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Tomer Meirson, Alessandro Genna, Nikola Lukic, Tetiana Makhnii, Joel Alter, Ved P Sharma, Yarong Wang, Abraham O Samson, John S Condeelis, Hava Gil-Henn
Metastatic dissemination of cancer cells from the primary tumor and their spread to distant sites in the body is the leading cause of mortality in breast cancer patients. While researchers have identified treatments that shrink or slow metastatic tumors, no treatment that permanently eradicates metastasis exists at present. Here, we show that the ABL kinase inhibitors imatinib, nilotinib, and GNF-5 impede invadopodium precursor formation and cortactin-phosphorylation dependent invadopodium maturation, leading to decreased actin polymerization in invadopodia, reduced extracellular matrix degradation, and impaired matrix proteolysis-dependent invasion...
April 24, 2018: Oncotarget
Bassil Dekky, Michael Ruff, Dominique Bonnier, Vincent Legagneux, Nathalie Théret
The epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a key process for cancer cell invasion and migration. This complex program whereby epithelial tumor cells loose polarity and acquire mesenchymal phenotype is driven by the regulation of cell-cell adhesion and cell-substrate interactions. We recently described the association of ADAM12 with EMT and we now use immunoprecipitation and proteomic approaches to identify interacting partners for ADAM12 during EMT. We identify twenty proteins that are involved in molecular mechanisms associated with adhesion/invasion processes...
April 20, 2018: Oncotarget
Christos Petropoulos, Pierre-Olivier Guichet, Konstantin Masliantsev, Michel Wager, Lucie Karayan-Tapon
Glioblastoma (GBM) represents the most common and lethal brain tumor. High vascularization, necrosis and invasiveness are hallmarks of GBM aggressiveness with recent data suggesting the important role of glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs) in these processes. It is now well established that cancer cells employ specialized structures termed invadosomes to potentiate invasion. However, the role of these structures in GBM dissemination remains poorly investigated. In this study, we showed that GBM-isolated GSCs form invadopodia-like protrusions endowed with degradative action...
April 17, 2018: Oncotarget
Ting Yan, Ailiang Zhang, Fangfang Shi, Fei Chang, Jie Mei, Yongjian Liu, Yichao Zhu
The formin protein dishevelled-associated activator of morphogenesis 1 (DAAM1) polymerizes straight actin filaments and mediates migration of cancer cells. However, how DAAM1 governs cell haptotaxis in response to collagen remains unexplored in breast cancer cells. We hypothesized that DAAM1 mediates invadopodia extension and cell haptotaxis in response to type IV collagen in association with integrin receptors. Using Boyden chamber membranes coated with type IV collagen, we show here that type IV collagen activates both DAAM1 and  Ras homolog family member A (RHOA)  and promotes haptotaxis of MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-453 breast cancer cells, a process abolished by treatment with the integrin αvβ3 inhibitor cyclo(-RGDfK)...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
J Pilotte, W Kiosses, S W Chan, H P Makarenkova, E Dupont-Versteegden, P W Vanderklish
RNA-binding proteins are emerging as key regulators of transitions in cell morphology. The RNA-binding motif protein 3 (RBM3) is a cold-inducible RNA-binding protein with broadly relevant roles in cellular protection, and putative functions in cancer and development. Several findings suggest that RBM3 has morphoregulatory functions germane to its roles in these contexts. For example, RBM3 helps maintain the morphological integrity of cell protrusions during cell stress and disease. Moreover, it is highly expressed in migrating neurons of the developing brain and in cancer invadopodia, suggesting roles in migration...
May 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
Prabhat Suman, Sarthak Mishra, Harish Chander
Metastatic spread of the cancer is usually the consequence of the activation of signaling pathways that generate cell motility and tissue invasion. Metastasis involves the reorganization of cytoskeleton and cell shape for the swift movement of the cells through extracellular matrix. Previously, we have described the invasive and metastatic role played by one of the members (Toca-1) of CIP4 subfamily of F-BAR proteins. In the present study, we address the role of another member (FBP17) of same family in the invasion breast cancer cells...
April 12, 2018: Medical Oncology
Siti Nor Aini Harun, Daud Ahmad Israf, Chau Ling Tham, Kok Wai Lam, Manraj Singh Cheema, Nur Fariesha Md Hashim
In order to metastasize, tumor cells need to migrate and invade the surrounding tissues. It is important to identify compound(s) capable of disrupting the metastasis of invasive cancer cells, especially for hindering invadopodia formation, so as to provide anti-metastasis targeted therapy. Invadopodia are thought to be specialized actin-rich protrusions formed by highly invasive cancer cells to degrade the extracellular matrix (ECM). A curcuminoid analogue known as 2,6-bis-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzylidine)cyclohexanone or BHMC has shown good potential in inhibiting inflammation and hyperalgesia...
April 10, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Shannon J L Pinnington, John F Marshall, Ann P Wheeler
Super-resolution microscopy methods enable resolution of biological molecules in their cellular or tissue context at the nanoscale. Different methods have their strengths and weaknesses. Here we present a method that enables correlative confocal, structured illumination microscopy (SIM) and single-molecule localization microscopy (SMLM) imaging of structures involved in formation of invadopodia on the same sample. This enables up to four colors to be visualized in three dimensions at a resolution of between 120 and 10 nm for SIM and SMLM, respectively...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Marta Cavo, Marco Caria, Ilaria Pulsoni, Francesco Beltrame, Marco Fato, Silvia Scaglione
Purpose of this study was the development of a 3D material to be used as substrate for breast cancer cell culture. We developed composite gels constituted by different concentrations of Alginate (A) and Matrigel (M) to obtain a structurally stable-in-time and biologically active substrate. Human aggressive breast cancer cells (i.e. MDA-MB-231) were cultured within the gels. Known the link between cell morphology and malignancy, cells were morphologically characterized and their invasiveness correlated through an innovative bioreactor-based invasion assay...
March 28, 2018: Scientific Reports
Kamyar Esmaeili Pourfarhangi, Aviv Bergman, Bojana Gligorijevic
Invadopodia are membrane protrusions dynamically assembled by invasive cancer cells in contact with the extracellular matrix (ECM). Invadopodia are enriched by the structural proteins actin and cortactin as well as metalloproteases such as MT1-MMP, whose function is to degrade the surrounding ECM. During metastasis, invadopodia are necessary for cancer cell intravasation and extravasation. Although signaling pathways involved in the assembly and function of invadopodia are well studied, few studies address invadopodia dynamics and how the cell-ECM interactions contribute to cell invasion...
March 27, 2018: Biophysical Journal
Jiro Takito, Satoshi Inoue, Masanori Nakamura
Osteoclasts form a specialized cell-matrix adhesion structure, known as the "sealing zone", during bone resorption. The sealing zone is a dynamic actin-rich structure that defines the resorption area of the bone. The detailed dynamics and fine structure of the sealing zone have been elusive. Osteoclasts plated on glass do not form a sealing zone, but generate a separate supra-molecular structure called the "podosome belt". Podosomes are integrin-based adhesion complexes involved in matrix adhesion, cell migration, matrix degradation, and mechanosensing...
March 26, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Magdalena Izdebska, Wioletta Zielińska, Dariusz Grzanka, Maciej Gagat
Metastasis causes death of 90% of cancer patients, so it is the most significant issue associated with cancer disease. Thus, it is no surprise that many researchers are trying to develop drugs targeting or preventing them. The secondary tumour site formation is closely related to phenomena like epithelial-to-mesenchymal and its reverse, mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition. The change of the cells' phenotype to mesenchymal involves the acquisition of migratory potential. Cancer cells movement is possible due to the development of invasive structures like invadopodia, lamellipodia, and filopodia...
2018: BioMed Research International
Wen-Feng Lin, Xiao-Lu Lin, Seng-Wang Fu, Li Yang, Chao-Tao Tang, Yun-Jie Gao, Hao-Yan Chen, Zhi-Zheng Ge
Kinesin family member 20B (KIF20B) has been reported to have an oncogenic role in bladder and hepatocellular cancer cells, but its role in colorectal cancer (CRC) progression remains unclear. In this study, we assessed the mRNA and protein levels of KIF20B in CRC tissues using qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively. KIF20B was overexpressed in CRC tissues and was associated with cancer invasion and metastasis. Mechanistically, KIF20B overexpression promoted the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process mediated by glioma-associated oncogene 1 (Gli1) as well as CRC cell migration and invasion...
March 24, 2018: Molecular Carcinogenesis
Laurence Bertier, Tim Hebbrecht, Elien Mettepenningen, Natasja De Wit, Olivier Zwaenepoel, Adriaan Verhelle, Jan Gettemans
Cortactin is a multidomain actin binding protein that activates Arp2/3 mediated branched actin polymerization. This is essential for the formation of protrusive structures during cancer cell invasion. Invadopodia are cancer cell-specific membrane protrusions, specialized at extracellular matrix degradation and essential for invasion and tumor metastasis. Given the unequivocal role of cortactin at every stage of invadopodium formation, it is considered an invadopodium marker and potential drug target. We used cortactin nanobodies to examine the role of cortactin domain-specific function at endogenous protein level...
March 19, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Carmen Ruggiero, Mauro Grossi, Giorgia Fragassi, Antonella Di Campli, Carmine Di Ilio, Alberto Luini, Michele Sallese
Membrane trafficking via the Golgi-localised KDEL receptor activates signalling cascades that coordinate both trafficking and other cellular functions, including autophagy and extracellular matrix degradation. In this study, we provide evidence that membrane trafficking activates KDEL receptor and the Src family kinases at focal adhesions of HeLa cells, where this phosphorylates ADP-ribosylation factor GTPase-activating protein with SH3 domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain (ASAP)1 and focal adhesion kinase (FAK)...
February 13, 2018: Oncotarget
Tao Li, Li Yi, Long Hai, Haiwen Ma, Zhennan Tao, Chen Zhang, Iruni Roshanie Abeysekera, Kai Zhao, Yihan Yang, Wei Wang, Bo Liu, Shengping Yu, Luqing Tong, Peidong Liu, Meng Zhu, Bingcheng Ren, Yu Lin, Kai Zhang, Cheng Cheng, Yubao Huang, Xuejun Yang
Numerous studies have shown that calmodulin (CaM) is a major regulator of calcium-dependent signaling, which regulates cell proliferation, programmed cell death, and autophagy in cancer. However, limited information is available on mechanisms underlying the effect of CaM on the invasive property of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cells, especially with respect to invadopodia formation. In this study, we find that CaM serves as a prognostic factor for GBM, and it is strongly associated with the invasive nature of this tumor...
February 20, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Mazvita Maziveyi, Shengli Dong, Somesh Baranwal, Suresh K Alahari
BACKGROUND: During metastasis, tumor cells move through the tracks of extracellular matrix (ECM). Focal adhesions (FAs) are the protein complexes that link the cell cytoskeleton to the ECM and their presence is necessary for cell attachment. The tumor suppressor Nischarin interacts with a number of signaling proteins such as Integrin α5, PAK1, LIMK1, LKB1, and Rac1 to prevent cancer cell migration. Although previous findings have shown that Nischarin exerts this migratory inhibition by interacting with other proteins, the effects of these interactions on the entire FA machinery are unknown...
February 7, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Sandeep Kumar, Alakesh Das, Amlan Barai, Shamik Sen
Invadopodia are micron-sized invasive structures that mediate extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation through a combination of membrane-bound and soluble matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). However, how such localized degradation is converted into pores big enough for cancer cells to invade, and the relative contributions of membrane-bound versus soluble MMPs to this process remain unclear. In this article, we address these questions by combining experiments and simulations. We show that in MDA-MB-231 cells, an increase in ECM density enhances invadopodia-mediated ECM degradation and decreases inter-invadopodia spacing...
February 6, 2018: Biophysical Journal
X L Ren, Y D Qiao, J Y Li, X M Li, D Zhang, X J Zhang, X H Zhu, W J Zhou, J Shi, W Wang, W T Liao, Y Q Ding, L Liang
Recently, invadopodia have been increasingly recognized as important drivers of local invasion and metastasis. Cortactin, as an actin-binding protein, is closely associated with invadopodia through interacting with proteins. Formin-like 2 (FMNL2), a member of diaphanous-related formins which act as nucleation factors, plays an important role in tumor progression. But whether cortactin can interact with FMNL2 to promote invadopodia formation and the role of FMNL2 in invadopodia formation are still unknown. Here we found that cortactin directly bound to FMNL2 and elevated the activities of actin polymerization and recycling endosome motility...
April 10, 2018: Cancer Letters
Sana Waheed, Batsukh Dorjbal, Chad A Hamilton, G Larry Maxwell, Gustavo C Rodriguez, Viqar Syed
Previously, we have demonstrated that progesterone and calcitriol synergistically inhibit growth of endometrial and ovarian cancer by enhancing apoptosis and causing cell cycle arrest. Metastasis is the main reason of mortality in cancer patients. Activation of ADP-Ribosylation Factor 6 (ARF6), Neural Precursor cell expressed Developmentally Downregulated 9 (NEDD9), and Membrane-Type-1 Matrix Metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) have been implicated in promoting tumor growth and metastasis. We examined the effects of progesterone, calcitriol and progesterone-calcitriol combination on metastasis promoting proteins in endometrial cancer...
December 26, 2017: Oncotarget
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