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Tamara Ilić, Zsolt Becskei, Bojan Gajić, József Özvegy, Predrag Stepanović, Katarina Nenadović, Sanda Dimitrijević
This report represents the prevalence of endoparasitic infections of birds in zoological gardens in Serbia. Coprological examination conducted during 2015 and 2016, involved samples from 318 individual birds belonging to 112 species, in three zoo gardens (Belgrade, Palić and Bor). Individual faeces samples were analysed by the flotation method in salt solution. The presence of endoparasites was established in 51.96% (Belgrade), 46.16% (Palić) and 16.66% (Bor) of the tested birds. We diagnosed coccidian oocysts, eggs of Capillaria spp, Heterakis spp, Trichostrongylus spp, Ascaridia spp, Syngamus trachea and eggs of yet unidentified trematode...
March 26, 2018: Acta Parasitologica
Joel B Hagen
Beginning in the mid-1930s the comparative physiologists Laurence Irving and Per Fredrik (Pete) Scholander pioneered the study of diving mammals, particularly harbor seals. Although resting on earlier work dating back to the late nineteenth century, their research was distinctive in several ways. In contrast to medically oriented physiology, the approaches of Irving and Scholander were strongly influenced by natural history, zoology, ecology, and evolutionary biology. Diving mammals, they argued, shared the cardiopulmonary physiology of terrestrial mammals, but evolution had modified these basic adaptive processes in extreme ways...
January 18, 2018: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
Edoardo Puglisi, Paola Mattarelli, Monica Modesto, Andrea Bonetti, Caterina Spiezio, Camillo Sandri, Lorenzo Morelli
Bifidobacterium sp. strains TRE 1, TRE D, TRE H, and TRI 7 were isolated from two tamarins housed in Parco Natura Viva, Garda Zoological Park S.r.l. (Bussolengo, Verona, Italy). These strains belong to four putative novel species of the genus Bifidobacterium The genome sizes were 2.7 Mb for TRE 1, 2.7 Mb for TRE D, 2.4 Mb for TRE H, and 2.7 Mb for TRI 7. The average GC contents were 63.18% for TRE 1, 58.27% for TRE D, 57.11% for TRE H, and 63.79% for TRI 7.
January 18, 2018: Genome Announcements
Baoming Liu, Debasis Panda, Jorge D Mendez-Rios, Sundar Ganesan, Linda S Wyatt, Bernard Moss
Genome uncoating is essential for replication of most viruses. For poxviruses, the process is divided into two stages: removal of the envelope allowing early gene expression, and breaching of the core wall allowing DNA release, replication and late gene expression. Subsequent studies showed that the host proteasome and the viral D5 protein, which has an essential role in DNA replication, are required for vaccinia virus (VACV) genome uncoating. In a search for additional VACV uncoating proteins, we noted a report that described a defect in DNA replication and late expression when the gene encoding a 68 kDa ankyrin-repeat/F box protein (68k-ank), associated with the cellular SCF ubiquitin ligase complex, was deleted from the attenuated modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Virology
Andreas Winkelmann, Barbara Teßmann
Following a request by the Australian government, human remains of Australian origin were identified in the anatomical collection of Charité, the medical faculty of Berlin. We initiated an interdisciplinary provenance research on such remains to ensure their identity, elucidate their history, and prepare for a possible return to Australia. Here, we present results regarding a skull in the collection labeled as stemming from Tasmania. The non-invasive anthropological investigation revealed the skull to stem from a girl of about 15 years of age who most likely died of a massive otitis/petrositis with subsequent meningitis...
December 7, 2017: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
Amélie Mathieu, Adriana R Pastor, Charlene N Berkvens, Carolyn Gara-Boivin, Michel Hébert, Alexandre N Léveillé, John R Barta, Dale A Smith
Nine cases of fatal infection with Babesia odocoilei were confirmed in reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) and elk (Cervus canadensis) housed in zoological institutions located in southern Quebec, Ontario, and Manitoba, Canada between 2013 and 2016. All animals died of a hemolytic crisis. Frequent postmortem findings were extensive hemorrhage, pigmenturia, and intrahepatic cholestasis. The described ante- and postmortem signs are consistent with those of previously reported cases in the United States. Diagnosis was confirmed in all cases by polymerase chain reaction performed on DNA extracted from whole blood or frozen spleen...
January 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
Kim Fechner, Jenny Schäfer, Pia Münster, Kerstin Ternes, Susanne Döring, Inger Völkel, Franz-Josef Kaup, Claus-Peter Czerny
Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) causes chronic, progressive, and consecutively fatal enteritis, especially in ruminants. MAP distribution among wildlife is not yet clear. In this study, three wild-born rock hyraxes ( Procavia capensis) had been imported from South Africa to a German zoological garden. During the quarantine period, four young animals were born. The wild-born animals showed symptoms of mild diarrhea shortly after their arrival in the zoological garden, but all routine parasitological and bacteriologic tests performed were negative...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Gareth E Zeiler, Leith C R Meyer
Immobilization and anesthesia of impala ( Aepyceros melampus) has become a popular research theme. This demand is brought about by the increased need to immobilize and anesthetize impala and other medium-sized wild ungulates because of their increased value in game ranching and zoological collections. To improve our understanding of immobilization and general anesthesia in these species, it is paramount to be able to study them in a practical, safe research environment that does not cause harm or unnecessary stress to the animals...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Mark Jeon, Khursheed R Mama, Jeffrey R Zuba, Nadine Lamberski, James E Oosterhuis, Meredith M Clancy, Katie W Delk, Matthew E Kinney, Patrick J Morris, Francisco Olea-Popelka
Rhinoceros conservation efforts are essential to the survival of the species. One such effort is focused on using advanced reproductive technologies to produce viable northern white rhinoceros ( Ceratotherium simum cottoni) embryos for implantation into southern white rhinoceros ( Ceratotherium simum simum) surrogates. Anesthesia may be required to facilitate necessary procedures in these surrogate rhinoceros, but commonly reported side effects including hypercapnia and hypoxemia limit anesthetic recumbency time due to animal safety concerns...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
VAN Quang To, Quoc Toan Phan, VAN Bang Tran
Coeliccia bhriulieci sp. nov. (holotype male from Tay Giang district, Quang Nam province, central Vietnam, deposited in the Zoological collection of the Southern Institute of Ecology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam) is described based on male specimens. The new species is easily distinguished from other Coeliccia species in the Southeast Asian region by the combination of its blue abdominal tip, black anal appendages and structure of genital ligula with two long flagella extending from lateral corners of apical segment...
October 31, 2017: Zootaxa
María Inés Catalano, Christopher H Dietrich
We recently established the leafhopper genus Tricella with the type species Tricella antonellae from Ecuador (Catalano & Dietrich 2017). Unfortunately, Tricella n.gen is junior homonym of Tricella Daniels, 1975 (Diptera). Therefore, we propose a new replacement name Carpaneura nom. nov. for Tricella Catalano & Dietrich, 2017 as required by Article 60 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. The genus is named in honor of the first author's husband, Pablo Carpane. The name combines his family name with the suffix of the type genus of the tribe and is treated as a feminine noun...
October 31, 2017: Zootaxa
Shalva Barjadze, Sebastiano Barbagallo, Roger Blackman, Işil Özdemir
Apterous and alate viviparous females and the alate males of Macrosiphum eastopi Barjadze & Blackman sp. n. living on Oberna multifida Ikonn. (=Silene multifida Rohrb.) (Caryophyllaceae) are described from the Republic of Georgia (Caucasus). Type specimens are deposited at the Institute of Zoology, Ilia State University (IZISU), Tbilisi, Georgia; the Natural History Museum (BMNH), London, U.K.; and the University of Catania (UCI), Sicily, Italy. Apterous and alate viviparous females of its close relative M...
October 31, 2017: Zootaxa
Masaatsu Tanaka, Masanori Sato
Hartman (1965) described a nereidid species, Namalycastis profundus[sic], based on a deep-sea specimen collected from off Bermuda (1000 m deep) in the NW Atlantic. Although Hartman (1965) did not mention its etymology, the specific name is believed to be derived from the Latin adjective "profund-" meaning "deep." Because Namalycastis is feminine in gender (Glasby et al. 2016), the original specific name as masculine was incorrect and must be corrected to N. profunda for mandatory gender agreement under Articles 31...
November 1, 2017: Zootaxa
Alisson Santana, Cynthia L C Manso, Ana C S Almeida, Orane F S Alves
Ophiotrichidae Ljungman, 1867 comprises brittle stars diagnosed by the absence of oral papillae and presence of a cluster of dental papillae covering at least half the height of the dental plate. Ophiothrix Müller & Troschel, 1840 is the largest genus in the family and is composed of many species with a highly variable morphology. Ophiothrix angulata is one species with descriptions showing morphological variation in many of the diagnostic characters stated by Say (1825) in the original description. Say's (1825) type material and specimens studied by him could be located...
November 7, 2017: Zootaxa
Valeria Juliete DA Silva, David A Rider, Jose Antonio Marin Fernandes
In accordance with the rules in the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, the type species for the genus Edessa Fabricius, 1803 is now recognized to be Cimex antilope Fabricius, 1798 rather than the previously recognized Cimex cervus Fabricius, 1787. Edessa antilope is redescribed, as well as the following four species that have in the past been related or compared to E. antilope: E. arabs (Linnaeus, 1758) from French Guiana, Costa Rica and Panama (new record), E. helix Erichson, 1848 from Costa Rica, Panama, Venezuela, Suriname (new record), Guyana, Brazil (new record), Bolivia (new record) and Argentina (new record), E...
November 13, 2017: Zootaxa
Chang Liu, Fengyuan Li, Prasit Wongprom, Guo Zheng, Shuqiang Li
Eleven new Althepus species of the spider family Ochyroceratidae are reported from Thailand: A. duan sp. nov., A. duoji sp. nov. (male only), A. huoyan sp. nov., A. jiandan sp. nov., A. kuan sp. nov., A. lakmueangensis sp. nov., A. languensis sp. nov., A. muangensis sp. nov., A. qiqiu sp. nov. (female only), A. tuqi sp. nov., A. xianxi sp. nov. All types are deposited in the Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing, China (IZCAS).
November 20, 2017: Zootaxa
F Gary Stiles, J V Jr Remsen, Jimmy A McGuire
The generic nomenclature of the hummingbirds is unusually complicated. McGuire et al.'s (2014) recent phylogeny of the Trochilidae based on DNA sequence data has greatly clarified relationships within the family but conflicts strongly with the traditional classification of the family at the genus level, especially that of the largest and most recently derived clade, the Trochilini or "emeralds". We recently presented a historical review of this classification and the generic modifications required by the Code of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature...
November 24, 2017: Zootaxa
Kaomud Tyagi, Rajasree Chakraborty, Devkant Singha, Vikas Kumar
Globally 6100 species of the Order Thysanoptera are reported, of which 739 are known from India (Tyagi & Kumar 2016). The purpose here is to describe from India one new species and record for the first time from this country four other species, representing three different families, and full nomenclatural details are available at ThripsWiki (2017). From three of the species, including the holotype of the new species, DNA was isolated and amplification of partial fragment of mtCOI gene was performed (Tyagi et al...
December 8, 2017: Zootaxa
Jian-Feng Liu, Xiao-Ying Wei, Guang-Yun Li, Zhi-Qiang Zhang
A list of type depositories of new mite species published in two journals (Systematic & Applied Acarology and Zootaxa) during the last five years (2012-2016) is presented in this paper. The 1370 new species are deposited unevenly among 134 collections. The top collection is the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia (145 species), which alone accounts for 10% of the total new species, and the top ten collections accounted for 48% of the total. The average number of new species per collection is 10 and over three quarters of the collections are below the average...
December 8, 2017: Zootaxa
Marta Gil, Fran Ramil
This paper is the result of the study of large collections of Sertulariidae Lamouroux, 1812 (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Hydroidolina) obtained from continental margins of Northwest Africa by several Spanish and Norwegian surveys between 2004 and 2012. Material collected from Lusitanian seamounts by the French Seamount 1 expedition and from the Great Meteor Bank by the German survey Meteor 42/3 were also examined. A total of 12 species belonging to the genus Diphasia were studied and illustrated, and four new species were described: Diphasia leonisae n...
December 12, 2017: Zootaxa
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