keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

prevalence mental disorder

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646811/alternative-therapy-for-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-a-1-year-single-blind-randomized-trial-of-tui-na
#1
Cheng-Nan Lu, Michael Friedman, Hsin-Ching Lin, Kuo-Wei Bi, Tun-Pin Hsueh, Hsueh-Wen Chang, Mao-Chang Su, Meng-Chih Lin
Context • Obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is among the most prevalent of sleep-related breathing disorders. No long-term follow-up studies have documented the continued success of lifestyle changes in treatment; oral appliances have an approximate 50% success rate; compliance with continuous positive airway pressure is poor, ranging from 50% to 89%; and the success rate of upper-airway surgery is only 66.4%. Therefore, some OSAHS patients seek alternative treatments. Objectives • The study intended to examine the efficacy of traditional Chinese therapeutic massage (tui na) for patients with OSAHS...
July 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645967/the-bipolar-illness-onset-study-research-protocol-for-the-bio-cohort-study
#2
Lars Vedel Kessing, Klaus Munkholm, Maria Faurholt-Jepsen, Kamilla Woznica Miskowiak, Lars Bo Nielsen, Ruth Frikke-Schmidt, Claus Ekstrøm, Ole Winther, Bente Klarlund Pedersen, Henrik Enghusen Poulsen, Roger S McIntyre, Flavio Kapczinski, Wagner F Gattaz, Jakob Bardram, Mads Frost, Oscar Mayora, Gitte Moos Knudsen, Mary Phillips, Maj Vinberg
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar disorder is an often disabling mental illness with a lifetime prevalence of 1%-2%, a high risk of recurrence of manic and depressive episodes, a lifelong elevated risk of suicide and a substantial heritability. The course of illness is frequently characterised by progressive shortening of interepisode intervals with each recurrence and increasing cognitive dysfunction in a subset of individuals with this condition. Clinically, diagnostic boundaries between bipolar disorder and other psychiatric disorders such as unipolar depression are unclear although pharmacological and psychological treatment strategies differ substantially...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645966/effectiveness-of-metacognitive-interventions-for-mental-disorders-in-adults-a-systematic-review-protocol-metacog
#3
Franziska Kühne, Ramona Meister, Alessa Jansen, Martin Härter, Steffen Moritz, Levente Kriston
INTRODUCTION: Whereas the efficacy of cognitive-behavioural therapy has been demonstrated for a variety of mental disorders, there is still need for improvement, especially regarding less prevalent or more severe disorders. Recently, metacognitive interventions have been developed and are now available for a variety of diagnoses. Still, a systematic review investigating the effectiveness of different metacognitive interventions for various mental disorders is missing. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), cross-over and cluster RCTs and non-randomised controlled trials on metacognitive interventions (ie, metacognitive therapy, metacognitive training, others) in adults with any mental disorder will be included...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645127/-high-prevalence-of-antipsychotic-medication-use-in-dementia-patients-in-german-neuropsychiatric-practices
#4
Jens Bohlken, Anke Booker, Karel Kostev
Background The aim of the present study was to examine inpatients as well as patients living at home with respect to the frequency of antipsychotic medication use and to determine the factors leading to initial use of antipsychotics following dementia diagnosis. Methods This study included patients aged 60 years and over with an initial diagnosis of all-cause dementia (index date) by German psychiatrists in Disease Analyzer database (IMS Health). The main outcome measure was the proportion of patients who initially received an antipsychotic prescription after the index date...
June 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645126/-adhd-in-adults-and-comorbid-substance-use-disorder-prevalence-clinical-diagnostics-and-integrated-therapy
#5
Henrike Dirks, Norbert Scherbaum, Bernhard Kis, Christian Mette
Substance use disorders (SUD) are one of the most frequent mental disorders among adults. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity-Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common mental health issues in childhood and adolescence, often persisting in adulthood. ADHD in childhood and adolescence is a robust predictor of tobacco, alcohol and illicit substance use in adulthood. Prevalence of comorbid ADHD in SUD patients is high. Nearly one quarter of these patients fulfill the DSM IV criteria for ADHD. Integrated concepts for treatment of SUD and ADHD are needed, but rare up to now...
June 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642253/military-related-sexual-assault-in-canada-a-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Kimberley Watkins, Rachel Bennett, Mark A Zamorski, Isabelle Richer
BACKGROUND: Most research on military-related sexual assault is based on the United States military and has important limitations, such as low response rates. We sought to estimate the lifetime prevalence of sexual assault, assess its relation to military service and identify the circumstances, correlates and associations with mental disorders of military-related sexual assault among Canadian military personnel. METHODS: We used the 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey, a cross-sectional representative survey of Canadian Regular Force personnel (n = 6696)...
June 22, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641217/the-aggressor-at-the-mirror-psychiatric-correlates-of-deliberate-self-harm-in-male-prison-inmates
#7
N Verdolini, A Murru, L Attademo, R Garinella, I Pacchiarotti, C Del Mar Bonnin, L Samalin, L Pauselli, M Piselli, A Tamantini, R Quartesan, A F Carvalho, E Vieta, A Tortorella
BACKGROUND: Deliberate self-harm (DSH) causes important concern in prison inmates as it worsens morbidity and increases the risk for suicide. The aim of the present study is to investigate the prevalence and correlates of DSH in a large sample of male prisoners. METHODS: A cross-sectional study evaluated male prisoners aged 18+ years. Current and lifetime psychiatric diagnoses were assessed with the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - DSM-IV Axis I and Axis II Disorders and with the Addiction Severity Index-Expanded Version...
April 14, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640157/association-of-visceral-fat-area-with-the-presence-of-depressive-symptoms-in-chinese-postmenopausal-women-with-normal-glucose-tolerance
#8
Qin Xiong, Xiang Hu, Yiting Xu, Xueli Zhang, Xiaoping Pan, Yunfeng Xiao, Xiaojing Ma, Yuqian Bao, Weiping Jia
OBJECTIVE: Depression is one of the most common mental disorders, and women are more vulnerable to depression than men, particularly during stages of hormonal fluctuations. After menopause, fat accumulation shifts from the subcutaneous area to the visceral area, and the risk of metabolic disorder increases in parallel. The present study aimed to evaluate the association between abdominal fat distribution and the presence of depressive symptoms in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Visceral fat area (VFA) was detected by magnetic resonance imaging...
June 19, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639495/substance-use-in-adolescents-with-mental-illness-in-durban-south-africa
#9
Bhoodeo Taukoor, Saeeda Paruk, Enver Karim, Jonathan K Burns
Comorbid substance use in adolescents with mental illness is often an indicator of poor treatment outcome. This study aims to determine the prevalence of, and associated risk factors for, substance use in adolescents with mental illness attending a mental health service. Data was collected from hospital records of 162 adolescents, using a structured data sheet, over a two-year period. Substance use was more significant in older adolescents and those with severe mental illness. Sixty-two (38.3%) adolescents used substances...
May 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639494/status-of-mental-health-services-for-adolescents-with-psychiatric-morbidity-in-youth-correctional-institutions-in-lagos
#10
Olayinka Atilola, Bolanle Ola, Gbonjubola Abiri, Modepeola Sahid-Adebambo, Olubukayo Odukoya, Abiodun Adewuya, Olurotimi Coker, Oluwadamilola Folarin, Adedolapo Fasawe
BACKGROUND: High prevalence rates of psychiatric morbidity have been documented among adolescents within youth correctional institutions in Nigeria. However, there has not been prior investigation to determine the capacity for and nature of mental health services being provided in these institutions. OBJECTIVES: To assess psychiatric morbidity among adolescents within youth correctional institutions in Lagos, while simultaneously examining the capacity for and the scope of mental health services...
May 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639209/substance-use-and-misuse-among-children-and-youth-with-mental-illness-a%C3%A2-pilot-study
#11
V Herz, N Franzin, J Huemer, D Mairhofer, J Philipp, K Skala
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine prevalence, patterns and predictors of substance use among a sample of adolescent psychiatric inpatients. METHODS: Participants included 25 minors aged 12-17 years admitted to an Austrian department of child and adolescent psychiatry. Lifetime use, initiation, frequency and quantity of substance use, sociodemographic, family and school-related data were collected by self-report measures. Substance use disorders were detected using CAGE (a screening instrument for problem drinking) and FTND (Fagerström Test For Nicotine Dependence)...
June 21, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638359/neural-correlates-of-outcome-of-the-psychotherapy-compared-to-antidepressant-therapy-in-anxiety-and-depression-disorders-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Navkiran Kalsi, Daniela Altavilla, Renata Tambelli, Paola Aceto, Cristina Trentini, Chiara Di Giorgio, Carlo Lai
The most prevalent mental disorders, anxiety and depression, are commonly associated with structural and functional changes in the fronto-limbic brain areas. The clinical trials investigating patients with affective disorders showed different outcome to different treatments such as psychotherapy or pharmacotherapy. It is, however, still unexplored how these interventions approach affect the functional brain. This meta-analysis aims to compare the effects of psychotherapy compared to antidepressant therapy on functional brain activity in anxiety and depression disorders...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637633/physical-activity-correlates-among-people-with-psychosis-data-from-47-low-and-middle-income-countries
#13
Brendon Stubbs, Davy Vancampfort, Joseph Firth, Mats Hallgren, Felipe Schuch, Nicola Veronese, Marco Solmi, Fiona Gaughran, Kai G Kahl, Simon Rosenbaum, Philip B Ward, Andre F Carvalho, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: People with schizophrenia engage in low levels of physical activity (PA). However, few large-scale studies have investigated the factors that may influence PA participation in individuals with psychosis and data from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is especially scarce. Thus, we investigated PA correlates in a large sample of people with a psychosis diagnosis across 47 LMICs. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the World Health Survey, restricting to those with a self-reported lifetime diagnosis of schizophrenia/psychotic disorder, was analyzed...
June 18, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637536/mental-health-morbidity-among-people-subject-to-immigration-detention-in-the-uk-a-feasibility-study
#14
P Sen, J Arugnanaseelan, E Connell, C Katona, A A Khan, P Moran, K Robjant, K Slade, J Tan, K Widyaratna, J Youd, A Forrester
AIMS: The UK has one of the largest systems of immigration detention in Europe.. Those detained include asylum-seekers and foreign national prisoners, groups with a higher prevalence of mental health vulnerabilities compared with the general population. In light of little published research on the mental health status of detainees in immigration removal centres (IRCs), the primary aim of this study was to explore whether it was feasible to conduct psychiatric research in such a setting...
June 22, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635437/assessment-of-diagnostic-information-and-quality-of-working-alliance-with-clients-diagnosed-with-personality-disorders-during-the-mental-health-intake
#15
Ora Nakash, Maayan Nagar
BACKGROUND: A primary purpose of diagnostic systems is to improve care, yet, little is known about how providers use it routine clinical care. AIMS: We investigated specific DSM-IV personality disorders (PDs) diagnostic information therapists collected during intake visits and the association between a therapist PD diagnosis and clients' and therapists' reports of the quality of working alliance during the intake. METHOD: A total of 122 intakes (n = 34, 27...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635417/suicide-attempts-among-individuals-with-specific-learning-disorders-an-underrecognized-issue
#16
Esme Fuller-Thomson, Samara Z Carroll, Wook Yang
Several studies have linked specific learning disorders (SLDs) with suicidal ideation, but less is known about the disorders' association with suicide attempts. This gap in the literature is addressed via the 2012 nationally representative Canadian Community Health Survey ( n = 21,744). The prevalence of lifetime suicide attempts among those with an SLD was much higher than those without (11.1% vs. 2.7%, p < .001). In comparison with their peers without SLDs, adults with SLDs had 46% higher odds of having ever attempted suicide, even after adjusting for most known risk factors (e...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632513/prevalence-and-predictors-of-posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-symptoms-among-syrian-refugees-in-a-refugee-camp
#17
Ceren Acarturk, Mustafa Cetinkaya, Ibrahim Senay, Birgul Gulen, Tamer Aker, Devon Hinton
Turkey is hosting the majority of Syrian refugees. The current study investigates the prevalence of probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression among adult Syrians residing in a camp (N = 781) and potential predictors. The Impact of Event Scale-Revised was used to measure PTSD and the Beck Depression Inventory depression. Probable PTSD prevalence was 83.4%, with predictors being female sex (odds ratio [OR], 4.1), previous mental health problems (OR, 4.5), life threat (OR, 3.0), and injury of a loved one (OR, 1...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632038/spatial-navigation-deficits-in-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-with-neuropsychiatric-comorbidity
#18
Roxanne C Keynejad, Hana Marková, Kamila Šiffelová, Naveen Kumar, Kamil Vlček, Jan Laczó, Ellen M Migo, Jakub Hort, Michael D Kopelman
AIMS: To find out whether neuropsychiatric comorbidity (comMCI) influences spatial navigation performance in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). METHODS: We recruited aMCI patients with (n = 21) and without (n = 21) neuropsychiatric comorbidity or alcohol abuse, matched for global cognitive impairment and cognitively healthy elderly participants (HE, n = 22). They completed the Mini-Mental State Examination and a virtual Hidden Goal Task in egocentric, allocentric, and delayed recall subtests...
February 28, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631695/-chronic-stress-and-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-systemic-scleroderma-results-of-an-interdisciplinary-study
#19
O F Seravina, T A Lisitsyna, M N Starovoytova, O V Desinova, O B Kovalevskaya, D Yu Veltishchev
AIM: To analyze of the prevalence of stressful factors and mental disorders (MDs), as well as their clinical psychopathological and clinical psychological characteristics to improve the comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of systemic scleroderma (SSD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Examinations were performed in 110 patients (predominantly women (n=97 (88.2%); mean age, 49.9±2.47 years) with a documented diagnosis of SSD (its mean duration, 7.25±0.42 years). 62 (56...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630250/amplification-of-mglu5-endocannabinoid-signaling-rescues-behavioral-and-synaptic-deficits-in-a-mouse-model-of-adolescent-and-adult-dietary-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-imbalance
#20
Antonia Manduca, Anissa Bara, Thomas Larrieu, Olivier Lassalle, Corinne Joffre, Sophie Layé, Olivier J Manzoni
Energy-dense, yet nutritionally-poor food is a high-risk factor for mental health disorders. This is of particular concern during adolescence, a period often associated with increased consumption of low nutritional content food and higher prevalence of mental health disorders. Indeed, there is an urgent need to understand the mechanisms linking unhealthy diet and mental disorders. Deficiency in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFAs) is a hallmark of poor nutrition and mood disorders. Here, we developed a mouse model of n-3 PUFAs deficiency lasting from adolescence into adulthood...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
36915
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"