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GSK 3a

Haruko Nakamura, Aoi Takahashi-Jitsuki, Hiroko Makihara, Tetsuya Asano, Yayoi Kimura, Jun Nakabayashi, Naoya Yamashita, Yuko Kawamoto, Fumio Nakamura, Toshio Ohshima, Hisashi Hirano, Fumiaki Tanaka, Yoshio Goshima
CRMP2, alternatively designated as DPYSL2, was the first CRMP family member to be identified as an intracellular molecule mediating the signaling of the axon guidance molecule Semaphorin 3A (Sema3A). In Sema3A signaling, cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) primarily phosphorylates CRMP2 at Ser522. Glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) subsequently phosphorylates the residues of Thr509 and Thr514 of CRMP2. Previous studies showed that CRMP2 is involved in pathogenesis of neurological disorders such as Alzheimer's disease...
May 11, 2018: Neurochemistry International
Somrudee Reabroi, Arthit Chairoungdua, Rungnapha Saeeng, Teerapich Kasemsuk, Witchuda Saengsawang, Weiming Zhu, Pawinee Piyachaturawat
Hyperactivation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling implicated in oncogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC) is a potential molecular target for chemotherapy. An andrographolide analogue, 3A.1 (19-tert-butyldiphenylsilyl-8, 17-epoxy andrographolide) has previously been reported to be potently cytotoxic toward cancer cells by unknown molecular mechanisms. The present study explored the anti-cancer activity of analogue 3A.1 on Wnt/β-catenin signaling in colon cancer cells (HT29 cells) which were more sensitive to the others (HCT116 and SW480 cells)...
May 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Shicheng Hou, Henan Xu, Jianshu Hu, Jian Hou, Yan Wang, Zhe Jin, David C C Wan, Chun Hu
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis (OP) is a common bone disease, most often diagnosed in post-menopausal women. The majority of OP treatments are focused on manipulation of the patient's hormone levels, therefore, they are associated with significant adverse effects. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to design, synthesize and evaluate the β-catenin translocation capability and the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activation activity of 7H-thiazolo[3,2-b]-1,2,4-triazin-7-one derivatives...
2018: Medicinal Chemistry
Dan Tian, Ying Shi, Dexi Chen, Qiang Liu, Feiyue Fan
Nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (NRF2) is a master regulator of antioxidant and detoxification activities that can eliminate reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced via irradiation. However, Nrf2 overexpression in liver cancer cells may cause both radioresistance and chemoresistance. Reducing Nrf2 levels can enhance the radiosensitivity of HepG2 cells. Wingless/int-3A (Wnt3A) is a Wnt family protein that mainly activates the canonical Wnt signaling pathway. Recent studies showed that the Axin1-GSK-3β protein complex, a component of the canonical Wnt signaling pathway, can capture Nrf2 and facilitate its ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation in the cytoplasm...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
Lei Shangguan, Guangzhi Ning, Zhuojing Luo, Yue Zhou
Fibulin-4 is an extracellular matrix (ECM) protein implicated in connective tissue development and elastic fiber formation. However, little is known about the underlying function of Fibulin-4 in cartilage development. The aim of this study was to investigate the role and probable mechanism of Fibulin-4 stimulation in ECM production and chondrocyte differentiation. Fibulin-4 has been observed to be abnormally elevated and matrix metalloproteinases 13 (MMP13) level was highly expressed in human osteoarthritis (OA) chondrocytes...
June 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Sonu Singh, Akanksha Mishra, Neha Srivastava, Shubha Shukla
Adult hippocampal neurogenesis is directly involved in regulation of stress, anxiety, and depression that are commonly observed nonmotor symptoms in Parkinson's disease (PD). These symptoms do not respond to pharmacological dopamine replacement therapy. Excitotoxic damage to neuronal cells by N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor activation is also a major contributing factor in PD development, but whether it regulates hippocampal neurogenesis and nonmotor symptoms in PD is yet unexplored. Herein, for the first time, we studied the effect of MK-801, an NMDA receptor antagonist, on adult hippocampal neurogenesis and behavioral functions in 6-OHDA (6-hydroxydopamine) induced rat model of PD...
March 15, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Hesam Movassagh, Nazanin Tatari, Lianyu Shan, Latifa Koussih, Duaa Alsubait, Mahdi Khattabi, Naresh S Redhu, Michael Roth, Michael Tamm, Jamila Chakir, Abdelilah S Gounni
Airway smooth muscle (ASM) hyperplasia is a key feature of airway remodeling in development of lung diseases such as asthma. Anomalous proliferation of ASM cells directly contributes to ASM hyperplasia. However, the molecular mechanisms controlling ASM cell proliferation are not completely understood. Semaphorins are versatile regulators of various cellular processes including cell growth and proliferation. The role of semaphorins in ASM cell proliferation has remained to be addressed. Here, we report that semaphorin 3A (Sema3A) receptor, neuropilin 1 (Nrp1), is expressed on human ASM cells (HASMC) isolated from healthy and asthmatic donors and treatment of these cells with exogenous Sema3A inhibits growth factor-induced proliferation...
December 6, 2016: Oncotarget
Yibin Du, Shuo Zhang, Tao Yu, Gongwen Du, Hui Zhang, Zongsheng Yin
The present study aimed to determine whether co-culture with bone marrow‑derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) affects the proliferation and differentiation of spinal cord-derived neural stem cells (NSCs), and to investigate the underlying mechanism. The proliferation and differentiation of the NSCs were evaluated by an MTT cell proliferation and cytotoxicity assay, and immunofluorescence, respectively. The number of neurospheres and the number of β‑tubulin III‑positive cells were detected by microscopy...
September 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Shao-Hua Su, Yue-Qing Wang, Yi-Fang Wu, Da-Peng Wang, Qi Lin, Jian Hai
The present study further investigated the protective effects of cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN55,212-2 (WIN) and fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitor URB597 (URB) on chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH)-induced cognitive impairment in rats. Spatial learning and memory were assessed with the Morris water maze and by measuring Long-term potentiation. The expression of microtubule-associated protein-2 (MAP)-2, growth-associated protein-43 (GAP)-43, synaptophysin, cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), FAAH, N-acylphosphatidylethanolamine phospholipase D(NAPE-PLD) and monoacyl glycerol lipase (MGL) as well as phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT signaling pathway molecules and downstream targets including AKT, phosphorylated (p-)AKT, cyclic AMP response element- binding protein (CREB), p-CREB, Bcl-2-associated death protein (BAD), p-BAD, glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3β, p-GSK-3β, forkhead box protein (FOXO) 3A and p-FOXO3A was determined by western blotting...
October 15, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
Hailey B Koh, Anne M Scruggs, Steven K Huang
DNA methylation is a fundamental epigenetic mark that plays a critical role in differentiation and is mediated by the actions of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs). TGF-β1 is one of the most potent inducers of fibroblast differentiation, and although many of its actions on fibroblasts are well described, the ability of TGF-β1 to modulate DNA methylation in mesenchymal cells is less clear. Here, we examine the ability of TGF-β1 to modulate the expression of various DNMTs in primary lung fibroblasts (CCL210). TGF-β1 increased the protein expression, but not RNA levels, of both DNMT1 and DNMT3a...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ting Cai, Danqin Sun, Ying Duan, Ping Wen, Chunsun Dai, Junwei Yang, Weichun He
Arterial medial calcification (AMC) is prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and contributes to elevated risk of cardiovascular events and mortality. Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) to osteogenic transdifferentiation (VOT) in a high-phosphate environment is involved in the pathogenesis of AMC in CKD. WNT/β-catenin signaling is indicated to play a crucial role in osteogenesis via promoting Runx2 expression in osteoprogenitor cells, however, its role in Runx2 regulation and VOT remains incompletely clarified...
July 15, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Jibin Zhou, Firdos Ahmad, Shan Parikh, Nichole E Hoffman, Sudarsan Rajan, Vipin K Verma, Jianliang Song, Ancai Yuan, Santhanam Shanmughapriya, Yuanjun Guo, Erhe Gao, Walter Koch, James R Woodgett, Muniswamy Madesh, Raj Kishore, Hind Lal, Thomas Force
RATIONALE: Cardiac myocyte-specific deletion of either glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3α and GSK-3β leads to cardiac protection after myocardial infarction, suggesting that deletion of both isoforms may provide synergistic protection. This is an important consideration because of the fact that all GSK-3-targeted drugs, including the drugs already in clinical trial target both isoforms of GSK-3, and none are isoform specific. OBJECTIVE: To identify the consequences of combined deletion of cardiac myocyte GSK-3α and GSK-3β in heart function...
April 15, 2016: Circulation Research
Yu-Sang Li, Yang Xi, Xiao-Jun Li, Chang-Long Leng, Mei-Mei Jia, Wei Kevin Zhang, He-Bin Tang
To examine regulatory effects of β-catenin on the biosynthesis and release of substance P, a rat chronic constriction injury (CCI) model and a rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cell culture model were used in the present study. The CCI treatment significantly induced the overall expression of β-catenin (158 ± 6% of sham) in the ipsilateral L5 DRGs in comparison with the sham group (109 ± 4% of sham). The CCI-induced aberrant expression of β-catenin was significantly attenuated by oral administration of diclofenac (119 ± 6% of the sham value; 10 mg/kg)...
2015: PloS One
Bettina C Urban, Tracey J Collard, Catherine J Eagle, Samantha L Southern, Alexander Greenhough, Maryam Hamdollah-Zadeh, Anil Ghosh, Richard Poulsom, Christos Paraskeva, Andrew Silver, Ann C Williams
OBJECTIVE: Colorectal cancer remains the fourth most common cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Here we investigate the role of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) co-factor B-cell CLL/lymphoma 3 (BCL-3) in promoting colorectal tumour cell survival. DESIGN: Immunohistochemistry was carried out on 47 tumour samples and normal tissue from resection margins. The role of BCL-3/NF-κB complexes on cell growth was studied in vivo and in vitro using an siRNA approach and exogenous BCL-3 expression in colorectal adenoma and carcinoma cells...
July 2016: Gut
Patricia Rada, Ana I Rojo, Anika Offergeld, Gui Jie Feng, Juan P Velasco-Martín, José Manuel González-Sancho, Ángela M Valverde, Trevor Dale, Javier Regadera, Antonio Cuadrado
AIMS: Nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (NRF2) is a master regulator of oxidant and xenobiotic metabolism, but it is unknown how it is regulated to provide basal expression of this defense system. Here, we studied the putative connection between NRF2 and the canonical WNT pathway, which modulates hepatocyte metabolism. RESULTS: WNT-3A increased the levels of NRF2 and its transcriptional signature in mouse hepatocytes and HEK293T cells. The use of short interfering RNAs in hepatocytes and mouse embryonic fibroblasts which are deficient in the redox sensor Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (KEAP1) indicated that WNT-3A activates NRF2 in a β-Catenin- and KEAP1-independent manner...
March 1, 2015: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
F A Ragab, T A A Yahya, M M El-Naa, R K Arafa
Various flavonoid scaffold based derivatives viz furochalcones (3a-e, 6a-d and 9a-d), furoflavones (10a-d, 11a-d, 12a-d, 18a&b), flavones (21a-d), furoaurones (13a,b, 14a-d and 15a-d) and 7-styrylfurochromones (22a-d and 25a-e) were designed and synthesized. The novel compounds were evaluated for their antiproliferative activity against a panel of 60 cancer cell lines comprising 9 types of tumors. Ten compounds belonging to the major subgroups of flavonoids viz furochalcones (3a, 3d, 6b, 9a and 9b), furoflavones (12a and 12c), furoaurones (15d), styrylfurochromones (25b and 25e) showed very promising activity...
July 23, 2014: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Amanjot Kaur Riar, Madhusudhanan Narasimhan, Mary Latha Rathinam, Dhanashree Vedpathak, Srinivas Mummidi, George I Henderson, Lenin Mahimainathan
Ingestion of ethanol (ETOH) during pregnancy induces grave abnormalities in developing fetal brain. We have previously reported that ETOH induces programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4), a critical regulator of cell growth, in cultured fetal cerebral cortical neurons (PCNs) and in the cerebral cortex in vivo and affect protein synthesis as observed in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). However, the mechanism which activates PDCD4 in neuronal systems is unclear and understanding this regulation may provide a counteractive strategy to correct the protein synthesis associated developmental changes seen in FASD...
2014: PloS One
Xiaolin Wu, Jichun Wang, Hong Jiang, Qi Hu, Jing Chen, Jing Zhang, Rui Zhu, Wenwei Liu, Bin Li
Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are known to undergo functional changes that contribute to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and restenosis. Wnts are a family of secreted glycoproteins that bind to transmembrane Frizzled receptors and initiate signaling cascades with indispensable roles during cell migration, adhesion, proliferation, and survival. The present study reports that wingless-type MMTV integration site family, member 3a (Wnt3a) activates the canonical Wnt pathway in rat VSMCs by triggering the phosphorylation of β-catenin at position Ser675 and GSK-3β at position Ser9...
April 2014: Molecular Medicine Reports
Digambar Kumar Waiker, Chandrabose Karthikeyan, Vasanthanathan Poongavanam, Jacob Kongsted, Olivier Lozach, Laurent Meijer, Piyush Trivedi
A series of novel 4-anilinoquinazoline derivatives (3a-3j) has been synthesized and evaluated as potential inhibitors for protein kinases implicated in Alzheimer's disease. Among all the synthesized compounds, compound 3e (N-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-6,7-dimethoxyquinazolin-4-amine) exhibited the most potent inhibitory activity against CLK1 and GSK-3α/β kinase with IC₅₀ values of 1.5 μM and 3 μM, respectively. Docking studies were performed to elucidate the binding mode of the compounds to the active site of CLK1 and GSK-3β...
March 15, 2014: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Kenyu Yoshida, Ryosuke Itoyama, Masashi Yamahira, Junji Tanaka, Nadège Loaëc, Olivier Lozach, Emilie Durieu, Tsutomu Fukuda, Fumito Ishibashi, Laurent Meijer, Masatomo Iwao
The total synthesis of the optically active (aR)- and (aS)-16-methyllamellarins N (3a and 3b) was achieved via resolution on HPLC chiral stationary phase. The kinase inhibitory activities of both enantiomers were evaluated on eight protein kinases relevant to cancer and neurodegenerative diseases (CDK1/cyclin B, CDK2/cyclin A, CDK5/p25, GSK-3α/β, PIM1, DYRK1A, CLK3, and CK1). Isomer (aR)-3b exhibited potent but nonselective inhibition on all protein kinases except CK1, while (aS)-3a selectively inhibited only GSK-3α/β, PIM1, and DYRK1A...
September 26, 2013: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
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