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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817790/maximum-lifetime-body-mass-index-and-mortality-in-mexican-american-adults-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-iii-1988-1994-and-nhanes-1999-2010
#1
Carrie R Howell, Kevin Fontaine, Keisuke Ejima, Kirsten K Ness, Andrea Cherrington, Tapan Mehta
INTRODUCTION: Studies in US Hispanic adults indicate no deleterious association between obesity and death. We tested the hypothesis that accounting for weight history would provide more insight into this nonassociation. METHODS: We used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to examine associations between maximum lifetime body mass index (BMI) and all-cause and cause-specific mortality among US-residing Mexican American adults. BMI was classified as underweight (<18...
August 17, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817744/predictors-of-corneal-perforation-or-need-for-therapeutic-keratoplasty-in-severe-fungal-keratitis-a-secondary-analysis-of-the-mycotic-ulcer-treatment-trial-ii
#2
N Venkatesh Prajna, Tiruvengada Krishnan, Revathi Rajaraman, Sushila Patel, Ranjeet Shah, Muthiah Srinivasan, Manoranjan Das, Kathryn J Ray, Catherine E Oldenburg, Stephen D McLeod, Michael E Zegans, Nisha R Acharya, Thomas M Lietman, Jennifer Rose-Nussbaumer
Importance: Identifying patients with infectious keratitis who are at risk of experiencing a poor outcome may be useful to allocate resources toward high- risk patients, particularly in resource-poor settings. Objective: To determine baseline patient and ulcer characteristics that predict a high risk of developing corneal perforation and/or the need to undergo therapeutic penetrating keratoplasty (TPK). Design, Setting, and Participants: This is a secondary analysis of Mycotic Ulcer Treatment Trial II, a multicenter, double-masked, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial that enrolled 240 patients with smear-positive filamentous fungal corneal ulcers who enrolled between May 2010 and August 2015...
August 17, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817734/treatment-gap-and-barriers-for-mental-health-care-a-cross-sectional-community-survey-in-nepal
#3
Nagendra P Luitel, Mark J D Jordans, Brandon A Kohrt, Sujit D Rathod, Ivan H Komproe
CONTEXT: There is limited research on the gap between the burden of mental disorders and treatment use in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the treatment gap among adults with depressive disorder (DD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) and to examine possible barriers to initiation and continuation of mental health treatment in Nepal. METHODS: A three-stage sampling technique was used in the study to select 1,983 adults from 10 Village Development Committees (VDCs) of Chitwan district...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817733/changing-patterns-of-cataract-services-in-north-west-nigeria-2005-2016
#4
Nasiru Muhammad, Mohammed Dantani Adamu, Mpyet Caleb, Nuhu Mohammed Maishanu, Aliyu Mohammed Jabo, Muhammad Mansur Rabiu, Covadonga Bascaran, Sunday Isiyaku, Allen Foster
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to assess the impact of the eye care programme on cataract blindness and cataract surgical services in Sokoto, Nigeria over a 12 year period 2005-2016. METHODS: Data from the 2005 population based cross-sectional study of blindness in Sokoto state was re-analysed to obtain baseline estimates of the prevalence of cataract blindness and cataract surgical coverage for persons 50 years and over in Wurno health zone. A population based survey of a representative sample of persons 50 years and over in Wurno health zone was conducted in July 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817714/insights-into-secular-trends-of-respiratory-tuberculosis-the-20th-century-maltese-experience
#5
Lianne Tripp, Larry A Sawchuk
Over half a century ago, McKeown and colleagues proposed that economics was a major contributor to the decline of infectious diseases, including respiratory tuberculosis, during the 19th and 20th centuries. Since then, there is no consensus among researchers as to the factors responsible for the mortality decline. Using the case study of the islands of Malta and Gozo, we examine the relationship of economics, in particular, the cost of living (Fisher index) and its relationship to the secular trends of tuberculosis mortality...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817706/hiv-infection-antiretroviral-therapy-and-measures-of-endothelial-function-inflammation-metabolism-and-oxidative-stress
#6
Andrew Dysangco, Ziyue Liu, James H Stein, Michael P Dubé, Samir K Gupta
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected patients have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Impaired endothelial function is an early risk factor for CVD in the general population. It is presumed that HIV infection is associated with impaired endothelial function, but results have been inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to determine the relationships between HIV infection, virologic suppression with antiretroviral therapy (ART), in vivo measures of conduit artery and microvascular endothelial function, and circulating biomarkers of pathways associated with CVD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817672/estimated-future-incidence-of-malignant-mesothelioma-in-south-korea-projection-from-2014-to-2033
#7
Kyeong Min Kwak, Domyung Paek, Seung-Sik Hwang, Young-Su Ju
Malignant mesothelioma is a malignant tumor on the pleura or the peritoneum caused mostly by asbestos. Although asbestos is not currently used in South Korea, the incidence of mesothelioma is increasing due to its long latent period. This study predicted the incidence of malignant mesothelioma in South Korea over the next 20 years using an age-period-cohort (APC) model. Data regarding mesothelioma incidence from 1994-2013 were acquired from the Korea Central Cancer Registry (KCCR). Demographic data, including prospective resident data, were acquired from the Korean Statistical Information Service (KOSIS) for 1994-2033...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817665/concentrations-of-trace-elements-in-human-milk-comparisons-among-women-in-argentina-namibia-poland-and-the-united-states
#8
Laura D Klein, Alicia A Breakey, Brooke Scelza, Claudia Valeggia, Grazyna Jasienska, Katie Hinde
Human milk contains essential micronutrients for growth and development during early life. Environmental pollutants, such as potentially toxic metals, can also be transferred to the infant through human milk. These elements have been well-studied, but changing diets and environments and advances in laboratory technology require re-examining these elements in a variety of settings. The aim of this study was to characterize the concentrations of essential and toxic metals in human milk from four diverse populations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817419/the-association-of-fat-and-lean-tissue-with-whole-body-and-spine-bone-mineral-density-is-modified-by-hiv-status-and-sex-in-children-and-youth
#9
Denise L Jacobson, Jane C Lindsey, Brent A Coull, Kathleen Mulligan, Priya Bhagwat, Grace M Aldrovandi
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected (HIV-pos) male children/youth showed lower bone mineral density at sexual maturity than HIV-uninfected (HIV-neg) females. It is not known whether complications of HIV disease, including abnormal body fat distribution, contribute to lower bone accrual in male HIV-pos adolescents. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we evaluated the relationship between body composition (fat and lean mass) and bone mass in HIV-pos and HIV-neg children/youth and determined if it is modified by HIV status and sex...
August 16, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817331/urban-rural-differences-in-suicide-in-the-state-of-maryland-the-role-of-firearms
#10
Paul S Nestadt, Patrick Triplett, David R Fowler, Ramin Mojtabai
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether the use of firearms explains rural-urban differences in suicide rates. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis on all 6196 well-characterized adult suicides in Maryland from 2003 through 2015. We computed rate ratios by using census data and then stratified by sex, with adjustment for age and race. RESULTS: Suicide rates were higher in rural compared with urban counties. However, the higher rural suicide rates were limited to firearm suicides (incident rate ratio [IRR] = 1...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817329/assessing-years-of-life-lost-versus-number-of-deaths-in-the-united-states-1995-2015
#11
Glen B Taksler, Michael B Rothberg
OBJECTIVES: To assess years of life lost to each cause of death in the United States between 1995 and 2015, and compare it with the number of deaths. METHODS: We used Vital Statistics mortality data and defined "life-years lost" as remaining life expectancy for each decedent's age, sex, and race. We calculated the share of life-years lost to each cause of death in each year, and examined reasons for changes. RESULTS: In 2015, heart disease caused the most deaths, but cancer caused 23% more life-years lost...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817074/familial-resemblance-in-dietary-intakes-of-children-adolescents-and-parents-does-dietary-quality-play-a-role
#12
Leonie H Bogl, Karri Silventoinen, Antje Hebestreit, Timm Intemann, Garrath Williams, Nathalie Michels, Dénes Molnár, Angie S Page, Valeria Pala, Stalo Papoutsou, Iris Pigeot, Lucia A Reisch, Paola Russo, Toomas Veidebaum, Luis A Moreno, Lauren Lissner, Jaakko Kaprio
Information on familial resemblance is important for the design of effective family-based interventions. We aimed to quantify familial correlations and estimate the proportion of variation attributable to genetic and shared environmental effects (i.e., familiality) for dietary intake variables and determine whether they vary by generation, sex, dietary quality, or by the age of the children. The study sample consisted of 1435 families (1007 mothers, 438 fathers, 1035 daughters, and 1080 sons) from the multi-center I...
August 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816975/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-posterior-cage-migration-following-decompression-and-instrumented-fusion-for-degenerative-lumbar-disorders
#13
Hua Li, Hui Wang, Yanbo Zhu, Wenyuan Ding, Qian Wang
The aim of this study was to explore the incidence and risk factors for posterior cage migration (PCM) following decompression and instrumented fusion for degenerative lumbar disorders, and hope to provide references in decision making and surgical planning for spine surgeons.By retrieving the medical records from January 2011 to December 2015, 286 patients were retrospectively reviewed. According to the occurrence of PCM, patients were divided into 2 groups: PCM group and non-PCM (N-PCM). To investigate risk values for PCM, 3 categorized factors were analyzed statistically: patient characteristics: age, sex, body mass index, bone mineral density, duration of disease, diagnosis, comorbidity, smoke; surgical variables: surgery time, blood loss, surgical strategy, cage morphology, cage size, surgical segment, fusion number, source of bone graft, surgeon experience; radiographic parameters: preoperative lumbar lordosis, correction of lumbar lordosis, preoperative lumbar mobility, preoperative intervertebral height, change of intervertebral height, Modic changes, paraspinal muscle degeneration...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816946/prognostic-factors-of-clinical-endpoints-in-elderly-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-during-a-2-year-follow-up-in-china-an-observational-cohort-study
#14
Hao Wang, Hai-Jun Wang, Ya-Dong Chen, Tao Tao, Yu-Tao Guo, Xiao-Ning Zhao, Hong-Bin Liu, Yu-Tang Wang
This study aimed to reveal the incidence of clinical endpoints in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) during a 2-year follow-up and evaluate the related prognostic factors of these endpoints.In total, 200 elderly patients with AF and 400 age- and sex-matched patients without AF were enrolled in this prospective observational cohort study. The incidence of clinical endpoints, including thromboembolism, hemorrhage, and all-cause death, during the 2-year follow-up was analyzed. Other follow-up data, including disease history, laboratory examinations, medication status, and other clinical endpoints, were collected...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816934/midterm-outcomes-of-intracranial-aneurysms-with-bleb-formation-with-densely-coiling-of-the-aneurismal-neck-or-entire-aneurysm
#15
Jun Wan, Lei Zhang, Gang Lu, Weijin Gu, Lei Huang, Liang Ge, Xiaolong Zhang, Lihua Ji, Qing Chen, Ruoyu Di, Yeqing Jiang
To evaluate whether the efficacy and safety of embolization of the aneurysmal neck were better than those of embolization of the entire aneurysm. Previous studies found that embolization of the aneurysmal neck can be used for treating ruptured intracranial aneurysm with bleb formation.In all, 163 patients with ruptured aneurysms with bleb formation who underwent endovascular embolization at the Shanghai Municipal Jing'an District Central Hospital from January 2014 to August 2015 were divided into the embolization of aneurysmal neck group (neck group; 87 cases) and embolization of entire aneurysm group (aneurysm group; 76 cases)...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816918/the-impact-of-negative-life-events-on-attempted-suicide-in-rural-china
#16
Yanzheng Liu, Jie Zhang
This study aims to explore the impact of negative life events (NLEs) on attempted suicide in a Chinese cultural setting. The sample comprised 791 suicide attempters and an equal number of controls matched on age, sex, and location from selected rural counties in China. Conditional logistic regression model was used to examine the association between NLEs and suicide risk. The impact of NLEs on attempted suicide was further examined using regression-based method to explore its mediation effect. The types of NLEs that were most likely to precede a suicide attempt in rural sample included the events in marriage/love, family/home, and friend/relationship...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816913/influence-of-written-informed-consent-for-methylphenidate-on-medicine-persistence-rates-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#17
Kristian Naenen-Hernani, Antonio Palazón-Bru, Francisco Colomina-Climent, Vicente F Gil-Guillén
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of written informed consent on nonpersistence with methylphenidate treatment in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: We undertook a cohort study including 141 children with ADHD who started treatment with methylphenidate, with a follow-up of 6 months. The main outcome variable was nonpersistence, defined as discontinuation of treatment by the patient. Two groups were analyzed with and without written informed consent...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816896/factors-associated-with-adverse-events-in-inpatient-elective-spine-knee-and-hip-orthopaedic-surgery
#18
Dov B Millstone, Anthony V Perruccio, Elizabeth M Badley, Y Raja Rampersaud
BACKGROUND: Orthopaedic procedures for degenerative musculoskeletal conditions (predominantly osteoarthritis and spinal stenosis) represent an increasing burden on the health-care system. These procedures are also associated with adverse event rates and related cost. The objective of this study was to identify risk factors for adverse events associated with orthopaedic surgeries as captured within a common clinical point-of-care system for documenting adverse events (Orthopaedic Surgical AdVerse Events Severity [OrthoSAVES] system)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816820/factors-that-influence-of-trabectome-surgery-for-glaucoma-patients
#19
Naoki Tojo, Shinya Abe, Atsushi Hayashi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the factors that influence the outcome of trabectome surgery. METHODS: This was a retrospective nonrandomized study. Seventy-eight glaucoma patients (86 eyes) who underwent trabectome surgeries and were followed up for more than 12 months were included. We classified the subtypes of glaucoma as: primary open-angle glaucoma (23 eyes), pseudo-exfoliation glaucoma (58 eyes), and secondary glaucoma (5 eyes). Forty-seven eyes underwent cataract and trabectome surgeries simultaneously, and 39 underwent only trabectome surgery...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816770/prevalence-of-disability-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain-and-rheumatic-diseases-in-a-population-from-cuenca-ecuador
#20
Sergio Vicente Guevara-Pacheco, Astrid Feican-Alvarado, Jorge Delgado-Pauta, Angelita Lliguisaca-Segarra, Ingris Pelaez-Ballestas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of disability in patients with musculoskeletal pain and rheumatic diseases in Cuenca, Ecuador. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analytical study with randomized sampling in 4877 subjects, from urban and rural areas. COPCORD (Community Oriented Program for Control of Rheumatic Diseases)-validated questionnaire was administered house-to-house to identify subjects with nontraumatic musculoskeletal pain and rheumatic diseases...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
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