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Ameloblastoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212886/primary-ameloblastoma-of-the-temporal-bone
#1
Andro Košec, Jakov Ajduk, Mihael Ries, Robert Trotić
Ameloblastoma is a locally aggressive tumor derived from odontogenic epithelium. Although benign, its clinical behavior can often exhibit malignant characteristics. It is marked by slow and persistent growth with infiltration of adjacent tissues. Almost 70% occur in the mandible in patients older than 30 years. Recurrence of ameloblastoma from inadequate treatment is frequent. Because of its slow growth, recurrences can present decades after primary surgery. A primary ameloblastoma in an area outside the mandibular, maxillary, and infratemporal fossa regions has not been described in detail to date, with only 1 possible case mentioned in the literature...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191811/metastatic-ameloblastoma-to-brain-a-rare-entity
#2
Arif Sarmast, Khursheed Nayil-M, Rumana Makhdoomi, Azhar Butto, Altaf Ramzan
Ameloblastoma is a rare odontogenic tumor of the jaw. It is a benign neoplasm but local recurrence is common. Metastasis from this tumor is all the more rare. The commonest site for metastasis is lung. Brain is a very uncommon site of involvement. Overall prognosis is good. We hereby discuss ameloblastoma of lower jaw in a young adult which had metastasized to brain. Patient was operated for the metastatic lesion of brain and is doing well on follow-up.
September 2016: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187692/rare-case-of-giant-unicystic-ameloblastoma-luminal-variant
#3
Adarsh Kudva, Abhay T Kamath, Nirmala N Rao, Jyotsna Rajan
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Ameloblastoma is a locally aggressive benign tumor, commonly occurring in the mandible. While giant ameloblastoma of multicystic or plexiform variant have been reported, the authors report a rare case of giant unicystic ameloblastoma of luminal variant, which was treated by compartmental resection and planned for delayed reconstruction. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 46 year old male patient reported to the oral surgery out-patient department with a swelling of the left side mandible region of 2 years duration...
February 10, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176614/acanthomatous-ameloblastoma-with-atypical-foci-in-five-dogs
#4
Jennifer L Malmberg, Elizabeth W Howerth, Barb E Powers, Paula A Schaffer
Acanthomatous ameloblastoma is a common, locally invasive, nonmetastasizing tumor of the canine oral cavity. The long-term prognosis for canine acanthomatous ameloblastoma is good if complete excision can be achieved, usually by maxillectomy or mandibulectomy. A variant of acanthomatous ameloblastoma with atypical foci was noted in 5 dogs. There was no age, breed, or sex predisposition. Atypical cells were pleomorphic with a high mitotic rate. They were immunohistochemically negative for cytokeratin, vimentin, melan A, PNL2, CD3, Pax5, CD18, chromogranin A, and synaptophysin...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174367/collagen-and-its-role-in-predicting-the-biological-behavior-of-odontogenic-lesions
#5
Pavan G Kulkarni, M Aruna Kumari, Abhishek Jahagirdar, Srk Nandan, Shyam Prasad Reddy D, M Keerthi
INTRODUCTION: Odontogenic cysts and tumors have variable recurrence rates. Recurrence rate is mainly due to the activity of the epithelium. The epithelium of these lesions has been investigated extensively in regard to their role in proliferative and aggressive behavior of the lesions. However, the role of the connective tissue wall in their behavior has not been studied as extensively. Collagen is an essential part of the connective tissue as a whole and fibrous wall of cystic lesions especially...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169911/metastatic-endobronchial-ameloblastoma
#6
Prashanth Kanagarajah, Lawrence M Ciment, Ari J Ciment, Stephen R Clum, Mark J Rumbak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160576/the-relative-frequency-of-odontogenic-tumors-a-study-of-376-cases-in-a-brazilian-population
#7
R Lima-Verde-Osterne, E Turatti, R Cordeiro-Teixeira, R Barroso-Cavalcante
BACKGROUND: Odontogenic tumors (OTs) are rare lesions, exclusive of the jaws, that are derived from epithelial and/or ectomesenchymal elements of the tooth-forming apparatus. Their biological behavior is heterogeneous, including hamartomatous tissue proliferation, benign nonaggressive and aggressive neoplasms, and malignant tumors with metastatic capacity. The aim of this study was to describe the relative frequency of odontogenic tumors in a Brazilian population. In addition, a review of the literature identified studies on odontogenic tumors that follow the 2005 World Health Organization...
February 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153133/odontogenic-cysts-and-neoplasms
#8
REVIEW
Elizabeth Ann Bilodeau, Bobby M Collins
This article reviews a myriad of common and uncommon odontogenic cysts and tumors. The clinical presentation, gross and microscopic features, differential diagnosis, prognosis, and diagnostic pitfalls are addressed for inflammatory cysts (periapical cyst, mandibular infected buccal cyst/paradental cyst), developmental cysts (dentigerous, lateral periodontal, glandular odontogenic, orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst), benign tumors (keratocystic odontogenic tumor, ameloblastoma, adenomatoid odontogenic tumor, calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor, ameloblastic fibroma and fibroodontoma, odontoma, squamous odontogenic tumor, calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor, primordial odontogenic tumor, central odontogenic fibroma, and odontogenic myxomas), and malignant tumors (clear cell odontogenic carcinoma, ameloblastic carcinoma, ameloblastic fibrosarcoma)...
March 2017: Surgical Pathology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149478/immunoexpression-of-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway-proteins-in-ameloblastoma-and-calcifying-cystic-odontogenic-tumor
#9
Sabrina-Nogueira Dutra, Fábio-Ramôa Pires, Luciana Armada, Rebeca-Souza Azevedo
BACKGROUND: Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is essential for the beginning of odontogenesis and may be involved in the development and progression of some odontogenic tumors. Thus, the aim of this study was to comparatively evaluate the immunohistochemical expression of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway proteins in a series of AME and CCOT. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Immunohistochemical reactions were performed using antibodies against Wnt1, Wnt5a and β-catenin in 17 cases of solid AME and 6 cases of CCOT...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142213/ameloblastoma-current-etiopathological-concepts-and-management
#10
Olajumoke A Effiom, Oladunni M Ogundana, Abdulwarith O Akinshipo, Sunday O Akintoye
Ameloblastoma is a benign odontogenic tumor of epithelial origin. It is locally aggressive with unlimited growth capacity and has a high potential for malignant transformation as well as metastasis. Ameloblastoma has no established preventive measures although majority of patients are between ages 30 to 60 years. Molecular and genetic factors that promote oncogenic transformation of odontogenic epithelium to ameloblastoma are strongly linked to dysregulation of multiple genes associated with mitogen activated protein kinase, sonic hedgehog and WNT/β-catenin signaling pathways...
January 31, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123497/odontogenic-epithelial-proliferation-is-correlated-with-cox-2-expression-in-dentigerous-cyst-and-ameloblastoma
#11
Mohammed Amjed Alsaegh, Hitoshi Miyashita, Takahiro Taniguchi, Sheng Rong Zhu
Investigation of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 in dentigerous cyst and ameloblastoma may help to improve understanding of the nature and behavior of odontogenic cysts and tumors, and in addition may eventually represent a definitive target for a pharmacological approach in the management of these lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate COX-2 expression and its correlation with the proliferation of odontogenic epithelium in these lesions. Dentigerous cysts (n=16) and ameloblastomas (n=17) were evaluated. Detection of Ki-67 and COX-2 protein expression was conducted by immunohistochemistry...
January 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118194/ameloblastoma-in-a-patient-with-williams-syndrome-and-use-of-fibular-flap
#12
Fatma Betul Tuncer, Bulent Sacak, Zeynep Deniz Akdeniz, Ozhan Celebiler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105148/ameloblastic-carcinoma-of-the-maxilla-a-case-report-and-an-updated-review-of-the-literature
#13
Alessandro Moro, Enrico Foresta, Giulio Gasparini, Sandro Pelo, Mario Forcione, Enrico Giuseppe Cristallini, Marco Toraldo, Cardarelli Lorenzo, Marco Falchi, Gianmarco Saponaro
Ameloblastic carcinoma (AC) is an uncommon malignant odontogenic tumor that can be difficult to differentiate from ameloblastoma and can arise directly as an undifferentiated lesion or from a pre-existing benign lesion. The current study presents a novel case of primary maxillary AC and review the literature on AC of the maxilla. The review of the literature indicates that secondary tumors and posterior localization are associated with a higher tendency for recurrence and, often, multiple recurrences. Surgical therapy, eventually followed by radiotherapy, is the treatment modality most frequently applied, while the role of chemotherapy remains unclear...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060370/diagnosing-the-most-common-odontogenic-cystic-and-osseous-lesions-of-the-jaws-for-the-practicing-pathologist
#14
Robert A Robinson
Odontogenic cysts and osseous lesions are often seen as challenging diagnostic lesions but the majority of them are easily classified. This article outlines the diagnostic features required for separating the most common of odontogenic cysts and select osseous lesions of the jaws. Clinical and radiographic findings of these jaw lesions often lead to a differential diagnosis that only the histologic findings will clarify. Dentigerous cyst, keratocystic odontogenic tumor, and certain ameloblastomas that have cystic change, may have identical radiographic findings, with only separation by their specific histologic features leading to the significantly different treatments required for each...
January 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060092/functional-reconstruction-of-nonsegmental-mandibular-defect-with-fresh-frozen-bone-graft-and-delayed-implants-placement
#15
Tommaso Bucci, Pier Francesco Nocini
The loss of teeth and the alveolar bone secondary to resection of mandibular tumors may lead to unfavorable esthetic and functional results with a significant impairment of mastication.The authors report a 53-year-old patient with recurrence of ameloblastoma who was submitted to marginal mandibulectomy. Bone defect was immediately reconstructed using fresh frozen bone graft and 9 months after reconstruction 3 dental implants were inserted in the grafted bone. After 6 months, dental rehabilitation was achieved using a fixed implant-supported prosthesis...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054463/kallikrein-related-peptidase-expression-in-odontogenic-cysts-and-tumors-an-immunohistochemical-comparative-study
#16
Mark Roger Darling, Rebecca Woodford, Karl Kevin Cuddy, Linda Jackson-Boeters, Alyssa Hayter, Jeyanth Inkaran, Eleftherios P Diamandis, Zia Khan
AIM: The aim of the present study was to profile the expression of human kallikrein (KLK)-related peptidases (KLK) in odontogenic lesions. METHODS: Paraffin-embedded, formalin-fixed, non-odontogenic (control) and odontogenic lesions were stained for KLK using a standard immunohistochemical technique. The intensity and proportion of epithelial cells stained was scored. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was utilized to evaluate KLK 1-15 mRNA expression in ameloblastomas...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038480/intracranial-ameloblastoma-arising-from-the-maxilla-an-interdisciplinary-surgical-approach
#17
Johanna Quick-Weller, Felix Koch, Nazife Dinc, Stephanie Lescher, Peter Baumgarten, Patrick Harter, Friedrich Scheerer, Robert Sader, Volker Seifert, Gerhard Marquardt, Thomas Freiman
Background Ameloblastomas are a rare tumor entity accounting for only 10% of all odontogenic tumors. They mostly originate from the mandible. Only a few cases are known to grow aggressively and to invade the orbit, nasal cavity, or even the brain. Patient and Methods/Case Report We present the case of a 57-year-old patient who was admitted with a huge tumor involving the nasal cavity, the left maxilla, and the anterior fossa. Histologic diagnosis was made by biopsy. A combined two-stage neurosurgical maxillofacial approach was planned...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025428/expression-of-p73-and-trail-in-odontogenic-cysts-and-tumors
#18
Marco Mascitti, Andrea Santarelli, Antonio Zizzi, Maurizio Procaccini, Lorenzo Lo Muzio, Corrado Rubini
Odontogenic tumors are a group of lesions arising from the odontogenic apparatus. Although the mechanism of oncogenesis and tumor progression in these lesions remains unknown, certain proteins, such as those involved in apoptosis, seem to be involved in the differentiation and proliferation of odontogenic epithelial cells. The aim of this study was to analyze the expression of p73 and TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) in odontogenic tumors and cysts, and to clarify changes in the expression of these proteins...
2016: Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998738/what-is-important-for-confirming-negative-margins-when-resecting-mandibular-ameloblastomas
#19
Zachary S Peacock, Yisi D Ji, William C Faquin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the utility of intraoperative radiographs and frozen sections in achieving negative margins and preventing recurrence of mandibular ameloblastomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent resection (≥1 cm) of mandibular ameloblastomas from 2005 through 2015. Patients were included if they had at least 1-year follow-up and complete records. Demographic variables included age, gender, and type of resection (segmental vs marginal)...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995335/differential-expression-of-the-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-factors-snail-slug-twist-tgf-%C3%AE-and-e-cadherin-in-ameloblastoma
#20
Kagami Kurioka, Masahiro Wato, Tomio Iseki, Akio Tanaka, Shosuke Morita
Epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT), the transition of epithelial cells into motile mesenchymal cells, plays an important role in embryogenesis, cancer invasion, and metastasis. Ameloblastomas are common epithelial odontogenic tumors, occurring exclusively in the mandible with locally invasive growth. Thirty-seven ameloblastoma cases were evaluated for the involvement of EMT by immunohistochemical staining and western blotting using antibodies against Slug, Snail, Twist, TGF-β, and E-cadherin. Double immunostaining was also performed...
December 19, 2016: Medical Molecular Morphology
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