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Gonzalo Giribet
Ctenophores, one of the most basal branches in the tree of life, have been found to have a through-gut, complete with mouth and anus. Basal animals are surprisingly complex and simplification has been rampant in animal evolution.
October 24, 2016: Current Biology: CB
Kristin Mühldorfer, Gudrun Wibbelt, Claudia A Szentiks, Dominik Fischer, Holger C Scholz, Michael Zschöck, Tobias Eisenberg
AIMS: Novel cases of Brucella infections in frogs are discussed together with results of published reports to extend our current knowledge on 'atypical' brucellae isolated from amphibians and discuss challenges we face on this extraordinary emerging group of pathogens. METHODS AND RESULTS: Since our first description, additional 14 isolates from 4 different frog species were collected. Novel isolates and a subset of Brucella isolates previously cultured from African bullfrogs were characterized by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy and broth microdilution susceptibility testing...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Carlos Raúl Belotti López de Medina, Lautaro López Geronazzo, Clarisa Otero
This paper reports the results of a zooarchaeological analysis conducted on the occupation layer of a compound structure (Residential Unit 1) of the Pucara de Tilcara archaeological site (Jujuy Province, northwestern Argentina). Its occupation span extends between the 13th and 15th centuries AD, but evidence diagnostic of the Inka Period (AD 1430-1536) is predominant. Residential Unit 1 was a house-workshop that hosted specialized crafts like metallurgy and lapidary during the Inka Period. It was proposed in previous works that artisans living at Pucara de Tilcara were provisioned with agropastoral products by the Inka administration...
2016: PloS One
Amaia A Rodeles, David Galicia, Rafael Miranda
The study of freshwater fish species biodiversity and community composition is essential for understanding river systems, the effects of human activities on rivers, and the changes these animals face. Conducting this type of research requires quantitative information on fish abundance, ideally with long-term series and fish body measurements. This Data Descriptor presents a collection of 12 datasets containing a total of 146,342 occurrence records of 41 freshwater fish species sampled in 233 localities of various Iberian river basins...
October 11, 2016: Scientific Data
Allen F Sanborn, Maxine S Heath
The genus Tibicen has had a confusing history (see summary in Boulard and Puissant 2014; Marshall and Hill 2014; Sanborn 2014). Boulard and his colleague (Boulard 1984; 1988; 1997; 2001; 2003; Boulard and Puissant 2013; 2014; 2015) have argued for the suppression of Tibicen and the taxa derivatived from it in favor of Lyristes Horváth. Boulard's argument for suppression was first described in Melville and Sims (1984) who presented the case for suppression to the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature with further comments made by Hamilton (1985), Boulard (1985), and Lauterer (1985)...
September 16, 2016: Zootaxa
Ray T Perreault
Acasta sulcata spinosa Daniel, 1955 has been discovered to be a junior homonym of Acasta spinosa Hiro, 1939. As both names were originally described in the genus Acasta, ICZN (International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature) Article 57.2 defines A. sulcata spinosa as a primary junior homonym, even though it is of subspecific nature.
September 20, 2016: Zootaxa
Thaís P Miranda, Amanda F Cunha, Antonio C Marques
Thirty new species of benthic leptothecate hydroids were described and named from Patagonia in a 1991 PhD dissertation by Mohamed El Beshbeeshy. Although constituting nomina nuda under provisions of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN), the names of some species were used in several scientific publications between 1991 and 2011. In 2011, the dissertation of El Beshbeeshy was published in accordance with Article 8 of the ICZN. Several species-group names appearing in that work nevertheless fail to fully comply with certain articles of the code...
September 29, 2016: Zootaxa
Victoria J Strong, Douglas Grindlay, Sharon Redrobe, Malcolm Cobb, Kate White
Wild bonobos (Pan paniscus), chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), Western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla), and orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus, Pongo abelii) are threatened with extinction. In order to help maintain a self-sustaining zoo population, clinicians require a sound understanding of the diseases with which they might be presented. To provide an up-to-date perspective on great ape morbidity and mortality, a systematic review of the zoological and veterinary literature of great apes from 1990 to 2014 was conducted...
September 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Sarah J Woodhouse, Edward L Peterson, Todd Schmitt
Complete ophthalmic examinations were performed on 160 Macaroni penguins ( Eudyptes chrysolophus ) and 90 Rockhopper penguins ( Eudyptes chrysocome ) at eight North American zoological institutions. Cataract prevalence in the Macaroni population was 46.5% (n = 74) of penguins and 42.3% (135/319) of eyes. Cataract prevalence in the Rockhopper population was 45.5% (n = 40) of penguins and 40.6% (73/180) of eyes. The mean age of Macaroni penguins without ocular disease was 7.4 ± 5.8 yr, while that of Rockhoppers was 9...
September 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Nora Escribano, David Galicia, Arturo H Ariño, Carmen Escala
We describe the pellet sampling data set from the Vertebrate Collection of the Museum of Zoology of the University of Navarra. This data set compiles all information about small mammals obtained from the analysis of owl pellets. The collection consists on skulls, mandibles, and some skeletons of 36 species of more than 72,000 georeferenced specimens. These specimens come from the Iberian Peninsula although most samples were collected in Navarra, a highly diverse transitional area of 10,000 kilometre square sitting across three biogeographical regions...
September 27, 2016: Scientific Data
Li-Yun Jiang, Jing Chen, Ge-Xia Qiao
Yamatochaitophorus yichunensis sp. n. is described from specimens collected in northeast China on Acer tegmentosum (Aceraceae). Yamatochaitophorus is also a new generic record for China. Type specimens are deposited in the National Zoological Museum of China, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China (NZMC) and the Natural History Museum, London, UK (BMNH).
2016: ZooKeys
Alejandra Martínez-Melo, Francisco Alonso Solís-Marín, Blanca Estela Buitrón-Sánchez, Alfredo Laguarda-Figueras
BACKGROUND: Research on echinoderms in Mexico began in the late nineteenth century. We present a dataset that includes the taxonomic and geographic information of irregular echinoids from Mexico, housed in four collections: 1) Colección Nacional de Equinodermos "Ma. Elena Caso Muñoz" from the Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología (ICML), Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM); 2) Invertebrate Zoology Collection, Smithsonian Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C...
2016: Biodiversity Data Journal
Melissa L Tulk, Hayley J Stannard, Julie M Old
The black-footed tree-rat (Mesembriomys gouldii) and greater stick-nest rat (Leporillus conditor) are near threatened and vulnerable native Australian murids. There is a paucity of health and welfare knowledge for these species and native murids in general. In this paper we aimed to address this deficiency in knowledge by describing some key haematological and blood biochemistry parameters for these species. Haematology and blood biochemistry data were obtained from clinical histories of the two murid species held in captivity at Taronga Zoological Park, Mosman, Australia...
2016: SpringerPlus
Tina Wang
As the partner of Integrative Zoology, Wiley established the co-publishing relationship with the journal back in 2006. Over the past ten years, we have all witnessed the continuous, steady growth and development of the journal, which led the journal to be one of the highest-ranking journals in Zoology published worldwide. Starting with no Impact Factor at the beginning to entering the first quartile among all the Zoological journals indexed by SCI, Integrative Zoology has achieved a tremendous accomplishment over the past decade...
September 13, 2016: Integrative Zoology
John S Buckeridge
Integrative Zoology began in 2006 as a voice for the newly formed International Society of Zoologists. A decade later, it has clearly achieved this - and very much more. For it is now successfully placed within the top quartile of journals in zoological sciences. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
September 13, 2016: Integrative Zoology
Yiyu Chen
On behalf of the Advisory Board, I wish to congratulate the Integrative Zoology, on the 10th Anniversary of the journal Integrative Zoology. Ten years ago, in 2006, Integrative Zoology was launched as the new multidisciplinary flagship journal of the newly formed ISZS, and became central to our founding mission to promote zoology as an integrative discipline and to provide an attractive publishing venue for original research and reviews that present a broader perspective of zoological inquiry. Its debut issue, formed by a compilation of selected landmark papers from the first International Symposium of Integrative Zoology, are still some of the most downloaded and cited articles to this day...
September 13, 2016: Integrative Zoology
Zhibin Zhang
In the new century, global change has become of the biggest challenges that threaten our ecosystem and society. Climate warming is causing range shifts of organisms which bring increased risk of species extinction in the polar regions, mountain tops or in fragmented habitats. Globalization is accelerating transmission of many infectious diseases and facilitating biological invasions, which have caused widespread damage to both ecosystems and human society. Solving these challenges urgently needs the application of integrative zoology...
September 13, 2016: Integrative Zoology
Richard Schodde, J V Jr Remsen
In our recently published revised classification of the Icteridae (Remsen et al. 2016), we used the family group name Cassicinae Bonaparte, 1853 on the assumption that its type genus was Cassicus Illiger, 1811. We have since confirmed, after kind advice from Thomas Donegan (pers. comm. 2016), that Cassicus Illiger (1811: 214) is simply an unjustified emendation of Cacicus Lacépède, 1799, made clear by Illiger (l.c.) in a footnote to his description of Cassicus. Under Articles and 35.4.2 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN 1999), a family-group name formed from an unjustified emendation of the name of its type genus is to be corrected, unless the emendation has come into use as a substitute name or through prevailing use...
2016: Zootaxa
Adam Ślipiński
This note resolves homonymy among three genera of beetles described by myself (Ślipiński 1988, 1990), John F. Lawrence (Ślipiński & Lawrence 1997), and Hermes E. Escalona (Ślipiński & Escalona 2016). I propose new replacement names in accordance with the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN 1999). Two anonymous reviewers are thanked for making valuable suggestions on an earlier version of this manuscript.
2016: Zootaxa
A A Thasun Amarasinghe, Patrick D Campbell, S R Chandramouli, Kaushik Deuti, Sujoy Raha, D M S Suranjan Karunarathna, Ivan Ineich
Tiliqua bibronii was described by J.E. Gray in December, 1838 based on two syntypes (MNHN-RA 2940, 7076), but the details for locality was missing. These syntypes are currently housed at the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris, France (MNHN-RA). The same species (based on the same type specimens) was described by A.M.C. Duméril & G. Bibron in November, 1839 nearly one year after Gray's publication. As such, Gray's publication must therefore be given priority. Another species, Euprepis trilineatus, from Madras, Tamil Nadu, India, was described by Gray in 1846, and it is morphologically similar to E...
2016: Zootaxa
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