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Atwa A Atwa
The fruit stalk borer (Oryctes elegans) is an important pest of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) trees in Saudi Arabia. This study was conducted to determine efficacy of using two species of entomopathogenic nematodes, Steinernema kushidai and Steinernema glaseri, against O. elegans under laboratory and field conditions. Under laboratory conditions, both species of nematodes showed a significant effect on the mortality of O. elegans larvae. Significant variations were observed when insects were exposed to nematodes for variable durations under laboratory conditions...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Insect Science
Phoenix K H Mo, Ting Ting Ko, Mei Qi Xin
Suicide is a leading cause of death in adolescence. School provides an effective avenue both for reaching adolescents and for gatekeeper training. This enables gatekeepers to recognize and respond to at-risk students and is a meaningful focus for the provision of suicide prevention. This study provides the first systematic review on the effectiveness of school-based gatekeeper training in enhancing gatekeeper-related outcomes. A total of 815 studies were identified through four databases (Ovid Medline, Embase, PsycINFO and ERIC) using three groups of keywords: 'school based', 'Suicide prevention programme' and 'Gatekeeper'...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
Ben J Bowles, Karolina Dziemidowicz, Felipe L Lopez, Mine Orlu, Catherine Tuleu, Andrew J Edwards, Terry B Ernest
Co-processed excipients may enhance functionality and reduce drawbacks of traditional excipients for the manufacture of tablets on a commercial scale. The following study aimed to characterise a range of co-processed excipients that may prove suitable for dispersible tablet formulations prepared by direct compression. Co-processed excipients were lubricated and compressed into 10.5-mm convex tablets using a Phoenix compaction simulator. Compression profiles were generated by varying the compression force applied to the formulation and the prepared tablets were characterised for hardness, friability, disintegration and fineness of dispersion...
June 18, 2018: AAPS PharmSciTech
Kate Keenan, Kristen Wroblewski, Phoenix A Matthews, Alison E Hipwell, Stephanie D Stepp
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether childhood body mass index (BMI), assessed in childhood, differs between lesbian/gay and bisexual (LGB) and heterosexual late adolescents, and whether childhood social stressors impact the association between sexual orientation and childhood BMI. METHODS: Participants included 2,070 late adolescents from the Pittsburgh Girls Study, of whom 233 (11.2%) identified as lesbian or bisexual and 1,837 (88.8%) as heterosexual at ages 17-20 years...
2018: PloS One
HueyTyng Lee, Agnieszka A Golicz, Philipp E Bayer, Anita Severn-Ellis, Chon-Kit Kenneth Chan, Jacqueline Batley, Gary A Kendrick, David Edwards
Seagrasses are marine angiosperms that live fully submerged in the sea. They evolved from land plant ancestors, with multiple species representing at least three independent return to the sea events. This raises the question whether these marine angiosperms followed the same adaptation pathway to allow them to live and reproduce under the hostile marine conditions. To compare the basis of marine adaptation between seagrass lineages, we generated genomic data for Halophila ovalis and compared this with recently published genomes for two members of Zosteraceae, as well as genomes of five non-marine plant species (Arabidopsis thaliana, Oryza sativa, Phoenix dactylifera, Musa acuminata, and Spirodela polyrhiza)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
Mengran Du, Jian Zhao, Jianxin Zhang, Joseph T F Lau, Phoenix K H Mo, Jinghua Li
HIV self-stigma in HIV positive men who have sex with men (HIVMSM) has been identified as one of the largest challenges of HIV prevention, and associates with numerous negative outcomes, including depression, decreased social support, and less condom use intentions. In the present study, 321 HIVMSM in Chengdu, China were recruited to examine the prevalence of condom use in the past months and intentions to use condoms in next six months; we also identify pathways between HIV self-stigma and intentions to use condoms by the structural equation modeling approach...
June 17, 2018: AIDS Care
Betty Titus Mathew, Shaima Raji, Sawsan Dagher, Ali Hilal-Alnaqbi, Abdel-Hamid Ismail Mourad, Sulaiman Al-Zuhair, Mahmoud Al Ahmad, Khaled Abbas El-Tarabily, Amr Amin
Background: Activated carbon (AC) is a common adsorbent that is used in both artificial and bioartificial liver devices. Methods: Three natural materials - date pits of Phoenix dactylifera (fruit), Simmondsia chinensis (jojoba) seeds, and Scenedesmus spp. (microalgae) - were used in the present investigation as precursors for the synthesis of AC using physical activation. The chemical structures and morphology of AC were analyzed. Then, AC's bilirubin adsorption capacity and its cytotoxicity on normal liver (THLE2) and liver cancer (HepG2) cells were characterized...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Jessica N Alvarez Guevara, Becky A Ball
Desert ecosystems are one of the fastest urbanizing areas on the planet. This rapid shift has the potential to alter the abundances and species richness of herbivore and plant communities. Herbivores, for example, are expected to be more abundant within urban desert remnant parks located within cities due to anthropogenic activities that concentrate food resources and reduce native predator populations. Despite this assumption, previous research conducted around Phoenix, AZ, USA has shown that top-down herbivory led to equally reduced plant biomass in both urban and outlying locations...
2018: PeerJ
M Quivrin, K Peignaux-Casasnovas, É Martin, M Rouffiac, D Thibouw, C Chevalier, N Vulquin, L Aubignac, G Truc, G Créhange
The treatment of local recurrence of a previously irradiated cancer or a second cancer arising in-field remains challenging. Ultimately, the objective of salvage therapy is to control disease while ensuring minimal collateral damage, thereby optimizing both cancer and toxicity outcomes. Reirradiation has historically been associated with unacceptable toxicity and a limited benefit. Brachytherapy offers the best dose distribution and a high radiation dose to the target volume while better protecting surrounding previously irradiated healthy tissues...
May 30, 2018: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
Dale C Alverson, Elizabeth A Krupinski, Kristine A Erps, Nancy S Rowe, Ronald S Weinstein
INTRODUCTION: As telemedicine and telehealth services are experiencing increasing rates of adoption, industry leaders and healthcare service providers are becoming increasingly focused on human resource issues encountered in the delivery of a broad range of telehealth services. To create a forum for the discussion of many interrelated elements of telehealth service industry, a national conference entitled "Telemedicine & Telehealth Service Provider Showcase" (SPS) Conference was established in 2014, and repeated in 2016 and 2017, in Arizona...
May 31, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Afrah E Mohammed, Alaa Al-Qahtani, Amal Al-Mutairi, Bashayir Al-Shamri, Kawther F Aabed
The provision of nanoparticles using biogenic material as a part of green chemistry is an attractive nanotechnology. The current research aimed to test the antimicrobial and cytotoxic efficacy of silver nanoparticles synthesized by extracts of Phoenix dactylifera , Ferula asafetida , and Acacia nilotica as reductant and stabilizing agents in silver nanoparticle formation. Synthesized nanoparticles were evaluated for their antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus (Gram-positive) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli (Gram-negative) using an agar well diffusion assay...
May 30, 2018: Nanomaterials
Yong Kee Choi, Anju Vasudevan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2018: Aging
Raghunandan Reddy Kura, Eswar Kumar Kilari, Mastan Shaik
Background: Concomitant drug administration is a general phenomenon in patients with chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus. Among the currently available oral antidiabetic drugs, gliclazide is a commonly prescribed drug considering its multiple benefits in diabetic patients. Aprepitant is a commonly prescribed antiemetic drug which is mainly metabolized by CYP3A4, reported to have modest inductive and inhibitory effects on CYP2C9 and CYP3A4, respectively. Since gliclazide is metabolized by CYP2C9 (major) and CYP3A4 (minor), it is very difficult to predict the influence of aprepitant and its metabolic interaction with gliclazide...
2018: PeerJ
Tânia da Silveira Agostini-Costa
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: According to previous ethno-medicinal reviews, Cocos nucifera, Elaeis guineensis and Phoenix dactylifera are among the main palms which are often used on the American and African continents to treat infections, infestations and disorders in the digestive, respiratory, genito-urinary, dermal, endocrine, cardiovascular, muscular-skeletal, mental and neural systems, as well as neoplasms, dental issues and metabolic and nutritional disorders. In addition, one or more species of the wild genera Acrocomia, Areca, Astrocaryum, Attalea, Bactris, Borassus, Calamus, Chamaedorea, Chamaerops, Euterpe, Hyphaene, Mauritia, Oenocarpus and Syagrus have a high number of records of these ethno-medicinal uses...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Liubov Volkova, C P Mick Meyer, Vanessa Haverd, Christopher J Weston
The increasing regional and global impact of wildfires on the environment, and particularly on the human population, is becoming a focus of the research community. Both fire behaviour and smoke dispersion models are now underpinning strategic and tactical fire management by many government agencies and therefore model accuracy at regional and local scales is increasingly important. This demands accuracy of all the components of the model systems, biomass fuel loads being among the more significant. Validation of spatial fuels maps at a regional scale is uncommon; in part due to the limited availability of independent observations of fuel loads, and in part due to a focus on the impact of model outputs...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Emily Jungmin Her, Hayley M Reynolds, Christopher Mears, Scott Williams, Clare Moorehouse, Jeremy L Millar, Martin Andrew Ebert, Annette Haworth
To provide recommendations for the selection of radiobiological parameters for prostate cancer treatment planning. Recommendations were based on validation of the previously published values, parameter estimation and a consideration of their sensitivity within a tumour control probability (TCP) model using clinical outcomes data from low-dose-rate (LDR) brachytherapy.
 Methods: The proposed TCP model incorporated radiosensitivity (α) heterogeneity and a non-uniform distribution of clonogens. The clinical outcomes data included 849 prostate cancer patients treated with LDR brachytherapy at four Australian centres between 1995 and 2012...
May 25, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Michael Chao, Sandra Spencer, Mario Guerrieri, Wei Ding, Mehran Goharian, Huong Ho, Michael Ng, Danielle Healey, Alwin Tan, Chee Cham, Daryl Lim Joon, Nathan Lawrentschuk, Douglas Travis, Shomik Sengupta, Yee Chan, Andrew Troy, Trung Pham, David Clarke, Peter Liodakis, Damien Bolton
Purpose: To report the 5-year biochemical relapse-free survival (BRFS), overall survival (OS), and long-term toxicity outcomes of patients treated with low-dose-rate (LDR) brachytherapy as monotherapy for low- to intermediate-risk prostate cancer. Material and methods: Between 2004 and 2011, 371 patients were treated with LDR brachytherapy as monotherapy. Of these, 102 patients (27%) underwent transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) prior to implantation...
April 2018: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
Susan A Chapman, Bethany J Phoenix, Talia E Hahn, Deborah C Strod
INTRODUCTION: Expanded insurance coverage through the Affordable Care Act and parity in behavioral health coverage have increased demand for services. Yet there is a persistent shortage in the behavioral health workforce. Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioners (PMHNPs) may be part of the solution to shortages but are not yet fully utilized. The purpose of this study was to describe how PMHNPs are utilized, identify barriers to full utilization, and assess PMHNPs' economic contribution in public behavioral health systems...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Evgeny A Idelevich, Dinah A Freeborn, Harald Seifert, Karsten Becker
Automated systems Vitek 2, BD Phoenix, MicroScan WalkAway and gradient diffusion assays Etest and MIC Test Strip were compared against broth microdilution for susceptibility testing of tigecycline against Acinetobacter baumannii. BD Phoenix and MIC Test Strip seemed to provide the most accurate determination of tigecycline susceptibility.
March 24, 2018: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
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