keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sex and the Elderly

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329933/-study-on-hiv-1-subtype-among-elderly-male-clients-and-female-sex-workers-of-low-cost-venues-in-guangxi-zhuang-autonomous-region-china
#1
Y Q Deng, J J Li, N Y Fang, B Wang, J W Wang, S S Liang, Z Y Shen, G H Lan, H M Zhang, X H Wu, H X Lu, X M Ge
Objective: To understand HIV-1 subtype characteristics and transmission clusters in elderly male clients and female sex workers (FSWs) of low-cost commercial sex venues in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted in FSWs and elderly male clients (≥50 years) of low-cost commercial sex venues in 4 cities and 9 counties in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region by convenient sampling in 2012. The blood sample was collected from each case for HIV-1 antibody detection...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329637/dermatological-screening-of-an-elderly-population-the-rotterdam-study
#2
Martijn G H Sanders, Joris A C Verkouteren, Luba M Pardo
BackgroundThe recent WHO burden of disease project showed that the non-fatal skin disease related burden is high, but also that prevalence rates of many common skin diseases are not well documented. The aim of this study is to give an overview of (untreated) skin diseases in a population based sample of elderly.MethodsIn 2010, a full body skin examination (FBSE) was embedded in the Rotterdam Study, a prospective population based cohort study of an elderly white-skinned population in the Netherlands. The examination was conducted by a dermatology-trained physician and focused on most common skin diseases (e...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329253/a-modified-healthy-aging-index-and-its-association-with-mortality-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1999-2002
#3
Chenkai Wu, Ellen Smit, Jason L Sanders, Anne B Newman, Michelle C Odden
Background: Comorbidity indices that are based on clinically recognized disease do not capture the full spectrum of health. The Healthy Aging Index (HAI) was recently developed to describe a wider range of health and disease across multiple organ systems. We characterized the distribution of a modified HAI (mHAI) by sociodemographics in a representative sample of the U.S. population. We also examined the association of the mHAI with mortality across individuals with different levels of clinically recognizable comorbidities...
January 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328826/effect-of-adductor-canal-block-on-medial-compartment-knee-pain-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-retrospective-comparative-study
#4
Doo-Hyung Lee, Michael Y Lee, Kyu-Sung Kwack, Seung-Hyun Yoon
Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common disease in middle-aged and elderly people. Pain is the chief complaint of symptomatic KOA and a leading cause of chronic disability, which is most often found in medial knees. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of pain relief and functional improvement in KOA patients treated with ultrasound-guided adductor canal block (ACB).This is a 3-month retrospective case-controlled comparative study. Two hundred patients with anteromedial knee pain owing to KOA that was unresponsive to 3-month long conservative treatments...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327188/allopurinol-and-the-risk-of-ventricular-arrhythmias-in-the-elderly-a-study-using-us-medicare-data
#5
Jasvinder A Singh, John Cleveland
BACKGROUND: There are no published human studies investigating whether the use of allopurinol, the most commonly used medication for the treatment of hyperuricemia in gout, the most common type of inflammatory arthritis in adults, has any beneficial effects on ventricular electrophysiology. The objective of our study was to assess whether allopurinol use is associated with a reduction in the risk of ventricular arrhythmias (VA). METHODS: We used the 5% random sample of Medicare beneficiaries from 2006-2012 to examine new allopurinol use and the risk of incident VA...
March 22, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321602/does-the-sense-of-coherence-modifies-the-relationship-of-oral-clinical-conditions-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#6
Fernanda W Machado, Ana Paula Perroni, Gustavo G Nascimento, Marília L Goettems, Noéli Boscato
PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the association of demographic and clinical characteristics, Sense of Coherence (SOC), clinical conditions (number of teeth, and use of and need for dental prostheses), and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL); and if the SOC modifies the relationship of clinical conditions and OHRQoL in a sample of elders. METHODS: Trained dentists assessed the participants' oral health and conducted interviews (n = 110)...
March 20, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321240/validation-of-veterans-specific-activity-questionnaire-to-assess-exercise-tolerance-of-chinese-elderly-with-coronary-heart-disease
#7
Yan Wang, Jing-Jing Shi, Bo-Zhong Wang
OBJECTIVE: The Veterans Specific Activity Questionnaire (VSAQ) has been used to assess exercise tolerance. Nevertheless, there is no validated Chinese version. The aim of this study is to determine whether a questionnaire-based method using the Chinese version of VSAQ (the modified VSAQ) is a practical tool to assess exercise tolerance of Chinese elderly with coronary heart disease. METHODS: One hundred thirty consecutive elderly patients who were diagnosed with coronary heart disease (CHD) (mean age 68...
December 2016: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319943/femoral-neck-x-ray-absorptiometry-parameters-and-peripheral-quantitative-computer-tomography-tibial-cortical-density-predict-survival-in-dialysis-patients
#8
Natalie Yap, Phillip Wong, Stella McGinn, Maria-Liza Nery, Jean Doyle, Lynda Wells, Phillip Clifton-Bligh, Roderick J Clifton-Bligh
BACKGROUND: Low bone mineral density (BMD) is a known independent predictor of mortality in the general elderly population. However, studies in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are limited. The present study evaluated mortality during long-term follow-up in a population of patients having dialysis for ESRD, in whom BMD was also measured. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with ESRD were recruited consecutively from a dialysis clinic and followed prospectively for 6 years...
March 21, 2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319530/oral-chemical-burns-reported-to-the-poisons-information-centre-in-erfurt-germany-from-1997-to-2014
#9
Juliane Nehrlich, Hans-Peter Klöcking, Helmut Hentschel, Amelie Lupp
Devastating oral burns often followed by lifelong complications can result from ingestion of caustic substances. However, although being one of the most challenging situations in clinical practice, literature data on the epidemiology of oral burns are still scarce. Retrospective analysis of all cases of oral burns after ingestion of corrosive substances reported to the Poisons Information Centre in Erfurt, Germany, from 1997 to 2014 was performed. In total, 482 calls because of oral burns were registered, with no change in the numbers of cases during the years...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303060/evaluation-of-the-association-between-locomotive-syndrome-and-depressive-states-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Tomohiro Saito, Hideaki Watanabe, Ichiro Kikkawa, Katsushi Takeshita
The Japanese Orthopaedic Association has proposed the term "locomotive syndrome" to designate a condition that places a person at high risk for long-term care. However, in daily clinical practice, even when a diagnosis of locomotive syndrome is made, exercise therapy often cannot be successfully performed in some patients owing to their lack of motivation. We speculated that locomotive syndrome and depressive states co-exist in elderly people. The purpose of this study was to determine the presence or absence of depressive states in older patients aged ≥ 65 years who were diagnosed with locomotive syndrome...
February 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301451/traumatic-brain-injury-related-emergency-department-visits-hospitalizations-and-deaths-united-states-2007-and-2013
#11
Christopher A Taylor, Jeneita M Bell, Matthew J Breiding, Likang Xu
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has short- and long-term adverse clinical outcomes, including death and disability. TBI can be caused by a number of principal mechanisms, including motor-vehicle crashes, falls, and assaults. This report describes the estimated incidence of TBI-related emergency department (ED) visits, hospitalizations, and deaths during 2013 and makes comparisons to similar estimates from 2007. REPORTING PERIOD: 2007 and 2013. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: State-based administrative health care data were used to calculate estimates of TBI-related ED visits and hospitalizations by principal mechanism of injury, age group, sex, and injury intent...
March 17, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300617/sex-and-gender-related-prevalence-cardiovascular-risk-and-therapeutic-approach-in-metabolic-syndrome-a-review-of-the-literature
#12
REVIEW
Giacomo Pucci, Riccardo Alcidi, Lisanne Tap, Francesca Battista, Francesco Mattace-Raso, Giuseppe Schillaci
Metabolic syndrome (MS), a cluster of metabolic abnormalities linked to insulin-resistance and abdominal obesity, is associated with an increased risk of Type II diabetes mellitus (DM) and cardiovascular (CV) disease. Its prevalence is high, affecting 20% to 30% of the general population, and increases with age in a sex-specific manner: in fact, while below 50 years it is slightly higher in men, it reverses after 50 years. The pronounced age-related increase in the prevalence of MS in women occurs as the result of several factors, which may be classified into sex- and gender-related factors...
March 11, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296226/diabetic-polyneuropathy-is-a-risk-factor-for-decline-of-lower-extremity-strength-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#13
Takuo Nomura, Tomoyasu Ishiguro, Masayoshi Ohira, Yukio Ikeda
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: The present study elucidated the effect of diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) on lower extremity strength in a wide age range of type 2 diabetic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants (n = 1,442) were divided into three age groups (30-49 years, 50-69 years, and 70-87 years), and comparisons were made separately for each sex. Lower extremity strength was measured in terms of knee extension force (KEF) with a hand-held dynamometer. KEF was compared according to the presence or absence of DPN...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295444/the-polymorphic-cag-repeat-in-exon1-of-androgen-receptor-is-associated-with-level-of-hdl-cholesterol-and-hypertension-in-chinese-middle-aged-to-elderly-men
#14
Deyu Yang, Jinhai Tian, Xu Zhang, Jingjing Yu, Shuya Li, Zhizhong Wang, Yuying Ma, Lan Liu, Qi Huang, Rong Ma, Jia Wang, Xin Li, Min Jiang
OBJECTIVE: The length of the CAG repeats in exon 1 of the androgen receptor (AR) gene has been shown to be inversely correlated with AR transcriptional activity. This study aimed to investigate the correlations between the length of CAG repeat in AR and serum lipids and hypertension in Chinese men. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: The relationship between length of the CAG repeat in exon 1 of AR with prevalence ofhypertension and the levels of serum lipids among Chinese men(aged ≥ 40 years)...
March 10, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295120/geometric-analysis-of-the-proximal-humerus-in-elderly-japanese-patients-implications-for-implant-selection-in-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty
#15
Keisuke Matsuki, Hiroyuki Sugaya, Shota Hoshika, Yusuke Ueda, Norimasa Takahashi, Morihito Tokai, Kazutomo Onishi, Scott A Banks
The implants used in reverse shoulder arthroplasty were originally designed for white patients; thus, they might not be optimal for smaller Asian patients. The selection of reverse shoulder arthroplasty systems is limited in Japan. The purpose of this study was to measure the geometry of the proximal humerus in elderly Japanese patients to inform implant selection according to humerus size. This study included 155 shoulders from 148 patients 50 years or older who underwent computed tomography for shoulder disorders other than arthritis and trauma...
March 14, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292280/the-impact-of-community-acquired-pneumonia-on-the-health-related-quality-of-life-in-elderly
#16
Marie-Josée J Mangen, Susanne M Huijts, Marc J M Bonten, G Ardine de Wit
BACKGROUND: The sustained health-related quality-of-life of patients surviving community-acquired pneumonia has not been accurately quantified. The aim of the current study was to quantify differences in health-related quality-of-life of community-dwelling elderly with and without community-acquired pneumonia during a 12-month follow-up period. METHODS: In a matched cohort study design, nested in a prospective randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial on the efficacy of the 13-valent pneumococcal vaccine in community-dwelling persons of ≥65 years, health-related quality-of-life was assessed in 562 subjects hospitalized with suspected community-acquired pneumonia (i...
March 14, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291765/cervical-spine-surgery-complications-and-risks-in-the-elderly
#17
Kris Radcliff, Kevin L Ong, Scott Lovald, Edmund Lau, Mark Kurd
STUDY DESIGN: Cervical decompression (CD) and cervical fusion (CF) patients in 5% Medicare Part B claims data. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the complication rate and associated risk factors after cervical spine surgery using a national sample of elderly patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The number of cervical spine procedures in the United States has risen along with associated hospital costs. Postoperative complications lead to longer hospitalizations and greater costs...
March 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291057/mild-cognitive-impairment-and-exposure-to-general-anesthesia-for-surgeries-and-procedures-a-population-based-case-control-study
#18
Juraj Sprung, Rosebud O Roberts, David S Knopman, Lauren L Price, Hunter P Schulz, Christie L Tatsuyama, Toby N Weingarten, Darrell R Schroeder, Andrew C Hanson, Ronald C Petersen, David O Warner
BACKGROUND: To examine whether exposure to general anesthesia for procedures at age ≥40 years is associated with prevalent mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in the elderly. METHODS: A case-control study nested within a population-based cohort. Olmsted County, Minnesota, residents, aged 70-91 years, underwent baseline evaluations that included the Clinical Dementia Rating scale, a neurologic evaluation, and neuropsychologic testing. Individuals identified with MCI (cases) at enrollment were matched 1:2 on age, sex, education, and apolipoprotein genotype with participants who were cognitively normal at the time of the index visit...
April 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290738/increased-risk-of-intraoperative-and-early-postoperative-periprosthetic-femoral-fracture-with-uncemented-stems
#19
Martin Lindberg-Larsen, Christoffer C Jørgensen, Søren Solgaard, Anne G Kjersgaard, Henrik Kehlet
Background and purpose - The use of uncemented fixation in total hip arthroplasty (THA) is increasing. Registry studies have indicated an increased risk of revision of uncemented implants due to early periprosthetic femoral fracture. In this paper, we describe the incidence and predisposing factors for intraoperative and early postoperative (≤ 90 days) periprosthetic femoral fractures after cemented and uncemented THA. Patients and methods - This was a prospective observational study in 8 Danish high-volume centers from February 2010 to November 2013...
March 14, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288976/risk-of-inhospital-stroke-or-death-is-associated-with-age-but-not-sex-in-patients-treated-with-carotid-endarterectomy-for-asymptomatic-or-symptomatic-stenosis-in-routine-practice-secondary-data-analysis-of-the-nationwide-german-statutory-quality-assurance-database
#20
Sofie Schmid, Pavlos Tsantilas, Christoph Knappich, Michael Kallmayer, Thomas König, Thorben Breitkreuz, Alexander Zimmermann, Andreas Kuehnl, Hans-Henning Eckstein
BACKGROUND: Guideline recommendations on carotid endarterectomy are based predominantly on randomized, controlled trials, in which women or elderly patients are often under-represented. This study analyzed the association of age and sex with the risk of in-hospital stroke or death following carotid endarterectomy under routine conditions in Germany. METHODS AND RESULTS: Secondary data analysis using the Statutory German Quality Assurance Database on all carotid endarterectomy procedures (n=142 074) performed between 2009 and 2014...
March 13, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
keyword
keyword
37002
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"