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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037243/gardening-in-the-desert-a-spatial-optimization-approach-to-locating-gardens-in-rapidly-expanding-urban-environments
#1
Elizabeth A Mack, Daoqin Tong, Kevin Credit
BACKGROUND: Food access is a global issue, and for this reason, a wealth of studies are dedicated to understanding the location of food deserts and the benefits of urban gardens. However, few studies have linked these two strands of research together to analyze whether urban gardening activity may be a step forward in addressing issues of access for food desert residents. METHODS: The Phoenix, Arizona metropolitan area is used as a case to demonstrate the utility of spatial optimization models for siting urban gardens near food deserts and on vacant land...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828960/survey-of-intestinal-parasitism-in-dogs-in-the-phoenix-metropolitan-area
#2
Heather N Cornell, Peter R O'Neal, Valerie M Wong, Donald L Noah
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of selected intestinal parasites in pet dogs and recently apprehended free-roaming (AFR) shelter dogs in the Phoenix metropolitan area and compare those prevalences between the 2 groups. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SAMPLE Convenience samples of fecal specimens from owned pet dogs from the Phoenix metropolitan area (n = 175) and free-roaming dogs apprehended and admitted to Maricopa County Animal Care and Control and Arizona Humane Society facilities from November 2014 through March 2015 (188)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805253/temporal-association-of-implementation-of-the-arizona-health-care-cost-containment-system-ahcccs-with-changes-in-dental-related-emergency-department-visits-in-maricopa-county-from-2006-to-2012
#3
Ahmed Mohamed, Brooke Alhanti, Mac McCullough, Kate Goodin, Kirsten Roling, Larry Glickman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in emergency department (ED) dental-related visits in Maricopa County before and after the elimination of dental benefits for adult Medicaid-insured patients as of October 2010. METHODS: Hospital visits extracted from a hospital discharge dataset were used to calculate a yearly rate ratio of dental-related versus non-dental-related ED visits (as a comparison group) for adults, children, and payer types. Changes in ED visits over time were evaluated from 2006 to 2012...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727681/notes-from-the-field-cluster-of-acute-flaccid-myelitis-in-five-pediatric-patients-maricopa-county-arizona-2016
#4
Sally A Iverson, Scott Ostdiek, Siru Prasai, David M Engelthaler, Melissa Kretschmer, Nicole Fowle, Harlori K Tokhie, Janell Routh, James Sejvar, Tracy Ayers, Jolene Bowers, Shane Brady, Shannon Rogers, W Allan Nix, Ken Komatsu, Rebecca Sunenshine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692392/evaluation-of-a-novel-syndromic-surveillance-query-for-heat-related-illness-using-hospital-data-from-maricopa-county-arizona-2015
#5
Jessica R White, Vjollca Berisha, Kathryn Lane, Henri Ménager, Aaron Gettel, Carol R Braun
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated a novel syndromic surveillance query, developed by the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE) Heat Syndrome Workgroup, for identifying heat-related illness cases in near real time, using emergency department and inpatient hospital data from Maricopa County, Arizona, in 2015. METHODS: The Maricopa County Department of Public Health applied 2 queries for heat-related illness to area hospital data transmitted to the National Syndromic Surveillance Program BioSense Platform: the BioSense "heat, excessive" query and the novel CSTE query...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545417/community-level-characteristics-and-environmental-factors-of-child-respiratory-illnesses-in-southern-arizona
#6
Nathan Lothrop, Khaleel Hussaini, Dean Billheimer, Paloma Beamer
BACKGROUND: Lower respiratory illnesses (LRIs) and asthma are common diseases in children <5 years of age. Few studies have investigated the relationships between multiple, home-based social and environmental risk factors and asthma and LRIs in children. Of those that have, none have focused exclusively on children <5 years of age, who are more physiologically vulnerable and spend more time at home compared to older children. Further, no studies have done so at the community level...
May 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135726/the-relationships-among-exposure-to-violence-psychological-distress-and-gun-carrying-among-male-adolescents-found-guilty-of-serious-legal-offenses-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#7
Joan A Reid, Tara N Richards, Thomas A Loughran, Edward P Mulvey
Background: Gun violence and psychological problems are often conflated in public discourse on gun safety. However, few studies have empirically assessed the effect of exposure to violence when exploring the association between gun carrying and psychological distress. Objective: To examine the potential effect of exposure to violence on the associations between gun carrying and psychological distress among vulnerable adolescents. Design: Longitudinal cohort study...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066890/undocumented-border-crosser-deaths-in-arizona-expanding-intrastate-collaborative-efforts-in-identification
#8
Julie M Fleischman, Ashley E Kendell, Christen C Eggers, Laura C Fulginiti
Undocumented Border Crosser (UBC) deaths in Arizona are a major issue faced by medicolegal authorities. Currently, the Maricopa County Office of the Medical Examiner (MCOME) is in possession of over two hundred unidentified individuals, more than half of whom are presumed to be UBCs. The primary goal of this study was to address the growing number of UBC deaths in Maricopa County in order to provide a more comprehensive picture of this important anthropological issue within the state of Arizona. Of the 107 total UBC cases evaluated for the study, the majority were male and age estimates for all individuals were between 15 to 60 years old...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871919/motivational-interviewing-to-promote-long-acting-reversible-contraception-in-postpartum-teenagers
#9
Kristl Tomlin, Tammalynn Bambulas, Maureen Sutton, Vanessa Pazdernik, Dean V Coonrod
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine if teenage patients receiving prenatal care in an adolescent-focused clinic, emphasizing long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) using motivational interviewing techniques, had higher rates of uptake of postpartum LARC than a control group. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cohort study comparing young women who received prenatal care in an adolescent-focused setting with those enrolled in standard prenatal care. PARTICIPANTS: Adolescents between the ages of 13 and 17 years receiving prenatal care within the Maricopa Integrated Health safety-net system between 2007 and 2014...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822625/where-are-weather-suicide-associations-valid-an-examination-of-nine-us-counties-with-varying-seasonality
#10
P Grady Dixon, Adam J Kalkstein
There has been much research on the associations between weather variables and suicide rates. However, the state of understanding has remained rather stagnant due to many contradictory findings. The purpose of this project is to examine a larger database of suicides that includes a longer and more recent period of record (1975-2010) across numerous locations in the USA. In all, we examine nine total counties (and the primary city associated with them) with a special effort made to compare locations with varying degrees of temperature seasonality: Cook (Chicago), Fulton (Atlanta), King (Seattle), Los Angeles (Los Angeles), Maricopa (Phoenix), Miami-Dade (Miami), Philadelphia (Philadelphia), Salt Lake (Salt Lake City), and St...
November 7, 2016: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772674/geolocalization-of-influenza-outbreak-within%C3%A2-an%C3%A2-acute-care-population-a-layered-surveillance-approach
#11
Vijay Christopher Kannan, Nicole Hodgson, Andrew Lau, Kate Goodin, Andrea Freyer Dugas, Frank LoVecchio
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We seek to use a novel layered-surveillance approach to localize influenza clusters within an acute care population. The first layer of this system is a syndromic surveillance screen to guide rapid polymerase chain reaction testing. The second layer is geolocalization and cluster analysis of these patients. We posit that any identified clusters could represent at-risk populations who could serve as high-yield targets for preventive medical interventions. METHODS: This was a prospective observational surveillance study...
November 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583525/heat-death-associations-with-the-built-environment-social-vulnerability-and-their-interactions-with-rising-temperature
#12
David P Eisenman, Holly Wilhalme, Chi-Hong Tseng, Mikhail Chester, Paul English, Stephanie Pincetl, Andrew Fraser, Sitaram Vangala, Satvinder K Dhaliwal
In an extreme heat event, people can go to air-conditioned public facilities if residential air-conditioning is not available. Residences that heat slowly may also mitigate health effects, particularly in neighborhoods with social vulnerability. We explored the contributions of social vulnerability and these infrastructures to heat mortality in Maricopa County and whether these relationships are sensitive to temperature. Using Poisson regression modeling with heat-related mortality as the outcome, we assessed the interaction of increasing temperature with social vulnerability, access to publicly available air conditioned space, home air conditioning and the thermal properties of residences...
September 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516082/mortality-and-transmissibility-patterns-of-the-1957-influenza-pandemic-in-maricopa-county-arizona
#13
April J Cobos, Clinton G Nelson, Megan Jehn, Cécile Viboud, Gerardo Chowell
BACKGROUND: While prior studies have quantified the mortality burden of the 1957 H2N2 influenza pandemic at broad geographic regions in the United States, little is known about the pandemic impact at a local level. Here we focus on analyzing the transmissibility and mortality burden of this pandemic in Arizona, a setting where the dry climate was promoted as reducing respiratory illness transmission yet tuberculosis prevalence was high. METHODS: Using archival death certificates from 1954 to 1961, we quantified the age-specific seasonal patterns, excess-mortality rates, and transmissibility patterns of the 1957 H2N2 pandemic in Maricopa County, Arizona...
August 11, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411474/partnership-capacity-for-community-health-improvement-plan-implementation-findings-from-a-social-network-analysis
#14
J Mac McCullough, Eileen Eisen-Cohen, S Bianca Salas
BACKGROUND: Many health departments collaborate with community organizations on community health improvement processes. While a number of resources exist to plan and implement a community health improvement plan (CHIP), little empirical evidence exists on how to leverage and expand partnerships when implementing a CHIP. The purpose of this study was to identify characteristics of the network involved in implementing the CHIP in one large community. The aims of this analysis are to: 1) identify essential network partners (and thereby highlight potential network gaps), 2) gauge current levels of partner involvement, 3) understand and effectively leverage network resources, and 4) enable a data-driven approach for future collaborative network improvements...
July 13, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346168/impact-of-personality-on-cognitive-aging-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Richard J Caselli, Amylou C Dueck, Dona E C Locke, Bruce R Henslin, Travis A Johnson, Bryan K Woodruff, Charlene Hoffman-Snyder, Yonas E Geda
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the association between personality factors and age-related longitudinal cognitive performance, and explore interactions of stress-proneness with apolipoprotein E (APOE) ɛ4, a prevalent risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: A total of 510 neuropsychiatrically healthy residents of Maricopa County recruited through media ads (mean age 57.6±10.6 years; 70% women; mean education 15.8±2.4 years; 213 APOE ɛ4 carriers) had neuropsychological testing every 2 years (mean duration follow-up 9...
August 2016: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314657/public-health-surveillance-strategies-for-mass-gatherings-super-bowl-xlix-and-related-events-maricopa-county-arizona-2015
#16
Aurimar Ayala, Vjollca Berisha, Kate Goodin, Kristen Pogreba-Brown, Craig Levy, Benita McKinney, Lia Koski, Sara Imholte
Super Bowl XLIX took place on February 1, 2015, in Glendale, Arizona. In preparation for this event and associated activities, the Maricopa County Department of Public Health (MCDPH) developed methods for enhanced surveillance, situational awareness, and early detection of public health emergencies. Surveillance strategies implemented from January 22 to February 6, 2015, included enhanced surveillance alerts; animal disease surveillance; review of NFL clinic visits; syndromic surveillance for emergency room visits, urgent care facilities, and hotels; real-time onsite syndromic surveillance; all-hazards mortality surveillance; emergency medical services surveillance, review of poison control center reports; media surveillance; and aberration detection algorithms for notifiable diseases...
May 2016: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27263178/association-between-asthma-hospital-visits-and-ozone-concentration-in-maricopa-county-arizona-2007-2012
#17
Ahmed Mohamed, Kate Goodin, Ronald Pope, Mark Hubbard, Michael Levine
The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of asthma hospital visits with ozone concentrations in Maricopa County, Arizona. We used time plots and distributed lag nonlinear models to achieve these objectives while accounting for some potential confounders including temperature and day of the week. A total of 90,381 asthma hospitalizations were retrieved from the dataset (daily median = 39, range: 8-122). Asthma hospitalizations were highest in 2008 (16,949), during the months of November through December, and lowest in 2011 (13,213), during the months of June through July...
May 2016: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27196262/use-of-the-historical-limits-method-to-detect-increases-in-primary-and-secondary-syphilis-arizona-2011-2014-an-exploratory-study
#18
Joe Robert Mireles, Roxanne Ereth, Tom Mickey, Richard May, Melanie M Taylor
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of reported primary and secondary (P&S) syphilis cases in the United States suggest the need for improved surveillance methods. An outbreak detection method using reported syphilis test results, which can be counted before the conclusion of a syphilis case investigation, could lead to timelier outbreak detection. METHODS: The historical limits comparison method was used to compare the number of positive rapid plasma reagin results reported during 2011-2014 with data for the preceding 3 years...
June 2016: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26957663/timing-of-clinical-billing-reimbursement-for-a-local-health-department
#19
J Mac McCullough
OBJECTIVES: A major responsibility of a local health department (LHD) is to assure public health service availability throughout its jurisdiction. Many LHDs face expanded service needs and declining budgets, making billing for services an increasingly important strategy for sustaining public health service provision. Yet, little practice-based data exist to guide practitioners on what to expect financially, especially regarding timing of reimbursement receipt. This study provides results from one LHD on the lag from service delivery to reimbursement receipt...
March 2016: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26691293/effect-of-gun-carrying-on-perceptions-of-risk-among-adolescent-offenders
#20
Thomas A Loughran, Joan A Reid, Megan Eileen Collins, Edward P Mulvey
OBJECTIVES: We observed how perceptions of risks, costs, crime rewards, and violence exposure change as individual gun-carrying behavior changes among high-risk adolescents. METHODS: We analyzed a longitudinal study (2000-2010) of serious juvenile offenders in Maricopa County, Arizona, or Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, assessing within-person changes in risk and reward perceptions, and violence exposure as individuals initiated or ceased gun carrying. RESULTS: Despite being associated with heightened exposure to violence, gun carrying was linked to lower perceptions of risks and costs and higher perceived rewards of offending...
February 2016: American Journal of Public Health
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