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Carmen Ruggiero, Mauro Grossi, Giorgia Fragassi, Antonella Di Campli, Carmine Di Ilio, Alberto Luini, Michele Sallese
Membrane trafficking via the Golgi-localised KDEL receptor activates signalling cascades that coordinate both trafficking and other cellular functions, including autophagy and extracellular matrix degradation. In this study, we provide evidence that membrane trafficking activates KDEL receptor and the Src family kinases at focal adhesions of HeLa cells, where this phosphorylates ADP-ribosylation factor GTPase-activating protein with SH3 domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain (ASAP)1 and focal adhesion kinase (FAK)...
February 13, 2018: Oncotarget
Tao Li, Li Yi, Long Hai, Haiwen Ma, Zhennan Tao, Chen Zhang, Iruni Roshanie Abeysekera, Kai Zhao, Yihan Yang, Wei Wang, Bo Liu, Shengping Yu, Luqing Tong, Peidong Liu, Meng Zhu, Bingcheng Ren, Yu Lin, Kai Zhang, Cheng Cheng, Yubao Huang, Xuejun Yang
Numerous studies have shown that calmodulin (CaM) is a major regulator of calcium-dependent signaling, which regulates cell proliferation, programmed cell death, and autophagy in cancer. However, limited information is available on mechanisms underlying the effect of CaM on the invasive property of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cells, especially with respect to invadopodia formation. In this study, we find that CaM serves as a prognostic factor for GBM, and it is strongly associated with the invasive nature of this tumor...
February 20, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Mazvita Maziveyi, Shengli Dong, Somesh Baranwal, Suresh K Alahari
BACKGROUND: During metastasis, tumor cells move through the tracks of extracellular matrix (ECM). Focal adhesions (FAs) are the protein complexes that link the cell cytoskeleton to the ECM and their presence is necessary for cell attachment. The tumor suppressor Nischarin interacts with a number of signaling proteins such as Integrin α5, PAK1, LIMK1, LKB1, and Rac1 to prevent cancer cell migration. Although previous findings have shown that Nischarin exerts this migratory inhibition by interacting with other proteins, the effects of these interactions on the entire FA machinery are unknown...
February 7, 2018: Molecular Cancer
Sandeep Kumar, Alakesh Das, Amlan Barai, Shamik Sen
Invadopodia are micron-sized invasive structures that mediate extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation through a combination of membrane-bound and soluble matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). However, how such localized degradation is converted into pores big enough for cancer cells to invade, and the relative contributions of membrane-bound versus soluble MMPs to this process remain unclear. In this article, we address these questions by combining experiments and simulations. We show that in MDA-MB-231 cells, an increase in ECM density enhances invadopodia-mediated ECM degradation and decreases inter-invadopodia spacing...
February 6, 2018: Biophysical Journal
X L Ren, Y D Qiao, J Y Li, X M Li, D Zhang, X J Zhang, X H Zhu, W J Zhou, J Shi, W Wang, W T Liao, Y Q Ding, L Liang
Recently, invadopodia have been increasingly recognized as important drivers of local invasion and metastasis. Cortactin, as an actin-binding protein, is closely associated with invadopodia through interacting with proteins. Formin-like 2 (FMNL2), a member of diaphanous-related formins which act as nucleation factors, plays an important role in tumor progression. But whether cortactin can interact with FMNL2 to promote invadopodia formation and the role of FMNL2 in invadopodia formation are still unknown. Here we found that cortactin directly bound to FMNL2 and elevated the activities of actin polymerization and recycling endosome motility...
January 25, 2018: Cancer Letters
Sana Waheed, Batsukh Dorjbal, Chad A Hamilton, G Larry Maxwell, Gustavo C Rodriguez, Viqar Syed
Previously, we have demonstrated that progesterone and calcitriol synergistically inhibit growth of endometrial and ovarian cancer by enhancing apoptosis and causing cell cycle arrest. Metastasis is the main reason of mortality in cancer patients. Activation of ADP-Ribosylation Factor 6 (ARF6), Neural Precursor cell expressed Developmentally Downregulated 9 (NEDD9), and Membrane-Type-1 Matrix Metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) have been implicated in promoting tumor growth and metastasis. We examined the effects of progesterone, calcitriol and progesterone-calcitriol combination on metastasis promoting proteins in endometrial cancer...
December 26, 2017: Oncotarget
Arzu Ulu, Wonkyung Oh, Yan Zuo, Jeffrey A Frost
The Neuroepithelial cell transforming gene 1A (Net1A) is a RhoA subfamily GEF that localizes to the nucleus in the absence of stimulation, preventing it from activating RhoA. Once relocalized in the cytosol, Net1A stimulates cell motility and extracellular matrix invasion. In the present work we investigated mechanisms responsible for Net1A cytosolic relocalization. We demonstrate that inhibition of MAPK pathways blocks Net1A relocalization, with cells being most sensitive to JNK pathway inhibition. Moreover, JNK or p38 MAPK activation is sufficient to elicit Net1A cytosolic localization...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
Priyanka Saini, Sara A Courtneidge
Tyrosine kinase substrate (Tks) adaptor proteins are considered important regulators of various physiological and/or pathological processes, particularly cell migration and invasion, and cancer progression. These proteins contain PX and SH3 domains, and act as scaffolds, bringing membrane and cellular components in close proximity in structures known as invadopodia or podosomes. Tks proteins, analogous to the related proteins p47phox, p40phox and NoxO1, also facilitate local generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which aid in signaling at invadopodia and/or podosomes to promote their activity...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Cell Science
Mimi Li, Jiying Wang, Biwen Mo, Jinrong Zeng, Dong Yao, Feng Chen, Ming Jiang, Lizong Rao, Yinjun Du
Cell division cycle 42 (Cdc42) is a critical regulator, which functions in cancer metastasis. Numerous previous studies have demonstrated that vav guanine nucleotide exchange factor 1 (Vav1) is ectopically expressed in numerous types of human malignancies and have suggested that Vav1 may efficiently promote the formation of invadopodia and matrix degradation by regulating the activation of Cdc42. Total alkaloids of Corydalis saxicola bunting (TAOCSB), a type of alkaloid compound extracted from the root of C...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
Pauline Jeannot, Arnaud Besson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
Campbell D Lawson, Anne J Ridley
Cell migration is dependent on the dynamic formation and disassembly of actin filament-based structures, including lamellipodia, filopodia, invadopodia, and membrane blebs, as well as on cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix adhesions. These processes all involve Rho family small guanosine triphosphatases (GTPases), which are regulated by the opposing actions of guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) and GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs). Rho GTPase activity needs to be precisely tuned at distinct cellular locations to enable cells to move in response to different environments and stimuli...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Cell Biology
Hye-Youn Kim, Huyen Trang Ha Thi, Suntaek Hong
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is one of the most aggressive malignancies and is associated with high mortality rates due to the lack of effective therapeutic targets. In this study, we demonstrated that insulin-like growth factor-II mRNA-binding protein 2 and 3 (IMP2 and IMP3) are specifically overexpressed in TNBC and cooperate to promote cell migration and invasion. Downregulation of both IMP2 and IMP3 in TNBC cells was found to produce a synergistic effect in suppressing cell invasion and invadopodia formation, whereas overexpression of IMP2 and IMP3 in luminal subtype cells enhanced epithelial-mesenchymal transition and metastasis...
February 28, 2018: Cancer Letters
Lai Kuan Dionne, Eric Peterman, John Schiel, Paulius Gibieža, Vytenis Arvydas Skeberdis, Antonio Jimeno, Xiao-Jing Wang, Rytis Prekeris
The post-mitotic midbody (MB) is a remnant of cytokinesis that can be asymmetrically inherited by one of the daughter cells following cytokinesis. Until recently, the MB was thought to be degraded immediately following cytokinesis. However, recent evidence suggests that the MB is a protein-rich organelle that accumulates in stem cell and cancer cell populations, indicating that it may have post-mitotic functions. Here, we investigate the role of FYCO1, an LC3-binding protein (herein, LC3 refers to MAP1LC3B), and its function in regulating the degradation of post-mitotic MBs...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
Pauline Jeannot, Arnaud Besson
Actin remodeling plays an essential role in diverse cellular processes such as cell motility, vesicle trafficking or cytokinesis. The scaffold protein and actin nucleation promoting factor Cortactin is present in virtually all actin-based structures, participating in the formation of branched actin networks. It has been involved in the control of endocytosis, and vesicle trafficking, axon guidance and organization, as well as adhesion, migration and invasion. To migrate and invade through three-dimensional environments, cells have developed specialized actin-based structures called invadosomes, a generic term to designate invadopodia and podosomes...
December 31, 2017: Small GTPases
Kaleb M Naegeli, Eric Hastie, Aastha Garde, Zheng Wang, Daniel P Keeley, Kacy L Gordon, Ariel M Pani, Laura C Kelley, Meghan A Morrissey, Qiuyi Chi, Bob Goldstein, David R Sherwood
Invasive cells use small invadopodia to breach basement membrane (BM), a dense matrix that encases tissues. Following the breach, a large protrusion forms to clear a path for tissue entry by poorly understood mechanisms. Using RNAi screening for defects in Caenorhabditis elegans anchor cell (AC) invasion, we found that UNC-6(netrin)/UNC-40(DCC) signaling at the BM breach site directs exocytosis of lysosomes using the exocyst and SNARE SNAP-29 to form a large protrusion that invades vulval tissue. Live-cell imaging revealed that the protrusion is enriched in the matrix metalloprotease ZMP-1 and transiently expands AC volume by more than 20%, displacing surrounding BM and vulval epithelium...
November 20, 2017: Developmental Cell
Carole Siret, Aurélie Dobric, Anna Martirosyan, Chloé Terciolo, Sébastien Germain, Renaté Bonier, Thassadite Dirami, Nelson Dusetti, Richard Tomasini, Marion Rubis, Stéphane Garcia, Juan Iovanna, Dominique Lombardo, Véronique Rigot, Frédéric André
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is characterised by an extensive tissue invasion and an early formation of metastasis. Alterations in the expression of cadherins have been reported in PDAC. Yet, how these changes contribute to tumour progression is poorly understood. Here, we investigated the relationship between cadherins expression and PDAC development. METHODS: Cadherins expression was assessed by immunostaining in both human and murine tissue specimens...
November 21, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
Miao Yin, Wenqing Ma, Liguo An
Cortactin, a substrate of sarcoma (Src) kinases, is an actin-binding protein that is involved in cytoskeletal regulation, and is frequently overexpressed in cancer cells. Binding to the actin related protein 2/3 (Arp2/3) complex stimulates cortactin activity, which promotes F-actin nucleation and assembly. Cortactin promotes cancer cell migration and invasion, and plays a pivotal role in invadopodia formation and extra cellular matrix degradation. Overexpression of cortactin, by amplification of the chromosomal band 11q13, increases tumor aggressiveness...
October 20, 2017: Oncotarget
Leon Mao, Clarissa A Whitehead, Lucia Paradiso, Andrew H Kaye, Andrew P Morokoff, Rodney B Luwor, Stanley S Stylli
OBJECTIVE Glioblastoma is the most common primary central nervous system tumor in adults. These tumors are highly invasive and infiltrative and result in tumor recurrence as well as an extremely poor patient prognosis. The current standard of care involves surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. However, previous studies have suggested that glioblastoma cells that survive treatment are potentially more invasive. The goal of this study was to investigate whether this increased phenotype in surviving cells is facilitated by actin-rich, membrane-based structures known as invadopodia...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
Dae-Geun Song, Gyu-Ho Lee, Seo Hee Nam, Jin-Gyu Cheong, Doyoung Jeong, Seo-Jin Lee, Cheol-Ho Pan, Jae Woo Jung, Hye-Jin Kim, Jihye Ryu, Ji Eon Kim, Somi Kim, Chang Yun Cho, Min-Kyung Kang, Kyung-Min Lee, Jung Weon Lee
Transmembrane 4 L six family member 5 (TM4SF5) is highly expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues and enhances migration in two-dimensional environments. Here, we investigated how TM4SF5 is involved in diverse pro-metastatic phenotypes in in vivo-like three-dimensional (3D) extracellular matrix gels. TM4SF5-positive cells aggressively formed invasive foci in 3D Matrigel, depending on TM4SF5-mediated signaling activity, cytoskeletal organization, and matrix metallopeptidase (MMP) 2-mediated extracellular remodeling, whereas TM4SF5-null cells did not...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
Alessandro Genna, Stefanie Lapetina, Nikola Lukic, Shams Twafra, Tomer Meirson, Ved P Sharma, John S Condeelis, Hava Gil-Henn
The nonreceptor tyrosine kinase Pyk2 is highly expressed in invasive breast cancer, but the mechanism by which it potentiates tumor cell invasiveness is unclear at present. Using high-throughput protein array screening and bioinformatic analysis, we identified cortactin as a novel substrate and interactor of proline-rich tyrosine kinase 2 (Pyk2). Pyk2 colocalizes with cortactin to invadopodia of invasive breast cancer cells, where it mediates epidermal growth factor-induced cortactin tyrosine phosphorylation both directly and indirectly via Src-mediated Abl-related gene (Arg) activation, leading to actin polymerization in invadopodia, extracellular matrix degradation, and tumor cell invasion...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
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