keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

BC Children's Hospital

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747739/injury-risk-in-british-columbia-canada-1986-to-2009-are-aboriginal-children-and-youth-over-represented
#1
M Anne George, Andrew Jin, Mariana Brussoni, Christopher E Lalonde, Rod McCormick
BACKGROUND: Children and youth worldwide are at high risk of injury resulting in morbidity, disability or mortality. Disparities in risk exist between and within countries, and by sex and ethnicity. Our aim is to contribute data on disparities of injury rates for Aboriginal children and youth compared with those of the general population in British Columbia (BC), Canada, by examining risks for the two populations, utilizing provincial administrative data over a 24-year period. METHODS: Hospital discharge records from the provincial health care database for children and youth were used to identify injury for the years 1986 to 2009...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740845/time-trends-and-determinants-of-fistula-in-cleft-patients-at-bc-children-s-hospital-canada-a-retrospective-18-year-medical-chart-audit
#2
Negar Salimi, Jolanta Aleksejūnienė, Edwin Yen, Angelina Loo
OBJECTIVE:   To examine the time trends and determinants of palatal fistula in children with different types of cleft at British Columbia's Children's Hospital between 1995 and 2012. METHODS:   A total of 558 medical charts of nonsyndromic patients with cleft lip and palate were eligible for the chart review. The occurrence of primary palatal fistula was assessed at any time throughout the patient's total observation period. Three types of clefts were recorded: unilateral cleft lip and palate (ULCLP), bilateral cleft lip and palate (BLCLP), and isolated cleft palate (ICP)...
October 14, 2016: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631207/effects-of-bovine-colostrum-on-recurrent-respiratory-tract-infections-and-diarrhea-in-children
#3
Khaled Saad, Mohamed Gamil M Abo-Elela, Khaled A Abd El-Baseer, Ahmed E Ahmed, Faisal-Alkhateeb Ahmad, Mostafa S K Tawfeek, Amira A El-Houfey, Mohamed Diab AboulKhair, Ahmad M Abdel-Salam, Amir Abo-Elgheit, Heba Qubaisy, Ahmed M Ali, Eman Abdel-Mawgoud
BACKGROUND: Bovine colostrum (BC) has direct antimicrobial and endotoxin-neutralizing effects throughout the alimentary tract, as well as other bioactivities that suppress gut inflammation and promote mucosal integrity and tissue repair under various conditions related to tissue injury. The precise role of BC in respiratory and gastrointestinal (GI) infections in children is not well defined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of BC administration in preventing recurrent upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) and diarrhea in children...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525395/-investigation-of-mycobacterium-bovis-subsp-bovis-among-the-strains-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-complex-isolated-in-d%C3%A3-zce-province-turkey
#4
Cihadiye Elif Öztürk, İdris Şahin, Şükrü Öksüz, Nida Kılıç, Özge Kılınçel, Leyla Aydın, Dursun Atik, Emine Afşin
Throughout the history of mankind, tuberculosis (TB) has caused serious illness and still continues to do so. Archaeobiological studies indicated that TB in humans dates back to 4000-8000 BC, and cases were shown to be due to Mycobacterium bovis subsp.bovis rather than Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Moreover, this situation was thought to begin with domestication of animals, consumption of their milk, and living together in the same environment with them. Over time, with the consumption of boiled milk and with the establishment of separate animal shelters, M...
July 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477929/quality-of-life-in-breast-cancer-sufferers
#5
Ahmed Essmat Shouman, Nahla Fawzy Abou El Ezz, Nivine Gado, Amal Mahmoud Ibrahim Goda
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to measure health-related quality of life (QOL) among patients with early stage cancer breast under curative treatment at department of oncology and nuclear medicine at Ain Shams University Hospitals. Identify factors affecting QOL among these patients. Design/methodology/approach - A cross-sectional study measured QOL among early stage female breast cancer (BC) patients and determined the main factors affecting their QOL. Three interviewer administered questionnaires were used...
August 8, 2016: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339060/a-clustering-approach-to-identify-severe-bronchiolitis-profiles-in-children
#6
Orianne Dumas, Jonathan M Mansbach, Tuomas Jartti, Kohei Hasegawa, Ashley F Sullivan, Pedro A Piedra, Carlos A Camargo
OBJECTIVE: Although bronchiolitis is generally considered a single disease, recent studies suggest heterogeneity. We aimed to identify severe bronchiolitis profiles using a clustering approach. METHODS: We analysed data from two prospective, multicentre cohorts of children younger than 2 years hospitalised with bronchiolitis, one in the USA (2007-2010 winter seasons, n=2207) and one in Finland (2008-2010 winter seasons, n=408). Severe bronchiolitis profiles were determined by latent class analysis, classifying children based on clinical factors and viral aetiology...
August 2016: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27276562/exome-sequencing-and-the-management-of-neurometabolic-disorders
#7
Maja Tarailo-Graovac, Casper Shyr, Colin J Ross, Gabriella A Horvath, Ramona Salvarinova, Xin C Ye, Lin-Hua Zhang, Amit P Bhavsar, Jessica J Y Lee, Britt I Drögemöller, Mena Abdelsayed, Majid Alfadhel, Linlea Armstrong, Matthias R Baumgartner, Patricie Burda, Mary B Connolly, Jessie Cameron, Michelle Demos, Tammie Dewan, Janis Dionne, A Mark Evans, Jan M Friedman, Ian Garber, Suzanne Lewis, Jiqiang Ling, Rupasri Mandal, Andre Mattman, Margaret McKinnon, Aspasia Michoulas, Daniel Metzger, Oluseye A Ogunbayo, Bojana Rakic, Jacob Rozmus, Peter Ruben, Bryan Sayson, Saikat Santra, Kirk R Schultz, Kathryn Selby, Paul Shekel, Sandra Sirrs, Cristina Skrypnyk, Andrea Superti-Furga, Stuart E Turvey, Margot I Van Allen, David Wishart, Jiang Wu, John Wu, Dimitrios Zafeiriou, Leo Kluijtmans, Ron A Wevers, Patrice Eydoux, Anna M Lehman, Hilary Vallance, Sylvia Stockler-Ipsiroglu, Graham Sinclair, Wyeth W Wasserman, Clara D van Karnebeek
BACKGROUND: Whole-exome sequencing has transformed gene discovery and diagnosis in rare diseases. Translation into disease-modifying treatments is challenging, particularly for intellectual developmental disorder. However, the exception is inborn errors of metabolism, since many of these disorders are responsive to therapy that targets pathophysiological features at the molecular or cellular level. METHODS: To uncover the genetic basis of potentially treatable inborn errors of metabolism, we combined deep clinical phenotyping (the comprehensive characterization of the discrete components of a patient's clinical and biochemical phenotype) with whole-exome sequencing analysis through a semiautomated bioinformatics pipeline in consecutively enrolled patients with intellectual developmental disorder and unexplained metabolic phenotypes...
June 9, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27203781/respiratory-hospital-admissions-in-young-children-living-near-metal-smelters-pulp-mills-and-oil-refineries-in-two-canadian-provinces
#8
Allan Brand, Kathleen E McLean, Sarah B Henderson, Michel Fournier, Ling Liu, Tom Kosatsky, Audrey Smargiassi
BACKGROUND: Industrial plants emit air pollutants like fine particles (PM2.5), sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) that may affect the health of individuals living nearby. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of community exposure to air emissions of PM2.5, SO2, and NO2 from pulp mills, oil refineries, metal smelters, on respiratory hospital admissions in young children in Quebec (QC) and British Columbia (BC), Canada. METHODS: We assessed QC, BC and pooled associations between the following estimates of exposure and hospital admissions for asthma and bronchiolitis in children aged 2-4years for the years 2002-2010: i) Crude emission exposures at the residential postal codes of children, calculated by multiplying estimated daily emissions of PM2...
September 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27030278/paediatric-infectious-keratitis-at-tertiary-referral-centres-in-vancouver-canada
#9
Gelareh S Noureddin, Sachiko Sasaki, Andrea L Butler, Peter Tilley, Diane Roscoe, Christopher J Lyons, Simon P Holland, Sonia N Yeung
OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical and microbiological profiles of paediatric patients with infectious keratitis in Vancouver, Canada. DESIGN: In this observational case series, the microbiology results and medical records of 17 eyes with microbial keratitis in 16 children aged 17 years or younger were retrospectively reviewed. These patients had undergone corneal scraping between May 2006 and April 2011 at BC Children's Hospital or Vancouver General Hospital Eye Care Centre in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada...
March 30, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26972813/inter-observer-and-intra-observer-reliability-in-the-radiographic-diagnosis-of-avascular-necrosis-of-the-femoral-head-following-reconstructive-hip-surgery-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#10
Kim Hesketh, Wudbhav Sankar, Benjamin Joseph, Unni Narayanan, Kishore Mulpuri
PURPOSE: The incidence of avascular necrosis (AVN) following reconstructive hip surgery in cerebral palsy (CP) ranges from 0 to 69 % in the current literature. The purpose of this study was to determine the inter- and intra-observer reliability of radiographically diagnosing AVN in children with CP after hip surgery. METHODS: A retrospective review of 65 children with CP who had reconstructive hip surgery between 2009 and 2012 at BC Children's Hospital was completed...
April 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26968073/chloral-hydrate-sedation-for-auditory-brainstem-response-abr-testing-in-children-safety-and-effectiveness
#11
Dianne G Valenzuela, Divjot Singh Kumar, Cheryl Labelle Atkins, Alison Beers, Frederick K Kozak, Neil K Chadha
INTRODUCTION: The auditory brainstem response (ABR) test is used to identify hearing loss and measure hearing thresholds of infants and children who cannot be tested using standard behavioral hearing testing methods. In order for the ABR to yield useful data, a child must be asleep throughout the duration of the test. In many centers, this is achieved through the use of a general anesthetic, with its inherent risks and costs. Since 2004, ABRs have been routinely conducted at BC Children's Hospital in an ambulatory care setting under oral chloral hydrate sedation, with monitoring by a specialist nurse...
April 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26960712/adherence-to-the-breast-cancer-surveillance-program-for-women-at-risk-for-familial-breast-and-ovarian-cancer-versus-overscreening-a-monocenter-study-in-germany
#12
Lisa Vetter, Monika Keller, Thomas Bruckner, Michael Golatta, Sabine Eismann, Christina Evers, Nicola Dikow, Christof Sohn, Jörg Heil, Sarah Schott
Breast cancer (BC) is the leading cancer among women worldwide and in 5-10 % of cases is of hereditary origin, mainly due to BRCA1/2 mutations. Therefore, the German Consortium for Familial Breast and Ovarian Cancer (HBOC) with its 15 specialized academic centers offers families at high risk for familial/hereditary cancer a multimodal breast cancer surveillance program (MBCS) with regular breast MRI, mammography, ultrasound, and palpation. So far, we know a lot about the psychological effects of genetic testing, but we know little about risk-correlated adherence to MBCS or prophylactic surgery over time...
April 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26785096/procalcitonin-as-a-marker-of-bacteremia-in-patients-with-fever-and-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#13
David Vyles, Forrest Gnagi, Blake Bulloch, Jared Muenzer, Chengcheng Hu
BACKGROUND: Children undergoing treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) often present to the emergency department (ED) with a fever. They are at high risk of bacteremia secondary to being immunocompromised. Recent reports indicate that procalcitonin (PCT) is a useful marker of bacteremia in children. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the clinical utility of PCT as a rapid marker of bacteremia in children with ALL presenting to the ED with a fever...
September 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26494006/mortality-related-resource-utilization-in-the-inpatient-care-of-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome
#14
David A Danford, Quentin Karels, Aparna Kulkarni, Aysha Hussain, Yunbin Xiao, Shelby Kutty
BACKGROUND: Quantifying resource utilization in the inpatient care of congenital heart diease is clinically relevant. Our purpose is to measure the investment of inpatient care resources to achieve survival in hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), and to determine how much of that investment occurs in hospitalizations that have a fatal outcome, the mortality-related resource utilization fraction (MRRUF). METHODS: A collaborative administrative database, the Pediatric Health Information System (PHIS) containing data for 43 children's hospitals, was queried by primary diagnosis for HLHS admissions of patients ≤21 years old during 2004-2013...
2015: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26445484/coinfection-with-malaria-and-intestinal-parasites-and-its-association-with-anaemia-in-children-in-cameroon
#15
Anna Longdoh Njunda, Shuri Ghasarah Fon, Jules Clement Nguedia Assob, Dickson Shey Nsagha, Tayong Dizzle Bita Kwenti, Tebit Emmanuel Kwenti
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of coinfection with malaria and intestinal parasites, as well as to determine its association with anaemia in children aged 10 years and below in Muyuka, Cameroon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Participants were febrile children who were admitted to the Muyuka district hospital between April and October 2012. Blood and stool samples were collected from those participants who gave consent to take part in the study...
2015: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26376233/fever-at-diagnosis-of-pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-are-antibiotics-really-necessary
#16
Monica Khurana, Brian Lee, James H Feusner
INTRODUCTION: With new multidrug-resistant microbes and the paucity of new antibacterial agents, we must identify opportunities to safely minimize antibiotics. Current guidelines encourage empiric antibiotics in febrile patients with chemotherapy-induced neutropenia to reduce infection-related mortalities. No guidelines exist for children with isolated fever at presentation/diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and before starting chemotherapy. This study evaluates the incidence of bacteremia in this subpopulation...
October 2015: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26375976/a-comparative-study-of-audiologic-outcomes-for-two-transcutaneous-bone-anchored-hearing-devices
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Harry R F Powell, Alison M Rolfe, Catherine S Birman
OBJECTIVE: In 1977, Tjellstrom et al. used the concept of osseointegration and implanted patients with a titanium screw as part of the first bone-anchored hearing solution. Despite good hearing outcomes with the percutaneous device, there has been a drive for the development of transcutaneous bone conduction systems because of soft tissue complications, aesthetics, and loss or failure of the abutment. This study compares audiologic and quality of life questionnaire outcomes (author-designed questionnaire) for two transcutaneous bone conduction implants...
September 2015: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26361627/minor-surgery-procedures-a-retrospective-review-and-prospective-survey-in-a-pediatric-population
#18
Emily Chan, Marija Bucevska, Cynthia Verchere
OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluated minor surgery procedures undertaken by a single plastic surgeon at BC Children's Hospital (Vancouver, British Columbia) for patient and physician satisfaction, parent impressions, psychological concerns and complications. METHODS: Data were collected from a retrospective chart review and a prospective patient survey. Eligible subjects for the retrospective study included all pediatric patients undergoing minor surgery between May 2011 and April 2013...
2015: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26324730/mycobacterium-tuberculosis-bacteremia-among-acutely-febrile-children-in-western-kenya
#19
Patricia B Pavlinac, Jaqueline M Naulikha, Grace C John-Stewart, Frankline M Onchiri, Albert O Okumu, Ruth R Sitati, Lisa M Cranmer, Erica M Lokken, Benson O Singa, Judd L Walson
In children, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) frequently disseminates systemically, presenting with nonspecific signs including fever. We determined prevalence of M. tuberculosis bacteremia among febrile children presenting to hospitals in Nyanza, Kenya (a region with high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and M. tuberculosis prevalence). Between March 2013 and February 2014, we enrolled children aged 6 months to 5 years presenting with fever (axillary temperature ≥ 37.5°C) and no recent antibiotic use...
November 2015: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26301498/empiric-monotherapy-versus-combination-therapy-for-enterobacteriaceae-bacteremia-in-children
#20
Nina M Berkowitz, Michael C Spaeder, Roberta L DeBiasi, Joseph Campos, Nalini Singh
BACKGROUND: Bacteremia caused by members of the Enterobacteriaceae can be life threatening. Appropriate antimicrobial therapy is critical to reducing morbidity and mortality. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study (2008-2011) was conducted in children and young adults (<21 years of age) hospitalized with Enterobacteriaceae bacteremia with clinical signs and symptoms of infection. We investigated whether combination empiric antimicrobial therapy was superior to monotherapy for treatment...
November 2015: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
keyword
keyword
36954
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"