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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798011/the-use-of-facebook-advertising-for-communicating-public-health-messages-a-campaign-against-drinking-during-pregnancy-in-new-zealand
#1
Mathew Parackal, Sherly Parackal, Shobhit Eusebius, Damien Mather
BACKGROUND: Social media is gaining recognition as a platform for delivering public health messages. One area attracting attention from public health researchers and professionals is Facebook's advertising channel. This channel is reported to have a broad reach and generate high user engagement with the disseminated campaign materials. However, to date, no study has examined the communication process via this channel which this study aimed to address. OBJECTIVE: The specific objectives of the study were to (1) examine user engagement for a public health campaign based on the metadata provided by Facebook, (2) analyze comments generated by the campaign materials using text mining, and (3) investigate the relationship between the themes identified in the comments and the message and the sentiments prevalent in the themes that exhibited significant relationships...
August 10, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790911/plasma-levels-of-a%C3%AE-42-and-tau-identified-probable-alzheimer-s-dementia-findings-in-two-cohorts
#2
Lih-Fen Lue, Marwan N Sabbagh, Ming-Jang Chiu, Naomi Jing, Noelle L Snyder, Christopher Schmitz, Andre Guerra, Christine M Belden, Ta-Fu Chen, Che-Chuan Yang, Shieh-Yueh Yang, Douglas G Walker, Kewei Chen, Eric M Reiman
The utility of plasma amyloid beta (Aβ) and tau levels for the clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia has been controversial. The main objective of this study was to compare Aβ42 and tau levels measured by the ultra-sensitive immunomagnetic reduction (IMR) assays in plasma samples collected at the Banner Sun Health Institute (BSHRI) (United States) with those from the National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH) (Taiwan). Significant increase in tau levels were detected in AD subjects from both cohorts, while Aβ42 levels were increased only in the NTUH cohort...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776464/internet-recruitment-for-sexually-transmitted-infection-screening-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-eastern-europe
#3
Cara Mangine, Aigi Kukk, Helen Noormets, Jaak Jänes, Kristi Rüütel
Men who have sex with men (MSM) face negative health outcomes such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) at disproportionate rates. Nonetheless, infections may be underestimated due to limited uptake in testing. To increase testing, screening interventions have been utilized in the past; however, some have resulted in limitations such as poor recruitment. To increase recruitment for screening of MSM in Estonia, two different recruitment strategies were examined. Recruitment was separated into two promotional periods: passive and active...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687531/informing-the-development-of-a-mobile-phone-hiv-testing-intervention-intentions-to-use-specific-hiv-testing-approaches-among-young-black-transgender-women-and-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#4
Beryl A Koblin, Vijay Nandi, Sabina Hirshfield, Mary Ann Chiasson, Donald R Hoover, Leo Wilton, DaShawn Usher, Victoria Frye
BACKGROUND: Regular human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing of persons at risk is critical to HIV prevention. Infrequent HIV testing and late diagnosis of HIV infection have been observed among young black men who have sex with men (MSM) and transwomen (transgender women)-two groups overrepresented in the HIV epidemic. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to inform the development of a brief mobile phone intervention to increase HIV testing among young black MSM and transwomen by providing a tailored recommendation of an optimal HIV testing approach...
July 7, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669553/expert-consensus-guidelines-for-stocking-of-antidotes-in-hospitals-that-provide-emergency-care
#5
Richard C Dart, Lewis R Goldfrank, Brian L Erstad, David T Huang, Knox H Todd, Jeffrey Weitz, Vikhyat S Bebarta, E Martin Caravati, Fred M Henretig, Theodore R Delbridge, William Banner, Sandra M Schneider, Victoria E Anderson
We provide recommendations for stocking of antidotes used in emergency departments (EDs). An expert panel representing diverse perspectives (clinical pharmacology, medical toxicology, critical care medicine, hematology/oncology, hospital pharmacy, emergency medicine, emergency medical services, pediatric emergency medicine, pediatric critical care medicine, poison centers, hospital administration, and public health) was formed to create recommendations for antidote stocking. Using a standardized summary of the medical literature, the primary reviewer for each antidote proposed guidelines for antidote stocking to the full panel...
June 29, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577355/frailty-assessment-in-older-adults-using-upper-extremity-function-index-development
#6
Nima Toosizadeh, Christopher Wendel, Chiu-Hsieh Hsu, Edward Zamrini, Jane Mohler
BACKGROUND: Numerous multidimensional assessment tools have been developed to measure frailty; however, the clinical feasibility of these tools is limited. We previously developed and validated an upper-extremity function (UEF) assessment method that incorporates wearable motion sensors. The purpose of the current study was to: 1) cross-sectionally validate the UEF method in a larger sample in comparison with the Fried index; 2) develop a UEF frailty index to predict frailty categories including non-frail, pre-frail, and frail based on UEF parameters and demographic information, using the Fried index as the gold standard; and 3) develop a UEF continuous score (points scores for each UEF parameter and a total frailty score) based on UEF parameters and demographic information, using the Fried index as the gold standard...
June 2, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221372/neglecting-legumes-has-compromised-human-health-and-sustainable-food-production
#7
Christine H Foyer, Hon-Ming Lam, Henry T Nguyen, Kadambot H M Siddique, Rajeev K Varshney, Timothy D Colmer, Wallace Cowling, Helen Bramley, Trevor A Mori, Jonathan M Hodgson, James W Cooper, Anthony J Miller, Karl Kunert, Juan Vorster, Christopher Cullis, Jocelyn A Ozga, Mark L Wahlqvist, Yan Liang, Huixia Shou, Kai Shi, Jingquan Yu, Nandor Fodor, Brent N Kaiser, Fuk-Ling Wong, Babu Valliyodan, Michael J Considine
The United Nations declared 2016 as the International Year of Pulses (grain legumes) under the banner 'nutritious seeds for a sustainable future'. A second green revolution is required to ensure food and nutritional security in the face of global climate change. Grain legumes provide an unparalleled solution to this problem because of their inherent capacity for symbiotic atmospheric nitrogen fixation, which provides economically sustainable advantages for farming. In addition, a legume-rich diet has health benefits for humans and livestock alike...
August 2, 2016: Nature Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106678/the-influence-of-emerging-nursing-administrative-and-leadership-researchers-an-interview-with-dr-lesly-kelly
#8
Jeffrey M Adams
This department highlights emerging nursing leaders who have demonstrated leadership in advancing innovation and patient care in practice, policy, research, education, and theory. This interview profiles Lesly Kelly, PhD, RN, Assistant Professor at the Arizona State University College of Nursing and Health Innovation and Nursing and Clinical Research Program Director at Banner-University Medical Center Phoenix.
February 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078084/promoting-workplace-stair-climbing-sometimes-not-interfering-is-the-best
#9
Andreas Åvitsland, Ane Kristiansen Solbraa, Amund Riiser
BACKGROUND: Stair climbing is a vigorous activity and can lead to several health benefits. Studies seeking to increase stair climbing in various public locations have shown positive effects, while results from similar studies conducted in the workplace are inconclusive. This study examined stair climbing in the workplace, and monitored effects from a single- and a combined intervention. Interventions were inspired by nudging, the libertarian method of influencing behavior. METHODS: By quasi-experimental design, stair- and elevator traffic in two office buildings was monitored preceding-, during- and following interventions with stair leading footprints alone, and combined with stair-riser banners...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998328/-apostles-of-continence-doctors-and-the-doctrine-of-sexual-necessity-in-progressive-era-america
#10
Timothy Verhoeven
In the first decades of the twentieth century, a group of doctors under the banner of the social hygiene movement set out on what seemed an improbable mission: to convince American men that they did not need sex. This was in part a response to venereal disease. Persuading young men to adopt the standard of sexual discipline demanded of women was the key to preserving the health of the nation from the ravages of syphilis and gonorrhoea. But their campaign ran up against the doctrine of male sexual necessity, a doctrine well established in medical thought and an article of faith for many patients...
January 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968894/hiv-self-testing-among-high-risk-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Yilu Qin, Fengying Liu, Weiming Tang, Songyuan Tang, Chuncheng Liu, Jessica Mao, Chongyi Wei, Joseph Tucker
BACKGROUND: HIV self-testing holds great promise for reaching high-risk key populations who do not access facility-based services, but it has rarely been evaluated outside of structured research settings. HIV self-testing is a process by which a person takes and interprets a test. We aimed to characterise implementation of unsupervised HIV self-testing among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China. METHODS: We undertook a nationwide online survey of MSM in November, 2015, in China...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968893/sex-tourism-among-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#12
Jessica Mao, Weiming Tang, Chuncheng Liu, Ngai Sze Wong, Songyuan Tang, Chongyi Wei, Joseph Tucker
BACKGROUND: Sex tourism among men who have sex with men (MSM) provides a risk for spread of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. Sex tourism is defined as travelling outside of one's home town and purchasing sex with gifts or money. Our objective was to characterise the frequency, sociodemographic characteristics, and sexual risk behaviours among Chinese MSM sex tourists. METHODS: We undertook an online, cross-sectional survey of high-risk MSM throughout China in November, 2015...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719680/potential-for-task-sharing-to-lady-health-workers-for-identification-and-emergency-management-of-pre-eclampsia-at-community-level-in-pakistan
#13
Rehana A Salam, Rahat Najam Qureshi, Sana Sheikh, Asif Raza Khowaja, Diane Sawchuck, Marianne Vidler, Peter von Dadelszen, Shujaat Zaidi, Zulfiqar Bhutta
BACKGROUND: An estimated 276 Pakistani women die for every 100,000 live births; with eclampsia accounting for about 10 % of these deaths. Community health workers contribute to the existing health system in Pakistan under the banner of the Lady Health Worker (LHW) Programme and are responsible to provide a comprehensive package of antenatal services. However, there is a need to increase focus on early identification and prompt diagnosis of pre-eclampsia in community settings, since women with mild pre-eclampsia often present without symptoms...
September 30, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718426/hair-chemical-element-contents-and-influence-factors-of-reproductive-age-women-in-the-west-ujimqin-banner-inner-mongolia-china
#14
Shanshan Zhou, Haodong Yuan, Xiaoling Ma, Ying Liu
Women have an increased risk for chemical element deficiencies during reproductive age, particularly due to higher chemical element requirements and poor diets. Twenty-one chemical elements (Al, B, Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Se, Si, Sn, Sr, Ti, V and Zn) in hair samples, which were collected from 71 non-pregnant and 236 pregnant women living in the West Ujimqin Banner, central Inner Mongolia, China, were measured, and the environment, dietary habits and ethnic group influence factors associated with the biomarker were analyzed...
January 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697868/comparing-the-effectiveness-of-a-crowdsourced-video-and-a-social-marketing-video-in-promoting-condom-use-among-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-study-protocol
#15
Chuncheng Liu, Jessica Mao, Terrence Wong, Weiming Tang, Lai Sze Tso, Songyuan Tang, Ye Zhang, Wei Zhang, Yilu Qin, Zihuang Chen, Wei Ma, Dianming Kang, Haochu Li, Meizhen Liao, Katie Mollan, Michael Hudgens, Barry Bayus, Shujie Huang, Bin Yang, Chongyi Wei, Joseph D Tucker
INTRODUCTION: Crowdsourcing has been used to spur innovation and increase community engagement in public health programmes. Crowdsourcing is the process of giving individual tasks to a large group, often involving open contests and enabled through multisectoral partnerships. Here we describe one crowdsourced video intervention in which a video promoting condom use is produced through an open contest. The aim of this study is to determine whether a crowdsourced intervention is as effective as a social marketing intervention in promoting condom use among high-risk men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender male-to-female (TG) in China...
October 3, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695054/using-youtube-to-disseminate-effective-vaccination-pain-treatment-for-babies
#16
Denise Harrison, Jodi Wilding, Amanda Bowman, Ann Fuller, Stuart G Nicholls, Catherine M Pound, Jessica Reszel, Margaret Sampson
BACKGROUND: Infant vaccinations are necessary for public health, but are painful, causing distress to the infant and caregivers. Breastfeeding and sucrose effectively reduce infants' pain during vaccinations, and these strategies are recommended in health care provider (HCP)-targeted education and vaccination pain guidelines. However studies show these strategies are infrequently used. YouTube is a popular medium to publicly share and watch videos, and many consumer posted YouTube videos show distressed infants being vaccinated with no pain treatment...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661970/appointment-wait-time-primary-care-provider-status-and-patient-demographics-are-associated-with-nonattendance-at-outpatient-gastroenterology-clinic
#17
Manish P Shrestha, Chengcheng Hu, Sasha Taleban
GOALS: We intended to identify the factors associated with missed appointments at a gastroenterology (GI) clinic in an academic setting. BACKGROUND: Missed clinic appointments reduce clinic efficiency, waste resources, and increase costs. Limited data exist on subspecialty clinic attendance. STUDY: We performed a case-control study using data from the electronic health record of patients scheduled for an appointment at the adult GI clinic at the Banner University Medical Center between March and October of 2014...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580434/a-transformative-approach-to-academic-medicine-the-partnership-between-the-university-of-arizona-and-banner-health
#18
Charles B Cairns, Kathy Bollinger, Joe G N Garcia
The University of Arizona Health Network (UAHN) was a modestly successful health care delivery organization with a vibrant academic portfolio and stable finances. By 2013, however, market forces, health care financing changes, and the burden of technology and informatics upgrades led to a compromised financial position at UAHN, a situation experienced by many academic medical centers. Concurrently, Banner Health had been interested in forming an academic partnership to enhance innovation, including the incorporation of new approaches into health care delivery, and to recruit high-quality providers to the organization...
January 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27436074/diagnosing-sexual-dysfunction-in-men-and-women-sexual-history-taking-and-the-role-of-symptom-scales-and-questionnaires
#19
REVIEW
Dimitris Hatzichristou, Paraskevi-Sofia Kirana, Linda Banner, Stanley E Althof, Risa A M Lonnee-Hoffmann, Lorraine Dennerstein, Raymond C Rosen
INTRODUCTION: A detailed sexual history is the cornerstone for all sexual problem assessments and sexual dysfunction diagnoses. Diagnostic evaluation is based on an in-depth sexual history, including sexual and gender identity and orientation, sexual activity and function, current level of sexual function, overall health and comorbidities, partner relationship and interpersonal factors, and the role of cultural and personal expectations and attitudes. AIM: To propose key steps in the diagnostic evaluation of sexual dysfunctions, with special focus on the use of symptom scales and questionnaires...
August 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430322/determinants-of-public-malaria-awareness-during-the-national-malaria-elimination-programme-a-cross-sectional-study-in-rural-china
#20
Shangfeng Tang, Lu Ji, Tao Hu, Ghose Bishwajit, Da Feng, Hui Ming, Yue Xian, Qian Fu, Zhifei He, Hang Fu, Ruoxi Wang, Zhanchun Feng
BACKGROUND: Public malaria health promotion is an integral part of the national malaria elimination programme, which was launched by the Chinese government in 2010. However, the public awareness of malaria needs to improve. This study aims to explore the determinants of public awareness of malaria. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using stratified sampling method from June 2015 to March 2016. Bivariate logistic regression was performed to explore the association between predictors and malaria awareness in the sample population...
July 19, 2016: Malaria Journal
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