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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150344/biomechanical-mechanism-of-lateral-trunk-lean-gait-for-knee-osteoarthritis-patients
#1
Kazuki Tokuda, Masaya Anan, Makoto Takahashi, Tomonori Sawada, Kenji Tanimoto, Nobuhiro Kito, Koichi Shinkoda
The biomechanical mechanism of lateral trunk lean gait employed to reduce external knee adduction moment (KAM) for knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients is not well known. This mechanism may relate to the center of mass (COM) motion. Moreover, lateral trunk lean gait may affect motor control of the COM displacement. Uncontrolled manifold (UCM) analysis is an evaluation index used to understand motor control and variability of the motor task. Here we aimed to clarify the biomechanical mechanism to reduce KAM during lateral trunk lean gait and how motor variability controls the COM displacement...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141007/escitalopram-and-nht-normalized-stress-induced-anhedonia-and-molecular-neuroadaptations-in-a-mouse-model-of-depression
#2
Or Burstein, Motty Franko, Eyal Gale, Assaf Handelsman, Segev Barak, Shai Motsan, Alon Shamir, Roni Toledano, Omri Simhon, Yafit Hirshler, Gang Chen, Ravid Doron
Anhedonia is defined as a diminished ability to obtain pleasure from otherwise positive stimuli. Anxiety and mood disorders have been previously associated with dysregulation of the reward system, with anhedonia as a core element of major depressive disorder (MDD). The aim of the present study was to investigate whether stress-induced anhedonia could be prevented by treatments with escitalopram or novel herbal treatment (NHT) in an animal model of depression. Unpredictable chronic mild stress (UCMS) was administered for 4 weeks on ICR outbred mice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112886/uncontrolled-manifold-analysis-of-joint-angle-variability-during-table-tennis-forehand
#3
Yoichi Iino, Shinsuke Yoshioka, Senshi Fukashiro
This study was conducted with the objective of evaluating the variance structure of the trunk and racket arm joint angles in table tennis topspin forehand using the uncontrolled manifold (UCM) approach, regarding racket orientation as the task variable. Nine advanced and eight intermediate male collegiate table tennis players performed the topspin strokes against backspin balls. The trunk, upper limb, and racket were modeled as six rigid-link segments with a total of 16 rotation degrees of freedom. The UCM analysis was conducted using 30 trial datasets per participant to quantify the degree of redundancy exploitation needed to stabilize the vertical and horizontal angles of the racket...
November 4, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111138/kir-like-activating-natural-killer-cell-receptors-and-their-association-with-complicated-malaria-in-north-india
#4
Swayam Prakash, Prabhat Ranjan, Ujjala Ghoshal, Suraksha Agrawal
Killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) genomic regions have been suggested to influence malaria pathogenesis and infection susceptibility. KIRs are known as activating natural killer (NK) cell receptors, which upon binding to their corresponding human leukocyte antigen (HLA) ligands cause lysis of any infected cell. We have examined the potential association of KIR genes with complicated malaria (CM) among north Indians in this study and further evaluated the KIR receptor-HLA ligand association on the severity of the disease considering the uncomplicated malaria (UCM) subjects as control...
October 27, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082432/oil-contamination-in-surface-sediment-of-anzali-wetland-in-iran-is-primarily-even-carbon-number-n-alkanes
#5
Rokhsareh Azimi-Yancheshmeh, Alireza Riyahi-Bakhtiari, Mozhgan Savabieasfahani
To determine the extent of oil contamination and biodegradation in Anzali Wetland of Iran, we examined aliphatic hydrocarbons in surface sediment of this area (n=20). Petroleum hydrocarbon levels (mean 1585 ± 1117; range 316 to 4358 μg g-(1) dry weight) were similar in value to reports from other highly contaminated areas, such as New York Bight, Saudi and Kuwaiti coasts of the Persian Gulf, and Dubai shorelines. Even carbon homologs dominated distribution of n-alkanes in surface sediment of Anzali, which is rarely reported elsewhere...
October 29, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070884/telmisartan-activates-ppar%C3%AE-to-improve-symptoms-of-unpredictable-chronic-mild-stress-induced-depression-in-mice
#6
Yingxiao Li, Kai-Chun Cheng, Keng-Fan Liu, Wen-Huang Peng, Juei-Tang Cheng, Ho-Shan Niu
Major depression is a common mental disorder that has been established to be associated with a decrease in serotonin and/or serotonin transporters in the brain. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor δ (PPARδ) has been introduced as a potential target for depression treatment. Telmisartan was recently shown to activate PPARδ expression; therefore, the effectiveness of telmisartan in treating depression was investigated. In unpredictable chronic mild stress (UCMS) model, treatment with telmisartan for five weeks notably decrease in the time spent in the central and the reduced frequency of grooming and rearing in open filed test (OFT) and the decreased sucrose consumption in sucrose preference test (SPT) compared with the paradigms...
October 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063394/multivariate-curve-resolution-of-organic-pollution-patterns-in-mangrove-forest-sediment-from-qeshm-island-and-khamir-port-persian-gulf-iran
#7
Mahsa Dadashi, Sanaz Ghaffari, Alireza Riyahi Bakhtiari, Roma Tauler
Straight-chain alkanes (n-alkanes) have been proposed as biomarkers to assess petroleum pollution sources in marine environments. In this work, three sampling sites were selected along Iranian-protected mangrove forests in the Persian Gulf. Sample sites were chosen to represent different compositions and sources of n-alkanes in surface sediments (0-5 cm) from different locations in the Khamir Port, in the middle part of the Gulf, and in the Qeshm Island. Samples were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and the obtained n-alkanes concentrations were analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA) and multivariate curve resolution alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) to deduce their possible sources and distribution patterns...
October 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978121/antiproliferative-and-pro-apoptotic-activity-of-melatonin-analogues-on-melanoma-and-breast-cancer-cells
#8
Giuliana Gatti, Valeria Lucini, Silvana Dugnani, Angela Calastretti, Gilberto Spadoni, Annalida Bedini, Silvia Rivara, Marco Mor, Gianfranco Canti, Francesco Scaglione, Annamaria Bevilacqua
Melatonin plays different physiological functions ranging from the regulation of circadian rhythms to tumor inhibition, owing to its antioxidant, immunomodulatory and anti-aging properties. Due to its pleiotropic functions, melatonin has been shown to elicit cytoprotective processes in normal cells and trigger pro-apoptotic signals in cancer cells. The therapeutic potential of melatonin analogues prompted us to investigate the in vitro and in vivo antitumor activity of new melatonin derivatives and explore the underlying molecular mechanisms...
September 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939197/uncontrolled-manifold-hypothesis-organization-of-leg-joint-variance-in-humans-while-walking-in-a-wide-range-of-speeds
#9
Monaco Vito, Tropea Peppino, Lucio A Rinaldi, Micera Silvestro
This study aimed at investigating the organization of joint angle variability during walking by using the uncontrolled manifold (UCM) theory. We tested two hypotheses: i. the coordinative mechanism underlying joint angle variance during the stance phase is compatible with a kinematic synergy that stabilizes the centre of mass (CoM) position; ii. the walking speed affects the variance components onto and orthogonal to the UCM. Eight healthy subjects (26.0±2.0years old) steadily walked on a treadmill at five normalised speeds (from 0...
September 19, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936720/development-of-finger-force-coordination-in-children
#10
Sharon Shaklai, Aviva Mimouni-Bloch, Moran Levin, Jason Friedman
Coordination is often observed as body parts moving together. However, when producing force with multiple fingers, the optimal coordination is not to produce similar forces with each finger, but rather for each finger to correct mistakes of other fingers. In this study, we aim to determine whether and how this skill develops in children aged 4-12 years. We measured this sort of coordination using the uncontrolled manifold hypothesis (UCM). We recorded finger forces produced by 60 typically developing children aged between 4 and 12 years in a finger-pressing task...
December 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935440/effects-of-acute-restraint-and-unpredictable-chronic-mild-stress-on-brain-corticotrophin-releasing-factor-mrna-in-the-elevated-t-maze
#11
José S de Andrade, Isabel C Céspedes, Renata O Abrão, Joelcimar M da Silva, Ricardo Ceneviva, Daniel Araki Ribeiro, Jackson C Bittencourt, Milena B Viana
Corticotrophin releasing factor (CRF) modulates stress/anxiety-related responses. Previous studies showed that exposure to acute restraint and unpredictable chronic mild stress (UCMS) facilitates elevated T-maze (ETM) avoidance responses, an anxiogenic-like effect. This study verified the role of CRF in the modulation of ETM avoidance and escape reactions, in unstressed rats and in animals exposed to acute restraint or to UCMS, by quantifying CRF mRNA concentrations in stress/anxiety-related brain regions, through semiquantitative in situ hybridization...
September 19, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926614/effect-of-chronic-stress-on-running-wheel-activity-in-mice
#12
Evan DeVallance, Dale Riggs, Barbara Jackson, Travis Parkulo, Stanley Zaslau, Paul D Chantler, I Mark Olfert, Randy W Bryner
Acute and chronic stress have been reported to have differing effects on physical activity in rodents, but no study has examined a chronic stress protocol that incorporates stressors often experienced by rodents throughout a day. To examine this, the effects of the Unpredictable Chronic Mild Stress (UCMS) protocol on voluntary running wheel activity at multiple time points, and/or in response to acute removal of chronic stress was determined. Twenty male Balb/c mice were given access and accustomed to running wheels for 4 weeks, after which they were randomized into 2 groups; exercise (EX, n = 10) and exercise with chronic stress using a modified UCMS protocol for 7 hours/day (8:00 a...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921671/methyl-jasmonate-ameliorates-unpredictable-chronic-mild-stress-induced-behavioral-and-biochemical-alterations-in-mouse-brain
#13
Adaeze Adebesin, Abayomi M Ajayi, Elizabeth O Olonode, Osarume Omorogbe, Solomon Umukoro
Preclinical Research The effects of methyl jasmonate (MJ; 5, 10, 20 mg/kg, i.p), a natural product widely used for the relief of stress, depression, and exhaustion on unpredictable chronic mild stress (UCMS)-induced depression-like behaviors in mice was assessed and compared to those of imipramine (IMP; 10 mg/kg, i.p). MJ and IMP were given 30 min before exposure to UCMS with the procedure repeated daily for 2 weeks; 24 h after the stress session, the tail suspension test (TST) and sucrose preference test were assessed...
September 17, 2017: Drug Development Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890366/increasing-adult-hippocampal-neurogenesis-in-mice-after-exposure-to-unpredictable-chronic-mild-stress-may-counteract-some-of-the-effects-of-stress
#14
Luka Culig, Alexandre Surget, Marlene Bourdey, Wahid Khemissi, Anne-Marie Le Guisquet, Elise Vogel, Amar Sahay, René Hen, Catherine Belzung
Major depression is hypothesized to be associated with dysregulations of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and impairments in adult hippocampal neurogenesis. Adult-born hippocampal neurons are required for several effects of antidepressants and increasing the rate of adult hippocampal neurogenesis (AHN) before exposure to chronic corticosterone is sufficient to protect against its harmful effects on behavior. However, it is an open question if increasing AHN after the onset of chronic stress exposure would be able to rescue behavioral deficits and which mechanisms might be involved in recovery...
September 7, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875366/saikosaponin-d-relieves-unpredictable-chronic-mild-stress-induced-depressive-like-behavior-in-rats-involvement-of-hpa-axis-and-hippocampal-neurogenesis
#15
Hong-Yan Li, Ying-Hua Zhao, Min-Jie Zeng, Fang Fang, Min Li, Ting-Ting Qin, Lu-Yu Ye, Hong-Wei Li, Rong Qu, Shi-Ping Ma
RATIONALE: Saikosaponin D (SSD), a major bioactive component isolated from Radix Bupleuri, has been reported to exert neuroprotective properties. OBJECTIVES: The present study was designed to investigate the anti-depressant-like effects and the potential mechanisms of SSD. METHODS: Behavioural tests including sucrose preference test (SPT), open field test (OFT) and forced swim test (FST) were performed to study the antidepressant-like effects of SSD...
November 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869185/gait-variability-and-motor-control-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-as-measured-by-the-uncontrolled-manifold-technique
#16
Gwenllian Fflur Tawy, Philip Rowe, Leela Biant
Knee osteoarthritis (OA) causes pain, reduced muscular strength and stiffness of the affected joint. In response, the motor control mechanism is altered, potentially compromising stability during acts of daily living. Reduced walking stability can be quantified in terms of gait variability. This study therefore aimed to identify and quantify the effects of knee arthritis on gait variability. Fifty adults (25 males/25 females) with end-stage OA of the knee sufficiently symptomatic to require joint replacement, walked on a self-paced treadmill for 2min...
August 18, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859148/stellate-ganglion-block-attenuates-chronic-stress-induced-depression-in-rats
#17
Weiwei Wang, Weidong Shi, Hua Qian, Xijin Deng, Tong Wang, Wenzhi Li
BACKGROUND: Stress is a significant factor in the etiology of depression. Stellate ganglion block (SGB) has been shown to maintain the stability of the autonomic system and to affect the neuroendocrine system, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. The objective of this study was to determine the antidepressant-like effects of SGB on the autonomic system and the HPA axis, apoptosis-related proteins, related spatial learning and memory impairment, and sensorimotor dysfunction...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852669/decreasing-incidence-of-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-with-a-seasonal-pattern-at-an-academic-medical-center-2006-2014
#18
Ethan Morgan, Robert S Daum, Michael Z David
Background.  The incidence of skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) in the United States increased sharply after 2000 with the emergence of USA300 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. We examined trends in SSTI incidence in 2006-2014 at the University of Chicago Medicine (UCM). Methods.  Data were obtained for patient encounters at UCM with an International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision-coded SSTI diagnosis between January 1, 2006 and March 31, 2014. Incidence density was calculated per 1000 encounters by quarter and year...
October 2016: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810562/anti-depressant-like-effects-of-jieyu-chufan-capsules-in-a-mouse-model-of-unpredictable-chronic-mild-stress
#19
Hui Zhao, Bingyu Liang, Linjie Yu, Yun Xu
Jieyu chufan (JYCF) is a well-known Chinese traditional medicine used for depression; however, the molecular mechanism underlying its anti-depressant action has remained elusive. In the present study, the anti-depressant effects of JYCF and the potential mechanisms were investigated in a mouse model. Five groups of 12 C57BL/6 mice each were used in the study, including a normal control group (NC group), a model control group (MC group) and three groups, which received different doses of JYCF (1.25, 2.5 and 5 g/kg) orally for 21 days (JYCF groups)...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809147/flavobacterium-flaviflagrans-sp-nov-a-bacterium-of-the-family-flavobacteriaceae-isolated-from-forest-soil
#20
Ram Hari Dahal, Dhiraj Kumar Chaudhary, Jaisoo Kim
Two strains of bacteria designated CB-3T and CB-31 were isolated from Kyonggi University forest soil. Cells were aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, oxidase-positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped and yellow-pigmented. They were able to grow at 15-42 °C, pH 5.5-9.5 and with 0-1.5 % (w/v) NaCl concentration. Flexirubin-type pigments were absent. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strains CB-3T and CB-31 formed a lineage within the family Flavobacteriaceae of the phylum Bacteroidetes that was distinct from various species of the genus Flavobacterium, including Flavobacterium humicola UCM-46T (99...
August 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
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