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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245188/the-unmet-needs-of-aboriginal-australians-with-musculoskeletal-pain-a-mixed-method-systematic-review
#1
Ivan B Lin, Samantha Bunzli, Donna B Mak, Charmaine Green, Roger Goucke, Juli Coffin, Peter B O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: Musculoskeletal pain (MSP) conditions are the biggest cause of disability and internationally, Indigenous peoples experience a higher burden. There are conflicting reports about Aboriginal Australians and MSP. We conducted a systematic review to describe the prevalence, associated factors, impacts, care access, health care experiences, and factors associated with MSP among Aboriginal Australians. METHODS: A systematic search of quantitative and qualitative scientific and grey literature (PROSPERO number: CRD42016038342)...
December 15, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243549/how-primary-care-reforms-influenced-health-indicators-in-manisa-district-in-turkey-lessons-for-general-practitioners
#2
Celalettin Cevik, Kaan Sozmen, Bulent Kilic
BACKGROUND: Turkish health reforms began in 2003 and brought some significant changes in primary care services. Few studies in Turkey compare the shift from health centres (HC) to family physicians (FP) approach, which was initiated by reforms. OBJECTIVES: This study compares health status indicators during the HC period before reforms (2003-2007) and the FP period after reforms (2008-2012) in Turkey. METHODS: This study encompasses time series data consisting of the results of a 10-year assessment (2003-2012) in Manisa district...
December 15, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242751/prevalence-of-non-communicable-disease-risk-factors-in-three-sites-across-papua-new-guinea-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Patricia Rarau, Gwendalyn Vengiau, Hebe Gouda, Suparat Phuanukoonon, Isi H Kevau, Chris Bullen, Robert Scragg, Ian Riley, Geoffrey Marks, Masahiro Umezaki, Ayako Morita, Brian Oldenburg, Barbara McPake, Justin Pulford
Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a culturally, environmentally and ethnically diverse country of 7.3 million people experiencing rapid economic development and social change. Such development is typically associated with an increase in non-communicable disease (NCD) risk factors. Aim: To establish the prevalence of NCD risk factors in three different regions across PNG in order to guide appropriate prevention and control measures. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was undertaken with randomly selected adults (15-65 years), stratified by age and sex recruited from the general population of integrated Health and Demographic Surveillance Sites in West Hiri (periurban), Asaro (rural highland) and Karkar Island (rural island), PNG...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241573/gaps-and-opportunities-for-nutrition-research-in-relation-to-non-communicable-diseases-in-arab-countries-call-for-an-informed-research-agenda
#4
REVIEW
Farah Naja, Hibeh Shatila, Lokman Meho, Mohamad Alameddine, Sally Haber, Lara Nasreddine, Abla Mehio Sibai, Nahla Hwalla
Effective public health nutrition interventions are needed to curb the escalating prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in many Arab countries. In order to generate the scientific evidence needed for the success of these interventions, an informed research agenda should be developed. The purpose of this review is to identify gaps and opportunities for research on nutrition and NCDs among Arab countries, which is an important step towards the formulation of this research agenda. Published papers that addressed nutrition and NCDs in Arab countries between the years 2006 and 2015 were reviewed (n=824)...
November 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241474/optimising-design-and-cost-effective-implementation-of-future-pan-african-dietary-studies-a-review-of-existing-economic-integration-and-nutritional-indicators-for-scenario-based-profiling-and-clustering-of-countries
#5
Elom K Aglago, Edwige Landais, Francis Zotor, Genevieve Nicolas, Marc J Gunter, Paul Amuna, Nadia Slimani
Most of the African countries are undergoing a complex nutrition and epidemiologic transition associated with a rapid increase in the prevalence of diverse non-communicable diseases. Despite this alarming situation, the still limited and fragmented resources available in Africa impede the implementation of effective action plans to tackle the current and projected diet-disease burden. In order to address these common needs and challenges, the African Union is increasingly supporting continental approaches and strategies as reflected in the launching of the Agenda 2063 and the African regional nutrition strategy 2015-2025, among others...
December 15, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238170/adherence-to-treatment-and-evaluation-of-disease-and-therapy-knowledge-in-lebanese-hypertensive-patients
#6
Hanine Abbas, Mazen Kurdi, Myriam Watfa, Rita Karam
Background: Adherence to treatment, healthy lifestyle, physical activities, smoking, diet, and salt intake are important factors to control for an effective decrease in blood pressure (BP) values for patients diagnosed with essential hypertension (HT). The aim of this work was to study the adherence to antihypertensive treatment and factors predicting this behavior in Lebanese patients. In addition, we evaluated the extent of patient's knowledge and perceptions about HT, risk factors, and medication side effects...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237686/toward-genetics-driven-early-intervention-in-dilated-cardiomyopathy-design-and-implementation-of-the-dcm-precision-medicine-study
#7
REVIEW
Daniel D Kinnamon, Ana Morales, Deborah J Bowen, Wylie Burke, Ray E Hershberger
BACKGROUND: The cause of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is unknown by definition, but its familial subtype is considered to have a genetic component. We hypothesize that most idiopathic DCM, whether familial or nonfamilial, has a genetic basis, in which case a genetics-driven approach to identifying at-risk family members for clinical screening and early intervention could reduce morbidity and mortality. METHODS: On the basis of this hypothesis, we have launched the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute- and National Human Genome Research Institute-funded DCM Precision Medicine Study, which aims to enroll 1300 individuals (600 non-Hispanic African ancestry, 600 non-Hispanic European ancestry, and 100 Hispanic) who meet rigorous clinical criteria for idiopathic DCM along with 2600 of their relatives...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237059/utility-and-justice-in-public-health
#8
Kathryn MacKay
Background: Many public health practitioners and organizations view themselves as engaged in the promotion or achievement of equity. However, discussions around public health frequently assume that practitioners and policy-makers take a utilitarian approach to this work. Methods: I argue that public health is better understood as a social justice endeavor. I begin by presenting the utility view of public health and then discuss the equity view. This is a theoretical argument, which should help public health to justify interventions for communicable and non-communicable diseases equally, and which contributes to breaking down the 'old/new' public health divide...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236783/nutrition-label-experience-obesity-high-blood-pressure-and-high-blood-lipids-in-a-cohort-of-42-750-thai-adults
#9
Wimalin Rimpeekool, Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Martyn Kirk, Cathy Banwell, Sam-Ang Seubsman, Adrian Sleigh
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition labels have been promoted for nearly two decades in Thailand to educate people about healthy eating and to combat nutrient-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs). But little is known about how nutrition labels are experienced and whether they are linked with better health. Our objective was to investigate the associations between nutrition label experience, obesity and nutrient-related NCDs in Thai consumers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken with a nationwide cohort of 42,750 distance learning Thai adult students enrolled in an Open University in 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236741/social-determinants-of-adult-mortality-from-non-communicable-diseases-in-northern-ethiopia-2009-2015-evidence-from-health-and-demographic-surveillance-site
#10
Semaw Ferede Abera, Alemseged Aregay Gebru, Hans Konrad Biesalski, Gebisa Ejeta, Andreas Wienke, Veronika Scherbaum, Eva Johanna Kantelhardt
INTRODUCTION: In developing countries, mortality and disability from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is rising considerably. The effect of social determinants of NCDs-attributed mortality, from the context of developing countries, is poorly understood. This study examines the burden and socio-economic determinants of adult mortality attributed to NCDs in eastern Tigray, Ethiopia. METHODS: We followed 45,982 adults implementing a community based dynamic cohort design recording mortality events from September 2009 to April 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234849/urbanization-in-sub-saharan-africa-declining-rates-of-chronic-and-recurrent-infection-and-their-possible-role-in-the-origins-of-non-communicable-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Stephen W Bickler, Andrew Wang, Said Amin, Jonathan Halbach, Radhames Lizardo, David M Cauvi, Antonio De Maio
BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), such as atherosclerosis and cancers, are a leading cause of death worldwide. An important, yet poorly explained epidemiological feature of NCDs is their low incidence in under developed areas of low-income countries and rising rates in urban areas. METHODS: With the goal of better understanding how urbanization increases the incidence of NCDs, we provide an overview of the urbanization process in sub-Saharan Africa, discuss gene expression differences between rural and urban populations, and review the current NCD determinant model...
December 12, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233466/physiotherapists-use-a-small-number-of-behaviour-change-techniques-when-promoting-physical-activity-a-systematic-review-comparing-experimental-and-observational-studies
#12
REVIEW
Breanne E Kunstler, Jill L Cook, Nicole Freene, Caroline F Finch, Joanne L Kemp, Paul D O'Halloran, James E Gaida
OBJECTIVES: Physiotherapists promote physical activity as part of their practice. This study reviewed the behaviour change techniques physiotherapists use when promoting physical activity in experimental and observational studies. DESIGN: Systematic review of experimental and observational studies. METHODS: Twelve databases were searched using terms related to physiotherapy and physical activity. We included experimental studies evaluating the efficacy of physiotherapist-led physical activity interventions delivered to adults in clinic-based private practice and outpatient settings to individuals with, or at risk of, non-communicable diseases...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233114/exploring-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-non-communicable-diseases-among-village-health-teams-in-eastern-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Temitope Tabitha Ojo, Nicola L Hawley, Mayur M Desai, Ann R Akiteng, David Guwatudde, Jeremy I Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Community health workers are essential personnel in resource-limited settings. In Uganda, they are organized into Village Health Teams (VHTs) and are focused on infectious diseases and maternal-child health; however, their skills could potentially be utilized in national efforts to reduce the growing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). We sought to assess the knowledge of, and attitudes toward NCDs and NCD care among VHTs in Uganda as a step toward identifying their potential role in community NCD prevention and management...
December 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232703/knowledge-and-awareness-of-and-perception-towards-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#14
Daniel Boateng, Frederick Wekesah, Joyce L Browne, Charles Agyemang, Peter Agyei-Baffour, Ama de-Graft Aikins, Henriette A Smit, Diederick E Grobbee, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the most common cause of non-communicable disease mortality in sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. Gaps in knowledge of CVD conditions and their risk factors are important barriers in effective prevention and treatment. Yet, evidence on the awareness and knowledge level of CVD and associated risk factors among populations of SSA is scarce. This review aimed to synthesize available evidence of the level of knowledge of and perceptions towards CVDs and risk factors in the SSA region...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231837/the-primary-health-care-system-in-china
#15
REVIEW
Xi Li, Jiapeng Lu, Shuang Hu, K K Cheng, Jan De Maeseneer, Qingyue Meng, Elias Mossialos, Dong Roman Xu, Winnie Yip, Hongzhao Zhang, Harlan M Krumholz, Lixin Jiang, Shengshou Hu
China has made remarkable progress in strengthening its primary health-care system. Nevertheless, the system still faces challenges in structural characteristics, incentives and policies, and quality of care, all of which diminish its preparedness to care for a fifth of the world's population, which is ageing and which has a growing prevalence of chronic non-communicable disease. These challenges include inadequate education and qualifications of its workforce, ageing and turnover of village doctors, fragmented health information technology systems, a paucity of digital data on everyday clinical practice, financial subsidies and incentives that do not encourage cost savings and good performance, insurance policies that hamper the efficiency of care delivery, an insufficient quality measurement and improvement system, and poor performance in the control of risk factors (such as hypertension and diabetes)...
December 9, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230403/farmer-and-veterinarian-attitudes-towards-the-bovine-tuberculosis-eradication-programme-in-spain-what-is-going-on-in-the-field
#16
Giovanna Ciaravino, Patricia Ibarra, Ester Casal, Sergi Lopez, Josep Espluga, Jordi Casal, Sebastian Napp, Alberto Allepuz
The effectiveness of health interventions against bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is influenced by several "non-biological" factors that may hamper bTB detection and control. Although the engagement of stakeholders is a key factor for the eradication programme's success, social factors have been often ignored in the control programmes of animal diseases, especially in developed countries. In this study, we used a qualitative approach to investigate perceptions, opinions, attitudes, and beliefs of farmers, and veterinarians who may influence the effectiveness of the Spanish bTB eradication programme...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230005/prevalence-treatment-patterns-and-risk-factors-of-hypertension-and-pre-hypertension-among-bangladeshi-adults
#17
Mujibur Rahman, M Mostafa Zaman, Jessica Yasmine Islam, Jalil Chowdhury, Ham Nazmul Ahsan, Ridwanur Rahman, Mahtabuddin Hassan, Zakir Hossain, Billal Alam, Rubina Yasmin
In Bangladesh, morbidity and mortality due to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) has increased over the last few decades. Hypertension is an important risk factor for NCDs, specifically cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study was to assess prevalence and risk factors for hypertension and pre-hypertension among adults in Bangladesh. Data for this analysis were collected during the national NCD Risk Factor Survey of Bangladesh conducted in 2010 from a representative sample of men and women, aged 25 years or above...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229199/microbiota-and-aging-a-review-and-commentary
#18
REVIEW
Carmen García-Peña, Teresa Álvarez-Cisneros, Ricardo Quiroz-Baez, Robert P Friedland
Although there is a consensus that the dominant species that make up the adult microbiota remains unchanged in elderly people, it has been reported that there are significant alterations in the proportion and composition of the different taxa, leading to reduced microbiota diversity, as well as an increase of enteropathogens that may lead to chronic inflammation. The ageing of mucosal immune and motor systems also contributes to these changes. As the individual ages, there is a loss in the number of Peyer's patches, an altered local capacity of T and B cell functions as well as chronic macrophage activation...
December 8, 2017: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228998/capturing-health-and-eating-status-through-a-nutritional-perception-screening-questionnaire-npsq9-in-a-randomised-internet-based-personalised-nutrition-intervention-the-food4me-study
#19
Rodrigo San-Cristobal, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Carlos Celis-Morales, Katherine M Livingstone, Barbara Stewart-Knox, Audrey Rankin, Anna L Macready, Rosalind Fallaize, Clare B O'Donovan, Hannah Forster, Clara Woolhead, Marianne C Walsh, Christina P Lambrinou, George Moschonis, Yannis Manios, Miroslaw Jarosz, Hannelore Daniel, Eileen R Gibney, Lorraine Brennan, Thomas E Gundersen, Christian A Drevon, Mike Gibney, Cyril F M Marsaux, Wim H M Saris, Julie A Lovegrove, Lynn J Frewer, John C Mathers, J Alfredo Martinez
BACKGROUND: National guidelines emphasize healthy eating to promote wellbeing and prevention of non-communicable diseases. The perceived healthiness of food is determined by many factors affecting food intake. A positive perception of healthy eating has been shown to be associated with greater diet quality. Internet-based methodologies allow contact with large populations. Our present study aims to design and evaluate a short nutritional perception questionnaire, to be used as a screening tool for assessing nutritional status, and to predict an optimal level of personalisation in nutritional advice delivered via the Internet...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228946/a-school-based-intervention-improved-dietary-intake-outcomes-and-reduced-waist-circumference-in-adolescents-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Angélica Ochoa-Avilés, Roosmarijn Verstraeten, Lieven Huybregts, Susana Andrade, John Van Camp, Silvana Donoso, Patricia Liliana Ramírez, Carl Lachat, Lea Maes, Patrick Kolsteren
BACKGROUND: In Ecuador, adolescents' food intake does not comply with guidelines for a healthy diet. Together with abdominal obesity adolescent's inadequate diets are risk factors for non-communicable diseases. We report the effectiveness of a school-based intervention on the dietary intake and waist circumference among Ecuadorian adolescents. METHODS: A pair-matched cluster randomized controlled trial including 1430 adolescents (12-14 years old) was conducted...
December 11, 2017: Nutrition Journal
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