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G Hatiboglu, I V Popeneciu, M Deppert, J Nyarangi-Dix, B Hadaschik, M Hohenfellner, D Teber, S Pahernik
BACKGROUND: To evaluate quality of life, functional and oncological outcome after infravesical desobstruction and HIFU treatment for localized prostate cancer. METHODS: One hundred thirty-one patients, treated with TURP and HIFU in a single institution were followed up for oncological and functional outcome. Oncological outcome was quantified by biochemical recurrence free survival using the Stuttgart and Phoenix criteria. Quality of life was assessed by usage of standardized QLQ-C30 and QLQ-PR25 questionnaires...
January 11, 2017: BMC Urology
Hanen El Abed, Bassem Khemakhem, Imen Fendri, Mouna Chakroun, Mehdi Triki, Noureddine Drira, Hafedh Mejdoub
BACKGROUND: Phoenix dactylifera L. plays an important role in social, economic, and ecological Tunisian sectors. Some date palms produce parthenocarpic fruit named Sish. The objective of the present study is to extract biomolecules from parthenocarpic fruit by producing value-added products from the fruits. RESULTS: The optimization extraction of amylolytic activity from parthenocarpic fruit (AmyPF) was carried out using Box Behnken Design (BBD). A partial purification of about 250 folds with an activity yield of 47% was achieved...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Sebastien Crouzet, Andreas Blana, Francois J Murat, Gilles Pasticier, Stephen C W Brown, Giario N Conti, Roman Ganzer, Olivier Chapet, Albert Gelet, Christian G Chaussy, Cary N Robertson, Stefan Thuroff, John F Ward
OBJECTIVE: To report the oncological outcome of Salvage high-intensity focused ultrasound (S-HIFU) for locally recurrent prostate cancer (PCa) following External Beam Radiotherapy (EBRT) from a multicenter database. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study comprises patients from 9 centers with local recurrent disease following EBRT treated with S-HIFU from 1995 to 2009. Biochemical free survival rates (BFSR) was based on the "Phoenix" definition (nadir+2)...
January 7, 2017: BJU International
Akram Saad, Jeffrey Goldstein, Yaacov R Lawrence, Benjamin Spieler, Raya Leibowitz-Amit, Raanan Berger, Tima Davidson, Damien Urban, Lev Tsang, Dror Alezra, Ilana Weiss, Zvi Symon
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate outcomes in prostate cancer patients classified as high-risk (HR) or very high-risk (VHR) who were treated with conformal radiation therapy (CRT) and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). METHODS: Between 11/2001 and 3/2012, 203 patients with HR disease received CRT to the prostate (78-82 Gy) and pelvic lymph nodes (46-50 Gy) with ADT (6 m-2 years). Median follow-up was 50 months (12 m-142 m). Biochemical failure was defined according to Phoenix definition...
January 6, 2017: Radiation Oncology
Arafa I Hamed, Ridha Ben Said, Abdullah S Al-Ayed, Jaroslaw Moldoch, Usama A Mahalel, Ayman M Mahmoud, Hassan A Elgebaly, Andy J Perez, Anna Stochmal
A fingerprint of steroid saponins, the major constituent in 80% methanolic fraction from the male flowers of Phoenix dactylifera has been established. Under ESI-MS/MS conditions, the fragmentation patterns of [M - H](-) ions exclusively displayed signals corresponding to the cleavage of the glycosidic bonds, thus allowing a rapid identification of 21 steroidal saponins. Moreover, two unique among them conjugated with histidine were detected by LC-ESI (-)-MS and DFT and were given tentative names of 3-o-histidine-26-o-hexosyl-dioscin and 3-o-histidine-26-o-dihexosyl-hydroxydioscin...
January 4, 2017: Natural Product Research
Z Wen, J Wang, W Jiang, D O'Brien, G Sawakuchi, G Ibbott
PURPOSE: To investigate whether a strong magnetic field (B=1.5 T) can affect dose responses of thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs), optically stimulated luminescence dosimeters (OSLDs) and Gafchromic films using an MR-Linac (Elekta) before and after the magnet was ramped down from 1.5 T to 0 T. METHODS: Three types of dosimeters (TLDs, OSLDs, EBT3 films) were divided into two groups. Group 1 was first irradiated in a phantom of Solid Water slabs (Standard Imaging) inside a B=1...
June 2016: Medical Physics
M Sharifi, M Bashtani, A A Naserian, H Farhangfar
This study was conducted to examine the effect of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) seed (DPS) on the performance, ruminal fermentation, antioxidant status and milk fatty acid (FA) profile of dairy goats. Eight multiparous Saanen dairy goats, averaging 97 ± 7 days in milk (DIM) and 2150 ± 130 g of milk production, were used in a 4 × 4 replicated Latin square design. Experimental diets contained 0% (control), 6% (DPS6), 12% (DPS12) and 18% (DPS18) of DPS. Dry matter intake (DMI), milk production, and the composition and digestibility of the dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and crude protein (CP) were not affected by the diets...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Teeba M Darweesh, Muthanna J Ahmed
Carbonization of Phoenix dactylifera L stones followed by microwave K2CO3 activation was adopted for preparation of granular activated carbon (KAC). High yield and favorable pore characteristics in terms of surface area and pore volume were reported for KAC as follows: 44%, 852m(2)/g, and 0.671cm(3)/g, respectively. The application of KAC as adsorbent for attraction of ciprofloxacin (CIP) and norfloxacin (NOR) was investigated using fixed bed systems. The effect of flow rate (0.5-1.5ml/min), bed height (15-25cm), and initial drug concentration (75-225mg/l) on the behavior of breakthrough curves was explained...
December 29, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Neal N Sawlani, Robert A Harrington, Gregg W Stone, Ph Gabriel Steg, C Michael Gibson, Christian W Hamm, Matthew J Price, Jayne Prats, Efthymios N Deliargyris, Kenneth W Mahaffey, Harvey D White, Deepak L Bhatt
BACKGROUND: Cangrelor is a potent intravenous adenosine diphosphate-receptor antagonist that in the CHAMPION trials reduced the 48-hour and 30-day rates of ischemic events during percutaneous coronary intervention without an increase in severe bleeding. METHODS AND RESULTS: CHAMPION PCI (A Clinical Trial to Demonstrate the Efficacy of Cangrelor), CHAMPION PLATFORM (Cangrelor Versus Standard Therapy to Achieve Optimal Management of Platelet Inhibition), and CHAMPION PHOENIX (A Clinical Trial Comparing Cangrelor to Clopidogrel Standard Therapy in Subjects Who Require Percutaneous Coronary Intervention) were 3 randomized, double-blind, double-dummy trials in which cangrelor was compared with clopidogrel during percutaneous coronary intervention...
January 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
Samed Koc, Ozay Hasan Evren, Huseyin Cetin
BACKGROUND: The extracts of different parts of plants were found very effective against various pests. The aim of this research was to determine the insecticidal activity of fruit methanol extracts obtained from Melia azedarach (Meliaceae), Phoenix theophrasti (Arecaceae), Styphnolobium japonicum (Fabaceae) and Pyracantha coccinea (Rosaceae) against the larvae of Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae). METHODS: The fruits of test plants were collected from the Campus of Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey in 2013...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Hironori Yamaguchi, Hironori Ishigami, Joji Kitayama
Peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer remains a refractory disease, and the standard treatment strategy is still unclear. Intraperitoneally administered paclitaxel(PTX)remains in the intraperitoneal(IP)cavity for a long time and directly infiltrates peritoneal metastatic nodules, thereby producing antitumor effects. We designed an IP chemotherapy regimen of S-1 combined with weekly intravenous(IV)and IP PTXadministration. In our phase I study, the recommended dose of IP PTXwas determined to be 20mg/m2. In our phase II study for patients with P1(macroscopic peritoneal metastasis-positive)or CY1 (cytology-positive)gastric cancer, the 1-year overall survival(OS)rate was 78%and the median survival time(MST)was 23...
December 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Tomohiro Matsushima, Takeru Wakatsuki, Daisuke Takahari, Keisho Chin, Kensei Yamaguchi
The prognosis of unresectable or metastatic gastric cancer is poor. One of the reasons for this is peritoneal dissemination, which is often observed in gastric cancer. Here, we discuss some new therapeutic strategies, especially chemotherapeutic strategies, for peritoneal dissemination of gastric cancer. Occasionally, in cases of peritoneal dissemination, patients have severe ascites or bowel obstruction. For those who have such complications, treatment via chemotherapy including S-1, capecitabine, or cisplatin is inappropriate...
December 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Rosaley Prakaschandra, Datshana P Naidoo
: There is no current evidence available on the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in South African Asian Indians, who are at high risk for cardiovascular disease. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of the MetS in this group, between males and females, as well as in the different age-groups, using the harmonised criteria and determined the main components driving the development of MetS. DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited randomly selected community participants between the ages of 15 and 65 years, in the community of Phoenix, in KwaZulu-Natal...
December 15, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Xiang Gao, Fei Sun, David R Hodge
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effect of acculturation and Chinese traditionalism on elder mistreatment (EM) among Chinese American older adults. METHOD: We used a mixed method design in this 2-phase cross-sectional exploratory study conducted in the Phoenix metropolitan area. In Phase I, we conducted four focus groups to develop a culturally relevant EM assessment tool. In Phase II, we administered a survey incorporating this tool to 266 community-dwelling Chinese American older adults aged 60 and older...
December 20, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Irene Vuu, Lisa D Coles, Patricia Maglalang, Ilo E Leppik, Greg Worrell, Daniel Crepeau, Usha Mishra, James C Cloyd, Edward E Patterson
RATIONALE: Barriers to developing treatments for human status epilepticus include the inadequacy of experimental animal models. In contrast, naturally occurring canine epilepsy is similar to the human condition and can serve as a platform to translate research from rodents to humans. The objectives of this study were to characterize the pharmacokinetics of an intravenous (IV) dose of topiramate (TPM) in dogs with epilepsy and evaluate its effect on intracranial electroencephalographic (iEEG) features...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
Tomoyuki Makino, Sotaro Miwa, Kiyoshi Koshida
BACKGROUND: The Gleason grading system is a powerful predictor of prostate cancer (PCa) prognosis. Gleason scores (GS) of 8-10 are considered as a single high-risk grade category, and Gleason Pattern 5 (GP5) predicts biochemical recurrence. We report the clinical outcomes of patients treated with (125)I prostate brachytherapy for clinically localized PCa and prognosis in the presence or absence of GP5. METHODS: We enrolled 316 patients with T1c-T2N0M0 PCa and undergoing prostate brachytherapy treatment...
December 2016: Prostate International
Fahad Al-Asmari, Nilesh Nirmal, Mridusmita Chaliha, David Williams, Ram Mereddy, Kinnari Shelat, Yasmina Sultanbawa
Physico-chemical and microbial analyses of four commercial fresh date cultivars (Sukari, Barhi, Khalas and Rothana) grown in Saudi Arabia were evaluated. Colorimetric assay indicated that Sukari had the highest total sugar content of 13.21g/100gFW while the lowest was in Rothana with 7.96g/100gFW. Total phenolic content (TPC) ranged from 76.74 to 122.20mgGAE/100gFW in Barhi and Rothana respectively, whereas antioxidant activity was highest in Sukari (105.99μgGAE/gFW) and lowest in Khalas (90.81μgGAE/gFW)...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Shyamal Patel, D Jeffrey Demanes, Omar Ragab, Mingle Zhang, Darlene Veruttipong, Kristine Nguyen, Sang-June Park, Leonard Marks, Allan Pantuck, Michael Steinberg, Mitchell Kamrava
PURPOSE: Outcomes using high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy monotherapy (without androgen deprivation therapy or external beam radiation therapy) for National Comprehensive Cancer Network-defined intermediate-risk (IR) patients are limited. We report our long-term data using HDR monotherapy for this patient population. METHODS AND MATERIALS: One-hundred ninety IR prostate cancer patients were treated 1996-2013 with HDR monotherapy. Biochemical prostate-specific antigen (PSA) failure was per the Phoenix definition...
December 10, 2016: Brachytherapy
Mokhtar Ali Amrani, Vadali V S S Srikanth, Nitin K Labhsetwar, Ahmed S Al-Fatesh, Hamid Shaikh
In this study, an environmentally friendly, cost-effective, and single-step procedure is used for the synthesis of polycrystalline Cu2O particles with controlled morphologies. Simple sugars are extracted from date fruit pulp (Phoenix dactylifera) and used as a reducing agent for the formation of Cu2O particles in aqueous medium. The feasibility of this solution is compared with the standard glucose solution. The Cu2O particles are characterized by electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, optical absorption and Raman scattering techniques...
2016: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
Yael Kusne, Paul Kang, Robert E Fintelmann
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of topical prednisolone acetate 1% (PA) used after routine cataract surgery to the effect of difluprednate 0.05% (DFBA) used for the same indication on intraocular pressure (IOP). METHODS: An electronic query was created to gather information from all cataract surgeries between January 2010 and January 2015 within the electronic health record database at Barnet Dulaney Perkins, a multicenter, multiphysician private practice in Phoenix, Arizona...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
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