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Esthetic dentistry

Federico Gelpi, Daniele De Santis, Simone Marconcini, Francesco Briguglio, Marco Finotti
This clinical report illustrates a multidisciplinary approach for the rehabilitation of a young adult patient affected by a bilateral edentulous space and an anterior deep bite. The patient required orthodontics and surgical corticotomy and implantology (both performed with a piezo device). A multidisciplinary planning approach, including orthodontics, oral and periodontic surgery, and restorative dentistry, has an important role in the final outcome of treatment. In fact a dental class I occlusion has been established only on the right side...
December 2015: Int J Implant Dent
Vinayak S Gowda, Dhruv Anand, Manoj Kumar Sundar, Agnelo Michael Reveredo, Shilpa Shetty
Dental implants with their increasing success rates and predictability of final outcome are fast becoming the treatment of choice for replacing missing teeth. Considering the success of immediate implant placement in reducing tissue loss and achieving good esthetic results, is making it a more popular treatment modality in implant dentistry. Understanding the management of gingival tissues in relation to implants to obtain maximum esthetics is of utmost importance. The use of provisional abutments and immediate temporization has a proven track record of their ability to produce optimal esthetics and to guide the tissue response during the healing phase...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Fernanda P Bragatto, Mariliani Chicarelli, Amanda Vb Kasuya, Wilton M Takeshita, Liogi Iwaki-Filho, Lilian Cv Iwaki
INTRODUCTION: The golden proportion has been used in dentistry in an attempt to improve facial function and, possibly, esthetics by simplifying the diagnosis of facial and dental disharmony. The aim of this study is to analyze pre- and postoperative cephalometric tracings of lateral cephalograms of patients with class II and III deformities submitted to orthognathic surgery, and verify if the 13 dental-skeletal patterns (ratios), as defined by Ricketts, moved closer to or further away from the golden proportion...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Federico Tirone, Stefano Salzano, Erik Rolando
BACKGROUND: Microdontia of the maxillary anterior teeth occurs quite frequently but is poorly documented. The literature describes several treatment choices, which are often focused on an orthodontic approach rather than a restorative one. The latest trends in restorative dentistry and the new ceramic materials, such as lithium disilicate, allow clinicians to perform esthetic rehabilitations based on microinvasive approaches that are most appropriate for younger patients. SUMMARY: Four patients, all employed in the field of dentistry, presented at our dental practice complaining of diastemata between their maxillary anterior teeth...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
Mario Imburgia, Angelo Canale, Davide Cortellini, Marco Maneschi, Claudio Martucci, Marco Valenti
The esthetic treatment of anterior teeth has always presented a challenge in clinical practice. With the improvement of dental materials, many restorative options such as composite resins, all-ceramic crowns, and ceramic veneers have become available. The current challenge in reconstructive dentistry is to obtain excellent esthetic results while preserving the biological structures involved as much as possible. Thanks to the introduction of high-strength etchable dental ceramics, clinicians and technicians have materials and procedures at their disposal that allow them to restore esthetics and function through a minimally invasive approach...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
James L Sheets, Judy Chia-Chun Yuan, Cortino Sukotjo, Alvin G Wee
The aim of this study was to determine the difference between the intended education by advanced education in prosthodontics (AEP) program directors and the perceived education received by AEP residents with respect to concepts of esthetic dentistry. Residents' confidence levels and current practices were also determined based on program level, with first- and second-year residents combined into "junior residents" and third- and fourth-year residents combined into "senior residents." Surveys were distributed to all U...
October 2016: Journal of Dental Education
Leandro Passos, Fernando Peixoto Soares, Mauricio Gallo
This case report describes a successful multidisciplinary approach used to improve the smile esthetics of a patient presenting with excessive gingival display, asymmetric gingival margins, and small upper anterior teeth and lower anterior teeth. The treatment combined esthetic crown lengthening, dental bleaching, and restorative dentistry using CAD/CAM veneer. The 6-month follow-up examination confirmed the stability of the modification and absence of adverse effects.
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
(no author information available yet)
Dentistry - art or science?
September 23, 2016: British Dental Journal
Yen-Wei Chen, Joelle Moussi, Jeanie L Drury, John C Wataha
The use of zirconia in medicine and dentistry has rapidly expanded over the past decade, driven by its advantageous physical, biological, esthetic, and corrosion properties. Zirconia orthopedic hip replacements have shown superior wear-resistance over other systems; however, risk of catastrophic fracture remains a concern. In dentistry, zirconia has been widely adopted for endosseous implants, implant abutments, and all-ceramic crowns. Because of an increasing demand for esthetically pleasing dental restorations, zirconia-based ceramic restorations have become one of the dominant restorative choices...
October 2016: Expert Review of Medical Devices
Pouya Amrollahi, Brinda Shah, Amir Seifi, Lobat Tayebi
Although human mouth benefits from remarkable mechanical properties, it is very susceptible to traumatic damages, exposure to microbial attacks, and congenital maladies. Since the human dentition plays a crucial role in mastication, phonation and esthetics, finding promising and more efficient strategies to reestablish its functionality in the event of disruption has been important. Dating back to antiquity, conventional dentistry has been offering evacuation, restoration, and replacement of the diseased dental tissue...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Howard Gluckman, Maurice Salama, Jonathan Du Toit
Buccopalatal collapse of the postextraction ridge is a significant challenge in restorative and implant dentistry. A variety of ridge preservation techniques using tissue and augmentative materials have been proposed in the literature. A slightly different approach is to use the tooth itself. Root submergence has been reported in the literature for more than 4 decades, and it has been demonstrated that the submerged tooth root retains the periodontal tissues and preserves the bone in pontic sites or below dentures to retain the ridge...
September 2016: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Constanze Olms, Holger A Jakstat, Rainer Haak
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this prospective learning research study is to examine the impact of structured elaborative feedback in practical skills teaching of visual and digital shade matching. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 preclinical dental students participated in the study. The mean average age was 23 years, of which 37 were female (61.7%) and 23 male (38.3%). The participants were randomly divided into a study and control group (n = 30 each). Recording of shade matching was carried out on the phantom patient using clinically simulated settings with elaborative feedback in the study group (T1)...
September 2016: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Hanisha Adusumilli, Jogendra Sai Sankar Avula, Pranitha Kakarla, Sujatha Bandi, George Manoj Kumar Mallela, Krishna Vallabhaneni
BACKGROUND: Children consume foods that are colorful which contain food additives that stain not only the tooth structure but also the restorations. As esthetics is of prime concern for both parents and children nowadays, long-term color stability of restorative materials is of utmost importance. AIM: To evaluate the color stability of two tooth-colored restorative materials (conventional glass ionomer cement [GIC] and giomer) when immersed in various consumable drinks and food (aerated beverage, ice candy, and health drink) at different immersion periods (low, moderate, and high)...
July 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Yasser Alfawaz
Ceramics has become increasingly popular as a dental restorative material because of its superior esthetics, as well as its inertness and biocompatibility. Among dental ceramics, zirconia is used as a dental biomaterial and it is the material of choice in contemporary restorative dentistry. Zirconia ceramics has both clinical popularity and success due to its outstanding mechanical properties and ease of machining in the green stage via computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing technology. Zirconia is one of the most promising restorative biomaterial because it has favorable mechanical and chemical properties suitable for medical application...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Milica Antonov, Lea Lenhardt, Dragica Manojlović, Bojana Milićević, Ivana Zeković, Miroslav D Dramićanin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes of color and fluorescence of resin based composite exposed to beer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 84 samples (13 mm in diameter and 1.5 mm thick) of microhybrid composite Gradia Direct(TM) extra bleach white were immersed in 5 different beers (dark and light) or distilled water. Color and fluorescence were measured prior and after 1-, 7-, and 14-day immersion by Spectrophotometer Thermo Evolution 600 and Fluorolog-3-221 spectrofluorometer...
September 2016: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Erdem Ayyildiz, Enes Tan, Hakan Keklik, Zulfikar Demirtag, Ahmet Arif Celebi, Matheus Melo Pithon
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the this study was to evaluate the perception of smile esthetics and alterations in cases of gingival plastic surgery for correction of a gummy smile, by means of alterations in smile photograph among dentistry degree students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A frontal smile photograph of a 40-year-old woman having normal occlusion was used with diverse compositions of gingival exposure level and crown length of maxillary teeth. The eight photographs were evaluated by 216 dentistry students in five class groups (1(st), 2(nd), 3(rd), 4(th) and 5(th) classes)...
July 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
Mohammed Almuhaiza
Glass-ionomer cements (GICs) are mainstream restorative materials that are bioactive and have a wide range of uses, such as lining, bonding, sealing, luting or restoring a tooth. Although the major characteristics of GICs for the wider applications in dentistry are adhesion to tooth structure, fluoride releasing capacity and tooth-colored restorations, the sensitivity to moisture, inherent opacity, long-term wear and strength are not as adequate as desired. They have undergone remarkable changes in their composition, such as the addition of metallic ions or resin components to their composition, which contributed to improve their physical properties and diversified their use as a restorative material of great clinical applicability...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
John Weston
While digital methods have a firm position in dentistry, a total digital workflow for multi-unit layered restorations has yet to be fully realized. Many clinicians are using a CAD/CAM workflow of some kind, but there is still a significant gap to be filled for completing the digital workflow. This article describes how practitioners can transition into the full digital workflow, showing the use of digital processes for anterior cosmetic cases. The pros and cons of "going fully digital" in an effort to increase efficiency while maintaining high-level quality with regards to fit and ceramics layering will be discussed...
February 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Lauren Oliveira Lima Bohner, Pedro Tortamano Neto, Ahad Shahid Ahmed, Matsuyoshi Mori, Dalva Cruz Laganá, Newton Sesma
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to update the literature with regard to the digital methods available by CEREC Chairside system to register and design the occlusion, to report their efficacy and technical innovations in the field of Restorative Dentistry. A search strategy was performed using the key-words: "virtual articulator," or "CAD-CAM and occlusal recording," or "CAD-CAM and occlusion register," or "CAD-CAM and occlusal contacts," or "CAD-CAM and prosthesis." MATERIAL AND METHODS: Inclusion criteria comprised studies evaluating the use of digital methods available by CEREC System for occlusal registration and design during prosthodontics treatment...
July 2016: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Aleksandar Bogosavljević, Vanja Misina, Jovana Jordacević, Milka Abazović, Smiljka Dukić, Ljubisa Ristić, Dragana Daković
INTRODUCTION: Restorative dental treatment of patients with a generalized form of amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) remains a challenge even today. The treatment approach is multidisciplinary and includes action of several dental disciplines such as restorative, orthodontic, and prosthetic dental specialties. CASE REPORT: A 18-year-old female patent was referred to the Department of Restorative Dentistry and Periodontology at the Military Medical Academy of Belgrade, Serbia...
March 2016: Vojnosanitetski Pregled. Military-medical and Pharmaceutical Review
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