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Ameloblastoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717292/conservative-management-of-unicystic-ameloblastoma-in-young-patients-a-prospective-single-center-trial-and-review-of-literature
#1
Mitsu Meshram, Lalit Sagarka, Jigar Dhuvad, Sonal Anchlia, Siddharth Vyas, Harsh Shah
AIMS: The study intends to evaluate the clinical outcome of treating young patients of unicystic ameloblastoma, by various conservative treatment modalities such as marsupialization, enucleation with bone curettage and aid in establishing sound treatment guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case series of fifteen patients is presented of unicystic ameloblastoma, who presented to our Department over the past 6 years (2010-2015) and conservative method of treatment elected in all the patients...
September 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707772/clinicopathological-characteristics-of-desmoplastic-ameloblastoma-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Rahul Anand, Gargi S Sarode, Sachin C Sarode, Mamatha Reddy, Hemant V Unadkat, Shazia Mushtaq, Revati Deshmukh, Shakira Choudhary, Nitin Gupta, Anjali P Ganjre, Shankargouda Patil
The aim of the present review was to systematically present the clinicopathological data of desmoplastic ameloblastoma (DA) from articles published in the literature. A comprehensive search of the databases (PubMed, Medline, SCOPUS, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) for published articles on DA was conducted. A total of 238 cases were identified and analyzed from 76 published papers. DA showed a slight male predilection (male: female=1.07:1) with a predominance in the fourth and fifth decades of life. Mandibular involvement (52...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706783/the-anecdote-of-viral-etiopathogenia-in-ameloblastoma-and-odontogenic-keratocyst-why-don-t-we-let-it-go
#3
Bacem A E O Khalele
BACKGROUND: Ameloblastoma (AM) and odontogenic Keratocyst (OKC) are destructive odontogenic lesions of the gnathion. Although their exact pathogeneses are not yet totally understood, the viral etiopathogenesis in AM and KCOT has been proposed. True to syndromic keratocystic odontogenic tumor (sKCOT) and non-syndromic OKC is the high recurrence rate. OBJECTIVES: Given that shared pathways trailed by AM and by sKCOT/OKC have been suggested, this study, however, contrasts the expression of AM and OKC for viral antibodies...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706782/immunohistochemical-evaluation-of-podoplanin-in-odontogenic-tumours-cysts-using-anti-human-podoplanin-antibody
#4
Namrata Singhal, Nitin Khanduri, Deepak Kurup, Brijesh Gupta, Pranjan Mitra, Roshani Chawla
BACKGROUND: Odontogenic Cysts & tumors originate through some aberration from the normal pattern of odontogenesis. Ameloblastoma is one of the most frequent intraosseous odontogenic tumors. However it is no longer appropriate to use the diagnosis of ameloblastoma without specifying the type. Varied-clinical entities of ameloblastoma differ in their biologic behaviour. Odontogenic cysts like dentigerous and radicular cysts are less aggressive in nature than odontogenic tumors. Recently, podoplanin commonly used as a lymphatic endothelial marker in cancers has recently been found to play a possible role in odontogenic tumorigenesis also...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699252/mesenchymal-stromal-cell-derived-il-6-promotes-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-acquisition-of-epithelial-stem-like-cell-properties-in-ameloblastoma-epithelial-cells
#5
Chunmiao Jiang, Qunzhou Zhang, Rabie M Shanti, Shihong Shi, Ting-Han Chang, Lee Carrasco, Faizan Alawi, Anh D Le
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a biological process associated with cancer stem-like or cancer-initiating cell (CSC) formation, contributes to the invasiveness, metastasis, drug resistance, and recurrence of the malignant tumors; it remains to be determined whether similar processes contribute to the pathogenesis and progression of ameloblastoma, a benign but locally invasive odontogenic neoplasm. Here, we demonstrated that EMT- and stem cell-related genes were expressed in the epithelial islands of the most common histologic variant subtype, the follicular ameloblastoma...
July 11, 2017: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674562/-ameloblastoma-of-the-maxillary-sinus-treated-with-radiation-therapy
#6
Asmaa Chehal, Rosabel Lobo, Asmaa Naim, Ignacio Azinovic
Ameloblastoma is a benign aggressive odontogenic tumor which requires early diagnosis and appropriate treatment. It commonly affects the mandible and radical surgery is the gold standard treatment. We report the case of a patient with ameloblastoma in extremely advanced phase affecting the maxillary sinus who was treated with intensity modulated conformal radiation therapy. Patient's evolution was marked by complete remission maintained after 24 months follow-up. Maxillary ameloblastoma is not well documented in the literature...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669443/i-125-brachytherapy-guided-by-individual-three-dimensional-printed-plates-for-recurrent-ameloblastoma-of-the-skull-base
#7
J-Y Liu, Q-W Man, Y-Q Ma, B Liu
Ameloblastoma is one of the most common benign odontogenic tumours of the mandible and the maxilla. Wide excision of the tumour is the first choice for treatment (except for unicystic ones). Patients with invaded margins or unresectable lesions may require radiotherapy. Today, permanent implantation of I(125) seeds is widely used in the treatment of cancer of the head and neck. We report a case of recurrent ameloblastoma of the base of the skull that was treated with I(125) brachytherapy. The outcome has been encouraging, with total disappearance of the tumour on positron emission tomography 18 months later...
June 29, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658279/genetic-basis-of-calcifying-cystic-odontogenic-tumors
#8
Akane Yukimori, Yu Oikawa, Kei-Ichi Morita, Chi Thi Kim Nguyen, Hiroyuki Harada, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Kou Kayamori, Akira Yamaguchi, Tohru Ikeda, Kei Sakamoto
Calcifying cystic odontogenic tumors (CCOTs) are benign cystic tumors that form abnormally keratinized ghost cells. Mutations in CTNNB1, which encodes beta-catenin, have been implicated in the development of these tumors, but a causal relationship has not been definitively established. Thus, mutational hot spots in 50 cancer genes were examined by targeted next-generation sequencing in 11 samples of CCOT. Mutations in CTNNB1, but not in other genes, were observed in 10 of 11 cases. These mutations constitutively activate beta-catenin signaling by abolishing the phosphorylation sites Asp32, Ser33, or Ser37, and are similar to those reported in pilomatrixoma and adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650588/genetic-study-of-the-braf-gene-reveals-a-new-variants-and-high-frequency-of-the-v600e-mutation-among-iranian-ameloblastoma-patients
#9
Maryam Soltani, Mohammad Amin Tabatabaiefar, Zhaleh Mohsenifar, Mohammad Reza Pourreza, Abbas Moridnia, Laleh Shariati, Seyyed Mohammad Razavi
BACKGROUND: Ameloblastoma is a benign, slow-growing, locally invasive tumor. It is one of the most prevalent odontogenic tumors, with an incidence rate of 1% of all oral tumors and approximately 18% of odontogenic tumors. A group of genes has been investigated in patients with ameloblastoma. The BRAF V600E mutation has been implicated as the most common mutation in ameloblastoma. The presence or absence of this mutation has been associated with several clinopathological properties, including location, age at diagnosis, histology, and prognosis...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639881/suspected-lateral-periodontal-cyst-presenting-concurrently-with-canine-acanthomatous-ameloblastoma-in-a-2-year-old-standard-poodle
#10
Jennifer Tjepkema, Cynthia Bell
Lateral periodontal cysts (LPCs) are odontogenic epithelial cysts composed of nonkeratinized epithelial cells that are in the category of developmental cysts, rather than inflammatory cysts. Lateral periodontal cysts are rare in both people and domestic animals; they are associated with vital teeth and located lateral to a tooth root. Lateral periodontal cysts are typically asymptomatic lesions that are characterized radiographically as a unilocular lucency with well-defined corticated borders. Canine acanthomatous ameloblastoma (CAA) is the most common odontogenic neoplasm in dogs and rarely presents as a cystic lesion...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638564/glandular-odontogenic-cyst-associated-with-ameloblastoma-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Timothée Cousin, Samuel Bobek, Dolphine Oda
Glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC) associated with ameloblastoma is an exceedingly rare histologic presentation with no known clinical significance or treatment applications. Four cases have been reported, three in the mandible and one in the maxilla. The age range is 14-65 and with male predilection. All four presented with swellings and two with pain. We add one more case to the literature of a 58-year old male presenting with an expansile multilocular radiolucency between teeth #19-23. The ameloblastomatous changes in this case are consistent with those of a unicystic ameloblastoma-mural subtype...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635992/odontogenic-tumors-a-retrospective-clinicopathological-study-from-two-italian-centers
#12
C Rubini, M Mascitti, A Santarelli, A Tempesta, L Limongelli, G Favia, E Maiorano
Objective: The aim of this retrospective study was to perform an epidemiological analysis of all odontogenic tumors treated in the University Hospitals "Ospedali Riuniti" in Ancona and "Policlinico" in Bari, from 1990 to 2015. Materials and methods: A retrospective survey of 277 patients treated for odontogenic tumors from 1990 to 2015 was performed. Data were retrieved from the archives of the above quoted Sections of Pathology. The lesions were classified according to 2005 WHO histological classification, and the following variables were analyzed: age, sex, histopathological diagnosis, site distribution, tumor size, and relapses...
March 2017: Pathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631627/ameloblastoma-a-16-year-clinicopathological-study-on-goan-population
#13
Karla Maria Carvalho, Anita Dhupar, Anita Spadigam, Shaheen Syed
BACKGROUND: Ameloblastoma is a benign slow growing tumor of odontogenic origin composed of epithelial cells that resemble enamel forming cells namely the ameloblasts however these lesional cells do not differentiate to produce enamel. They are locally aggressive and can cause severe abnormalities of the face and jaw. AIM: This study aimed to correlate the incidence and recurrence rates of ameloblastoma to the different clinical and histopathological parameters. METHODS: A study on ameloblastomas in the Goan population for 16 years (1999-2014) was carried out...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597929/next-generation-sequencing-of-oncogenes-and-tumor-suppressor-genes-in-odontogenic-myxomas
#14
Jean Nunes Santos, Ernesto Santos Sousa Neto, Josiane Alves França, Marina Gonçalves Diniz, Rennan Garcias Moreira, Wagner Henriques Castro, Ricardo Santiago Gomez, Silvia Ferreira de Sousa, Carolina Cavalieri Gomes
BACKGROUND: Mutations previously considered drivers of malignant neoplasms also occur in benign tumors. From the biological perspective, the study of malignant and benign neoplasms is equally relevant. The study of rare tumors contributes to the understanding of the more common ones, as both could share the same hallmark genetic drivers. The identification of driver mutations in benign tumors is facilitated by the fact that they harbor quiet genomes. Pathogenic mutations have being described in benign epithelial odontogenic tumors, such as ameloblastomas and adenomatoid odontogenic tumors...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584748/papilliferous-keratoameloblastoma-a-rare-case-report
#15
Ajit Singh Rathore, Saurabh Juneja, Neha Khurana, Devi Charan Shetty
Ameloblastoma is true odontogenic tumor of epithelial origin, which is described as locally aggressive with varying chances of recurrence. It is believed to derive from enamel organ, remnants of dental lamina, lining of odontogenic cysts, or basal cells of oral epithelium. Radiologically, it may present as unilocular or multilocular radiolucency commonly. Although conventional ameloblastoma presents typical histological features as described by Vickers and Gorlin, few unusual variants have been reported with different histological patterns...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584671/hybrid-desmoplastic-follicular-ameloblastoma-of-the-mandible-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Masayasu Iwase, Airi Fukuoka, Yoko Tanaka, Naoyuki Saida, Eriko Onaka, Sanae Bando, Gen Kondo
Desmoplastic ameloblastoma (DA) is one of the 6 histopathological subtypes of ameloblastoma. Hybrid lesions in which histopathologically conventional ameloblastoma coexists with areas of DA are rare. A 40-year-old male was referred to our hospital complaining of a swelling in the right premolar region of the mandible. A panoramic radiograph showed an area of radiolucency with a well-defined corticated border, whereas computed tomography revealed a unilocular radiolucent lesion and buccal expansion together with cortical perforation...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571285/unicystic-ameloblastoma-of-mandible-with-an-unusual-diverse-histopathology-a-rare-case-report
#17
Kanu Jain, Gaurav Sharma, Priyanka Kardam, Monica Mehendiratta
Ameloblastomas of jaws are benign odontogenic tumours with four clinical variants being solid multicystic type, unicystic type, extra osseous type and desmoplastic type. Unicystic ameloblastoma accounts for only 13% of all the known cases in the scientific literature. Follicular and plexiform patterns are the commonly seen histopathological patterns in unicystic ameloblastoma. Though rare in itself, presence of granular cells along with acanthomatous changes occurring in unicystic ameloblastoma is a rare phenomenon...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558942/bone-margin-analysis-for-benign-odontogenic-tumors
#18
REVIEW
Eric Ringer, Antonia Kolokythas
With the potential exception of the case of ameloblastoma, information relevant to the exact tumor-bone interface and extent of bone invasion by the commonly encountered odontogenic tumors is lacking. These tumors are rare. Treatment rendered varies significantly. Although commonly accepted practices are recommended, scientific evidence is relatively lacking. Prospective multicenter studies from tertiary treatment centers are required for evidence-based guidelines. Until studies are available, the proposed linear bone resection margin for odontogenic tumors and the evaluation of its adequacy in tumor eradication will be based on the limited data available...
May 27, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545325/mandibular-odontoameloblastoma-in-a-rat-and-a-horse
#19
Brian Murphy, Cynthia Bell, Amanda Koehne, Richard R Dubielzig
Odontoameloblastoma (OA) is a mixed odontogenic tumor that is an ameloblastoma with concurrent histologic evidence of odontoma differentiation. As a mixed tumor, OA is a tripartite lesion comprised of neoplastic odontogenic epithelium, induced dental ectomesenchyme (dental pulp), and mineralized dental matrix. Although rare, OA represents a diagnostic conundrum, as it is histologically closely related to 2 other mixed odontogenic tumors: odontoma (complex and compound) and ameloblastic fibro-odontoma. Herein we describe an OA arising from the mandible of a 4-mo-old Fischer 344 rat that had been exposed in utero to the mutagen ENU (N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea), and a naturally occurring lesion in a 2-y-old Appaloosa horse...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512274/glucose-transporter-1-expression-in-odontogenic-keratocyst-dentigerous-cyst-and-ameloblastoma-an-immunohistochemical-study
#20
Alokenath Bandyopadhyay, Abikshyeet Panda, Shyam S Behura, Sujatha Ramachandra, Kailash C Dash, Pallavi Mishra
INTRODUCTION: An array of odontogenic lesions manifest in the maxillofacial region with variable presentations. The biological behavior of lesions, such as odontogenic keratocyst (OKC), dentigerous cyst (DC), and ameloblastoma (AM) always invite debate. Glucose transporter 1 (GLUT-1) is proven to be an indicator of metabolic behavior of several benign and malignant neoplasms. AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the expression of GLUT-1 in OKC, DC, and AM to understand their metabolic behavior...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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