keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Motor vehicle

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905350/evaluation-of-severity-score-in-patients-with-lower-limb-and-pelvic-fractures-injured-in-motor-vehicle-front-impact-collisions
#1
Mehmet Ata Gokalp, Yavuz Hekimoglu, Abdurrahim Gozen, Savas Guner, Mahmut Asirdizer
BACKGROUND Lower limb and pelvic injuries and fractures occur at a very high incidence in motor vehicle accidents. In this study, the characteristics (e.g., body side, bone location, and fracture severity) of lower limb and pelvic fractures that occurred during front-impact collisions were correlated with the injured patients' sex, age, and position in the vehicle. MATERIAL AND METHODS We retrospectively evaluated 191 patients (136 males, 55 females) who were injured in motor vehicle accidents, specifically in frontal collisions...
December 1, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904610/effects-of-air-pollution-on-human-health-and-practical-measures-for-prevention-in-iran
#2
REVIEW
Adel Ghorani-Azam, Bamdad Riahi-Zanjani, Mahdi Balali-Mood
Air pollution is a major concern of new civilized world, which has a serious toxicological impact on human health and the environment. It has a number of different emission sources, but motor vehicles and industrial processes contribute the major part of air pollution. According to the World Health Organization, six major air pollutants include particle pollution, ground-level ozone, carbon monoxide, sulfur oxides, nitrogen oxides, and lead. Long and short term exposure to air suspended toxicants has a different toxicological impact on human including respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, neuropsychiatric complications, the eyes irritation, skin diseases, and long-term chronic diseases such as cancer...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903481/hybrid-repair-of-complex-left-subclavian-artery-injury-with-partial-transection-and-complete-thrombosis-in-an-unstable-patient-following-blunt-trauma
#3
Ilitch Diaz-Gutierrez, Muhammad A Rana, Barkat Ali, John M Marek, Mark Langsfeld
Blunt subclavian artery injuries are rare and are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Several case reports have suggested that endovascular repair is safe with short operative times and minimal blood loss. We report a case of a 20-year-old male patient involved in a high speed motor vehicle collision that resulted in partial transection of left subclavian artery with complete luminal thrombosis. Patient also had a left main-stem bronchus avulsion along with major intra-abdominal injuries and multiple spine and long bone fractures...
November 26, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902703/sleep-apnea-sleep-debt-and-daytime-sleepiness-are-independently-associated-with-road-accidents-a-cross-sectional-study-on-truck-drivers
#4
Sergio Garbarino, Paolo Durando, Ottavia Guglielmi, Guglielmo Dini, Francesca Bersi, Stefania Fornarino, Alessandra Toletone, Carlo Chiorri, Nicola Magnavita
BACKGROUND: Recent research has found evidence of an association between motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) or near miss accidents (NMAs), and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) or its main medical cause, Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). However, EDS can also be due to non-medical factors, such as sleep debt (SD), which is common among professional truck drivers. On the opposite side, rest breaks and naps are known to protect against accidents. STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of OSA, SD, EDS, rest breaks and naps, with the occurrence of MVAs and NMAs in a large sample of truck drivers...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902676/dural-sinus-cerebral-venous-thrombosis-in-a-pediatric-trauma-patient-a-rare-complication-after-closed-head-injury
#5
Jonathan Wilcher, Michelle Pannell
OBJECTIVE: Closed head injury rarely predisposes patients, particularly children, to the development of dural sinus thrombosis. In addition, most cases of sinus thrombosis are subacute in nature. The following is a case report of a precipitous course of dural sinus thrombosis after closed head injury in a pediatric trauma patient. DESCRIPTION: A 14-year-old African American girl presented to the emergency department as a trauma activation. She was an unrestrained rear-seat passenger involved in a motor vehicle collision during which she was ejected...
December 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899748/cannabinoid-type-2-receptor-drives-neurogenesis-and-improves-functional-outcome-after-stroke
#6
Isabel Bravo-Ferrer, María I Cuartero, Juan G Zarruk, Jesús M Pradillo, Olivia Hurtado, Víctor G Romera, Javier Díaz-Alonso, Juan M García-Segura, Manuel Guzmán, Ignacio Lizasoain, Ismael Galve-Roperh, María A Moro
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stroke is a leading cause of adult disability characterized by physical, cognitive, and emotional disturbances. Unfortunately, pharmacological options are scarce. The cannabinoid type-2 receptor (CB2R) is neuroprotective in acute experimental stroke by anti-inflammatory mechanisms. However, its role in chronic stroke is still unknown. METHODS: Stroke was induced by permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion in mice; CB2R modulation was assessed by administering the CB2R agonist JWH133 ((6aR,10aR)-3-(1,1-dimethylbutyl)-6a,7,10,10a-tetrahydro-6,6,9-trimethyl-6H-dibenzo[b,d]pyran) or the CB2R antagonist SR144528 (N-[(1S)-endo-1,3,3-trimethylbicyclo-[2...
November 29, 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898724/risk-factors-for-motor-vehicle-collisions-in-patients-with-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Kenya Yuki, Sachiko Awano-Tanabe, Takeshi Ono, Daisuke Shiba, Hiroshi Murata, Ryo Asaoka, Kazuo Tsubota
PURPOSE: To identify the incidence rate of motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) in patients with no ocular pathology other than primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and determine the putative risk factors for MVCs in this group of patients. METHODS: We designed a prospective cohort study across three centers utilizing a consecutive sampling method to identify all patients with POAG between the ages of 40 and 80 years old. Patients with glaucoma were consecutively screened for eligibility...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898370/individual-differences-in-cognitive-functioning-predict-effectiveness-of-a-heads-up-lane-departure-warning-for-younger-and-older-drivers
#8
Nazan Aksan, Lauren Sager, Sarah Hacker, Benjamin Lester, Jeffrey Dawson, Matthew Rizzo, Kazutoshi Ebe, James Foley
The effectiveness of an idealized lane departure warning (LDW) was evaluated in an interactive fixed base driving simulator. Thirty-eight older (mean age=77years) and 40 younger drivers (mean age=35years) took four different drives/routes similar in road culture composition and hazards encountered with and without LDW. The four drives were administered over visits separated approximately by two weeks to examine changes in long-term effectiveness of LDW. Performance metrics were number of LDW activations and average correction time to each LDW...
November 26, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895554/systemic-radical-scavenger-treatment-of-a-mouse-model-of-rett-syndrome-merits-and-limitations-of-the-vitamin-e-derivative-trolox
#9
Oliwia A Janc, Marc A Hüser, Katharina Dietrich, Belinda Kempkes, Christiane Menzfeld, Swen Hülsmann, Michael Müller
Rett syndrome (RTT) is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder typically arising from spontaneous mutations in the X-chromosomal methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MECP2) gene. The almost exclusively female Rett patients show an apparently normal development during their first 6-18 months of life. Subsequently, cognitive- and motor-impairment, hand stereotypies, loss of learned skills, epilepsy and irregular breathing manifest. Early mitochondrial impairment and oxidative challenge are considered to facilitate disease progression...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894643/young-woman-with-paraplegia-following-a-motor-vehicle-crash
#10
Jose Alberto de Agustin, Jose Juan Gomez de Diego, Dina Carla Olivares Morello, Leopoldo Perez de Isla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892848/phytochemical-screening-and-analgesic-profile-of-the-lyophilized-aqueous-extract-obtained-from-chrysobalanus-icaco-leaves-in-experimental-protocols
#11
Heitor G Araújo-Filho, Jessica Deise Santos Dias, Lucindo J Quintans-Júnior, Márcio R V Santos, Pollyanna A S White, Rosana S S Barreto, André S Barreto, Charles S Estevam, Silvan S Araujo, Jackson R G S Almeida, Irwin R A Menezes, Henrique D M Coutinho, Jullyana S S Quintans
CONTEXT: Chrysobalanus icaco L. (Chrysobalanaceae) has been used for the treatment of abdominal pain and cramps. OBJECTIVE: Assess the chemical and pharmacological profile of the lyophilized aqueous extract from C. icaco leaves (AEC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chromatographic methods were used to assess compounds from AEC. Mice were treated with vehicle (control group) or AEC (100, 200 or 400 mg/kg, p.o.) (group with 7-8 mice) and the analgesic profile was assessed employing the acetic acid-induced writhing, formalin, hot plate tests and hyperalgesia induced by carrageenan (CG) or tumour necrosis factor-alpha...
December 2016: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891351/evaluation-of-effect-of-nishamalaki-on-stz-and-hfhf-diet-induced-diabetic-neuropathy-in-wistar-rats
#12
Jayshree Shriram Dawane, Vijaya Anil Pandit, Madhura Shirish Kumar Bhosale, Pallawi Shashank Khatavkar
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic neuropathy is one of the most common complications affecting 50% of diabetic patients. Neuropathic pain is the most difficult types of pain to treat. There is no specific treatment for neuropathy. Nishamalaki (NA), combination of Curcuma longa and Emblica officinalis used to treat Diabetes Mellitus (DM). So, efforts were made to test whether NA is useful in prevention of diabetic neuropathy. AIM: To evaluate the effect of NA on diabetic neuropathy in type 2 diabetic wistar rats...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889903/a-case-report-hemothorax-caused-by-rupture-of-the-left-atrial-appendage
#13
Hiroaki Oizumi, Kenji Suzuki, Hironobu Hoshino, Takahiro Tatsumori, Hideomi Ichinokawa
Cardiac rupture is defined as a full-thickness myocardial tear; this injury after blunt chest trauma is rare, and is associated with high mortality. Blunt cardiac rupture typically presents with either cardiac tamponade or massive hemothorax, and is often unrecognized in the context of blunt chest trauma. It is a little known fact that pericardial effusions can decrease due to pericardial lacerations. Hence, cardiac rupture with pericardial lacerations may be easily overlooked especially by chest surgeons. We herein report a case of hemothorax caused by rupture of the left atrial appendage...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889229/brown-propolis-attenuates-cerebral-ischemia-induced-oxidative-damage-via-affecting-antioxidant-enzyme-system-in-mice
#14
Gholamreza Bazmandegan, Mohammad Taher Boroushaki, Ali Shamsizadeh, Fatemeh Ayoobi, Elham Hakimizadeh, Mohammad Allahtavakoli
Oxidative stress plays a critical role in ischemic brain injury. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) are the enzymes underlying the endogenous antioxidant mechanisms affected by stroke and are considered as oxidative stress biomarkers. Brown propolis (BP) is a bioactive natural product with a set of biological activities that in turn may differ depending on the area from which the substance is originated. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of water-extracted brown propolis (WEBPs), from two regions of Iran, against cerebral ischemia-induced oxidative injury in a mouse model of stroke...
November 23, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889070/prenatal-ethanol-exposure-modifies-locomotor-activity-and-induces-selective-changes-in-met-enk-expression-in-adolescent-rats
#15
P Abate, A C Reyes-Guzmán, K Hernández-Fonseca, M Méndez
Several studies suggest that prenatal ethanol exposure (PEE) facilitates ethanol intake. Opioid peptides play a main role in ethanol reinforcement during infancy and adulthood. However, PEE effects upon motor responsiveness elicited by an ethanol challenge and the participation of opioids in these actions remain to be understood. This work assessed the susceptibility of adolescent rats to prenatal and/or postnatal ethanol exposure in terms of behavioral responses, as well as alcohol effects on Met-enk expression in brain areas related to drug reinforcement...
November 22, 2016: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888078/basilar-artery-herniation-into-the-sphenoid-sinus-secondary-to-traumatic-skull-base-fractures-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Arthur Wang, John Wainwright, Jared Cooper, Michael S Tenner, Adesh Tandon
BACKGROUND: Traumatic clival fractures occur with < 0.6% frequency and can be associated with significant neurovascular injuries. The most serious of these injuries is to the basilar artery in which the artery is dissected or is fully occluded resulting in infarction of the brainstem and cerebellum. Among early reports of these injuries, postmortem autopsy showed entrapment, or incarceration, of the basilar artery at the clival fracture site. A literature search revealed 11 cases of entrapment of the basilar artery within a clival fracture...
November 22, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886278/a-gdalo3-perovskite-oxide-electrolyte-based-nox-solid-state-sensor
#17
Yihong Xiao, Dongmei Wang, Guohui Cai, Yong Zheng, Fulan Zhong
NOx is a notorious emission from motor vehicles and chemical factories as the precursor of acid rain and photochemical smog. Although zirconia-based NOx sensors have been developed and showed high sensitivity and selectivity at a high temperature of above 800 °C, they fail to show good performance, and even don't work at the typical work temperature window of the automotive engine (<500 °C). It still is a formidable challenge for development of mild-temperature NOx detector or sensor. Herein, a novel amperometric solid-state NOx sensor was developed using perovskite-type oxide Gd1-xCaxAlO3-δ(GCA) as the electrolyte and NiO as the sensing electrode...
November 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884333/c-spine-injury-and-mandibular-fractures-lifesaver-broken-in-two-spots
#18
Michael W Chu, Tahereh Soleimani, Tyler A Evans, Sarah I Fernandez, Leigh Spera, Carrie Klene, Ben L Zarzaur, Sunil S Tholpady
BACKGROUND: Trauma is a leading cause of injury and mortality and may involve mandibular fractures and cervical spine injuries. Manipulation of the spine during trauma protocols and operative treatment has the potential to cause serious spinal cord injuries. The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors associated with cervical spine injury (CSI) in patients with mandibular fractures. METHODS: The National Trauma Databank (2007-2010) was used to identify patients with mandibular fractures...
December 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881469/the-role-of-intersection-and-street-design-on-severity-of-bicycle-motor-vehicle-crashes
#19
Morteza Asgarzadeh, Santosh Verma, Rania A Mekary, Theodore K Courtney, David C Christiani
BACKGROUND: Safety concerns are a major barrier to cycling. Intersection and street design variables such as intersection angles and street width might contribute to the severity of crashes and the safety concerns. In this study we examined whether these design variables were associated with bicycle-motor vehicle crashes (BMVC) severity. METHODS: Using the geographical information system and latitudes/longitudes recorded by the police using a global positioning device, we extracted intersection angles, street width, bicycle facilities, posted speed limits and annual average daily traffic from 3266 BMVC data from New York City police records...
November 9, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878132/ruptured-cystic-mesothelioma-diagnosed-after-blunt-trauma-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Francisco Igor B Macedo, Alice J Race, Laszlo M Hoesel
The majority of blunt trauma is secondary to motor vehicle crashes,especially in those wearing seatbelts or sitting in the front or passenger seat location.Hollow viscus gastrointestinal injuries occur more frequently in small bowel, followed by colorectal, duodenum, stomach and appendix. A 25-year-old male presents after being involved in a motor vehicle accident. Initialworkup was significant for moderate amount of pelvic free fluid and curvilinear,cysticlike structures in the pelvis. He subsequently developed peritonitis and underwentdiagnostic laparoscopy, which revealed multiple cystic nodules arising from theperitoneum...
October 2016: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
keyword
keyword
36869
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"