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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738987/evaluation-of-sensor-technology-to-detect-fall-risk-and-prevent-falls-in-acute-care
#1
Patricia Potter, Kelly Allen, Eileen Costantinou, William Dean Klinkenberg, Jill Malen, Traci Norris, Elizabeth O'Connor, Wilhemina Roney, Heidi Hahn Tymkew, Laurie Wolf
BACKGROUND: Sensor technology that dynamically identifies hospitalized patients' fall risk and detects and alerts nurses of high-risk patients' early exits out of bed has potential for reducing fall rates and preventing patient harm. During Phase 1 (August 2014-January 2015) of a previously reported performance improvement project, an innovative depth sensor was evaluated on two inpatient medical units to study fall characteristics. In Phase 2 (April 2015-January 2016), a combined depth and bed sensor system designed to assign patient fall probability, detect patient bed exits, and subsequently prevent falls was evaluated...
August 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735717/real-time-cineangiography-visualization-of-cerebral-aneurysm-rupture-in-an-awake-patient-anatomic-physiological-and-functional-correlates
#2
Tasha L Welch, Waleed Brinjikji, Guiseppe Lanzino, William L Lanier
Intracranial aneurysms are common and, on a population-based perspective, are a major cause of morbidity and mortality as a result of mass effect or rupture. Cerebral angiography is the primary technique used for the diagnosis of cerebral aneurysms, and the imaging data have additional utility for planning medical, endovascular, or surgical treatments. An extremely rare periprocedural complication of cerebral angiography is rupture of the aneurysm, either as a chance phenomenon or as a result of some physiologic change or mechanical effect...
July 20, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721790/administering-and-monitoring-high-alert-medications-in-acute-care
#3
Joseph Macale Ruff Cajanding
The nurse's primary role in the medication process is to ensure that drugs are administered safely to patients, thus reducing the risk of unnecessary harm or injury. High-alert medications are a particular concern for healthcare professionals, since they are associated with an increased risk of causing patient harm. This article identifies high-risk medications and outlines measures that can be used to prevent potential harm to patients as a result of these medications, including computerised provider order entry, Tall Man lettering, order sets, independent double-checks and proactive patient monitoring...
July 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716585/ascertainment-of-alaska-native-stroke-incidence-2005-2009-lessons-for-assessing-the-global-burden-of-stroke
#4
Bernadette Boden-Albala, James Allen, Eric T Roberts, Lisa Bulkow, Brian Trimble
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a critical public health issue in the United States and globally. System models to optimally capture stroke incidence in rural and culturally diverse communities are needed. The epidemiological transition to a western lifestyle has been associated with an increased burden of vascular risk factors among Alaska Native (AN) people. The burden of stroke in AN communities remains understudied. METHODS: The Alaska Native Stroke Registry (ANSR) was designed to screen and capture all stroke cases between 2005 and 2009 through its integration into the existing single-payer Alaska Tribal Health System infrastructure...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705994/wearable-brain-imaging-with-multi-modal-physiological-recording
#5
Gary E Strangman, Vladimir Ivkovic, Quan Zhang
The brain is a central component of cognitive and physical human performance. Measures including functional brain activation, cerebral perfusion, cerebral oxygenation, evoked electrical responses, and resting hemodynamic and electrical activity are all related to, or can predict health status or performance decrements. However, measuring brain physiology typically requires large, stationary machines that are not suitable for mobile or self-monitoring. Moreover, when individuals are ambulatory, systemic physiological fluctuations-e...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703897/media-representations-of-breech-birth-a-prospective-analysis-of-web-based-news-reports
#6
Karolina Petrovska, Athena Sheehan, Caroline S E Homer
INTRODUCTION: Recent research has demonstrated that the media presentation of childbirth is highly medicalized, often portraying birth as risky and dramatic. Media representation of breech presentation and birth is unexplored in this context. This study aimed to explore the content and tone of news media reports relating to breech presentation and breech birth. METHODS: Google alerts were created using the terms breech and breech birth in online English-language news sites over a 3-year period from January 1, 2013, to December 31, 2015...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670880/awareness-about-breast-cancer-and-its-screening-among-rural-egyptian-women-minia-district-a-population-based-study
#7
Ebtesam Esmail Hassan, Amany Edward Seedhom, Eman Mohamed Mahfouz
Background: Recent global cancer statistics indicate rising global incidence of breast cancer and the increase is occurring at a faster rate in developing countries. Training women how to carry out breast self-examination (BSE) can help them to be alert to any abnormalities in their breasts to speedily seek medical consultation. Health behavior may be influenced by level of awareness about breast cancer. Methods: A cross-sectional community- based study aimed to assess the level of knowledge about breast cancer risk factors, early warning signs, screening approaches and related predictors...
June 25, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669554/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-effect-of-a%C3%A2-double-check-on-the-detection-of-medication%C3%A2-errors
#8
Amy M Douglass, Joshua Elder, Robin Watson, Tom Kallay, David Kirsh, William G Robb, Amy H Kaji, Clinton J Coil
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The use of a double check by 2 nurses has been advocated as a key error-prevention strategy. This study aims to determine how often a double check is used for high-alert medications and whether it increases error detection. METHODS: Emergency department and ICU nurses worked in pairs to care for a simulated patient. Nurses were randomized into single- and double-check groups. Errors intentionally introduced into the simulation included weight-based dosage errors and wrong medication vial errors...
June 29, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662372/parenteral-nutrition-errors-and-potential-errors-reported-over-the-past-10-years
#9
Peggi Guenter, Phil Ayers, Joseph I Boullata, Kathleen M Gura, Beverly Holcombe, Gordon S Sacks
Parenteral nutrition (PN) is a complex, high-alert medication, and errors associated with the use of this therapy may lead to significant harm to patients. This document reviews error reports from the Institute for Safe Medication Practices' Medication Errors Reporting Program that are associated with the PN use process over the past 10 years. Actual PN-related errors are outlined, with most occurring in the PN-compounding/dispensing and PN administration steps. Clinicians involved in any phase of the PN use process should review their institutional or homecare company's processes for reporting of PN errors and collaborate with their medical safety officer and/or committees involved with medication error reporting...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662000/using-prospective-risk-analysis-tools-to-improve-safety-in-pharmacy-settings-a-systematic-review-and-critical-appraisal
#10
Tatjana Stojkovic, Valentina Marinkovic, Tanja Manser
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to review and critically appraise the published literature on 2 selected prospective risk analysis tools, Failure Mode and Effects Analysis and Socio-Technical Probabilistic Risk Assessment, as applied to the dispensing of medicines in both inpatient and outpatient pharmacy settings. METHODS: A comprehensive search of electronic databases (PubMed and Scopus) was conducted (January 1990-March 2016), supplemented by hand search of reference lists...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653940/review-medication-errors-and-strategies-for-their-prevention
#11
Muhammad Kashif Riaz, Mohammad Riaz, Abida Latif
Medication errors occur every day causing injury to the patients and even deaths. The health care professionals are not fully aware of the damages done by medication errors in terms of patients' discomfort and economic burden. There is a need to provide information about medication errors to health care providers. This article reviews research done on the various aspects of medication errors. The research work done on prescribing errors, transcribing errors, dispensing errors, administration errors and discharged summaries errors have been examined...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651030/clinical-alerts-to-decrease-high-risk-medication-use-in-older-adults
#12
Wilhelmina Lord-Adem, Nicole J Brandt
High-risk medications (HRMs) account for 14.6% to 54.6% of all medications used in older adults, and have been linked to >50% of adverse drug events (ADEs). HRM-related ADEs lead to increased morbidity and mortality, increased hospital length of stay, and financial costs for patients and health care systems. It has been well documented that incorporating information technology in patient care in the form of clinical alert systems can effectively decrease HRM use and improve patient safety. The current article seeks to identify and discuss clinical alert systems focusing on HRMs, their impact on prescribing for older adults, and challenges to the implementation of electronic decision systems...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644298/omission-of-high-alert-medications-a-hidden-danger
#13
Matthew C Grissinger
The Pennsylvania Patient Safety Reporting System is a confidential, statewide Internet reporting system to which all Pennsylvania hospitals, outpatient-surgery facilities, birthing centers, and abortion facilities must file information on incidents and serious events.Safety Monitor is a column from Pennsylvania's Patient Safety Authority, the authority that informs nurses on issues that can affect patient safety and presents strategies they can easily integrate into practice. For more information on the authority, visit www...
July 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641385/development-of-an-electronic-medical-record-based-child-physical-abuse-alert-system
#14
Rachel P Berger, Richard A Saladino, Janet Fromkin, Emily Heineman, Srinivasan Suresh, Tom McGinn
Objective: Physical abuse is a leading cause of pediatric morbidity and mortality. Physicians do not consistently screen for abuse, even in high-risk situations. Alerts in the electronic medical record may help improve screening rates, resulting in early identification and improved outcomes. Methods: Triggers to identify children < 2 years old at risk for physical abuse were coded into the electronic medical record at a freestanding pediatric hospital with a level 1 trauma center...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638280/anticonvulsant-hypersensitivity-syndrome-after-phenytoin-administration-in-an-adolescent-patient-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#15
Malik Ghannam, Shaden Mansour, Aya Nabulsi, Qusay Abdoh
BACKGROUND: Hypersensitivity is a rare adverse drug reaction (ADR) associated with anti-epileptic medications. Phenytoin is one of the commonly used drugs for treatment of epilepsy that encounters a hypersensitivity reaction. This reaction can be ranged from mild cutaneous rash to anticonvulsant hypersensitivity syndrome (AHS) or drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) that includes fever, rash, eosinophilia and involvement of multiple internal organs. CASE PRESENTATION: A 15 year old middle eastern female patient from Gaza strip with free past medical and allergic history...
2017: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636783/normal-neonatal-hearing-screening-did-not-preclude-sensorineural-hearing-loss-in-two-year-old-very-preterm-infants
#16
Inge L van Noort-van der Spek, André Goedegebure, Nico G Hartwig, René F Kornelisse, Marie-Christine J P Franken, Nynke Weisglas-Kuperus
AIM: Very preterm infants are at risk of neonatal hearing loss. However, it is unknown whether infants with a normal neonatal hearing screening result risk sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) at a later age. METHODS: This cohort study was conducted at the Erasmus Medical University Center Rotterdam, the Netherlands, on 77 very preterm infants born between October 2005 and September 2008. All infants underwent auditory brainstem response audiometry during neonatal hearing screening and at two years of corrected age...
June 21, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634172/identifying-an-oxygenation-index-threshold-for-increased-mortality-in-acute-respiratory-failure
#17
Brandon G Hammond, Pamela Garcia-Filion, Paul Kang, Mounica Y Rao, Brigham C Willis, Heidi J Dalton
BACKGROUND: The objective of this work was to examine current oxygenation index (OI) data and outcomes using electronic medical record data to identify a specific OI value associated with mortality. METHODS: This study was a retrospective electronic medical record data review from the pediatric ICU of Phoenix Children's Hospital, with data mining for variables to calculate OIs on subjects age 1 month to 20 y mechanically ventilated >24 h, excluding those with known intracardiac shunts or cyanotic heart disease...
June 20, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625450/vasoplegic-syndrome-an-update-on-perioperative-considerations
#18
REVIEW
Henry Liu, Ling Yu, Longqiu Yang, Michael S Green
Vasoplegic syndrome (VS) is increasingly recognized as an important clinical entity in perioperative medicine. VS is characterized by significant arterial hypotension, normal or high cardiac output, low systemic vascular resistance, and increased requirements for intravenous volume and vasopressors. Tremendous variations exist regarding incidence reported in the literature and management at different institutions; and the incidence of VS is likely significantly higher than many anesthesiologists believe. Thus the aims of this article are to review the pertinent aspects related to VS and alert clinical anesthesiologists to this under-recognized yet very challenging clinical condition...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595825/nursing-staff-s-experiences-of-working-in-an-evidence-based-designed-icu-patient-room-an-interview-study
#19
Fredrika Sundberg, Sepideh Olausson, Isabell Fridh, Berit Lindahl
INTRODUCTION: It has been known for centuries that environment in healthcare has an impact, but despite this, environment has been overshadowed by technological and medical progress, especially in intensive care. Evidence-based design is a concept concerning integrating knowledge from various research disciplines and its application to healing environments. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to explore the experiences of nursing staff of working in an evidence-based designed ICU patient room...
June 5, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583143/fatigue-mitigation-with-sleeptracktxt2-in-air-medical-emergency-care-systems-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
P Daniel Patterson, Charity G Moore, Frank X Guyette, Jack M Doman, Denisse Sequeira, Howard A Werman, Doug Swanson, David Hostler, Joshua Lynch, Lindsey Russo, Linda Hines, Karen Swecker, Michael S Runyon, Daniel J Buysse
BACKGROUND: Most air medical Emergency Medical Services (EMS) clinicians work extended duration shifts, and more than 50% report inadequate sleep, poor sleep quality, and/or poor recovery between shifts. The SleepTrackTXT pilot trial (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02063737) showed that use of mobile phone text messages could impact EMS clinician self-reported fatigue and sleepiness during long duration shifts. The purpose of the SleepTrackTXT2 trial is to leverage lessons learned from the first SleepTrackTXT study and test an enhanced intervention targeting air medical EMS clinicians...
June 5, 2017: Trials
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