the aim of this study was to examine how women with sexual difficulties engage in sexual care work, the implications of the inability to perform such work for gender identity, and the ways in which sexual care work may blur the lines between women's perceptions of coercion and consent...
April 25, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442552/the-role-of-anticipated-decision-regret-and-the-patient-s-best-interest-in-sterilisation-and-medically-assisted-reproduction
#2
Heidi Mertes
There is a clear discrepancy in the way those who request medical assistance in pursuit of their reproductive choices are treated. On the one hand, women who request a sterilisation are urged to consider possible future regrets and are sometimes refused treatment in anticipation of such regrets. This is despite the fact that for all age ranges, the majority of women undergoing a sterilisation do not regret the decision. Moreover, women who are voluntarily childless are likely to have a happier and more gratifying life than parents...
May 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441882/work-right-to-right-work-an-automythology-of-chronic-illness-and-work
#3
Lavanya Vijayasingham
Objectives Chronic illness is known to disrupt and redirect the usual course of work trajectories. This article aims to portray the longitudinal course of negotiating work after multiple sclerosis. Methods Using therapy and personal journals to reconstruct memories and experience, an autoethnography is produced and narrated within Campbell's "Hero's Journey" automythology framework. Results The narrative highlights the intrasubjectivity of illness meaning-the changing internal meaning-making and external behavior and decision-making dynamics...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441763/improving-passive-time-reversal-underwater-acoustic-communications-using-subarray-processing
#4
Chengbing He, Lianyou Jing, Rui Xi, Qinyuan Li, Qunfei Zhang
Multichannel receivers are usually employed in high-rate underwater acoustic communication to achieve spatial diversity. In the context of multichannel underwater acoustic communications, passive time reversal (TR) combined with a single-channel adaptive decision feedback equalizer (TR-DFE) is a low-complexity solution to achieve both spatial and temporal focusing. In this paper, we present a novel receiver structure to combine passive time reversal with a low-order multichannel adaptive decision feedback equalizer (TR-MC-DFE) to improve the performance of the conventional TR-DFE...
April 24, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439991/melatonin-a-pleiotropic-molecule-that-modulates-dna-damage-response-and-repair-pathways
#5
REVIEW
Maryam Majidinia, Alireza Sadeghpour, Saeed Mehrzadi, Russel J Reiter, Nasrin Khatami, Bahman Yousefi
DNA repair is responsible for maintaining the integrity of the genome. Perturbations in the DNA repair pathways have been identified in several human cancers. Thus, compounds targeting DNA damage response (DDR) hold great promise in cancer therapy. A great deal of effort, in pursuit of new anticancer drugs, has been devoted to understanding the basic mechanisms and functions of the cellular DNA repair machinery. Melatonin, a widely-produced indoleamine in all organisms is associated with a reduced risk of cancer and has multiple regulatory roles on the different aspects of the DDR and DNA repair...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437703/antiviral-treatment-strategies-based-on-gene-silencing-and-genome-editing
#6
REVIEW
Roger Badia, Ester Ballana, José A Esté, Eva Riveira-Muñoz
The ability of some viruses to establish latently infected chronic reservoirs that escape to immune control becomes a major roadblock that impedes the cure of these infections. Therefore, new alternatives are needed to pursuit the eradication of viral persistent infections. Gene silencing technologies are in constant evolution and provide an outstanding sequence specificity that allows targeting any coding sequence of interest. Here we provide an overview of the development of gene silencing technologies ranging from initially RNA interference to the recently developed CRISPR/Cas9 and their potential as new antiviral strategies focusing on the eradication of HIV...
April 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436287/positive-affect-and-physical-activity-testing-effects-on-goal-setting-activation-prioritisation-and-attainment
#7
David S Cameron, Emma J Bertenshaw, Paschal Sheeran
OBJECTIVE: The present research tested whether incidental positive affect promotes pursuit of physical activity goals. Four key features of goal pursuit were examined - setting physical activity goals (Study 1), goal activation (Study 2), and goal prioritization and goal attainment (Study 3). DESIGN: Participants (Ns = 80, 81, and 59, in Studies 1-3, respectively) were randomized to positive affect (joy, hope) or neutral affect (control) conditions in each study...
April 23, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436158/collaborating-on-medication-errors-in-nursing
#8
Marketa Marvanova, Paul J Henkel
BACKGROUND: Nurse educators are faced with changing roles and expanding responsibilities for medication administration and monitoring in pursuit of improved patient safety. The aims of this study were to develop, implement and evaluate clinical simulation experiences that included, along with nursing faculty members, a pharmacist educator for the teaching of preventable medication errors in undergraduate nursing education. METHODS: Four clinical simulation scenarios using high-fidelity patient simulators were developed focusing on select medication problems in nursing practice...
April 24, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433256/evolution-and-patterns-of-global-health-financing-1995-2014-development-assistance-for-health-and-government-prepaid-private-and-out-of-pocket-health-spending-in-184-countries
#9
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: An adequate amount of prepaid resources for health is important to ensure access to health services and for the pursuit of universal health coverage. Previous studies on global health financing have described the relationship between economic development and health financing. In this study, we further explore global health financing trends and examine how the sources of funds used, types of services purchased, and development assistance for health disbursed change with economic development...
April 19, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430590/treatment-of-esophageal-cancer-with-radiation-therapy-a-pan-chinese-survey-of-radiation-oncologists
#10
Yun Zhang, Jing Liu, Wencheng Zhang, Weiye Deng, Jinbo Yue
Lots of controversies were found about the treatment in relation to radiation therapy (RT) for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). We designed a questionnaire of these controversies to do a pan-Chinese survey of radiation oncologists (ROs). For operable ESCC, 53% ROs chose surgery plus postoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT), while 40% chose preoperative CRT plus surgery. For target volume of postoperative RT, most ROs (92%) would delineate tumor bed plus involved lymph nodes region before surgery. For definitive RT, most ROs (81%) would give patients higher RT dose to 60-65Gy...
April 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429879/the-pursuit-of-accurate-blood-pressure-measurement-a-35-year-travail
#11
EDITORIAL
Eoin O'Brien, George S Stergiou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429386/relationship-between-desired-weight-and-eating-disorder-pathology-in-youth
#12
Hope K Boyd, Andrea E Kass, Erin C Accurso, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Jennifer E Wildes, Daniel Le Grange
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with eating disorders (ED), particularly anorexia nervosa (AN), and bulimia nervosa (BN), often wish to reduce their body weight in pursuit of a thin ideal, but no study has examined the relation between desired weight and ED pathology in a clinical population of youth. Given the potential impact of desired weight on normalization of eating patterns and weight restoration, we examined the relation between desired weight and ED pathology in youth with AN or BN. METHODS: Participants were 340 youth presenting to an outpatient ED clinical research program...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429239/development-and-initial-validation-of-a-short-three-dimensional-inventory-of-character-strengths
#13
Wenjie Duan, He Bu
PURPOSE: Character strength is described as a positive and organized pattern of emotions, thoughts, and behaviors. It serves as a schema that organizes categories of information toward the self, others, and the world, and provides the self-aware knowledge that facilitates the pursuit of goals, values, and ethical principles. Recent research has suggested that three reliable factors emerge from the measures of character strengths: caring, inquisitiveness, and self-control. The goal of this paper is to develop a psychometrically sound short measure of character strength...
April 20, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428047/diffusion-mri-of-the-human-brain-at-ultra-high-field-uhf-a-review
#14
Daniel Gallichan
The continued drive towards MRI scanners operating at increasingly higher main magnetic fields is primarily motivated by the maxim that more teslas mean more signal and lead to better images. This promise of increased signal, which cannot easily be achieved in other ways, encourages efforts to overcome the inextricable technical challenges which accompany this endeavor. Unlike for many applications, however, diffusion imaging is not currently able to directly reap these potential signal gains - at the time of writing it seems fair to say that, for matched gradient and RF hardware, the majority of diffusion images acquired at 7T, while comparable in quality to those achievable at 3T, do not demonstrate a clear advantage over what can be obtained at lower field...
April 18, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427971/extent-of-resection-in-glioma-a-review-of-the-cutting-edge
#15
REVIEW
Randy S D'Amico, Zachary K Englander, Peter Canoll, Jeffrey N Bruce
Modern glioma surgery has evolved from the principle belief that safe, maximal tumor resection improves symptom management, quality of life, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) in both low- and high-grade glioma (LGG and HGG, respectively). However, in the absence of level I data, the overwhelming support for this idea is derived largely from retrospective series. As a result, the influence of increasing extent of resection (EOR) and reducing tumor burden on the efficacy of postoperative chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and ultimately survival, remains inadequately defined...
April 17, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425949/an-efficient-distributed-compressed-sensing-algorithm-for-decentralized-sensor-network
#16
Jing Liu, Kaiyu Huang, Guoxian Zhang
We consider the joint sparsity Model 1 (JSM-1) in a decentralized scenario, where a number of sensors are connected through a network and there is no fusion center. A novel algorithm, named distributed compact sensing matrix pursuit (DCSMP), is proposed to exploit the computational and communication capabilities of the sensor nodes. In contrast to the conventional distributed compressed sensing algorithms adopting a random sensing matrix, the proposed algorithm focuses on the deterministic sensing matrices built directly on the real acquisition systems...
April 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424101/limited-impacts-of-truck-based-ultra-low-volume-applications-of-mosquito-adulticides-on-mortality-in-honey-bees-apis-mellifera
#17
F D Rinkevich, J W Margotta, V Pokhrel, T W Walker, R H Vaeth, W C Hoffman, B K Fritz, R G Danka, T E Rinderer, R L Aldridge, K J Linthicum, J A Ottea, K B Healy
Adulticides applied against mosquitoes can reduce vector populations during times of high arbovirus transmission. However, impacts of these insecticides on pollinators and other non-target organisms are of concern to mosquito control professionals, beekeepers and others. We evaluated mortality of Culex quinquefasciatus and Apis mellifera when caged insects were exposed to low and high label rates of four common adulticides (Aqua-Pursuit™ [permethrin], Duet® [prallethrin + sumithrin], Fyfanon® [malathion] and Scourge® [resmethrin]) at six distances up to 91...
April 20, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424074/implementation-and-adaptation-of-the-re-engineered-discharge-red-in-five-california-hospitals-a-qualitative-research-study
#18
S E Mitchell, G M Weigel, V Laurens, J Martin, B W Jack
BACKGROUND: Project Re-Engineered Discharge (RED) is an evidence-based strategy to reduce readmissions disseminated and adapted by various health systems across the country. To date, little is known about how adapting Project RED from its original protocol impacts RED implementation and/or sustainability. The goal of this study was to identify and characterize contextual factors influencing how five California hospitals adapted and implemented RED and the subsequent impact on RED program sustainability...
April 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422316/regulatory-t-cells-tolerance-induction-in-solid-organ-transplantation
#19
REVIEW
Trishan Vaikunthanathan, Niloufar Safinia, Dominic Boardman, Robert I Lechler, Giovanna Lombardi
The concept of regulatory T cell (Treg) therapy in transplantation is now a reality. Significant advances in science and technology have enabled us to isolate human Tregs, expand them to clinically relevant numbers and infuse them into human transplant recipients. With several Phase I/II trials underway investigating Treg safety and efficacy it is now more crucial than ever to understand their complex biology. However, our journey is by no means complete, results from these trials will undoubtedly provoke both further knowledge and enquiry, which, alongside evolving science will continue to drive the optimization of Treg therapy in the pursuit of transplantation tolerance...
April 19, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420275/beta-hebbian-learning-as-a-new-method-for-exploratory-projection-pursuit
#20
Héctor Quintián, Emilio Corchado
In this research, a novel family of learning rules called Beta Hebbian Learning (BHL) is thoroughly investigated to extract information from high-dimensional datasets by projecting the data onto low-dimensional (typically two dimensional) subspaces, improving the existing exploratory methods by providing a clear representation of data's internal structure. BHL applies a family of learning rules derived from the Probability Density Function (PDF) of the residual based on the beta distribution. This family of rules may be called Hebbian in that all use a simple multiplication of the output of the neural network with some function of the residuals after feedback...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Neural Systems
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