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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932927/the-avian-collection-of-the-zoological-museum-of-the-university-of-athens-zmua
#1
Gabriella Papastefanou, Anastasios Legakis, Igor Shogolev
BACKGROUND: The Zoological Museum of the University of Athens (ZMUA) was established in 1858. It is the oldest natural history museum of Greece. The museum began its operation with the acquisition of a core collection and has been expanding ever since. One of the most substantial parts of the museum's collection consists of the avian exhibits, originating from around the world. NEW INFORMATION: Today, the avian collection consists of 2,948 specimens, preserved mostly through taxidermy, along with a significant number of eggs...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922963/publication-trends-in-craniofacial-distraction-a-bibliometrical-analysis
#2
Asra Hashmi, Adam Schumaier, Shenita White, Christina Yi, Faraz A Khan, Curtis J Hanba, Faisal Al-Mufarrej
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the craniofacial distraction literature published over the last 50 years and to determine various trends in publications. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in November and December 2015. The date search range was 1965 to 2015. Databases searched included Medline, Web of Science, Biosis, SciELO, Data Citation, and Zoologic Records. Data were collected on distraction type, author specialty, date of publication, country, state (if United States), number of citations, journal name, journal type, and Le Fort type (for midfacial distractions)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917054/mammals-in-the-mzna-vertebrate-collection-of-university-of-navarra-spain
#3
Nora Escribano, David Galicia, Arturo H Ariño, Carmen Escala
In this paper five datasets are described that provide information about records of mammals in the Vertebrate Collection of the Museum of Zoology of the University of Navarra (MZNA-VERT). The datasets contain 3,466 records belonging to 20 species of mammals sampled across the transition zone between the Atlantic and Mediterranean biogeographical regions (north Iberian Peninsula). The datasets include both distributional data (georeferenced records) and basic biometric data of most of the vouchered specimens stored in the museum facilities...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908659/public-exposure-and-number-of-conspecifics-have-no-influence-on-ovarian-and-adrenal-activity-in-the-cheetah-acinonyx-jubatus
#4
Diana C Koester, David E Wildt, Janine L Brown, Karen Meeks, Adrienne E Crosier
Cheetahs in managed zoological collections do not reproduce efficiently, a problem that may be related to environmental/management stressors. In this study, we examined 17 adult female cheetahs to determine the influence of two environmental factors, (1) being housed on- or off-exhibit and (2) number of adult conspecifics (males and/or females) in nearby enclosures, on profiles and concentrations of ovarian and adrenal hormones. Secondarily, we assessed a subset of group-housed siblings (n = 5 in groups of 2 or 3) for effects of long-term cohabitation...
November 28, 2016: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898922/influence-of-pork-and-pork-by-products-on-macronutrient-and-energy-digestibility-and-palatability-in-large-exotic-felids
#5
C J Iske, C L Morris, K L Kappen
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate digestibility and palatability of a new commercial pork-based raw diet for zoo-managed felids. Currently 2 protein sources (beef or horse) comprise the majority of commercial raw meat diet formulations for exotic carnivores in zoological institutions. Pork-based diets have traditionally not been widely utilized and thus nutrient digestibility of pork has not been adequately evaluated in exotic carnivores. The objectives of this study were 1) to determine if a pork-based diet had similar apparent total tract macronutrient digestibility and fecal scores as standard zoo carnivore diets formulated with either horse or beef, in large exotic felids and 2) evaluate palatability of pork for use in zoos...
September 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894973/is-there-nothing-new-under-the-sun-the-influence-of-herbals-and-pharmacopoeias-on-ethnobotanical-traditions-in-albacete-spain
#6
Diego Rivera, Alonso Verde, Concepción Obón, Francisco Alcaraz, Candelaria Moreno, Teresa Egea, José Fajardo, José Antonio Palazón, Arturo Valdés, Maria Adele Signorini, Piero Bruschi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: This paper has two overarching aims: (1) presenting the results of studying the Albacete tariff of medicines of 1526 and (2) broadly analyzing the origin and influences of medicinal traditional knowledge in the region of Albacete, Spain. We use historical and modern literature that may have influenced this knowledge. Our primary goal was to determine the ingredients used in the pharmacy in the 16th century CE in Albacete through the analysis of the tariff, and our secondary goal was to investigate until when ingredients and uses present in pharmacy and herbals persisted in later periods...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890289/principles-and-applications-of-medical-oncology-in-exotic-animals
#7
REVIEW
Tara Myers Harrison, Barbara E Kitchell
Diagnoses of neoplasia in exotic animals have historically been made at death or just before euthanasia. Routine physical examinations are enabling early diagnosis while accessibility and affordability of advanced diagnostics are improving. With increasing expectations for care, treatment options are more frequently explored. Numerous oncologic medications have been adopted from human and small animal medicine and successfully used in exotic animals. Although there is a need for extended research, this article evaluates which medications have been used thus far for treatment protocols in zoologic and exotic animal species...
January 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872723/a-human-reproductive-approach-to-the-study-of-infertility-in-chimpanzees-an-experience-at-leon-s-zoological-park-mexico
#8
Raul Eduardo Piña-Aguilar, Janet López-Saucedo, Lilia Ivone Ruiz-Galaz, José de Jesús Barroso-Padilla, Mayra Celina Gallegos-Rivas, Claudia González-Ortega, Antonio Martin Gutiérrez-Gutiérrez
Great apes are mammals close to humans in their genetic, behavioral, social and evolutionary characteristics and new genomic information is revolutionizing our understanding of evolution in primates. However, all these species are endangered. While there are many global programs to protect these species, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) projects that in a near future the wild populations will decrease significantly. Nowadays, the relevance of captive populations of great apes is becoming critical for research and understanding of pathophysiology of diseases...
2016: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872028/monogamy-and-nonmonogamy-evolutionary-considerations-and-treatment-challenges
#9
REVIEW
Marianne Brandon
INTRODUCTION: Few topics generate such controversy and emotional reactivity as the nature of human mating behavior. Unfortunately, and potentially to the detriment of good patient care, sexual medicine practitioners have largely avoided this matter. An understanding of the scientific literature can empower practitioners to more effectively confront the inevitable monogamy and nonmonogamy challenges present in research and clinical practice. AIM: To review and summarize relevant scientific literature as a context to evaluate the more common myths and misunderstanding relating to the practice of monogamy and nonmonogamy in humans...
October 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866266/survey-of-baylisascaris-spp-in-captive-striped-skunks-mephitis-mephitis-in-some-european-areas
#10
D d'Ovidio, N Pantchev, E Noviello, L Del Prete, M P Maurelli, G Cringoli, Laura Rinaldi
Skunks are popular carnivore species kept both in zoological institutions and in households where they are hand raised as exotic pets. These small carnivores are considered the main definitive hosts of the roundworm Baylisascaris columnaris. The purpose of this survey was to investigate the occurrence of Baylisascaris spp. in striped skunks kept as pets or in private zoo collections in some European areas. Copromicroscopic data from two laboratories, one in Italy and one in Germany, were used. A total of 60 cases positive to Baylisascaris spp...
November 19, 2016: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862246/a-retrospective-analysis-of-mortality-in-captive-pygmy-hippopotamus-choeropsis-liberiensis-from-1912-to-2014
#11
Gabriella L Flacke, Suzana Tkalčić, Beatrice Steck, Kristin Warren, Graeme B Martin
The pygmy hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis) is an IUCN Red List Endangered species (CITES Appendix II) that has been housed in zoological collections since 1912. As wild populations continue to decline throughout the species' range, successful ex situ breeding and management, including an understanding of morbidity and mortality, are of utmost importance. This study is the first comprehensive review of mortality data from the captive population since 1982 and significantly expands on previous analyses. We solicited necropsy reports from 129/187 zoological institutions worldwide that currently or previously held pygmy hippos and received data for 404 animals (177 ♂, 220 ♀, 7 undermined sex), representing 43% of pygmy hippos that have died in captivity...
November 2016: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861884/re-establishment-of-the-genus-monostichodus-vaillant-1886-characiformes-distichodontidae
#12
T Musschoot, J Snoeks
Pellegrin rejected the validity of Monostichodus elongatus, described by Vaillant and type species of the genus Monostichodus, based on the lack of a proper species description, and redescribed Vaillant's specimens as Hemistichodus vaillanti. After review of the relevant articles in the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, however, no arguments were found to consider M. elongatus as a nomen nudum. This implies that Hemistichodus should be considered as a junior synonym of the genus Monostichodus, which includes three valid species: M...
November 13, 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846252/flower-visiting-butterflies-avoid-predatory-stimuli-and-larger-resident-butterflies-testing-in-a-butterfly-pavilion
#13
Yuya Fukano, Yosuke Tanaka, Sayed Ibrahim Farkhary, Takuma Kurachi
The flower-visiting behaviors of pollinator species are affected not only by flower traits but also by cues of predators and resident pollinators. There is extensive research into the effects of predator cues and resident pollinators on the flower-visiting behaviors of bee pollinators. However, there is relatively little research into their effects on butterfly pollinators probably because of the difficulty in observing a large number of butterfly pollination events. We conducted a dual choice experiment using artificial flowers under semi-natural conditions in the butterfly pavilion at Tama Zoological Park to examine the effects of the presence of a dead mantis and resident butterflies have on the flower-visiting behavior of several butterfly species...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843383/sea-snakes-elapidae-hydrophiinae-in-their-westernmost-extent-an-updated-and-illustrated-checklist-and-key-to-the-species-in-the-persian-gulf-and-gulf-of-oman
#14
Mohsen Rezaie-Atagholipour, Parviz Ghezellou, Majid Askari Hesni, Seyyed Mohammad Hashem Dakhteh, Hooman Ahmadian, Nicolas Vidal
The Persian Gulf is known as the westernmost distribution limit for sea snakes, except for Hydrophis platurus (Linnaeus, 1766) that reaches southeastern Africa. Previous identification guides for sea snakes of the Persian Gulf and its adjacent waters in the Gulf of Oman were based on old data and confined mostly to written descriptions. Therefore, a series of field surveys were carried out in 2013 and 2014 through Iranian coastal waters of both gulfs to provide a comprehensive sampling of sea snakes in the area...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830786/zoology-thorny-devil-may-drink-from-sand
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830777/zoology-old-apes-can-t-see-up-close
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815795/charles-william-lacaillade-biologist-parasitologist-educator-and-mentor
#17
Pascal James Imperato
Charles William Lacaillade (1904-1978) was an eminent biologist in the middle decades of the twentieth century. He was born in Lawrence, Massachusetts of parents whose ancestors were French Canadians. His father, also named Charles William Lacaillade, was a dentist who graduated from Tufts University School of Dentistry in 1898. His mother, Elodia Eno, came from a family of very successful businessmen. Lacaillade was the third of six children. His two older brothers, Harold Carleton and Hector Eno, both graduated from the University of Louisville, School of Dentistry, while his younger brother, Lawrence, became a businessman...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811821/hedotettix-angulatus-sp-nov-orthoptera-tetrigoidea-tetrigidae-tetriginae-a-new-pygmy-grasshopper-species-from-india
#18
Sunil Kumar Gupta, Jian-Ping Shi, Kailash Chandra
Hedotettix angulatus sp. nov. is described from Chhattisgarh, India. The new species is similar to Hedotettix grossus Hancock, 1915, it differs from the latter by (i) anterior margin of vertex angulate, (ii) ovipositor robust, length of upper valves 2.2 times its width, (iii) antennal grooves situated above the lower margin of the compound eyes, (iv) median carina of vertex strong and extended up to the posterior end of depression, (v) facial carinae are all most parallel, (vi) frontal costa bifurcation starts in about ¼ of the compound eye height, (vii) anterior margin of middle carina of pronotum depressed...
October 6, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811787/prof-il-hoi-kim-a-tribute
#19
Rony Huys
Prof. Il-Hoi Kim was born during the Korean War on 28 February 1952 in Buan, North Jeolla Province (South Korea), near the coast of the Yellow Sea whose tidal flats would become one of his favourite sampling grounds during his scientific career. From an early age he developed an intense interest in natural history in general and marine biology in particular. He obtained his B.Sc. in 1974 at the Department of Biology Education, Gongju National College of Education. Between 1974 and 1976 he was conscripted into the South Korean military during which he progressed to the rank of lieutenant of artillery in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC)...
October 11, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798405/possibility-and-challenges-of-conversion-of-current-virus-species-names-to-linnaean-binomials
#20
Thomas S Postler, Anna N Clawson, Gaya K Amarasinghe, Christopher F Basler, Sina Bavari, Mária Benkő, Kim R Blasdell, Thomas Briese, Michael J Buchmeier, Alexander Bukreyev, Charles H Calisher, Kartik Chandran, Rémi Charrel, Christopher S Clegg, Peter L Collins, Juan Carlos de la Torre, Joseph L DeRisi, Ralf G Dietzgen, Olga Dolnik, Ralf Dürrwald, John M Dye, Andrew J Easton, Sébastian Emonet, Pierre Formenty, Ron A M Fouchier, Elodie Ghedin, Jean-Paul Gonzalez, Balázs Harrach, Roger Hewson, Masayuki Horie, Dàohóng Jiāng, Gary Kobinger, Hideki Kondo, Andrew M Kropinski, Mart Krupovic, Gael Kurath, Robert A Lamb, Eric M Leroy, Igor S Lukashevich, Andrea Maisner, Arcady R Mushegian, Sergey V Netesov, Norbert Nowotny, Jean L Patterson, Susan L Payne, Janusz T Paweska, Clarence J Peters, Sheli R Radoshitzky, Bertus K Rima, Victor Romanowski, Dennis Rubbenstroth, Sead Sabanadzovic, Hélène Sanfaçon, Maria S Salvato, Martin Schwemmle, Sophie J Smither, Mark D Stenglein, David M Stone, Ayato Takada, Robert B Tesh, Keizo Tomonaga, Noël Tordo, Jonathan S Towner, Nikos Vasilakis, Viktor E Volchkov, Victoria Wahl-Jensen, Peter J Walker, Lin-Fa Wang, Arvind Varsani, Anna E Whitfield, F Murilo Zerbini, Jens H Kuhn
Botanical, mycological, zoological, and prokaryotic species names follow the Linnaean format, consisting of an italicized Latinized binomen with a capitalized genus name and a lower-case species epithet (e.g., Homo sapiens). Virus species names, however, do not follow a uniform format, and even when binomial, are not Linnaean in style. In this thought exercise, we attempted to convert all currently official names of species included in the virus family Arenaviridae and the virus order Mononegavirales to Linnaean binomials, and to identify and address associated challenges and concerns...
October 22, 2016: Systematic Biology
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