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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144256/association-of-adhd-with-increased-motor-vehicle-crashes
#1
Mário Rodrigues Louzã
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143762/executive-function-capacities-negative-driving-behavior-and-crashes-in-young-drivers
#2
REVIEW
Elizabeth A Walshe, Chelsea Ward McIntosh, Daniel Romer, Flaura K Winston
Motor vehicle crashes remain a leading cause of injury and death in adolescents, with teen drivers three times more likely to be in a fatal crash when compared to adults. One potential contributing risk factor is the ongoing development of executive functioning with maturation of the frontal lobe through adolescence and into early adulthood. Atypical development resulting in poor or impaired executive functioning (as in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) has been associated with risky driving and crash outcomes...
October 28, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142380/epidemiological-study-of-patients-of-road-traffic-injuries-attending-emergency-department-of-a-trauma-center-in-new-delhi
#3
Puneet Misra, Anindo Majumdar, Mahesh Chandra Misra, Shashi Kant, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta, Amit Gupta, Subodh Kumar
Background and Aims: There is paucity of data regarding some of the lesser known contextual and epidemiological factors with respect to road traffic injuries (RTIs). The objective was to study the epidemiological profile of RTI victims attending an emergency department of a tertiary care trauma center. Methods: The present study was a hospital-based cross-sectional study conducted in the emergency department of a tertiary care trauma center in New Delhi. All patients of RTI attending the emergency department during the designated data collection days were included in the study...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138586/association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-sensorineural-hearing-loss-a-cross-sectional-study-of-11-114-participants
#4
Javad Aghazadeh-Attari, Behnam Mansorian, Mohammad Mirza-Aghazadeh-Attari, Jamal Ahmadzadeh, Iraj Mohebbi
Background/objectives: Hearing loss (HL) is associated with certain diseases and affects health, resulting in a low quality of life. Some components of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) coincide with the risk factors for sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). To date, very few studies have examined the link between MetS and HL. The aim of the current study was to try to understand the potential association between MetS and HL. Methods: Using Iranian health surveys of professional drivers, we enrolled 11,114 individuals aged 20-60 years, whose main job is to operate a motor vehicle...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136558/autonomous-vehicles-disengagements-trends-triggers-and-regulatory-limitations
#5
Francesca Favarò, Sky Eurich, Nazanin Nader
Autonomous Vehicle (AV) technology is quickly becoming a reality on US roads. Testing on public roads is currently undergoing, with many AV makers located and testing in Silicon Valley, California. The California Department of Motor Vehicles (CA DMV) currently mandates that any vehicle tested on California public roads be retrofitted to account for a back-up human driver, and that data related to disengagements of the AV technology be publicly available. Disengagements data is analyzed in this work, given the safety-critical role of AV disengagements, which require the control of the vehicle to be handed back to the human driver in a safe and timely manner...
November 11, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132272/traumatic-brain-injury-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-conceptual-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-considerations-in-the-context-of-co-occurrence
#6
Jennifer J Vasterling, Shawna N Jacob, Ann Rasmusson
The events leading to traumatic brain injury (TBI) are often psychologically traumatic (e.g., motor vehicle accidents) or occur within a broader context of psychological trauma, such as military combat or recurrent interpersonal violence. In such cases, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may develop and serve to complicate TBI recovery. Likewise, brain trauma may impede emotional resolution following psychological trauma exposure. This article addresses comorbid PTSD and TBI, including the epidemiology of PTSD following TBI; the clinical presentation of the comorbidity; potential mechanisms that complicate recovery from psychological trauma and TBI when they co-occur; and considerations for the clinical management of PTSD in the context of TBI, including implications for both psychosocial and psychopharmacological PTSD treatments...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130941/remote-ischemia-preconditioning-attenuates-blood-spinal-cord-barrier-breakdown-in-rats-undergoing-spinal-cord-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-associated-with-activation-and-upregulation-of-cb1-and-cb2-receptors
#7
Na Jing, Bo Fang, Zhi-Lin Wang, Hong Ma
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) has protective effects on spinal cord ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury, but the potential mechanisms remain unclear. In our study, the effects and underlying mechanisms of RIPC on blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB) breakdown following I/R injury were investigated. METHODS: animals underwent intraperitoneal administration with cannabinoid-1 (CB1) receptor antagonist AM251, cannabinoid-2 (CB2) receptor antagonist AM630 or vehicle 15 minutes before three 3-minute occlusion-reperfusion cycles on the right femoral artery or a sham operation...
October 31, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130805/rehabilitative-success-after-brain-trauma-by-augmenting-a-subtherapeutic-dose-of-environmental-enrichment-with-galantamine
#8
Patricia B de la Tremblaye, Jody L Wellcome, Benjamin Wells de Witt, Jeffrey P Cheng, Elizabeth R Skidmore, Corina O Bondi, Anthony E Kline
BACKGROUND: Environmental enrichment (EE) confers benefits after traumatic brain injury (TBI) when provided daily for > 6 hours, but not 2 or 4 hours, which more accurately reflects the daily amount of clinical rehabilitation. The lack of benefit with sub-therapeutic EE suggests that augmentation with galantamine (GAL), which enhances cognition after TBI, may be indicated to confer benefits. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that 2 and 4 hours of EE paired with GAL will provide benefits comparable to 24 hours of EE alone...
November 1, 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128393/rem-sleep-deprivation-and-dopaminergic-d2-receptors-modulation-increase-recognition-memory-in-an-animal-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Adriano D S Targa, Ana Carolina D Noseda, Lais S Rodrigues, Mariana F Aurich, Marcelo M S Lima
Cognitive impairment is an important non-motor symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). The neuronal death in nigrostriatal pathway is the main factor for motor symptoms and recent studies indicate a possible influence in non-motor symptoms as well. The pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPT) and basal ganglia are closely related anatomically and functionally and, since they are affected by neurodegeneration in PD, they might be involved in recognition memory. To investigate this, we promoted an ibotenic acid lesion within the PPT or a rotenone lesion within substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) of Wistar rats, followed by 24h of REM sleep deprivation (REMSD)...
November 8, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127893/traumatic-fatal-aortic-rupture-in-motorcycle-drivers
#10
Guido Pelletti, Giovanni Cecchetto, Alessia Viero, Maria De Matteis, Guido Viel, Massimo Montisci
Traumatic fatal aortic rupture (FAR) is a common finding in victims of motor vehicle crashes (MVC), but its aetiology and mechanisms of production remain an issue of major concern, above all in motorcyclists. This study reports a series of cases obtained from a retrospective analysis of traumatic FARs occurring in motorcycle drivers, with the aim of defining the injury patterns and correlating them with the mechanisms of FAR production. Circumstantial, autopsy and histology data were collected through a retrospective analysis of post mortem examinations performed at the Institute of Legal Medicine of the University of Padova between 2014 and 2016...
November 6, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126462/prediction-of-drowsiness-events-in-night-shift-workers-during-morning-driving
#11
Yulan Liang, William J Horrey, Mark E Howard, Michael L Lee, Clare Anderson, Michael S Shreeve, Conor S O'Brien, Charles A Czeisler
The morning commute home is an especially vulnerable time for workers engaged in night shift work due to the heightened risk of experiencing drowsy driving. One strategy to manage this risk is to monitor the driver's state in real time using an in vehicle monitoring system and to alert drivers when they are becoming sleepy. The primary objective of this study is to build and evaluate predictive models for drowsiness events occurring in morning drives using a variety of physiological and performance data gathered under a real driving scenario...
November 7, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126022/the-impact-of-police-presence-on-angry-and-aggressive-driving
#12
Predrag Stanojević, Mark J M Sullman, Dragan Jovanović, Dragana Stanojević
An extensive body of research has found that angry and aggressive driving are both significantly related to crash involvement. There has also been a large body of research investigating the situational factors related to angry and aggressive driving, but one interesting question that has not yet been answered is whether the enforcement of traffic laws causes or reduces angry and aggressive driving. The independent region of Northern Kosovo represents a unique opportunity to investigate the impact of a lack of traffic enforcement on driving behaviour...
November 7, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123604/factors-behind-not-using-child-restrain-t-among-hospital-employees-and-general-population-a-case-control-study
#13
Emad Siddiqui, Badar Afzal, Ghazala Kazi, Asher Feroz, Rubaba Naeem, Tarab Mansoor, Ahreen Allana, Saif Siddiqui, Zain Siddiqui
BACKGROUND: Motor vehicle crash (MVC) related injury has been identified as a major public health concern. Child restrain (CR) seat belts can minimize the mortality and morbidity from MVC. The use for seat belts is substantially low in developing countries like Pakistan even though its use has been shown to decrease morbidity and mortality by a significant extent. METHODS: This was a case control study with cases from the general population (GP) and controls from the Aga Khan University (AKU) employees in a 3:1 ratio...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123403/effects-of-short-term-piano-training-on-measures-of-finger-tapping-somatosensory-perception-and-motor-related-brain-activity-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy
#14
Ana Alves-Pinto, Stefan Ehrlich, Gordon Cheng, Varvara Turova, Tobias Blumenstein, Renée Lampe
Playing a musical instrument demands the integration of sensory and perceptual information with motor processes in order to produce a harmonic musical piece. The diversity of brain mechanisms involved and the joyful character of playing an instrument make musical instrument training a potential vehicle for neurorehabilitation of motor skills in patients with cerebral palsy (CP). This clinical condition is characterized by motor impairments that can affect, among others, manual function, and limit severely the execution of basic daily activities...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122803/a-population-based-case-control-study-of-hospitalisation-due-to-head-injuries-among-bicyclists-and-motorcyclists-in-taiwan
#15
Chih-Wei Pai, Yi-Chu Chen, Hsiao-Yu Lin, Ping-Ling Chen
INTRODUCTION: According to official statistics in Taiwan, the main body region of injury causing bicyclist deaths is the head, and bicyclists are 2.6 times more likely to be fatally injured than motorcyclists. There is currently a national helmet law for motorcyclists but not for bicyclists. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to determine whether bicyclist casualties have higher odds of head-related hospitalisation than motorcyclists. This study also aims to investigate the determinants of head injury-related hospitalisation among bicyclists and motorcyclists...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121894/frequency-of-acute-cervical-and-lumbar-pathology-in-common-types-of-motor-vehicle-collisions-a-retrospective-record-review
#16
Rami Hashish, Hasan Badday
BACKGROUND: There are more than 5 million motor vehicle collisions annually in the United States, resulting in more than 2 million injured occupants. The most common types of collisions are head-on impacts, rear-ends, side-swipes, and t-bones, whilst the most common injury sites are the cervical and lumbar spine. The purpose of this retrospective record review was to examine the differences in frequency of cervical and lumbar pathology across and between these common collision types. METHODS: Nine-hundred and three patients were included in this analysis, 88 of whom described being in a head-on collision, 546 in a rear-end, 123 in a side-swipe, and 146 in a t-bone...
November 9, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121383/a-novel-etiology-for-pneumolabyrinth-after-temporal-bone-fracture-without-otic-capsule-involvement
#17
Thomas J Muelleman, Vidur Bhalla, Hinrich Staecker
Pneumolabyrinth has been considered an indicator of otic capsule involvement in temporal bone fractures. We present a novel theory for the etiology of pneumolabyrinth in a trauma patient without an otic capsule fracture: passage of intrathecal air into the labyrinth. Our patient experienced transient bilateral pneumolabyrinth after head trauma due to a motor vehicle collision. The patient was noted to have extensive pneumocephalus and a unilateral temporal bone fracture that spared the otic capsule. Initial computed tomography (CT) scans demonstrated air in the cochlea and both internal auditory canals...
October 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120311/alberta-s-provincial-take-home-naloxone-program-a-multi-sectoral-and-multi-jurisdictional-response-to-overdose
#18
Lisa K Freeman, Stacey Bourque, Nick Etches, Karin Goodison, Claire O'Gorman, Kay Rittenbach, Christopher A Sikora, Mark Yarema
SETTING: Alberta is a prairie province located in western Canada, with a population of approximately 4.3 million. In 2016, 363 Albertans died from apparent drug overdoses related to fentanyl, an opioid 50-100 times more toxic than morphine. This surpassed the number of deaths from motor vehicle collisions and homicides combined. INTERVENTION: Naloxone is a safe, effective, opioid antagonist that may quickly reverse an opioid overdose. In July 2015, a committee of community-based harm reduction programs in Alberta implemented a geographically restricted take-home naloxone (THN) program...
November 9, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117963/population-based-study-of-ischemic-stroke-risk-after-trauma-in-children-and-young-adults
#19
Christine K Fox, Nancy K Hills, David R Vinson, Adam L Numis, Rochelle A Dicker, Stephen Sidney, Heather J Fullerton
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the incidence, timing, and risk of ischemic stroke after trauma in a population-based young cohort. METHODS: We electronically identified trauma patients (<50 years old) from a population enrolled in a Northern Californian integrated health care delivery system (1997-2011). Within this cohort, we identified cases of arterial ischemic stroke within 4 weeks of trauma and 3 controls per case. A physician panel reviewed medical records, confirmed cases, and adjudicated whether the stroke was related to trauma...
November 8, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107481/physical-examination-is-the-best-predictor-of-the-need-for-abdominal-surgery-in-children-following-motor-vehicle-collision
#20
Natalie A Drucker, Lucas McDuffie, Eric Groh, Jodi Hackworth, Teresa M Bell, Troy A Markel
BACKGROUND: Exploratory laparotomy in children after motor vehicle collision (MVC) is rare. In the absence of definitive hemorrhage or free abdominal air on radiographic imaging, predictors for operative exploration are conflicting. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore objective findings that may aid in determining which children require operative abdominal exploration after MVC. METHODS: Data from 2010-2014 at an American College of Surgeons-certified level 1 pediatric trauma center were retrospectively reviewed...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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