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Roy Davidovitch, Abraham Goch, Adam Driesman, Sanjit Konda, Christian Pean, Kenneth Egol
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of liposomal bupivacaine compared to placebo for post-operative pain control in patients undergoing operative fixation of ankle fractures. DESIGN: Prospective single blinded randomized control trial SETTING:: Academic Medical CenterPatients/Participants: After IRB approval, seventy-six patients who sustained an acute ankle fracture (OTA 44A-C) requiring operative fixation met inclusion criteria. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups, control (local intra-operative sterile saline injection under general anesthesia) or interventional (local intra-operative liposomal bupivacaine and bupivacaine injection under general anesthesia)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Adam L Bromberg, Jeremy A Dennis, Karina Gritsenko
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With the increasing number of ambulatory surgeries being performed, regional anesthesia has become an increasingly popular anesthetic modality, and many choices exist to provide efficient, effective quality perioperative analgesia. In this paper, we will review the various regional anesthesia options in addition to the advantages and disadvantages of each. Lastly, we will discuss liposomal bupivicaine, a long acting local anesthetic, and its future role in the anesthesiologist's armamentarium...
March 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Catherine Vandepitte, Max Kuroda, Richard Witvrouw, Ludwig Anne, Johan Bellemans, Kristoff Corten, Pascal Vanelderen, Dieter Mesotten, Ine Leunen, Micheline Heylen, Sam Van Boxstael, Monika Golebiewski, Marc Van de Velde, Nebojsa Nick Knezevic, Admir Hadzic
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We examined whether liposome bupivacaine (Exparel) given in the interscalene brachial plexus block lowers pain in the setting of multimodal postoperative pain management for major shoulder surgery. METHODS: Fifty-two adult patients were randomized to receive either 5 mL of 0.25% bupivacaine HCl immediately followed by 10 mL of liposome bupivacaine 133 mg (n = 26) or 15 mL of 0.25% standard bupivacaine alone (n = 26) in interscalene brachial plexus block...
May 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Brian D Terrien, David Espinoza, Charles C Stehman, Gabriel A Rodriguez, Nicholas C Connolly
A 24-year-old female with a history of ulcerative colitis underwent colectomy. The patient received an ineffective transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block with liposome bupivacaine (Exparel) intraoperatively and was started on a hydromorphone patient-controlled analgesia 5 hours after the TAP block, which did not relieve her pain. A continuous thoracic epidural (CTE) was then placed after blood levels of bupivacaine were drawn, and the patient immediately experienced significant pain relief. The combined use of liposome bupivacaine and bupivacaine CTE infusion in the postoperative management of this patient demonstrated no safety concerns, provided excellent analgesia and plasma concentrations of bupivacaine remained far below toxic levels...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
Aparna Rege, Harold Leraas, Deepak Vikraman, Kadiyala Ravindra, Todd Brennan, Tim Miller, Julie Thacker, Debra Sudan
INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) recovery after major abdominal surgery can be delayed from an ongoing need for narcotic analgesia thereby prolonging hospitalization. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is a multimodal perioperative care pathway designed to facilitate early recovery after major surgery by maintaining preoperative body composition and physiological organ function and modifying the stress response induced by surgical exposure. Enhanced recovery programs (ERPs) in colorectal surgery have decreased the duration of postoperative ileus and the hospital stay while showing equivalent morbidity, mortality, and readmission rates in comparison to the traditional standard of care...
November 22, 2016: Curēus
José R Soberón, T Michael Truxillo, Christin C Gethers, Taylor A Smith, William E Davis
BACKGROUND: Digital ischemia is associated with several rheumatologic disorders and is often difficult to treat. Symptoms and sequelae can include pain, disability, need for amputation, and poor quality of life. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with digital ischemia were referred for an ultrasound-guided axillary nerve block using liposomal bupivacaine (Exparel, Pacira Pharmaceuticals). The primary outcome measure was radial and ulnar artery diameter preprocedure and postprocedure...
2016: Ochsner Journal
José R Soberón, William Ericson-Neilsen, Leslie E Sisco-Wise, Mariella Gastañaduy, David E Beck
BACKGROUND: Upper extremity surgery is commonly performed in the ambulatory setting and is associated with moderate to severe postoperative pain. METHODS: Patients scheduled for upper extremity orthopedic surgery with a peripheral nerve block were randomized to receive either an ultrasound-guided single-injection supraclavicular block or ultrasound-guided median, ulnar, and radial nerve blocks (forearm blocks) performed at the level of the mid to proximal forearm with liposomal bupivacaine (Exparel) combined with a short-acting supraclavicular block...
2016: Ochsner Journal
Kristy Bultema, Sara Fowler, Melissa Drum, Al Reader, John Nusstein, Mike Beck
INTRODUCTION: In the treatment of patients with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis, endodontic debridement is a predictable method to relieve pain. However, there are clinical situations in which emergency care cannot be provided immediately. An unexplored treatment option in these cases may be the use of a long-acting anesthetic to reduce pain in untreated irreversible pulpitis. Some medical studies have shown potential for infiltrations of liposomal bupivacaine (Exparel; Pacira Pharmaceuticals, San Diego, CA) to prolong pain relief and reduce opioid use postoperatively...
December 2016: Journal of Endodontics
Krishna S Vyas, Sibi Rajendran, Shane D Morrison, Afaaf Shakir, Samir Mardini, Valerie Lemaine, Maurice Y Nahabedian, Stephen B Baker, Brian D Rinker, Henry C Vasconez
BACKGROUND: Management of postoperative pain often requires multimodal approaches. Suboptimal dosages of current therapies can leave patients experiencing periods of insufficient analgesia, often requiring rescue therapy. With absence of a validated and standardized approach to pain management, further refinement of treatment protocols and targeted therapeutics is needed. Liposomal bupivacaine (Exparel) is a longer acting form of traditional bupivacaine that delivers the drug by means of a multivesicular liposomal system...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Brandon Glenn, Melissa Drum, Al Reader, Sara Fowler, John Nusstein, Mike Beck
INTRODUCTION: Medical studies have shown some potential for infiltrations of liposomal bupivacaine (Exparel; Pacira Pharmaceuticals, San Diego, CA), a slow-release bupivacaine solution, to extend postoperative benefits of numbness/pain relief for up to several days. Because the Food and Drug Administration has approved Exparel only for infiltrations, we wanted to evaluate if it would be effective as an infiltration to control postoperative pain. The purpose of this study was to compare an infiltration of bupivacaine with liposomal bupivacaine for postoperative numbness and pain in symptomatic patients diagnosed with pulpal necrosis experiencing moderate to severe preoperative pain...
September 2016: Journal of Endodontics
Constantinos Ketonis, Nayoung Kim, Frederic Liss, Benjamin Zmistowski, Jonas Matzon, Charles Leinberry, Mark Wang, Christopher Jones, Jack Abboudi, William Kirkpatrick, Asif M Ilyas
BACKGROUND: Local anesthetics are routinely used in hand surgery for procedures such as trigger finger releases (TFRs). However, little is known as to the difference in efficacy and patient experience with various local anesthetics. We prospectively evaluated the efficacy of Lidocaine (L), Marcaine (M), and Exparel (E) to elucidate differences in pain scores and opioid consumption between these groups. METHODS: All consecutive TFR performed over a 6-month period in 2014 at our institution were divided to receive Lidocaine, Marcaine, or Marcaine with postoperative Exparel...
June 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
C S Kirkness, C V Asche, J Ren, K Gordon, P Maurer, B Maurer, B T Maurer
OBJECTIVE: Perioperative pain management is an important aspect of recovery from total knee arthroplasty (TKA) because severe pain can delay ambulation and hospital discharge. The objective of this retrospective sequential cohort study was to determine the impact of local infiltration analgesia using liposome bupivacaine (Exparel (1) ) when compared with a continuous femoral nerve block (FNB) following TKA. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included consecutive patients who underwent TKA between April 2011 and April 2014, and received one of three interventions...
July 18, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
José Raul Soberón, Leslie E Sisco-Wise, Ross M Dunbar
Acute compartment syndrome is a condition that may result in sensorimotor deficits and loss of function of the affected limb as a result of ischemic injury. It is considered a surgical emergency and prompt diagnosis and treatment results in more favorable outcomes. The use of regional anesthesia is controversial in patients at risk for compartment syndrome due to concern of its potential to mask symptoms of the condition. A 44-year-old African American male presented to surgery for open reduction and internal fixation of a comminuted distal radius fracture...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Ajay Premkumar, Heather Samady, Harris Slone, Regina Hash, Spero Karas, John Xerogeanes
BACKGROUND: Local anesthetics are commonly administered into surgical sites as a part of multimodal pain control regimens. Liposomal bupivacaine is a novel formulation of bupivacaine designed for slow diffusion of a single dose of local anesthetic over a 72-hour period. While early results are promising in various settings, no studies have compared pain management regimens containing liposomal bupivacaine to traditional regimens in patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction...
July 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Roger H Emerson, John W Barrington, Oluseun Olugbode, Scott Lovald, Heather Watson, Kevin Ong
Multimodal wound infiltration analgesic techniques have attracted growing interest for applications in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). A benefit of using wound infiltration instead of femoral nerve block (FNB) in a multimodal pain control regimen is the limitation of muscle strength impairment to the surgical area, which will focus the pain control effort and may provide the opportunity for easier rehabilitation and earlier discharge from the hospital. The current study directly compares patients undergoing TKA who are given a continuous FNB with those who were administered an injection of liposomal bupivacaine infiltration...
May 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Adam J Oppenheimer, Thomas G S Fiala, Daniel C Oppenheimer
BACKGROUND: Pain control following abdominoplasty is a major source of concern for the patient and surgeon alike. Pain pumps and opiate medications are currently the frontline therapies. With the following technique, Exparel (liposomal bupivacaine, 72-hour duration of action) has been used for transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks under direct visualization during abdominoplasty with the goal of improving pain control during the early and intermediate recovery period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this pilot study, 13 consecutive patients were treated with the direct, fascial-splitting technique to reach the TAP plane...
November 5, 2015: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Kamal G Khalil, Mina L Boutrous, Adel D Irani, Charles C Miller, Timothy R Pawelek, Anthony L Estrera, Hazim J Safi
BACKGROUND: Postthoracotomy pain is quite intense. Epidural analgesia (EPI) has long been the gold standard but is often associated with hypotension and urinary retention. The recent availability of liposomal bupivacaine formulation (Exparel) stimulated us to use it for multilevel intercostal nerve blocks (IB) injected during open thoracotomy. METHODS: We reviewed the records of 85 patients who had open thoracotomies for lung, pleural, or mediastinal pathologies between March 2010 and December 2013...
December 2015: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Fred D Cushner
The efficacy of regional anesthesia and peripheral nerve blocks in the management of postoperative pain has resulted in widespread use of this approach in hip and knee arthroplasty. With extensive clinical use, however, the limitations of this approach have become apparent. These limitations include delays for the surgeon, inefficient use of the operating room, muscular weakness, and associated delays in physical therapy. Periarticular injection of anesthetic and analgesic medications appears to offer comparable benefits to nerve blocks in joint arthroplasty without these limitations...
October 2015: American Journal of Orthopedics
Robert E Booth
In the current health care environment, it is more important than ever for orthopedic surgeons to strive for optimal efficiency and effectiveness. For maximum efficiency, patients can be preselected to limit patient types that commonly require a greater investment of the practice's time and resources. Structuring surgical practices for efficiency may involve rethinking the staffing model, anticipating problems that may occur with individual patients, and enhancing internal and external communications. Turnover time between patients must be measured and minimized, and activity in the operating room--including the surgeon's own technique--must be evaluated and refined where necessary...
October 2015: American Journal of Orthopedics
Giles R Scuderi
Analgesic gaps--periods of inadequate pain control--commonly compromise the management of pain after joint arthroplasty. Such gaps can and should be prevented. The use of well-designed, balanced multimodal analgesic regimens that comprise a combination of agents working independently in both the peripheral and central nervous systems is an effective way to prevent gaps in pain control. Medications that have been shown to be beneficial as components of multimodal regimens include acetaminophen, cyclo-oxygenase 2 (COX-2) inhibitors, gabapentinoids, glucocorticoids, periarticular injections using agents such as bupivacaine HCl and bupivacaine liposome injectable suspension (EXPAREL®, Pacira Pharmaceuticals, Inc), and long-acting opioids...
October 2015: American Journal of Orthopedics
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