keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Long living

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214992/data-mining-in-hiv-aids-surveillance-system-application-to-portuguese-data
#1
Alexandra Oliveira, Brígida Mónica Faria, A Rita Gaio, Luís Paulo Reis
The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is an infectious agent that attacks the immune system cells. Without a strong immune system, the body becomes very susceptible to serious life threatening opportunistic diseases. In spite of the great progresses on medication and prevention over the last years, HIV infection continues to be a major global public health issue, having claimed more than 36 million lives over the last 35 years since the recognition of the disease. Monitoring, through registries, of HIV-AIDS cases is vital to assess general health care needs and to support long-term health-policy control planning...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214933/findings-from-american-indian-needs-assessments
#2
Linda Burhansstipanov, Linda U Krebs, Lisa Harjo, Kathleen Ragan, Judith Salmon Kaur, Vickie Marsh, Dewey Painter
Because of decreased access and dismal survival rates, strategies need to be developed to increase cancer awareness and facilitate cancer prevention, early detection, and screening activities within American Indian (AI) populations. The purpose of this study was to develop a locally tailored needs assessment to collect cancer prevention, control, and risk factor information and knowledge, attitude, and perceived behavior (hereafter referred to as "needs assessment") data from 500 community members living in 3 geographically diverse settings: the Southeastern USA, the Rocky Mountain region, and the Northern Plains...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214480/nonlinear-actin-deformations-lead-to-network-stiffening-yielding-and-nonuniform-stress-propagation
#3
Bekele Gurmessa, Shea Ricketts, Rae M Robertson-Anderson
We use optical tweezers microrheology and fluorescence microscopy to apply nonlinear microscale strains to entangled and cross-linked actin networks, and measure the resulting stress and actin filament deformations. We couple nonlinear stress response and relaxation to the velocities and displacements of individual fluorescent-labeled actin segments, at varying times throughout the strain and varying distances from the strain path, to determine the underlying molecular dynamics that give rise to the debated nonlinear response and stress propagation of cross-linked and entangled actin networks at the microscale...
February 15, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214234/reablement-reactivation-rehabilitation-and-restorative-interventions-with-older-adults-in-receipt-of-home-care-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Joanie Sims-Gould, Catherine E Tong, Lutetia Wallis-Mayer, Maureen C Ashe
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the impact of reablement, reactivation, rehabilitation, and restorative (4R) programs for older adults in receipt of home care services. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: We searched the following electronic bibliographic databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health), SPORTDiscus and The Cochrane Library and reference lists. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials that describe original data on the impact of home-based rehabilitative care and were written in English...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213132/surveillance-or-engagement-children-s-conflicts-during-health-maintenance-visits
#5
Sarah Polk, Russell Horwitz, Shaina Longway, Alfonso Bonilla, Kate Fothergill, Marc Karver, Peter Salmon, Lawrence Wissow
OBJECTIVE: School-aged health maintenance visits seek to prevent or intervene early with health issues of life-long importance. Little is known about what children expect to happen in these visits or how they experience them, factors related to their engagement as active collaborators in care. METHODS: Thirty children (53% Latino, 27% African-American and 20% White) age 7-11 years were video recorded during a health maintenance visit and then interviewed while reviewing the videos...
February 14, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212708/development-and-performance-evaluation-of-a-three-dimensional-clinostat-synchronized-heavy-ion-irradiation-system
#6
Hiroko Ikeda, Hikaru Souda, Anggraeini Puspitasari, Kathryn D Held, Jun Hidema, Takeshi Nikawa, Yukari Yoshida, Tatsuaki Kanai, Akihisa Takahashi
Outer space is an environment characterized by microgravity and space radiation, including high-energy charged particles. Astronauts are constantly exposed to both microgravity and radiation during long-term stays in space. However, many aspects of the biological effects of combined microgravity and space radiation remain unclear. We developed a new three-dimensional (3D) clinostat synchronized heavy-ion irradiation system for use in ground-based studies of the combined exposures. Our new system uses a particle accelerator and a respiratory gating system from heavy-ion radiotherapy to irradiate samples being rotated in the 3D clinostat with carbon-ion beams only when the samples are in the horizontal position...
February 2017: Life Sciences in Space Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212630/relevance-of-a-subjective-quality-of-life-questionnaire-for-long-term-homeless-persons-with-schizophrenia
#7
V Girard, A Tinland, J P Bonin, F Olive, J Poule, C Lancon, T Apostolidis, M Rowe, T Greacen, M C Simeoni
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of programs are addressing the specific needs of homeless people with schizophrenia in terms of access to housing, healthcare, basic human rights and other domains. Although quality of life scales are being used to evaluate such programs, few instruments have been validated for people with schizophrenia and none for people with schizophrenia who experience major social problems such as homelessness. The aim of the present study was to validate the French version of the S-QoL a self-administered, subjective quality of life questionnaire specific to schizophrenia for people with schizophrenia who are homeless...
February 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211500/video-monitoring-of-brown-planthopper-predation-in-rice-shows-flaws-of-sentinel-methods
#8
Yi Zou, Joop de Kraker, Felix J J A Bianchi, Mario D van Telgen, Haijun Xiao, Wopke van der Werf
Immobilized preys are routinely used in agro-ecological exposure studies to quantify predation of pests under field conditions, but this method has not been validated. Our purpose was to determine the validity of using immobilized adults of the major rice pest Nilaparvata lugens, brown plant hopper (BPH), as sentinels. We used direct observation by video recording to determine the causal agents of removal of field exposed BPH sentinels with two experiments: 1) we recorded removal events of dead, immobilized BPH; and 2) we compared removal of (i) dead, immobilized BPH, (ii) live, immobilized BPH, and (iii) live, mobile BPH...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211485/association-of-female-reproductive-factors-with-hypertension-diabetes-and-lqtc-in-chinese-women
#9
Bayi Xu, Yequn Chen, Jianping Xiong, Nan Lu, Xuerui Tan
The association of female reproductive factors (FRFs) with cardiovascular risk factors among different population was variable and inconsistent. The objective of this study was to examine the association between FRFs and hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), and long heart-rate-corrected QT interval (LQTc) in Chinese post-menopausal women (Post-MW). A total of 8046 Post-MW from the China Chaoshan Biobank Cohort Study were included for analysis. Logistic regression and general linear regression models were used to estimate the association between FRFs and hypertension, DM, and LQTc...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211483/colonisation-in-social-species-the-importance-of-breeding-experience-for-dispersal-in-overcoming-information-barriers
#10
A Payo-Payo, M Genovart, A Sanz-Aguilar, J L Greño, M García-Tarrasón, A Bertolero, J Piccardo, D Oro
Studying colonisation is crucial to understand metapopulations, evolutionary ecology and species resilience to global change. Unfortunately, few empirical data are available because field monitoring that includes empty patches at large spatiotemporal scales is required. We examine the colonisation dynamics of a long-lived seabird over 34 years in the western Mediterranean by comparing population and individual data from both source colony and the newly-formed colonies. Since social information is not available, we hypothesize that colonisation should follow particular dispersal dynamics and personal information must be crucial in decision making...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210758/both-hands-at-work-the-effect-of-aging-on-upper-limb-kinematics-in-a-multi-step-activity-of-daily-living
#11
Philipp Gulde, Joachim Hermsdörfer
The kinematic performance of basic motor tasks shows a clear decrease with advancing age. This study examined if the rules known from such tasks can be generalized to activities of daily living. We examined the end-effector kinematics of 13 young and 13 elderly participants in the multi-step activity of daily living of tea-making. Furthermore, we analyzed bimanual behavior and hand dominance in the task using different conditions of execution. The elderly sample took substantially longer to complete the activity (almost 50%) with longer trajectories compared with the young sample...
February 16, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210724/ordering-kinetics-of-lamella-forming-block-copolymers-under-the-guidance-of-various-external-fields-studied-by-dynamic-self-consistent-field-theory
#12
Xiaomin Wan, Tong Gao, Liangshun Zhang, Jiaping Lin
Self-consistent field theory with a dynamic extension is exploited to investigate the kinetics of the lamellar formation of symmetric block copolymers under the direction of external fields. In particular, three types of directed self-assembly methods - a permanent field for chemo-epitaxy, a dynamic field for zone annealing and an integrated permanent/dynamic field - are examined. For the chemo-epitaxy involving sparsely prepatterned substrates or zone annealing, the block copolymers generally develop into polycrystalline nanostructures with multiple orientations due to the lack of strong driving forces for eliminating the long-lived imperfections in a limited time...
February 17, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210653/biologic-approaches-for-the-treatment-of-partial-tears-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-a-current-concepts-review
#13
Ignacio Dallo, Jorge Chahla, Justin J Mitchell, Cecilia Pascual-Garrido, John A Feagin, Robert F LaPrade
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) has been established as the gold standard for treatment of complete ruptures of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in active, symptomatic individuals. In contrast, treatment of partial tears of the ACL remains controversial. Biologically augmented ACL-repair techniques are expanding in an attempt to regenerate and improve healing and outcomes of both the native ACL and the reconstructed graft tissue. PURPOSE: To review the biologic treatment options for partial tears of the ACL...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210521/the-right-to-die-in-chronic-disorders-of-consciousness-can-we-avoid-the-slippery-slope-argument
#14
REVIEW
Rocco Salvatore Calabrò, Antonino Naro, Rosaria De Luca, Margherita Russo, Lory Caccamo, Alfredo Manuli, Alessia Bramanti, Placido Bramanti
Managing individuals with chronic disorders of consciousness raises ethical questions about the appropriateness of maintaining life-sustaining treatments and end-of-life decisions for those who are unable to make decisions for themselves. For many years, the positions fostering the "sanctity" of human life (i.e., life is inviolable in any case) have led to maintaining life-sustaining treatments (including artificial nutrition and hydration) in patients with disorders of consciousness, allowing them to live for as long as possible...
November 2016: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209719/adaptive-nk-cells-can-persist-in-patients-with-gata2-mutation-depleted-of-stem-and-progenitor-cells
#15
Heinrich Schlums, Moonjung Jung, Hongya Han, Jakob Theorell, Venetia Bigley, Samuel C C Chiang, David S J Allan, Jan K Davidson-Moncada, Rachel E Dickinson, Tim D Holmes, Amy P Hsu, Danielle Townsley, Thomas Winkler, Weixin Wang, Pål Aukrust, Ingvild Nordøy, Katherine R Calvo, Steve M Holland, Matthew Collin, Cynthia E Dunbar, Yenan T Bryceson
Heterozygous GATA2 mutation is associated with immunodeficiency, lymphedema, and myelodysplastic syndrome. Disease presentation is variable, often coinciding with loss of circulating dendritic cells, monocytes, B cells, and NK cells. Nonetheless, in a proportion of patients carrying GATA2 mutation, NK cells persist. We found that peripheral blood NK cells in symptomatic patients uniformly lacked expression of the transcription factor PLZF, as well as expression of intracellular signaling proteins FcϵRγ, SYK, and EAT-2 in a variegated manner...
February 16, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209606/long-term-experiences-of-norwegian-live-kidney-donors-qualitative-in-depth-interviews
#16
Käthe B Meyer, Ida Torunn Bjørk, Astrid Klopstad Wahl, Annette Lennerling, Marit Helen Andersen
OBJECTIVE: Live kidney donation is generally viewed as a welcome treatment option for severe kidney disease. However, there is a disparity in the body of research on donor experiences and postdonation outcome, and lack of knowledge on long-term consequences described by the donors. This study was conducted to provide insight into donors' subjective meanings and interpretation of their experiences ∼10 years after donation. DESIGN: Qualitative explorative in-depth interviews...
February 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209264/patient-travel-for-bariatric-surgery-does-distance-matter
#17
J Hunter Mehaffey, Alex D Michaels, Mathew G Mullen, Max O Meneveau, John R Pender, Peter T Hallowell
BACKGROUND: Increasingly, patients are faced with greater travel distances to undergo bariatric surgery at high-volume centers. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the impact of travel distance on access to care and outcomes after bariatric surgery. SETTING: Patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass at an academic bariatric surgery center from 1985 to 2004 were examined and stratified by patient travel distance. METHODS: Univariate analyses were performed for preoperative risk factors, 30-day complications, and long-term (10-yr) weight loss between "local," defined as<1 hour of travel time, and "regional," defined as>1 hour of travel time...
December 28, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208878/a-study-of-medication-compliance-in-geriatric-patients-with-chronic-illnesses-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#18
R Shruthi, R Jyothi, H P Pundarikaksha, G N Nagesh, T J Tushar
INTRODUCTION: Geriatric population is more prone for various chronic and recurrent illnesses like diabetes mellitus, hypertension, IHD, arthritic, neurodegenerative, gastrointestinal, ocular, genitourinary, respiratory disorders etc., which may require chronic medication with multiple drugs. Poor compliance in this age group accounts for medication wastage with increased cost of healthcare and substantial worsening of the disease with disability or death. Most of the human and economic costs associated with non adherence can be avoided by improving medication adherence...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208314/spontaneous-generation-of-temperature-anisotropy-in-a-strongly-coupled-magnetized-plasma
#19
T Ott, M Bonitz, P Hartmann, Z Donkó
A magnetic field was recently shown to enhance field-parallel heat conduction in a strongly correlated plasma whereas cross-field conduction is reduced. Here we show that in such plasmas, the magnetic field has the additional effect of inhibiting the isotropization process between field-parallel and cross-field temperature components, thus leading to the emergence of strong and long-lived temperature anisotropies when the plasma is locally perturbed. An extended heat equation is shown to describe this process accurately...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208122/a-conversation-among-the-ias-usa-board-of-directors-hot-topics-and-emerging-data-in-hiv-research-and-care
#20
Constance A Benson, Judith S Currier, Carlos Del Rio, Joel E Gallant, Roy M Gulick, Jeanne M Marrazzo, Douglas D Richman, Michael S Saag, Robert T Schooley, Paul A Volberding
The IAS-USA volunteer Board of Directors met in October 2016 for its annual meeting. For the second year, the Board conducted a live, hour-long, interactive, roundtable webinar covering current questions and issues in HIV research, prevention, and care. Important highlights from the Board's discussion, which was moderated by Paul A. Volberding, MD, are included below. Members of the IAS-USA volunteer Board of Directors are Constance A. Benson, MD; Judith S. Currier, MD; Carlos del Rio, MD; Joel E. Gallant, MD, MPH; Roy M...
December 2017: Topics in Antiviral Medicine
keyword
keyword
36903
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"