Read by QxMD icon Read


Naser Jafari, Qiaodan Zheng, Liqing Li, Wei Li, Lei Qi, Jianyong Xiao, Tianyan Gao, Cai Huang
Phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase type I γ (PIPKIγ90) ubiquitination and subsequent degradation regulate focal adhesion assembly, cell migration and invasion. However, it is unknown how upstream signals control PIPKIγ90 ubiquitination or degradation. Here, we show that p70S6K1 (S6K1), a downstream target of mTOR, phosphorylates PIPKIγ90 at T553 and S555, and that S6K1-mediated PIPKIγ90 phosphorylation is essential for cell migration and invasion. Moreover, PIPKIγ90 phosphorylation is required for the development of focal adhesions and invadopodia, key machineries for cell migration and invasion...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Huiying Fu, Renjie Wu, Yuanyuan Li, Lizong Zhang, Xiaofang Tang, Jue Tu, Weimin Zhou, Jianchao Wang, Qiyang Shou
Carthamus tinctorius L. is a traditional Chinese medicine that activates blood circulation and dissipates blood stasis, and has been extensively used as antitumor treatment in a clinical setting in single or in compound preparation form. However, empirical evidence and a better understanding of the possible mechanisms involved are still required. Here, we investigated the role of safflower yellow (SY), the active ingredient of C. tinctorius, in the pulmonary metastasis of breast cancer, and the underlying mechanism of action...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Yubai Zhang, Maya Nolan, Hiroshi Yamada, Masami Watanabe, Yasutomo Nasu, Kohji Takei, Tetsuya Takeda
Cancer cell invasion is mediated by actin-based membrane protrusions termed invadopodia. Invadopodia consist of "core" F-actin bundles associated with adhesive and proteolytic machineries promoting cell invasion by degrading extracellular matrix (ECM). Formation of the F-actin core in invadopodia is regulated by various actin-binding proteins including Arp2/3 complex and cortactin. Dynamin GTPase localizes to the invadopodia and is implicated in cancer cell invasion, but its precise role at the invadopodia remained elusive...
October 19, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Duthika M Mallawaaratchy, Susannah Hallal, Ben Russell, Linda Ly, Saeideh Ebrahimkhani, Heng Wei, Richard I Christopherson, Michael E Buckland, Kimberley L Kaufman
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) play key roles in glioblastoma (GBM) biology and represent novel sources of biomarkers that are detectable in the peripheral circulation. Despite this notionally non-invasive approach to assess GBM tumours in situ, a comprehensive GBM EV protein signature has not been described. Here, EVs secreted by six GBM cell lines were isolated and analysed by quantitative high-resolution mass spectrometry. Overall, 844 proteins were identified in the GBM EV proteome, of which 145 proteins were common to EVs secreted by all cell lines examined; included in the curated EV compendium (Vesiclepedia_559; http://microvesicles...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Nicole S Nicholas, Aikaterini Pipili, Michaela S Lesjak, Simon M Ameer-Beg, Jenny L C Geh, Ciaran Healy, Alistair D MacKenzie Ross, Maddy Parsons, Frank O Nestle, Katie E Lacy, Claire M Wells
Cancer cells are thought to use actin rich invadopodia to facilitate matrix degradation. Formation and maturation of invadopodia requires the co-ordained activity of Rho-GTPases, however the molecular mechanisms that underlie the invadopodia lifecycle are not fully elucidated. Previous work has suggested a formation and disassembly role for Rho family effector p-21 activated kinase 1 (PAK1) however, related family member PAK4 has not been explored. Systematic analysis of isoform specific depletion using in vitro and in vivo invasion assays revealed there are differential invadopodia-associated functions...
September 27, 2016: Oncotarget
Lei Qi, Naser Jafari, Xiang Li, Zaozao Chen, Liqing Li, Vesa P Hytönen, Benjamin T Goult, Chang-Guo Zhan, Cai Huang
Talin binds to β-integrin tails to activate integrins, regulating cell migration, invasion and metastasis. There are two talin genes, TLN1 and TLN2, encoding talin1 and talin2, respectively. Talin1 regulates focal adhesion dynamics, cell migration and invasion, whereas the biological function of talin2 is not clear and, indeed, talin2 has been presumed to function redundantly with talin1. Here, we show that talin2 has a much stronger binding to β-integrin tails than talin1. Replacement of talin2 Ser339 with Cys significantly decreased its binding to β1-integrin tails to a level comparable to that of talin1...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Cell Science
Yijie Chen, Yang Yu, Shuya Sun, Zhaotong Wang, Peiqing Liu, Shenglan Liu, Jianmin Jiang
Tumor metastasis is the main reason of death for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Cell migration and invasion are two prerequisites for tumor metastasis, in which TRPM7 and MMPs play an important role. In our study, we found that bradykinin (BK) could upregulate the expression of TRPM7 and dynamically regulate the phosphorylation of non-muscle myosin IIA heavy chain (NMHC-IIA) Ser-1943 in HepG2 cells. The influx of Ca(2+) via TRPM7 was necessary for elevating the activity of m-calpain and μ-calpain...
September 30, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Anna Bagnato, Laura Rosanò
Metastatization is a complex multistep process requiring fine-tuned regulated cytoskeleton re-modeling, mediated by the cross-talk of actin with interacting partners, such as the Rho GTPases. Our expanding knowledge of invadopodia, small invasive membrane protrusions composed of a core of F-actin, actin regulators and actin-binding proteins, and hotspots for secretion of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteinases, contributes to clarify critical steps of the metastatic program. Growth factor receptors and their intermediate signaling molecules, along with matrix adhesion and rigidity, pH and hypoxia, act as drivers of cytoskeleton changes and invadopodia formation...
October 3, 2016: Small GTPases
Amber A Bokhari, Tabari M Baker, Batsukh Dorjbal, Sana Waheed, Christopher M Zahn, Chad A Hamilton, G Larry Maxwell, Viqar Syed
Nestin, an intermediate filament protein and a stem cell marker is expressed in several tumors. Until recently, little was known about the expression levels and the role of Nestin in endometrial cancer. Compared to the immortalized endometrial epithelial cell line EM-E6/E7-TERT, endometrial cancer cell lines express high to moderate levels of Nestin. Furthermore, endometrial tumors and tumor cell lines have a cancer stem-like cell subpopulation expressing CD133. Among the cancer lines, AN3CA and KLE cells exhibited both a significantly higher number of CD133+ cells and expressed Nestin at higher levels than Ishikawa cells...
September 10, 2016: Oncotarget
Charles V Rajadurai, Serhiy Havrylov, Paula P Coelho, Colin D H Ratcliffe, Kossay Zaoui, Bruce H Huang, Anie Monast, Naila Chughtai, Veena Sangwan, Frank B Gertler, Peter M Siegel, Morag Park
Invadopodia are specialized membrane protrusions that support degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) by cancer cells, allowing invasion and metastatic spread. Although early stages of invadopodia assembly have been elucidated, little is known about maturation of invadopodia into structures competent for ECM proteolysis. The localized conversion of phosphatidylinositol(3,4,5)-triphosphate and accumulation of phosphatidylinositol(3,4)-bisphosphate at invadopodia is a key determinant for invadopodia maturation...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Cell Biology
Marcel Endres, Susanne Kneitz, Martin F Orth, Ruwan K Perera, Alma Zernecke, Elke Butt
The process of tumor invasion requires degradation of extracellular matrix by proteolytic enzymes. Cancer cells form protrusive invadopodia, which produce and release matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) to degrade the basement membrane thereby enabling metastasis. We investigated the effect of LASP1, a newly identified protein in invadopodia, on expression, secretion and activation of MMPs in invasive breast tumor cell lines.By analyzing microarray data of in-house generated control and LASP1-depleted MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells, we observed downregulation of MMP1, -3 and -9 upon LASP1 depletion...
August 31, 2016: Oncotarget
Hiroshi Yamada, Tetsuya Takeda, Hiroyuki Michiue, Tadashi Abe, Kohji Takei
The endocytic protein dynamin participates in the formation of actin-based membrane protrusions such as podosomes, pseudopodia, and invadopodia, which facilitate cancer cell migration, invasion, and metastasis. However, the role of dynamin in the formation of actin-based membrane protrusions at the leading edge of cancer cells is unclear. In this study, we demonstrate that the ubiquitously expressed dynamin 2 isoform facilitates cell migration by stabilizing F-actin bundles in filopodia of the lung cancer cell line H1299...
September 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Kelly M Bailey, Merlin Airik, Melanie A Krook, Elisabeth A Pedersen, Elizabeth R Lawlor
Metastatic Ewing sarcoma has a very poor prognosis and therefore new investigations into the biologic drivers of metastatic progression are key to finding new therapeutic approaches. The tumor microenvironment is highly dynamic, leading to exposure of different regions of a growing solid tumor to changes in oxygen and nutrient availability. Tumor cells must adapt to such stress in order to survive and propagate. In the current study, we investigate how Ewing sarcoma cells respond to the stress of growth factor deprivation and hypoxia...
August 2016: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
Song Yi Bae, Hyen Joo Park, Ji-Young Hong, Hye-Jung Lee, Sang Kook Lee
The failure of targeted therapy due to the resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs), such as gefitinib, is considered a major problem in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. SerpinB2, a component of the urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) system, has been recognized as a biomarker for the progression and metastasis of lung cancer. Nevertheless, the relationship between SerpinB2 and EGFR-TKI resistance has not been elucidated. Here, we report that SerpinB2 is down-regulated in gefitinib-resistant (H292-Gef) cells compared to gefitinib-sensitive (H292) cells...
2016: Scientific Reports
André Luis Ribeiro Ribeiro, Natacha Malu Miranda da Costa, Adriane Sousa de Siqueira, Walessa Brasil da Silva, Maria Sueli da Silva Kataoka, Ruy Gastaldoni Jaeger, Sérgio de Melo Alves-Junior, Andrew M Smith, João de Jesus Viana Pinheiro
OBJECTIVE: Keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KOT) is an odontogenic neoplasm that shows aggressive clinical behavior and local invasiveness. Invadopodia are actin-rich cellular protrusions exhibiting proteolytic pericellular activity, thereby inducing focal invasion in neoplastic cells and increasing neoplasms aggressiveness. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate immunoexpression of invadopodia-related proteins, cortactin, MT1-MMP, Tks4, and Tks5, in KOT. STUDY DESIGN: Immunohistochemistry of 16 cases of KOT, eight cases of calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor (CCOT), and eight samples of the oral mucosa (OM) was carried out to assess the expression of the above described invadopodia-related proteins in the basal and suprabasal layer...
October 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Antonio Castro-Castro, Valentina Marchesin, Pedro Monteiro, Catalina Lodillinsky, Carine Rossé, Philippe Chavrier
Metastasis is responsible for most cancer-associated deaths. Accumulating evidence based on 3D migration models has revealed a diversity of invasive migratory schemes reflecting the plasticity of tumor cells to switch between proteolytic and nonproteolytic modes of invasion. Yet, initial stages of localized regional tumor dissemination require proteolytic remodeling of the extracellular matrix to overcome tissue barriers. Recent data indicate that surface-exposed membrane type 1-matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP), belonging to a group of membrane-anchored MMPs, plays a central role in pericellular matrix degradation during basement membrane and interstitial tissue transmigration programs...
October 6, 2016: Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology
Elizabeth Foxall, Aikaterini Pipili, Gareth E Jones, Claire M Wells
Invadosomes are actin rich protrusive structures that facilitate invasive migration in multiple cell types. Comprised of invadopodia and podosomes, these highly dynamic structures adhere to and degrade the extracellular matrix, and are also thought to play a role in mechanosensing. Many extracellular signals have been implicated in invadosome stimulation, activating complex signalling cascades to drive the formation, activity and turnover of invadosomes. While the structural components of invadosomes have been well studied, the regulation of invadosome dynamics is still poorly understood...
July 19, 2016: European Journal of Cell Biology
Younes F Barooji, Andreas Rørvig-Lund, Szabolcs Semsey, S Nader S Reihani, Poul M Bendix
Membrane deformation is a necessary step in a number of cellular processes such as filopodia and invadopodia formation and has been shown to involve membrane shaping proteins containing membrane binding domains from the IRSp53-MIM protein family. In reconstituted membranes the membrane shaping domains can efficiently deform negatively charged membranes into tubules without any other proteins present. Here, we show that the IM domain (also called I-BAR domain) from the protein ABBA, forms semi-flexible nanotubes protruding into Giant Unilamellar lipid Vesicles (GUVs)...
2016: Scientific Reports
Eric L Hastie, David R Sherwood
Invadopodia are F-actin-rich membrane protrusions that breach basement membrane barriers during cell invasion. Since their discovery more than 30 years ago, invadopodia have been extensively investigated in cancer cells in vitro, where great advances in understanding their composition, formation, cytoskeletal regulation, and control of the matrix metalloproteinase MT1-MMP trafficking have been made. In contrast, few studies examining invadopodia have been conducted in vivo, leaving their physiological regulation unclear...
June 24, 2016: European Journal of Cell Biology
Nagisa Okada, Chifumi Fujii, Tomio Matsumura, Masato Kitazawa, Ryuhei Okuyama, Shun'ichiro Taniguchi, Shigeaki Hida
Disorders of cytoskeletal remodeling and signal transduction are frequently involved in cancer progression. In particular, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase-recruitment domain (ASC) has been reported a proapoptotic molecule that is epigenetically silenced in several human cancers. ASC is a well-characterized adaptor protein involved in the formation of multiprotein oligomers, called inflammasomes, and plays a crucial role in the activation and secretion of interleukin-1β and interleukin-18 in innate immune cells...
September 2016: Cancer Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"