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Delayed onset muscle soreness

Katie A Butera, Steven Z George, Paul A Borsa, Geoffrey C Dover
OBJECTIVES: Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is commonly used for reducing musculoskeletal pain to improve function. However, peripheral nerve stimulation using TENS can alter muscle motor output. Few studies examine motor outcomes following TENS in a human pain model. Therefore, this study investigates the influence of TENS sensory stimulation primarily on motor output (strength) and secondarily on pain and disability following exercise-induced delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS)...
March 5, 2018: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Jonathan D Hughes, Katrina Denton, Rhodri S Lloyd, Jon L Oliver, Mark De Ste Croix
Post-match assessment of creatine kinase (CK) activity and delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) are common markers of exercise-induced muscle damage and recovery status in soccer players. These responses have not been examined in youth female players. This study examined the effect of competitive match play on CK activity and DOMS in elite youth players. Thirty-four elite female players, divided into three chronological age groups (U13, n=11; U15, n=10; U17 n=12). Players completed baseline testing for CK and DOMS that was repeated immediately (for DOMS), 80, 128 and 168 h post-competitive match play for CK...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Vanessa Gorny, Thomas Stöggl
CONTEXT:  Tissue flossing is a technique used to improve range of motion, performance and regeneration, and to reduce pain, oedema and injury risks. PURPOSE:  To analyse if tissue flossing is an effective therapeutic modality to improve regeneration after strength endurance exercises and to reduce delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS). METHODS:  42 active, healthy female and male subjects were randomly assigned to either the control (n = 21) or the tissue flossing group (n = 21)...
February 5, 2018: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
Pascal Madeleine, Ernst A Hansen, Rasmus E Andersen, Martyna Kumorek, Dariusz Mroczek, Afshin Samani, Adam Kawczynski
In this study, we hypothesized that the recordings of multi-channel mechanomyography (MMG) of the upper trapezius muscle would reveal spatially-dependent manifestations in presence of delayed onset muscle soreness occurring 24-h after eccentric exercise (ECC). Sixteen participants performed high intensity eccentric exercises (5 sets of 10 eccentric contractions at 100% of max elevation force) targeting the upper trapezius on their dominant side. Twelve accelerometers were attached to record MMG activity during submaximal exercise consisting of static and dynamic arm flexion and abduction...
February 2, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Okba Selmi, Bruno Gonçalves, Ibrahim Ouergui, Jaime Sampaio, Anissa Bouassida
This study aimed to assess the effects of the total quality of recovery and well-being indices (self-ratings of sleep during the preceding night, stress, fatigue and delayed onset muscle soreness) on rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and physical enjoyment (PE) during small-sided games. A total of 20 professional soccer players (25 ± 0.8 years) completed four 5-a-side game sessions of 25-min duration each (4 × 4 min work with 3-min passive recovery in-between). All variables were collected before each game session with the exception of RPE and Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale that were collected after...
January 28, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
Eric S Rawson, Mary P Miles, D Enette Larson-Meyer
Some dietary supplements are recommended to athletes based on data that supports improved exercise performance. Other dietary supplements are not ergogenic per se, but may improve health, adaptation to exercise, or recovery from injury, and so could help athletes to train and/or compete more effectively. In this review, we describe several dietary supplements that may improve health, exercise adaptation, or recovery. Creatine monohydrate may improve recovery from and adaptation to intense training, recovery from periods of injury with extreme inactivity, cognitive processing, and reduce severity of or enhance recovery from mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI)...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Viviane Ramos Costa Lêdo, Ana Paula Xavier, Cesar Augustus Zocoler de Souza, Susi Mary de Souza Fernandes, Étria Rodrigues, Érico Chagas Caperuto
OBJECTIVES: To investigate aquatic myofascial release (AMR) effects on flexibility and delayed onset muscle soreness, after high intensity exercises. STUDY DESIGN: 15 participants, control (CON) and intervention (INT), 3 moments, pre (Pre), after (Post) and 50 min after (Post 50/Post AMR). 6 exercises, 5 sets, 15 reps at 85% of 1 maximum repetition, followed, or not, by 50 min of AMR. VARIABLES: Heart rate, lactate, rate of perceived exertion, pain and flexibility...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Neringa Baranauskienė, Sandra Kilikevičienė, Loreta Stasiulė, Genuvaitė Civinskienė, Arvydas Stasiulis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Unaccustomed eccentric or eccentric-concentric exercise leaves us stiff and sore the next day and can cause muscle damage. The data about the residual effect of prior eccentric-concentric exercises on oxygen uptake (VO2 ) during constant cycling exercise in women or the data about differences of such effect between genders are scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess differences of the residual effect of PDJ on VO2 during HCE and indirect muscle damage parameters between women and men...
December 2017: Medicina
Mayur K Ranchordas, David Rogerson, Hora Soltani, Joseph T Costello
BACKGROUND: Muscle soreness typically occurs after intense exercise, unaccustomed exercise or actions that involve eccentric contractions where the muscle lengthens while under tension. It peaks between 24 and 72 hours after the initial bout of exercise. Many people take antioxidant supplements or antioxidant-enriched foods before and after exercise in the belief that these will prevent or reduce muscle soreness after exercise. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of antioxidant supplements and antioxidant-enriched foods for preventing and reducing the severity and duration of delayed onset muscle soreness following exercise...
December 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Dyan V Flores, Catalina Mejía Gómez, Mauricio Estrada-Castrillón, Edward Smitaman, Mini N Pathria
Muscle is an important component of the muscle-tendon-bone unit, driving skeletal motion through contractions that alter the length of the muscle. The muscle and myotendinous junction (MTJ) are most commonly injured in the young adult, as a result of indirect mechanisms such as overuse or stretching, direct impact (penetrating or nonpenetrating), or dysfunction of the supporting connective tissues. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is widely used for assessment of muscle injuries. This review illustrates the MR imaging appearance of a broad spectrum of acute, subacute, and chronic traumatic lesions of muscle, highlighting the pathophysiology, biomechanics, and anatomic considerations underlying these lesions...
January 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Robert E Hight, Travis W Beck, Debra A Bemben, Christopher D Black
Eccentric exercise results in an adaptation which attenuates muscle damage from subsequent exercise-termed the "repeated-bout effect (RBE)." PURPOSE: Study examined antagonist co-activation and motor-unit recruitment strategy, assessed via dEMG, concomitant to the RBE. METHODS: Nine participants performed 5 sub-maximal isometric trapezoid (ramp-up, hold, ramp-down) contractions at force levels corresponding to 50% and 80% of maximal isometric strength (MVC)...
2017: PloS One
P Baumert, M J Lake, B Drust, C E Stewart, R M Erskine
Unaccustomed strenuous exercise can lead to muscle strength loss, inflammation and delayed-onset muscle soreness, which may be influenced by genetic variation. We investigated if a missense single nucleotide polymorphism (A>G, rs2275950 ) within the TRIM63 gene (encoding MuRF-1 and potentially affecting titin mechanical properties) was associated with the variable response to unaccustomed eccentric exercise. Sixty-five untrained, healthy participants (genotyped for rs2275950 : AA, AG, and GG) performed 120 maximal eccentric knee extensions (ECC) to induce muscle damage...
March 1, 2018: Physiological Genomics
Phillip Gray, Marie Murphy, Alison Gallagher, Ellen Elizabeth Anne Simpson
OBJECTIVES: This study explored the mechanisms of physical activity (PA) compensation among older adults who recently reduced their non-exercise physical activity (NEPA) in response to a structured PA intervention. DESIGN: A post-trial, retrospective qualitative process evaluation using interviews was employed. METHODS: Levels of PA compensation were determined by comparing NEPA prior to and during the final week of a 4-week structured PA intervention...
February 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
E Hohenauer, J T Costello, R Stoop, U M Küng, P Clarys, T Deliens, R Clijsen
The aim of this study is to compare (a) the physiological responses following cold-water immersion (CWI) and partial-body cryotherapy (PBC) and (b) the effects on recovery following a muscle-damaging protocol (5 × 20 drop jumps). Nineteen healthy males were randomly allocated into either a CWI (10°C for 10 minutes; n = 9) or a PBC (-60°C for 30 seconds, -135°C for 2 minutes; n = 10) group. The physiological variables (thigh muscle oxygen saturation [SmO2 ], cutaneous vascular conductance [CVC], mean arterial pressure [MAP], and local skin temperature) were assessed immediately prior and up to 60 minutes post-treatment (10-minutes intervals)...
March 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
B J Schoenfeld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Acta Physiologica
Jieun Kim, Jooyoung Kim, Joohyung Lee
The purpose of this study was to investigate how compression garments, applied after eccentric exercise, can affect delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and inflammatory markers. Sixteen healthy male university students enrolled in this study and were randomly assigned to either the compression garment group (CG, n=8) or control group (CON, n=8). All participants performed two sets of eccentric exercise using elbow flexor with 25 repetitions per set on a modified preacher curl machine. Maximal isometric strength was measured before exercise and immediately, 24, 48, 72, and 96 hr after eccentric exercise...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Adriano Rodrigues de Oliveira, Adriane Aver Vanin, Shaiane Silva Tomazoni, Eduardo Foschini Miranda, Gianna Móes Albuquerque-Pontes, Thiago De Marchi, Vanessa Dos Santos Grandinetti, Paulo Roberto Vicente de Paiva, Treice Beatriz Gonçalves Imperatori, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho, Jan Magnus Bjordal, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior
BACKGROUND: Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) has recently been used to alleviate postexercise muscle fatigue and enhance recovery, demonstrating positive results. A previous study by our research group demonstrated the optimal dose for an infrared wavelength (810 nm), but the outcomes could be optimized further with the determination of the optimal output power. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of PBMT (through low-level laser therapy) on postexercise skeletal muscle recovery and identify the best output power...
November 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
J R Silva, M C Rumpf, M Hertzog, C Castagna, A Farooq, O Girard, K Hader
BACKGROUND: Understanding soccer players' match-related fatigue and recovery profiles likely helps with developing conditioning programs that increase team performance and reduce injuries and illnesses. In order to improve match recovery (the return-to-play process and ergogenic interventions) it is also pivotal to determine if match simulation protocols and actual match-play lead to similar responses. OBJECTIVES: (1) To thoroughly describe the development of fatigue during actual soccer match play and its recovery time course in terms of physiological, neuromuscular, technical, biochemical and perceptual responses, and (2) to determine similarities of recovery responses between actual competition (11 vs...
November 2, 2017: Sports Medicine
David C Nieman, Courtney L Capps, Christopher R Capps, Zack L Shue, Jennifer E McBride
This double blind, randomized, placebo controlled crossover trial determined if ingestion of a supplement containing a tomato extract with 11 mg lycopene, phytoene, and phytofluene (T-LPP) for 4 weeks would attenuate inflammation, muscle damage, and oxidative stress post-exercise and during recovery from a 2-h running bout that included 30 minutes of -10% downhill running. Study participants ingested the T-LPP supplement or placebo with the evening meal for 4 weeks prior to running 2 h at high intensity. Blood samples and delayed-onset of muscle soreness (DOMS) ratings were taken pre- and post-4-weeks supplementation, and immediately following the 2-h run, and then 1-h-, 24-h-, and 48-h post-run...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
Trevor James Allen, Tyson Jones, Anthony Tsay, David Lloyd Morgan, Uwe Proske
Isometric exercise is often prescribed during rehabilitation from injury in order to maintain muscle condition and prevent disuse atrophy. However such exercise can lead to muscle soreness and damage. Here we investigate which parameters of isometric contractions are responsible for the damage. Bouts of 30 repetitions of maximum voluntary contractions of elbow flexors in 38 subjects were carried out and peak force, soreness and tenderness were measured before the exercise, immediately afterwards, at 2h, and 24h post-exercise...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
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