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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429609/chemical-evaluation-of-the-rhynchophorus-ferrugineus-larvae-fed-on-different-substrates-as-human-food-source
#1
Annarita Cito, Santi Longo, Giuseppe Mazza, Elena Dreassi, Valeria Francardi
We investigated the chemical composition of the weevil Rhynchophorus ferrugineus larvae, traditionally used as human food in Asia and known worldwide as one of the most significant pest for palm trees. Total fat content and fatty acid composition were analyzed using standard methodologies in (1) weevil larvae reared on apple fruit slices and wild specimens collected from attacked (2) Phoenix canariensis and (3) Syagrus romanzoffiana palm trees. Total fat content was extremely high in all the specimens (ranged between 57...
January 1, 2017: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422342/the-development-of-lingualized-occlusion
#2
Robert L Engelmeier, Rodney D Phoenix
This article is a historical review of the development of the lingualized occlusion concept over the past century. It focuses on the pioneers of lingualized occlusion and their designs rather than on techniques for achieving a lingualized complete denture occlusion.
April 19, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418706/radiation-driven-formation-of-reactive-oxygen-species-in-oxychlorine-containing-mars-surface-analogues
#3
Christos D Georgiou, Dimitrios Zisimopoulos, Electra Kalaitzopoulou, Richard C Quinn
The present study demonstrates that γ-radiolyzed perchlorate-containing Mars soil salt analogues (in a CO2 atmosphere) generate upon H2O wetting the reactive oxygen species (ROS) superoxide radical (O2(•-)), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and hydroxyl radicals ((•)OH). This study also validates that analogue radiolysis forms oxychlorine species that, in turn, can UV-photolyze to (•)OH upon UV photolysis. This investigation was made possible by the development of a new assay for inorganic-origin O2(•-) and H2O2 determination and by the modification of a previous assay for soil (•)OH...
April 2017: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410986/predictors-of-biochemical-recurrence-after-primary-focal-cryosurgery-hemiablation-for-localized-prostate-cancer-a-multi-institutional-analytic-comparison-of-phoenix-and-stuttgart-criteria
#4
Michael Kongnyuy, Michael J Lipsky, Shahidul Islam, Dennis J Robins, Shaun Hager, Daniel M Halpern, Kaitlin E Kosinski, Jeffrey T Schiff, Anthony T Corcoran, Sven Wenske, Aaron E Katz
BACKGROUND: The Phoenix definition (PD) and Stuttgart definition (SD) designed to determine biochemical recurrence (BCR) in patients with postradiotherapy and high-intensity focused ultrasound organ-confined prostate cancer are being applied to follow patients after cryosurgery. We sought to identify predictors of BCR using the PD and SD criteria in patients who underwent primary focal cryosurgery (PFC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of patients who underwent PFC (hemiablation) at 2 referral centers from 2000 to 2014...
April 11, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410422/diversity-of-algerian-oases-date-palm-phoenix-dactylifera-l-arecaceae-heterozygote-excess-and-cryptic-structure-suggest-farmer-management-had-a-major-impact-on-diversity
#5
Souhila Moussouni, Jean-Christophe Pintaud, Yves Vigouroux, Nadia Bouguedoura
Date palm (Phoenix dactyliferaL.) is the mainstay of oasis agriculture in the Saharan region. It is cultivated in a large part of the Mediterranean coastal area of the Sahara and in most isolated oases in the Algerian desert. We sampled 10 oases in Algeria to understand the structure of date palm diversity from the coastal area to a very isolated desert location. We used 18 microsatellite markers and a chloroplast minisatellite to characterize 414 individual palm trees corresponding to 114 named varieties. We found a significant negative inbreeding coefficient, suggesting active farmer selection for heterozygous individuals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409124/hospital-dissemination-of-tst-1-positive-clonal-complex-5-cc5-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#6
Min Wang, Yi Zheng, Jose R Mediavilla, Liang Chen, Barry N Kreiswirth, Yajun Song, Ruifu Yang, Hong Du
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), is one of the most prevalent clinical pathogens isolated from hospital settings, and has increasingly identified in community settings. In China, the SCCmecIII-ST239 strains are disseminated in different geographic regions, accounting for >75% of all MRSA isolates in some national studies. Here we characterized 150 non-duplicate MRSA isolates collected from February 2012 to May 2013 in a tertiary hospital in Suzhou, Eastern China, to explore the molecular epidemiology...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403631/identification-and-evaluation-of-antibacterial-agents-present-in-lipophilic-fractions-isolated-from-sub-products-of-phoenix-dactilyfera
#7
Najla Bentrad, Rabéa Gaceb-Terrak, Fatma Rahmania
In this study, the dried powder of seeds and pollen of Phoenix dactylifera was extracted using Soxhlet extractor and biochemical composition of lipophilic extracts was analysed by GCMS. Then, we have tested the antibacterial effect of fatty acids and volatile compounds found in these sub-products. The results revealed that the main fatty acids found in Deglet Nour seeds is are oleic acid (42.06%) followed by capric acid (24.16%), Takerbucht seeds extract contains mostly oleic acid (40.59%) and palmitic acid (20...
April 13, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385075/propensity-score-matched-comparison-of-partial-to-whole-gland-cryotherapy-for-intermediate-risk-prostate-cancer-an-analysis-of-the-cold-registry-data
#8
Kae Jack Tay, Thomas J Polascik, Ahmed El-Shafei, Efrat Tsivian, J Stephen Jones
OBJECTIVE: To compare the oncological and functional outcomes of partial versus whole-gland cryotherapy for men with intermediate-risk prostate cancer. SUBJECTS/PATIENTS: Men with intermediate-risk prostate cancer treated with primary prostate cryotherapy from 1993-2013 were selected from the Cryo On-Line Data Registry for a 1:1 matched comparison between those undergoing whole-gland and partial prostate cryotherapy (targeted-ablation, unilateral/bilateral nerve-sparing ablations)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382371/characteristics-of-dyspnoea-and-associated-clinical-outcomes-in-the-champion-phoenix-study
#9
William A Parker, Deepak L Bhatt, Jayne Prats, Jonathan R S Day, Philippe Gabriel Steg, Gregg W Stone, Christian W Hamm, Kenneth W Mahaffey, Matthew J Price, C Michael Gibson, Harvey D White, Robert F Storey
Dyspnoea may be induced by some reversibly-binding P2Y12 inhibitors, including cangrelor and ticagrelor. Dyspnoea was not associated with any compromise to the efficacy of ticagrelor in the PLATO study. The CHAMPION PHOENIX study (NCT01156571) compared initial treatment with cangrelor versus initial treatment with clopidogrel in patients undergoing PCI. We investigated the incidence, characteristics, and associated clinical outcomes in patients with dyspnoea in CHAMPION PHOENIX. Adverse events (AEs) of dyspnoea to 48 hours were recorded in patients randomised to cangrelor or clopidogrel in CHAMPION PHOENIX...
April 6, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380222/green-biosynthesis-of-spherical-silver-nanoparticles-by-using-date-palm-phoenix-dactylifera-fruit-extract-and-study-of-their-antibacterial-and-catalytic-activities
#10
Saeed Farhadi, Bahram Ajerloo, Abdelnassar Mohammadi
In this work, we have synthesized spherical silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) by a low-cost, rapid, simple and ecofriendly approach using Date palm fruit extract as a novel natural reducing and stabilizing agent. The product was characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy and Zeta potential measurements...
2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379902/cangrelor-a-new-route-for-p2y12-inhibition
#11
Alexandra M Sible, James J Nawarskas
Antiplatelet therapy with a P2Y12 inhibitor is a key component of treatment for patients with acute coronary syndromes undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Before the development of cangrelor (Kengreal, The Medicines Company, Parsippany, NJ), only oral P2Y12 inhibitors were available. Cangrelor is a reversible P2Y12 inhibitor that is administered as an intravenous infusion, and its quick onset and offset make it an appealing option for antiplatelet therapy, particularly for patients who are unable to take oral medications...
May 2017: Cardiology in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375109/anti-hyperlipidemic-and-hepatoprotective-effects-of-native-date-fruit-variety-aseel-phoenix-dactylifera
#12
Shadab Ahmed, Rafeeq Alam Khan, Subia Jamil
Diet rich in saturated fats and sugars have been associated with obesity, insulin resistance, hyperlipidemia and fatty liver disease. Especially high serum lipid levels are directly connected to the progression of cardiovascular disorders, which are the leading cause of death all over the world. Date palm fruit (Phoenix dactylifera) is known for numerous health benefits however little information is available about in vivo clinical and preclinical benefits, hence antihyperlipidemic and hepatoprotective potential of native date variety Aseel has been assessed in hyperlipidemia induced albino rats...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361964/experimental-and-numerical-evaluations-on-palm-microwave-heating-for-red-palm-weevil-pest-control
#13
Rita Massa, Gaetano Panariello, Daniele Pinchera, Fulvio Schettino, Emilio Caprio, Raffaele Griffo, Marco Donald Migliore
The invasive Red Palm Weevil is the major pest of palms. Several control methods have been applied, however concern is raised regarding the treatments that can cause significant environmental pollution. In this context the use of microwaves is particularly attractive. Microwave heating applications are increasingly proposed in the management of a wide range of agricultural and wood pests, exploiting the thermal death induced in the insects that have a thermal tolerance lower than that of the host matrices. This paper describes research aiming to combat the Red Palm pest using microwave heating systems...
March 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347961/a-self-sustaining-high-strength-wastewater-treatment-system-using-solar-bio-hybrid-power-generation
#14
Mauricio Bustamante, Wei Liao
This study focuses on system analysis of a self-sustaining high-strength wastewater treatment concept combining solar technologies, anaerobic digestion, and aerobic treatment to reclaim water. A solar bio-hybrid power generation unit was adopted to power the wastewater treatment. Concentrated solar power (CSP) and photovoltaics (PV) were combined with biogas energy from anaerobic digestion. Biogas is also used to store the extra energy generated by the hybrid power unit and ensure stable and continuous wastewater treatment...
March 12, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344597/high-biologically-effective-dose-radiation-therapy-using-brachytherapy-in-combination-with-external-beam-radiotherapy-for-high-risk-prostate-cancer
#15
Keisei Okamoto, Akinori Wada, Naoaki Kohno
PURPOSE: To evaluate the outcomes of high-risk prostate cancer patients treated with biologically effective dose (BED) ≥ 220 Gy of high-dose radiotherapy, using low-dose-rate (LDR) brachytherapy in combination with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) and short-term androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 2005 to 2013, a total of 143 patients with high-risk prostate cancer were treated by radiotherapy of BED ≥ 220 Gy with a combination of LDR brachytherapy, EBRT, and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT)...
February 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342956/disparities-in-telephone-cpr-access-and-timing-during-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#16
Tomas Nuño, Bentley J Bobrow, Karen A Rogge-Miller, Micah Panczyk, Terry Mullins, Wayne Tormala, Antonio Estrada, Samuel M Keim, Daniel W Spaite
AIM: Spanish-only speaking residents in the United States face barriers to receiving potentially life-saving 911 interventions such as Telephone -cardiopulmonary resuscitation (TCPR) instructions. Since 2015, 911 dispatchers have placed an increased emphasis on rapid identification of potential cardiac arrest. The purpose of this study was to describe the utilization and timing of the 911 system during suspected out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) by Spanish-speaking callers in Metropolitan Phoenix, Arizona...
March 23, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340405/population-pharmacokinetic-modeling-of-furosemide-in-patients-with-hypertension-and-fluid-overload-conditions
#17
Devender Kodati, Narsimhareddy Yellu
BACKGROUND: Furosemide is a loop diuretic drug frequently indicated in hypertension and fluid overload conditions such as congestive heart failure and hepatic cirrhosis. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to establish a population pharmacokinetic model for furosemide in Indian hypertensive and fluid overload patients, and to evaluate effects of covariates on the volume of distribution (V/F) and oral clearance (CL/F) of furosemide. METHODS: A total of 188 furosemide plasma sample concentrations from 63 patients with hypertension or fluid overload conditions were collected in this study...
January 15, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330456/genome-wide-expression-profiling-in-leaves-and-roots-of-date-palm-phoenix-dactylifera-l-exposed-to-salinity
#18
Mahmoud W Yaish, Himanshu V Patankar, Dekoum V M Assaha, Yun Zheng, Rashid Al-Yahyai, Ramanjulu Sunkar
BACKGROUND: Date palm, as one of the most important fruit crops in North African and West Asian countries including Oman, is facing serious growth problems due to salinity, arising from persistent use of saline water for irrigation. Although date palm is a relatively salt-tolerant plant species, its adaptive mechanisms to salt stress are largely unknown. RESULTS: In order to get an insight into molecular mechanisms of salt tolerance, RNA was profiled in leaves and roots of date palm seedlings subjected to NaCl for 10 days...
March 22, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330400/academic-responses-to-fukushima-disaster
#19
Kiyotaka Yasui, Yuko Kimura, Kenji Kamiya, Rie Miyatani, Naohiro Tsuyama, Akira Sakai, Koji Yoshida, Shunichi Yamashita, Rethy Chhem, May Abdel-Wahab, Akira Ohtsuru
Since radiation accidents, particularly nuclear disasters, are rarer than other types of disasters, a comprehensive radiation disaster medical curriculum for them is currently unavailable. The Fukushima compound disaster has urged the establishment of a new medical curriculum in preparation for any future complex disaster. The medical education will aim to aid decision making on various health risks for workers, vulnerable people, and residents addressing each phase in the disaster. Herein, we introduce 3 novel educational programs that have been initiated to provide students, professionals, and leaders with the knowledge of and skills to elude the social consequences of complex nuclear disasters...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330181/optimization-of-medium-composition-for-in-vitro-shoot-proliferation-and-growth-of-date-palm-cv-mejhoul
#20
Mouaad Amine Mazri, Reda Meziani, Jamal El Fadile, Az-Eddine Ezzinbi
The effects of major mineral salts, L-glutamine, myo-inositol and carbon source on shoot bud proliferation of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cv. Mejhoul were evaluated. Different concentrations of ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3; 550, 825 or 1650 mg/L), potassium nitrate (KNO3; 633.3, 950 or 1900 mg/L), calcium chloride dehydrate (CaCl2·2H2O; 147, 220 or 440 mg/L), potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KH2PO4; 57, 85 or 170 mg/L), magnesium sulfate heptahydrate (MgSO4·7H2O; 123, 185 or 370 mg/L), L-glutamine and myo-inositol (0...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
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