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Delayed onset muscle soreness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319422/phototherapy-for-improvement-of-performance-and-exercise-recovery-comparison-of-3-commercially-available-devices
#1
Thiago De Marchi, Vinicius Mazzochi Schmitt, Carla Danúbia da Silva Fabro, Larissa Lopes da Silva, Juliane Sene, Olga Tairova, Mirian Salvador
CONTEXT:   Recent studies suggest the prophylactic use of low-powered laser/light has ergogenic effects on athletic performance and postactivity recovery. Manufacturers of high-powered lasers/light devices claim that these can produce the same clinical benefits with increased power and decreased irradiation time; however, research with high-powered lasers is lacking. OBJECTIVE:   To evaluate the magnitude of observed phototherapeutic effects with 3 commercially available devices...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276912/soreness-related-changes-in-three-dimensional-running-biomechanics-following-eccentric-knee-extensor-exercise
#2
Max R Paquette, Shelby A Peel, Brian K Schilling, Dan A Melcher, Richard J Bloomer
Runners often experience delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), especially of the knee extensors, following prolonged running. Sagittal knee joint biomechanics are altered in the presence of knee extensor DOMS but it is unclear how muscle soreness affects lower limb biomechanics in other planes of motion. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of knee extensor DOMS on three-dimensional (3D) lower limb biomechanics during running. Thirty-three healthy men (25.8 ± 6.8 years; 84.1 ± 9.2 kg; 1...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265543/herbs-and-natural-supplements-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-delayed-onset-muscle-soreness
#3
REVIEW
Abbas Meamarbashi
OBJECTIVE: Unaccustomed and intense eccentric exercise is a common cause of delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS). There are multiple remedies for the treatment of DOMS, but its clinical and laboratory pieces of evidence are scarce. Currently, the treatments proposed for DOMS are numerous and include pharmaceuticals, herbal remedies, stretching, massage, nutritional supplements, and other alternatives. To find a holistic treatment with effective pain relief and minimum side effects, complementary and alternative medicine, including herbal therapies, plays a main role...
January 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207531/delayed-effort-induced-swelling-with-myofasciitis-and-systemic-manifestations-a-so-far-unrecognized-type-of-pressure-induced-urticaria
#4
Anne-Claire Bursztejn, Dan Lipsker
Diseases characterized by recurrent symptoms with prolonged intervals without any clinical manifestations can pose diagnostic difficulties. Some diagnoses will be obvious but other situations can be very challenging.To nosologically delineate a new entity characterized by recurrent flares of induration of the forearms and legs with swelling of the extremities accompanied by intense fatigue and variable other symptoms.Retrospective observational study of patients recorded from 2000 to 2015. All patients included were seen during a consultation at the Dermatology Department of the University Hospital of Strasbourg, France...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193999/human-skeletal-muscle-plasmalemma-alters-its-structure-to-change-its-ca-2-handling-following-heavy-load-resistance-exercise
#5
Tanya R Cully, Robyn M Murphy, Llion Roberts, Truls Raastad, Robert G Fassett, Jeff S Coombes, Isuru D Jayasinghe, Bradley S Launikonis
High-force eccentric exercise results in sustained increases in cytoplasmic Ca(2+) levels ([Ca(2+)]cyto), which can cause damage to the muscle. Here we report that a heavy-load strength training bout greatly alters the structure of the membrane network inside the fibres, the tubular (t-) system, causing the loss of its predominantly transverse organization and an increase in vacuolation of its longitudinal tubules across adjacent sarcomeres. The transverse tubules and vacuoles displayed distinct Ca(2+)-handling properties...
February 13, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177718/the-physiological-response-to-cold-water-immersion-following-a-mixed-martial-arts-training-session
#6
Angus Lindsay, Sam Carr, Sean Cross, Carl Petersen, John G Lewis, Steven P Gieseg
Combative sport is one of the most physically intense forms of exercise, yet the effect of recovery interventions has been largely unexplored. We investigated the effect of cold water immersion on structural, inflammatory and physiological stress biomarkers following a mixed martial arts contest preparation training session in comparison to passive recovery. Semi-professional MMA competitors (n=15) were randomly assigned to a cold water immersion (15 min at 10°C) or passive recovery protocol (ambient air) completed immediately following a contest preparation training session...
January 17, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165870/a-comparison-of-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-following-maximal-eccentric-contractions-in-men-and-boys
#7
Chariklia K Deli, Ioannis G Fatouros, Vassilis Paschalis, Kalliopi Georgakouli, Athanasios Zalavras, Alexandra Avloniti, Yiannis Koutedakis, Athanasios Z Jamurtas
PURPOSE: Research regarding exercise-induced muscle-damage mainly focuses on adults. The present study examined exercise-induced muscle-damage responses in adults compared to children. METHOD: Eleven healthy boys (10-12y) and 15 healthy men (18-45y) performed 5 sets of 15 maximal eccentric contractions of the knee extensors. Range of motion (ROM), delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) during squat and walking, and peak isometric, concentric and eccentric torque were assessed before, post-, 24, 48, 72, and 96h post-exercise...
February 6, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150163/fatigue-and-recovery-in-rugby-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Francisco Tavares, Tiaki Brett Smith, Matthew Driller
The physical demands and combative nature of rugby lead to notable levels of muscle damage. In professional rugby, athletes only have a limited timeframe to recover following training sessions and competition. Through the implementation of recovery strategies, sport scientists, practitioners and coaches have sought to reduce the effect of fatigue and allow athletes to recover faster. Although some studies demonstrate that recovery strategies are extensively used by rugby athletes, the research remains equivocal concerning the efficacy of recovery strategies in rugby...
February 2, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143359/the-role-of-blood-flow-restriction-training-for-applied-practitioners-a-questionnaire-based-survey
#9
Stephen D Patterson, Christopher R Brandner
The purpose of the study was to investigate the current use of blood flow restriction (BFR) by practitioners during exercise/training. A questionnaire was developed and data were obtained from 250 participants, with 115 stating that they had prescribed BFR as an intervention. The most common exercise intervention used in combination with BFR was resistance exercise (99/115), followed by during passive (30/115) conditions, and during aerobic exercise (22/115). The main outcome measure for using the technique was to increase muscle mass (32...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121177/effects-of-elastic-taping-non-elastic-taping-and-static-stretching-on-recovery-after-intensive-eccentric-exercise
#10
Disaphon Boobphachart, Nuttaset Manimmanakorn, Apiwan Manimmanakorn, Worrawut Thuwakum, Michael J Hamlin
The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of elastic tape (Kinesio tape) to placebo tape or static stretching on delayed onset muscle soreness. Fifty-one untrained female healthy volunteers were randomly assigned into three groups (n = 17/group), elastic tape, placebo tape and stretching group. Muscle soreness was induced by 4 sets of 25 maximal isokinetic (60°.s(-1)) eccentric contractions of dominant quadriceps on an isokinetic dynamometer. Compared with placebo tape, the elastic tape participants had less muscle soreness at 72 h post-exercise (p = 0...
January 25, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118308/delayed-onset-muscle-soreness-and-perceived-exertion-following-blood-flow-restriction-exercise
#11
Christopher R Brandner, Stuart A Warmington
The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptual responses to resistance exercise with either heavy-loads (80% 1 repetition maximum [1-RM]), light-loads (20% 1-RM), or light-loads in combination with blood flow restriction (BFR). Despite the use of light-loads, it has been suggested that the adoption of BFR resistance exercise may be limited due to increases in delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and perceived exertion. Seventeen healthy untrained males participated in this balanced, randomized cross-over study...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106312/pain-evoked-trunk-muscle-activity-changes-during-fatigue-and-doms
#12
L H Larsen, R P Hirata, T Graven-Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Muscle pain may reorganize trunk muscle activity but interactions with exercise-related muscle fatigue and delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is to be clarified. METHODS: In 19 healthy participants, the trunk muscle activity during 20 multi-directional unpredictable surface perturbations were recorded after bilateral isotonic saline injections (control) and during unilateral and bilateral hypertonic saline-induced low back pain (LBP) in conditions of back muscle fatigue (Day-1) and DOMS (Day-2)...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025376/local-and-generalized-endogenous-pain-modulation-in-healthy-men-effects-of-exercise-and-exercise-induced-muscle-damage
#13
Christopher D Black, Brandon K Tynes, Alexander R Gonglach, Dwight E Waddell
Isometric exercise has been shown to activate endogenous pain inhibitory pathways in healthy adults, but not in some clinical pain populations. OBJECTIVE:  Exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) and the associated delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) are a model for studying clinical pain; thus, our purpose was to examine the effects of isometric exercise on pressure pain threshold (PPT) in the presence and absence of DOMS. METHODS:  Data were collected on 23 males (22...
December 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012598/mechanisms-underpinning-protection-against-eccentric-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-by-ischemic-preconditioning
#14
Alexander Franz, Michael Behringer, Kazunori Nosaka, Bettina Alexandra Buhren, Holger Schrumpf, Constantin Mayer, Christoph Zilkens, Moritz Schumann
Eccentric exercise training is effective for increasing muscle mass and strength, and improving insulin sensitivity and blood lipid profiles. However, potential muscle damage symptoms such as prolonged loss of muscle function and delayed onset of muscle soreness may restrict the use of eccentric exercise, especially in clinical populations. Therefore, strategies to reduce eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) are necessary, and an extensive number of scientific studies have tried to identify potential intervention modalities to perform eccentric exercises without adverse effects...
January 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993588/effect-of-a-single-administration-of-focused-extracorporeal-shock-wave-in-the-relief-of-delayed-onset-muscle-soreness-results-of-a-partially-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Johannes Fleckenstein, Mara Friton, Heiko Himmelreich, Winfried Banzer
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of a single administration of focused extracorporeal shockwave therapy (fESWT) on eccentric exercise-induced delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS). DOMS is a common symptom in people participating in exercise, sports, or recreational physical activities. DESIGN: Three-arm randomized controlled study conducted in 2009. SETTING: DOMS was induced by eccentric exercise of the non-dominant arm in voluntary participants at the Sports Campus of a German university...
December 16, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915067/the-feasibility-and-effects-of-acupuncture-in-an-adolescent-nordic-ski-population
#16
Kristin L Garlanger, William H Fredericks, Alexander Do, Brent A Bauer, Edward R Laskowski
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating the use and effectiveness of acupuncture in adults after exercise have been well documented. Fewer studies involving acupuncture have been completed in the adolescent athlete population. To our knowledge, there are no published studies that investigate the use of acupuncture in adolescent athletes within their field of play. OBJECTIVE: To primarily assess the feasibility of performing acupuncture in adolescent Nordic skiers within their athletic environment, and secondarily to measure the effect of acupuncture on muscle soreness and sense of well-being...
November 30, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899894/moderate-load-eccentric-exercise-a-distinct-novel-training-modality
#17
REVIEW
Hans Hoppeler
Over the last 20 years a number of studies have been published using progressive eccentric exercise protocols on motorized ergometers or similar devices that allow for controlled application of eccentric loads. Exercise protocols ramp eccentric loads over an initial 3 weeks period in order to prevent muscle damage and delayed onset muscle soreness. Final training loads reach 400-500 W in rehabilitative settings and over 1200 W in elite athletes. Training is typically carried out three times per week for durations of 20-30 min...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897416/curcumin-an-effective-adjunct-in-patients-with-statin-associated-muscle-symptoms
#18
REVIEW
Amirhossein Sahebkar, Nikou Saboni, Matteo Pirro, Maciej Banach
In spite of the unequivocal efficacy of statins in reducing primary and secondary cardiovascular events, the use of these drugs in a considerable number of patients is limited because of statin intolerance, mainly statin-associated muscle symptoms (SAMS). SAMS encompass a broad spectrum of clinical presentations, including mild muscular aching and other types of myalgias, myopathy with the significant elevation of creatine kinase, and the rare but life-threatening rhabdomyolysis. Among several pathophysiologic mechanisms of SAMS, mitochondrial dysfunction is thought to be one of the main one...
February 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895542/effect-of-tart-cherry-juice-on-recovery-and-next-day-performance-in-well-trained-water-polo-players
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rachel McCormick, Peter Peeling, Martyn Binnie, Brian Dawson, Marc Sim
BACKGROUND: Tart Montmorency cherries contain high concentrations of phytochemicals and anthocyanins, which have recently been linked to improved athletic recovery and subsequent performance. To date however, previous work reporting promising results has focused on land-based endurance sports, with any potential benefits to team sports remaining unknown. As such, this investigation set-out to examine the effect of supplemental tart cherry juice (CJ) on recovery and next day athletic performance in highly-trained water-based team sport athletes over seven days...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874264/photobiomodulation-in-human-muscle-tissue-an-advantage-in-sports-performance
#20
Cleber Ferraresi, Ying-Ying Huang, Michael R Hamblin
Photobiomodulation (PBM) describes the use of red or near-infrared (NIR) light to stimulate, heal, and regenerate damaged tissue. Both preconditioning (light delivered to muscles before exercise) and PBM applied after exercise can increase sports performance in athletes. This review covers the effects of PBM on human muscle tissue in clinical trials in volunteers related to sports performance and in athletes. The parameters used were categorized into those with positive effects or no effects on muscle performance and recovery...
December 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
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