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acute pancreatitis,mortality,sepsis

Sebastian Rasch, Veit Phillip, Stephanie Reichel, Bettina Rau, Christian Zapf, Jonas Rosendahl, Ulrich Halm, Markus Zachäus, Martin Müller, Alexander Kleger, Albrecht Neesse, Jochen Hampe, Mark Ellrichmann, Felix Rückert, Peter Strauß, Alexander Arlt, Volker Ellenrieder, Thomas M Gress, Werner Hartwig, Ernst Klar, Joachim Mössner, Stefan Post, Roland M Schmid, Thomas Seufferlein, Marco Siech, Jens Werner, Uwe Will, Hana Algül
BACKGROUND: Necrotising pancreatitis, and particularly infected necrosis, are still associated with high morbidity and mortality. Since 2011, a step-up approach with lower morbidity rates compared to initial open necrosectomy has been established. However, mortality and complication rates of this complex treatment are hardly studied thereafter. METHODS: The German Pancreatitis Study Group performed a multicenter, retrospective study including 220 patients with necrotising pancreatitis requiring intervention, treated at 10 hospitals in Germany between January 2008 and June 2014...
2016: PloS One
Liang Luo, Ciara M Shaver, Zhiguo Zhao, Tatsuki Koyama, Carolyn S Calfee, Julie A Bastarache, Lorraine B Ware
BACKGROUND: Direct (pulmonary) and indirect (extrapulmonary) ARDS are distinct syndromes with important pathophysiologic differences. The goal of this study was to determine whether clinical characteristics and predictors of mortality differ between direct or indirect ARDS. METHODS: A retrospective observational cohort study of 417 ARDS patients. Each patient was classified as having direct (pneumonia or aspiration, n=250) or indirect ARDS (non-pulmonary sepsis or pancreatitis, n=167)...
September 20, 2016: Chest
M D Dibirov, A I Isaev, A B Dzhadzhiev, A I Ashimova, T Ataev
UNLABELLED: The number of patients with acute pancreatitis and pancreatic necrosis has been steadily increasing. Mortality in infected pancreatic necrosis remains high. AIM: To develop measures to prevent infection of pancreatic necrosis by timely correction of intra-abdominal hypertension and the syndrome of intestinal failure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Developed a package of measures, consisting of early intestinal lavage and enterosorption, intravenous highdoses of octreotide, epidural blockade, adequate detox and the start of effective antimicrobial therapy...
2016: Khirurgiia
Rakesh Bhadade, Rosemarie de'Souza, Minal Harde, Dileep Asgaonkar, Nilesh Tuplondhe
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a clinical syndrome of severe dyspnoea of rapid onset, hypoxemia, and diffuse pulmonary infiltrates leading to respiratory failure in the absence of cardiac failure. We did the study to asses various aetiologies of ARDS, to determine the correlation between the diagnostic criteria, mortality predictors, need of mechanical ventilation and the outcome of patients. This was an observational, prospective study in medical intensive care unit (MICU) of a tertiary care hospital, over a period of 15 months...
November 2015: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Niteen D Karnik, Anish V Gupta
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a fulminant clinical disorder of varied etiology, characterized by diffuse lung injury and severe hypoxemia. It is a leading cause of ICU admission and the associated high mortality has sparked a lot of research on etiology, outcome, scoring systems, mortality predictors, biomarkers including inflammatory cytokines and even genomics in ARDS. The previously used AECC (American European Consensus Conference) definition (1994) of ARDS was replaced by the recent Berlin definition (2012) so as to improve its validity and reliability...
November 2015: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To observe the occurrence rate of elevated serum amylase and lipase in critically ill children, to explore the relationship between elevated pancreatic enzymes and pancreatic injury, and the effect of elevated pancreatic enzymes on state of illness and the prognosis. METHOD: The data of cases treated in pediatric intensive care unit(ICU) of 17 children's hospitals were collected prospectively from January 2012 to March 2014 according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
September 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Anis Chaari, Karim Abdel Hakim, Kamel Bousselmi, Mahmoud Etman, Mohamed El Bahr, Ahmed El Saka, Eman Hamza, Mohamed Ismail, Elsayed Mahmoud Khalil, Vipin Kauts, William Francis Casey
Sepsis and septic shock are life threatening condition associated with high mortality rate in critically-ill patients. This high mortality is mainly related to the inadequacy between oxygen delivery and cellular demand leading to the onset of multiorgan dysfunction. Whether this multiorgan failure affect the pancreas is not fully investigated. In fact, pancreatic injury may occur because of ischemia, overwhelming inflammatory response, oxidative stress, cellular apoptosis and/or metabolic derangement. Increased serum amylase and/or lipase levels are common in patients with septic shock...
July 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Ruhui Song, Dohyeon Yu, Jinho Park
Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory process that frequently involves peripancreatic tissues and remote organ systems. It has high morbidity and mortality rates in both human and veterinary patients. The severity of pancreatitis is generally determined by events that occur after acinar cell injury in the pancreas, resulting in elevated levels of various proinflammatory mediators, such as interleukin (IL) 1β and 6, as well as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). When these mediators are excessively released into the systemic circulation, severe pancreatitis occurs with systemic complications...
July 2016: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
V K Kapoor
UNLABELLED: Pancreato-duodenectomy (PD) is the procedure of choice for management of resectable periampullary and pancreatic cancers and some patients with chronic pancreatitis. PD is one of the most major GI/ HPB surgical procedures performed involving resection of multiple organs and reconstruction with multiple anastomoses. While mortality of PD has been brought down to less than 5% morbidity still remains high.Patients undergoing PD are usually elderly with comorbidities - general complications of a major operation e...
February 2016: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
Ai-Lin Wei, Qiang Guo, Ming-Jun Wang, Wei-Ming Hu, Zhao-Da Zhang
AIM: To identify the possible predictors of early complications after the initial intervention in acute necrotizing pancreatitis. METHODS: We collected the medical records of 334 patients with acute necrotizing pancreatitis who received initial intervention in our center. Complications associated with predictors were analyzed. RESULTS: The postoperative mortality rate was 16% (53/334). Up to 31% of patients were successfully treated with percutaneous catheter drainage alone...
March 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Francesco Rapisarda, Roberta Aliotta, Barbara Pocorobba, Grazia Portale, Silvia Ferrario, Luca Zanoli, Pasquale Fatuzzo
Fungal infections have a high incidence in patients receiving peritoneal dialysis. (1)
Peritoneal dialysis is often complicated by peritonitis which has only minimally mycotic etiology, but nonetheless it is associated with 15-45% mortality (8).
 The opportunistic pathogens such as Candida can cause infection in immunocompromised conditions. Even the Acinetobacter tends to infect immunocompromised individuals and it has the same risk factors for infection as Candida: immunosuppression, malignancy, HIV positivity and all the other conditions of immunosuppression, central venous catheterization, mechanical ventilation and prolonged antibiotic therapy...
November 2015: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Motokazu Sugimoto, David P Sonntag, Greggory S Flint, Cody J Boyce, John C Kirkham, Tyler J Harris, Sean M Carr, Brent D Nelson, Don A Bell, Joshua G Barton, L William Traverso
PURPOSE: To compare outcomes after percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) for acute necrotizing pancreatitis versus those in a randomized controlled trial as a reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between September 2010 and August 2014, CT-guided PCD was the primary treatment for 39 consecutive patients with pancreatic necrosis. The indication for PCD was the clinical finding of uncontrolled pancreatic juice leakage rather than infected necrosis. Subsequent to PCD, the drains were proactively studied with fluoroscopic contrast medium every 3 days to ensure patency and position...
March 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Zhiyong Liu, Qiao Shi, Jiao Liu, Osama Abdel-Razek, Yongan Xu, Robert N Cooney, Guirong Wang
Sepsis causes multiple-organ dysfunction including pancreatic injury, thus resulting in high mortality. Innate immune molecule surfactant protein D (SP-D) plays a critical role in host defense and regulating inflammation of infectious diseases. In this study we investigated SP-D functions in the acute pancreatic injury (API) with C57BL/6 Wild-type (WT) and SP-D knockout (KO) mice in cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) model. Our results confirm SP-D expression in pancreatic islets and intercalated ducts and are the first to explore the role of pancreatic SP-D in sepsis...
December 4, 2015: Scientific Reports
Eugene Lim, R S Sundaraamoorthy, David Tan, Hui-Seong Teh, Tzu-Jen Tan, Anton Cheng
INTRODUCTION: Infected Necrotizing Pancreatitis carries a high mortality and necessitates intervention to achieve sepsis control. The surgical strategy for proven infected necrosis has evolved, with abandonment of open necrosectomy to a step-up approach consisting of percutaneous drains and Video-assisted retroperitoneal debridement (VARD). We present a case that underwent VARD complicated by bleeding and colonic perforation and describe its management. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 38 year-old male with acute pancreatitis developed infected necrotizing pancreatitis...
September 2015: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Sarjana S Atal, Shubham Atal
Despite significant improvements in medical and surgical management, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) or multiple organ failure following conditions such as acute pancreatitis, severe sepsis, and traumatic, hemorrhagic, and endotoxin shocks is still accompanied with a high mortality rate. In light of the crucial role of immunologic derangement recently conceptualized in these conditions, ulinastatin, a urinary trypsin inhibitor, is considered as a potentially beneficial immunomodulator drug for MODS...
March 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Djamel Mokart, Emmanuelle Giaoui, Louise Barbier, Jérôme Lambert, Antoine Sannini, Laurent Chow-Chine, Jean-Paul Brun, Marion Faucher, Jérôme Guiramand, Jacques Ewald, Magali Bisbal, Jean-Louis Blache, Jean-Robert Delpero, Marc Leone, Olivier Turrini
BACKGROUND: Major postoperative events (acute respiratory failure, sepsis, and surgical complications) are frequent early after elective gastroesophageal and pancreatic surgery. It is unclear whether these complications impact equally on long-term outcome. METHODS: Prospective observational study including the patients admitted to the surgical intensive care unit between January 2009 and October 2011 after elective gastroesophageal and pancreatic surgery. Risk factors for 30-day major postoperative events and long-term outcome were evaluated...
February 2016: Journal of Critical Care
François Philippart, Gaëlle Bouroche, Jean-François Timsit, Maité Garrouste-Orgeas, Elie Azoulay, Michael Darmon, Christophe Adrie, Bernard Allaouchiche, Claire Ara-Somohano, Stéphane Ruckly, Anne-Sylvie Dumenil, Bertrand Souweine, Dany Goldgran-Toledano, Lila Bouadma, Benoît Misset
RATIONALE: Experimental studies suggest that intra-abdominal infection (IAI) induces biological alterations that may affect the risk of lung infection. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the potential effect of IAI at ICU admission on the subsequent occurrence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). METHODS: We used data entered into the French prospective multicenter Outcomerea database in 1997-2011. Consecutive patients who had severe sepsis and/or septic shock at ICU admission and required mechanical ventilation for more than 3 days were included...
2015: PloS One
Federico Coccolini, Fausto Catena, Giulia Montori, Marco Ceresoli, Roberto Manfredi, Gabriela Elisa Nita, Ernest E Moore, Walter Biffl, Rao Ivatury, James Whelan, Gustavo Fraga, Ari Leppaniemi, Massimo Sartelli, Salomone Di Saverio, Luca Ansaloni
Actually the most common indications for Open Abdomen (OA) are trauma, abdominal sepsis, severe acute pancreatitis and more in general all those situations in which an intra-abdominal hypertension condition is present, in order to prevent the development of an abdominal compartment syndrome. The mortality and morbidity rate in patients undergone to OA procedures is still high. At present many studies have been published about the OA management and the progresses in survival rate of critically ill trauma and septic surgical patients...
2015: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
Yok-Ai Que, Idris Guessous, Elise Dupuis-Lozeron, Clara Rodrigues Alves de Oliveira, Carolina Ferreira Oliveir, Rolf Graf, Gérald Seematter, Jean-Pierre Revelly, Jean-Luc Pagani, Lucas Liaudet, Vandack Nobre, Philippe Eggimann
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to confirm the prognostic value of pancreatic stone protein (PSP) in patients with severe infections requiring ICU management and to develop and validate a model to enhance mortality prediction by combining severity scores with biomarkers. METHODS: We enrolled prospectively patients with severe sepsis or septic shock in mixed tertiary ICUs in Switzerland (derivation cohort) and Brazil (validation cohort). Severity scores (APACHE [Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation] II or Simplified Acute Physiology Score [SAPS] II) were combined with biomarkers obtained at the time of diagnosis of sepsis, including C-reactive-protein, procalcitonin (PCT), and PSP...
September 2015: Chest
Liye Liu, Hongtao Yan, Weihui Liu, Jianfeng Cui, Tao Wang, Ruiwu Dai, Hongyin Liang, Hao Luo, Lijun Tang
GOALS: To demonstrate the relationship between abdominal paracentesis drainage (APD) and infectious complications in moderately severe acute pancreatitis (MSAP) or severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) patients. BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of APD for SAP was demonstrated in our previous study. However, the relationship between APD and infectious complications has not been fully elucidated. STUDY: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 255 patients with MSAP or SAP...
October 2015: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
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