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Ameloblastoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639881/suspected-lateral-periodontal-cyst-presenting-concurrently-with-canine-acanthomatous-ameloblastoma-in-a-2-year-old-standard-poodle
#1
Jennifer Tjepkema, Cynthia Bell
Lateral periodontal cysts (LPCs) are odontogenic epithelial cysts composed of nonkeratinized epithelial cells that are in the category of developmental cysts, rather than inflammatory cysts. Lateral periodontal cysts are rare in both people and domestic animals; they are associated with vital teeth and located lateral to a tooth root. Lateral periodontal cysts are typically asymptomatic lesions that are characterized radiographically as a unilocular lucency with well-defined corticated borders. Canine acanthomatous ameloblastoma (CAA) is the most common odontogenic neoplasm in dogs and rarely presents as a cystic lesion...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638564/glandular-odontogenic-cyst-associated-with-ameloblastoma-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Timothée Cousin, Samuel Bobek, Dolphine Oda
Glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC) associated with ameloblastoma is an exceedingly rare histologic presentation with no known clinical significance or treatment applications. Four cases have been reported, three in the mandible and one in the maxilla. The age range is 14-65 and with male predilection. All four presented with swellings and two with pain. We add one more case to the literature of a 58-year old male presenting with an expansile multilocular radiolucency between teeth #19-23. The ameloblastomatous changes in this case are consistent with those of a unicystic ameloblastoma-mural subtype...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635992/odontogenic-tumors-a-retrospective-clinicopathological-study-from-two-italian-centers
#3
C Rubini, M Mascitti, A Santarelli, A Tempesta, L Limongelli, G Favia, E Maiorano
Objective: The aim of this retrospective study was to perform an epidemiological analysis of all odontogenic tumors treated in the University Hospitals "Ospedali Riuniti" in Ancona and "Policlinico" in Bari, from 1990 to 2015. Materials and methods: A retrospective survey of 277 patients treated for odontogenic tumors from 1990 to 2015 was performed. Data were retrieved from the archives of the above quoted Sections of Pathology. The lesions were classified according to 2005 WHO histological classification, and the following variables were analyzed: age, sex, histopathological diagnosis, site distribution, tumor size, and relapses...
March 2017: Pathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631627/ameloblastoma-a-16-year-clinicopathological-study-on-goan-population
#4
Karla Maria Carvalho, Anita Dhupar, Anita Spadigam, Shaheen Syed
BACKGROUND: Ameloblastoma is a benign slow growing tumor of odontogenic origin composed of epithelial cells that resemble enamel forming cells namely the ameloblasts however these lesional cells do not differentiate to produce enamel. They are locally aggressive and can cause severe abnormalities of the face and jaw. AIM: This study aimed to correlate the incidence and recurrence rates of ameloblastoma to the different clinical and histopathological parameters. METHODS: A study on ameloblastomas in the Goan population for 16 years (1999-2014) was carried out...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597929/next-generation-sequencing-of-oncogenes-and-tumor-suppressor-genes-in-odontogenic-myxomas
#5
Jean Nunes Dos Santos, Ernesto Santos Sousa Neto, Josiane Alves França, Marina Gonçalves Diniz, Rennan Garcias Moreira, Wagner Henriques Castro, Ricardo Santiago Gomez, Silvia Ferreira de Sousa, Carolina Cavalieri Gomes
BACKGROUND: Mutations previously considered drivers of malignant neoplasms also occur in benign tumors. From the biological perspective, the study of malignant and benign neoplasms is equally relevant. The study of rare tumors contributes to the understanding of the more common ones, as both could share the same hallmark genetic drivers. The identification of driver mutations in benign tumors is facilitated by the fact that they harbor quiet genomes. Pathogenic mutations have being described in benign epithelial odontogenic tumors, such as ameloblastomas and adenomatoid odontogenic tumors...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584748/papilliferous-keratoameloblastoma-a-rare-case-report
#6
Ajit Singh Rathore, Saurabh Juneja, Neha Khurana, Devi Charan Shetty
Ameloblastoma is true odontogenic tumor of epithelial origin, which is described as locally aggressive with varying chances of recurrence. It is believed to derive from enamel organ, remnants of dental lamina, lining of odontogenic cysts, or basal cells of oral epithelium. Radiologically, it may present as unilocular or multilocular radiolucency commonly. Although conventional ameloblastoma presents typical histological features as described by Vickers and Gorlin, few unusual variants have been reported with different histological patterns...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584671/hybrid-desmoplastic-follicular-ameloblastoma-of-the-mandible-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Masayasu Iwase, Airi Fukuoka, Yoko Tanaka, Naoyuki Saida, Eriko Onaka, Sanae Bando, Gen Kondo
Desmoplastic ameloblastoma (DA) is one of the 6 histopathological subtypes of ameloblastoma. Hybrid lesions in which histopathologically conventional ameloblastoma coexists with areas of DA are rare. A 40-year-old male was referred to our hospital complaining of a swelling in the right premolar region of the mandible. A panoramic radiograph showed an area of radiolucency with a well-defined corticated border, whereas computed tomography revealed a unilocular radiolucent lesion and buccal expansion together with cortical perforation...
2017: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571285/unicystic-ameloblastoma-of-mandible-with-an-unusual-diverse-histopathology-a-rare-case-report
#8
Kanu Jain, Gaurav Sharma, Priyanka Kardam, Monica Mehendiratta
Ameloblastomas of jaws are benign odontogenic tumours with four clinical variants being solid multicystic type, unicystic type, extra osseous type and desmoplastic type. Unicystic ameloblastoma accounts for only 13% of all the known cases in the scientific literature. Follicular and plexiform patterns are the commonly seen histopathological patterns in unicystic ameloblastoma. Though rare in itself, presence of granular cells along with acanthomatous changes occurring in unicystic ameloblastoma is a rare phenomenon...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558942/bone-margin-analysis-for-benign-odontogenic-tumors
#9
REVIEW
Eric Ringer, Antonia Kolokythas
With the potential exception of the case of ameloblastoma, information relevant to the exact tumor-bone interface and extent of bone invasion by the commonly encountered odontogenic tumors is lacking. These tumors are rare. Treatment rendered varies significantly. Although commonly accepted practices are recommended, scientific evidence is relatively lacking. Prospective multicenter studies from tertiary treatment centers are required for evidence-based guidelines. Until studies are available, the proposed linear bone resection margin for odontogenic tumors and the evaluation of its adequacy in tumor eradication will be based on the limited data available...
May 27, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545325/mandibular-odontoameloblastoma-in-a-rat-and-a-horse
#10
Brian Murphy, Cynthia Bell, Amanda Koehne, Richard R Dubielzig
Odontoameloblastoma (OA) is a mixed odontogenic tumor that is an ameloblastoma with concurrent histologic evidence of odontoma differentiation. As a mixed tumor, OA is a tripartite lesion comprised of neoplastic odontogenic epithelium, induced dental ectomesenchyme (dental pulp), and mineralized dental matrix. Although rare, OA represents a diagnostic conundrum, as it is histologically closely related to 2 other mixed odontogenic tumors: odontoma (complex and compound) and ameloblastic fibro-odontoma. Herein we describe an OA arising from the mandible of a 4-mo-old Fischer 344 rat that had been exposed in utero to the mutagen ENU (N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea), and a naturally occurring lesion in a 2-y-old Appaloosa horse...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512274/glucose-transporter-1-expression-in-odontogenic-keratocyst-dentigerous-cyst-and-ameloblastoma-an-immunohistochemical-study
#11
Alokenath Bandyopadhyay, Abikshyeet Panda, Shyam S Behura, Sujatha Ramachandra, Kailash C Dash, Pallavi Mishra
INTRODUCTION: An array of odontogenic lesions manifest in the maxillofacial region with variable presentations. The biological behavior of lesions, such as odontogenic keratocyst (OKC), dentigerous cyst (DC), and ameloblastoma (AM) always invite debate. Glucose transporter 1 (GLUT-1) is proven to be an indicator of metabolic behavior of several benign and malignant neoplasms. AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the expression of GLUT-1 in OKC, DC, and AM to understand their metabolic behavior...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503263/spontaneous-peripheral-ameloblastic-odontoma-in-a-male-sprague-dawley-rat
#12
Yinghua Li, Han-Ik Bae, Hak-Soo Kim, Min-Soo Kang, Bo-Ho Gong, Won-Hee Jung, Sranna Lee, Jin-Sook Bae, Kap-Ho Kim, Si-Whan Song, Jae-Hyun Lee, Boo-Hyon Kang
Peripheral ameloblastic odontoma is a rare variant of odontogenic tumor occurring in the extraosseous region. The present report describes a spontaneous tumor in male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. The clinically confirmed nodule in the right mandibular region was first observed when the rat was 42 weeks and remained until the terminal sacrifice date when the animal was 48 weeks of age. At necropsy, a well demarcated nodule, approximately 2.5 × 2.0 × 2.0 cm, protruded from the ventral area of the right mandible...
April 2017: Toxicological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499501/potential-involvement-of-chondroitin-sulfate-a-in-the-pathogenesis-of-ameloblastoma
#13
Xiangjun Li, Hiroshi Kurita, Tiepeng Xiao, Kyou Iijima, Kenji Kurashina, Jun Nakayama
Ameloblastoma is classified as a benign odontogenic tumor characterized by locally invasive behavior and high risk of recurrence. Here, we evaluate a potential role for glycosaminoglycan, a structural component of cell membranes and extracellular matrix, in ameloblstoma pathogenesis. We subjected formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections of 34 cases of ameloblastoma, 10 of odontogenic keratocyst, and 17 of dentigerous cyst to immunohistochemistry using monoclonal antibodies recognizing chondroitin sulfate A (CS-A), heparan sulfate (HS), and keratan sulfate (KS)...
May 9, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485021/pattern-of-distribution-of-odontogenic-tumours-in-sub-saharan-africa
#14
Oladunni M Ogundana, Olajumoke Ajibola Effiom, Onatolu Odukoya
OBJECTIVE: To analyse documented reports on odontogenic tumours (OTs) in sub-Saharan Black Africa and to create awareness of the need for more reports on this topic. METHODS: There were 2,186 African cases of OTs presented at the International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathologists (IAOP) Congress (Cape Town, South Africa) in 1998 that were added to 2,198 cases derived from reports published in the scientific literature from 1998 to date. The analysis undertaken included frequency distribution of available data on OTs that was listed in the 2005 World Health Organization (WHO) classification...
May 8, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479717/granular-cell-ameloblastoma
#15
Yakob Martin, M Sathyakumar, Jeyanthi Premkumar, K T Magesh
A 42-year-female patient presented with a swelling on the left side of the face for the past 10 years. The radiograph shows multilocular radiolucency with evidence of root resorption. Histopathology reveals fibrous connective tissue exhibiting numerous odontogenic epithelial islands with peripheral tall columnar cells showing a reversal of polarity. The center of the island shows stellate reticulum like cells. The connective tissue also shows the presence of extensive coarse granular eosinophilic cells distributed throughout the section...
January 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479707/oral-pulse-granuloma-associated-with-ameloblastoma-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-literature
#16
Uma Vasant Datar, Rahul B Patil, Aarti M Mahajan, Sachin Dahivelkar
Oral pulse granuloma (PG) is a rare lesion that presents as a foreign body granulomatous reaction to implanted food particles of plant or vegetable origin. It is classified as a central or a peripheral lesion depending on the location. Rarely, a central oral PG may be associated with a cyst or tumor, thus leading to a deceptive histopathological picture. This is exemplified in the present case of 27-year-old female patient who reported with a swelling on the left posterior region of mandible which was diagnosed as ameloblastoma...
January 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479706/disorganized-histomorphology-dentinogenic-ghost-cell-tumor
#17
Cheshta Walia, Bina Kashyap, Sudip Roy
Calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC) is a term used broadly to define lesions which were either cystic/solid in nature. However, a new term defining dentinogenic ghost cell tumor (DGCT), as its neoplastic counterpart, histopathologically showed the presence of dentinoid-like areas, ghost cells and ameloblastomatous-like odontogenic epithelium. This possesses a great challenge to an oral pathologist in diagnosing and differentiating it from solid multicystic ameloblastoma or COCs so as to ensure the biological behavior and pathogenesis behind its multifaceted nature...
January 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479687/comparative-immunohistochemical-study-of-bcl-x-in-ameloblastoma-keratocystic-odontogenic-tumor-and-adenomatoid-odontogenic-tumor
#18
Payal Shukla, Sudeendra Prabhu, Maji Jose, B H Sripathi Rao
OBJECTIVES: Since its recognition as a physiologic process associated with tumor, among molecular mechanisms involved in tumor progression, defects in regulation of apoptosis have generated an accelerating volume of research that has sought to elucidate the role of programed cell death in pathogenesis and treatment of various tumors. Therefore, this study was performed to understand better the diverse biological profile of epithelial odontogenic tumors with the help of immunohistochemical expression of Bcl-X protein...
January 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472562/prevalence-of-odontogenic-lesions-among-the-kanpur-population-an-institutional-study
#19
Amrita Raj, Gayathri Ramesh, Ramesh Nagarajappa, Amit Pandey, Ankita Raj
BACKGROUND: The frequency and incidence of odontogenic cysts and tumors are controversial and depends in the geographic location. These lesions have great clinical and histopathological diversity, and reflect a need for epidemiological profile to be considered when these lesions are studied. AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of odontogenic cysts and tumors over a period of 10 years and to compare with other data reported around the world...
May 2017: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469123/acanthomatous-ameloblastoma-in-anterior-mandibular-region-of-a-young-patient-a-rare-case-report
#20
Sridevi Ugrappa, Ajay Jain, Neeraj Kumar Fuloria, Shivkanya Fuloria
Ameloblastoma is the most known of the epithelial odontogenic benign tumor. It is slow growing and locally aggressive in nature and most commonly seen in the posterior mandible. Various histopathological variants exist, among which acanthomatous type of ameloblastoma is one of the rarest types. Acanthomatous ameloblastoma is usually seen in older aged human population and most commonly reported in canine region of dogs in literature. Here, we report a rare case of acanthomatous ameloblastoma in a young male patient involving mandibular anterior region crossing the midline with recurrence over a period of 2 years of follow-up after surgical resection...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
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