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Wound healing and oxygenation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340130/mechanism-action-of-platelets-and-crucial-blood-coagulation-pathways-in-hemostasis
#1
REVIEW
Mercy Halleluyah Periayah, Ahmad Sukari Halim, Arman Zaharil Mat Saad
Blood is considered to be precious because it is the basic necessity for health; our body needs a steady provision of oxygen, supplied via blood, to reach billions of tissues and cells. Hematopoiesis is the process that generates blood cells of all lineages. However, platelets are the smallest blood component produced from the very large bone marrow cells called megakaryocytes and they play a fundamental role in thrombosis and hemostasis. Platelets contribute their hemostatic capacity via adhesion, activation and aggregation, which are triggered upon tissue injury, and these actions stimulate the coagulation factors and other mediators to achieve hemostasis...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Hematology-oncology and Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336778/damage-induced-reactive-oxygen-species-regulate-vimentin-and-dynamic-collagen-based-projections-to-mediate-wound-repair
#2
Danny LeBert, Jayne M Squirrell, Chrissy Freisinger, Julie Rindy, Netta Golenberg, Grace Frecentes, Angela Gibson, Kevin W Eliceiri, Anna Huttenlocher
Tissue injury leads to early wound-associated reactive oxygen species (ROS) production that mediate tissue regeneration. To identify mechanisms that function downstream of redox signals that modulate regeneration, a vimentin reporter of mesenchymal cells was generated by driving GFP from the vimentin promoter in zebrafish. Early redox signaling mediated vimentin reporter activity at the wound margin. Moreover, both ROS and vimentin were necessary for collagen production and reorganization into projections at the leading edge of the wound...
January 16, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336493/n-terminal-cu-binding-motifs-xxx-zzz-his-atcun-and-xxx-his-and-their-derivatives-chemistry-biology-and-medicinal-applications
#3
Peter Faller, Paulina Gonzalez, Karolina Bossak, Ewelina Stefaniak, Christelle Hureau, Laurent Raibaut, Wojciech Bal
Peptides and proteins with N-terminal amino acid sequences NH2-Xxx-His (XH) and NH2-Xxx-Zzz-His (XZH) form well established high affinity CuII-complexes. Key examples are Asp-Ala-His (in serum albumin) and Gly-His-Lys, the wound healing factor. This opens a straightforward way to add a high affinity CuII-binding site to almost any peptide or protein, by chemical or recombinant approaches. Thus, these motifs, NH2-Xxx-Zzz-His in particular, have been used to equip peptides and proteins with a multitude of functions based on the redox activity of Cu, including nuclease, protease, glycosidase, or oxygen activation, useful in anticancer or antimicrobial drugs...
January 16, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335864/ethanol-extract-of-lycopodium-serratum-thunb-attenuates-lipopolysaccharide-induced-c6-glioma-cells-migration-via-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-expression
#4
Ju-Yeon Park, Hyuck Kim, Dong-Woo Lim, Jai-Eun Kim, Won-Hwan Park, Sun-Dong Park
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate how ethanol extract of L. serratum (ELS) could exert anti-migratory effects on glioma with the suppression of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) downstream pathway. METHODS: Cell viability of ELS on C6 glioma was detected by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Nitric oxide (NO) assay and 2',7'-dichloroflfluorescin diacetate (DCFH-DA) assay were applied to measure NO production and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced C6 glioma cells...
January 15, 2018: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334015/efficacy-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-in-bacterial-biofilm-eradication
#5
Nicholas E Sanford, Jeremy E Wilkinson, Hao Nguyen, Gabe Diaz, Randall Wolcott
OBJECTIVE: Chronic wounds typically require several concurrent therapies, such as debridement, pressure offloading, and systemic and/or topical antibiotics. The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) towards reducing or eliminating bacterial biofilms in vitro and in vivo. METHOD: Efficacy was determined using in vitro grown biofilms subjected directly to HBOT for 30, 60 and 90 minutes, followed by cell viability determination using propidium monoazide-polymerase chain reaction (PMA-PCR)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330224/vitamin-d-ameliorates-impaired-wound-healing-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-mice-by-suppressing-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-mediated-inflammatory-genes-expression
#6
Yifeng Yuan, Sushant K Das, MaoQuan Li
[Background] : Diabetic wounds are characterized by delayed wound healing due to persistent inflammation and excessive production of reactive oxygen species. Vitamin D, which is well acknowledged as enhanced intestinal calcium absorption and increase in plasma calcium level, has recently been shown to display beneficial effects in various vascular diseases by promoting angiogenesis and inhibiting inflammatory responses. However the role of Vitamin Din diabetic wound healing is still unclear. [Materials and Methods] : In the present study, we investigated the role of Vitamin D in cutaneous wound healing in streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic mice...
January 12, 2018: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316680/effect-of-low-molecular-weight-oligopeptides-isolated-from-sea-cucumber-on-diabetic-wound-healing-in-db-db-mice
#7
Di Li, Lin Li, Teng Xu, Tianxing Wang, Jinwei Ren, Xinran Liu, Yong Li
Impaired wound healing is a major clinical problem in patients with diabetes and is the leading cause of lower limb amputation. This study is aimed to observe the effects of small molecule oligopeptides isolated from sea cucumber (SCCOPs) on the wound healing process in diabetic mice. Ninety db/db male mice were divided into five groups, including the model control group, whey protein group (0.50 g/kg) and three SCCOPs dose groups (0.25 g/kg, 0.50 g/kg and 1.00 g/kg). Additionally, 18 db/m male mice were used as normal control group...
January 8, 2018: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314626/topical-oxygen-therapy-micro-nanobubbles-a-new-modality-for-tissue-oxygen-delivery
#8
Lohrasb R Sayadi, Derek A Banyard, Mary E Ziegler, Zaidal Obagi, Jordyne Prussak, Michael J Klopfer, Gregory Rd Evans, Alan D Widgerow
Up to 15 billion dollars of US health care expenditure each year is consumed by treatment of poorly healing wounds whose etiologies are often associated with aberrancies in tissue oxygenation. To address this issue, several modes of tissue oxygen delivery systems exist, including Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) and Topical Oxygen Therapy (TOT), but their efficacies have yet to be fully substantiated. Micro/nanobubbles (MNBs), which range anywhere from 100 μm to <1 μm in diameter and are relatively stable for hours, offer a new mode of oxygen delivery to wounds...
January 5, 2018: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306208/alpha-2-dihydroxy-4-4-dimethoxydihydrochalcone-inhibits-cell-proliferation-invasion-and-migration-in-gastric-cancer-in-part-via-autophagy
#9
Boshun Wan, Junqiu Zhu, Qing Chang, Haihua Zhou, Zhan Shi, Li Min, YueJiao Cai, Honggeng Guan
Gastric cancer is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Alpha, 2'-dihydroxy-4,4'-dimethoxydihydrochalcone is a type of limonoid mainly isolated from Cedrela odorata (Meliaceae) that has been shown to suppress cell proliferation in several human carcinoma cell lines. In this study, we investigated the anti-cancer ability of alpha, 2'-dihydroxy-4,4'-dimethoxydihydrochalcone and its underlying mechanism in MKN45 cells. Alpha, 2'-dihydroxy-4,4'-dimethoxydihydrochalcone induced excess reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation...
January 2, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305678/the-role-of-adipose-derived-stem-cells-in-a-self-organizing-3d-model-with-regard-to-human-soft-tissue-healing
#10
Martin Oberringer, Monika Bubel, Martina Jennewein, Silke Guthörl, Tamara Morsch, Sophie Bachmann, Wolfgang Metzger, Tim Pohlemann
The clinical phenomenon of inadequate soft tissue healing still remains an important issue. The occurrence of chronic wounds is correlated to the life span, which is still increasing in western countries. Tissue engineering products containing adipose-derived stem cells are discussed as a promising therapeutic approach. Several studies confirmed the value of these cells for soft tissue healing improvement, suggesting a paracrine as well as a direct effect on vessel repair and angiogenesis. In an attempt to figure out specific effects of adipose-derived stem cells on dermal microvascular endothelial cells with respect to the different phases of soft tissue healing, we designed a 3D in vitro model on the basis of spheroids...
January 5, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303551/engineering-bioinspired-antioxidant-materials-promoting-cardiomyocyte-functionality-and-maturation-for-tissue-engineering-application
#11
Parvaiz Ahmad Shiekh, Anamika Singh, Ashok Kumar
Oxidative stress plays an important role in various pathological conditions such as wound healing, inflammation, myocardial infarction and biocompatibility of the materials. Antioxidant polymers to attenuate oxidative stress is an emerging field of biomaterial research with a huge impact in the field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. We describe here the fabrication and evaluation of an elastomeric antioxidant polyurethane (PUAO) for tissue engineering applications. Uniaxial and cyclic tensile testing, thermal analysis, degradation, cytotoxicity and antioxidant analysis was carried out...
January 5, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278309/monotropein-promotes-angiogenesis-and-inhibits-oxidative-stress-induced-autophagy-in-endothelial-progenitor-cells-to-accelerate-wound-healing
#12
Chenggui Wang, Cong Mao, Yiting Lou, Jianxiang Xu, Qingqing Wang, Zengjie Zhang, Qian Tang, Xiaolei Zhang, Huazi Xu, Yongzeng Feng
Attenuating oxidative stress-induced damage and promoting endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) differentiation are critical for ischaemic injuries. We suggested monotropein (Mtp), a bioactive constituent used in traditional Chinese medicine, can inhibit oxidative stress-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and stimulate bone marrow-derived EPC (BM-EPC) differentiation. Results showed Mtp significantly elevated migration and tube formation of BM-EPCs and prevented tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP)-induced programmed cell death through apoptosis and autophagy by reducing intracellular reactive oxygen species release and restoring mitochondrial membrane potential, which may be mediated viamTOR/p70S6K/4EBP1 and AMPK phosphorylation...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274334/targeting-of-egfr-increase-anti-cancer-effects-of-arsenic-trioxide-promising-treatment-for-glioblastoma-multiform
#13
Yashar Mesbahi, Ali Zekri, Shahin Ahmadian, Kamran Alimoghaddam, Ardeshir Ghavamzadeh, Seyed H Ghaffari
Glioblastoma multiform (GBM) accounts for the most common form of primary brain tumors with very limited survival rate. Drug resistance is the main challenges for good prognosis of GBM patients. Arsenic trioxide (ATO) as a multifunctional drug has been investigated for the treatment of several solid tumors. Amplification/overexpression of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene as a signature genetic abnormality of GBM tumors can be a chemoresistance mechanism. In this study, we use erlotinib as an EGFR inhibitor to increase the sensitivity of GBM cell lines to ATO treatment...
December 20, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260509/synergistic-anticancer-effect-of-panobinostat-and-topoisomerase-inhibitors-through-ros-generation-and-intrinsic-apoptotic-pathway-induction-in-cervical-cancer-cells
#14
Lubna Wasim, Madhu Chopra
PURPOSE: Various combinations of drugs may be effective in the treatment of different types of cancer. Previously, we have shown that combinations of the histone deacetylase inhibitor panobinostat and the topoisomerase inhibitors topotecan or etoposide act synergistically, but the underlying mode of action has remained unknown. Here, we aimed at uncovering the mechanisms underlying this synergism. METHODS: The effects of (combinations of) panobinostat and topotecan or etoposide on cervical cancer-derived HeLa and SiHa cells were assessed using morphological evaluations, scratch wound healing assays, cell cycle analyses, AO/EB staining assays, Annexin V/PI staining assays, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial membrane potential measurements and Western blotting...
December 19, 2017: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235375/chitosan-nanoparticles-loaded-hydrogels-promote-skin-wound-healing-through-the-modulation-of-reactive-oxygen-species
#15
Tao Wang, Yan Zheng, Yaping Shen, Yijie Shi, Fang Li, Chang Su, Liang Zhao
This study developed a novel bioactive chitosan nanoparticle loaded calcium alginate hydrogel to regulate inflammation and neovascularization for accelerated wound healing in vivo. It was found that chitosan nanoparticles loaded calcium alginate hydrogel exhibited remarkable antibacterial activity. Through the modulation of generation of ROS, it promoted the synthesis and secretion of IL-6 in vascular endothelial cell (VEC), suggesting its potential proinflammatory activation. Further, it promoted VEC invasion, metastasis and neovascularization to accelerate wound healing...
December 13, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219948/asperosaponin-vi-promotes-angiogenesis-and-accelerates-wound-healing-in-rats-via-up-regulating-hif-1%C3%AE-vegf-signaling
#16
Cheng-Gui Wang, Yi-Ting Lou, Min-Ji Tong, Li-Lian Zhang, Zeng-Jie Zhang, Yong-Zeng Feng, Shi Li, Hua-Zi Xu, Cong Mao
Wound therapy remains a clinical challenge due to the complexity of healing pathology and high demand of achieving functional and aesthetically satisfactory scars. Newly formed blood vessels are essential for tissue repair since they can support cells at the wound site with nutrition and oxygen. In this study, we investigated the effects of Asperosaponin VI (ASA VI) isolated from a traditional Chinese medicine, the root of Dipsacus asper Wall, in promoting angiogenesis, as well as its function in wound therapeutics...
December 7, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219279/use-of-photodynamic-inactivation-for-in-vitro-reduction-of-prevalent-bacteria-in-fournier-s-gangrene
#17
Nalisson Marques Pereira, Luciano Santos Feitosa, Ricardo Scarparo Navarro, Dora Inés Kozusny-Andreani, Naacia Marques Pereira Carvalho
Fournier's Gangrene (FG) is an infectious disease caused by several synergic microbes, with high morbidity and mortality rates; therefore, the search for new less invasive and mutilating treatments, with faster recovery, has been proposed. Surgical intervention, the use of several systemic and topic antibiotics, and hyperbaric oxygen therapy are currently the best approach for the treatment of these patients. The use of Photodynamic Inactivation (PDI) aims to lower morbidity and mortality, by reducing bacterial microbiota and speeding wound healing...
December 11, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196053/centchroman-regulates-breast-cancer-angiogenesis-via-inhibition-of-hif-1%C3%AE-vegfr2-signalling-axis
#18
Jayant Dewangan, Shweta Kaushik, Srikanta Kumar Rath, Anil K Balapure
AIMS: Angiogenesis is a recognized hallmark of cancer which promotes cancer cell progression and metastasis. Inhibition of angiogenesis to attenuate cancer growth is becoming desirable strategy for breast cancer management. The present study is aimed to investigate the antiangiogenic efficacy of a novel selective estrogen receptor modulator Centchroman (CC) on human breast cancer cells. MAIN METHODS: Effect of CC on cell viability was evaluated using Sulforhodamine B assay...
November 28, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180182/perioperative-warming-oxygen-and-ilomedin-on-oxygenation-and-healing-in-infrainguinal-bypass-surgery
#19
Nathaniel Chiang, Odette A Rodda, Jamie Sleigh, Thodur Vasudevan
BACKGROUND: Perioperative adjuncts are utilized across surgical specialities with the goal of improving patient outcomes. High-dose oxygen and extended warming are shown to increase wound collagen deposition during abdominal surgery. Prostacyclin is shown to improve limb salvage and patency rate in infrainguinal bypass (IIB) surgery. This study evaluated the impact of these adjuncts on healing and perfusion post IIB surgery. METHODS: This randomized controlled study allocated patients undergoing IIB surgery into three treatment arms (perioperative high-dose oxygen, extended warming, and a synthetic prostacyclin) or a control group...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173725/hyaluronan-and-hyaluronan-fragments
#20
Mary K Cowman
The glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan (HA) is a key component of the microenvironment surrounding cells. In healthy tissues, HA molecules have extremely high molecular mass and consequently large hydrodynamic volumes. Tethered to the cell surface by clustered receptor proteins, HA molecules crowd each other, as well as other macromolecular species. This leads to severe nonideality in physical properties of the biomatrix, because steric exclusion leads to an increase in effective concentration of the macromolecules...
2017: Advances in Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biochemistry
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