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GSK 3a

Yibin Du, Shuo Zhang, Tao Yu, Gongwen Du, Hui Zhang, Zongsheng Yin
The present study aimed to determine whether co-culture with bone marrow‑derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) affects the proliferation and differentiation of spinal cord-derived neural stem cells (NSCs), and to investigate the underlying mechanism. The proliferation and differentiation of the NSCs were evaluated by an MTT cell proliferation and cytotoxicity assay, and immunofluorescence, respectively. The number of neurospheres and the number of β‑tubulin III‑positive cells were detected by microscopy...
September 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Shao-Hua Su, Yue-Qing Wang, Yi-Fang Wu, Da-Peng Wang, Qi Lin, Jian Hai
The present study further investigated the protective effects of cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN55,212-2 (WIN) and fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitor URB597 (URB) on chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH)-induced cognitive impairment in rats. Spatial learning and memory were assessed with the Morris water maze and by measuring Long-term potentiation. The expression of microtubule-associated protein-2 (MAP)-2, growth-associated protein-43 (GAP)-43, synaptophysin, cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), FAAH, N-acylphosphatidylethanolamine phospholipase D(NAPE-PLD) and monoacyl glycerol lipase (MGL) as well as phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT signaling pathway molecules and downstream targets including AKT, phosphorylated (p-)AKT, cyclic AMP response element- binding protein (CREB), p-CREB, Bcl-2-associated death protein (BAD), p-BAD, glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3β, p-GSK-3β, forkhead box protein (FOXO) 3A and p-FOXO3A was determined by western blotting...
October 15, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
Hailey B Koh, Anne M Scruggs, Steven K Huang
DNA methylation is a fundamental epigenetic mark that plays a critical role in differentiation and is mediated by the actions of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs). TGF-β1 is one of the most potent inducers of fibroblast differentiation, and although many of its actions on fibroblasts are well described, the ability of TGF-β1 to modulate DNA methylation in mesenchymal cells is less clear. Here, we examine the ability of TGF-β1 to modulate the expression of various DNMTs in primary lung fibroblasts (CCL210). TGF-β1 increased the protein expression, but not RNA levels, of both DNMT1 and DNMT3a...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Ting Cai, Danqin Sun, Ying Duan, Ping Wen, Chunsun Dai, Junwei Yang, Weichun He
Arterial medial calcification (AMC) is prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and contributes to elevated risk of cardiovascular events and mortality. Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) to osteogenic transdifferentiation (VOT) in a high-phosphate environment is involved in the pathogenesis of AMC in CKD. WNT/β-catenin signaling is indicated to play a crucial role in osteogenesis via promoting Runx2 expression in osteoprogenitor cells, however, its role in Runx2 regulation and VOT remains incompletely clarified...
July 15, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Jibin Zhou, Firdos Ahmad, Shan Parikh, Nichole E Hoffman, Sudarsan Rajan, Vipin K Verma, Jianliang Song, Ancai Yuan, Santhanam Shanmughapriya, Yuanjun Guo, Erhe Gao, Walter Koch, James R Woodgett, Muniswamy Madesh, Raj Kishore, Hind Lal, Thomas Force
RATIONALE: Cardiac myocyte-specific deletion of either glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3α and GSK-3β leads to cardiac protection after myocardial infarction, suggesting that deletion of both isoforms may provide synergistic protection. This is an important consideration because of the fact that all GSK-3-targeted drugs, including the drugs already in clinical trial target both isoforms of GSK-3, and none are isoform specific. OBJECTIVE: To identify the consequences of combined deletion of cardiac myocyte GSK-3α and GSK-3β in heart function...
April 15, 2016: Circulation Research
Yu-Sang Li, Yang Xi, Xiao-Jun Li, Chang-Long Leng, Mei-Mei Jia, Wei Kevin Zhang, He-Bin Tang
To examine regulatory effects of β-catenin on the biosynthesis and release of substance P, a rat chronic constriction injury (CCI) model and a rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) cell culture model were used in the present study. The CCI treatment significantly induced the overall expression of β-catenin (158 ± 6% of sham) in the ipsilateral L5 DRGs in comparison with the sham group (109 ± 4% of sham). The CCI-induced aberrant expression of β-catenin was significantly attenuated by oral administration of diclofenac (119 ± 6% of the sham value; 10 mg/kg)...
2015: PloS One
Bettina C Urban, Tracey J Collard, Catherine J Eagle, Samantha L Southern, Alexander Greenhough, Maryam Hamdollah-Zadeh, Anil Ghosh, Richard Poulsom, Christos Paraskeva, Andrew Silver, Ann C Williams
OBJECTIVE: Colorectal cancer remains the fourth most common cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Here we investigate the role of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) co-factor B-cell CLL/lymphoma 3 (BCL-3) in promoting colorectal tumour cell survival. DESIGN: Immunohistochemistry was carried out on 47 tumour samples and normal tissue from resection margins. The role of BCL-3/NF-κB complexes on cell growth was studied in vivo and in vitro using an siRNA approach and exogenous BCL-3 expression in colorectal adenoma and carcinoma cells...
July 2016: Gut
Patricia Rada, Ana I Rojo, Anika Offergeld, Gui Jie Feng, Juan P Velasco-Martín, José Manuel González-Sancho, Ángela M Valverde, Trevor Dale, Javier Regadera, Antonio Cuadrado
AIMS: Nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (NRF2) is a master regulator of oxidant and xenobiotic metabolism, but it is unknown how it is regulated to provide basal expression of this defense system. Here, we studied the putative connection between NRF2 and the canonical WNT pathway, which modulates hepatocyte metabolism. RESULTS: WNT-3A increased the levels of NRF2 and its transcriptional signature in mouse hepatocytes and HEK293T cells. The use of short interfering RNAs in hepatocytes and mouse embryonic fibroblasts which are deficient in the redox sensor Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (KEAP1) indicated that WNT-3A activates NRF2 in a β-Catenin- and KEAP1-independent manner...
March 1, 2015: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
F A Ragab, T A A Yahya, M M El-Naa, R K Arafa
Various flavonoid scaffold based derivatives viz furochalcones (3a-e, 6a-d and 9a-d), furoflavones (10a-d, 11a-d, 12a-d, 18a&b), flavones (21a-d), furoaurones (13a,b, 14a-d and 15a-d) and 7-styrylfurochromones (22a-d and 25a-e) were designed and synthesized. The novel compounds were evaluated for their antiproliferative activity against a panel of 60 cancer cell lines comprising 9 types of tumors. Ten compounds belonging to the major subgroups of flavonoids viz furochalcones (3a, 3d, 6b, 9a and 9b), furoflavones (12a and 12c), furoaurones (15d), styrylfurochromones (25b and 25e) showed very promising activity...
July 23, 2014: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Amanjot Kaur Riar, Madhusudhanan Narasimhan, Mary Latha Rathinam, Dhanashree Vedpathak, Srinivas Mummidi, George I Henderson, Lenin Mahimainathan
Ingestion of ethanol (ETOH) during pregnancy induces grave abnormalities in developing fetal brain. We have previously reported that ETOH induces programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4), a critical regulator of cell growth, in cultured fetal cerebral cortical neurons (PCNs) and in the cerebral cortex in vivo and affect protein synthesis as observed in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). However, the mechanism which activates PDCD4 in neuronal systems is unclear and understanding this regulation may provide a counteractive strategy to correct the protein synthesis associated developmental changes seen in FASD...
2014: PloS One
Xiaolin Wu, Jichun Wang, Hong Jiang, Qi Hu, Jing Chen, Jing Zhang, Rui Zhu, Wenwei Liu, Bin Li
Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are known to undergo functional changes that contribute to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and restenosis. Wnts are a family of secreted glycoproteins that bind to transmembrane Frizzled receptors and initiate signaling cascades with indispensable roles during cell migration, adhesion, proliferation, and survival. The present study reports that wingless-type MMTV integration site family, member 3a (Wnt3a) activates the canonical Wnt pathway in rat VSMCs by triggering the phosphorylation of β-catenin at position Ser675 and GSK-3β at position Ser9...
April 2014: Molecular Medicine Reports
Digambar Kumar Waiker, Chandrabose Karthikeyan, Vasanthanathan Poongavanam, Jacob Kongsted, Olivier Lozach, Laurent Meijer, Piyush Trivedi
A series of novel 4-anilinoquinazoline derivatives (3a-3j) has been synthesized and evaluated as potential inhibitors for protein kinases implicated in Alzheimer's disease. Among all the synthesized compounds, compound 3e (N-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-6,7-dimethoxyquinazolin-4-amine) exhibited the most potent inhibitory activity against CLK1 and GSK-3α/β kinase with IC₅₀ values of 1.5 μM and 3 μM, respectively. Docking studies were performed to elucidate the binding mode of the compounds to the active site of CLK1 and GSK-3β...
March 15, 2014: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Kenyu Yoshida, Ryosuke Itoyama, Masashi Yamahira, Junji Tanaka, Nadège Loaëc, Olivier Lozach, Emilie Durieu, Tsutomu Fukuda, Fumito Ishibashi, Laurent Meijer, Masatomo Iwao
The total synthesis of the optically active (aR)- and (aS)-16-methyllamellarins N (3a and 3b) was achieved via resolution on HPLC chiral stationary phase. The kinase inhibitory activities of both enantiomers were evaluated on eight protein kinases relevant to cancer and neurodegenerative diseases (CDK1/cyclin B, CDK2/cyclin A, CDK5/p25, GSK-3α/β, PIM1, DYRK1A, CLK3, and CK1). Isomer (aR)-3b exhibited potent but nonselective inhibition on all protein kinases except CK1, while (aS)-3a selectively inhibited only GSK-3α/β, PIM1, and DYRK1A...
September 26, 2013: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Kai-An Chuang, Chien-Hui Lieu, Wei-Jern Tsai, Wen-Hsin Huang, An-Rong Lee, Yuh-Chi Kuo
AIMS: Aberrant activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling has been implicated in carcinogenesis. Identification of inhibitors of this pathway may help in cancer therapy. The purpose of this study is to investigate the inhibitory effect of 3-methoxyapigenin (3-MA) with β-catenin/LEF reporter system. The anti-cancer mechanisms in Jurkat leukemic cells were also examined. MAIN METHODS: HEK 293-TOP/FOP reporter cells were used to determine the inhibitory effect of 3-MA on Wnt/β-catenin pathway...
April 9, 2013: Life Sciences
Yan Wang, Junaith S Mohamed, Stephen E Alway
β-Catenin is essential for muscle development because it regulates both cadherin-mediated cell-cell adhesion and canonical Wingless and Int1 (Wnt) signaling. The phosphorylation of β-catenin by glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) at serine31/37/threonine41 regulates its stability and its role in canonical Wnt signaling. In this study, we have investigated whether the N-terminal phosphorylation of β-catenin is regulated by M-cadherin, and whether this regulation mediates the role of M-cadherin in myogenic differentiation...
January 2013: Cell and Tissue Research
Takashi Iwakura, Atsuyuki Inui, A Hari Reddi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the roles of the hedgehog and Wnt signaling pathways in accumulation of superficial zone protein (SZP) in surface zone articular chondrocytes. METHODS: Explant cultures of disks of surface zone cartilage or isolated chondrocytes from the surface zone of articular cartilage of bovine stifle joints were cultured in serum-free chemically defined medium. Accumulation of SZP in the culture medium, in response to hedgehog proteins (sonic hedgehog [SHH] and Indian hedgehog [IHH]), Wnt proteins (Wnt-3a, Wnt-5a, and Wnt-11), agonists of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway (glycogen synthase kinase 3β [GSK-3β] inhibitors), and antagonists of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, was investigated...
February 2013: Arthritis and Rheumatism
Richard P C Manns, Geoffrey M W Cook, Christine E Holt, Roger J Keynes
Semaphorin-3A (Sema3A) is a major guidance cue in the developing nervous system. Previous studies have revealed a dependence of responses to Sema3A on local protein synthesis (PS) in axonal growth cones, but a recent study has called this dependence into question. To understand the basis of this discrepancy we used the growth cone collapse assay on chick dorsal root ganglion neurons. We show that the dependence of growth cone collapse on protein synthesis varies according to Sema3A concentration, from near-total at low concentration (<100 ng/ml) to minimal at high concentration (>625 ng/ml)...
June 20, 2012: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
M Garcia-Herreros, I M Aparicio, D Rath, T Fair, P Lonergan
Previous studies have shown that developmental kinetic rates following IVF are lower in female than in male blastocysts and that this may be related to differences in glucose metabolism. In addition, an inhibition of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K) inhibits glucose uptake in murine blastocysts. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify and compare the expression of proteins involved in glucose metabolism (hexokinase-I, HK-I; phosphofructokinase-1, PFK-1; pyruvate kinase 1/2, PK1/2; glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, GAPDH; glucose transporter-1, GLUT-1; and glycogen synthase kinase-3, GSK-3) in male and female bovine blastocysts to determine whether PI3-K has a role in the regulation of the expression of these proteins...
2012: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
Weizhi Zhang, Naohiro Yano, Minzi Deng, Quanfu Mao, Sunil K Shaw, Yi-Tang Tseng
Sustained β-adrenergic receptors (βAR) activation leads to cardiac hypertrophy and prevents left ventricular (LV) atrophy during LV unloading. The immediate signaling pathways downstream from βAR stimulation, however, have not been well investigated. The current study was to examine the early cardiac signaling mechanism(s) following βAR stimulation. In adult C57BL/6 mice, acute βAR stimulation induced significant increases in PI3K activity and activation of Akt and ERK1/2 in the heart, but not in lungs or livers...
2011: PloS One
Maya Shelly, Laura Cancedda, Byung Kook Lim, Andrei T Popescu, Pei-lin Cheng, Hongfeng Gao, Mu-ming Poo
Semaphorin 3A (Sema3A) is a secreted factor known to guide axon/dendrite growth and neuronal migration. We found that it also acts as a polarizing factor for axon/dendrite development in cultured hippocampal neurons. Exposure of the undifferentiated neurite to localized Sema3A suppressed its differentiation into axon and promoted dendrite formation, resulting in axon formation away from the Sema3A source, and bath application of Sema3A to polarized neurons promoted dendrite growth but suppressed axon growth...
August 11, 2011: Neuron
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