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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663981/health-behaviors-among-low-income-hispanic-and-non-hispanic-white-women
#1
Donna M Winham, Shelly M Palmer, Traci L Armstrong Florian, Mack C Shelley
OBJECTIVES: We determined relationships between food behaviors and health-risk factors by acculturation among limited-income Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women. METHODS: Women aged 18-49 years were recruited from income-based programs in metro-Phoenix, Arizona. Self-administered surveys in English or Spanish included demographics, a 10-item food behavior checklist, health-risk factors, food security, and acculturation. Differences by 4 acculturation/ethnicity categories were assessed with chi-square and analysis of variance (ANOVA)...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663927/encapsulation-of-5-flurouracil-into-plga-nanofibers-and-enhanced-anticancer-effect-in-combination-with-ajwa-dates-extract-phoenix-dactylifera-l
#2
Fazal Khan, Musab Aldhahri, Mohammad Asif Hussain, Kalamegam Gauthaman, Adnan Memic, Adel Abuzenadah, Taha Kumosani, Elie Barbour, Nazeeh Shuja Alothmany, Rabah Wasil Aldhaheri
Side effects connected with chemotherapeutic agents used in cancer treatment has led to alternative modalities of combinatorial therapies in an attempt to reduce the drug dosage and associated risks. In the current study we evaluated the potential use of Ajwa Dates Extract (ADE), reported to have anti-cancer effects, as an adjuvant therapy in combination with 5-flurouracil (5FU) against the human-breast-adenocarcinoma cell line (MFC-7) in vitro. The effects of ADE alone and in combination with 5-FU were evaluated in terms of cell viability and cytotoxicity...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662977/handheld-skin-printer-in-situ-formation-of-planar-biomaterials-and-tissues
#3
Navid Hakimi, Richard Cheng, Lian Leng, Mohammad Sotoudehfar, Phoenix Qing Ba, Nazihah Bakhtyar, Saeid Amini-Nik, Marc G Jeschke, Axel Günther
We present a handheld skin printer that enables the in situ formation of biomaterial and skin tissue sheets of different homogeneous and architected compositions. When manually positioned above a target surface, the compact instrument (weight <0.8 kg) conformally deposits a biomaterial or tissue sheet from a microfluidic cartridge. Consistent sheet formation is achieved by coordinating the flow rates at which bioink and cross-linker solution are delivered, with the speed at which a pair of rollers actively translate the cartridge along the surface...
April 17, 2018: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651380/a-combined-pathway-of-organogenesis-and-somatic-embryogenesis-for-an-efficient-large-scale-propagation-in-date-palm-phoenix-dactylifera-l-cv-mejhoul
#4
Mouaad Amine Mazri, Reda Meziani, Ilham Belkoura, Boutaïna Mokhless, Souad Nour
An efficient regeneration system via a combined pathway of organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis was developed for date palm ( Phoenix dactylifera L.) cv. Mejhoul. Adventitious buds were obtained from shoot-tip explants with a frequency of 53.3% after 9 months of culture: 6 months on half-strength Murashige and Skoog (MS/2) medium containing 14.2 µM indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), 13.4 µM 1-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) and 0.5 µM 6-(dimethylallylamino) purine (2iP), and 3 months on MS/2 medium supplemented with 1...
April 2018: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642825/-investigation-of-carbapenemase-genes-and-molecular-epidemiology-of-enterobacteriaceae-strains-isolated-between-2010-2014-in-a-university-hospitals
#5
Hüseyin Haydar Kutlu, Ebru Us, Alper Tekeli
The worldwide spread of carbapenemase producing Enterobacteriaceae isolates has become a major threat of public health. This worrisome situation leads the development of new methods for carbapenemase screening, detection, prevention of spread and epidemiological data collection as mandatory. In this study, it was aimed to investigate existence and distribution of carbapenemase-encoding genes (CEGs) among carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae isolated from various clinical samples in Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ibni Sina Hospital, Central Microbiology Laboratory between June 2010-May 2014 and detect their clonal relationship...
January 2018: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629592/revision-of-failed-total-ankle-arthroplasty-to-a-hindfoot-fusion
#6
A A Ali, R A Forrester, P O'Connor, N J Harris
Aims The aim of this study was to present a series of patients with aseptic failure of a total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) who were treated with fusion of the hindfoot using a nail. Patients and Methods A total of 23 TAAs, in 22 patients, were revised for aseptic loosening and balloon osteolysis to a hindfoot fusion by a single surgeon (NH) between January 2012 and August 2014. The procedure was carried out without bone graft using the Phoenix, Biomet Hindfoot Arthrodesis Nail. Preoperative investigations included full blood count, CRP and ESR, and radiological investigations including plain radiographs and CT scans...
April 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626465/adjuvant-androgen-deprivation-therapy-following-prostate-total-cryoablation-in-high-risk-localized-prostate-cancer-patients-open-labeled-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Chung-Hsin Chen, Yeong-Shiau Pu
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy and safety profile of 12-month adjuvant androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) following total-gland cryoablation (TGC) in patients with high-risk localized prostate cancer (HRLPC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This open-label randomized trial included 38 HRLPC patients who received TGC between July 2011 and March 2013. Within 4 weeks after TGC, subjects were randomly assigned (1:1) to either the 12-month adjuvant ADT or non-adjuvant ADT group...
April 4, 2018: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625944/prophylactic-mechanisms-of-cucumis-melo-var-flexuosus-and-phoenix-dactylifera-fruit-extracts-against-diabetic-cardiomyopathy-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#8
Amna Ali Saddi, Azza Mostafa Mohamed, Abdulkader Mohamed Shaikh
The aim of this investigation was to study the antidiabetic impact of Cucumis melo var. flexuosus and/or Phoenix dactylifera fruit aqueous extracts and their mechanisms in repressing diabetes induced cardio-myopathy in diabetic rats. Type 2 diabetes was promoted in rats by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (30mg/kg body wight). C. flexuosus and P. dactylifera extracts (200mg/kg body weight, each) were ingested to diabetic rats daily for a month. The results showed that ingestion of either plant extract or their combination to diabetic rats significantly diminished the glucose level and boosted the insulin concentration in the blood...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618430/anti-proliferative-and-anti-inflammatory-activities-of-entophytic-penicillium-crustosum-from-phoenix-dactylifer
#9
Nael Abutaha, Abdelhabib Semlali, Almohannad Baabbad, Muhammed Al-Shami, Mohammad Alanazi, Muhammad A Wadaan
Natural sources have been and will remain an inspiration source for modern chemistry. The current study investigates the antiproliferative and anti-inflammatory action of the ethyl acetate fraction of Penicillium crustosum from Phoenix dactylifera. This paper reports the isolation of P. crustosum from leaves of P. dactylifera and the antiproliferative activities of ethyl acetate fraction on cancer cells. To reach this goal, the anti-proliferation and cytotoxicity effects were evaluated by MTT and LDH assay respectively...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607533/population-pharmacokinetics-of-voriconazole-and-cyp2c19-polymorphisms-for-optimizing-dosing-regimens-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#10
Xiao-Bin Lin, Zi-Wei Li, Miao Yan, Bi-Kui Zhang, Wu Liang, Feng Wang, Ping Xu, Da-Xiong Xiang, Xu-Biao Xie, Shao-Jie Yu, Gong-Bin Lan, Feng-Hua Peng
AIMS: To characterize the pharmacokinetics of voriconazole in renal transplant recipients and to identify factors significantly affecting pharmacokinetic parameters. Also to explore optimal dosing regimens for patients who developed invasive fungal infections. METHODS: A total of 105 patients (342 concentrations) were prospectively included in a population pharmacokinetic analysis. Nonlinear mixed effect models were developed with Phoenix NLME software. Dosing simulations were performed based on the final model...
April 1, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606465/ultrafiltration-and-thermal-processing-effects-on-maillard-reaction-products-and-biological-properties-of-date-palm-sap-syrups-phoenix-dactylifera-l
#11
Ines Makhlouf-Gafsi, Fatma Krichen, Riadh Ben Mansour, Abir Mokni, Assad Sila, Ali Bougatef, Christophe Blecker, Hamadi Attia, Souhail Besbes
The effect of ultrafiltration process and temperature concentration on MRPs content and antioxidant, antimicrobial and cytotoxic properties of date palm sap syrups were investigated. MRPs were analyzed by HPLC. Antioxidant activity was evaluated by reducing power and DPPH free radical and H2 O2 scavenging activities. Antimicrobial activity was evaluated by the agar disk diffusion method. In vitro cytotoxic activity was examined by cell proliferation assay. Date sap syrups displayed strong antioxidant activities which are correlated 5HMF and 2F contents...
August 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605096/reporting-identification-of-acinetobacter-spp-genomic-species-a-nationwide-proficiency-study-in-spain
#12
Felipe Fernández-Cuenca, María Tomás, Nuria Tormo, Concha Gimeno, Germán Bou, Álvaro Pascual
Acinetobacter baumannii is the most important genomic species of Acinetobacter from a clinical and epidemiological point of view. Nevertheless, genomic species other than A. baumannii are increasingly recognized as nosocomial pathogens. Molecular methods of identification (genotypic and proteomic assays) are more accurate and reliable and have greater discriminatory power than phenotypic methods. Eleven genomic species of Acinetobacter spp. (8 A. baumannii, 1 A. pittii, 1 A. nosocomialis and 1 A. lwoffii) with different antimicrobial resistance phenotypes and mechanisms of resistance to antimicrobial agents were sent to 48 participating Spanish centers to evaluate their ability for correct identification at the genomic species level...
March 28, 2018: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596001/identification-of-candidate-genes-involved-in-the-salt-tolerance-of-date-palm-phoenix-dactylifera-l-based-on-a-yeast-functional-bioassay
#13
Himanshu V Patankar, Ibtisam Al-Harrasi, Rashid Al-Yahyai, Mahmoud W Yaish
Although date palm is a relatively salt-tolerant plant, the molecular basis of this tolerance is complex and poorly understood. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the genes involved in salinity tolerance using a basic yeast functional bioassay. To achieve this, a date palm cDNA library was overexpressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells. The expression levels of selected genes that make yeast cells tolerant to salt were subsequently validated in the leaf and root tissues of date palm seedlings using a quantitative PCR method...
March 29, 2018: DNA and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582341/effect-of-dietary-inclusion-of-date-seed-phoenix-dactylifera-l-on-intake-digestibility-milk-production-and-milk-fatty-acid-profile-of-holstein-dairy-cows
#14
A Rezaeenia, A A Naserian, R Valizadeh, A M Tahmasbi, A Mokhtarpour
The objective of this experiment was to investigate the influence of ground date seed (GDS) on intake, digestibility, and milk yield and milk fatty acid (FA) composition of lactating Holstein cows. The experimental design was a 4 × 4 replicated Latin square with eight lactating dairy cows with an average milk production of 35.5 ± 1.5 kg and 75 ± 5 days in milk (DIM). Dairy cows were fed one of the four treatments contained 0, 2, 4, and 6% of diet dry matter (DM) GDS in replacement of wheat bran...
March 26, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573441/contemporary-microbiology-and-identification-of-corynebacteria-spp-causing-infections-in-human
#15
REVIEW
Aleksandra Anna Zasada, Ewa Mosiej
The Corynebacterium genus are bacteria of growing clinical importance. It is because of progress in medicine that result in growing population of immunocompromised patients and growing number of infections caused by opportunistic pathogens. A new infections caused by Corynebacterium species regarded previously as commensal microorganisms as well as infections caused by new Corynebacterium species are described. Parallel with changes in Corynebacteria infections the microbiological laboratory diagnostic possibilities are changing...
March 24, 2018: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557751/date-palm-phoenix-dactylifera-novel-findings-and-future-directions-for-food-and-drug-discovery
#16
Ali H El-Far, Babatunji Emmanuel Oyinloye, Masood Sepehrimanesh, Mahmoud A Gab Allah, Ibrahim Abu Reidah, Hazem M Shaheen, Iman Razeghian-Jahromi, Abd El-Wahab A Alsenosy, Ahmed E Noreldin, Soad K Al Jaouni, Shaker A Mousa
Phoenix dactylifera is a useful traditional medicinal plant, mainly the fruit is used, which is the edible part of the plant (Ajwa date). It is now considered to be a valuable source of natural medicinal products against various diseases. Phytochemical investigations have shown that the fruit contains anthocyanins, phenolics, sterols, carotenoids, and flavonoids. The fruits are a rich source of carbohydrates, vitamins, and proteins. P. dactylifera is considered as a complete diet because it also contains different fatty acids, amino acids, proteins, and steroidal substances...
March 19, 2018: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556580/salvage-image-guided-radiation-therapy-to-the-prostate-after-cryotherapy-failure
#17
Austin B Hopper, Ajay P S Sandhu, J Kellogg Parsons, Brent Rose, John P Einck
Purpose: Cryotherapy is an option for the primary treatment of localized prostate cancer, along with radical prostatectomy, external beam radiation therapy, and brachytherapy. Although it is known that local recurrence can occur in >20% of patients treated with primary cryotherapy, unfortunately there is a paucity of data on later salvage treatments. The use of external beam radiation therapy is an attractive option after cryotherapy failure, but there is little data on its efficacy and toxicity...
January 2018: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552710/gold-and-silver-nanoparticles-biomimetically-synthesized-using-date-palm-pollen-extract-induce-apoptosis-and-regulate-p53-and-bcl-2-expression-in-human-breast-adenocarcinoma-cells
#18
Hussaina Banu, N Renuka, S M Faheem, Raees Ismail, Vinita Singh, Zahra Saadatmand, Saad Sultan Khan, Kavya Narayanan, Alma Raheem, Kumpati Premkumar, Geetha Vasanthakumar
Recently, several attempts have been made to use the phytopharmaceuticals from plant extracts as reducing, capping and stabilizing agents for the biomimetic synthesis of various metal nanoparticles conjugated to the phytopharmaceuticals. These biogenic metal nanoparticles are non-toxic and can be used as contrast agents, drug delivery vehicles and photothermal agents for cancer therapy. Herein, we report the synthesis of both silver and gold nanoparticles using the pollen extract of Phoenix dactylifera (Date Palm), characterization using UV-visible spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, quantitation of phytochemicals capping the nanoparticles using Folin - Ciocalteu's method, cytotoxicity studies on MCF-7 breast cancer cells, cancer cell death analysis using fluorescent microscopy, and modulation of expression of the pro-apoptotic p53 and anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 proteins...
March 18, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551263/-salvage-cryotherapy-of-prostate-cancer-after-failed-external-radiotherapy-and-brachytherapy-morbidity-and-mid-term-oncological-results
#19
A Gevorgyan, J-F Hétet, M Robert, V Duchattelle-Dussaule, L Corno, I Boulay, H Baumert
OBJECTIVE: To study the oncologic and functional results of salvage cryotherapy after failure of external radiotherapy and brachytherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients treated by total salvage cryotherapy (3rd generation) in 2 centers (Groupe Hospitalier Saint-Joseph in Paris and Clinique Jule-Verne Nantes) in between January 2008 and April 2016 were included. The biochemical recurrence-free survival (BRFS) was calculated using the Phoenix criteria (PSA>nadir+2ng/mL)...
March 15, 2018: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543933/effect-of-standard-vs-dose-escalated-radiation-therapy-for-patients-with-intermediate-risk-prostate-cancer-the-nrg-oncology-rtog-0126-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Jeff M Michalski, Jennifer Moughan, James Purdy, Walter Bosch, Deborah W Bruner, Jean-Paul Bahary, Harold Lau, Marie Duclos, Matthew Parliament, Gerard Morton, Daniel Hamstra, Michael Seider, Michael I Lock, Malti Patel, Hiram Gay, Eric Vigneault, Kathryn Winter, Howard Sandler
Importance: Optimizing radiation therapy techniques for localized prostate cancer can affect patient outcomes. Dose escalation improves biochemical control, but no prior trials were powered to detect overall survival (OS) differences. Objective: To determine whether radiation dose escalation to 79.2 Gy compared with 70.2 Gy would improve OS and other outcomes in prostate cancer. Design, Setting, and Participants: The NRG Oncology/RTOG 0126 randomized clinical trial randomized 1532 patients from 104 North American Radiation Therapy Oncology Group institutions March 2002 through August 2008...
March 15, 2018: JAMA Oncology
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