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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820689/reliability-of-diagnostic-criteria-for-neurocysticercosis-for-patients-with-ventricular-cystic-lesions-or-granulomas-a-systematic-review
#1
Javier A Bustos, Hector H García, Oscar H Del Brutto
Intraventricular neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a severe form of NCC requiring prompt diagnosis and treatment. We aimed to assess the reliability of the most recent version of diagnostic criteria for this form of NCC. Two systematic literature reviews were performed; one included case reports of patients with intraventricular cysticercosis and the other included case reports of patients with intraventricular cystic lesions or granulomas caused by infections other than NCC. All assessed cases were categorized according to the last revision of the long-standing Del Brutto's set of diagnostic criteria to determine its sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value for this form of NCC...
July 31, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820362/characterization-of-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-who-meet-the-diagnostic-criteria-for-tafro-syndrome
#2
E Hasegawa, H Sato, Y Wada, K Takai, A Wakamatsu, Y Nozawa, T Nakatsue, T Kuroda, Y Suzuki, M Nakano, I Narita
Purpose TAFRO syndrome is a novel disorder manifesting as fever, anasarca, thrombocytopenia, renal insufficiency and organomegaly, and its etiology has not been clarified. The aim of this study was to elucidate similarities and differences between systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and TAFRO syndrome. Methods We examined 46 consecutive patients diagnosed with SLE and determined whether they meet the proposed diagnostic criteria for TAFRO syndrome (2015 version). Results Of the 46 patients with SLE, four (8...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820339/emergence-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-sri-lanka-a-newly-established-health-threat
#3
H V Y D Siriwardana, P Karunanayake, L Goonerathne, N D Karunaweera
BACKGROUND: Sri Lanka is a new focus of human cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by a genetic variant of usually visceralizing parasite Leishmania donovani. Over 3000 cases have been reported to our institution alone, during the past two decades. Recent emergence of visceral leishmaniasis is of concern. METHODS: Patients suspected of having visceral leishmaniasis (n = 120) fulfilling at least two of six criteria (fever > 2 weeks, weight loss, tiredness affecting daily functions, splenomegaly, hepatomegaly and anemia) were studied using clinic-epidemiological, immunological and haematological parameters...
August 18, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819869/new-echocardiographic-parameters-in-the-diagnosis-of-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#4
Monika Špinarová, Jaroslav Meluzín, Helena Podroužková, Radka Štěpánová, Lenka Špinarová
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a serious clinical disease. The pathophysiology of HFpEF is complex, and specific diagnostic criteria have evolved over time. Limited data are available on the quantification of diastolic function using two-dimensional real-time echocardiography, and a simple parameter has not yet been established. The aim of this work is to evaluate new echocardiographic parameters-the diastolic wall strain of the posterior wall (DWS PW) and the vortex formation time (VFT)...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819792/validation-of-the-acr-eular-classification-criteria-for-systemic-sclerosis-in-patients-with-early-scleroderma
#5
Farley Carvalho Araújo, Cíntia Zumstein Camargo, Cristiane Kayser
The aim of this study was to validate the 2013 ACR/EULAR classification criteria for systemic sclerosis (SSc) in patients with SSc, including patients with early SSc. Fifty-six consecutive patients with early SSc (2001 LeRoy and Medsger criteria), 122 patients with established SSc (1980 ACR classification criteria), and 141 patients with SSc-like disorders were included in this cross-sectional study. The diagnostic performance of the 2013 ACR/EULAR criteria was compared with the 1980 ACR criteria in several subsets of patients...
August 17, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819755/importance-of-fna-technique-for-decreasing-non-diagnostic-rates-in-thyroid-nodules
#6
Amarbir S Gill, Richard Amdur, Arjun S Joshi
To identify potential interventions that may lower the high non-diagnostic rates associated with ultrasound guided (US) fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy of the thyroid nodule. A case series of 164 thyroid nodule US-guided FNA was identified retrospectively. The following variables were analyzed in regards to diagnostic and non-diagnostic sampling: patient age, gender, size of nodule, biopsy technique (capillary vs. aspiration), needle gauge (23 vs. 25), and physician experience. The FNA diagnosis, and final pathology, when applicable, was recorded for each sample using the Bethesda criteria...
August 17, 2017: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819596/complex-regional-pain-syndrome-following-an-episode-of-herpes-zoster-a-case-report
#7
Christopher E Marrero, Neuyen Mclean, Keyana Varnado
INTRODUCTION: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is characterized by searing pain, hyperalgesia, edema, allodynia, and skin changes. CRPS may be difficult to diagnose and to treat given poorly understood mechanisms as well as its presentation of symptoms that may mimic common conditions such as joint stiffness in this condition as well as rheumatoid arthritis. CASE REPORT: A 71-year-old female presented to our clinic post shingles of the right upper extremity...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819517/dental-dermatological-and-radiographic-findings-in-a-case-of-gorlin-goltz-syndrome-report-and-review
#8
Kumar Nilesh, Shivsagar Tewary, Sameer Zope, Jinesh Patel, Aaditee Vande
Gorlin-Goltz syndrome (GGS) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder. The disease shows multiple organ involvement with variable clinical presentation. Thus a multidisciplinary approach is required for its prompt clinical diagnosis and management of this condition. This paper highlights a case of GGS presenting in a young male patient with cranial, facial, dermatological, dental and skeletal involvement. The diagnosis of the syndrome was based on its clinical presentation, radiological features and histopathological findings...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819424/circulating-tumor-cells-and-microemboli-can-differentiate-malignant-and-benign-pulmonary-lesions
#9
Mario Mascalchi, Cristina Maddau, Lapo Sali, Elena Bertelli, Francesca Salvianti, Stefania Zuccherelli, Marzia Matucci, Alessandra Borgheresi, Claudio Raspanti, Monica Lanzetta, Massimo Falchini, Ernesto Mazza, Alessandra Vella, Michaela Luconi, Pamela Pinzani, Mario Pazzagli
The presence of circulating tumor cells (CTC) or microemboli (CTM) in the peripheral blood can theoretically anticipate malignancy of solid lesions in a variety of organs. We aimed to preliminarily assess this capability in patients with pulmonary lesions of suspected malignant nature. We used a cell-size filtration method (ScreenCell) and cytomorphometric criteria to detect CTC/CTM in a 3 mL sample of peripheral blood that was taken just before diagnostic percutaneous CT-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) or core biopsy of the suspicious lung lesion...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819389/discovery-of-non-invasive-glycan-biomarkers-for-detection-and-surveillance-of-gastric-cancer
#10
Ruihuan Qin, Junjie Zhao, Wenjun Qin, Zejian Zhang, Ran Zhao, Jing Han, Yupeng Yang, Lixiao Li, Xuefei Wang, Shifang Ren, Yihong Sun, Jianxin Gu
Purpose: Gastric cancer (GC), one of the world's top five most common cancers, is the third leading cause of cancer related death. It is urgent to identify non-invasive biomarkers for GC. The objective of our study was to find out non-invasive biomarkers for early detection and surveillance of GC based on glycomic analysis. Method: Ethyl esterification derivatization combined with MALDI-TOF MS analysis was employed for the comprehensive serum glycomic analysis in order to investigate glycan markers that would indicate the onset and progression of gastric cancer...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819290/progress-towards-non-invasive-diagnosis-and-follow-up-of-celiac-disease-in-children-a-prospective-multicentre-study-to-the-usefulness-of-plasma-i-fabp
#11
M P M Adriaanse, A Mubarak, R G Riedl, F J W Ten Kate, J G M C Damoiseaux, W A Buurman, R H J Houwen, A C E Vreugdenhil
This prospective study investigates whether measurement of plasma intestinal-fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP), a sensitive marker for small intestinal epithelial damage, improves non-invasive diagnosing of celiac disease (CD), and whether I-FABP levels are useful to evaluate mucosal healing in patients on a gluten-free diet (GFD). Ninety children with elevated tTG-IgA titres and HLA-DQ2/DQ8 positivity were included (study group). Duodenal biopsies were taken, except in those fulfilling the ESPGHAN criteria...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818990/clinical-use-and-utility-of-amyloid-imaging
#12
Henryk Barthel, Osama Sabri
Currently, three amyloid PET tracers are approved and commercially available for clinical use. They allow for the accurate in vivo detection of amyloid plaques, one hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, we review the current knowledge on the clinical use and utility of amyloid imaging. Appropriate use criteria for the clinical application of amyloid imaging are established, and most currently available data point to their validity. Visual amyloid image analysis is highly standardized. Disclosure of amyloid imaging results is desired by many cognitively impaired subjects, and seems to be safe once appropriate education is delivered to the disclosing clinicians...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818851/inotropes-for-preterm-babies-during-the-transition-period-after-birth-friend-or-foe
#13
REVIEW
Heike Rabe, Hector Rojas-Anaya
During the transition to extrauterine life, preterm infants are at high risk of developing circulatory failure. Currently, hypotension is used as major diagnostic criteria for starting treatments such as fluid boluses, inotropes or steroids. Most of these treatment options have not been studied in large randomised controlled trials for efficacy and safety and are under discussions. A wide variety in their use is reported in the literature and clear evidence about which inotrope or other treatment should be preferred is lacking...
August 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818717/the-effect-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-on-the-risk-of-developing-prescription-opioid-use-disorder-results-from-the-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions-iii
#14
Ahmed N Hassan, Bernard Le Foll, Sameer Imtiaz, Jürgen Rehm
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of baseline post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and each symptoms cluster on the risk of developing opioid use disorder (OUD) in those exposed to opioid painkillers and to assess the effect of comorbid PTSD and OUD on functioning, OUD severity, and treatment seeking compared with individuals with OUD only. METHODS: We obtained data from 4025 individuals exposed to opioid painkillers from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions III...
August 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818219/contemporary-outcomes-after-venography-guided-treatment-of-patients-with-may-thurner-syndrome
#15
Johnathon C Rollo, Steven M Farley, Adam Z Oskowitz, Karen Woo, Brian G DeRubertis
OBJECTIVE: Patients with May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) present with a spectrum of findings ranging from mild left leg edema to extensive iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Whereas asymptomatic left common iliac vein (LCIV) compression can be seen in a high proportion of normal individuals on axial imaging, the percentage of these persons with symptomatic compression is small, and debate exists about the optimal clinical and diagnostic criteria to treat these lesions in patients with symptomatic venous disease...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818065/case-reports-of-two-pedigrees-with-recessive-arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-cardiomyopathy-associated-with-homozygous-thr335ala-variant-in-dsg2
#16
Sami Qadri, Olli Anttonen, Juho Viikilä, Eija H Seppälä, Samuel Myllykangas, Tero-Pekka Alastalo, Miia Holmström, Tiina Heliö, Juha W Koskenvuo
BACKGROUND: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited cardiac disease, involving changes in ventricular myocardial tissue and leading to fatal arrhythmias. Mutations in desmosomal genes are thought to be the main cause of ARVC. However, the exact molecular genetic etiology of the disease still remains largely inconclusive, and this along with large variabilities in clinical manifestations complicate clinical diagnostics. CASE PRESENTATION: We report two families (n = 20) in which a desmoglein-2 (DSG2) missense variant c...
August 17, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817409/trest-as-a-new-diagnostic-variable-for-chronic-exertional-compartment-syndrome-of-the-forearm-a-prospective-cohort-analysis-of-124-athletes
#17
Sergi Barrera-Ochoa, Eva Correa-Vazquez, Irene Gallardo-Calero, Sleiman Haddad, Andrea Sallent, Francisco Soldado, David Campillo-Recio, Xavier Mir-Bullo
OBJECTIVES: To measure the accuracy of currently used intracompartmental pressure (ICP) diagnostic variables for forearm chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) and a new ICP diagnostic variable, TRest, the recovery time between the maximum ICP and return to resting pressure. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. Level evidence IV. SETTING: University-affiliated tertiary hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with suspected forearm CECS, 1990 to 2014...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817230/recent-findings-on-fulminant-type-1-diabetes
#18
REVIEW
Lan Liu, Ling Zeng, Dan Sang, Zeyuan Lu, Jie Shen
Fulminant type 1 diabetes (fT1D) is a new subtype of type 1 diabetes proposed by Imagawa in 2000. It is a clinical syndrome characterized by a markedly rapid and almost complete destruction of pancreatic β cells. Metabolic derangement is more severe in this subtype than in autoimmune type 1 diabetes. The incidence of fT1D is associated with HLA DRB1*04:05DQB1*04:01, both innate and acquired immune disorders might contribute to the development of fT1D. The presence of specific innate immune responses to enterovirus infection connected with enhanced adoptive immune pathways responsible for aggressive β cell toxicity in fT1D...
August 17, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816509/shp465-mixed-amphetamine-salts-in-the-treatment-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-results-of-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#19
Matthew Brams, Ann C Childress, Michael Greenbaum, Ming Yu, Brian Yan, Margo Jaffee, Brigitte Robertson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of SHP465 mixed amphetamine salts (MAS) in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: This randomized, double-blind dose-optimization study enrolled children and adolescents (6-17 years) meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision ADHD criteria and having baseline ADHD Rating Scale IV (ADHD-RS-IV) total scores ≥28...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816496/icd-11-gaming-disorder-needed-and-just-in-time-or-dangerous-and%C3%A2-much%C3%A2-too%C3%A2-early
#20
Wim van den Brink
In their debate contribution, Aarseth et al. (2016) strongly argue against the proposal of WHO ICD-11 (International Classification of Diseases, 11th revision) to include Gaming Disorder as a new diagnostic category emphasizing the fact that no consensus exists on the definition and the risk that gaming will be demonized and gamers stigmatized resulting in a tsunami of false positive referrals to treatment. In this commentary, it is argued that gaming is indeed just another relatively innocent recreational activity with only a small minority losing control resulting in gaming-related problems...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
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