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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453402/evaluation-of-carbon-emission-reductions-promoted-by-private-driving-restrictions-based-on-afc-data-in-beijing
#1
Wandi Zhang, Feng Chen, Zijia Wang, Jianling Huang, Bo Wang
Public transportation automatic fare collection (AFC) systems are able to continuously record large amounts of passenger travel information, providing massive, low-cost data for research on regulations pertaining to public transport. This data can be used not only to analyze characteristics of passengers' trips but also to evaluate transport policies that promote a travel mode shift and emission reduction. In this study, models combining card, survey, and GIS data are established with a research focus on the private driving restriction policies being implemented in an ever-increasing number of cities...
April 28, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448790/drinking-and-driving-behavior-at-stop-signs-and-red-lights
#2
Jingyan Wan, Changxu Wu, Yiqi Zhang, Rebecca J Houston, Chang Wen Chen, Panya Chanawangsa
Alcohol is one of the principal risk factors for motor vehicle crashes. One factor that contributes to vehicle crashes is noncompliance with stop signs and red lights. The present experiment investigated the effects of alcohol and drinking patterns on driving behavior at stop signs and red lights. 28 participants participated in drinking and simulated driving sessions during which they received a moderate dose of alcohol (0.08% BAC) or a placebo. Simulated driving tasks measured participants' driving performance at stop signs and red lights in response to each dose...
April 24, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445364/n-acetylcysteine-prevents-retrograde-motor-neuron-death-after-neonatal-peripheral-nerve-injury
#3
Joseph Catapano, Jennifer Zhang, David Scholl, Cameron Chiang, Tessa Gordon, Gregory H Borschel
BACKGROUND: Neuronal death may be an overlooked and unaddressed component of disability following neonatal nerve injuries, such as obstetric brachial plexus injury. N-acetylcysteine and acetyl-L-carnitine improve survival of neurons after adult nerve injury, but it is unknown whether they improve survival after neonatal injury, when neurons are most susceptible to retrograde neuronal death. The authors' objective was to examine whether N-acetylcysteine or acetyl-L-carnitine treatment improves survival of neonatal motor or sensory neurons in a rat model of neonatal nerve injury...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443338/child-passenger-safety-technician-consultation-in-the-pediatric-primary-care-setting
#4
Dina Burstein, Mark R Zonfrillo, Janette Baird, Michael J Mello
Correct use of a child safety seat (CSS) can reduce the risk of fatal motor vehicle crash-related injury by up to 71%; however, misuse rates for CSS are as high as 70%. We recruited 189 caregivers at 2 large suburban pediatric office practices; 94 in the intervention group and 95 in the control group. All participants completed a baseline survey and received a CSS safety brochure. Intervention participants had their CSS installation checked at enrollment by a certified child passenger safety (CPS) technician...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438504/agomelatine-protects-against-neuronal-damage-without-preventing-epileptogenesis-in-the-kainate-model-of-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#5
Jana Tchekalarova, Dimitrinka Atanasova, Zlatina Nenchovska, Milena Atanasova, Lidia Kortenska, Rumyana Gesheva, Nikolai Lazarov
Recent studies about the novel antidepressant agomelatine, which is a mixed MT1 and MT2 melatonin receptor agonist and 5HT2C serotonin receptor antagonist possessing an anticonvulsant and neuroprotective action, suggest that it may have potential to contribute against epileptogenesis and epilepsy-induced memory impairment. In order to ascertain whether protection of some brain structures could suppress epileptogenesis, in the present study, we evaluated the effect of chronic post-status treatment with agomelatine on epileptogenesis, behavioral and neuronal damage induced by kainate acid (KA) status epilepticus (SE)...
April 21, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438480/educating-emergency-department-registered-nurses-edrns-in-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-changes-in-attitudes-and-knowledge-over-time
#6
Ann M Mitchell, Irene Kane, Dawn L Lindsay, Holly Hagle, Kathy Puskar, Jim Aiello, Lynn Boucek, Emily Knapp
Alcohol and other drug (AOD) diagnoses in the ED co-occur with injury-related presenting conditions including: falls, motor vehicle accidents, poisonings, and both intentional and unintentional injuries. Clinical attention to ED admissions resulting from hazardous AOD use can significantly improve patient care and reduce high cost utilization of ED visits and treatment. The EDRN-SBIRT project is designed to improve the knowledge and attitudes of ED nurses working in a large academic medical center to identify and address risky AOD use as it relates to an ED visit...
April 21, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437619/management-of-posterior-cruciate-ligament-tibial-avulsion-injuries-a-systematic-review
#7
Perry O Hooper, Chris Silko, Tennison L Malcolm, Lutul D Farrow
BACKGROUND: Tibial-sided avulsion injuries of the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) generally require surgical intervention. No consensus exists concerning the optimal surgical treatment approach for these injuries. PURPOSE: To perform a systematic review investigating the open and arthroscopic surgical treatment modalities, outcomes, and complications of PCL tibial-sided bony avulsions. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 4...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436738/brainstem-injury-in-motor-vehicle-crashes
#8
David C Viano, Chantal S Parenteau
OBJECTIVE: This is a descriptive study of the frequency and risk for brainstem injury by crash type, belt use and crash severity (delta V). NASS-CDS electronic cases were reviewed to see if the transition from vehicles without advanced airbags and seatbelts, side airbags and curtains to vehicles with the safety technologies has influenced the risk for brainstem injury. METHODS: 1994-2013 NASS-CDS was analyzed to determine the number of brainstem injuries in non-ejected adults (15+ year old) in vehicle crashes...
March 1, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436732/administrative-license-suspension-does-length-of-suspension-matter
#9
James C Fell, Michael Scherer
OBJECTIVE: Administrative license revocation (ALR) laws, which provide that the license of a driver with a blood alcohol concentration at or over the illegal limit is subject to an immediate suspension by the state department of motor vehicles, are an example of a traffic law in which the sanction rapidly follows the offense. The power of ALR laws has been attributed to how swiftly the sanction is applied, but does the length of suspension matter? Our objectives were to (a) determine the relationship of the ALR suspension length to the prevalence of drinking drivers relative to sober drivers in fatal crashes and (b) estimate the extent that the relationship is associated to the general deterrent effect compared to the specific deterrent effect of the law...
February 10, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435584/intra-articular-entrapment-of-medial-epicondyle-fracture-fragment-in-elbow-joint-dislocation-causing-ulnar-neuropraxia-a-case-report
#10
J Syed, A R Zamri, S Jamaluddin, J K Ruben, M Gopindran
Traumatic elbow dislocations in children are rare but most of them are complex dislocations, and in such dislocations, medial humerus epicondyle fractureis the most common associated injury. Fracture incarceration in the elbow joint occurs in 5-18% of medial humerus epicondyle fractures but ulnar neuropraxia is very rare. Open reduction internal fixation is indicated in medial humerus epicondyle fracture with fracture incarceration, ulnar neuropraxia, marked instability or open fracture. Operative treatment options include fragment excision and sutures, closed or open reduction and Kirschner wire fixation, open reduction and suture fixation, open reduction and smooth pin fixation, and open reduction and screw fixation...
March 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433849/clinical-significance-of-long-term-follow-up-of-children-with-posttraumatic-skull-base-fracture
#11
Sharon Leibu, Guy Rosenthal, Yigal Shoshan, Mony Benifla
BACKGROUND: To assess in children with skull base fractures, incidences of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, meningitis, and the need for prophylactic antibiotics, anti-pneumococcal vaccination, and surgical interventions. METHODS: We reviewed the records of children with skull base fractures who were admitted to our tertiary care center during 2009-2014. RESULTS: 196 children (153 male) were hospitalized with skull base fractures, aged 1 month to 18 years (mean 6 ± 4 years)...
April 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432010/exposure-to-an-enriched-environment-facilitates-motor-recovery-and-prevents-short-term-memory-impairment-and-reduction-of-striatal-bdnf-in-a-progressive-pharmacological-model-of-parkinsonism-in-mice
#12
Clarissa L C Campêlo, José R Santos, Anatildes F Silva, Aline L Dierschnabel, André Pontes, Jeferson S Cavalcante, Alessandra M Ribeiro, Regina H Silva
Previous studies showed that the repeated administration with a low dose of reserpine (RES) induces a gradual appearance of motor signs and cognitive deficits compatible with parkinsonism in rodents. Environmental stimulation has neuroprotective effects in animal models of neurodegenerative damage, including acutely induced parkinsonism. We investigated the effects of exposure to an enriched environment (EE) on motor, cognitive and neuronal (levels of tyrosine hydroxylase, TH and brain derived neurotrophic factor, BDNF) deficits induced by a progressive model of Parkinson's disease (PD) in mice...
April 18, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427953/booster-seat-effectiveness-among-older-children-evidence-from-washington-state
#13
D Mark Anderson, Lindsay L Carlson, Daniel I Rees
INTRODUCTION: The American Academy of Pediatrics has recommended that children as old as 12 years use a booster seat when riding in motor vehicles, yet little is known about booster seat effectiveness when used by older children. This study estimated the association between booster use and injuries among children aged 8-12 years who were involved in motor vehicle crashes. METHODS: Researchers analyzed data on all motor vehicle crashes involving children aged 8-12 years reported to the Washington State Department of Transportation from 2002 to 2015...
April 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427001/emergency-room-thoracotomy-for-acute-traumatic-cardiac-tamponade-caused-by-a-blunt-cardiac-injury-a-case-report
#14
Kenichiro Ishida, Yoshihiro Kinoshita, Nobutaka Iwasa, Masaro Nakae, Masayuki Sakaki, Yohei Ieki, Kyosuke Takahashi, Yumiko Shimahara, Taku Sogabe, Keiichiro Shimono, Mitsuhiro Noborio, Daikai Sadamitsu
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic blunt cardiac injuries have a high mortality rate, and prompt diagnosis and treatment can be lifesaving in cardiac tamponade. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 62-year-old man was transferred to the emergency department after a motor vehicle accident. He was hemodynamically unstable. A focused assessment with sonography in trauma (FAST) showed pericardial fluid with right ventricular collapse consistent with cardiac tamponade in the subxiphoid view...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422921/population-based-estimate-of-trauma-related-deaths-for-law-enforcement-personnel-risks-for-death-are-higher-and-increasing-over-time
#15
Alexander L Eastman, Michael W Cripps, Kareem R Abdelfattah, Kenji Inaba, Thomas G Weiser, David A Spain, Kristan L Staudenmayer
OBJECTIVE: Trauma-related deaths remain an important public health problem. One group susceptible to death due to traumatic mechanisms is U.S. Law Enforcement (LE). We hypothesized that LE officers experienced a higher chance of violent death compared to the general U.S. population and that risks have increased over time. METHODS: The National Institute on Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) National Occupational Mortality Surveillance (NOMS) is a population-based survey of occupational deaths...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422920/a-multi-year-assessment-of-a-hospital-school-program-to-promote-teen-motor-vehicle-safety
#16
Purnima Unni, Cristina M Estrada, Dai H Chung, Emily B Riley, Lesley Worsley-Hynd, Neil Stinson
BACKGROUND: Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death among teen drivers. The main goal of this program was to reduce texting while driving among high school teens through a unique peer-generated anti-texting campaign. METHODS: The program consisted of two phases. In Phase 1, student leaders participated in a half-day, hospital-based experiential program that emphasized safe teen driving. In Phase 2, these students conceptualized and implemented an anti-texting while driving campaign during the school year...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422905/distance-matters-effect-of-geographic-trauma-system-resource-organization-on-fatal-motor-vehicle-collisions
#17
Joshua B Brown, Matthew R Rosengart, Timothy R Billiar, Andrew B Peitzman, Jason L Sperry
BACKGROUND: Trauma systems improve outcome; however, it is unclear how geographic organization of trauma system resources (TSR) affects outcome. Our objective was to evaluate the relationship of fatal motor vehicle collisions (MVC) rates and the distance from individual MVC locations to the nearest TSR as a measure of the geographical organization of trauma systems, as well as how theoretical changes in the distribution of TSR may affect fatal MVC rates. METHODS: All fatal MVC in Pennsylvania 2013-14 were mapped from the FARS database...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419893/carbon-monoxide-related-fatalities-a-60-year-single-institution-experience
#18
Martin Janík, Michaela Ublová, Štepánka Kučerová, Petr Hejna
OBJECTIVE: Though carbon monoxide (CO) poisonings account currently for a relatively small percentage of total non-natural deaths in Europe, they represent a serious public health burden and significant component of avoidable mortality in many countries. Our aim was to investigate long-term trends and to determine epidemiologic characteristics of the CO-related deaths in the Czech Republic, recorded at the Department of Forensic Medicine in Hradec Králové. METHODS: This was an autopsy-based single-centre retrospective cohort study of all fatalities caused by CO poisoning over six decades (1947-2006)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419473/translating-the-cognitive-model-of-ptsd-to-the-treatment-of-very-young-children-a-single-case-study-of-an-8-year-old-motor-vehicle-accident-survivor
#19
Benjamin Goodall, Isobel Chadwick, Anna McKinnon, Aliza Werner-Seidler, Richard Meiser-Stedman, Patrick Smith, Tim Dalgleish
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a clinical condition that occurs after a discrete traumatic event, such as an accident or assault. Research into PTSD has primarily been adult-focused; however, there is a growing body of evidence evaluating the theory and treatment of PTSD in young children. Consequently, cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) interventions for PTSD in youth have been developed that focus on 3 core components of the cognitive model-a disorganized memory of the trauma, maladaptive appraisals of the trauma and its effects (meanings), and dysfunctional coping mechanisms (management)...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419017/the-evaluation-of-trauma-care-the-comparison-of-2-high-level-pediatric-emergency-departments-in-the-united-states-and-turkey
#20
Alkan Bal, Michael Cooper, Amanda Lee, Murat Anil, Halim Hennes
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to compare the outcomes of pediatric trauma patients with motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) and motor vehicle versus pedestrian crashes (MPCs) at a level 1 pediatric trauma center in the United States and a pediatric trauma center in Turkey. METHODS: The medical records of all pediatric MVC and MPC subjects presenting to the emergency departments (EDs) of a level 3 hospital in Turkey (Izmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital [ITTRH]) and a level 1 pediatric trauma center in the United States (Children's Medical Center Dallas [CMCD]) over a 1-year period were reviewed...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
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