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Rehana A Salam, Rahat Najam Qureshi, Sana Sheikh, Asif Raza Khowaja, Diane Sawchuck, Marianne Vidler, Peter von Dadelszen, Shujaat Zaidi, Zulfiqar Bhutta
BACKGROUND: An estimated 276 Pakistani women die for every 100,000 live births; with eclampsia accounting for about 10 % of these deaths. Community health workers contribute to the existing health system in Pakistan under the banner of the Lady Health Worker (LHW) Programme and are responsible to provide a comprehensive package of antenatal services. However, there is a need to increase focus on early identification and prompt diagnosis of pre-eclampsia in community settings, since women with mild pre-eclampsia often present without symptoms...
September 30, 2016: Reproductive Health
Shanshan Zhou, Haodong Yuan, Xiaoling Ma, Ying Liu
Women have an increased risk for chemical element deficiencies during reproductive age, particularly due to higher chemical element requirements and poor diets. Twenty-one chemical elements (Al, B, Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Se, Si, Sn, Sr, Ti, V and Zn) in hair samples, which were collected from 71 non-pregnant and 236 pregnant women living in the West Ujimqin Banner, central Inner Mongolia, China, were measured, and the environment, dietary habits and ethnic group influence factors associated with the biomarker were analyzed...
January 2017: Chemosphere
Chuncheng Liu, Jessica Mao, Terrence Wong, Weiming Tang, Lai Sze Tso, Songyuan Tang, Ye Zhang, Wei Zhang, Yilu Qin, Zihuang Chen, Wei Ma, Dianming Kang, Haochu Li, Meizhen Liao, Katie Mollan, Michael Hudgens, Barry Bayus, Shujie Huang, Bin Yang, Chongyi Wei, Joseph D Tucker
INTRODUCTION: Crowdsourcing has been used to spur innovation and increase community engagement in public health programmes. Crowdsourcing is the process of giving individual tasks to a large group, often involving open contests and enabled through multisectoral partnerships. Here we describe one crowdsourced video intervention in which a video promoting condom use is produced through an open contest. The aim of this study is to determine whether a crowdsourced intervention is as effective as a social marketing intervention in promoting condom use among high-risk men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender male-to-female (TG) in China...
October 3, 2016: BMJ Open
Denise Harrison, Jodi Wilding, Amanda Bowman, Ann Fuller, Stuart G Nicholls, Catherine M Pound, Jessica Reszel, Margaret Sampson
BACKGROUND: Infant vaccinations are necessary for public health, but are painful, causing distress to the infant and caregivers. Breastfeeding and sucrose effectively reduce infants' pain during vaccinations, and these strategies are recommended in health care provider (HCP)-targeted education and vaccination pain guidelines. However studies show these strategies are infrequently used. YouTube is a popular medium to publicly share and watch videos, and many consumer posted YouTube videos show distressed infants being vaccinated with no pain treatment...
2016: PloS One
Manish P Shrestha, Chengcheng Hu, Sasha Taleban
GOALS: We intended to identify the factors associated with missed appointments at a gastroenterology (GI) clinic in an academic setting. BACKGROUND: Missed clinic appointments reduce clinic efficiency, waste resources, and increase costs. Limited data exist on subspecialty clinic attendance. STUDY: We performed a case-control study using data from the electronic health record of patients scheduled for an appointment at the adult GI clinic at the Banner University Medical Center between March and October of 2014...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Charles B Cairns, Kathy Bollinger, Joe G N Garcia
The University of Arizona Health Network (UAHN) was a modestly successful health care delivery organization with a vibrant academic portfolio and stable finances. By 2013, however, market forces, health care financing changes, and the burden of technology and informatics upgrades led to a compromised financial position at UAHN, a situation experienced by many academic medical centers. Concurrently, Banner Health had been interested in forming an academic partnership to enhance innovation, including the incorporation of new approaches into health care delivery, and to recruit high-quality providers to the organization...
August 30, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Dimitris Hatzichristou, Paraskevi-Sofia Kirana, Linda Banner, Stanley E Althof, Risa A M Lonnee-Hoffmann, Lorraine Dennerstein, Raymond C Rosen
INTRODUCTION: A detailed sexual history is the cornerstone for all sexual problem assessments and sexual dysfunction diagnoses. Diagnostic evaluation is based on an in-depth sexual history, including sexual and gender identity and orientation, sexual activity and function, current level of sexual function, overall health and comorbidities, partner relationship and interpersonal factors, and the role of cultural and personal expectations and attitudes. AIM: To propose key steps in the diagnostic evaluation of sexual dysfunctions, with special focus on the use of symptom scales and questionnaires...
August 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Shangfeng Tang, Lu Ji, Tao Hu, Ghose Bishwajit, Da Feng, Hui Ming, Yue Xian, Qian Fu, Zhifei He, Hang Fu, Ruoxi Wang, Zhanchun Feng
BACKGROUND: Public malaria health promotion is an integral part of the national malaria elimination programme, which was launched by the Chinese government in 2010. However, the public awareness of malaria needs to improve. This study aims to explore the determinants of public awareness of malaria. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using stratified sampling method from June 2015 to March 2016. Bivariate logistic regression was performed to explore the association between predictors and malaria awareness in the sample population...
2016: Malaria Journal
Andrew S Hanks, David R Just, Adam Brumberg
OBJECTIVES: Children do not eat enough servings of vegetables, underscoring the need for effective interventions encouraging this behavior. The purpose of this research was to measure the impact that daily exposure to branded vegetable characters has on vegetable selection among boys and girls in elementary schools. METHODS: In a large urban school district, 10 elementary schools agreed to participate in the study. They were randomly assigned to a control condition or 1 of 3 treatment conditions: (1) a vinyl banner displaying vegetable characters that was fastened around the base of the salad bar; (2) short television segments with health education delivered by vegetable characters; or (3) a combination of the vinyl banner and television segments...
August 2016: Pediatrics
Yucai Chen, Changsheng Liu, William Davis Parker, Hongyi Chen, Thomas G Beach, Xinhua Liu, Geidy E Serrano, Yanfen Lu, Jianjun Huang, Kunfang Yang, Chunmei Wang
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial dysfunction may play a central role in the pathologic process of Alzheimer's disease (AD), but there is still a scarcity of data that directly links the pathology of AD with the alteration of mitochondrial DNA. This study aimed to provide a comprehensive assessment of mtDNA rearrangement events in AD brain tissue. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Postmortem frozen human brain cerebral cortex samples were obtained from the Banner Sun Health Research Institute Brain and Body Donation Program, Sun City, AZ...
2016: PloS One
E Elliot, M Rossi, S McCormack, A McOwan
BACKGROUND: An estimated one in eight men who have sex with men (MSM) in London lives with HIV, of which 16% are undiagnosed. It is a public health priority to minimise time spent undiagnosed and reduce morbidity, mortality and onward HIV transmission. 'Dean Street at Home' provided an online HIV risk self-assessment and postal home HIV sampling service aimed at hard-to-reach, high-risk MSM. OBJECTIVES: This 2-year service evaluation aims to determine the HIV risk behaviour of users, the uptake of offer of home sampling and the acceptability of the service...
September 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
Deborah A Cohen, Bing Han, Catherine J Nagel, Peter Harnik, Thomas L McKenzie, Kelly R Evenson, Terry Marsh, Stephanie Williamson, Christine Vaughan, Sweatha Katta
INTRODUCTION: An extensive infrastructure of neighborhood parks supports leisure time physical activity in most U.S. cities; yet, most Americans do not meet national guidelines for physical activity. Neighborhood parks have never been assessed nationally to identify their role in physical activity. METHODS: Using a stratified multistage sampling strategy, a representative sample of 174 neighborhood parks in 25 major cities (population >100,000) across the U.S...
October 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
John C West
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Healthcare Risk Management: the Journal of the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management
Peter S Fine, Bita A Kash
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
Anamitra Barik, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Abhijit Chowdhury
UNLABELLED: Aim To measure the prevalence of self-reported morbidity and its associated factors among adults (aged ⩾15 years) in a select rural Indian population. BACKGROUND: Self-reporting of smoking has been validated as population-based surveys using self-reported data provide reasonably consistent estimates of smoking prevalence, and are generally considered to be sufficiently accurate for tracking the general pattern of morbidity associated with tobacco use in populations...
September 2016: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Ian Cavigli, Katie F Daughenbaugh, Madison Martin, Michael Lerch, Katie Banner, Emma Garcia, Laura M Brutscher, Michelle L Flenniken
Honey bees are important pollinators of agricultural crops. Since 2006, US beekeepers have experienced high annual honey bee colony losses, which may be attributed to multiple abiotic and biotic factors, including pathogens. However, the relative importance of these factors has not been fully elucidated. To identify the most prevalent pathogens and investigate the relationship between colony strength and health, we assessed pathogen occurrence, prevalence, and abundance in Western US honey bee colonies involved in almond pollination...
2016: Apidologie
R W Treskes, E T Van Der Velde, D E Atsma, M J Schalij
Although it has been possible to transfer electrocardiograms via a phone line for more than 100 years, use of internet-based patient monitoring and communication systems in daily care is uncommon. Despite the introduction of numerous health-monitoring devices, and despite most patients having internet access, the implementation of individualised healthcare services is still limited. On the other hand, hospitals have invested heavily in massive information systems offering limited value for money and connectivity...
July 2016: Netherlands Heart Journal
Alexander M Clark, Kelly S Wiens, Davina Banner, Jennifer Kryworuchko, Lorraine Thirsk, Lianne McLean, Kay Currie
OBJECTIVE: To identify the main mechanisms of heart failure (HF) disease management programmes based in hospitals, homes or the community. METHODS: Systematic review of qualitative and quantitative studies using realist synthesis. The search strategy incorporated general and specific terms relevant to the research question: HF, self-care and programmes/interventions for HF patients. To be included, papers had to be published in English after 1995 (due to changes in HF care over recent years) to May 2014 and contain specific data related to mechanisms of effect of HF programmes...
May 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Nitin K Ahuja, Amisha Ahuja
The human gut has been viewed for centuries as a potential mediator of systemic disease. The theory of autointoxication, which found its clearest articulation in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, focused on altered bowel habits as the cause of widespread physical decay and advocated for the pursuit of health through regular defecation. More recently, under the banner of the microbiome, research on commensal bacteria makes a similar case for associations between alimentary dynamics and illness manifestations far outside the gastrointestinal tract...
June 2016: Medical Humanities
Arleen F Brown, D'Ann M Morris, Katherine L Kahn, Ibrahima C Sankaré, Keyonna M King, Roberto Vargas, Aziza Lucas-Wright, Loretta F Jones, Astrea Flowers, Felica U Jones, Rachelle Bross, Dennishia Banner, Homero E Del Pino, Orwilda L Pitts, Lujia Zhang, Courtney Porter, Sigrid K Madrigal, Stefanie D Vassar, Sitaram Vangala, Li-Jung Liang, Arturo B Martinez, Keith C Norris
OBJECTIVE: To describe the design and rationale of the Healthy Community Neighborhood Initiative (HCNI), a multi-component study to understand and document health risk and resources in a low-income and minority community. DESIGN: A community-partnered participatory research project. SETTING: A low-income, biethnic African American and Latino neighborhood in South Los Angeles. PARTICIPANTS: Adult community residents aged >18 years...
2016: Ethnicity & Disease
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