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Coloproctology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335389/checklist-in-colorectal-surgery-proposal-of-experts-of-the-polish-club-of-coloproctology-and-national-consultant-in-general-surgery
#1
Tomasz Banasiewicz, Łukasz Krokowicz, Piotr Richter, Adam Dziki, Piotr Krokowicz, Zbigniew Lorenc, Marek Szczepkowski, Michał Drews, Grzegorz Wallner
A checklist is a collection of information that helps reduce the risk of failure due to limitations in human memory and attention. In surgery, the first Surgical Safety Checklist (SSC), created under the supervision of WHO (World Health Organization), was established in 2007 and covers three stages related to the patient's stay in the operating theater and operation: 1. Prior to initiation (induction) of anesthesia; 2. before cutting the skin; 3. before the patient leaves the operating room Colorectal surgery is particularly at high risk for complications and relatively high mortality...
December 30, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280109/-interpretation-of-chinese-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-constipation-surgery-2017
#2
Baohua Liu
The Chinese Society of Coloproctology (CSCP) released the updated "guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of constipation surgery" in 2017. The major amendments include the following aspects: (1) According to defecation reflex involving parts of the classification, the cause of constipation is divided into three parts, including colorectal factors, internal and external colorectal factors. The new division is more rational, easy to make clear the location and the possible pathogenesis. (2) Constipation is divided into slow transit constipation, outlet obstructive constipation and mixed constipation...
December 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279977/a-model-predicting-operative-mortality-in-the-uk-has-only-limited-value-in-denmark
#3
Thea Helene Degett, Ole Roikjær, Lene Hjerrild Iversen, Ismail Gögenur
PURPOSE: Postoperative mortality from colorectal cancer varies between surgical departments. Several models have been developed to predict the operative risk. This study aims to investigate whether the original and the revised Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland (ACPGBI) model can predict 30-day mortality after colorectal cancer surgery in Denmark. METHODS: Data were collected from the Danish Colorectal Cancer Group database which has > 95% completeness...
December 26, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258919/evaluation-of-economic-burden-of-colonic-surgical-site-infection-ssi-at-a-japanese-hospital
#4
Minoru Ohno, Yosuke Shimada, Masaya Satoh, Yutaka Kojima, Kazuhiro Sakamoto, Satoshi Hori
BACKGROUND: Several reports have been published regarding cost increases attributable to surgical site infections (SSIs) in Europe and the United States. However, such studies have been limited in Japan. AIM: To evaluate the economic burden of colorectal surgical site infections on hospitals in Japan. METHODS: This study was carried out at Japanese university hospital. Amongst 265 patients who had undergone colorectal surgeries in the Department of Coloproctological Surgery between November 2014 and March 2016, 16 patients who developed SSIs and could be allocated a Diagnosis Procedure Combination (DPC) code were selected as SSI cases...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246589/results-of-the-national-survey-on-the-treatment-of-chronic-anal-fissure-in-spanish-hospitals
#5
M Del Mar Aguilar, Pedro Moya, M José Alcaide, Alba Fernández, M Amparo Gómez, Jair Santos, Rafael Calpena, Antonio Arroyo
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of chronic anal fissure (FAC) differs depending on the professional. To come to a consensus, the current situation in Spain should be studied. The aim of this study is to evaluate the current situation of the management of FAC in Spanish hospitals. METHODS: Descriptive study, with data from a survey of surgeons of the Spanish Association of Coloproctology. Data was collected according to the doctor's autonomous community, type of hospital and professional category; FAC management data and 3 clinical cases...
December 12, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192431/-clinical-application-evaluation-of-guidelines-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-common-diseases-of-coloproctology-in-traditional-chinese-medicine
#6
Xue-Yao Zhao, Meng-Yu Liu, Xue-Jie Han, Li-Ying Wang, Ya Yuwen, Nan-Nan Shi, Yue-Xi Wang, Yu-Qi Liu
To provide reference for revising the Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Diseases of Coloproctology in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) through clinical research. 9 TCM hospitals worldwide have conducted a survey and questionnaires for 7 CPGs have been received. 263 cases clinical doctors accepted the applicability survey of guidelines. 89.35% is more familiar to the guidelines and 36.12% have been used the guidelines. In syndrome differentiation and treatment related contents, diagnostic point, treatment and syndrome differentiation are higher, accounted for 96...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166553/botulinum-toxin-injection-versus-topical-nitrates-for-chronic-anal-fissure-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#7
REVIEW
Shaheel M Sahebally, Babak Meshkat, Stewart R Walsh, David Beddy
BACKGROUND: Chronic anal fissures (CAF) are frequently encountered in coloproctology clinics. Chemical sphincterotomy with pharmacological agents is recommended as first-line therapy. Topical nitrates (TN) heal CAF effectively but recurrences are common. An alternative treatment modality is injection of botulinum toxin (BT) into the anal sphincter. We aimed to perform an updated systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the effectiveness of BT and TN in the management of CAF. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane databases were searched for relevant articles from inception until March 2017...
November 22, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136328/organ-preservation-in-rectal-cancer-a-synopsis-of-current-guidelines
#8
W A A Borstlap, S E van Oostendorp, C E L Klaver, D Hahnloser, C Cunningham, E Rullier, W A Bemelman, J B Tuynman, P J Tanis
BACKGROUND: The high morbidity associated with radical resection for rectal cancer is an incentive for surgeons to adopt strategies aimed at organ preservation, particularly for early disease. There are a number of different approaches to achieve this. In this study we have collated current national and international guidelines to produce a synopsis to support this changing practice. METHODS: The databases PubMed, Embase, Trip database, national guideline clearinghouse, BMJ Best practice were interrogated...
November 14, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975694/a-european-survey-of-bowel-preparation-in-colorectal-surgery
#9
L A Devane, D Proud, P R O'Connell, Y Panis
AIM: Meta-analysis has shown that mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) does not improve outcomes in colonic surgery; however, there is uncertainty regarding MBP use in laparoscopic and rectal surgery and the addition of oral antibiotic regimens. The aim of this study was to assess current use of bowel preparation among European surgeons. METHOD: An online survey was circulated to members of the European Society of Coloproctology. Chi-squared analysis was used to compare subgroups...
November 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960925/surgery-for-constipation-systematic-review-and-clinical-guidance-paper-1-introduction-methods
#10
REVIEW
C H Knowles, U Grossi, E J Horrocks, D Pares, P F Vollebregt, M Chapman, S R Brown, M Mercer-Jones, A B Williams, R J Hooper, N Stevens, J Mason
AIM: This manuscript provides the introduction and detailed methodology used in subsequent reviews to assess the outcomes of surgical interventions with the primary intent of treating chronic constipation in adults and to develop recommendations for practice. METHOD: PRISMA guidance was adhered to throughout. A literature search was performed in public databases between January 1960 and February 2016. Studies that fulfilled strictly-defined PICOS (patients, interventions, controls, outcome, and study design) criteria were included...
September 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960922/surgery-for-constipation-systematic-review-and-practice-recommendations-graded-practice-and-future-research-recommendations
#11
REVIEW
C H Knowles, U Grossi, E J Horrocks, D Pares, P F Vollebregt, M Chapman, S Brown, M Mercer-Jones, A B Williams, Y Yiannakou, R J Hooper, N Stevens, J Mason
AIM: This manuscript forms the final of seven that address the surgical management of chronic constipation (CC) in adults. The content coalesces results from the five systematic reviews that precede it and of the European Consensus process to derive graded practice recommendations (GPR). METHODS: Summary of review data, development of GPR and future research recommendations as outlined in detail in the 'introduction and methods' paper. RESULTS: The overall quality of data in the five reviews was poor with 113/156(72...
September 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944623/abstracts-of-the-association-of-coloproctology-of-great-britain-and-ireland-annual-meeting-3-5-july-2017-bournemouth-uk
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926174/position-statement-by-the-pelvic-floor-society-on-behalf-of-the-association-of-coloproctology-of-great-britain-and-ireland-on-the-use-of-mesh-in-ventral-mesh-rectopexy-vmr
#13
M A Mercer-Jones, S R Brown, C H Knowles, A B Williams
The following position statement forms part of a response to the current concerns regarding use of mesh to perform rectal prolapse surgery. It highlights the actions being pursued by The Pelvic Floor Society (TPFS) regarding clinical governance in relation to ventral mesh rectopexy (VMR). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
September 19, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925541/abstracts-of-the-12th-scientific-and-annual-meeting-of-the-european-society-of-coloproctology-20-22-september-2017-citycube-berlin-germany
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921903/risk-factors-for-postoperative-ileus-after-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#15
E G Rybakov, Y A Shelygin, E A Khomyakov, I V Zarodniuk
AIM: To assess the rate and independent risk factors of postoperative ileus (POI) after colorectal cancer surgery. METHODS: Three hundred consecutive patients underwent colorectal surgery for cancer at the State Scientific Centre of coloproctology, Moscow, Russia, between November 2015 and August 2016. POI was diagnosed as an absence of intestinal function for 72 hours or more after operation and confirmed by plain radiography. Uni- and multivariate logistic regression of the tumour-, patient- and treatment-related factors was performed...
September 16, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913968/risk-factors-for-unfavourable-postoperative-outcome-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-undergoing-right-hemicolectomy-or-ileocaecal-resection-an-international-audit-by-escp-and-s-ecco
#16
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Patient and disease-related factors, as well as operation technique all have the potential to impact on postoperative outcome in Crohn's disease. The available evidence is based on small series and often displays conflicting results. AIM: To investigate the effect of pre- and intra-operative risk factors on 30-day postoperative outcome in patients undergoing surgery for Crohn's disease. METHOD: International prospective snapshot audit including consecutive patients undergoing right hemicolectomy or ileocaecal resection...
September 15, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881004/-colorectalsurgery
#17
R R W Brady, S J Chapman, S Atallah, M Chand, J Mayol, A M Lacy, S D Wexner
BACKGROUND: The use of social media platforms among healthcare professionals is increasing. A Twitter social media campaign promoting the hashtag #colorectalsurgery was launched with the aim of providing a specialty-specific forum to collate discussions and science relevant to an engaged, global community of coloproctologists. This article reviews initial experiences of the early adoption, engagement and utilization of this pilot initiative. METHODS: The hashtag #colorectalsurgery was promoted via the online microblogging service Twitter across a 180-day interval...
October 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761641/attitudes-of-surgeons-to-the-use-of-postoperative-markers-of-the-systemic-inflammatory-response-following-elective-surgery
#18
Ross D Dolan, Stephen T McSorley, Donald C McMillan, Paul G Horgan
BACKGROUND: Cancer is responsible for 7.6 million deaths worldwide and surgery is the primary modality of a curative outcome. Postoperative care is of considerable importance and it is against this backdrop that a questionnaire based study assessing the attitudes of surgeons to monitoring postoperative systemic inflammation was carried out. METHOD: A Web based survey including 10 questions on the "attitudes of surgeons to the use of postoperative markers of the systemic inflammatory response following elective surgery" was distributed via email...
September 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745710/-autoplasmotherapy-in-coloproctology
#19
N N Krylov, L V Lyatifova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682454/developing-a-national-colorectal-educational-agenda-a-survey-of-the-acpgbi
#20
N K Francis, N J Curtis, C Weegenaar, P A Boorman, A Brook, G Thorpe, K Keogh, J Grainger, J Davies, J Wheeler, S R Brown, R J Steele, P Dawson
AIM: In order to develop its education agenda, the ACPGBI sought the opinion of its members on current coloproctology training needs. The aims of this study were to canvass multi-disciplinary needs and explore the perceived gaps and barriers to meeting them. METHOD: A learner needs analysis was performed between July 2015 and October 2016. A bespoke electronic survey was sent to 1,453 colorectal health care professionals (ACPGBI membership (1,173), colorectal nurse specialists and allied health professionals (NAHP) (261) and regional chapter-leads (19)) seeking their needs, experiences and barriers to training across the coloproctology disciplines...
July 6, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
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