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non-communicable diseases

Emmi Reijula, Arja Halkoaho, Anna-Maija Pietilä, Tuomas Selander, Kirsti Martikainen, Reetta Kälviäinen, Tapani Keränen
PURPOSE: Study design, personal persuasions, and experiences can influence willingness to participate in clinical trials (CTs). A study assessed differences between Parkinson's disease (PD) or epilepsy patients having participated in CTs and non-participants in knowledge of and attitudes toward CTs. Also considered were factors in willingness to take part and how CT participants experienced the informed consent process. METHOD: Random samples of members of Finland's PD (n = 2000) and epilepsy (n = 1875) patient organisations were posted a questionnaire on their views about CTs...
June 9, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Edgar Jesús Zitle-García, Alma Lucila Sauceda-Valenzuela, Iván de Jesús Ascencio-Montiel, Jesús García-Paredes
Background: Cancer represents an important issue in health, with the economic impact that it takes. The aim of this paper is to analyze the epidemiological characteristics of a population with social security who was diagnosed with some type of cancer and required a disability pension. Methods: Observational study, retrolective cohort type, carried out at the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) with IMSS beneficiaries ruled with a state of disability due to malignancy during the period 2006 to 2012...
March 2018: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
R El Arab, M Sagbakken
Background: This review aims to explore the healthcare needs and access to healthcare services among Syrian refugees in Jordan. Furthermore, it identifies possible ways of responding to such needs within the framework of the structural challenges faced in this particular context. Methods: Through qualitative techniques, this study systematically reviewed nine articles identified in academic and international organizations' databases. Six articles are from scholarly sources, while three are published reports or commentary articles; thus, there are variations in methodological rigour...
June 13, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Gregory L Fricchione
The greatest challenge facing medicine today involves the so-called non-communicable diseases (NCDs). This is true regardless of whether one's location is considered high-income, middle-income, or low-income. Basic research at all "OMICs" system levels will be significant in uncovering causal links that create NCD vulnerabilities in mind, brain, body, and society. Therefore, meeting this 21st century challenge by improving NCD management and prevention around the world will rely on advancement in this type of basic research...
June 15, 2018: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Andrea Schueck, Michael von Wolff, Norman Bitterlich, Petra Stute
Chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are the major reason for death and morbidity worldwide. As many NCDs are initially asymptomatic, online risk calculators with easy and inexpensive access have been developed and validated in order to facilitate early NCD detection and prevention. The aim of this study was to assess the awareness, use and applicability of NCD risk calculators among physicians in private practice in the canton of Bern, Switzerland. This was a cross-sectional cohort study of general practitioners and specialists in general internal medicine and gynaecologists...
July 2018: Maturitas
L Terragni, E Beune, K Stronks, E Davidson, S Qureshi, B Kumar, E Diaz
OBJECTIVES: South Asian migrant populations have a high risk of non-communicable diseases, such as type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of this study is to provide in-depth insight into key success factors and challenges in developing culturally adapted lifestyle interventions to prevent T2D within South Asian migrant populations. STUDY DESIGN: The study has a qualitative research design. METHODS: In-depth interviews, using a semi-structured interview guide, were conducted with eight researchers and project leaders from five studies of culturally adapted lifestyle interventions for South Asian migrant populations...
June 11, 2018: Public Health
Soledad Carinelli, Cristina Xufré, Mercè Martí, María Isabel Pividori
Interferon-γ is a proinflammatory cytokine, and its production is related with effective host defense against intracellular pathogens. Therefore, the level of interferon-γ is considered a good biomarker for intracellular infections. It is also useful for the assessment, treatment progression and follow-up of non-communicable diseases, including cancer and autoimmune disorders, among others. This work addresses the development of a novel interferon-γ release assay (IGRA) to evaluate the expression of interferon-γ transcripts as biomarker produced by isolated T cells, as a main advantage...
May 22, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Philip Teg-Nefaah Tabong, Vitalis Bawontuo, Doris Ningwiebe Dumah, Joseph Maaminu Kyilleh, Tolgou Yempabe
BACKGROUND: One of the non-communicable diseases which is on the rise is type 2 diabetes (T2D). T2D is largely preventable with healthy lifestyle. We therefore conducted this study to explore premorbid perception of risk, behavioural practices and the coping strategies of patients with T2D. METHODS: Using descriptive phenomenology approach to qualitative enquiry, we conducted eight focus group discussions (N = 73) with diabetic patients; four among males (N = 36) and four among females (N = 37)...
2018: PloS One
Mina Riahi, Ali Akbar Mohammadi, Hosein Rohani, Mohammad Bidkhori
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of human development index (HDI) on tobacco smoking prevalence in men and women of countries which their data about tobacco smoking were available for 2015. Pearson's correlation coefficient and linear regression were used to investigate the association between HDI and all types of smoking, particularly cigarette. Daily smoking and current smoking were used as tobacco smoking indices. The information about prevalence of tobacco smoking and HDI was obtained from the World Health Organization (WHO) website and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), respectively...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Nucharapon Liangruenrom, Kanyapat Suttikasem, Melinda Craike, Jason A Bennie, Stuart J H Biddle, Zeljko Pedisic
BACKGROUND: The number of deaths per year attributed to non-communicable diseases is increasing in low- and middle-income countries, including Thailand. To facilitate the development of evidence-based public health programs and policies in Thailand, research on physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) is needed. The aims of this scoping review were to: (i) map all available evidence on PA and SB in Thailand; (ii) identify research gaps; and (iii) suggest directions for future research...
June 14, 2018: BMC Public Health
Frank H Bloomfield
As increasing numbers of babies born preterm survive into adulthood, it is becoming clear that, in addition to the well-described risks of neurodevelopmental sequelae, there also are increased risks for non-communicable diseases, including diabetes. Epidemiological studies indicate that risks are increased even for birth at late preterm and early term gestations and for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Thus, factors related to preterm birth likely affect development of the fetal and neonatal beta-cell in addition to effects on peripheral insulin sensitivity...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Endocrinology
Mathew Pretty, Moshe Hod, Tahir Mahmood
Hyperglycaemia in Pregnancy (HIP) is a global issue as it increases risks for both the mother and child. There remains considerable disparity in clinical practice and national policies for HIP screening. FIGO, EBCOG and EAPM have joined forces to address this disparity in clinical care and reduce the burden of inter-generational Non-Communicable disease.
June 2, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Joana M Barros, Jim Duggan, Dietrich Rebholz-Schuhmann
BACKGROUND: In recent years, Twitter has been applied to monitor diseases through its facility to monitor users' comments and concerns in real-time. The analysis of tweets for disease mentions should reflect not only user specific concerns but also disease outbreaks. This requires the use of standard terminological resources and can be focused on selected geographic locations. In our study, we differentiate between hospital and airport locations to better distinguish disease outbreaks from background mentions of disease concerns...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
F Ruffinatti, L Tapella, I Gregnanin, A Stevano, G Chiorino, P L Canonico, C Distasi, A A Genazzani, D Lim
BACKGROUND: It is well known that alterations in astrocytes occur in Alzheimer's Disease and reactive astrogliosis is one of the hallmarks of the disease. Recently, data has emerged that suggests that alterations in astrocytes may also occur early in the pathogenesis of the disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of present work was to characterize the transcriptional alterations occurring in cultured astrocytes from 3xTg-AD mouse pups compared to control non-transgenic mice...
June 12, 2018: Current Alzheimer Research
S M J Mortazavi
Recent studies show that short-term exposure to ambient particulate matter is associated with more emergency department visits and hospitalizations for pneumonia as well as increased mortality and increased health care costs among older adults. Moreover, exposure to ambient particulate matter is shown to be connected with an increased rate of daily mortality and hospitalizations due to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). The association between short-term exposures to particulate matter with a diameter less than 2...
June 12, 2018: Reviews on Environmental Health
Alexis Lion, Anne Vuillemin, Jane S Thornton, Daniel Theisen, Saverio Stranges, Malcolm Ward
The health benefits of physical activity (PA) are acknowledged and promoted by the scientific community, especially within primary care. However, there is little evidence that such promotion is provided in any consistent or comprehensive format. Brief interventions (i.e. discussion, negotiation or encouragement) and exercise referral schemes (i.e. patients being formally referred to a PA professional) are the two dominant approaches within primary care. These cost-effective interventions can generate positive changes in health outcomes and PA levels in inactive patients who are at increased risk for non-communicable diseases...
June 8, 2018: Health Promotion International
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: A key component of achieving universal health coverage is ensuring that all populations have access to quality health care. Examining where gains have occurred or progress has faltered across and within countries is crucial to guiding decisions and strategies for future improvement. We used the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 (GBD 2016) to assess personal health-care access and quality with the Healthcare Access and Quality (HAQ) Index for 195 countries and territories, as well as subnational locations in seven countries, from 1990 to 2016...
June 2, 2018: Lancet
Iain A Brownlee, Ece Durukan, Gabriel Masset, Sinead Hopkins, E-Siong Tee
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a diverse region that is experiencing economic growth and increased non-communicable disease burden. This paper aims to evaluate the current regulations, dietary recommendations and research related to whole grains in this region. To do this, a systematic literature review was carried out and information was collected on regulations and dietary recommendations from each member state. The majority of publications on whole grains from the region (99 of 147) were in the area of food science and technology, with few observational studies ( n = 13) and human intervention studies ( n = 10) related to whole grains being apparent...
June 11, 2018: Nutrients
Albert Goldbeter
The goal of this review article is to assess how relevant is the concept of dissipative structure for understanding the dynamical bases of non-equilibrium self-organization in biological systems, and to see where it has been applied in the five decades since it was initially proposed by Ilya Prigogine. Dissipative structures can be classified into four types, which will be considered, in turn, and illustrated by biological examples: (i) multistability, in the form of bistability and tristability, which involve the coexistence of two or three stable steady states, or in the form of birhythmicity, which involves the coexistence between two stable rhythms; (ii) temporal dissipative structures in the form of sustained oscillations, illustrated by biological rhythms; (iii) spatial dissipative structures, known as Turing patterns; and (iv) spatio-temporal structures in the form of propagating waves...
July 28, 2018: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
Tina B Hansen, Jes S Lindholt, Rikke Søgaard
BACKGROUND: Non-attendance for vascular screening potentially restricts the overall benefit of screening at population level, but may be the result of rational judgment on the part of invitees who might not consider their risk to be relevant. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of current use of preventive medication and personal risk attitude as potential factors explaining non-attendance at triple vascular screening. METHODS: This was a case control study across 25,078 men offered screening and intervention for abdominal aortic aneurysm, peripheral artery disease, and hypertension in the Viborg Vascular (VIVA) screening trial...
June 8, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
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