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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875347/a-proposal-for-a-uk-ethics-council-for-animal-policy-the-case-for-putting-ethics-back-into-policy-making
#1
Steven P McCulloch, Michael J Reiss
Substantial controversy is a consistent feature of UK animal health and welfare policy. BSE, foot and mouth disease, bovine TB and badger culling, large indoor dairies, and wild animals in circuses are examples. Such policy issues are inherently normative; they include a substantial moral dimension. This paper reviews UK animal welfare advisory bodies such as the Animal Health and Welfare Board of England, the Farm Animal Welfare Council and the Animals in Science Committee. These bodies play a key advisory role, but do not have adequate expertise in ethics to inform the moral dimension of policy...
June 7, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742035/what-do-patients-talk-about-a-qualitative-analysis-of-online-chat-sessions-with-healthcare-specialists-during-a-virtual-cardiac-rehabilitation-program
#2
Joanna Mendell, Joanna Bates, Davina Banner-Lukaris, Dan Horvat, Bindy Kang, Joel Singer, Andrew Ignaszewski, Scott A Lear
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac rehabilitation programs (CRPs) are effective at reducing cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, yet attendance in these programs remains low due to geographic constraints. In a previously conducted randomized trial we demonstrated that a virtual CRP (vCRP) delivered over the Internet reduced risk for CVD. The current investigation has reviewed the online chat sessions between participants and healthcare providers (HCP) to describe the content of discussions during the vCRP intervention...
May 9, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713389/establishing-post-mortem-criteria-for-the-metabolic-syndrome-an-autopsy-based-cross-sectional-study
#3
Martin Roest Christensen, Anne Bugge, Mariam Elmegaard Malik, Jørgen Lange Thomsen, Niels Lynnerup, Jørgen Rungby, Jytte Banner
Background: Individuals who suffer from mental illness are more prone to obesity and related co-morbidities, including the metabolic syndrome. Autopsies provide an outstanding platform for the macroscopic, microscopic and molecular-biological investigation of diseases. Autopsy-based findings may assist in the investigation of the metabolic syndrome. To utilise the vast information that an autopsy encompasses to elucidate the pathophysiology behind the syndrome further, we aimed to both develop and evaluate a method for the post mortem definition of the metabolic syndrome...
2018: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696552/open-relationships-nonconsensual-nonmonogamy-and-monogamy-among-u-s-adults-findings-from-the-2012-national-survey-of-sexual-health-and-behavior
#4
Ethan Czuy Levine, Debby Herbenick, Omar Martinez, Tsung-Chieh Fu, Brian Dodge
People in open and other consensually nonmonogamous partnerships have been historically underserved by researchers and providers. Many studies group such partnerships together with nonconsensual nonmonogamy (NCNM) under the banner of "concurrent sexual partnerships." Discrimination from service providers poses a substantial barrier to care. Responding to such concerns, this investigation explored sociodemographic correlates with open relationships and associations between relationship structure and sexual risk, HIV/STI testing, and relationship satisfaction in a nationally representative probability sample...
April 25, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691269/implementation-of-a-pharmacy-managed-program-for-the-transition-of-chemotherapy-to-the-outpatient-setting
#5
Ali McBride, Christopher J Campen, James Camamo, Marie Maloney, Daniel Persky, Sandra E Kurtin, Nikki L Barket, Ravitharan Krishnadasan, Emad Elquza, Faiz Anwer, Kurt Weibel
PURPOSE: Implementation of a pharmacy-managed program for the transition of chemotherapy to the outpatient setting is described. SUMMARY: The University of Arizona Cancer Center and Banner-University Medical Center Tucson are affiliated not-for-profit academic medical centers in Tucson, Arizona, whose facilities include a hospital and ambulatory care clinics that maintain 3 outpatient infusion centers. The cancer center pharmacy currently employs 25 pharmacists, with 4 clinical pharmacists serving both the inpatient and outpatient treatment sites...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674308/uptake-of-tailored-text-message-smoking-cessation-support-in-pregnancy-when-advertised-on-the-internet-miquit-observational-study
#6
Joanne L Emery, Tim Coleman, Stephen Sutton, Sue Cooper, Jo Leonardi-Bee, Matthew Jones, Felix Naughton
BACKGROUND: Smoking in pregnancy is a major public health concern. Pregnant smokers are particularly difficult to reach, with low uptake of support options and few effective interventions. Text message-based self-help is a promising, low-cost intervention for this population, but its real-world uptake is largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the uptake and cost-effectiveness of a tailored, theory-guided, text message intervention for pregnant smokers ("MiQuit") when advertised on the internet...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648523/feasibility-and-costs-of-a-targeted-cholera-vaccination-campaign-in-ethiopia
#7
Samuel Teshome, Sachin Desai, Jerome H Kim, Dires Belay, Vittal Mogasale
Shanchol™, a WHO-prequalified oral cholera vaccine (OCV), has been used to control endemic cholera in Asia, as well as in emergencies and outbreaks elsewhere. The vaccine has not been used by public health systems in cholera-endemic settings of Africa although several outbreak response campaigns have been conducted. Here we present experiences from a mass vaccination campaign in a cholera-endemic setting of Ethiopia in which Shanchol™ was introduced through the public health system. The vaccination site was selected based on cholera cases reported in previous years...
April 12, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629366/comparing-the-cost-effectiveness-of-campaigns-delivered-via-various-combinations-of-television-and-online-media
#8
REVIEW
Vanessa Allom, Michelle Jongenelis, Terry Slevin, Stacey Keightley, Fiona Phillips, Sarah Beasley, Simone Pettigrew
Background: Reflecting the increasing prevalence of online media, many mass media health campaigns are now delivered using both television (TV) and online media formats. The aim of this study was to evaluate a smoking cessation mass media campaign according to the cost-effectiveness of the various combinations of TV and online media formats to inform future media buying decisions. Methods: A quasi-experimental interrupted time series approach was employed. The campaign was delivered in seven 1-week bursts using TV, online video (OV), or online display (OD) (e...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433594/the-effectiveness-of-self-regulation-in-limiting-the-advertising-of-unhealthy-foods-and-beverages-on-children-s-preferred-websites-in-canada
#9
Monique Potvin Kent, Elise Pauzé
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of the self-regulatory Canadian Children's Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative (CAI) in limiting advertising of unhealthy foods and beverages on children's preferred websites in Canada. Design/Setting/Subjects Syndicated Internet advertising exposure data were used to identify the ten most popular websites for children (aged 2-11 years) and determine the frequency of food/beverage banner and pop-up ads on these websites from June 2015 to May 2016...
February 13, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370553/wu-wei-concept-analysis-of-a-conceptual-paradox
#10
Matthew Banner
The Taoist concept of wu-wei is explored through a concept analysis, as delineated by Walker and Avant. The paradoxical nature of wu-wei is explored through different uses, defining attributes, a model case, related and illegitimate cases, antecedents and consequences, and empirical referents. Practical applications for mental health nursing assessment and interventions are offered to show potential improved outcomes with the stance of wu-wei in practice. Wu-wei arises in the emptying of the vessel (oneself) of ego, thus allowing more skillful, adaptable, collaborative mental health nursing in the moment...
April 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286830/suicidality-in-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#11
Casey T Luong, Lynn Rew, Matthew Banner
This systematic literature review addresses risk and protective factors associated with suicidal ideation and attempts in young men who have sex with men (YMSM). The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PubMed, PsychArticles, and PsychInfo yielded 14 articles. Risk factors included (1) not being enrolled in school, (2) earlier sexual debut, (3) substance use/abuse, (4) homelessness, (5) bullying and victimization, (6) fear of community violence, (7) and parental abuse. Protective factors included (1) positive sexual minority LGBT stereotypes, (2) family acceptance, (3) school and peer support, (4) high self-esteem, and (5) adaptive coping mechanisms...
January 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212627/how-do-infant-feeding-apps-in-china-measure-up-a-content-quality-assessment
#12
Jing Zhao, Becky Freeman, Mu Li
BACKGROUND: Globally, with the popularization of mobile phones, the number of health-related mobile phone apps has skyrocketed to 259,000 in 2016. In the digital era, people are accessing health information through their fingertips. In China, there are several apps that claim to provide infant feeding and nutrition guidance. However, the quality of information in those apps has not been extensively assessed. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the quality of Chinese infant feeding apps using comprehensive quality assessment criteria and to explore Chinese mothers' perceptions on apps' quality and usability...
December 6, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185815/2016-annual-report-of-the-american-association-of-poison-control-centers-national-poison-data-system-npds-34th-annual-report
#13
David D Gummin, James B Mowry, Daniel A Spyker, Daniel E Brooks, Michael O Fraser, William Banner
INTRODUCTION: This is the 34th Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers' (AAPCC) National Poison Data System (NPDS). As of 1 January 2016, 55 of the nation's poison centers (PCs) uploaded case data automatically to NPDS. The upload interval was 9.50 [7.33, 14.6] (median [25%, 75%]) min, facilitating a near real-time national exposure and information database and surveillance system. METHODS: We analyzed the case data tabulating specific indices from NPDS...
December 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177125/promoting-access-to-dental-care-in-south-london-adult-patients-perspectives
#14
Sylviana Haji Moris, Orla Carty, Kristina L Wanyonyi, Jennifer E Gallagher
Objective: To evaluate patients' views on health service initiatives established to improve uptake of NHS primary dental care amongst adult patients in a socially deprived area, comparing practices with extended and regular contract capacity. Study design: Service evaluation and cross-sectional survey. Method: Questionnaire survey of patients attending a random sample of dental practices in three inner-metropolitan boroughs of south London following initiatives to improve access to dental care (across dental practices delivering regular and extended contracts for services) exploring attendance patterns and the influence and awareness of local initiatives to promote access...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174245/volume-outcome-relationships-for-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-risk-adjusted-and-volume-stratified-analysis-of-tavr-outcomes
#15
Divya Ratan Verma, Yash Pershad, Mohamad Lazkani, Kenith Fang, Michael Morris, Ashish Pershad
OBJECTIVES: This purpose of the study was to evaluate TAVR outcomes at low, intermediate and high volume institutions. BACKGROUND: For the care of complex patients, volume-outcome effect is well described. The initial US TAVR experience was limited to a few centers of excellence. The impact of institutional volume on outcomes after TAVR has not been systematically studied. METHODS: Within the Banner Health system, TAVR is performed at 3 institutions-a low volume, an intermediate volume and a high volume institution...
November 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129109/impact-of-healthy-vending-machine-options-in-a-large-community-health-organization
#16
Ravi Grivois-Shah, Juan R Gonzalez, Shashank P Khandekar, Amy L Howerter, Patrick A O'Connor, Barbara A Edwards
PURPOSE: To determine whether increasing the proportion of healthier options in vending machines decreases the amount of calories, fat, sugar, and sodium vended, while maintaining total sales revenue. DESIGN: This study evaluated the impact of altering nutritious options to vending machines throughout the Banner Health organization by comparing vended items' sales and nutrition information over 6 months compared to the same 6 months of the previous year. SETTING: Twenty-three locations including corporate and patient-care centers...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129108/promoting-mental-health-resource-use-on-campus-by-trying-something-new
#17
Sara Champlin, Gwendelyn Nisbett
PURPOSE: To design and test a persuasive health promotion campaign that aligns with the qualities of trying something new for the first time. Given that a majority of students have not previously sought/considered professional mental health assistance before, the hypothesis tested in this study asked whether a campaign that takes this into account is effective with this audience. DESIGN: Participants viewed an online informational message (n = 84), information message plus first-time experience banner (n = 99), or 1 of 4 full campaigns, each depicting a student story and photo about a first-time experience (moving from home [n = 48], skydiving [n = 52], acting in a play [n = 48], and exercising with personal trainer [n = 48])...
May 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102997/-just-a-gp-a-mixed-method-study-of-undermining-of-general-practice-as-a-career-choice-in-the-uk
#18
Hugh Alberti, Kimberley Banner, Helen Collingwood, Kymberlee Merritt
OBJECTIVES: Failure to recruit sufficient applicants to general practice (GP) training has been a problem both nationally and internationally for many years and undermining of GP is one possible contributing factor. The aim of our study was to ascertain what comments, both negative and positive, are being made in UK clinical settings to GP trainees about GP and to further explore these comments and their influence on career choice. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a mixed methods study...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025140/policies-and-strategies-to-facilitate-secondary-use-of-research-data-in-the-health-sciences
#19
Paul R Burton, Natalie Banner, Mark J Elliot, Bartha Maria Knoppers, James Banks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969702/crowdsourcing-to-promote-hiv-testing-among-msm-in-china-study-protocol-for-a-stepped-wedge-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: HIV testing for marginalized populations is critical to controlling the HIV epidemic. However, the HIV testing rate among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China remains low. Crowdsourcing, the process of shifting individual tasks to a group, has been increasingly adopted in public health programs and may be a useful tool for spurring innovation in HIV testing campaigns. We designed a multi-site study to develop a crowdsourced HIV test promotion campaign and evaluate its effectiveness against conventional campaigns among MSM in China...
October 2, 2017: Trials
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