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arizona mental health

Meg Bruening, Irene van Woerden, Michael Todd, Melissa N Laska
BACKGROUND: To examine longitudinal associations between food insecurity (FI) and health behaviors/outcomes among a diverse sample of university freshmen. METHODS: Freshman students (n = 1138; 65% female; 49% non-white) participating in the Social impact of Physical Activity and nutRition in College study completed surveys on health behaviors and had height/weight measured up to 4 times (T1-T4) in Arizona during 2015-2016. Structural equation models were estimated to determine if, after adjusting for covariates, FI predicted concurrent behaviors/outcomes and subsequent behaviors/outcomes...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Diane E Grise, Tara Peyman, Jeffrey Langland
Context • Research on the schizophrenia spectrum is primarily focused on pharmaceutical interventions, although alternative treatments have been gaining increasing popularity in recent years because patients are seeking treatments that are effective and have reduced side effects. A significant body of evidence already exists supporting the effectiveness of homeopathy to treat a wide array of illnesses. Objective • The research team intended to demonstrate the need for using both alternative and conventional treatments to improve clinical outcomes in the treatment of schizoaffective disorder...
October 2, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Ana Claudia Corrêa de Ornelas Maia, Jenny Sanford, Hannah Boettcher, Antonio E Nardi, David Barlow
Patients with multiple mental disorders often experience sexual dysfunction and reduced quality of life. The unified protocol (UP) is a transdiagnostic treatment for emotional disorders that has the potential to improve quality of life and sexual functioning via improved emotion management. The present study evaluates changes in quality of life and sexual functioning in a highly comorbid sample treated with the UP in a group format. Forty-eight patients were randomly assigned to either a UP active-treatment group or a medication-only control group...
October 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Mirko Manchia, Giorgio Firinu, Bernardo Carpiniello, Federica Pinna
BACKGROUND: Severe mental illness (SMI) has considerable excess morbidity and mortality, a proportion of which is explained by cardiovascular diseases, caused in part by antipsychotic (AP) induced QT-related arrhythmias and sudden death by Torsade de Point (TdP). The implementation of evidence-based recommendations for cardiac function monitoring might reduce the incidence of these AP-related adverse events. To investigate clinicians' adherence to cardiac function monitoring before and after starting AP, we performed a retrospective assessment of 434 AP-treated SMI patients longitudinally followed-up for 5 years at an academic community mental health center...
March 31, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
Adriana A Zuniga-Teran, Barron J Orr, Randy H Gimblett, Nader V Chalfoun, David P Guertin, Stuart E Marsh
Neighborhood design affects lifestyle physical activity, and ultimately human wellbeing. There are, however, a limited number of studies that examine neighborhood design types. In this research, we examine four types of neighborhood designs: traditional development, suburban development, enclosed community, and cluster housing development, and assess their level of walkability and their effects on physical activity and wellbeing. We examine significant associations through a questionnaire (n = 486) distributed in Tucson, Arizona using the Walkability Model...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Brian Downer, Amit Kumar, Sreenivas P Veeranki, Hemalkumar B Mehta, Mukaila Raji, Kyriakos S Markides
OBJECTIVES: To create a risk index (Mexican American Dementia Nomogram (MADeN)) that predicts dementia over a 10-year period for Mexican Americans aged 65 and older. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study with longitudinal analysis. SETTING: Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, and California. PARTICIPANTS: Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly (H-EPESE) participants (n = 1,739). MEASUREMENTS: Dementia was defined as a decline of three or more points per year on the Mini-Mental State Examination and inability to perform one or more daily activities...
December 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Leah Dierking, Kyriakos Markides, Soham Al Snih, M Kristen Peek
OBJECTIVES: To determine predictors of fear of falling in older Mexican Americans over time. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Community-dwelling residents throughout California, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and Texas. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling Mexican Americans aged 72 and older participating in the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly from 2000-01 to 2010-11 (N = 1,682)...
December 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Cynthia M Stonnington, Betty Darby, Angela Santucci, Pamela Mulligan, Patricia Pathuis, Andrea Cuc, Joseph G Hentz, Nan Zhang, David Mulligan, Amit Sood
Solid organ and stem cell transplant patients and their caregivers report a substantial level of distress. Mindfulness-based stress reduction has been shown to alleviate distress associated with transplant, but there is limited experience in this population with other mindfulness-based interventions, or with combined transplant patient and caregiver interventions. We evaluated a novel, 6-week mindfulness-based resilience training (MBRT) class for transplant patients and their caregivers that incorporates mindfulness practice, yoga, and neuroscience of stress and resilience...
November 2016: Clinical Transplantation
Paul R Smokowski, Roderick A Rose, Martica Bacallao, Katie L Cotter, Caroline B R Evans
OBJECTIVES: Despite high prevalence rates and evidence that acculturation is associated with adolescent behavioral and mental health in Latino youth, little research has focused on aggressive behavior for this population. The aim of the current study was to fill this research gap by examining the influence of several aspects of family functioning, including parent-adolescent conflict, parent worry, and parent marital adjustment, on aggression among Latino adolescents. METHOD: Data come from the Latino Acculturation and Health Project (LAHP), a longitudinal investigation of acculturation in Latino families in North Carolina and Arizona...
January 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Alessandro Oteri, Giampiero Mazzaglia, Serena Pecchioli, Mariam Molokhia, Sinna Pilgaard Ulrichsen, Lars Pedersen, Elisabetta Poluzzi, Fabrizio De Ponti, Edeltraut Garbe, Tania Schink, Ron Herings, Irene D Bezemer, Miriam C J M Sturkenboom, Gianluca Trifirò
INTRODUCTION: Antipsychotic drugs (APDs) are used to treat several mental illnesses. Some APDs have long been known to be associated with QT prolongation, potentially leading to torsades de pointes (TdP) and sudden cardiac death (SCD). In 2005, thioridazine was withdrawn because of the risk of SCD, bringing further attention to the arrhythmogenic potential of APDs. AIM: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the use of APDs in five European countries during the years 1996-2010...
August 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Deborah L Christensen, Jon Baio, Kim Van Naarden Braun, Deborah Bilder, Jane Charles, John N Constantino, Julie Daniels, Maureen S Durkin, Robert T Fitzgerald, Margaret Kurzius-Spencer, Li-Ching Lee, Sydney Pettygrove, Cordelia Robinson, Eldon Schulz, Chris Wells, Martha S Wingate, Walter Zahorodny, Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD). PERIOD COVERED: 2012. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEM: The Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network is an active surveillance system that provides estimates of the prevalence and characteristics of ASD among children aged 8 years whose parents or guardians reside in 11 ADDM Network sites in the United States (Arkansas, Arizona, Colorado, Georgia, Maryland, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Utah, and Wisconsin)...
April 1, 2016: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
Ali Kheradmand, Zahra Amini Ranjbar, Zahra Zeynali, Abdol Reza Sabahy, Nouzar Nakhaee
BACKGROUND: Methadone maintenance has remained the main modality of treatment for opioid dependent subjects. Side effects of methadone treatment may be potential obstacles to its continuation. Sleep quality and sexual function are two culture-based concerns, directly related to patients' compliance with methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) program. OBJECTIVES: This research was conducted to examine the frequency of sleep disparity and sexual dysfunction in patients under MMT referring to MMT clinics of Kerman, Iran...
December 2015: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
Valerie Williams, Clément François, Natalya Danchenko, Lauren Nelson, Nicole Williams, Stuart Yarr, Dana DiBenedetti, Christrophe Lançon
OBJECTIVE: A new patient-reported outcome (PRO) measure developed to assess the impact of major depressive disorder (MDD) on partner and family interactions and quality of relationships, the Depression and Family Functioning Scale (DFFS), was analyzed to establish its reliability, validity, and responsiveness. METHODS: Data from a multi-center, prospective, 2-year observational study were analyzed to assess the psychometric properties of the DFFS in patients with MDD (nBaseline = 478; nMonth2 = 433)...
2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Gilberto Gerra, Matteo Manfredini, Lorenzo Somaini, Icro Maremmani, Claudio Leonardi, Claudia Donnini
A variety of studies evidenced a relationship between drug use disorders and sexual dysfunction. In particular, heroin and opioid agonist medications to treat heroin dependence have been found to be associated with erectile dysfunction and reduced libido. Controversial findings also indicate the possibility of factors other than the pharmacological effects of opioid drugs concurring to sexual dysfunction. With the present study, we investigated the link between sexual dysfunction and long-term exposure to opioid receptor stimulation (heroin dependence, methadone maintenance treatment, methadone dosage), the potentially related hormonal changes reflecting hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal axis function and prolactin (PRL) pituitary release, the role of adverse childhood experiences in the clinical history and the concomitant symptoms of comorbid mental health disorders in contributing to sexual problems...
2016: European Addiction Research
Alan N West, William B Weeks, Mary E Charlton
PURPOSE: To understand how vouchers for non-VHA care of VHA-enrolled veterans might affect rural enrollees, we determined how much enrollees use VHA and non-VHA inpatient care, and whether this use varies substantially between rural and urban residents depending on state of residence. METHODS: For veterans listed in the 2007 VHA enrollment file as living in Arizona, Iowa, Louisiana, Tennessee, Florida, South Carolina, Pennsylvania, or New York, we merged 2004-2007 administrative discharge data for all VHA hospitalizations with all non-VHA hospitalizations listed in state health department or hospital association databases...
October 9, 2015: Journal of Rural Health
Caleb Korngold, Kristen Ochoa, Talia Inlender, Dale McNiel, Renée Binder
Most immigrant detainees held in U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) facilities do not have legal representation, because immigration proceedings are a matter of civil, not criminal, law. In 2005, Mr. Franco, an immigrant from Mexico with an IQ between 35 and 55, was found incompetent to stand trial, but was not appointed an attorney for his immigration proceedings. This failure led to a class action lawsuit, known as the Franco litigation, and in April 2013, a federal judge ordered the U. S. government to provide legal representation for immigrant detainees in California, Arizona, and Washington who are incompetent to represent themselves due to a mental disorder or defect...
September 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
Patricia M Herman, Maia Ingram, Heather Rimas, Scott Carvajal, Charles E Cunningham
We used a discrete-choice conjoint experiment to model the mental health services preferences of patients of a federally-qualified health center serving a primarily low-income, Hispanic farmworker population in southwestern Arizona. The two attributes that had the largest influence on patient choices (i.e., received the highest importance scores) were where patients receive these services and the language and cultural awareness of the provider who prescribed their treatment. Simulations indicated that the clinic could substantially improve its patients' welfare with even a single change...
September 2016: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Rebecca Crocker
It is increasingly argued that social and economic inequities poorly affect overall health. One of the means through which these inequities are translated to the body is via negative emotions, which carry known psychological and physiological responses. This paper examines migration-related psychosocial stressors impacting first-generation Mexican immigrants in southern Arizona, and reports on the primary emotional experiences immigrants associate with these stressors. Data were drawn from a qualitative, ethnographic study conducted over the course of 14 months during 2013-2014 with first-generation Mexican immigrants (N = 40) residing in Tucson Arizona and service providers working directly in the immigrant community (N = 32)...
2015: Frontiers in Public Health
Luis Arturo Valdez, Brent A Langellier
BACKGROUND: Mental health issues are a rapidly increasing problem in the US. Little is known about mental health and healthcare among Arizona's Hispanic population. METHODS: We assess differences in mental health service need, mental health diagnoses, and illicit drug use among 7,578 White and Hispanic participants in the 2010 Arizona Health Survey. RESULTS: Prevalence of mild, moderate, or severe psychological distress was negatively associated with SES among both Whites and Hispanics...
2015: Frontiers in Public Health
Elizabeth Salerno Valdez, Luis A Valdez, Samantha Sabo
Since October 2013, US Customs and Border Patrol has apprehended 15,979 families on the Southwest Border of the US. Daily, migrating women and children from Mexico and Central America that qualify for humanitarian parole are released from immigration detention to a humanitarian aid organization in Southern Arizona. After several days in detention facilities, these families arrive tired, hungry, dehydrated, and with minimal direction regarding their final destination, and adherence to the parameters of their parole...
2015: Frontiers in Public Health
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