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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453179/enhanced-cr-vi-removal-from-acidic-solutions-using-biochar-modified-by-fe-3-o-4-sio-2-nh-2-particles
#1
Shunquan Shi, Jiakuan Yang, Sha Liang, Mingyang Li, Quan Gan, Keke Xiao, Jingping Hu
Fe 3 O 4 @SiO 2 -NH 2 magnetic particles with core-shell structure were attached on carboxylated biochar derived from phoenix tree leaves to synthesize a novel magnetic biochar for removing Cr(VI) ions from acidic solutions. FSEM, FTEM, XRD characterizations of the synthesized magnetic biochar revealed that the Fe 3 O 4 @SiO 2 -NH 2 magnetic particles distributed uniformly on the surface or macrospores of carboxylated biochar by strong chemical bonding. The Cr(VI) ions adsorption capacity of magnetic biochar was 27...
February 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449868/prediction-of-methionine-and-homocysteine-levels-in-zucker-diabetic-fatty-zdf-rats-as-a-t2dm-animal-model-after-consumption-of-a-methionine-rich-diet
#2
Nayoung Han, Jung-Woo Chae, Jihyun Jeon, Jaeyeon Lee, Hyun-Moon Back, Byungjeong Song, Kwang-Il Kwon, Sang Kyum Kim, Hwi-Yeol Yun
Background: Although alterations in the methionine metabolism cycle (MMC) have been associated with vascular complications of diabetes, there have not been consistent results about the levels of methionine and homocysteine in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of the current study was to predict changes in plasma methionine and homocysteine concentrations after simulated consumption of methionine-rich foods, following the development of a mathematical model for MMC in Zucker Diabetic Fatty (ZDF) rats, as a representative T2DM animal model...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441697/long-term-outcomes-of-proton-therapy-for-prostate-cancer-in-japan-a-multi-institutional-survey-of-the-japanese-radiation-oncology-study-group
#3
Hiromitsu Iwata, Hitoshi Ishikawa, Masaru Takagi, Tomoaki Okimoto, Sigeyuki Murayama, Tetsuo Akimoto, Hitoshi Wada, Takeshi Arimura, Yoshitaka Sato, Masayuki Araya, Jun-Etsu Mizoe, Masahiko Gosho, Katsumasa Nakamura, Hiroki Shirato, Hideyuki Sakurai
This is the first multi-institutional retrospective survey of the long-term outcomes of proton therapy (PT) for prostate cancer in Japan. This retrospective analysis comprised prostate cancer patients treated with PT at seven centers between January 2008 and December 2011 and was approved by each Institutional Review Board. The NCCN classification was used. Biochemical relapse was based on the Phoenix definition (nadir + 2.0 ng/mL). Toxicities were evaluated with the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4...
February 14, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431125/follow-your-virtual-trainer-fyvt-a-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol-of-it-based-lifestyle-intervention-programme-to-promote-physical-activity-and-health-among-middle-aged-hong-kong-chinese
#4
Stanley Sai-Chuen Hui, Yao Jie Xie, Ron Chi-Wai Kwok, Eric Wing-Cheung Tam, Winnie Wing Sze Mak, Phoenix Kit-Han Mo
INTRODUCTION: Hong Kong is a highly urbanised city where many people work long hours. The limited time and lack of professional instruction are the typical barriers to exercise. The purpose of this study is to test the effectiveness of an information technology-based lifestyle intervention programme on improving physical activity (PA) level and health status in a sample of middle-aged Hong Kong adults. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A two-arm parallel randomised controlled trial named 'Follow Your Virtual Trainer' will be conducted among 200 physically inactive Chinese adults aged from 40 to 65 years...
February 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430370/genetic-variability-in-selected-date-palm-phoenix-dactylifera-l-cultivars-of-united-arab-emirates-using-issr-and-damd-markers
#5
Fayas T Purayil, Gabriel A Robert, Kodiveri M Gothandam, Shyam S Kurup, Sreeramanan Subramaniam, Abdul Jaleel Cheruth
Nine (9) different date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cultivars from UAE, which differ in their flower timings were selected to determine the polymorphism and genetic relationship between these cultivars. Hereditary differences and interrelationships were assessed utilizing inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) and directed amplification of minisatellite DNA region (DAMD) primers. Analysis on eight DAMD and five ISSR markers produced total of 113 amplicon including 99 polymorphic and 14 monomorphic alleles with a polymorphic percentage of 85...
February 2018: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427687/rapid-detection-of-carbapenemase-producing-acinetobacter-baumannii-and-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-using-a-bioluminescence-based-phenotypic-method
#6
Vincent van Almsick, Beniam Ghebremedhin, Niels Pfennigwerth, Parviz Ahmad-Nejad
Accurate detection of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) and carbapenemase-producing carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter spp. (CP-CRA) constitutes a major challenge in laboratory diagnostics. We developed a bioluminescence-based carbapenem susceptibility detection assay (BCDA) which allows identification of CRE (carbapenemase-producing-CRE (CP-CRE) as well as non-carbapenemase-producing-CRE (non-CP-CRE) and CP-CRA in 2.5 h from culture media. This laboratory method was evaluated with CP-CRE and CP-CRA isolates producing different β-lactamases of different Ambler classes (A, n = 16; B, n = 25; D, n = 67) and 22 non-CP-CRE...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427145/effect-of-ultrasound-on-lactic-acid-production-by-lactobacillus-strains-in-date-phoenix-dactylifera-var-kabkab-syrup
#7
Seyed Mohammad Bagher Hashemi, Amin Mousavi Khaneghah, Jorge A Saraiva, Anet Režek Jambrak, Francisco J Barba, Maria J Mota
Date syrup is rich in fermentable sugars and may be used as a substrate for different microbial fermentations, including lactic acid fermentation processes. The beneficial effects of ultrasounds (US) on bioprocesses have been reported for several microorganisms, due to the enhancement of cell growth, as well as improvements in yields and productivities. Therefore, US treatments (30 kHz, 100 W, 10-30 min) were applied to two lactobacilli (Lactobacillus helveticus PTCC 1332 and Lactobacillus acidophilus PTCC 1643), during fermentation using date syrup as substrate...
February 9, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424566/evaluation-of-the-tindouf-basin-region-in-southern-morocco-as-an-analog-site-for-soil-geochemistry-on-noachian-mars
#8
Elizabeth A Oberlin, Mark W Claire, Samuel P Kounaves
Locations on Earth that provide insights into processes that may be occurring or may have occurred throughout martian history are often broadly deemed "Mars analog environments." As no single locale can precisely represent a past or present martian environment, it is important to focus on characterization of terrestrial processes that produce analogous features to those observed in specific regions of Mars or, if possible, specific time periods during martian history. Here, we report on the preservation of ionic species in soil samples collected from the Tindouf region of Morocco and compare them with the McMurdo Dry Valleys of Antarctica, the Atacama Desert in Chile, the martian meteorite EETA79001, and the in situ Mars analyses from the Phoenix Wet Chemistry Laboratory (WCL)...
February 9, 2018: Astrobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424113/effect-of-a-matter-of-balance-programme-on-avoidance-behaviour-due-to-fear-of-falling-in-older-adults
#9
Cecelia Sartor-Glittenberg, Elton Bordenave, Curt Bay, Lori Bordenave, Jeffrey L Alexander
BACKGROUND: Fear of falling (FOF) is associated with restricted activities, increased risk of falling, and decreased quality of life. A Matter of Balance (AMOB) is an evidence-based programme designed to decrease FOF. The current study investigated the influence of the AMOB on activity avoidance caused by FOF in older adults using the Fear of Falling Avoidance Behavior Questionnaire (FFABQ), health-related quality of life, and a question regarding concerns about falling. METHODS: Participants of this quasi-experimental, one-group, pretest-post-test study design were older adults from community sites in the Phoenix, Arizona, metropolitan area...
February 8, 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422351/comparison-of-the-identification-results-of-candida-species-obtained-by-bd-phoenix%C3%A2-and-maldi-tof-bruker-microflex-lt-biotyper-3-1
#10
Andrea P Marucco, Patricia Minervini, Gabriela V Snitman, Adriana Sorge, Liliana I Guelfand, Laura López Moral
In patients with invasive fungal infections, the accurate and rapid identification of the genus Candida is of utmost importance since antimycotic sensitivity is closely related to the species. The aim of the present study was to compare the identification results of species of the genus Candida obtained by BD Phoenix™ (Becton Dickinson [BD]) and Maldi-TOF MS (Bruker Microflex LT Biotyper 3.1). A total of 192 isolates from the strain collection belonging to the Mycology Network of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, Argentina, were analyzed...
February 5, 2018: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421988/high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-hdl-c-levels-independently-correlates-with-cardiac-arrhythmias-and-atrial-fibrillation
#11
Farzin Brian Boudi, Nicholas Kalayeh, Mohammad Reza Movahed
OBJECTIVE: Acute coronary syndrome is frequently complicated by rhythm disturbances, yet any association between high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels and arrhythmias in the setting of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (non-STEMI) is uncertain. The goal of this study was to evaluate any association between HDL-cholesterol levels and arrhythmias in the setting of non-STEMI. METHODS: Retrospective data from Phoenix Veterans Affair Medical Center records were utilized for our study...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421809/a-potassium-selective-current-affected-by-micromolar-concentrations-of-anion-transport-inhibitors
#12
Roberta Costa, Davide Antonio Civello, Emanuele Bernardinelli, Simone Vanoni, Michaela Zopf, Giada Scantamburlo, Charity Nofziger, Wolfgang Patsch, Markus Paulmichl, Silvia Dossena
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In the human genome, more than 400 genes encode ion channels, which are ubiquitously expressed and often coexist and participate in almost all physiological processes. Therefore, ion channel blockers represent fundamental tools in discriminating the contribution of individual channel types to a physiological phenomenon. However, unspecific effects of these compounds may represent a confounding factor. Three commonly used chloride channel inhibitors, i.e. 4,4'-diisothiocyano-2,2'-stilbene-disulfonic acid (DIDS), 5-nitro-2-[(3-phenylpropyl) amino]benzoic acid (NPPB) and the anti-inflammatory drug niflumic acid were tested to identify the lowest concentration effective on Cl- channels and ineffective on K+ channels...
February 2, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417368/pilot-study-of-a-novel-partnership-for-installing-smoke-alarms
#13
Elise C Omaki, Shannon Frattaroli, Wendy C Shields, Eileen M McDonald, Nicholas Rizzutti, Meri-K Appy, Denise Voiles, Shelly Jamison, Andrea C Gielen
Objectives To demonstrate the feasibility of partnering fire department personnel and home visiting nurses to increase the number of low-income homes protected by smoke alarms. Methods During a regularly scheduled home visit, nurses at the Nurse-Family Partnership of Maricopa County (NFP) informed their clients about an opportunity to have smoke alarms installed in their homes for free. For interested families, nurses sent a referral to the Phoenix Fire Department (PFD), scheduled an appointment, and accompanied the PFD volunteers during the installation...
February 7, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416279/characteristics-of-bacterial-colonization-after-indwelling-double-j-ureteral-stents-for-different-time-duration
#14
K S Shabeena, Rahul Bhargava, Muhammed A P Manzoor, M Mujeeburahiman
Background: Indwelling Double-J ureteral stenting is commonly used in urological practice and has various complications. This study aimed to assess the frequency of bacterial stent colonization and stent-associated bacteriuria after indwelling it for different time durations and to evaluate the significance of urinary cultures for identification of colonizing microorganisms. Materials and Methods: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted. Midstream urine from 72 patients undergoing J stent insertion was investigated microbiologically before stent insertion and on the day of stent removal...
January 2018: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410146/a-method-for-the-analysis-and-visualization-of-clinical-workflow-in-dynamic-environments
#15
Akshay Vankipuram, Stephen Traub, Vimla L Patel
The analysis of clinical workflow offers many challenges, especially in settings characterized by rapid dynamic change. Typically, some combination of approaches drawn from ethnography and grounded theory-based qualitative methods are used to develop relevant metrics. Medical institutions have recently attempted to introduce technological interventions to develop quantifiable quality metrics to supplement existing purely qualitative analyses. These interventions range from automated location tracking to repositories of clinical data (e...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397761/threats-during-sex-work-and-association-with-mental-health-among-young-female-sex-workers-in-hong-kong
#16
Phoenix K H Mo, Winnie W S Mak, Yvonne T Y Kwok, Meiqi Xin, Charlie W L Chan, Louise W M Yip
Young female sex workers (YFSWs) are confronted with significant threats during sex work. The present cross-sectional study examined different levels of threats (i.e., threats to life and health, threats to humanity, threats to control of work and financial security, and the threats to future) experienced by 87 YFSWs (age 16-25) in Hong Kong, and identified their association with mental health (i.e., psychological well-being) together with other factors, including childhood trauma, self-efficacy, hope, and social support...
February 4, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385561/sbm-recommends-policy-support-to-reduce-smoking-disparities-for-sexual-and-gender-minorities
#17
Phoenix Alicia Matthews, Amanda C Blok, Joseph G L Lee, Brian Hitsman, Lisa Sanchez-Johnsen, Karriem Watson, Elizabeth Breen, Raymond Ruiz, Scout, Melissa A Simon, Marian Fitzgibbon, Laura C Hein, Robert Winn
The Society of Behavioral Medicine supports the inclusion of gender and sexual minorities in all local, state, and national tobacco prevention and control activities. These activities include surveillance of tobacco use and cessation activities, targeted outreach and awareness campaigns, increasing access to culturally appropriate tobacco use dependence treatments, and restricting disproportionate marketing to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender communities by the tobacco industry, especially for mentholated tobacco products...
January 27, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377104/chemical-composition-of-date-palm-phoenix-dactylifera-l-seed-oil-from-six-saudi-arabian-cultivars
#18
Imeddedine Arbi Nehdi, Hassen Mohamed Sbihi, Chin Ping Tan, Umer Rashid, Saud Ibrahim Al-Resayes
This investigation aimed to evaluate the chemical composition and physicochemical properties of seed oils from 6 date palm (Phoenix. dactylifera L.) cultivars (Barhi, Khalas, Manifi, Rezeiz, Sulaj, and Sukkari) growing in Saudi Arabia and to compare them with conventional palm olein. The mean oil content of the seeds was about 7%. Oleic acid (48.67%) was the main fatty acid, followed by lauric acid (17.26%), stearic acid (10.74%), palmitic acid (9.88%), and linolenic acid (8.13%). The mean value for free fatty acids content was 0...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374998/burn-survivors-near-death-experiences-a-qualitative-examination
#19
David Royse, Karen Badger
Persons who come close to death but survive catastrophic accidents sometimes report very vivid experiences during times when their survival was in doubt, when they were believed to be dead, and during resuscitation efforts. This qualitative study builds upon existing research on near-death experiences (NDEs) by focusing on the oral accounts from a sample of individuals with large and life-threatening burns. The NDE accounts were obtained from burn survivors attending the Phoenix Society's World Burn Congress and are similar to reports by notable researchers ( Greyson, 2003 ; Moody, 1975 ; Ring, 1980 ) while reflecting the uniqueness of the individual survivor's experiences...
January 1, 2018: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371416/bardoxolone-the-phoenix
#20
EDITORIAL
Robert D Toto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
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