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Sexuality, Sex and Aging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148836/automatic-sex-liking-and-sex-failure-associations-in-men-with-sexual-dysfunction
#1
Jacques J D M van Lankveld, Peter J de Jong, Marcus J M J Henckens, Philip den Hollander, Anja J H C van den Hout, Peter de Vries
Current models of sexual functioning imply an important role for both automatic and controlled appraisals. Accordingly, it can be hypothesized that erectile dysfunction may be due to the automatic activation of negative appraisals at the prospect of sexual intercourse. However, previous research showed that men with sexual dysfunction exhibited relatively strong automatic sex-positive instead of sex-negative associations. This study tested the robustness of this unexpected finding and, additionally, examined the hypothesis that perhaps more specific sex-failure versus sex-success associations are relevant in explaining sexual dysfunction and distress...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146122/health-and-wellbeing-of-indigenous-adolescents-in-australia-a-systematic-synthesis-of-population-data
#2
Peter S Azzopardi, Susan M Sawyer, John B Carlin, Louisa Degenhardt, Ngiare Brown, Alex D Brown, George C Patton
BACKGROUND: Indigenous populations have high rates of disease and premature mortality. Most Indigenous communities are young, and adolescence (age 10-24 years) provides great opportunities for population health gain. However, the absence of a comprehensive account of Indigenous adolescents' health has been a barrier to effective policy. We aimed to report a national health profile for Indigenous adolescents in Australia. METHODS: We undertook a systematic synthesis of population data to report the health and wellbeing of Indigenous adolescents in Australia...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144824/17%C3%AE-hydroxylase-deficiency-is-an-underdiagnosed-disease-high-frequency-of-misdiagnoses-in-a-large-cohort-of-brazilian-patients
#3
Rafaela Fontenele, Marivânia Costa-Santos, Claudio E Kater
OBJECTIVE: 17α-Hydroxylase deficiency (P450c17D) is characterized by hypogonadism and mineralocorticoid hypertension. We aimed to estimate the relative incidence and spectrum of preliminary misdiagnoses in Brazilian P450c17D patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: We reviewed, updated, and analyzed data of 40 P450c17D patients (21 XY, 19 XX). RESULTS: Complete data were unavailable for two patients. Seven patients were relatives of an index case...
November 16, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143628/do-the-status-and-empowerment-of-mothers-predict-their-daughters-reproductive-outcomes
#4
Jessica D Gipson, Dawn M Upchurch
BACKGROUND: Despite increased recognition of the important influences of women's status and empowerment on social and health outcomes for women and their families, there are few investigations that examine the extent to which any gains in women's empowerment may be transmitted intergenerationally, that is, between mothers and their daughters. METHODS: This study seeks to address this gap by using data from a unique, longitudinal, and intergenerational dataset from Cebu, Philippines (1994-2009), to examine potential influences of the status of mothers on subsequent reproductive health outcomes among their daughters...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143162/anti-retroviral-status-and-hiv-transmission-risk-behaviors-are-associated-with-age-time-since-diagnosis-and-psychosocial-factors-among-women-living-with-hiv-aids-enrolling-in-the-willow-intervention-at-community-based-organizations
#5
Weston O Williams, Tanesha Griffin, Gary Uhl
Safe sexual behaviors and anti-retroviral use help prevent HIV transmission. In this cross-sectional study, we assessed correlates of anti-retroviral (ART) status and transmission risk (a constructed variable) among a convenience sample of n = 1041 HIV-positive women (pre-intervention) enrolled in an evidence-based intervention at four CBOs. Multinomial logistic regression models were used. Younger women and those diagnosed with HIV in the last 5 years more often reported that they had not been prescribed ART...
November 15, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141635/repeat-testing-for-chlamydia-trachomatis-a-safe-approach-to-unsafe-sex-a-qualitative-exploration-among-youth-in-stockholm
#6
Anna Nielsen, Ayesha De Costa, Kristina Gemzell Danielsson, Mariano Salazar
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis testing is offered to youth in Sweden, through a network of Youth Health Clinics, free at the point of care, in an attempt to bring down the prevalence and incidence of the infection. Nevertheless, infections rates have continued to rise during the past two decades and re-testing rates among youth for Chlamydia trachomatis has been reported to be high in Stockholm County. A few literature reports suggest that testing for sexually transmitted infections and the test result itself can have an undesirable impact on the sexual behaviour for the individual, i...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141354/-research-progress-on-unprotected-anal-intercourse-and-its-influencing-factors-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#7
S Lu, D M Li
The prevalence of HIV infections continues to rise among Chinese MSM. This population is prone to has high-risk behaviors including having multiple sexual partners, unprotected anal intercourse (UAI), etc. This paper summarizes the situation of UAI and related influencing factors, including age, educational level, number of sexual partners, recreational drug abusing and related status of discrimination, etc. The purpose of this article is to provide reference for targeted intervention and prevention of HIV among MSM population...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140871/hiv-prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#8
Elia John Mmbaga, Kåre Moen, Germana Henry Leyna, Rose Mpembeni, Melkizedeck Thomas Leshabari
INTRODUCTION: Limited studies and differential risk behaviours among men who have sex with men(MSM) in Africa calls for population specific studies. We present results from the largest integrated bio-behavioural survey among MSM in Africa to inform programming. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study utilizing respondent driven sampling to recruit MSM aged 18 and above. Data on socio-demographic characteristics and HIV-related risks were collected and all participants were tested for HIV, Herpes Simplex Virus Type-2 (HSV-2), Hepatitis-B Virus (HBV) and Syphilis...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140150/radiotherapy-for-cervical-cancer-impact-on-the-vaginal-epithelium-and-sexual-function
#9
Alexandra Hofsjö, Karin Bergmark, Bo Blomgren, Helen Jahren, Nina Bohm-Starke
BACKGROUND: Women who have been treated for cervical cancer have persistent changes in their sexual function, which result in considerable distress. The aim of this study was to investigate the morphology of the vaginal epithelium in cervical cancer survivors treated with radiotherapy and its correlation to serum levels of sex steroid hormones and sexual function. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included 34 patients treated for cervical cancer with radiotherapy and 37 healthy age-matched control women scheduled for benign gynecological surgery...
November 15, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139129/reproductive-biology-of-female-striped-marlin-kajikia-audax-in-the-western-pacific-ocean
#10
H-Y Chang, C-L Sun, S-Z Yeh, Y-J Chang, N-J Su, G DiNardo
Length and mass data for 1260 (536 females, 683 males, 41 sex unknown) striped marlin Kajikia audax were collected at the fish markets of Tungkang, Singkang and Nanfangao from July 2004 to September 2010. Of these samples, 534 gonads (236 females and 298 males) ranging from 95 to 206 cm in eye-to-fork length (LEF ) and 8 to 88 kg in round mass (MR ), were collected. Chi-square tests indicated sex ratios were homogeneous among months in 2004 and 2006-2008, but not in 2005, 2009 and 2010; and there were significant differences in sex ratio by size...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136745/-willingness-and-influencing-factors-of-using-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-among-301-men-have-sex-with-men-in-wuhan-city-2015
#11
P Y Xie, X Wang, P L Liu, X D Tan, W Zhou
Objective: To understand willingness and influencing factors of using pre-exposure prophylaxis (Pr-EP) among men who have sex with men (MSM). Methods: Snow ball sampling was employed to recruit MSM in the social spaces (like bars and bathrooms) with focused activities by MSM and internet (QQ and Wechat) in Wuhan between August and November, 2015. 304 MSM were considered eligible when they were self-identified MSM and has had sex with men in the previous 12 months, over the age of 18 and have full civil liability...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136744/-factors-associated-with-syphilis-hiv-infection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-shenzhen-2011-2016
#12
Y M Cai, Y J Song, H Liu, F C Hong
Objective: To investigate the factors associated with syphilis/HIV infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) maintaining a single sexual partner in Shenzhen. Methods: Respondent driven sampling and snowball sampling method were used to recruit MSM receiving voluntary counseling and testing in Shenzhen Rainbow clinic from 2011 to 2016. INCLUSION CRITERIA: aged 18 years and above; reported having one or more anal sexual partners in the recent 6 months. A total of 3 109 men who have sex with men (MSM) were involved in the study...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136741/-characteristics-of-non-marital-and-non-commercial-heterosexual-transmission-of-hiv-infection-in-miao-dong-autonomous-prefecture-of-qiandongnan
#13
Q Y Yu, F L Wang, P Xu, H J Wen, Y X Xiong, J Yang, Y Long, H J He, J Shi, P Lyu
Objective: The goal of this research was to understand the demographic distribution and related factors of non-marital and non-commercial heterosexual transmission (non-commercial transmission) for HIV/AIDS (human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). Methods: Data related to HIV/AIDS infected by non-marital heterosexual transmission and whose present address was in Qian Dongnan, were collected from Information System on the HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control. Information included demographic characteristics, the members of non-marital sex partners, transmission path, detection source, CD4(+)T lymphocyte level, et al...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136184/female-mimicry-by-sneaker-males-has-a-transcriptomic-signature-in-both-the-brain-and-gonad-in-a-sex-changing-fish
#14
Erica V Todd, Hui Liu, Melissa S Lamm, Jodi T Thomas, Kim Rutherford, Kelly C Thompson, John R Godwin, Neil J Gemmell
Phenotypic plasticity represents an elegant adaptive response of individuals to a change in their environment. Bluehead wrasses (Thalassoma bifasciatum) exhibit astonishing sexual plasticity, including female-to-male sex change and discrete male morphs that differ strikingly in behaviour, morphology and gonadal investment. Using RNA-seq transcriptome profiling, we examined the genes and physiological pathways underlying flexible behavioural and gonadal differences among female, dominant (bourgeois) male, and female-mimic (sneaker) male blueheads...
November 8, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136009/early-resumption-of-sexual-activity-following-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-in-botswana-a-qualitative-study
#15
Jenny H Ledikwe, Nankie M Ramabu, Lisa P Spees, Scott Barnhart, Conrad Ntsuape, Bazghina-Werq Semo, Kathleen E Wirth
Unprotected sexual intercourse after undergoing voluntary medical male circumcision but prior to complete wound healing can lead to major adverse events including HIV acquisition. To better understand perceptions related to early resumption of sex prior to wound healing, 27 focus group discussions were conducted among 238 adult men, women, and community leaders in Botswana. Median age among all participants was 31 years of whom 60% were male and 51% were either employed and receiving salary or self-employed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135988/evolution-of-acute-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-a-large-european-city-trends-and-new-patterns
#16
César Garriga, Sandra Manzanares-Laya, Patricia García de Olalla, Pilar Gorrindo, Sabela Lens, Ricard Solà, María Martínez-Rebollar, Montserrat Laguno, Jordi Navarro, Xavier Torras, Mercè Gurguí, María-Jesús Barberá, Josep Quer, Eva Masdeu, Pere Simón, Miriam Ros, Anna de Andrés, Joan A Caylà
The aims of this study were to describe the evolution of acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections since 2004 and to determine its associated factors. Acute HCV infections diagnosed in Barcelona from 2004 to 2015 were included. Incidence ratios (IR) were then estimated for sex and age groups. Cases were grouped between 2004-2005, 2006-2011 and 2012-2015, and their incidence rate ratios (IRR) were calculated. In addition, risk factors for acute HCV infection were identified using multinomial logistic regression for complete, available and multiple imputed data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132501/low-education-levels-are-associated-with-early-age-of-sexual-debut-drug-use-and-risky-sexual-behaviours-among-young-indigenous-australians
#17
Handan Wand, Joanne Bryant, Heather Worth, Marian Pitts, John M Kaldor, Dea Delaney-Thiele, James Ward
Background: Earlier age at sexual debut is associated with drug and alcohol use, risky sexual behaviours and sexually transmissible infections (STI). Methods: In the present study, 2320 young Indigenous Australians were surveyed. Results: Most study participants had sex for the first time when they were 14 years or younger (79% and 67% for males and females respectively). More than 80% of participants were categorised as being in the high-risk category for the combined sexual risk factors (i.e. not using condoms, drunk or high at last sexual act, or three or more sexual partners in the past year)...
November 14, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131695/time-since-first-acting-on-same-sex-attraction-and-recreational-drug-use-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-is-there-an-effect-of-gay-age
#18
Cara E Rice, Sara A Vasilenko, Stephanie T Lanza, John A Davis, Karen S Fields, Melissa Ervin, Abigail Norris Turner
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) have higher rates of substance use compared to men who have sex with women. Among MSM, drug use is linked to higher-risk sexual behavior and acquisition of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesize that time since first acting on one's same sex attraction, or one's "gay age", could be predictive of drug using behavior. METHODS: We examined this question among 176 MSM, aged 18-35, presenting at a public sexual health clinic...
November 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129587/thighplasty-improving-aesthetics-through-revival-of-the-medial-horizontal-procedure-a-safe-and-scar-saving-option
#19
Karl Schwaiger, Elisabeth Russe, Klemens Heinrich, Florian Ensat, Gernot Steiner, Gottfried Wechselberger, Michaela Hladik
INTRODUCTION: Thighplasty is a common bodycontouring procedure, but also associated with a high complication rate. The purpose of this study was to access the outcome of the medial horizontal thigh lift as it is a common surgical technique regarding thigh deformity correction performed at the authors' department. Surgical keysteps, clinical applications, advantages and disadvantages of the procedure are shown. Postoperative evaluation took place with special focus on individual patient satisfaction...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129463/patterns-of-e-cigarette-use-frequency-national-adult-tobacco-survey-2012-2014
#20
Saida R Sharapova, Tushar Singh, Israel T Agaku, Sara M Kennedy, Brian A King
INTRODUCTION: Accounting for occasional or intermittent e-cigarette use has yielded higher estimates of current use among U.S. adults. However, frequency of e-cigarette use by population subgroups is not well described. This study assessed e-cigarette use frequency by sociodemographic characteristics and other tobacco product use among U.S. adults. METHODS: This study analyzed combined data from the 2012-2013 (n=60,192) and 2013-2014 (n=75,233) National Adult Tobacco Survey, a telephone-based survey of U...
November 3, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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