keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Incidence of infertility

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908214/pregnancy-and-tumor-outcomes-in-infertile-women-with-macroprolactinoma-on-cabergoline-therapy
#1
Ashu Rastogi, Sanjay K Bhadada, Anil Bhansali
Hyperprolactinemia and prolactinomas cause infertility in significant number of women. But, pregnancy may lead to post-partum remission of hyperprolactinemia. The data on pregnancy and tumor outcome in women with macroprolactinoma conceiving on Cabergoline (CAB) therapy is increasing but still less than with Bromocriptine. We studied the incidence of fetal malformations, hyperprolactinemia and tumor course after gestation in infertile women harboring macroprolactinoma, who conceived on CAB therapy during the year 2005-2015...
December 2, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882095/effect-of-acupoint-catgut-embedding-therapy-combined-with-chinese-medicine-for-nourishing-the-kidneys-and-promoting-blood-circulation-and-improving-blood-glucose-and-lipid-levels-as-well-as-the-pregnancy-rate-in-obese-pcos-patients-with-infertility
#2
Wenmin Qin, Kai Zhao, Haiyan Yang
In this study, we explored the effect of acupoint catgut embedding combined with Chinese medicine for nourishing kidney and promoting blood circulation as well as improving the glucose and lipid levels and pregnancy rate in obese polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients with infertility. A total of 62 obese patients with PCOS were randomly divided into three groups, 21 of whom were treated with acupoint catgut embedding combined with Chinese medicine, another 21 with catgut embedding therapy, and 20 only with Chinese medicine...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865446/the-use-of-utrogestan-during-controlled-ovarian-hyperstimulation-in-normally-ovulating-women-undergoing-in%C3%A2-vitro-fertilization-or-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-treatments-in-combination-with-a-freeze-all-strategy-a-randomized-controlled-dose-finding-study
#3
Xiuxian Zhu, Hongjuan Ye, Yonglun Fu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical characteristics in a Utrogestan and hMG protocol with the use of different doses of Utrogestan in normally ovulating women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatments. DESIGN: Prospective controlled study. SETTING: Tertiary-care academic medical center. PATIENT(S): A total of 150 infertile patients undergoing IVF/ICSI treatments. INTERVENTION(S): Utrogestan and hMG were administered simultaneously beginning on cycle day 3...
November 16, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864361/causes-of-male-infertility-a-9-year-prospective-monocentre-study-on-1737-patients-with-reduced-total-sperm-counts
#4
M Punab, O Poolamets, P Paju, V Vihljajev, K Pomm, R Ladva, P Korrovits, M Laan
STUDY QUESTION: What are the primary causes of severe male factor infertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: Although 40% of all patients showed primary causes of infertility, which could be subdivided into three groups based on the severity of their effect, ~75% of oligozoospermia cases remained idiopathic. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: There are few large-scale epidemiological studies analyzing the causes of male factor infertility. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: A prospective clinical-epidemiological study was conducted at the Andrology Centre, Tartu University Hospital between 2005 and 2013, recruiting male partners of couples failing to conceive a child for over ≥12 months...
November 17, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816925/a-short-course-of-metformin-does-not-reduce-ohss-in-a-gnrh-antagonist-cycle-for-women-with-pcos-undergoing-ivf-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#5
S L Jacob, C Brewer, T Tang, H M Picton, J H Barth, A H Balen
STUDY QUESTION: Does 'metformin' reduce the incidence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) for women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) undergoing a GnRH antagonist assisted conception treatment cycle? SUMMARY ANSWER: A short course of metformin does not reduce the incidence of OHSS for women with PCOS undergoing a GnRH antagonist treatment cycle. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Metformin does reduce the incidence of OHSS in a GnRH-agonist treatment cycle...
November 5, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816923/cryopreservation-of-ovarian-tissue-for-fertility-preservation-in-a-large-cohort-of-young-girls-focus-on-pubertal-development
#6
A K Jensen, C Rechnitzer, K T Macklon, M R S Ifversen, N Birkebæk, N Clausen, K Sørensen, J Fedder, E Ernst, C Yding Andersen
STUDY QUESTION: Is there an association between the need for medical puberty induction and the diagnosis or treatment received in girls who have undergone cryopreservation of ovarian tissue for fertility preservation? SUMMARY ANSWER: There was a clear association between the intensity of treatment received and requirement for medical puberty induction but no association with the diagnosis. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Although it cannot be predicted which girls will become infertile or develop premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) following intensive chemotherapy or irradiation, patients who are at high risk of POI should be offered ovarian tissue cryopreservation (OTC)...
November 5, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806819/secondary-infertility-due-to-retained-fetal-bones-diagnosed-via-saline-sonography
#7
Rubina Izhar, Samia Husain, Suhaima Tahir, Sonia Husain
Prolonged intrauterine retention of any fetal bones can lead to secondary infertility. The exact incidence remains unclear. This case report describes a 36-year woman with secondary infertility of eight years. Workup revealed echogenic foci partially embedded in endometrium on saline sonography. After ultrasound guided dilation and curettage, fetal bones were retrieved. Unexplained infertility can often be explained if before applying this label, uterine factor is also taken into account. When common causes like tubal blockage, male factor, and ovulatory dysfunction have been excluded, infrequent causes like polyps, adhesions, and in rare instances foreign bodies also should be looked for...
October 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803580/insight-into-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-subclinical-genital-tuberculosis-in-women-with-infertility
#8
REVIEW
Nalini Mahajan, Padmaja Naidu, Simran Deep Kaur
Genital tuberculosis (GTB) is an important cause of infertility in India. Lack of an accurate diagnostic test has led to an indiscriminate use of antitubercular treatment in infertile women. Apart from concerns of drug toxicity, this may be a contributing factor in the increasing incidence of multidrug-resistant TB reported in India. We conducted a study to analyze whether a combination of tests could help improve diagnostic accuracy. An algorithm for the management of GTB in infertile women based on the use of multiple tests is presented...
July 2016: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792863/association-of-vitamin-d-status-with-semen-quality-and-reproductive-hormones-in-iranian-subfertile-men
#9
Sh Abbasihormozi, A Kouhkan, A R Alizadeh, A Shahverdi, M H Nasr-Esfahani, M A Sadighi Gilani, R Salman Yazdi, A Matinibehzad, Z Zolfaghari
Although vitamin D deficiency is one of the most common health problems throughout the world, including Iran, conflicting information exists on the potential association between serum vitamin D levels and semen quality. This study intended to evaluate the association between serum vitamin D [25(OH) D3] with semen quality and hormones in Iranian subfertile men. We also compared mean vitamin D and hormone levels in normospermic men with oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (OAT) men. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 278 men who were referred to Royan Infertility Clinic (Tehran, Iran) from March to September 2014...
October 28, 2016: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790523/the-effect-of-anti-thyroid-peroxidase-antibodies-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-euthyroid-women
#10
Monika Meena, Seema Chopra, Vanita Jain, Neelam Aggarwal
INTRODUCTION: Thyroid autoimmunity can have an adverse impact on the outcome of the pregnancy. Although the adverse effects of antithyroid antibodies have been well studied in hypothyroid women, their effects in euthyroid women are not well evaluated. AIM: The study was conducted to assess the overall prevalence of anti-Thyroid Peroxidase (anti-TPO) antibodies in pregnant women and the effect of anti-TPO positivity on the outcome of pregnancy in euthyroid women...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766963/associations-of-recurrent-miscarriages-with-chromosomal-abnormalities-thrombophilia-allelic-polymorphisms-and-or-consanguinity-in-saudi-arabia
#11
Rola F Turki, Mourad Assidi, Huda A Banni, Hanan A Zahed, Sajjad Karim, Hans-Juergen Schulten, Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Abdulrahim A Rouzi, Osama Bajouh, Hassan S Jamal, Mohammed H Al-Qahtani, Adel M Abuzenadah
BACKGROUND: Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) or recurrent spontaneous abortion is an obstetric complication that affects couples at reproductive age. Previous reports documented a clear relationship between parents with chromosomal abnormalities and both recurrent miscarriages and infertility. However, limited data is available from the Arabian Peninsula which is known by higher rates of consanguineous marriages. The main goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of chromosomal abnormalities and thrombophilic polymorphisms, and to correlate them with RPL and consanguinity in Saudi Arabia...
October 10, 2016: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760569/abdominal-ectopic-pregnancy-after-in-vitro-fertilization-and-single-embryo-transfer-a-case-report-and-systematic-review
#12
Nicole Yoder, Reshef Tal, J Ryan Martin
BACKGROUND: Ectopic pregnancy is the leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality during the first trimester and the incidence increases dramatically with assisted-reproductive technology (ART), occurring in approximately 1.5-2.1 % of patients undergoing in-vitro fertilization (IVF). Abdominal ectopic pregnancy is a rare yet clinically significant form of ectopic pregnancy due to potentially high maternal morbidity. While risk factors for ectopic pregnancy after IVF have been studied, very little is known about risk factors specific for abdominal ectopic pregnancy...
October 19, 2016: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752290/reversal-of-direct-oral-anticoagulants-in-hemophilia-treatment-ash-meeting-2015
#13
Clemens Feistritzer, Stefan Schmidt
During the 57(th) annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology 2015 in Orlando, Florida, various aspects in the field of hemostaseology were presented. The Choosing Wisely® campaign pointed out the importance of the critical use of diagnostic tools to rule out pulmonary embolism and questioned the relevance of thrombophilia testing in women undergoing routine infertility evaluation. Furthermore, the approval of idarucizumab, a specific antidote for the reversal of the anticoagulant effects of the direct thrombin inhibitor dabigatran, was highlighted...
2016: Memo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742423/reproductive-history-of-women-with-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy
#14
Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Shira Dunsiger, Heather H Swales, Gerard P Aurigemma, Ira Ockene, Lindsey Rosman, Ilan S Wittstein
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) occurs predominantly in postmenopausal women, suggesting a possible role of reproductive and hormonal factors in the pathophysiology of this condition. Yet reproductive characteristics of women with TC have received limited attention. This prospective case-control study sought to explore reproductive characteristics associated with TC. Incident TC cases and myocardial infarction (MI) controls were recruited among consecutive women presenting at the emergency departments of 2 large medical centers in Massachusetts and Connecticut...
September 15, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722929/pesticides-an-update-of-human-exposure-and-toxicity
#15
Sara Mostafalou, Mohammad Abdollahi
Pesticides are a family of compounds which have brought many benefits to mankind in the agricultural, industrial, and health areas, but their toxicities in both humans and animals have always been a concern. Regardless of acute poisonings which are common for some classes of pesticides like organophosphoruses, the association of chronic and sub-lethal exposure to pesticides with a prevalence of some persistent diseases is going to be a phenomenon to which global attention has been attracted. In this review, incidence of various malignant, neurodegenerative, respiratory, reproductive, developmental, and metabolic diseases in relation to different routes of human exposure to pesticides such as occupational, environmental, residential, parental, maternal, and paternal has been systematically criticized in different categories of pesticide toxicities like carcinogenicity, neurotoxicity, pulmonotoxicity, reproductive toxicity, developmental toxicity, and metabolic toxicity...
October 8, 2016: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680324/association-of-hormonal-contraception-with-depression
#16
Charlotte Wessel Skovlund, Lina Steinrud Mørch, Lars Vedel Kessing, Øjvind Lidegaard
Importance: Millions of women worldwide use hormonal contraception. Despite the clinical evidence of an influence of hormonal contraception on some women's mood, associations between the use of hormonal contraception and mood disturbances remain inadequately addressed. Objective: To investigate whether the use of hormonal contraception is positively associated with subsequent use of antidepressants and a diagnosis of depression at a psychiatric hospital. Design, Setting, and Participants: This nationwide prospective cohort study combined data from the National Prescription Register and the Psychiatric Central Research Register in Denmark...
September 28, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678469/the-application-of-laparoscopic-doppler-ultrasound-during-laparoscopic-varicocelectomy-in-infertile-men
#17
Li-Qiang Guo, Xiu-Lin Zhang, Yu-Qiang Liu, Wen-Dong Sun, Sheng-Tian Zhao, Ming-Zhen Yuan
The aim of this study is to evaluate the benefits of laparoscopic Doppler ultrasound (LDU) application during laparoscopic varicocelectomy (LV), and to compare the surgical outcomes and complications between LDU-assisted LV (LDU-LV) and conventional LV for infertile patients with varicoceles; 147 infertile patients were randomly divided into two groups. Operative and postoperative parameters, semen parameters, and the pregnancy rate were compared. There were no differences in baseline demographics. The operative time was significantly longer in LDU-LV group than LV group...
September 27, 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678278/pelvic-inflammatory-disease-and-salpingitis-incidence-of-primary-and-repeat-episodes-in-england
#18
M J Price, A E Ades, N J Welton, I Simms, P J Horner
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and more specifically salpingitis (visually confirmed inflammation) is the primary cause of tubal factor infertility and is an important risk factor for ectopic pregnancy. The risk of these outcomes increases following repeated episodes of PID. We developed a homogenous discrete-time Markov model for the distribution of PID history in the UK. We used a Bayesian framework to fully propagate parameter uncertainty into the model outputs. We estimated the model parameters from routine data, prospective studies, and other sources...
January 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664955/pregnancy-outcome-in-women-with-endometriosis-achieving-pregnancy-with-ivf
#19
Laura Benaglia, Giorgio Candotti, Enrico Papaleo, Luca Pagliardini, Marta Leonardi, Marco Reschini, Lavinia Quaranta, Maria Munaretto, Paola Viganò, Massimo Candiani, Paolo Vercellini, Edgardo Somigliana
STUDY QUESTION: Are women with endometriosis who conceive with IVF at increased risk of preterm birth? SUMMARY ANSWER: Women with endometriosis who conceive with IVF do not face an increased risk of preterm birth. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The eutopic endometrium of women with endometriosis has been repeatedly shown to present molecular and cellular alterations. On this basis, it has been hypothesized that pregnancy outcome may be altered in affected women...
December 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659917/sexual-dysfunction-in-klinefelter-s-syndrome-patients
#20
H El Bardisi, A Majzoub, S Al Said, H Alnawasra, Z Dabbous, M Arafa
Klinefelter's syndrome (KS) is the most common chromosomal abnormality in men with infertility and hypogonadism. Although its influence on fertility has been extensively investigated, very few studies assessed the sexual function of patients with KS. Our aim was to assess the prevalence of sexual dysfunction in patients with KS and investigate possible aetiological factors for reported findings. Medical records of 53 patients with KS were retrospectively reviewed and compared to 75 age-matched control subjects who were prospectively recruited...
September 23, 2016: Andrologia
keyword
keyword
36972
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"