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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333874/road-traffic-injuries-among-riders-of-electric-bike-electric-moped-in-southern-china
#1
Xujun Zhang, Yaming Yang, Jie Yang, Jie Hu, Yang Li, Ming Wu, Lorann Stallones, Henry Xiang
Objective Electric bike/moped-related road traffic injuries have become a burgeoning public health problem in China. The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence and potential risk factors of electric bike/moped -related road traffic injuries among electric bike/moped riders in southern China. Methods A cross-sectional study was used to interview 3,151 electric bike/moped riders in southern China. Electric bike/moped-related road traffic injuries that occurred from July 2014 to June 2015 were investigated...
January 15, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328680/insomnia-and-motor-vehicle-accident-related-injuries-active-component-u-s-armed-forces-2007-2016
#2
Elizabeth A Erickson, Shauna Stahlman, Mark G McNellis
Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder in adults, and its incidence is increasing in the U.S. Armed Forces. A potential consequence of insomnia (including medications used to treat it) is increased risk of motor vehicle accidents (MVAs), which cause significant morbidity and mortality in service members. To examine the relationship between insomnia and MVA-related injuries in the U.S. Armed Forces, this retrospective cohort study compared incidence rates of MVA-related injuries from 2007 through 2016 between service members with diagnosed insomnia and an unexposed cohort...
December 2017: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328004/thoracolumbar-injury-classification-and-severity-score-in-children-a-reliability-study
#3
Ross L Dawkins, Joseph H Miller, Omar I Ramadan, Michael C Lysek, Elizabeth N Kuhn, Brandon G Rocque, Michael J Conklin, R Shane Tubbs, Beverly C Walters, Bonita S Agee, Curtis J Rozzelle
OBJECTIVE There are many classification systems for injuries of the thoracolumbar spine. The recent Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity Score (TLICS) has been shown to be a reliable tool for adult patients. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability of the TLICS system in pediatric patients. The validity of the TLICS system is assessed in a companion paper. METHODS The medical records of pediatric patients with acute, traumatic thoracolumbar fractures at a single Level 1 trauma center were retrospectively reviewed...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327966/ocular-histomorphometry-of-free-living-common-kestrels-falco-tinnunculus
#4
Karin Werther, Cinthia Graziela Candioto, Rüdiger Korbel
We evaluated the histomorphometry of the eye structures (cornea, retina, choroid, and sclera) of 13 adult free-living common kestrels ( Falco tinnunculus). Birds included in the study were euthanatized because of severe trauma from a motor vehicle injury. The eyes were enucleated immediately after euthanasia, fixed in 10% buffered formalin, and decalcified. The right eyes were cut vertically (dorsoventrally) and the left eyes cut horizontally (temporonasally). Tissues were processed, stained with hematoxylin and eosin, and evaluated by an image analysis software...
December 2017: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324904/prohibitin-plays-a-critical-role-in-enterovirus-71-neuropathogenesis
#5
Issac Horng Khit Too, Isabelle Bonne, Eng Lee Tan, Justin Jang Hann Chu, Sylvie Alonso
A close relative of poliovirus, enterovirus 71 (EV71) is regarded as an important neurotropic virus of serious public health concern. EV71 causes Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease and has been associated with neurological complications in young children. Our limited understanding of the mechanisms involved in its neuropathogenesis has hampered the development of effective therapeutic options. Here, using a two-dimensional proteomics approach combined with mass spectrometry, we have identified a unique panel of host proteins that were differentially and dynamically modulated during EV71 infection of motor-neuron NSC-34 cells, which are found at the neuromuscular junctions where EV71 is believed to enter the central nervous system...
January 2018: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322119/breast-injuries-in-female-collegiate-basketball-soccer-softball-and-volleyball-athletes-prevalence-type-and-impact-on-sports-participation
#6
Laura J Smith, Tamara D Eichelberger, Edward J Kane
Objective: In 2015-2016, over 214,000 female athletes competed at the collegiate level in the United States (U.S.). The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) collects injury data; however, breast-related injuries do not have a specific reporting category. The exact sequelae of breast injury are unknown; however, a relationship between breast injury and fat necrosis, which mimics breast carcinoma, is documented outside of sports participation. Breast injuries related to motor vehicle collisions, seatbelt trauma, and blunt trauma have been reported...
January 2018: European Journal of Breast Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320935/modified-dorsal-approach-in-the-management-of-lisfranc-injuries
#7
Andrew Philpott, Callum Lawford, Simon C Lau, Simon Chambers, Michael Bozin, Andrew Oppy
BACKGROUND: Open reduction and internal fixation of Lisfranc injuries has typically used multiple longitudinal incisions or a single transverse incision to approach the tarso-metatarsal joint (TMTJ). The incidence of wound-related complications is considerable. We describe a novel single-incision approach that utilizes subcutaneous windows to the medial TMTJ. METHODS: A retrospective review identified 150 patients who underwent open reduction and internal fixation for Lisfranc injuries, via the modified dorsal approach, at our center between January 2011 and June 2016...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316558/neural-stem-cells-expressing-bfgf-reduce-brain-damage-and-restore-sensorimotor-function-after-neonatal-hypoxia-ischemia
#8
Qingsong Ye, Yanqing Wu, Jiamin Wu, Shuang Zou, Ali Ahmed Al-Zaazaai, Hongyu Zhang, Hongxue Shi, Ling Xie, Yanlong Liu, Ke Xu, Huacheng He, Fabiao Zhang, Yiming Ji, Yan He, Jian Xiao
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Neonatal hypoxia-ischemia (HI) causes severe brain damage and significantly increases neonatal morbidity and mortality. Increasing evidences have verified that stem cell-based therapy has the potential to rescue the ischemic tissue and restore function via secreting growth factors after HI. Here, we had investigated whether intranasal neural stem cells (NSCs) treatment improves the recovery of neonatal HI, and NSCs overexpressing basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) has a better therapeutic effect for recovery than NSCs treatment only...
December 22, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313308/noise-pollution-and-impact-on-children-health
#9
REVIEW
Alok Gupta, Anant Gupta, Khushbu Jain, Sweta Gupta
With rapid urbanization and life style changes, loud noise is omnipresent and has become a part of life. Indoor and outdoor environmental noise pollution have been documented as a serious health hazard with increasing adverse effects on fetus, infants, children, adolescents and adults. Noise induced hearing loss and non-auditory adverse effects due to noise pollution, are being increasingly diagnosed in all age groups including the fetus. Outdated motorized vehicles, machinery, increasing traffic, congested residential areas, crowded educational institutions and workplaces, unregulated commercial and industrial noise have become a source of noise pollution with long-term disability...
January 9, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313074/source-apportionment-of-total-suspended-particles-tsp-by-positive-matrix-factorization-pmf-and-chemical-mass-balance-cmb-modeling-in-ahvaz-iran
#10
Khosro Ashrafi, Reza Fallah, Mostafa Hadei, Marayam Yarahmadi, Abbas Shahsavani
There is a compelling need for apportionment of pollutants' sources to facilitate their reduction through proper management plans. The present study was designed to determine the contribution of each possible source of total suspended particles in Ahvaz's ambient air using positive matrix factorization (PMF), chemical mass balance (CMB), and the SPECIATE database. The sampling program undertaken followed EPA's guidelines and finally resulted in 74 samples. The concentration of 33 elemental and 10 ionic species were measured during a whole year...
January 8, 2018: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310961/man-in-motor-vehicle-collision
#11
Rohit B Sangal, Daniel N Holena
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300145/survivors-perspectives-on-a-modular-approach-to-traumatic-grief-treatment
#12
Joah L Williams, Alyssa A Rheingold, Liana J McNallan, Alice W Knowlton
Understanding survivors' perspectives on treatment is important in a patient-centered approach to developing interventions for traumatic loss. Focus groups were conducted with 23 motor vehicle crash, suicide, and homicide survivors. Survivors' attitudes toward a modular treatment for traumatic loss were assessed. This study also sought to explore survivors' perspectives on the acceptability of existing evidence-based practice elements in the treatment of bereavement-related mental health problems. Qualitative analyses suggest that survivors liked a modular treatment approach and agreed that existing practice elements could be useful in addressing bereavement-related concerns...
January 4, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288228/intramural-oesophageal-haematoma-following-traumatic-neck-injury
#13
Emma Roemmele, Victoria Meighan, Brendan Morrissey
This case describes a previously well 90-year-old woman who presented with neck pain, swelling, dysphagia and hoarseness following a motor vehicle collision. Oesophageal oedema was visualised on CT of cervical spine and subsequent CT angiography highlighted an actively bleeding intramural oesophageal haematoma (IOH) extending from the cervical oesophagus to the carina. This rare phenomenon (IOH) has been described as a possible consequence of blunt trauma to the neck; however, we found no cases resulting from acceleration/deceleration injury...
December 28, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286967/failure-of-a-polyaryletheretherketone-cobalt-chromium-composite-femoral-stem-due-to-coating-separation-and-subsidence-a-case-report
#14
Meredith K Bartelstein, Douglas W Van Citters, Mitchell C Weiser, Calin S Moucha
CASE: A 52-year-old man who previously had undergone total hip arthroplasty with use of an Epoch (Zimmer) extensively porous-coated femoral stem presented with hip pain after a high-energy motor-vehicle accident. Radiographs demonstrated delamination at the polyaryletheretherketone-cobalt-chromium (PEEK-CoCr) core interface, which led to loosening. At revision, the implant demonstrated gross evidence of debonding at the PEEK-CoCr interface. CONCLUSION: We demonstrate clinical and tribologic evidence of a rare failure mode involving the PEEK-metal interface in a composite femoral stem, which surgeons should be aware of when evaluating patients with this type of implant...
October 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286962/fractures-of-the-bilateral-c2-neurocentral-and-lateral-dental-synchondroses-with-kyphotic-c1-c2-subluxation-in-a-3-year-old-girl-a-description-of-a-rare-fracture-pattern-and-its-treatment-a-case-report
#15
Lucienne Gautier, Christoph Aufdenblatten, Stefan Dierauer, Leonhard Ramseier, Luca Mazzone, Hanspeter Huber, Mazda Farshad
CASE: Spinal fractures are rare in young children. Because spinal anatomy and biomechanics differ in children and adults, knowledge of the deviations of the juvenile spine is necessary for adequate treatment. We present the case of a young girl with an unusual C2 fracture that included rupture of both of the neurocentral and lateral dental synchondroses, with an opening of the synchondroses and a caudal dislocation of both vertebral arches following a head-on motor vehicle collision. The whole body and apex of the dens was displaced anteriorly and cranially with a kyphotic angulation of 34°...
October 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286866/omega-3-fatty-acid-deficiency-impairs-frontostriatal-recruitment-following-repeated-amphetamine-treatment-in-rats-a-7-tesla-in-vivo-phmri-study
#16
Robert K McNamara, Jennifer D Schurdak, Ruth H Asch, Diana M Lindquist
Although attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is associated with deficits in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), an omega-3 fatty acid implicated in dopamine and glutamate synaptic plasticity, its role in neuroplastic brain changes that occur following repeated amphetamine (AMPH) treatment are not known. This study used pharmacological magnetic resonance imaging to investigate the impact of repeated AMPH exposure and alterations in brain DHA levels on AMPH-induced brain activation patterns. Male rats were fed a diet with no n-3 fatty acids (Deficient, DEF, n = 20), a diet fortified with preformed DHA (fish oil, FO, n = 20), or a control diet fortified with alpha-linolenic acid (n = 20) from P21 to P90...
December 29, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285620/effect-of-the-combined-treatment-of-albumin-with-plasma-synthesised-pyrrole-polymers-on-motor-recovery-after-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury-in-rats
#17
Omar Fabela-Sánchez, Hermelinda Salgado-Ceballos, Luis Medina-Torres, Laura Álvarez-Mejía, Stephany Sánchez-Torres, Rodrigo Mondragón-Lozano, Axayácatl Morales-Guadarrama, Araceli Díaz-Ruiz, María-Guadalupe Olayo, Guillermo J Cruz, Juan Morales, Camilo Ríos, Roberto Olayo
Traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI) is a health problem for which there is currently no treatment or definitive therapy. Medicine has explored therapeutic options for patients with TSCI with the aim to improve their quality of life. One alternative has been the development of biomaterials that offer neuroprotection or neuroregeneration of damaged nerve tissue. The microinjection of iodine-doped polypyrrole particles synthesised by plasma (PPPy/I) has shown neuroprotective effects that favour motor function recovery in experimental animals with TSCI...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285586/intracranial-ewing-sarcoma-four-pediatric-examples
#18
Michael J Yang, Ros Whelan, Jennifer Madden, Jean M Mulcahy Levy, B K Kleinschmidt-DeMasters, Todd C Hankinson, Nicholas K Foreman, Michael H Handler
BACKGROUND: Ewing sarcoma typically arises in bone and is unrelated to intraparenchymal small blue cell embryonal central nervous system (CNS) tumors previously designated primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs). When the CNS is impacted, it is usually secondary to local extension from either the epidural space, skull, or intracranial or spinal metastases. Primary examples within the cranial vault are rare, usually dural-based, and are largely case reports in the literature. We detail four pediatric patients with solitary, primary intracranial Ewing sarcoma, all manifesting the archetypal EWRS1 gene rearrangement that confirms diagnosis...
December 28, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282438/management-of-unruptured-traumatic-middle-meningeal-artery-pseudoaneurysms-through-onyx-embolization
#19
Nicolas K Khattar, Andrew C White, Enzo M Fortuny, Rob T Hruska, Robert F James
Traumatic pseudoaneurysms of the middle meningeal artery (MMA) represent less than 1% of all intracranial aneurysms, and occur mostly in association with temporal bone fractures following head trauma. Given the unknown natural history, it is unclear whether they should be treated. We present two cases of MMA pseudoaneurysms discovered during trauma workups. The first patient is a 44-year-old male with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) following a motor vehicle accident. The patient was found to have two right-sided middle meningeal artery pseudoaneurysms that were treated successfully with Onyx® (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN) embolization...
October 23, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281091/self-reported-drowsiness-and-safety-outcomes-while-driving-after-an-extended-duration-work-shift-in-trainee-physicians
#20
Clare Anderson, Suzanne Ftouni, Joseph M Ronda, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Charles A Czeisler, Steven W Lockley
Objectives: Extended duration (≥24 h) work shifts (EDWS) are associated with increased risk of motor vehicle crashes, and awareness of any impairment has important implications on legal accountability for any adverse driving outcome. The extent to which adverse driving events were preceded by pre-drive self -reported sleepiness was evaluated in medical residents after EDWS. Methods: Sixteen resident physicians (10F;29.2±2.0y) working EDWS were monitored when driving on their commute to and from the hospital (438 drives)...
December 22, 2017: Sleep
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