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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549275/understanding-the-relationships-between-water-quality-recreational-fishing-practices-and-human-health-in-phoenix-arizona
#1
E Pulford, B A Polidoro, M Nation
Across the United States, recreational freshwater fisheries are not only an important leisure activity, but can also provide a relatively inexpensive source of protein in local diets. However, recreational freshwater fisheries are generally not well-monitored in terms of fish consumption vs. catch and release, nor are all recreational surface waters regularly monitored for the presence of potentially harmful contaminants in water or fishes. In six urban lakes that support recreational fisheries in Phoenix, Arizona, a majority of surveyed anglers reported eating recreationally caught fishes, even though they thought the water might be polluted...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536037/identification-of-molecular-targets-in-vulvar-cancers
#2
Marguerite L Palisoul, Mary M Mullen, Rebecca Feldman, Premal H Thaker
OBJECTIVES: To identify molecular alterations that contribute to vulvar cancer pathogenesis with the intent of identifying molecular targets for treatment. METHODS: After retrospective analysis of a database of molecularly-profiled gynecologic cancer patients, 149 vulvar cancer patients were included and tested centrally at a CLIA laboratory (Caris Life Sciences, Phoenix, AZ). Tests included one or more of the following: gene sequencing (Sanger or next generation sequencing [NGS]), protein expression (immunohistochemistry [IHC]), and gene amplification (C/FISH)...
May 20, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535932/charting-novel-allergens-from-date-palm-pollen-phoenix-sylvestris-using-homology-driven-proteomics
#3
Bodhisattwa Saha, Naren Pandey, Swati Gupta Bhattacharya
Pollen grains from Phoenix sylvestris (date palm), a commonly cultivated tree in India has been found to cause severe allergic diseases in an increasing percentage of hypersensitive individuals. To unearth its allergenic components, pollen protein were profiled by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis followed by immunoblotting with date palm pollen sensitive patient sera. Allergens were identified by MALDI-TOF/TOF employing a layered proteomic approach combining conventional database dependent search and manual de novo sequencing followed by homology-based search as Phoenix sylvestris is unsequenced...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533806/second-salvage-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy-for-radiorecurrent-prostate-cancer
#4
Metha Maenhout, Marco van Vulpen, Marinus Moerland, Max Peters, Richard Meijer, Maurice van den Bosch, Paul Nguyen, Steven Frank, Jochem van der Voort van Zyp
PURPOSE: Salvage treatments for localized radiorecurrent prostate cancer can be performed safely when a focal and image guided approach is used. Due to the low toxicity, the opportunity exists to investigate a second salvage treatment when a second locally recurrent prostate cancer occurs. Here, we describe a second salvage treatment procedure of 4 patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Four patients with a pathologically proven second local recurrence were treated in an outpatient magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided setting with a single fraction of 19 Gy focal high-dose-rate brachytherapy (HDR-BT)...
April 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525402/diagnosis-and-management-of-allergic-contact-dermatitis-in-children-common-allergens-that-can-be-easily-missed
#5
Sharon E Jacob, Nikoleta Brankov, Alastair Kerr
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Contact dermatitis is an economically burdensome pediatric disease, and it is important to know the top allergens that have remained as top offenders for over the last decade. RECENT FINDINGS: A comparative analysis of the 20-allergen screen was done against the current top 40 pediatric allergens, and it revealed that the 20-allergen screening series would have theoretically only captured 47.5% of the relevant contact allergens (52.5% failure to detect rate)...
May 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515843/emerging-concepts-in-alcoholic-hepatitis
#6
REVIEW
Phoenix Fung, Nikolaos Pyrsopoulos
Severe alcoholic hepatitis is implicated as a costly, worldwide public health issue with high morbidity and mortality. The one-month survival for severe alcoholic hepatitis is low with mortality rates high as 30%-50%. Abstinence from alcohol is the recommended first-line treatment. Although corticosteroids remain as the current evidence based option for selected patients with discriminant function > 32, improvement of short-term survival rate may be the only benefit. Identification of individuals with risk factors for the development of severe alcoholic hepatitis may provide insight to the diverse clinical spectrum and prognosis of the disease...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515807/external-validation-of-the-procars-nomograms-and-comparison-of-existing-risk-stratification-tools-for-localized-prostate-cancer
#7
David Tiberi, George Rodrigues, Tom Pickles, Jim Morris, Juanita Crook, Andre-Guy Martin, Fabio Cury, Charles Catton, Himu Lukka, Andrew Warner, Daniel Taussky
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to perform a direct comparison of several existing risk-stratification tools for localized prostate cancer in terms of their ability to predict for biochemical failure-free survival (BFFS). Two large databases were used and an external validation of two recently developed nomograms on an independent cohort was also performed in this analysis. METHODS: Patients who were treated with external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) and/or brachytherapy for localized prostate cancer were selected from the multi-institutional Genitourinary Radiation Oncologists of Canada (GUROC) Prostate Cancer Risk Stratification (ProCaRS) database (n=7974) and the Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM) validation database (n=2266)...
March 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515097/the-phoenix-rises-the-rebirth-of-cancer-immunotherapy
#8
Ivan M Blasutig, Sofia Farkona, Elizabeth I Buchbinder, Jason J Luke, Padmanee Sharma, Mario Sznol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504719/novel-myc-driven-medulloblastoma-models-from-multiple-embryonic-cerebellar-cells
#9
D Kawauchi, R J Ogg, L Liu, D J H Shih, D Finkelstein, B L Murphy, J E Rehg, A Korshunov, C Calabrese, F Zindy, T Phoenix, Y Kawaguchi, J Gronych, R J Gilbertson, P Lichter, A Gajjar, M Kool, P A Northcott, S M Pfister, M F Roussel
Group3 medulloblastoma (MBG3) that predominantly occur in young children are usually associated with MYC amplification and/or overexpression, frequent metastasis and a dismal prognosis. Physiologically relevant MBG3 models are currently lacking, making inferences related to their cellular origin thus far limited. Using in utero electroporation, we here report that MBG3 mouse models can be developed in situ from different multipotent embryonic cerebellar progenitor cells via conditional expression of Myc and loss of Trp53 function in several Cre driver mouse lines...
May 15, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503031/re-interpreting-narratives-of-childhood-language-brokering-over-time
#10
Marjorie Faulstich Orellana, Ann Phoenix
This article probes how childhood experiences are actively taken into adult lives and thus challenges the unwitting and unintentional reproduction of an adult-child binary in childhood studies. We do this by analyzing interviews with one adult daughter of immigrants from Mexico to the United States at four points in time (ages 19, 26, 27, and 33). Using narrative analysis to examine the mutability of memory, we consider how Eva oriented herself to her childhood story, what was salient and invisible in each recount, the values she associated with the practice, and the meanings she took from her experiences...
May 2017: Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501112/early-results-of-a-surgeon-led-perioperative-surgical-home
#11
Anathea C Powell, Marie S Thearle, Matthew Cusick, Dorothy Jensen Sanderson, Holly Van Lew, Candace Lee, Jennefer A Kieran
BACKGROUND: The Perioperative Surgical Home is a novel care model designed to provide patient-centered, high-quality surgical care. In 2013, we implemented POSH, a pilot Peri-Operative Surgical Home at Phoenix Indian Medical Center (PIMC), an Indian Health Service hospital, as a quality improvement project. After 2 y, we sought to quantify the impact of POSH on the quality of surgical care at PIMC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 33 surgical patients who underwent surgery at PIMC through the POSH process between 2013 and 2015 matched to 64 historical controls with similar operations...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488030/-125-i%C3%A2-brachytherapy-in-younger-prostate-cancer-patients-outcomes-in-low-and-intermediate-risk-disease
#12
Isabelle Kindts, Karin Stellamans, Ignace Billiet, Hans Pottel, Antoon Lambrecht
PURPOSE: To evaluate local recurrence in younger men treated with low-dose-rate (LDR) (125)I brachytherapy (BT) for localized prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 192 patients (≤65-years-old) were treated with LDR (125)I-BT ± hormone therapy. Local failure was defined as any prostate-specific antigen (PSA) rise leading to salvage treatment or biochemical failure according to the Phoenix definition. A bounce was defined as a rise in the nadir of ≥0...
May 9, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480436/studies-on-chemical-composition-and-antimicrobial-activities-of-bioactive-molecules-from-date-palm-phoenixdactylifera-l-pollens-and-seeds
#13
Najla Bentrad, Rabéa Gaceb-Terrak, Yamina Benmalek, Fatma Rahmania
BACKGROUND: Natural resources have been the crucial origin of chemical elements. They have been used in many traditions as alternative medicines. The chemical profiling of some plant extracts and essential oils related to different plants were followed to unveil their most active components. In this paper, Phoenix dactilyfera L was selected as a host plant to investigate the composition of different organs with different cultivars. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The antibacterial and antifungal activities of the extracts have been tested using different techniques, including optical density and GC/MS analyses of the natural extracts...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480429/ethnobotanical-survey-of-phoenix-dactylifera-l-pollen-used-for-the-treatment-of-infertility-problems-in-algerian-oases
#14
Cherifa Selmani, Djamila Chabane, Nadia Bouguedoura
BACKGROUND: The Phoenix dactylifera L. (date palm) is known for its traditional medicinal properties across the history of native population in Algerian Sahara. There is a large trend of consumption of date palm pollen preparations in many human infertility cases in our country. However, the validity has not been scientifically tested. There has been no direct scientific research on this application. This study was undertaken to identify cultivars with greater potential in the traditional medicine uses...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469420/in-silico-approach-for-characterization-and-comparison-of-repeats-in-the-genomes-of-oil-and-date-palms
#15
Jaire Alves Ferreira Filho, Lucas Soares de Brito, André Pereira Leão, Alexandre Alonso Alves, Eduardo Fernandes Formighieri, Manoel Teixeira Souza Júnior
Transposable elements (TEs) are mobile genetic elements present in almost all eukaryotic genomes. Due to their typical patterns of repetition, discovery, and characterization, they demand analysis by various bioinformatics software. Probably, as a result of the need for a complex analysis, many genomes publicly available do not have these elements annotated yet. In this study, a de novo and homology-based identification of TEs and microsatellites was performed using genomic data from 3 palm species: Elaeis oleifera (American oil palm, v...
2017: Bioinformatics and Biology Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463549/date-stones-of-phoenix-dactylifera-and-jujube-shells-of-ziziphus-lotus-as-potential-biosorbents-for-anionic-dye-removal
#16
Noureddine El Messaoudi, Abdellah Dbik, Mohammed El Khomri, Abderrahman Sabour, Safae Bentahar, Abdellah Lacherai
The aim of this work is to determine the removal of Congo red (CR) from solution aqueous using Date stones (DS) of Phoenix dactylifera and jujube shells (JS) of Ziziphus lotus as low-cost and eco-friendly biosorbents. Batch operations were carried out in the liquid phase to observe the effect of various experimental parameters such as contact time, pH, temperature and initial dye concentration on removal CR. The characteristics of the DS and JS were also examined by FTIR analysis. The biosorption data of CR on DS and JS samples were well fitted the Langmuir isotherm and pseudo-second kinetics model with a maximum biosorption amount of 45...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456051/determinants-of-single-family-residential-water-use-across-scales-in-four-western-us-cities
#17
Heejun Chang, Matthew Ryan Bonnette, Philip Stoker, Britt Crow-Miller, Elizabeth Wentz
A growing body of literature examines urban water sustainability with increasing evidence that locally-based physical and social spatial interactions contribute to water use. These studies however are based on single-city analysis and often fail to consider whether these interactions occur more generally. We examine a multi-city comparison using a common set of spatially-explicit water, socioeconomic, and biophysical data. We investigate the relative importance of variables for explaining the variations of single family residential (SFR) water uses at Census Block Group (CBG) and Census Tract (CT) scales in four representative western US cities - Austin, Phoenix, Portland, and Salt Lake City, - which cover a wide range of climate and development density...
April 26, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452107/neuroinvasive-st-louis-encephalitis-virus-infection-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients
#18
Carlos A Hartmann, Holenarasipur R Vikram, Maria T Seville, Robert Orenstein, Shimon Kusne, Janis E Blair, Thomas E Grys, Roberto L Patron
In the summer of 2015, 3 unrelated solid organ transplant recipients had meningoencephalitis suggestive of West Nile virus (WNV) infection in Phoenix, Arizona. Testing was inconclusive but was later confirmed as St. Louis encephalitis (SLE). We retrospectively reviewed clinical manifestations, treatment, and outcomes of these transplant recipients. Common symptoms were fever, rigors, diarrhea, headache, and confusion. One patient died 3 days after hospitalization. Therapy for the 2 patients was initiated with interferon alfa-2b (IFN) and intravenous immunoglobulin G (IVIG) (IFN+IVIG in combination)...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446575/evaluation-of-strepb-select-chromagar-and-the-fast-track-diagnostics-group-b-streptococcus-gbs-real-time-polymerase-chain-reaction-assay-compared-to-routine-culture-for-detection-of-gbs-during-antepartum-screening
#19
Deirdre L Church, Heather Baxter, Tracie Lloyd, Oscar Larios, Daniel B Gregson
Life-threatening infection in neonates due to Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is preventable by screening near-term pregnant women and treatment at delivery. 295 vaginal-rectal swabs were collected from women attending antepartum clinics in Calgary. GBS colonization was detected by the standard culture method (Strep B Carrot broth subbed to blood agar with a neomycin disk), and compared to recovery using Strep Group B Broth (Dalynn Biologicals) subbed to StrepB Select chromagar (CA) (Bio-Rad Laboratories), and the Fast Track Diagnostics GBS real-time PCR (qPCR) assay (Phoenix Airmid Biomedical Corp...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444601/somatic-embryogenesis-from-bud-and-leaf-explants-of-date-palm-phoenix-dactylifera-l-cv-najda
#20
Mouaad Amine Mazri, Ilham Belkoura, Reda Meziani, Boutaïna Mokhless, Souad Nour
An efficient regeneration system through somatic embryogenesis was developed for date palm cv. Najda. Adventitious bud and proximal leaf segments cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with various combinations of auxins and cytokinins induced embryogenesis after at least 6 months of culture. Somatic embryogenesis induction seemed correlated with the type of the explant, the induction period and the auxin used. The highest rate of somatic embryogenesis (86.0%) was obtained on bud explants cultured on MS medium supplemented with 45...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
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