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diagnostic criterias

Esra Özdil Demiryürek, Atilla Tekin, Engin Çakmak, Osman Temizkan, Oğuz Karamustafalıoğlu, Sibel Gökova, Enes Demiryürek
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between anger, impulsiveness, and biochemical parameters (testosterone, insulin, insulin resistance) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: We recruited 84 women diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome according to the Rotterdam diagnostic criteria. Psychiatric interviews were performed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders. The Barratt Impulsiveness Scale and the State Trait Anger Expression Inventory were also administered to each participant...
October 6, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Hiroko Fujisato, Masaya Ito, Yoshitake Takebayashi, Hiroki Hosogoshi, Noriko Kato, Shun Nakajima, Mitsuhiro Miyamae, Yuki Oe, Satoshi Usami, Ayako Kanie, Masaru Horikoshi, Matthias Berking
BACKGROUND: The Emotion Regulation Skills Questionnaire (ERSQ) comprehensively assesses nine aspects of emotion regulation skills: awareness, clarity, sensation, understanding, compassionate self-support, modification, acceptance, tolerance, and readiness to confront. However, it is unknown about the levels of emotion regulation skills in various mental disorders, and its cross-cultural validity. We developed a Japanese version of the ERSQ, then examined its validity and reliability in clinical and non-clinical populations...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Ashley de Marchena, Judith Miller
Many individuals with ASD have a distinctive behavioral presentation that is recognizable within moments, a phenomenon we call "frank" ASD. This phenomenon has been discussed informally for decades, perhaps as "classic" ASD; however, there is no unitary "classic" presentation, and classic autism does not seem to correspond to level of functioning. Thus, neither "frank" nor "classic" autism has been delineated or studied as a research construct. To initiate the empirical study of frank ASD, we surveyed 151 clinicians, from a range of disciplines that diagnose ASD, about this phenomenon...
October 21, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
Efe Levent Aras, Cody Bunger, Ebbe Stender Hansen, Rikke Søgaard
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is a lack of evidence on the broad health-care costs of treating spine trauma patients without neurological deficits conservatively. The aim of the present study was to estimate the primary and secondary health-care sector costs associated with conservative treatment of spine fractures as well as their determinants. METHODS: Patients were identified between 1999 and 2008 in the hospital's administrative system based on relevant diagnostic codes...
October 21, 2016: European Spine Journal
Danielle Aberdein, John S Munday, Barbara Gandolfi, Keren E Dittmer, Richard Malik, Dorian J Garrick, Leslie A Lyons
British shorthair (BSH) kittens in multiple litters died as a result of a severe non-neoplastic lymphoproliferative disease that showed many similarities with human autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS). Human ALPS is caused by inherited defects in FAS-mediated lymphocyte apoptosis and the possibility of similar defects was investigated in BSH cats. The whole genomes of two affected kittens were sequenced and compared to 82 existing cat genomes. Both BSH kittens had homozygous insertions of an adenine within exon 3 of the FAS-ligand gene...
October 21, 2016: Mammalian Genome: Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society
Margaret E Hunter, Robert M Dorazio, John S S Butterfield, Gaia Meigs-Friend, Leo G Nico, Jason A Ferrante
A set of universal guidelines is needed to determine the limit of detection (LOD) in PCR-based analyses of low concentration DNA. In particular, environmental DNA (eDNA) studies require sensitive and reliable methods to detect rare and cryptic species through shed genetic material in environmental samples. Current strategies for assessing detection limits of eDNA are either too stringent or subjective, possibly resulting in biased estimates of species' presence. Here, a conservative LOD analysis grounded in analytical chemistry is proposed to correct for overestimated DNA concentrations predominantly caused by the concentration plateau, a nonlinear relationship between expected and measured DNA concentrations...
October 21, 2016: Molecular Ecology Resources
Stefanie Bette, Jens Gempt, Thomas Huber, Claire Delbridge, Bernhard Meyer, Claus Zimmer, Jan S Kirschke, Tobias Boeckh-Behrens
OBJECTIVE Recent studies have indicated that a signal intensity increase of the fluid within the resection cavity on FLAIR images may predict tumor recurrence after glioma surgery. The aim of this study was to assess the increase in FLAIR signal intensity in a large patient cohort and in subgroups to assess its prognostic value for early tumor recurrence in glioma patients. METHODS A total of 212 patients (213 cases) who had undergone surgery for an intracranial glioma (WHO Grade IV [n = 103], WHO Grade III [n = 57], and WHO Grade II [n = 53]) were included in this retrospective study...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Finja Jockenhöfer, Katharina Herberger, Jörg Schaller, Katja Christina Hohaus, Maren Stoffels-Weindorf, Philipp Al Ghazal, Matthias Augustin, Joachim Dissemond
INTRODUCTION: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare neutrophilic, ulcerative skin disease of largely unknown pathophysiology. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, potentially relevant cofactors and comorbidities in patients with PG from three dermatological wound care centers in Germany were evaluated. RESULTS: Of the 121 patients assessed, women (66.9 %) were more frequently affected than men. Patient age ranged from 18 to 96 years (mean 59...
October 2016: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
Arun Agarwal, Aakanksha Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare, underdiagnosed, fatal and devastating hyperinflammatory syndrome that has gained increasing recognition over the past decade. Patients with HLH present with clinical and laboratory evidence of uncontrolled inflammation. Delay in diagnosis and management inevitably leads to a rapidly progressive and fatal course. In this case series, we present 7 cases of secondary HLH (sHLH) in adults with their presentation, course, and outcomes...
October 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Demet Dingoyan, Mike Mösko, Yadigar Imamoğlu, Alessa von Wolff, Jens Strehle, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Holger Schulz, Uwe Koch-Gromus, Andreas Heinz, Ulrike Kluge
The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI), which has been widely applied in epidemiological research, is a standardized, clinically structured interview that enables the diagnosis of mental disorders based on DSM and ICD criteria. The computerized DIA-X CIDI Version 2.8 investigated in this study is an adaptation of the German DIA-X/Munich CIDI, which was translated in a multi-step process into Turkish and used to survey the prevalence of mental disorders in individuals with Turkish migration backgrounds in Germany (N = 662)...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Jayita De, Anne P F Wand, Peter I Smerdely, Glenn E Hunt
OBJECTIVE: To measure the diagnostic accuracy of the 4A's test in screening for delirium in geriatric inpatients from culturally diverse backgrounds. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted with patients admitted to the geriatric and orthogeriatric services of a tertiary teaching hospital. Consenting participants aged 65 years and over were screened for delirium with the 4AT by nursing staff within 72 h of admission. The diagnosis of delirium was made separately by expert assessors, responsible for the participant's clinical care, blinded to the 4AT score, within 30 min of the 4AT assessment using the DSM 5 criteria and the Confusion Assessment Method...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Matthew T Keough, Jeffrey D Wardell, Christian S Hendershot, R Michael Bagby, Lena C Quilty
Gray's Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST) predicts that the Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) may relate to coping-motivated problem gambling, given its central role in anxiety. Studies examining the BIS-problem gambling association, however, are mixed. The revised RST posits that the Behavioral Approach System (BAS) may moderate the effect of the BIS on coping-motivated problem gambling. A concurrently strong BAS may highlight the negatively reinforcing effects of gambling, which may strengthen coping motives and increase gambling-related harms...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
Changqing Yin, Changliang Luo, Wei Hu, Xu Ding, Chunhui Yuan, Fubing Wang
As part of "liquid biopsy," lots of literature indicated the potential diagnostic value of circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in the management of prostate cancer (PCa). However, the literature on the accuracy of cfDNA detection in PCa has been inconsistent. Hence, we performed this meta-analysis to assess the diagnostic value of cfDNA in PCa. A total of 19 articles were included in this analysis according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. We then investigated two main subgroups in this meta-analysis, including qualitative analysis of abnormal level of cfDNA and qualitative analysis of single-gene methylation alterations...
2016: Disease Markers
Keiju Aokage, Junji Yoshida, Tomoyuki Hishida, Masahiro Tsuboi, Hisashi Saji, Morihito Okada, Kenji Suzuki, Syunichi Watanabe, Hisao Asamura
Since 'radical lobectomy' was reported by Cahan in 1960, the standard surgical care for lung cancer has been lobectomy, in which units of the lobe are excised with their specific regional hilar and mediastinal lymphatics. However, pulmonary function-preserving limited resection for lung cancer has gradually become more prevalent in the late 20th century. In 1995, Ginsberg et al. conducted a randomized controlled trial in which limited resection (segmentectomy and wide-wedge resection) and lobectomy for stage I lung cancer were compared and reported that limited resection should not be applied to healthy patients with clinical stage IA lung cancer...
October 20, 2016: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
Yasmine Mendes Pupo, Leticia Lopes Quirino Pantoja, Flavia Fusco Veiga, José Stechman-Neto, Liete Figueiredo Zwir, Paulo Vitor Farago, Graziela De Luca Canto, André Luís Porporatti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic validity of clinical examination protocols compared with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in adults with temporomandibular joint disk displacement disorders. STUDY DESIGN: According to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, a systematic review was undertaken using a selection process in 2 phases; 283 different references were identified, and 10 articles were included for qualitative analysis and 7 for meta-analysis...
November 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Zhenchuan Lin, Chen Zhao, Qimei Luo, Xi Xia, Xueqing Yu, Fengxian Huang
INTRODUCTION: Nowadays prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients was reported in many studies, while the results varied. The aim of our study was to investigate the prevalence of RLS in this population, considering different data collecting measures and diagnostic criteria. METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, and Scopus databases were searched for relevant studies. We limited the analyses to studies using clinical interview or questionnaire for diagnosis...
October 20, 2016: Renal Failure
Kok-Ann Gwee, Paul Bergmans, JinYong Kim, Bogdana Coudsy, Angelia Sim, Minhu Chen, Lin Lin, Xiaohua Hou, Huahong Wang, Khean-Lee Goh, John A Pangilinan, Nayoung Kim, Stanislas Bruley des Varannes
Background/Aims: There is a need for a simple and practical tool adapted for the diagnosis of chronic constipation (CC) in the Asian population. This study compared the Asian Neurogastroenterology and Motility Association (ANMA) CC tool and Rome III criteria for the diagnosis of CC in Asian subjects. Methods: This multicenter, cross-sectional study included subjects presenting at outpatient gastrointestinal clinics across Asia. Subjects with CC alert symptoms completed a combination Diagnosis Questionnaire to obtain a diagnosis based on 4 different diagnostic methods: self-defined, investigator's judgment, ANMA CC tool, and Rome III criteria...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
Abhijit Sen, Signe Opdahl, Linn Beate Strand, Lars Johan Vatten, Lars Erik Laugsand, Imre Janszky
BACKGROUND: The association of insomnia with subsequent breast cancer risk is largely unknown. Therefore, we assessed whether different symptoms of insomnia and their combination are associated with incident breast cancer in a large population-based study. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 33,332 women were followed to monitor the occurrence of their first invasive breast cancer identified by the Cancer Registry of Norway. Insomnia symptoms including (1) nonrestorative sleep and (2>) difficulty initiating and (3) maintaining sleep were self-reported using a study specific measure reflecting the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders criteria...
October 19, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
Elisa Bruno, Alessandra Nicoletti, Graziella Quattrocchi, Graziella Filippini, Carlo Colosimo, Mario Zappia
BACKGROUND: Essential tremor is one of the most common movement disorders. Treatment primarily consists of pharmacological agents. While primidone and propranolol are well-established treatments in clinical practice, they may be ineffective in 25% to 55% of patients and can produce serious adverse events in a large percentage of them. For these reasons, it is worth evaluating the treatment alternatives for essential tremor. Some specialists have suggested that pregabalin could be a potentially useful agent, but there is uncertainty about its efficacy and safety...
October 20, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Michele M Merten, M Regina Castro, Jun Zhang, Jolanta M Durski, Mabel Ryder
BACKGROUND: Cytologically defined indeterminate thyroid nodules are a diagnostic challenge. Surgical lobectomy remains gold standard for definitive diagnosis, however, 70-85% of nodules are ultimately benign. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the negative predictive value (NPV) of F18-Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission computed tomography (PET/CT) in excluding cancer among cytologically indeterminate thyroid nodules within our institution using surgical pathology as a gold standard reference and to perform a systematic review of published prospective studies on the NPV of PET/CT in evaluating indeterminate thyroid nodules...
October 20, 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
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