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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927898/cost-analysis-of-3-concurrent-public-health-response-events-financial-impact-of-measles-outbreak-super-bowl-surveillance-and-ebola-surveillance-in-maricopa-county
#1
J Mac McCullough, Nicole Fowle, Tammy Sylvester, Melissa Kretschmer, Aurimar Ayala, Saskia Popescu, Jolie Weiss, Bob England
OBJECTIVE: To generate estimates of the direct costs of mounting simultaneous emergency preparedness and response activities to respond to 3 major public health events. DESIGN: A cost analysis was performed from the perspective of the public health department using real-time activity diaries and retrospective time and activity self-reporting, wage and fringe benefit data, and financial records to track costs. SETTING: Maricopa County Department of Public Health (MCDPH) in Arizona...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902199/parental-attitudes-and-perceptions-associated-with-childhood-vaccine-exemptions-in-high-exemption-schools
#2
Heidi L Pottinger, Elizabeth T Jacobs, Steven D Haenchen, Kacey C Ernst
Previous work demonstrates that individuals who obtain exemptions from school immunization requirements are geographically clustered, making regional differences in vaccination coverage a significant concern. Even where exemption levels are high, there are still parents that vaccinate. School-level assessments have determined that exemptors are more likely to attend wealthier schools with fewer minorities. Few studies have assessed divergent opinions within the context of a higher-exemption community to examine subtle differences in opinion surrounding vaccinations...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868041/deploying-a-proximal-sensing-cart-to-identify-drought-adaptive-traits-in-upland-cotton-for-high-throughput-phenotyping
#3
Alison L Thompson, Kelly R Thorp, Matthew Conley, Pedro Andrade-Sanchez, John T Heun, John M Dyer, Jeffery W White
Field-based high-throughput phenotyping is an emerging approach to quantify difficult, time-sensitive plant traits in relevant growing conditions. Proximal sensing carts represent an alternative platform to more costly high-clearance tractors for phenotyping dynamic traits in the field. A proximal sensing cart and specifically a deployment protocol, were developed to phenotype traits related to drought tolerance in the field. The cart-sensor package included an infrared thermometer, ultrasonic transducer, multi-spectral reflectance sensor, weather station, and RGB cameras...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742523/barriers-and-facilitators-to-intraorganizational-collaboration-in-public-health-relational-coordination-across-public-health-services-targeting-individuals-and-populations
#4
J Mac McCullough, Eileen Eisen-Cohen, Breanne Lott
BACKGROUND: Modern public health emphasizes population-focused services, which may require collaborative work both across and within organizations. Studies have explored interorganizational collaborations, but there are little data regarding collaborations within public health organizations. PURPOSE: We measured intraorganizational collaboration and identified barriers and facilitators to collaboration within a large public health department through a mixed-methods study...
May 9, 2018: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554591/prevalence-of-gabapentin-in-drug-overdose-postmortem-toxicology-testing-results
#5
Svetla Slavova, Alison Miller, Terry L Bunn, Jessica R White, David Kirschke, Tom Light, Daniel Christy, Gary Thompson, Ruth Winecker
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to establish and compare baseline data on the prevalence of gabapentin identified through postmortem toxicology testing among drug overdose decedents in several geographically diverse states/jurisdictions with differing levels of drug overdose fatality burdens in 2015. METHODS: Death certificates and postmortem toxicology result reports from five U.S. jurisdictions were used to identify residents who died from drug overdoses in year 2015 and to calculate prevalence rates of gabapentin in postmortem toxicology by jurisdiction...
May 1, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519623/demographic-features-of-patients-with-concomitant-facial-fractures-and-closed-head-injuries-in-maricopa-arizona
#6
Malcolm Harris, Tara Brantley, Douglas Hammond, Sabah Kalamchi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the demographic profile of Native American patients with concomitant facial fractures and closed head injuries (CHIs) and to explore the validation of the craniofacial crumple zone. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective, observational, case-control study of 2131 maxillofacial fractures from 2010 to 2014, of which 173 (8%) had concomitant CHIs. RESULTS: Of the study patients, 133 (77%) were males (mean age 40...
January 31, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451814/variability-in-asthma-quality-and-costs-in-children-with-different-medicaid-insurance-plans-in-maricopa-county
#7
Matthew Rank, Natalie Landman, Gevork Harootunian, Michelle Winscott, Neil Jain, Keith Frey, Gena Wilson, Rupali Drewek, Lilia Parra-Roide, Charlton Wilson, Robert Smoldt, Denis Cortese
OBJECTIVE: To describe the variation in asthma quality and costs among children with different Medicaid insurance plans. METHODS: We used 2013 data from the Center for Health Information and Research, which houses a database that includes individuals who have Medicaid insurance in Arizona. We analyzed children ages 2-17 years-old who lived in Maricopa County, Arizona. Asthma medication ratio (AMR, a measure of appropriate asthma medication use), outpatient follow-up within 2 weeks after asthma-related hospitalization (a measure of continuity of care), asthma-related hospitalizations, and all emergency department (ED) visits were the primary quality metrics...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417368/pilot-study-of-a-novel-partnership-for-installing-smoke-alarms
#8
Elise C Omaki, Shannon Frattaroli, Wendy C Shields, Eileen M McDonald, Nicholas Rizzutti, Meri-K Appy, Denise Voiles, Shelly Jamison, Andrea C Gielen
Objectives To demonstrate the feasibility of partnering fire department personnel and home visiting nurses to increase the number of low-income homes protected by smoke alarms. Methods During a regularly scheduled home visit, nurses at the Nurse-Family Partnership of Maricopa County (NFP) informed their clients about an opportunity to have smoke alarms installed in their homes for free. For interested families, nurses sent a referral to the Phoenix Fire Department (PFD), scheduled an appointment, and accompanied the PFD volunteers during the installation...
February 7, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415107/nitrogen-management-affects-nitrous-oxide-emissions-under-varying-cotton-irrigation-systems-in-the-desert-southwest-usa
#9
Kevin F Bronson, Doug J Hunsaker, Clinton F Williams, Kelly R Thorp, Sharette M Rockholt, Stephen J Del Grosso, Rodney T Venterea, Edward M Barnes
Irrigation of food and fiber crops worldwide continues to increase. Nitrogen (N) from fertilizers is a major source of the potent greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (NO) in irrigated cropping systems. Nitrous oxide emissions data are scarce for crops in the arid western United States. The objective of these studies was to assess the effect of N fertilizer management on NO emissions from furrow-irrigated, overhead sprinkler-irrigated, and subsurface drip-irrigated cotton ( L.) in Maricopa, AZ, on Trix and Casa Grande sandy clay loam soils...
January 2018: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377720/campylobacter-and-ethnicity-a-case-case-analysis-to-determine-differences-in-disease-presentation-and-risk-factors
#10
Kristen Pogreba-Brown, Erika Barrett
BACKGROUND: Rates of Campylobacter infection in Arizona have historically been higher than the national average, with the highest rates in Hispanic populations. The purpose of this retrospective case-case analysis was to determine how risk factors and disease presentation differ by ethnicity (Hispanic vs. Non-Hispanic) in cases of campylobacteriosis from 2012 to 2015 in Maricopa County, Arizona. METHODS: Basic demographics and seasonality, including standardized morbidity ratios (SMRs), were analyzed to determine differences by ethnicity...
January 29, 2018: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369723/chlamydia-psittaci-in-feral-rosy-faced-lovebirds-agapornis-roseicollis-and-other-backyard-birds-in-maricopa-county-arizona-usa
#11
Robert J Dusek, Anne Justice-Allen, Barbara Bodenstein, Susan Knowles, Daniel A Grear, Laura Adams, Craig Levy, Hayley D Yaglom, Valerie I Shearn-Bochsler, Paula G Ciembor, Christopher R Gregory, Denise Pesti, Branson W Ritchie
  In 2013, a mortality event of nonnative, feral Rosy-faced Lovebirds ( Agapornis roseicollis) in residential backyards in Maricopa County, Arizona, US was attributed to infection with Chlamydia psittaci. In June 2014, additional mortality occurred in the same region. Accordingly, in August 2014 we sampled live lovebirds and sympatric bird species visiting backyard bird feeders to determine the prevalence of DNA and the seroprevalence of antibodies to C. psittaci using real-time PCR-based testing and elementary body agglutination, respectively...
April 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341124/metric-assessment-of-the-pubic-bone-using-known-and-novel-data-points-for-sex-estimation
#12
Kathleen A S Blake, Kristen Hartnett-McCann
Biological sex estimation of skeletal remains is essential in forensic and archaeological analyses. Anthropologists most often use the pelvis, which is the most sexually dimorphic element both morphologically and metrically. While nonmetric pubic bone features have been studied extensively, few metric studies have examined this individual bone for dimorphism. For this study, three observers examined three previously identified and ten novel measurements of the pubic body on a modern sample of isolated pubic bones from the Maricopa County Forensic Science Center (FSC), in Phoenix, Arizona (n = 400)...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341070/personality-changes-during-the-transition-from-cognitive-health-to-mild-cognitive-impairment
#13
Richard J Caselli, Blake T Langlais, Amylou C Dueck, Bruce R Henslin, Travis A Johnson, Bryan K Woodruff, Charlene Hoffman-Snyder, Dona E C Locke
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Behavioral problems in individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD) impose major management challenges. Current prevention strategies are anchored to cognitive outcomes, but behavioral outcomes may provide another, clinically relevant opportunity for preemptive therapy. We sought to determine whether personality changes that predispose to behavioral disorders arise during the transition from preclinical AD to mild cognitive impairment (MCI). DESIGN: Longitudinal observational cohort study...
April 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037243/gardening-in-the-desert-a-spatial-optimization-approach-to-locating-gardens-in-rapidly-expanding-urban-environments
#14
Elizabeth A Mack, Daoqin Tong, Kevin Credit
BACKGROUND: Food access is a global issue, and for this reason, a wealth of studies are dedicated to understanding the location of food deserts and the benefits of urban gardens. However, few studies have linked these two strands of research together to analyze whether urban gardening activity may be a step forward in addressing issues of access for food desert residents. METHODS: The Phoenix, Arizona metropolitan area is used as a case to demonstrate the utility of spatial optimization models for siting urban gardens near food deserts and on vacant land...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828960/survey-of-intestinal-parasitism-in-dogs-in-the-phoenix-metropolitan-area
#15
Heather N Cornell, Peter R O'Neal, Valerie M Wong, Donald L Noah
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of selected intestinal parasites in pet dogs and recently apprehended free-roaming (AFR) shelter dogs in the Phoenix metropolitan area and compare those prevalences between the 2 groups. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SAMPLE Convenience samples of fecal specimens from owned pet dogs from the Phoenix metropolitan area (n = 175) and free-roaming dogs apprehended and admitted to Maricopa County Animal Care and Control and Arizona Humane Society facilities from November 2014 through March 2015 (188)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805253/temporal-association-of-implementation-of-the-arizona-health-care-cost-containment-system-ahcccs-with-changes-in-dental-related-emergency-department-visits-in-maricopa-county-from-2006-to-2012
#16
Ahmed Mohamed, Brooke Alhanti, Mac McCullough, Kate Goodin, Kirsten Roling, Larry Glickman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in emergency department (ED) dental-related visits in Maricopa County before and after the elimination of dental benefits for adult Medicaid-insured patients as of October 2010. METHODS: Hospital visits extracted from a hospital discharge dataset were used to calculate a yearly rate ratio of dental-related versus non-dental-related ED visits (as a comparison group) for adults, children, and payer types. Changes in ED visits over time were evaluated from 2006 to 2012...
December 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727681/notes-from-the-field-cluster-of-acute-flaccid-myelitis-in-five-pediatric-patients-maricopa-county-arizona-2016
#17
Sally A Iverson, Scott Ostdiek, Siru Prasai, David M Engelthaler, Melissa Kretschmer, Nicole Fowle, Harlori K Tokhie, Janell Routh, James Sejvar, Tracy Ayers, Jolene Bowers, Shane Brady, Shannon Rogers, W Allan Nix, Ken Komatsu, Rebecca Sunenshine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692392/evaluation-of-a-novel-syndromic-surveillance-query-for-heat-related-illness-using-hospital-data-from-maricopa-county-arizona-2015
#18
Jessica R White, Vjollca Berisha, Kathryn Lane, Henri Ménager, Aaron Gettel, Carol R Braun
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated a novel syndromic surveillance query, developed by the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE) Heat Syndrome Workgroup, for identifying heat-related illness cases in near real time, using emergency department and inpatient hospital data from Maricopa County, Arizona, in 2015. METHODS: The Maricopa County Department of Public Health applied 2 queries for heat-related illness to area hospital data transmitted to the National Syndromic Surveillance Program BioSense Platform: the BioSense "heat, excessive" query and the novel CSTE query...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545417/community-level-characteristics-and-environmental-factors-of-child-respiratory-illnesses-in-southern-arizona
#19
Nathan Lothrop, Khaleel Hussaini, Dean Billheimer, Paloma Beamer
BACKGROUND: Lower respiratory illnesses (LRIs) and asthma are common diseases in children <5 years of age. Few studies have investigated the relationships between multiple, home-based social and environmental risk factors and asthma and LRIs in children. Of those that have, none have focused exclusively on children <5 years of age, who are more physiologically vulnerable and spend more time at home compared to older children. Further, no studies have done so at the community level...
May 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135726/the-relationships-among-exposure-to-violence-psychological-distress-and-gun-carrying-among-male-adolescents-found-guilty-of-serious-legal-offenses-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#20
Joan A Reid, Tara N Richards, Thomas A Loughran, Edward P Mulvey
Background: Gun violence and psychological problems are often conflated in public discourse on gun safety. However, few studies have empirically assessed the effect of exposure to violence when exploring the association between gun carrying and psychological distress. Objective: To examine the potential effect of exposure to violence on the associations between gun carrying and psychological distress among vulnerable adolescents. Design: Longitudinal cohort study...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
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