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Incidence of infertility

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086915/comparative-study-in-infertile-couples-with-and-without-chlamydia-trachomatis-genital-infection
#1
Yuanchang Zhu, Biao Yin, Tonghua Wu, Lijun Ye, Chunmei Chen, Yong Zeng, Yaou Zhang
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia, caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis(C. trachomatis), is the most common sexually transmitted disease. The incidence is not clear due to the asymptomatic nature of early stage of infections. The incidence of Chlamydia has not been fully investigated in the Chinese Han population. Since chronic infection with can C. trachomatis can lead to infertility in males and females, it is important to determine the impact of infection on clinical outcomes. The aim of this study is to explore the epidemiology of C...
January 13, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086838/clinical-characteristics-of-genital-chlamydia-infection-in-pelvic-inflammatory-disease
#2
Sung Taek Park, Suk Woo Lee, Min Jeong Kim, Young Mo Kang, Hye Min Moon, Chae Chun Rhim
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia infection in acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is associated with serious complications including ectopic pregnancy, tubal infertility, Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome and tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA). This study compared clinical and laboratory data between PID with and without chlamydia infection. METHODS: The medical records of 497 women who were admitted with PID between 2002 and 2011 were reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups (PID with and without chlamydia infection), which were compared in terms of the patients' characteristics, clinical presentation, and laboratory findings, including inflammatory markers...
January 13, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074124/involvement-of-blood-mononuclear-cells-in-the-infertility-age-associated-diseases-and-cancer-treatment
#3
REVIEW
Antonin Bukovsky
Blood mononuclear cells consist of T cells and monocyte derived cells. Beside immunity, the blood mononuclear cells belong to the complex tissue control system (TCS), where they exhibit morphostatic function by stimulating proliferation of tissue stem cells followed by cellular differentiation, that is stopped after attaining the proper functional stage, which differs among various tissue types. Therefore, the term immune and morphostatic system (IMS) should be implied. The TCS-mediated morphostasis also consists of vascular pericytes controlled by autonomic innervation, which is regulating the quantity of distinct tissues in vivo...
December 26, 2016: World Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065408/a-prospective-evaluation-of-luteal-phase-length-and-natural-fertility
#4
Natalie M Crawford, David A Pritchard, Amy H Herring, Anne Z Steiner
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a short luteal phase on fecundity. DESIGN: Prospective time-to-pregnancy cohort study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Women trying to conceive, ages 30-44 years, without known infertility. INTERVENTION(S): Daily diaries, ovulation prediction testing, standardized pregnancy testing. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Subsequent cycle fecundity...
January 5, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017976/acute-abdomen-in-the-17th-week-of-twin-pregnancy-due-to-ovarian-torsion-a-late-complication-of-ivf
#5
D Habek, R Bauman, L Rukavina Kralj, T Hafner, T Turudic, S Vujisic
Background: A 32-year-old woman with tubal factor infertility due to bilateral laparoscopic salpingectomy conceived twins with in vitro fertilization (IVF). She developed moderate ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome which was treated with anticoagulant therapy. The subsequent course of the twin pregnancy was normal until the 17th week of gestation when she presented to hospital because of a sharp pain in the right lower abdomen which ceased after admission. Case: Except for a single incident of vomiting, patient had no other subjective symptoms...
December 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005934/obstetrical-complications-in-women-with-endometriosis-a-cohort-study-in-japan
#6
Takashi Harada, Fuminori Taniguchi, Kazunari Onishi, Youichi Kurozawa, Kunihiko Hayashi, Tasuku Harada
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis, which occurs in approximately 10% of women of reproductive age, is defined as the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus. Women with endometriosis are more likely to have difficulty conceiving and tend to receive infertility treatment, including assisted reproductive technology (ART) therapy. There has not yet been a prospective cohort study examining the effects of endometriosis on pregnancy outcome in pregnant Japanese women. METHODOLOGY: This was a prospective cohort study of the incidence of obstetrical complications in women with endometriosis using data of the Japan Environment & Children's Study (JECS)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004192/the-association-between-interleukin-10-il-10-592c-a-819t-c-1082g-a-promoter-polymorphisms-and-endometriosis
#7
Andrei Mihai Malutan, Cristina Drugan, Katharina Walch, Tudor Drugan, Razvan Ciortea, Dan Mihu
PURPOSE: Endometriosis has an incidence reaching up to 50% in infertile women. Cytokine-mediated immune responses seem to play an important role in endometriosis pathogenesis, but still the etiology and pathophysiology remain unclear. In the current study we tried to investigate whether there is a relationship between IL-10 genetic polymorphism, serum levels of IL-10 and the presence of advanced endometriosis. METHODS: The presence of IL-10 592C/A, 819T/C, 1082G/A promoter polymorphisms and IL-10 serum levels were investigated in advanced endometriosis patients compared to healthy controls...
December 21, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994261/use-of-cardiopulmonary-bypass-for-management-of-massive-air-embolism-during-hysteroscopic-metroplasty
#8
Ahmad Ali Amirghofran, Narjes Nick, Mina Amiri, Rahim Hemmati
The patient was a 32-year-old woman who presented with infertility secondary to uterine didelphys. Hysteroscopic metroplasty was chosen as the corrective surgical procedure for this anatomical defect. During the surgical repair, the patient developed a massive air embolism (MAE) leading to hypotension, arrhythmia, and cardiogenic shock. Resuscitation was started by placing the patient in the right-side up position, and emplacement of central venous catheter, but it was unsuccessful. The decision was then made to bypass the patient's cardiopulmonary system to effectively treat the MAE...
December 2016: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979551/re-increased-risk-of-incident-chronic-medical-conditions-in-infertile-men-analysis-of-united-states-claims-data
#9
Craig Niederberger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965523/a-prospective-multicenter-registry-of-patients-undergoing-hysteroscopic-morcellation-of-uterine-polyps-and-myomas
#10
Michael D Scheiber, Serena H Chen
Background: Hysteroscopic morcellation removes uterine pathology under direct visualization with continuous real-time tissue fragment removal. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of hysteroscopic morcellation across a diverse set of facilities, including both surgical and office-based settings. Design: This was a prospective, single-arm, multicenter registry development (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). Materials and Methods: Thirty-four U.S. obstetrics and gynecology facilities enrolled subjects into the registry...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Gynecologic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960568/altered-expression-of-hormone-receptor-integrin-%C3%AE-3-and-pinopode-in-the-endometrium-of-luteal-phase-defect-women
#11
Shuangge Liu, Teng Hua, Xiaoyan Xin, Rui Shi, Shuqi Chi, Hongbo Wang
OBJECTIVE: To invistigate estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), integrin β3, and pinopode expression in luteal phase deficiency (LPD) women. METHODS: There were 52 nulligravidas consecutive infertile patients undergoing a routine assistant reproduction consultation included in this study. An endometrial biopsy sample was randomly obtained between days 4 and 10 of the luteal phase. Endometrial morphology was examined with scanning electron microscopy...
December 14, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935918/study-of-infertile-couples-attending-a-teaching-hospital-in-eastern-nepal
#12
S Subedi, S Lamichhane, M Chhetry
INTRODUCTION: Infertility is a global health issue and a socially destabilizing condition for couples with several stigmas including medical, social, psychological burdens and a marital disharmony. The aim was to study the incidence of infertility in couples attending outdoor of Nobel Medical College and to know the contributing factors among the infertile couples. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was carried out in the outpatient department of a teaching hospital July 2015-June 2016, where the incidence of infertility and the contributing factors for the same were evaluated...
July 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933646/antisperm-antibodies-in-repeat-breeding-cows-frequency-detection-and-validation-of-threshold-levels-employing-sperm-immobilization-sperm-agglutination-and-immunoperoxidase-assay
#13
S K Srivastava, S Shinde, S K Singh, S Mehrotra, M R Verma, A K Singh, S Nandi, N Srivastava, S K Singh, T K Goswami, S K Bhure, H Kumar, S K Ghosh
Antisperm antibodies have been found in repeat-breeding(RB) cows, and those causing agglutination and/or immobilization of sperm are considered to be closely related to unexplained infertility. However, a standard protocol for identifying antisperm antibodies (ASA) in cattle is not validated. Therefore, an investigation was undertaken to evaluate sperm immobilization (SIT), sperm agglutination (SAT) and immunoperoxidase (IPT)assays for detection of ASA in serum and their respective threshold levels for confirmation...
December 8, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933295/sperm-chromatin-dispersion-test-before-sperm-preparation-is-predictive-of-clinical-pregnancy-in-cases-of-unexplained-infertility-treated-with-intrauterine-insemination-and-induction-with-clomiphene-citrate
#14
Frank W R C Vandekerckhove, Ilse De Croo, Jan Gerris, Etienne Vanden Abbeel, Petra De Sutter
BACKGROUND/AIMS: A large proportion of men with normal sperm results as analyzed using conventional techniques have fragmented DNA in their spermatozoa. We performed a prospective study to examine the incidence of DNA fragmentation in sperm in cases of couples with previously unexplained infertility and treated with intrauterine insemination. We evaluated whether there was any predictive value of DNA fragmentation for pregnancy outcome in such couples. METHODS: The percentage of DNA fragmentation and all classical variables to evaluate sperm before and after sperm treatment were determined...
2016: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927044/dehydroepiandrosterone-dhea-supplementation-and-ivf-outcome-in-poor-responders
#15
Olga Triantafyllidou, George Sigalos, Nikos Vlahos
Ovarian stimulation of poor ovarian responders still remains a challenging issue. The incidence of poor responders among infertile women is reported in 9-24% IVF cycles and is associated with very low clinical pregnancy rates. Different treatments have been reported in the literature in an attempt to identify the best stimulation protocol for those patients. Administration of dehydroepiandrosterone acetate (DHEA) was suggested as a promising treatment. It is well known that androgens can influence ovarian follicular growth, augment steroidogenesis, promote follicular recruitment and increase the number of primary and pre-antral follicles...
December 7, 2016: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915384/male-infertility-following-inguinal-hernia-repair-a-systematic-review-and-pooled-analysis
#16
REVIEW
A Kordzadeh, M O Liu, N V Jayanthi
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this systematic review is to establish the clinical impact of open (mesh and/or without mesh) and laparoscopic hernia repair (transabdominal pre-peritoneal (TAP) and/or totally extra-peritoneal (TEP)) on male fertility. The incidence of male infertility following various types of inguinal hernia repair is currently unknown. The lack of high-quality evidence has led to various speculations, suggestions and reliance on anecdotal experience in the clinical practice...
December 3, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908214/pregnancy-and-tumor-outcomes-in-infertile-women-with-macroprolactinoma-on-cabergoline-therapy
#17
Ashu Rastogi, Sanjay K Bhadada, Anil Bhansali
Hyperprolactinemia and prolactinomas cause infertility in significant number of women. But, pregnancy may lead to post-partum remission of hyperprolactinemia. The data on pregnancy and tumor outcome in women with macroprolactinoma conceiving on Cabergoline (CAB) therapy is increasing but still less than with Bromocriptine. We studied the incidence of fetal malformations, hyperprolactinemia and tumor course after gestation in infertile women harboring macroprolactinoma, who conceived on CAB therapy during the year 2005-2015...
December 2, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882095/effect-of-acupoint-catgut-embedding-therapy-combined-with-chinese-medicine-for-nourishing-the-kidneys-and-promoting-blood-circulation-and-improving-blood-glucose-and-lipid-levels-as-well-as-the-pregnancy-rate-in-obese-pcos-patients-with-infertility
#18
Wenmin Qin, Kai Zhao, Haiyan Yang
In this study, we explored the effect of acupoint catgut embedding combined with Chinese medicine for nourishing kidney and promoting blood circulation as well as improving the glucose and lipid levels and pregnancy rate in obese polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients with infertility. A total of 62 obese patients with PCOS were randomly divided into three groups, 21 of whom were treated with acupoint catgut embedding combined with Chinese medicine, another 21 with catgut embedding therapy, and 20 only with Chinese medicine...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865446/the-use-of-utrogestan-during-controlled-ovarian-hyperstimulation-in-normally-ovulating-women-undergoing-in%C3%A2-vitro-fertilization-or-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-treatments-in-combination-with-a-freeze-all-strategy-a-randomized-controlled-dose-finding-study
#19
Xiuxian Zhu, Hongjuan Ye, Yonglun Fu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical characteristics in a Utrogestan and hMG protocol with the use of different doses of Utrogestan in normally ovulating women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatments. DESIGN: Prospective controlled study. SETTING: Tertiary-care academic medical center. PATIENT(S): A total of 150 infertile patients undergoing IVF/ICSI treatments. INTERVENTION(S): Utrogestan and hMG were administered simultaneously beginning on cycle day 3...
November 16, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864361/causes-of-male-infertility-a-9-year-prospective-monocentre-study-on-1737-patients-with-reduced-total-sperm-counts
#20
M Punab, O Poolamets, P Paju, V Vihljajev, K Pomm, R Ladva, P Korrovits, M Laan
STUDY QUESTION: What are the primary causes of severe male factor infertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: Although 40% of all patients showed primary causes of infertility, which could be subdivided into three groups based on the severity of their effect, ~75% of oligozoospermia cases remained idiopathic. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: There are few large-scale epidemiological studies analyzing the causes of male factor infertility. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: A prospective clinical-epidemiological study was conducted at the Andrology Centre, Tartu University Hospital between 2005 and 2013, recruiting male partners of couples failing to conceive a child for over ≥12 months...
January 2017: Human Reproduction
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