keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pericardial FAT

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146023/longitudinal-associations-of-pericardial-and-intrathoracic-fat-with-progression-of-coronary-artery-calcium-from-the-framingham-heart-study
#1
Jane J Lee, Alison Pedley, Udo Hoffmann, Joseph M Massaro, Christopher J O'Donnell, Emelia J Benjamin, Michelle T Long
Cross-sectional studies have shown that pericardial fat is associated with atherosclerotic burden above and beyond generalized and central adiposity. Whether pericardial fat is longitudinally associated with coronary artery calcium (CAC) has not been firmly established. We examined the associations between cardiac ectopic fat including pericardial and intrathoracic fat with CAC progression and incidence in a community-based study setting. Study participants were from the Framingham Heart Study Offspring and Third Generation Cohorts who underwent multidetector computed tomography at 2 consecutive examinations (2002 to 2005 and 2008 to 2011) for the assessment of CAC...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142011/effect-of-distinct-lifestyle-interventions-on-mobilization-of-fat-storage-pools-the-central-mri-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Yftach Gepner, Ilan Shelef, Dan Schwarzfuchs, Hila Zelicha, Lilac Tene, Anat Yaskolka Meir, Gal Tsaban, Noa Cohen, Nitzan Bril, Michal Rein, Dana Serfaty, Shira Kenigsbuch, Oded Komy, Arik Wolak, Yoash Chassidim, Rachel Golan, Hilla Avni-Hassid, Avital Bilitzky, Benjamin Sarusi, Eyal Goshen, Elad Shemesh, Yaakov Henkin, Michael Stumvoll, Matthias Blüher, Joachim Thiery, Uta Ceglarek, Assaf Rudich, Meir J Stampfer, Iris Shai
Background -We aimed to assess whether distinct lifestyle strategies can differentially affect specific body adipose depots. Methods -We performed an eighteen-month randomized controlled trial among 278 sedentary adults with abdominal obesity (75%) or dyslipidemia in an isolated workplace with a monitored provided lunch. Participants were randomized to iso-caloric low-fat (LF) or Mediterranean/low-carbohydrate (MED/LC) diet+28g walnuts/day with/without added moderate physical activity (PA;80% aerobic; supervised/free gym membership)...
November 15, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140808/randomized-trial-evaluating-the-effect-of-aged-garlic-extract-with-supplements-versus-placebo-on-adipose-tissue-surrogates-for-coronary-atherosclerosis-progression
#3
Irfan Zeb, Naser Ahmadi, Ferdinand Flores, Matthew J Budoff
AIMS: Increased epicardial adipose tissue (EAT), pericardial adipose tissue (PAT), periaortic adipose tissue (PaAT), and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) are mediators of metabolic risk, and are associated with the severity of coronary artery calcium (CAC). Aged garlic extract (AGE) has been shown to reduce the progression of coronary atherosclerosis. This study evaluates the effect of AGE with supplements (AGE+S) on EAT, PAT, SAT, and PaAT. METHODS: Sixty asymptomatic participants participated in a randomized trial evaluating the effect of AGE+S versus placebo on coronary atherosclerosis progression, and underwent CAC at baseline and after 12 months of treatment...
November 14, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089964/population-based-cohort-study-in-outcome-of-phased-progression-of-atherosclerosis-in-china-persuade-objective-rationale-and-design
#4
Dong-Kai Shan, Yong Zhou, You-Xin Wang, Xiang Gao, Wei Wang, Jun-Jie Yang, Yun-Dai Chen
The coronary artery calcification score and pericardial fat volume have recently been reported to be strongly associated with the severity and presence of coronary atherosclerosis. However, no studies have explored the outcome of phased progression of atherosclerosis by non-contrast computed tomography in asymptomatic people in China. The population-based cohort study in outcome of phased progression of atherosclerosis in China (PERSUADE), an observational, longitudinal and prospective cohort study in a target population of healthy subjects based in Jidong Oilfield (China), prospectively analyzes the outcome of phased progression of atherosclerosis by non-contrast computed tomography in healthy population...
August 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077154/the-differentiation-of-beige-adipocyte-in-pericardial-and-epicardial-adipose-tissues-induces-atrial-fibrillation-development
#5
Y He, N Ma, M Tang, Z-L Jiang, H Liu, J Mei
OBJECTIVE: Growing evidence has identified that excessive accumulation of pericardial adipose tissues (PAT) and epicardial adipose tissues (EAT) is associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) development. Moreover, beige adipocytes, present in PAT and EAT, have been proved beneficial in consumption of fatty acid and promotion of weight lose by nonshivering thermogenesis. The objective of this prospective, observational study was to reveal the potential association between beige adipocytes and AF development...
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038403/-salvage-surgery-for-residual-and-recurred-tumor-after-definitive-chemoradiotherapy
#6
Hiroyuki Ito, Haruhiko Nakayama
BACKGROUND: Standard treatment for clinical N2-locally advanced lung cancer is definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT). For local recurrence or residual tumor after definitive CRT, salvage surgery may have effective treatment option with relatively high operative risk. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prognosis and risk of salvage surgery. METHOD: In 2001 to 2016, postoperative complications, overall survival and relapse free survival rate were examined in 17 patients who underwent salvage surgery after definitive CRT for clinical N2 or more primary lung cancer...
October 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036197/morphometric-measurements-of-systemic-atherosclerosis-and-visceral-fat-evidence-from-an-autopsy-study
#7
Aline Nishizawa, Claudia K Suemoto, Daniela S Farias-Itao, Fernanda M Campos, Karen C S Silva, Marcio S Bittencourt, Lea T Grinberg, Renata E P Leite, Renata E L Ferretti-Rebustini, Jose M Farfel, Wilson Jacob-Filho, Carlos A Pasqualucci
BACKGROUND: Morphometric measurements of systemic atherosclerosis and direct quantification of visceral fat are only possible using materials from autopsy studies. However, the few autopsy studies that have investigated the association of visceral fat with atherosclerosis had small sample sizes and focused on coronary arteries of young or middle-aged White subjects. We aimed to investigate the association of pericardial fat (PF) and abdominal visceral fat (AVF) with atherosclerosis in the aorta, coronary, carotid, and cerebral arteries in a large autopsy study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025708/intermuscular-adipose-tissue-and-subclinical-coronary-artery-calcification-in-midlife-the-cardia-study-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults
#8
James G Terry, Christina M Shay, Pamela J Schreiner, David R Jacobs, Otto A Sanchez, Jared P Reis, David C Goff, Samuel S Gidding, Lyn M Steffen, John Jeffrey Carr
OBJECTIVE: Excess deposition of fat within and around vital organs and nonadipose tissues is hypothesized to contribute to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. We evaluated the association of abdominal intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) volume with coronary artery calcification in CARDIA study (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) participants. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We measured IMAT in the abdominal muscles, visceral adipose tissue and pericardial adipose tissue, and coronary artery calcification using computed tomography in 3051 CARDIA participants (56% women) at the CARDIA year 25 examination (2010-2011)...
October 12, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975197/association-of-multiorgan-computed-tomographic-phenomap-with-adverse-cardiovascular-health-outcomes-the-framingham-heart-study
#9
Ravi V Shah, Ashish S Yeri, Venkatesh L Murthy, Joe M Massaro, Ralph D'Agostino, Jane E Freedman, Michelle T Long, Caroline S Fox, Saumya Das, Emelia J Benjamin, Ramachandran S Vasan, Christopher J O'Donnell, Udo Hoffmann
Importance: Increased ability to quantify anatomical phenotypes across multiple organs provides the opportunity to assess their cumulative ability to identify individuals at greatest susceptibility for adverse outcomes. Objective: To apply unsupervised machine learning to define the distribution and prognostic importance of computed tomography-based multiorgan phenotypes associated with adverse health outcomes. Design, Setting, and Participants: This asymptomatic community-based cohort study included 2924 Framingham Heart Study participants between July 2002 and April 2005 undergoing computed tomographic imaging of the chest and abdomen...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945655/photon-counting-ct-high-resolution-imaging-of-coronary-stents
#10
Manoj Mannil, Tilman Hickethier, Jochen von Spiczak, Matthias Baer, André Henning, Madeleine Hertel, Bernhard Schmidt, Thomas Flohr, David Maintz, Hatem Alkadhi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate computed tomography (CT) imaging characteristics of coronary stents using a novel photon-counting detector (PCD) in comparison with a conventional energy-integrating detector (EID). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this in vitro study, 18 different coronary stents were expanded in plastic tubes of 3 mm diameter, were filled with contrast agent (diluted to an attenuation of 250 Hounsfield units [HU] at 120 kVp), and were sealed...
September 23, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920813/mycobacteriosis-in-captive-psittacines-a-brief-review-and-case-series-in-common-companion-species-eclectus-roratus-amazona-oratrix-and-pionites-melanocephala
#11
Anna Elizabeth McRee, Christine T Higbie, Javier G Nevarez, Nathalie T Rademacher, Thomas N Tully
In 2015, three psittacines were presented within 30 days, each with differing clinical signs and patient histories. A 13-yr-old male eclectus parrot (Eclectus roratus) was presented for weakness, depression, and acute anorexia. On presentation it was determined to have a heart murmur, severely elevated white blood cell count (93.9 10(3)/μl) with a left shift (2.8 10(3)/μl bands), and anemia (30%). Severe hepatomegaly was noted on radiographs, ultrasonography, and computed tomography. A cytological sample of the liver obtained through a fine needle aspirate revealed intracellular acid-fast bacilli identified as Mycobacterium avium...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865431/uncommon-presentation-of-a-rare-tumour-incidental-finding-in-an-asymptomatic-patient-case-report-and-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature-on-intrapericardial-solitary-fibrous-tumours
#12
Csilla Czimbalmos, Ibolya Csecs, Miklos Polos, Elektra Bartha, Nikolette Szucs, Attila Toth, Pal Maurovich-Horvat, David Becker, Zoltan Sapi, Zoltan Szabolcs, Bela Merkely, Hajnalka Vago
BACKGROUND: A solitary fibrous tumour is a rare, mainly benign spindle cell mesenchymal tumour most commonly originating from the pleura. An intrapericardial location of a solitary fibrous tumour is extremely unusual. We present a case of an asymptomatic patient with a slow-growing massive benign cardiac solitary fibrous tumour. CASE PRESENTATION: A 37-year-old asymptomatic female patient was referred to our hospital with an enlarged cardiac silhouette found on her screening chest X-ray...
September 2, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835008/thiamethoxam-and-picoxystrobin-reduce-the-survival-and-overload-the-hepato-nephrocitic-system-of-the-africanized-honeybee
#13
Caio E C Domingues, Fábio Camargo Abdalla, Paulo José Balsamo, Beatriz V R Pereira, Moema de Alencar Hausen, Monica Jones Costa, Elaine C M Silva-Zacarin
Apis mellifera perform important pollination roles in agroecosystems. However, there is often intensive use of systemic pesticides in crops, which can be carried to the colony by forage bees through the collection of contaminated pollen and nectar. Inside the colony, pollen loads are stored by bees that add honey and several enzymes to this pollen. Nevertheless, intra-colonial chronic exposure could induce sublethal effects in young bees exposed to a wide range of pesticides present in these pollen loads. This study was aimed to both determine the survival rate and evaluate the sublethal effects on the hepato-nephrocitic system in response to continuous oral exposure to lower concentrations of neonicotinoid thiamethoxam (TXT) and picoxystrobin fungicide (PXT)...
November 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822806/pericardial-adipose-and-aromatase-a-new-translational-target-for-aging-obesity-and-arrhythmogenesis
#14
Gabriel B Bernasochi, Wah Chin Boon, Claire L Curl, Upasna Varma, Salvatore Pepe, Marianne Tare, Laura J Parry, Evdokia Dimitriadis, Stephen B Harrap, Chrishan J Nalliah, Jonathan M Kalman, Lea M D Delbridge, James R Bell
A correlation exists between the extent of pericardial adipose and atrial fibrillation (AF) risk, though the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Selected adipose depots express high levels of aromatase, capable of converting androgens to estrogens - no studies have investigated aromatase occurrence/expression regulation in pericardial adipose. The Women's Health Initiative reported that estrogen-only therapy in women elevated AF incidence, indicating augmented estrogenic influence may exacerbate cardiac vulnerability...
October 2017: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822563/effect-of-pericardial-fat-volume-and-density-on-markers-of-insulin-resistance-and-inflammation-in-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Chris T Longenecker, Seunghee Margevicius, Yiying Liu, Mark D Schluchter, Chun-Ho Yun, Hiram G Bezerra, Grace A McComsey
Treated human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is characterized by ectopic fat deposition, a persistent inflammatory state, and increased cardiometabolic risk. In this secondary analysis of a placebo controlled trial of rosuvastatin among 147 HIV+ subjects (median age 46; 78% men) on stable antiretroviral therapy, we aimed to evaluate longitudinal associations between computed tomography (CT) measures of pericardial fat (PCF) volume and density, insulin resistance, and inflammation. We measured PCF volume and density (mean attenuation in Hounsfield units) by noncontrast gated CT at baseline and week 96...
October 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817459/relation-between-epicardial-fat-and-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-asymptomatic-individuals
#16
Rami M Abazid, Osama A Smettei, Mohammad Obadah Kattea, Sawsan Sayed, Hanaa Saqqah, Adel M Widyan, Maksymilian P Opolski
PURPOSE: Excessive quantity of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is considered a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). There are limited data, however, on the relationship between the quality of EAT and CAD. We investigated the association between the density and volume of EAT and subclinical CAD defined by positive coronary artery calcification (CAC), using computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 609 consecutive CT scans of patients with a mild to moderate risk for CAD to assess the EAT volume, which was measured manually by tracing the parietal pericardial sac on axial images...
November 2017: Journal of Thoracic Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814394/dynamics-of-intrapericardial-and-extrapericardial-fat-tissues-during-long-term-dietary-induced-moderate-weight-loss
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Gal Tsaban, Arik Wolak, Hila Avni-Hassid, Yftach Gepner, Ilan Shelef, Yaakov Henkin, Dan Schwarzfuchs, Noa Cohen, Nitzan Bril, Michal Rein, Dana Serfaty, Shira Kenigsbuch, Lilac Tene, Hila Zelicha, Anat Yaskolka-Meir, Oded Komy, Avital Bilitzky, Yoash Chassidim, Uta Ceglarek, Michael Stumvoll, Matthias Blüher, Joachim Thiery, Dror Dicker, Assaf Rudich, Meir J Stampfer, Iris Shai
Background: In view of evidence linking pericardial fat accumulation with increased cardiovascular disease risk, strategies to reduce its burden are needed. Data comparing the effects of specific long-term dietary interventions on pericardial fat tissue mobilization are sparse.Objective: We sought to evaluate intrapericardial-fat (IPF) and extrapericardial-fat (EPF) changes during weight-loss interventions by different dietary regimens.Design: During 18 mo of a randomized controlled trial, we compared a Mediterranean/low-carbohydrate (MED/LC) diet plus 28 g walnuts/d with a calorically equal low-fat (LF) diet among randomly assigned participants with moderate abdominal obesity...
October 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762019/epicardial-adipose-tissue-as-a-metabolic-transducer-role-in-heart-failure-and-coronary-artery-disease
#18
REVIEW
Vaibhav B Patel, Saumya Shah, Subodh Verma, Gavin Y Oudit
Obesity and diabetes are strongly associated with metabolic and cardiovascular disorders including dyslipidemia, coronary artery disease, hypertension, and heart failure. Adipose tissue is identified as a complex endocrine organ, which by exerting a wide array of regulatory functions at the cellular, tissue and systemic levels can have profound effects on the cardiovascular system. Different terms including "epicardial," "pericardial," and "paracardial" have been used to describe adipose tissue deposits surrounding the heart...
July 31, 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699002/a-bilateral-approach-to-extended-thymectomy-using-the-da-vinci-surgical-system-for-patients-with-myasthenia-gravis
#19
Koji Kawaguchi, Takayuki Fukui, Shota Nakamura, Tetsuo Taniguchi, Kohei Yokoi
PURPOSE: We adopted a bilateral approach to complete robotic extended thymectomy with the excision of the pericardial fat tissue from both sides and analyzed the initial outcomes. METHODS: The patient cart was docked first from the left shoulder side. After dissection of the thymus and right pericardial fat tissue, the cart was temporarily rolled out, and the bed was rotated approximately 90° clockwise. The cart was then re-docked from the right-side shoulder, and extended thymectomy was performed via the left-side approach...
July 11, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650207/epicardial-pericardial-and-total-cardiac-fat-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-with-elevated-urinary-albumin-excretion-rate
#20
Regitse H Christensen, Bernt J von Scholten, Christian S Hansen, Sarah E Heywood, Jaya B Rosenmeier, Ulrik B Andersen, Peter Hovind, Henrik Reinhard, Hans-Henrik Parving, Bente K Pedersen, Marit E Jørgensen, Peter K Jacobsen, Peter Rossing
Background We evaluated the association of cardiac adipose tissue including epicardial adipose tissue and pericardial adipose tissue with incident cardiovascular disease and mortality, coronary artery calcium, carotid intima media thickness and inflammatory markers. Design A prospective study of 200 patients with type 2 diabetes and elevated urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER). Methods Cardiac adipose tissue was measured from baseline echocardiography. The composite endpoint comprised incident cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
keyword
keyword
36881
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"