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Diarrohea

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26489717/predominance-of-clostridium-difficile-ribotypes-012-027-and-046-in-a-university-hospital-in-chile-2012
#1
Á Plaza-Garrido, J Barra-Carrasco, J H Macias, R Carman, W N Fawley, M H Wilcox, C Hernández-Rocha, A M Guzmán-Durán, M Alvarez-Lobos, D Paredes-Sabja
In a 1-year survey at a university hospital we found that 20·6% (81/392) of patients with antibiotic associated diarrohea where positive for C. difficile. The most common PCR ribotypes were 012 (14·8%), 027 (12·3%), 046 (12·3%) and 014/020 (9·9). The incidence rate was 2·6 cases of C. difficile infection for every 1000 outpatients.
April 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24600149/outbreak-investigation-salmonella-food-poisoning
#2
R Kunwar, Harpreet Singh, Vipra Mangla, R Hiremath
BACKGROUND: An outbreak of food poisoning was reported from a Military establishment on 29 May 2011 when 43 cases of food poisoning reported sick in a span of few hours. METHODS: A retrospective-prospective study was conducted. Data regarding the onset of symptoms, presenting features and history of food items consumed was collected. A detailed inspection of the mess for hygiene and sanitary status, cooking and storage procedure, and rodent nuisance was also carried out...
October 2013: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21686127/emergence-of-novel-norovirus-recombinants-with-nvgii-1-nvgii-5-rdrp-gene-and-nvgii-13-capsid-gene-among-children-and-adults-in-kolkata-india
#3
Seegekote Mariyappa Nataraju, Madhu Sudhan Pativada, Rahul Kumar, Mihir Kumar Bhattacharya, Santi Ranjan Bagchi, Nobumichi Kobayashi, Triveni Krishnan
Norovirus (NoV) is a leading cause of non bacterial acute gastroenteritis in human beings. Molecular characterization of NoVs following continuous, stringent surveillance had earlier shown that novel strains representing an intergenogroup as well as GII NoV intergenotype recombinants were in circulation among acute watery diarrhoea cases in Kolkata, India. The present study documents characterization of two recombinant NoV strains (Hu/NoV/ IDH1501/2009/IND and Hu/NoV/IDH1873/2009/IND) along with other interesting GII NoV strains...
2011: International Journal of Molecular Epidemiology and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20848823/whipple-s-disease
#4
Manish A Chhabria, Reeta J Dalal, Devendra C Desai, Ramesh B Deshpande
A 74 year old male patient with weight loss, diarrohea, loss of appetite, anemia, thrombocytopenia and culture negative endocarditis was diagnosed to have Whipple's disease. We are reporting this case, as it is a rare disease with fewer than 1000 validated cases reported in literature.
March 2010: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16311242/using-qualitative-methodology-to-elucidate-themes-for-a-traditional-tooth-gauging-education-tool-for-use-in-a-remote-ugandan-community
#5
L M Jamieson
The gauging of unerupted deciduous canine teeth occurs in approximately one in three children in some areas of Uganda. It is believed that such teeth are 'maggots' that cause fever, diarrohea and vomiting. Traditional healers use knitting needles, bicycle spokes, scissors or broken glass to extract the teeth. Post-ebino extraction complications include septicaemia, anaemia, difficulties in feeding and pain. Some children require hospitalization. Health is further compromised when multiple ebino extractions occur at one time, increasing the risk of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome transmission...
August 2006: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15807672/comparison-of-efficacy-of-azithromycin-vs-doxycycline-in-the-treatment-of-acne-vulgaris
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
S Kus, D Yucelten, A Aytug
Acne vulgaris is a common inflammatory disorder of the skin. Oral antibiotics are known to be effective in its treatment. A randomized, investigator-blinded study was performed to compare the efficacy of azithromycin with doxycycline. Fifty-one patients were randomized to receive either azithromycin 500 mg/day on 3 consecutive days per week in the first, on 2 consecutive days per week in the second, and on 1 day per week in the third month. The other group was given doxycycline twice a day for the first month and once a day for the second and third months...
May 2005: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12705931/cyclospora-cayetanensis-a-review-of-an-emerging-parasitic-coccidian
#7
REVIEW
Joan M Shields, Betty H Olson
Cyclospora cayetanensis is a sporulating parasitic protozoan that infects the upper small intestinal tract. It has been identified as both a food and waterborne pathogen endemic in many developing countries. It is an important agent of Traveller's Diarrohea in developed countries and was responsible for numerous foodborne outbreaks in the United States and Canada in the late 1990s. Like Cryptosporidium, infection has been associated with a variety of sequelae such as Guillain-Barré syndrome, reactive arthritis syndrome (formally Reiter syndrome) and acalculous cholecystitis...
April 2003: International Journal for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/6439978/colonization-of-a-human-intestine-by-four-different-genotypes-of-lactobacillus-acidophilus
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
P G Sarra, F Dellaglio
To understand the effect on a human host suffering from intestinal disorders we supplied non fat milk cultures of Lactobacillus acidophilus for 25 days. The picture of the faeces bacterial count was completely different before and after treatment and we noticed increases in lactobacilli, bifidobacteria and coliforms while the clostridia decreased. The lactobacilli treatment solved the diarrohea problem. Of the four genetic lines of L. acidophilus supplied only D179, isolated from calf faeces, and ATCC 4356 of human origin were found able to colonize the intestine of the little girl, while 255S isolated from swine and D328 isolated from calf faeces, did not find favourable growth conditions...
October 1984: Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/4513055/postinfective-malabsorption-a-sprue-syndrome
#9
R D Montgomery, D J Beale, H G Sammons, R Schneider
Thirteen cases are described of temporary malabsorption in adults presenting after an episode of apparent infective enteritis. Clinical features included diarrohea, anorexia, and weight loss. Investigations indicated diffuse impairment of function in the small bowel, including the ileum, with well-preserved mucosal morphology in the upper jejunum and a tendency to rapid folate depletion. Spontaneous recovery usually occurred within weeks but two cases ran a more prolonged and severe course.The clinical features of this syndrome are those of tropical sprue, but the outcome of the illness is probably influenced by nutritional as well as environmental factors...
May 5, 1973: British Medical Journal (1857-1980)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1248374/-clinical-significance-of-the-14c-glycocholate-breath-test-in-the-diagnosis-of-gastro-enterological-diseases-author-s-transl
#10
W F Caspary, W V Reimold
The 14C-glycocholate breath test was performed in 15 normal subjects and 134 patients clinically suspected of bacterial overgrowth in the proximal small intestine, with functional impairment of the ileum and chologenic diarrohea as well as other forms of diarrhoea. In addition, faecal weight, faecal fat excretion and faecal bile-acid excretion were measured. Early and highest 14CO2 expiration peaks were found as an expression of increased deconjugation of bile acids in patients with fistulae between proximal small intestine and colon, and in 13 of 24 patients with Billroth II gastric resection or duodenopancreatectomy...
March 5, 1976: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/837903/a-review-of-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-fluid-and-electrolyte-disorders-in-the-horse
#11
A Waterman
Disturbances of fluid and electrolyte balance may occur in the horse as a consequence of many disease processes. Disorders may be classified into 3 main categories, primary water loss, mixed water and electrolyte depletion and acid base disturbances. This paper reviews the changes which occur with each type of disorder and discusses methods of diagnosis and assessment of such imbalances. The principles of treatment are described and the management of fluid replacement therapy in 3 of the disorders, mainly acute intestinal obstruction, inability to drink and diarrohea is discussed...
January 1977: Equine Veterinary Journal
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