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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743054/continuity-for-children-after-guardianship-versus-adoption-with-kin-approximating-the-right-counterfactual
#1
Nancy Rolock, Kevin R White
Over the past two decades there has been a rapid increase in the number of children and youth living in guardianship and adoptive homes who were previously in foster care. Further, previous studies compared outcomes for children in guardianship homes to those for children in adoptive homes, despite the fact that many factors likely affect the selection of foster youth into different types of permanent placements. This study examined two counterfactuals for guardianship as a permanent placement type: adoption only and adoption or long-term-fostercare (A+LTFC)...
July 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742925/a-capabilities-approach-to-environmental-impact-on-nursing-home-resident-quality-of-life
#2
Whitney Thurman, Tracie C Harrison, Shelley A Blozis, Michelle Dionne-Vahalik, Sharilyn Mead
Nursing homes are the major provider of intermediate and long-term care outside of the hospital setting to individuals whose capacity for self-care is limited due to physical or cognitive impairments. Yet, despite their need for assistance, residents of nursing homes want to control their lives, set their routines, and do enjoyable things. The extent to which residents can maintain autonomy and dignity is important. The current study suggests an environmental gerontological framework, rooted in a capabilities approach, that can be used to consider environmental impact on quality of life in nursing homes...
July 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742854/risk-of-exposure-to-potential-vector-mosquitoes-for-rural-workers-in-northern-lao-pdr
#3
Julie-Anne A Tangena, Phoutmany Thammavong, Steve W Lindsay, Paul T Brey
BACKGROUND: One major consequence of economic development in South-East Asia has been a rapid expansion of rubber plantations, in which outbreaks of dengue and malaria have occurred. Here we explored the difference in risk of exposure to potential dengue, Japanese encephalitis (JE), and malaria vectors between rubber workers and those engaged in traditional forest activities in northern Laos PDR. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Adult mosquitoes were collected for nine months in secondary forests, mature and immature rubber plantations, and villages...
July 25, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742788/computer-assisted-corrective-osteotomy-of-malunited-pediatric-radial-neck-fractures-three-dimensional-postoperative-accuracy-and-clinical-outcome
#4
Lizzy Weigelt, Philipp Fürnstahl, Andreas Schweizer
Neglected or incorrect treatment of pediatric radial neck fractures may lead to symptomatic malunions. Computer-assisted corrective osteotomies with patient-specific guides have been proposed as a promising technique for the reconstruction of malunited long bone deformities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and clinical outcome of this technique in children with malunited fractures of the radial neck. Four children (two male, two female; mean age 12 (10-16) years) underwent computer-assisted closing wedge osteotomy of the radial neck...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742762/kdigo-clinical-practice-guideline-on-the-evaluation-and-care-of-living-kidney-donors
#5
Krista L Lentine, Bertram L Kasiske, Andrew S Levey, Patricia L Adams, Josefina Alberú, Mohamed A Bakr, Lorenzo Gallon, Catherine A Garvey, Sandeep Guleria, Philip Kam-Tao Li, Dorry L Segev, Sandra J Taler, Kazunari Tanabe, Linda Wright, Martin G Zeier, Michael Cheung, Amit X Garg
The 2017 Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) Clinical Practice Guideline on the Evaluation and Care of Living Kidney Donors is intended to assist medical professionals who evaluate living kidney donor candidates and provide care before, during and after donation. The guideline development process followed the Grades of Recommendation Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach and guideline recommendations are based on systematic reviews of relevant studies that included critical appraisal of the quality of the evidence and the strength of recommendations...
August 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742367/long-lived-direct-and-indirect-interlayer-excitons-in-van-der-waals-heterostructures
#6
Bastian Miller, Alexander Steinhoff, Borja Pano, Julian Klein, Frank Jahnke, Alexander Holleitner, Ursula Wurstbauer
We report the observation of a doublet structure in the low-temperature photoluminescence of interlayer excitons in heterostructures consisting of monolayer MoSe2 and WSe2. Both peaks exhibit long photoluminescence lifetimes of several ten nanoseconds up to 100 ns verifying the interlayer nature of the excitons. The energy and linewidth of both peaks show unusual temperature and power dependences. While the low-energy peak dominates the spectra at low power and low temperatures, the high-energy peak dominates for high power and temperature...
July 25, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742257/dynamic-carboniferous-tropical-forests-new-views-of-plant-function-and-potential-for-physiological-forcing-of-climate
#7
REVIEW
Jonathan P Wilson, Isabel P Montañez, Joseph D White, William A DiMichele, Jennifer C McElwain, Christopher J Poulsen, Michael T Hren
Contents I. II. III. IV. V. VI. References SUMMARY: The Carboniferous, the time of Earth's penultimate icehouse and widespread coal formation, was dominated by extinct lineages of early-diverging vascular plants. Studies of nearest living relatives of key Carboniferous plants suggest that their physiologies and growth forms differed substantially from most types of modern vegetation, particularly forests. It remains a matter of debate precisely how differently and to what degree these long-extinct plants influenced the environment...
July 25, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742036/study-of-temporal-effects-on-subjective-video-quality-of-experience
#8
Christos G Bampis, Zhi Li, Anush K Moorthy, Ioannis Katsavounidis, Anne Aaron, Alan C Bovik
HTTP adaptive streaming is being increasingly deployed by network content providers such as Netflix and YouTube. By dividing video content into data chunks encoded at different bitrates, a client is able to request the appropriate bitrate for the segment to be played next based on the estimated network conditions. However, this can introduce a number of impairments, including compression artifacts and rebuffering events which can severely impact an end-user's quality of experience (QoE). We have recently created a new video quality database which simulates a typical video streaming application, using long video sequences and interesting Netflix content...
July 20, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741955/synthesis-structures-and-photophysical-properties-of-a-series-of-rare-near-ir-emitting-copper-i-complexes
#9
Benjamin Hupp, Carl Schiller, Carsten Lenczyk, Marco Stanoppi, Katharina Edkins, Andreas Lorbach, Andreas Steffen
Herein, we report on the synthesis and structural characterization of a series of trigonal and tetrahedral cationic copper(I) complexes, bearing phosphine or N-heterocyclic carbene ligands as donors, with benzthiazol-2-pyridine (pybt) and benzthiazol-2-quinoline (qybt) acting as π-chromophores. The compounds are highly colored due to their (1)MLCT (MLCT = metal-to-ligand charge transfer) states absorbing between ca. λabs = 400-500 nm, with (1)ILCT (ILCT = intraligand charge transfer) states in the UV region...
July 25, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741331/alignment-of-adherence-and-risk-for-hiv-acquisition-in-a-demonstration-project-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-among-hiv-serodiscordant-couples-in-kenya-and-uganda-a-prospective-analysis-of-prevention-effective-adherence
#10
Jessica E Haberer, Lara Kidoguchi, Renee Heffron, Nelly Mugo, Elizabeth Bukusi, Elly Katabira, Stephen Asiimwe, Katherine K Thomas, Connie Celum, Jared M Baeten
INTRODUCTION: Adherence is essential for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to protect against HIV acquisition, but PrEP use need not be life-long. PrEP is most efficient when its use is aligned with periods of risk - a concept termed prevention-effective adherence. The objective of this paper is to describe prevention-effective adherence and predictors of adherence within an open-label delivery project of integrated PrEP and antiretroviral therapy (ART) among HIV serodiscordant couples in Kenya and Uganda (the Partners Demonstration Project)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740824/associations-between-daily-living-skills-cognition-and-real-world-functioning-across-stages-of-schizophrenia-a-study-with-the-schizophrenia-cognition-rating-scale-japanese-version
#11
Yuko Higuchi, Tomiki Sumiyoshi, Tomonori Seo, Motomu Suga, Tsutomu Takahashi, Shimako Nishiyama, Yuko Komori, Kiyoto Kasai, Michio Suzuki
Cognitive function is impaired in patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders, even in their prodromal stages. Specifically, the assessment of cognitive abilities related to daily-living functioning, or functional capacity, is important to predict long-term outcome. In this study, we sought to determine the validity of the Schizophrenia Cognition Rating Scale (SCoRS) Japanese version, an interview-based measure of cognition relevant to functional capacity (i.e. co-primary measure). For this purpose, we examined the relationship of SCoRS scores with performance on the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS) Japanese version, a standard neuropsychological test battery, and the Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale (SOFAS), an interview-based social function scale...
March 2017: Schizophrenia Research. Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740511/safety-and-tolerance-of-donor-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-pediatric-living-donor-liver-transplantation-the-mystep1-study
#12
Steffen Hartleif, Michael Schumm, Michaela Döring, Markus Mezger, Peter Lang, Marc H Dahlke, Joachim Riethmüller, Alfred Königsrainer, Rupert Handgretinger, Silvio Nadalin, Ekkehard Sturm
BACKGROUND: Calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) have significantly improved patient and graft survival in pediatric liver transplantation (pLT). However, CNI toxicity leads to significant morbidity. Moreover, CNIs cannot prevent long-term allograft injury. Mesenchymal stem (stromal) cells (MSC) have potent immunomodulatory properties, which may promote allograft tolerance and ameliorate toxicity of high-dose CNI. The MYSTEP1 trial aims to investigate safety and feasibility of donor-derived MSCs in pLT...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740412/prevalence-of-diabetes-and-obesity-in-association-with-prematurity-and-growth-restriction
#13
REVIEW
Gretchen Kopec, Prem S Shekhawat, Maroun J Mhanna
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is when fetuses and newborn infants have not reached their true growth potential as genetically defined. Fetuses with IUGR develop in a less than ideal environment that leads to epigenetic changes and marks infants' metabolism for the rest of their lives. Epigenetic changes affect insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels and lead to insulin resistance and ultimately to a metabolic syndrome. The metabolic syndrome is a constellation of illnesses that raise one's risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, and ischemic heart disease, including hypertension, dyslipidemia, central obesity, insulin resistance, and inflammation...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739188/the-long-term-relationship-between-dietary-pantothenic-acid-vitamin-b5-intake-and-c-reactive-protein-concentration-in-adults-aged-40-years-and-older
#14
S Jung, M K Kim, B Y Choi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Low-grade inflammation, represented by minor C-reactive protein (CRP) elevation, has a critical role in the early stages of atherosclerosis, and pantothenic acid (PA) may have an antioxidant effect in inflammatory process. However, the long-term relationship between PA intake and CRP has not yet been studied. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the long-term relationship of PA intake to CRP concentration in healthy adults aged 40 years or older living in a rural area of South Korea...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738457/-survey-of-economic-burden-of-hepatitis-b-related-diseases-in-12-areas-in-china
#15
Q S Ma, S Liang, H W Xiao, S X Zhang, G H Zhuang, Y H Zou, H Z Tan, J C Liu, Y H Zhang, A Q Xu, L Zhang, X X Feng, D S Hu, F Z Wang, F Q Cui, X F Liang
Objective: Less surveys on the economic burden of hepatitis B (HB)-related diseases have been conducted in China, so the socioeconomic harm caused by the diseases is not clear and the key parameters for economic evaluation of hepatitis B prevention and treatment are lacking. This study aimed to analyze the direct, indirect and intangible expenditures of hospitalized patients with HB-related diseases during hospitalization and during a year in different areas of China. Methods: The hospitals for infectious diseases and the large general hospitals in 12 areas in China were selected in the study...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738186/neonatal-screening-9-of-children-with-filter-paper-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-levels-between-5-and-10%C3%AE-iu-ml-have-congenital-hypothyroidism
#16
Flávia C Christensen-Adad, Carolina T Mendes-Dos-Santos, Maura M F Goto, Letícia E Sewaybricker, Lília F R D'Souza-Li, Gil Guerra-Junior, André M Morcillo, Sofia Helena V Lemos-Marini
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism in children with filter paper thyroid-stimulating hormone levels between 5 and 10μUI/mL in the neonatal screening. METHODS: This was a retrospective study including children screened from 2003 to 2010, with filter paper thyroid-stimulating hormone levels between 5 and 10μIU/mL, who were followed-up during the first two years of life when there was no serum thyroid-stimulating hormone normalization...
July 21, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738171/emerging-roles-for-tfeb-in-the-immune-response-and-inflammation
#17
Owen A Brady, José A Martina, Rosa Puertollano
Inflammation is a central feature of an effective immune response, which functions to eliminate pathogens and other foreign material, and promote recovery; however, dysregulation of the inflammatory response is associated with a wide variety of disease states. The autophagy-lysosome pathway is one of 2 major degradative pathways used by the cell and serves to eliminate long-lived and dysfunctional proteins and organelles to maintain homeostasis. Mounting evidence implicates the autophagy-lysosome pathway as a key player in regulating the inflammatory response; hence many inflammatory diseases may fundamentally be diseases of autophagy-lysosome pathway dysfunction...
July 24, 2017: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737902/absorption-of-low-energy-uv-radiation-by-human-telomere-g-quadruplexes-generates-long-lived-guanine-radical-cations
#18
Akos Banyasz, Lara Martínez-Fernández, Clémence Balty, Marion Perron, Thierry Douki, Roberto Improta, Dimitra Markovitsi
Telomeres, which are involved in cell division, carcinogenesis, and aging and constitute important therapeutic targets, are prone to oxidative damage. This propensity has been correlated with the presence of guanine-rich sequences, capable of forming four-stranded DNA structures (G-quadruplexes). Here, we present the first study on oxidative damage of human telomere G-quadruplexes without mediation of external molecules. Our investigation has been performed for G-quadruplexes formed by folding of GGG(TTAGGG)3 single strands in buffered solutions containing Na(+) cations (TEL21/Na(+))...
July 24, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737707/an-appropriate-modulation-of-lymphoproliferative-response-and-cytokine-release-as-possible-contributors-to-longevity
#19
Irene Martínez de Toda, Carmen Vida, Mónica De la Fuente
The decrease in the proliferative response of lymphocytes is one of the most evident among the age-related changes of the immune system. This has been linked to a higher risk of mortality in both humans and experimental animals. However, long-lived individuals, in spite of optimally maintaining most of the functions of the immune system, also seem to show an impaired proliferative response. Thus, it was hypothesized that these individuals may have distinct evolution times in this proliferation and a different modulatory capacity through their cytokine release profiles...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737357/-health-care-access-of-sub-saharan-african-migrants-living-with-chronic-hepatitis-b
#20
Nicolas Vignier, Rosemary Dray Spira, France Lert, Julie Pannetier, Andrainolo Ravalihasy, Anne Gosselin, Nathalie Lydié, Olivier Bouchaud, Annabel Desgrées du Loû
Objective: The objective of this study was to analyse health care access of Sub-Saharan African migrants living with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in France. Methods: The ANRS-Parcours survey was a life-event survey conducted in 2012-2013 among Sub-Saharan African migrants recruited by health care facilities managing CHB in the Paris region. Data were collected by face-to-face interview using a biographical grid and a standardized questionnaire. Results: 96.4% of the 619 participants basic health insurance coverage with CMU universal health insurance coverage in 18...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
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