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Respiratory distress in preterm infant

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792096/neonatal-outcome-in-preterm-deliveries-before-34-week-gestation-the-influence-of-the-mechanism-of-labor-onset
#1
Sara Pinto, Maria Filipa Malheiro, Ana Vaz, Teresa Rodrigues, Nuno Montenegro, Hercília Guimarães
PURPOSE: To evaluate neonatal outcomes in preterm infants with less than 34 weeks after spontaneous labor, preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) or iatrogenic delivery and to clarify whether the mechanism of labor onset is a risk factor for adverse short-term neonatal outcome. METHODS: We performed a retrospective case-control study, which included 266 preterm newborns with less than 34-week gestation, between 2011 and 2015. Neonatal outcomes were compared according to the mechanism of labor onset...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769190/pneumoperitoneum-in-a-neonate-weighing-less-than-500-g-what-do-we-really-know-about-it
#2
Audrienne Sammut, Miguel Soares Oliveira, Claire Jackson, Cristine Sortica da Costa
Pneumoperitoneum in preterm infants is a surgical emergency as it is usually indicative of intestinal perforation. Rare cases of idiopathic pneumoperitoneum have been described in the literature, the underlying causes and pathophysiology of which remain uncertain. We present a case of pneumoperitoneum in an extremely preterm infant with severe growth restriction. This occurred while she was receiving high frequency oscillatory ventilation. She had respiratory distress syndrome with pulmonary interstitial emphysema...
May 16, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764572/-a-single-center-study-on-the-incidence-and-mortality-of-preterm-infants-from-2006-to-2016
#3
Jun-Mei Yan, Hui Huang, Qian-Qian Li, Xiao-Yi Deng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and mortality rates of preterm infants and the main causes of death. METHODS: The basic information of preterm infants was collected from their medical records and admission/discharge records to analyze the incidence and mortality rates of preterm infants and the causes of their death. RESULTS: There were 76 812 neonates born in the Xuzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital from January 2006 to December 2016, among whom 5 585 (7...
May 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747887/preventing-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-failure-evidence-based-and-physiologically-sound-practices-from-delivery-room-to-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#4
REVIEW
Clyde J Wright, Laurie G Sherlock, Rakesh Sahni, Richard A Polin
Routine use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to support preterm infants with respiratory distress is an evidenced-based strategy to decrease incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. However, rates of CPAP failure remain unacceptably high in very premature neonates, who are at high risk for developing bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Using the GRADE framework to assess the quality of available evidence, this article reviews strategies aimed at decreasing CPAP failure, starting with delivery room interventions and followed through to system-based efforts in the neonatal intensive care unit...
June 2018: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731340/cryptococcus-laurentii-fungemia-in-a-low-birth-weight-preterm-neonate-india
#5
Minakshi Gupta, Asit K Mishra, Santosh K Singh
In the last few years, Cryptococcus laurentii infections have increased, particularly in immunocompromised patients. Here we report the first case of C. laurentii fungemia in low birth weight preterm infant from India. A preterm neonate was admitted for feeding intolerance and respiratory distress. Blood culture ascertained the causative organism as C. laurentii. The isolated strain was found susceptible to amphotericin B and the patient recovered following the administration of amphotericin B (5mg/kg body weight) for 8days...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719289/the-effect-of-minimally-invasive-surfactant-therapy-on-diaphragmatic-activity
#6
Cornelia G de Waal, Gerard J Hutten, Frans H de Jongh, Anton H van Kaam
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surfactant therapy (MIST) is increasingly used to treat preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). However, the effect of MIST on breathing effort is poorly studied. OBJECTIVES: To describe the effect of MIST on neural breathing effort assessed with transcutaneous electromyography of the diaphragm (dEMG) in preterm infants with RDS. METHODS: Preterm infants with a gestational age < 37 weeks treated with MIST for RDS were included...
May 2, 2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687665/effect-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-breathing-variability-in-early-preterm-lung-disease
#7
Emanuela Zannin, Chiara Veneroni, Raffaele L Dellacà, Roberta Corbetta, Bela Suki, Paolo E Tagliabue, Maria L Ventura
OBJECTIVES: In preterm infants, the application of nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (nCPAP) improves lung function through several mechanisms and may interact with the control of breathing. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of increasing/decreasing nCPAP on gas exchange, breathing pattern, and its variability in preterm infants. METHODS: Fifeteen infants with mild to moderate respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) were studied on the first day of life. Infants had a mean (SD) gestational age of 30 + 4 (3 + 4) weeks + day and body weight of 1405 (606) g...
April 23, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666203/efficacy-and-safety-of-pulmonary-application-of-corticosteroids-in-preterm-infants-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Mahin Delara, Bhupendrasinh F Chauhan, Mê-Linh Le, Ahmed M Abou-Setta, Ryan Zarychanski, Geert W 'tJong
BACKGROUND: Systemic corticosteroids as the frontline treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in preterm infants are associated with adverse effects on growth and neurodevelopmental outcome, but the pulmonary administration of steroids may help prevent the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) without these side effects. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of pulmonary application of corticosteroids in preterm infants with RDS. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, ClinicalTrials...
April 17, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658450/-influence-of-acute-pancreatitis-in-pregnancy-on-pregnancy-outcomes-and-neonates
#9
Shu-Juan Fan, Jun-Xi Xiang, Mi Xiao, Fang-Hui Wang, Xiao-Jie Lin, Xi-Hui Zhou, Ting Ai, Li Liu
OBJECTIVE: To study the influence of acute pancreatitis in pregnancy (APIP) on pregnancy outcomes and neonates. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for 33 APIP patients and 31 neonates born alive. RESULTS: Of the 33 APIP patients, 26 (79%) developed APIP in the late pregnancy. Fourteen (45%) patients had hyperlipidemic APIP, 13 (42%) had biliary APIP, and 4 (13%) had other types of APIP. According to the severity, 22 (67%) were mild APIP, 5 (15%) were moderate APIP, and 6 were severe APIP...
April 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656287/respiratory-management-of-extremely-preterm-infants-an-international-survey
#10
Marc Beltempo, Tetsuya Isayama, Máximo Vento, Kei Lui, Satoshi Kusuda, Liisa Lehtonen, Gunnar Sjörs, Stellan Håkansson, Mark Adams, Akihiko Noguchi, Brian Reichman, Brian A Darlow, Naho Morisaki, Dirk Bassler, Simone Pratesi, Shoo K Lee, Abhay Lodha, Neena Modi, Kjell Helenius, Prakesh S Shah
BACKGROUND: There are significant international variations in chronic lung disease rates among very preterm infants yet there is little data on international variations in respiratory strategies. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate practice variations in the respiratory management of extremely preterm infants born at < 29 weeks' gestational age (GA) among 10 neonatal networks participating in the International Network for Evaluating Outcomes (iNeo) of Neonates collaboration...
April 13, 2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621770/identifying-risk-factors-shared-by-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-severe-retinopathy-and-cystic-periventricular-leukomalacia-in-very-preterm-infants-for-targeted-intervention
#11
Lan-Wan Wang, Yung-Chieh Lin, Shan-Tair Wang, Chao-Ching Huang
BACKGROUND: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), severe retinopathy of prematurity (sROP), and cystic periventricular leukomalacia (cPVL) are 3 major morbidities with long-term neurodevelopmental impairments in preterm infants. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the strength of associations and identify key risk factors shared by BPD, sROP, and cPVL for targeted intervention. METHODS: We studied the Taiwanese very-preterm-infant registry data on 3,507 infants admitted to neonatal intensive care units and discharged at postmenstrual age ≥36 weeks between 2008 and 2013...
April 5, 2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618436/comparison-efficacy-of-curosurf-and-survanta-in-preterm-infants-with-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#12
Mehrdad Mirzarahimi, Manouchehr Barak
This study aim was to compare the therapeutic efficacy of Curosurf and Survanta in preterm infants which were admitted into NICU. In this interventional study, 150 preterm infants divided randomly in two groups (75 in Survanta and 75 in Curosurf). Data analyzed by statistical methods in SPSS.19. The significance level was considered to be P<0.05.There were no statistically significant differences in gestational age, birth weight, mortality rate, pneumothorax, Brunch-Pulmonary Dysplasia (BPD), Intra Ventricular Hemorrhage (IVH) and the mean duration of hospitalization between two groups...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588821/serum-level-of-vitamin-d-in-preterm-infants-and-its-association-with-premature-related-respiratory-complications-a-case-control-study
#13
Hasan Boskabadi, Gholamali Mamoori, Seyedeh Fatemeh Khatami, Raheleh Faramarzi
Background and aim: Prematurity and related problems, especially respiratory distress, are one of the main challenges for neonatal medicine. The aim of this study was to compare vitamin D levels in preterm infants with, and those without respiratory distress. Methods: This case-control study was conducted in Ghaem and Emam Reza Hospitals in Mashhad (Iran) from 2015 to 2016. In this study, we examined 160 preterm infants weighing less than 2000 grams and born at less than 34 weeks' gestation...
January 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550238/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-versus-nasal-high-flow-therapy-as-primary-support-for-infants-born-preterm
#14
Li Huang, Calum T Roberts, Brett J Manley, Louise S Owen, Peter G Davis, Kim M Dalziel
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cost-effectiveness of 2 common "noninvasive" modes of respiratory support for infants born preterm. STUDY DESIGN: An economic evaluation was conducted as a component of a multicenter, randomized control trial from 2013 to 2015 enrolling infants born preterm at ≥28 weeks of gestation with respiratory distress, <24 hours old, who had not previously received endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation or surfactant. The economic evaluation was conducted from a healthcare sector perspective and the time horizon was from birth until death or first discharge...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543861/impact-of-hypothermia-on-implementation-of-cpap-for-neonatal-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-a-low-resource-setting
#15
Jennifer Carns, Kondwani Kawaza, M K Quinn, Yinsen Miao, Rudy Guerra, Elizabeth Molyneux, Maria Oden, Rebecca Richards-Kortum
BACKGROUND: Neonatal hypothermia is widely associated with increased risks of morbidity and mortality, but remains a pervasive global problem. No studies have examined the impact of hypothermia on outcomes for preterm infants treated with CPAP for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). METHODS: This retrospective analysis assessed the impact of hypothermia on outcomes of 65 neonates diagnosed with RDS and treated with either nasal oxygen (N = 17) or CPAP (N = 48) in a low-resource setting...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506014/effect-of-milking-maneuver-in-preterm-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Víctor Lago Leal, Loida Pamplona Bueno, Lucía Cabanillas Vilaplana, Estefanía Nicolás Montero, Mónica Martín Blanco, Cristina Fernández Romero, Sara El Bakkali, Tamara Pradillo Aramendi, Lara Sobrino Lorenzano, Paula Castellano Esparza, Esther Ballesteros Benito, Nieves Rayo Navarro, Pablo Del Barrio Fernández, Vanesa Ocaña Martínez, Luis Martínez Cortés
OBJECTIVE: To assess the short and medium-term effects of milking maneuver (MM) compared with early cord clamping for infants born before 37 weeks of pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 138 infants between 24+0 and 36+6 weeks of gestation were allocated to MM or early cord clamping. Primary outcomes were the requirement of red blood cell transfusions or phototherapy. RESULTS: Initial hemoglobin was significantly higher in the MM group by 1.675 g/dL (p < 0...
March 5, 2018: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495619/experimental-and-numerical-modeling-of-aerosol-delivery-for-preterm-infants
#17
Iñigo Aramendia, Unai Fernandez-Gamiz, Alberto Lopez-Arraiza, Carmen Rey-Santano, Victoria Mielgo, Francisco Jose Basterretxea, Javier Sancho, Miguel Angel Gomez-Solaetxe
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) represents one of the major causes of mortality among preterm infants, and the best approach to treat it is an open research issue. The use of perfluorocarbons (PFC) along with non-invasive respiratory support techniques has proven the usefulness of PFC as a complementary substance to achieve a more homogeneous surfactant distribution. The aim of this work was to study the inhaled particles generated by means of an intracorporeal inhalation catheter, evaluating the size and mass distribution of different PFC aerosols...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487306/prediction-of-postnatal-growth-failure-among-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#18
Soon Min Lee, Namhyo Kim, Ran Namgung, Minsoo Park, Kookin Park, Jihyun Jeon
Postnatal growth failure (PGF) in preterm infants remains an important clinical issue. In this study, we analysed the incidence of PGF among very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and evaluated the risk factors for PGF based on the data of 2799 VLBW infants obtained from the Korean Neonatal Network database from 2013 to 2014. PGF was defined as a decrease in weight Z score between birth and discharge of more than -1.28 using the Fenton growth charts. Risk factors were evaluated in relation to birth weight for gestational age, namely small (SGA) or appropriate (AGA) for gestational age, using propensity score matching used for between-group differences...
February 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479228/twenty-four-hour-in-house-neonatologist-coverage-and-long-term-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-preterm-infants
#19
A Lodha, N Brown, A Soraisham, H Amin, S Tang, N Singhal
Objectives: To compare short- and long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes at 3 years of corrected age of preterm infants cared for by 24-hour in-house staff neonatologists and those cared for by staff neonatologists during daytime only. Methods: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected follow-up data on all nonanomalous preterm infants from 1998 to 2004 excluding year 2001 as a washout period. Infants were divided into two groups based on care provided by staff neonatologists: 24-hour in-house coverage (24-hour coverage 1998-2000) and daytime coverage (day coverage 2002-2004)...
August 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479196/efficacy-of-minimally-invasive-surfactant-therapy-in-moderate-and-late-preterm-infants-a-multicentre-randomized-control-trial
#20
François Olivier, Sophie Nadeau, Sylvie Bélanger, Anne-Sophie Julien, Edith Massé, Nabeel Ali, Georges Caouette, Bruno Piedboeuf
Background: Minimally invasive surfactant therapy (MIST) is a new strategy to avoid mechanical ventilation (MV) in respiratory distress syndrome. The primary aim of this study was to test MIST as a means of avoiding MV exposure and pneumothorax occurrence in moderate and late preterm infants (32 to 36 weeks' gestational age). Methods: This was a randomized controlled trial including three Canadian centres. Patients were randomized to standard management or to the intervention if they required nasal continuous positive airway pressure of 6 cm H2 O and 35% FiO2 in the first 24 hours of life...
June 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
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