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Sexuality and Aging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431382/childhood-maltreatment-preceding-depressive-disorder-at-age-18-years-a-prospective-brazilian-birth-cohort-study
#1
Erika Alejandra Giraldo Gallo, Christian Loret De Mola, Fernando Wehrmeister, Helen Gonçalves, Christian Kieling, Joseph Murray
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment is linked with increased risk for mental illness in adolescence and adulthood. However, little evidence is available on whether different forms of maltreatment have specific effects, and no prospective studies in low- or middle-income countries have addressed this issue. METHODS: Participants in a population-based, birth cohort study in Pelotas, Brazil (N=3715) self-reported exposure to maltreatment (emotional abuse, physical neglect, physical abuse, sexual abuse, domestic violence) in confidential questionnaires at age 15 years, and were assessed for major depression in interviews at age 18 years, using the MINI...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431301/diversity-training-for-the-community-aged-care-workers-a-conceptual-framework-for-evaluation
#2
Arti Appannah, Claudia Meyer, Rajna Ogrin, Sally McMillan, Elizabeth Barrett, Colette Browning
Older Australians are an increasingly diverse population, with variable characteristics such as culture, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, and physical capabilities potentially influencing their participation in healthcare. In response, community aged care workers may need to increase skills and uptake of knowledge into practice regarding diversity through appropriate training interventions. Diversity training (DT) programs have traditionally existed in the realm of business, with little research attention devoted to scientifically evaluating the outcomes of training directed at community aged care workers...
March 23, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430968/sex-chromosome-dependent-differential-viability-of-human-spermatozoa-during-prolonged-incubation
#3
Young-Ah You, Woo-Sung Kwon, Md Saidur Rahman, Yoo-Jin Park, Young-Ju Kim, Myung-Geol Pang
STUDY QUESTION: Are there significant differences in the ability of X chromosome-bearing (X) spermatozoa and Y chromosome-bearing (Y) spermatozoa to survive incubation under stressful conditions? SUMMARY ANSWER: Y spermatozoa are more vulnerable to stress than their X counterparts depending on culture period and temperature, and show higher expression of apoptotic proteins. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The primary sex ratio is determined by there being an equal number of spermatozoa carrying X and Y chromosomes...
April 19, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430896/evidence-of-secular-trend-in-mandibular-pubertal-growth
#4
Raphael Patcas, Daniel B Wiedemeier, Goran Markic, Philipp Beit, Heidi Keller
Background: During puberty, mandibular growth follows a growth curve comparable to somatic growth. This study aimed to review the relationship between mandibular pubertal peak height velocity (PHV) and skeletal age, and to investigate the possibility of a secular trend. Methods: Retrospective analysis was performed of two historical craniofacial growth studies (Denver Growth Study; observational time: 1943-1965, and Zurich Growth Study; observational time: 1982-1984) of healthy untreated subjects...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430885/lesion-mapping-of-stroke-related-erectile-dysfunction
#5
Klemens Winder, Frank Seifert, Martin Köhrmann, Carl Crodel, Stephan Kloska, Arnd Dörfler, Katharina M Hösl, Stefan Schwab, Max J Hilz
Acute ischaemic stroke in brain areas contributing to male sexual function may impair erectile function depending on the lesion site. This study intended to determine associations between stroke-related erectile dysfunction and cerebral ischaemic lesion sites using voxel-based lesion mapping. In 52 males (mean age 60.5 ± 10.5 years) with first-ever ischaemic strokes, we assessed erectile function after and retrospectively 3 months prior to the stroke using scores of the 5-item International Index of Erectile Function-5 questionnaire...
April 18, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430082/a-community-based-survey-on-syrian-refugee-women-s-health-and-its-predictors-in-%C3%A5-anliurfa-turkey
#6
Zeynep Simsek, Nebiye Yentur Doni, Nese Gül Hilali, Gokhan Yildirimkaya
Reproductive characteristics, mental health symptoms, micronutrient deficiencies, and symptoms of sexually transmitted infections (STI) were determined among married Syrian refugee women aged 15-49 years who were living outside of camps in 2015, using probability sampling. Of the 458 participants, 51.3% married before the age of 18 years. Early-age marriages and number of desired children increased after the war. In multivariable analyses, education (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.2; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1...
April 21, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429951/-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-results-of-1500-surgeries
#7
J Kočárek, J Heráček, M Čermák, F Chmelík, M Matějková
INTRODUCTION: Prostate cancer is the most common malignant disease in men. The number of cases of prostate cancer has increased dramatically in recent 20 years. Radical prostatectomy is a surgical method for the first-line treatment of localised prostate cancer. We performed the first robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy on December 16th, 2005, achieved the boundary of 1000 robotic-assisted radical prostatectomies in 2012, and in 2015, we successfully completed the 1500th robotic-assisted operation on the prostate...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429716/polyembryoma-of-the-testis-a-report-of-two-cases-dominant-within-mixed-germ-cell-tumors-and-review-of-gonadal-polyembryomas
#8
REVIEW
Jennifer N Stall, Robert H Young
Two testicular mixed germ cell tumors, from men of 21 and 41 years, in which polyembryoma predominated are described. A literature review uncovered an additional five testicular and nine ovarian cases. One tumor occurred in a 60-year-old man, but all others occurred within the typical age range of gonadal germ cell tumors. One male presented with gynecomastia and one female with sexual precocity, but all otherwise had standard clinical manifestations. These tumors are typically large with non-specific gross features, but a few have a prominent hemorrhagic appearance...
April 21, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429396/children-s-uncertain-responses-when-testifying-about-alleged-sexual-abuse-in-scottish-courts
#9
Samantha J Andrews, Elizabeth C Ahern, Michael E Lamb
This study examined the uncertain responses of 56 alleged sexual abuse victims, aged 5-17 years, testifying in Scottish criminal court trials. Don't know/remember ground rules were explained to 38% of the children and each child reported uncertainty in response to 15% of the questions on average. Uncertain responding was associated with expressions of resistance and confusion, questioning context (proportionally more regarding substantive than non-substantive issues), question content (least to disclosure-focused questions), utterance type (more to directives, particularly those posed by defense lawyers; more to recall-based than recognition prompts), and age (children in mid-adolescence were less likely to respond uncertainly than those who were either older or younger)...
April 20, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427955/preventing-alcohol-and-tobacco-exposed-pregnancies-choices-plus-in-primary-care
#10
Mary M Velasquez, Kirk L von Sternberg, R Louise Floyd, Danielle Parrish, Alicia Kowalchuk, Nanette S Stephens, Britta Ostermeyer, Charles Green, J Paul Seale, Patricia Dolan Mullen
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol and tobacco use are common among U.S. women, yet if used during pregnancy these substances present significant preventable risks to prenatal and perinatal health. Because use of alcohol and tobacco often continue into the first trimester and beyond, especially among women with unintended pregnancies, effective evidence-based approaches are needed to decrease these risk behaviors. This study was designed to test the efficacy of CHOICES Plus, a preconception intervention for reducing the risk of alcohol- and tobacco-exposed pregnancies (AEPs and TEPs)...
April 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427495/sexual-dysfunction-among-chinese-nurses-prevalence-and-predictors
#11
Yi Qun Yang, Qian Xu, Wei Jun Tong, Chun Lan Gao, Hong Mei Li
This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of and identify the factors influencing female sexual dysfunction (FSD) among Chinese nurses. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from March 2013 to May 2014 among 6 hospitals in Suzhou, China. In total, 2,030 married female nurses were included in the analysis. Data on the sociodemographic, lifestyle, and self-reported health status of the participants were collected, and the participants were asked to complete the Chinese version of the 19-item Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire...
March 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427369/suicidal-ideation-and-its-correlates-among-high-school-students-in-iran-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Reza Ziaei, Eija Viitasara, Joaquim Soares, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazarghani, Saeed Dastgiri, Ali Hossein Zeinalzadeh, Farhad Bahadori, Reza Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Globally, the second leading cause of death among adolescents is suicide and in middle-income countries adolescents' suicidal ideation is a neglected public health area. The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation among 15-17-year-old high school students in Iran. METHODS: Self-administered, Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS) questionnaires were distributed to a representative sample (N =1517) of high-school students aged 15-17 in the city of Tabriz...
April 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426620/committee-opinion-no-699-adolescent-pregnancy-contraception-and-sexual-activity
#13
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, the birth rate among U.S. adolescents and young adults (aged 15-19 years) reached a historic low at 22.3 per 1,000 women. Despite positive trends, the United States continues to have the highest adolescent pregnancy rate among industrialized countries with data. Racial and ethnic disparities in adolescent pregnancy rates continue to exist, as do state-based differences in pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports access for adolescents to all contraceptive methods approved by the U...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426615/committee-opinion-no-699-adolescent-pregnancy-contraception-and-sexual-activity
#14
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, the birth rate among U.S. adolescents and young adults (aged 15-19 years) reached a historic low at 22.3 per 1,000 women. Despite positive trends, the United States continues to have the highest adolescent pregnancy rate among industrialized countries with data. Racial and ethnic disparities in adolescent pregnancy rates continue to exist, as do state-based differences in pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports access for adolescents to all contraceptive methods approved by the U...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426560/universal-screening-for-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-in-trauma-patients-an-east-multicenter-trial
#15
Tanya L Zakrison, Xiomara Ruiz, Rondi Gelbard, John Cline, David Turay, Xian Luo-Owen, Nicholas Namias, Marie Crandall, Jessica George, Brian H Williams
BACKGROUND: A single center trial recently demonstrated a prevalence of 14% of intimate partner and sexual violence (IPSV) amongst both male and female trauma patients, regardless of mechanism of injury. We aimed to determine if this phenomenon was similar to rates in other trauma centers by assessing the feasibility of universal screening, and determining the prevalence and association of IPSV with other trauma-associated comorbidities. METHODS: We designed an EAST- supported multicenter, prospective observational cohort study involving four Level I trauma centers throughout the United States...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426546/methamphetamine-use-and-dependence-in-vulnerable-female-populations
#16
Phunnapa Kittirattanapaiboon, Soontaree Srikosai, Apisak Wittayanookulluk
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The study reviews recent publications on methamphetamine use and dependence women in term of their epidemic, physical health impact, psychosocial impacts, and also in the identified vulnerable issues. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies of vulnerable populations of women are wide ranging and include sex workers, sexual minorities, homeless, psychiatric patients, suburban women, and pregnant women, in which amphetamine type stimulants (ATSs) are the most commonly reported illicit drug used among them...
April 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426534/age-disparate-relationships-and-hiv-incidence-in-adolescent-girls-and-young-women-evidence-from-a-general-population-cohort-in-zimbabwe
#17
Robin Schaefer, Simon Gregson, Jeffrey W Eaton, Owen Mugurungi, Rebecca Rhead, Albert Takaruza, Rufurwokuda Maswera, Constance Nyamukapa
OBJECTIVE: Age-disparate sexual relationships with older men may drive high rates of HIV acquisition in young women in sub-Saharan Africa but evidence is limited. We investigate the association between age-disparate relationships and HIV incidence in Manicaland, Zimbabwe. DESIGN: A general-population open-cohort study (six surveys) (1998-2013). METHODS: 3746 young women aged 15-24 years participated in consecutive surveys and were HIV-negative at the beginning of inter-survey periods...
April 19, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426406/infection-of-the-lesser-spotted-dogfish-with-proleptus-obtusus-dujardin-1845-nematoda-spirurida-reflects-ontogenetic-feeding-behaviour-and-seasonal-differences-in-prey-availability
#18
Carlota Silva, Ana Veríssimo, Pedro Cardoso, Jo Cable, Raquel Xavier
Proleptus obtusus Dujardin, 1845 is the most common parasite infecting the gut of the lesser spotted dogfish (Scyliorhinus canicula, Linnaeus). This nematode is trophically transmitted from an intermediate crustacean host to the definitive elasmobranch host. Sexual and age-related differences in habitat occupancy and feeding behaviour of the lesser spotted dogfish make this parasite-host dyad ideal for testing which aspects of host biology influence parasite transmission. Here, the relationship between P. obtusus burden and host condition, sex and age were investigated in lesser spotted dogfish captured in the Northeast Atlantic...
June 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426361/sociodemographic-and-substance-use-disorder-determinants-of-hiv-sexual-risk-behavior-in-men-and-women-in-outpatient-drug-treatment-in-the-nida-national-drug-abuse-treatment-clinical-trials-network
#19
Jeremy D Kidd, Susan Tross, Martina Pavlicova, Mei-Chen Hu, Aimee N C Campbell, Edward V Nunes
BACKGROUND: Sexual risk behavior is now the primary vector of HIV transmission among substance users in the United States with gender as a crucial moderator of risk behavior. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine gender differences in factors (age, race/ethnicity, education) that predict main-partner unprotected sexual occasions (USO) using the unique platform of two parallel NIDA National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network gender-specific safer sex intervention trials...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426319/the-monetary-cost-of-sexual-assault-to-privately-insured-us-women-in-2013
#20
Ashley M Tennessee, Tamala S Bradham, Brandi M White, Kit N Simpson
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether privately insured female rape victims were billed for charges associated with a specific rape in the United States. METHODS: We examined 2013 de-identified patient data from Truven Analytics Health MarketScan database for an assault that occurred by using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, code E960.1. RESULTS: Analysis of insurance providers' payment patterns for 1355 incident events to female victims aged between 16 and 61 years revealed that victims remit, on average, 14% or $948 of the rape cost, whereas insurance providers pay 86% or $5789 of the total cost...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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